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Solution to adapt to climate change in Mekong Delta

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  • Solution to adapt to climate change in Mekong Delta

    Morning 24 / 6, at City Rach Gia (Kien Giang) was held an international symposium "The solution to adapt to climate change in Mekong Delta" by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Southwest Steering Committee, Provincial People's Committee of Kien Giang co-chair.

    Attending the seminar were the managers and scientists from other institutes, schools and representatives of international organizations, GTZ, UNDP, UNESSCO, Mekong River Commission, Australian Consulate ... This seminar is one of nine important activities in the framework of Economic Cooperation Forum in 2010 by the Mekong Delta province of Kien Giang host (called MDEC Kien Giang 2010).

    Opening the conference, Deputy Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Nguyen Manh Hien, said that climate change (climate change) are becoming more visible with the extreme weather phenomena occur more and more, intensity .

    Vietnam is considered as one in four countries most severely affected in the world, including the Mekong Delta is affected very large and vulnerable.

    Since most poor people live mainly in the nature reserve, with two main occupations are agriculture and fishing products.

    So, first of all to deal with climate change should be taken of the poor, help them to improve life conditions.

    According to the scenario was presented scientists at the workshop, if sea levels could destroy 1m 2500 km2 of mangroves in Asia and could cause flooding in the Red River Delta around 5,000 km2, 15,000 to 20,000 km2 in the Mekong Delta.

    Sea level rise may increase the number of people suffer from flooding in coastal areas in South, Southeast and East Asia up to about 13-94 million people each year to the end of this century. Of these, approximately 20% of this figure is in Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.

    Particularly in the Mekong Delta region, where the terrain is relatively low, high places average only about 20-30 cm of sea level today. Therefore, if sea levels rise by 1m is about 70% of agricultural land in the Mekong Delta will be salt water intrusion, causing approximately 2 million hectares of paddy ddat. Many localities will be immersed in water, the specific loss of Ben Tre 1131 km2 (over 50% of the area), Long An lose 2169 km2 (50%), Tra Vinh lost 1.021km2 (nearly 46%), Soc takes 1425 km2 (nearly 44%), Vinh Long lost 606 km2 (40%) ...

    Under this scenario, flooding in the Mekong delta time can last from 4-5 months of the year, as 38% land area Plains drowned, 90% land area contaminated with salt water.

    Is the area most heavily affected should sea levels will cause more sweet in the Mekong Delta region today into brackish water, changing hydrological flow and pressure up to 90% of the area flooded. Water resources will decline seriously affected agricultural production, especially fishing. Salinization process will take longer inland, concentrated in coastal provinces such as dance, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Tra Vinh, Ben Tre, Tien Giang, Long An, Kien Giang ... make more fresh water become scarce.

    Mr. Le Cong Thanh - Director of the Department of Meteorology and Hydrology and Climate Change that climate change is not merely a phenomenon of rising sea levels, but more important is the disruption of the environment to change the lives of many species on earth. "There are two necessary to deal with climate change is reducing greenhouse gas emissions to reduce climate change causes and seek measures to adapt to this phenomenon. In particular, we need to do now is find ways to adapt "- The proposed him.

    Le Anh Tuan - Climate Change Research Institute (Cantho University) that, climate change will affect rice production and aquaculture, two areas that are the strength of the Mekong Delta. So, it should soon find ways to help people adapt as research and the selection of salinity resistant rice variety, open field farming area in the same fishery, brackish, and find solutions to water-saving production . In response to climate change strategy should pay much attention to coastal areas and islands ... as these are the areas most affected.

    There is a paradox that the countries are developing countries though not the main responsibility in causing the phenomenon of climate change but is the most heavily affected. Jean Henry Labyrie - Director of Project Consulting Co. Royel Haskoning Netherlands that the Netherlands is doing as well as many irrigation works which the developing countries like Vietnam can learn, learn from experience. However, he also confirmed if the sea water is 1 meter high on the embankment to prevent impossible and very expensive. More specifically, Mr. Koos Neefjes - Senior Advisor on Climate Change, United Nations Development Programme-UNDP in Vietnam said that Vietnam each year from about 0.5 to 2 billion dollars needed for measures to adapt to climate change . This is a relatively large funding, so funding is external, the government of Vietnam should be more proactive in finding financing for the project.

    Discussion at the conference, many delegates said that the extreme weather phenomena that we are witnessing is just the first piece of music walk of climate change reality.
    The worst of climate change is happening and all organizations and individuals are responsible for contributing causes should reduce this phenomenon, as well as finding methods to adapt to it girl.

    As reported by the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the impact of climate change will lead to significant reduction in grain yields and threaten food security.
    Forecasting the end of this century, crop yields in Asia could reduce over 19% if the carbon use of fertilizers, among other Southeast Asian countries, the rate decreased from 15% to 26% for Vietnam and with Thailand.
    Estimates for this decline will lead to decline approximately 1.4% of GDP annually in 2080. If the distortion of the market, the decline of GDP up to 1.7%.
    In the framework of this workshop, and Kien Giang has signed an agreement announced 20 projects funded by domestic and foreign organizations with a total amount of over 92.5 billion. Also in the framework of Kien Giang MDEC 2010, meeting to promote Kien Giang 2010 was held on the same day, has been attracting the attention of many domestic and foreign enterprises.

    20 hours at night (24 / 6), Launch of the World Biosphere Reserve - Kien Giang and honor organizations and individuals have contributed for the sustainable development of the Mekong Delta have been City officials formally at Rach Gia, Kien Giang. Zone World Biosphere Reserve in Kien Giang (DTSQTG) recognized by UNESCO in 2006. DTSQTG this area include sea, land and islands, with the core zone of U Minh Thuong National Park, Phu Quoc national park and marine protected areas, protection forest landscape Kien Luong and coastal mangroves. The total area of Kien Giang DTSQ 1146072.2 23506.2 ha ha core area in which (not including marine area, marine protected approximately 10,000) 130.028ha buffer, the transition area 992.545 (189.439 hectares of land also is the sea surface).

    Kien Giang DTSQ Park is one of five areas of Vietnam DTSQ UNESCO biosphere and is the largest in Southeast Asia today.