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Japan temporarily bans poultry meat etc. from Minnesota due to outbreak of LP H5N2 on turkey farm - October 23, 2018

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  • Japan temporarily bans poultry meat etc. from Minnesota due to outbreak of LP H5N2 on turkey farm - October 23, 2018

    About temporary measures to suspend import of poultry meat, poultry meat etc. from Minnesota State, USA

    • printing

    Ministry of Agriculture , Forestry and Fisheries October 23, Heisei 30

    The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries today took measures to temporarily suspend imports of live poultry, poultry meat, etc. from the state of Minnesota in the United States of America (hereinafter referred to as the "US"). 1. Background

    Today (Tuesday, October 23, Heisei 30), the US government reported that the occurrence of low-pathogenic avian influenza (H5N2 subtype) was confirmed on the turkey farm in Minnesota State, USA. 2. Supported

    Today, we temporarily suspended imports of living poultry, poultry meat, etc from the state of Minnesota, the United States, in order to take all possible precautions to prevent invasion of the same disease into our country .

    【Living housekeeping】
    whole area of ​​Minnesota

    【poultry flesh etc】
    Area within 10km radius from the place of occurrence in Minnesota State

    * It is not possible to stop domestic poultry, poultry meat etc. living in the originating country, It is to prevent the living poultry raised in the virus from infecting the virus, not for food hygiene.

    (Reference) Import results of live poultry, poultry meat etc. from the United States
    2015 2016 2017
    Live chicken's chick (feather) 81, 161 168, 316 121, 527
    (Japan's total import volume) (487, 461) (557, 941) (402, 169)
    Fish meat etc (tons) 24, 128 22,499 22,788
    (Japan's total import volume) (947, 399) (985, 915) (1,068,322)
    Poultry egg (ton) 7,492 8,537 11, 467
    (Japan's total import volume) (26, 905) (24, 753) (26, 607)
    Source: Ministry of Finance "Trade Statistics"

    According to statistics released by the US Department of Agriculture (2017) (2017), the proportion of Minnesota state to total production in the United States is about 0.6% for broilers, about 0.6% for eggs 3.3%.


    http://www.maff.go.jp/j/press/syouan/douei/181023.html

  • #2
    Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry),
    United States of America
    Information received on 22/10/2018 from Dr John Clifford, Official Delegate, Chief Trade Advisor, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, United States of America
    Summary
    Report type Immediate notification
    Date of start of the event 19/10/2018
    Date of confirmation of the event 20/10/2018
    Report date 22/10/2018
    Date submitted to OIE 22/10/2018
    Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence 2018
    Manifestation of disease Sub-clinical infection
    Causal agent Low pathogenic avian influenza virus
    Serotype H5N2
    Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
    This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    New outbreaks (1)
    Outbreak 1 Kandiyohi County, Kandiyohi, Minnesota
    Date of start of the outbreak 19/10/2018
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 40000
    Affected population Commercial meat-type turkey flock
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 40000 **
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Birds ** ** ** **
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    **Not calculated because of missing information
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    Epidemiological comments Following the 2015 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) outbreak that occurred in central Minnesota, increased surveillance has been implemented during the spring and fall months. This routine surveillance detected a low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H5N2 in a commercial meat-type turkey flock. The flock was healthy and not showing any clinical signs of AI. Partial HA/NA sequencing determined the H5 and N2 to be a low pathogenic virus of North American wild bird lineage. Further characterization is pending virus recovery. The Minnesota Board of Animal Health (BAH) and USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) are conducting an epidemiological investigation of the event and have increased surveillance in the area as a result of this detection. State officials have quarantined the affected premises and implemented movement controls. Turkeys from this premises will be depopulated through controlled marketing.
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Movement control inside the country
    • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
    • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
    • Quarantine
    • Zoning
    • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • Disinfection
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    Minnesota Poultry Testing Laboratory (Local laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 19/10/2018 Positive
    National Veterinary Services Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 20/10/2018 Positive
    National Veterinary Services Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds virus isolation Pending
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...
    http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=28360
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

    Comment


    • #3
      Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry),
      United States of America
      Information received on 02/11/2018 from Dr Jack Shere, Deputy Administrator Chief Veterinary Office r, USDA-APHISVeterinary Services, USA United States Department of Agriculture, WASHINGTON, United States of America
      Summary
      Report type Follow-up report No. 1
      Date of start of the event 19/10/2018
      Date of confirmation of the event 20/10/2018
      Report date 02/11/2018
      Date submitted to OIE 02/11/2018
      Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
      Date of previous occurrence 2018
      Manifestation of disease Sub-clinical infection
      Causal agent Low pathogenic avian influenza virus
      Serotype H5N2
      Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
      This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
      Related reports Immediate notification (22/10/2018)
      Follow-up report No. 1 (02/11/2018)
      New outbreaks (1)
      Outbreak 1 Stearns County, Stearns , Minnesota
      Date of start of the outbreak 30/10/2018
      Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      Epidemiological unit Farm
      Affected animals
      Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
      Birds 34450
      Affected population Commercial meat-type turkey flock
      Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
      Total animals affected
      Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
      Birds 34450 **
      Outbreak statistics
      Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
      Birds ** ** ** **
      *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
      **Not calculated because of missing information
      Epidemiology
      Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Unknown