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New Mexico - Avian flu in mammals and livestock 2024

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  • New Mexico - Avian flu in mammals and livestock 2024


    Dairy cows.

    Please see: Dairy cows test positive for H5N1 avian flu in Texas, Kansas, Idaho, Michigan, New Mexico, Ohio, North Carolina, South Dakota - March 24+ One Texas human case April 1

  • #2
    United States of America - Influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity (Inf. with) (non-poultry including wild birds) (2017-) - Follow up report 47


    GENERAL INFORMATION

    COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
    ZONE

    ANIMAL TYPE
    TERRESTRIAL

    DISEASE CATEGORY
    Listed disease

    EVENT ID
    4451

    DISEASE
    Influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity (Inf. with) (non-poultry including wild birds) (2017-)

    CAUSAL AGENT
    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

    GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
    H5N1

    START DATE
    2022/03/30

    REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
    Unusual host species

    DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE- CONFIRMATION DATE
    2022/05/05

    EVENT STATUS
    On-going

    END DATE- SELF-DECLARATION

    NO REPORT INFORMATION

    REPORT NUMBER
    Follow-up report 47

    REPORT ID
    FUR_167004

    REPORT REFERENCE- REPORT DATE
    2024/04/19

    REPORT STATUS
    Validated

    NO EVOLUTION REPORT

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
    • Contact with wild species
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
    Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 Eurasian lineage goose/Guangdong clade 2.3.4.4b has been confirmed in samples from dairy cattle in Idaho (ID), Kansas (KS), Michigan (MI), New Mexico (NM), North Carolina (NC), Ohio (OH), South Dakota (SD) and Texas (TX). Updates to the detections of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in livestock can be found at: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/livestock...ions/livestock.

    QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY

    MEASURING UNIT
    Animal

    SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Coyote (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1-1-- Cats (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL-714-- Virginia Opossum (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-431-- Domestic cat (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-611-- Goats (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL16555--- Gray Seal (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Bobcat (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-752-- Striped Skunk (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-422714-- American Mink (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1---- Tiger (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Harbor Seal (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-21192-- Racoon (Northern raccoon) (WILD)NEW-1----TOTAL-1754-- Puma (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-2222--- Bottlenose dolphin (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- American Black Bear (black bear) (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-413-- Brown bear (Grizzly Bear) (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-431-- Polar Bear (WILD)NEW------TOTAL--1--- Red Fox (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-864819-- Amur Leopard (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Fisher (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-321-- North American river otter (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- American marten (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Abert's squirrel (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1---- Bovine (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL-90000 All speciesNEW-1----TOTAL1652461495300

    DIAGNOSTIC DETAILS

    CLINICAL SIGNS
    YES

    METHOD OF DIAGNOSTIC
    Clinical, Diagnostic test
    Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL), Ames, Iowa Harbor Seal,American marten,Bottlenose dolphin,Domestic cat,Amur Leopard,Racoon (Northern raccoon),Puma,Fisher,American Black Bear (black bear),Tiger,Cats,Brown bear (Grizzly Bear),Bobcat,Gray Seal,Virginia Opossum,Striped Skunk,Coyote,Red Fox,American Mink,Abert's squirrel,Bovine,North American river otter,Polar Bear,Goats 207 2022/05/05 2024/04/17 Positive



    NEW OUTBREAKS

    OB_134125 - MI 005 - ISABELLA COUNTY

    OB_134123 - MI 003 - IONIA COUNTY

    OB_134124 - MI 004 - OTTAWA COUNTY

    OB_134126 - KS 004 - STEVENS COUNTY

    OB_134128 - NM 007 - CURRY COUNTY

    OB_134129 - TX 012 - HARTLEY COUNTY​

    Comment


    • #3
      Excepts from the WOAH report posted above by Lance:

      At two farms, there have been outbreaks of H5N1 in cattle, cats and a wild raccoon:

      OUTBREAK REFERENCE
      NM 002

      New Mexico
      Farm
      Curry County
      A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included acute decrease in production. HPAI H5N1 clade 2.3.4.4b was detected in a barn cat on the affected premises and a wild racoon (Procyon lotor) on the affected premises.
      ------------------------------
      OUTBREAK REFERENCE
      NM 006

      New Mexico
      Farm
      Curry County
      A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included mastitis. HPAI H5N1 clade 2.3.4.4b was detected in barn cats on the affected premises.​​
      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
      -Nelson Mandela

      Comment


      • #4
        No new NM dairy cow avian flu cases confirmed in weeks

        It’s still unknown how many cows and poultry have been affected.

        BY: DANIELLE PROKOP - MAY 15, 2024 12:59 PM

        ...
        New Mexico is still counting eight herds with confirmed positives of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza, all in Curry County, and no presumptive positive cases, state agriculture officials said Monday.

        “We do not have exact numbers of cows affected in each herd, but the average has been about 10%,” state veterinarian Samantha Uhrig said in a written response to questions.

        The state is unaware of any cow deaths that are directly attributed to avian flu, she added.

        Uhrig said the state will not name infected dairies and will only identify them at the county level.
        ...
        Despite surrounding states recording additional herds infected with avian flu in recent weeks, there’s no change for New Mexico dairy herds.


        ---------------------------------

        State officials not planning to test wastewater in New Mexico for avian flu
        ...
        BY: DANIELLE PROKOP - MAY 16, 2024 3:30 AM
        ...
        New Mexico health officials have no plans to implement further wastewater testing for H5N1, said State Public Health Veterinarian Erin Phipps with the Department of Health.

        New Mexico has not been asked to be involved in any wastewater-testing plans for avian flu at this point, Phipps said, “although I am aware of many conversations happening amongst many different entities about wastewater.”
        ...

        Experts around the country have called on officials to use wastewater testing for the avian influenza H5N1, New Mexico has no plans to do so.
        "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
        -Nelson Mandela

        Comment


        • #5
          United States of America - Influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity (Inf. with) (non-poultry including wild birds



          NEW OUTBREAKS

          OB_134753 - CURRY COUNTY​
          OUTBREAK REFERENCE
          -
          START DATE
          2024/05/17

          END DATE
          -
          DETAILED CHARACTERISATION
          -
          FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
          New Mexico

          SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
          Curry

          THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION

          EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT
          Not applicable

          LOCATION
          Curry County

          Latitude, Longitude
          34.402 , -103.194

          (Approximate location)

          OUTBREAKS IN CLUSTER
          -
          MEASURING UNIT
          Animal

          AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION
          Feral domestic cats (Felis catus). HPAI H5N1 clade 2.3.4.4b was detected in two feral cats that were found dead and submitted by a local veterinarian for testing due to affected HPAI dairies in the county. The location of these cats was not directly associated with a known HPAI affected dairy farm or poultry farm. SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Domestic cat (WILD)
          FeralNEW-22---TOTAL-22---

          METHOD OF DIAGNOSTIC
          Diagnostic test

          Comment


        • #6
          [There was a report with a start date of 3/20/24. The lattitude/longitude numbers are exactly the same as Lance's post #5 above]
          ]
          NM 001 (ob_134389)
          Curry
          Curry County
          Farm
          1
          2024/03/20​


          Outbreak details OUTBREAK REFERENCE


          NM 001 START DATE


          2024/03/20 END DATE


          - DETAILED CHARACTERISATION


          - FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION


          New Mexico SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION


          Curry THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION


          - EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT


          Farm LOCATION


          Curry County Latitude, Longitude


          34.403 , -103.195

          (Approximate location) OUTBREAKS IN CLUSTER


          - MEASURING UNIT


          Animal AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION


          A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production. HPAI H5N1 was detected in feral barn cats on the premises.​

          Comment


          • #7
            Detections of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Mammals

            Last Modified: May 29, 2024
            ...
            state county date_collected date_detected hpai_strain species
            ...
            New Mexico Curry 2024-03-20 2024-04-01 EA/AM H5N1 Domestic cat
            New Mexico Curry 2024-03-20 2024-04-01 EA/AM H5N1 Domestic cat
            New Mexico Curry 2024-03-19 2024-04-15 EA H5N1 Domestic cat
            New Mexico Curry 2024-04-17 2024-05-17 EA/AM H5N1 Domestic cat
            New Mexico Curry 2024-04-17 2024-05-17 EA/AM H5N1 Domestic cat

            ...

            View the latest information on detections of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in mammals.
            "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
            -Nelson Mandela

            Comment


            • #8
              USDA Adds House Mouse To Mammals Affected by H5N1




              #18,101

              Last week the USDA added domestic cats to their list of mammalian infections, and in today's update, they've added 11 infections of a new species Mus musculus (the common house mouse), all from a single county (Roosevelt) in New Mexico.



              While it is not surprising that mice are susceptible to H5N1, given past laboratory experiments (see NIH Assessing avian influenza in dairy milk), this is the first time they've been placed on the USDA's list.

              There are no details provided on where these mice were collected, or if they we're symptomatic, or even dead. While it seems likely these were barn mice at a dairy farm, it would be nice to have those details.


              In any event, the number of mammalian spillovers reported to the USDA continue to grow, and now sits a 259, spread across 22 species.



              Given the sparse surveillance, and the difficulty in locating and testing sick or dead animals in the wild, this is likely a huge under-counting of affected mammals.

                #18,101 Last week  the USDA added domestic cats to their list of mammalian infections , and in today's update, they've added 11 infectio...

              All medical discussions are for educational purposes. I am not a doctor, just a retired paramedic. Nothing I post should be construed as specific medical advice. If you have a medical problem, see your physician.

              Comment


              • Commonground
                Commonground commented
                Editing a comment
                This may explain the cats that are not affiliated with Dairy farms, getting infected with H5N1.

            • #9
              Detections of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Mammals

              Last Modified: June 04, 2024
              ...
              state county date_collected date_detected hpai_strain species

              New Mexico Valencia 02/01/2023 03/31/2023 EA/AM H5N1 Striped skunk
              New Mexico San Juan 03/10/2023 04/04/2023 EA/AM H5N1 Striped skunk
              New Mexico Curry 03/20/2024 04/01/2024 EA/AM H5N1 Domestic cat
              New Mexico Curry 03/20/2024 04/01/2024 EA/AM H5N1 Domestic cat
              New Mexico Curry 03/19/2024 04/15/2024 EA H5N1 Domestic cat
              New Mexico Curry 04/17/2024 05/17/2024 EA/AM H5N1 Domestic cat
              New Mexico Curry 04/17/2024 05/17/2024 EA/AM H5N1 Domestic cat
              New Mexico Roosevelt 05/08/2024 05/24/2024 EA H5N1 House mouse
              New Mexico Roosevelt 05/08/2024 05/24/2024 EA H5N1 House mouse
              New Mexico Roosevelt 05/08/2024 05/24/2024 EA H5N1 House mouse
              New Mexico Roosevelt 05/08/2024 05/24/2024 EA H5N1 House mouse
              New Mexico Roosevelt 05/08/2024 05/24/2024 EA H5N1 House mouse
              New Mexico Roosevelt 05/08/2024 05/24/2024 EA H5N1 House mouse
              New Mexico Roosevelt 05/08/2024 05/24/2024 EA H5N1 House mouse
              New Mexico Roosevelt 05/09/2024 05/24/2024 EA H5N1 House mouse
              New Mexico Roosevelt 05/09/2024 05/24/2024 EA H5N1 House mouse
              New Mexico Roosevelt 05/09/2024 05/24/2024 EA H5N1 House mouse
              New Mexico Roosevelt 05/07/2024 05/24/2024 EA H5N1 House mouse
              New Mexico Roosevelt 05/06/2024 06/03/2024 EA/AM H5N1 Red fox


              View the latest information on detections of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in mammals.
              "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
              -Nelson Mandela

              Comment


              • #10
                Please also see:

                New Mexico - Avian influenza in wild birds 2024

                New Mexico - Avian influenza in poultry 2024

                Comment


                • #11
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                  Comment


                  • #12
                    Detections of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Mammals

                    Last Modified: June 11, 2024
                    ...
                    state county date_collected date_detected hpai_strain species
                    ...
                    New Mexico San Juan 2023-03-10 2023-04-04 EA/AM H5N1 Striped skunk
                    New Mexico Curry 2024-03-20 2024-04-01 EA/AM H5N1 Domestic cat
                    New Mexico Curry 2024-03-20 2024-04-01 EA/AM H5N1 Domestic cat
                    New Mexico Curry 2024-03-19 2024-04-15 EA H5N1 Domestic cat
                    New Mexico Curry 2024-04-17 2024-05-17 EA/AM H5N1 Domestic cat
                    New Mexico Curry 2024-04-17 2024-05-17 EA/AM H5N1 Domestic cat
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-08 2024-05-24 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-08 2024-05-24 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-08 2024-05-24 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-08 2024-05-24 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-08 2024-05-24 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-08 2024-05-24 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-08 2024-05-24 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-09 2024-05-24 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-09 2024-05-24 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-09 2024-05-24 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-07 2024-05-24 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-06 2024-06-03 EA/AM H5N1 Red fox
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-07 2024-06-03 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-12 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-12 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-12 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-12 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-12 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-12 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-12 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-12 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-12 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-12 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-11 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-11 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-11 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-11 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-11 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-11 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-11 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-11 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-11 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-11 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-11 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-11 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-11 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-10 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-10 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-10 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-10 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-10 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-10 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-10 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-10 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-10 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-10 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-10 2024-05-31 EA H5N1 House mouse
                    New Mexico Roosevelt 2024-05-06 2024-06-05 EA H5N1 House mouse


                    View the latest information on detections of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in mammals.
                    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                    -Nelson Mandela

                    Comment


                    • #13
                      USDA Adds An Additional 19 Mice To HPAI Detections in Mammals List (n=66)






                      #18,133


                      Two weeks ago the USDA added a new species - the common house mouse (Mus musculus) - to their list of mammals with HPAI H5N1. On June 4th they posted the first 11 detections, all in Roosevelt County, New Mexico. Last Tuesday they added 36 more.

                      While no details were provided as to how or where these mice were sampled, last week a WOAH WAHIS dashboard carried a report stating that `Wild house mice (Mus musculus) and wild red fox (Vulpes vulpes) collected from an HPAI affected poultry premises.'




                      For the 3rd Tuesday running the USDA has updated their list by adding 19 more mice, all presumably from the same location (see list below).




                      Among the unknowns, we don't know if all of these mice were found dead, or if some (or all) were live-trapped. We don't know how widespread they might be on the farm, or whether some were captured outside of the poultry houses.

                      We don't even know if this is the same B3.13 clade that has affected cattle, or if they display any genetic changes of note.



                      The lack of detail from the USDA is particularly frustrating, as this is an unusually large (and growing) number of detections in a mammalian species that - until two weeks ago - had never been listed.

                      More detailed answers are eagerly awaited.

                      https://afludiary.blogspot.com/2024/...e-to-hpai.html
                      All medical discussions are for educational purposes. I am not a doctor, just a retired paramedic. Nothing I post should be construed as specific medical advice. If you have a medical problem, see your physician.

                      Comment

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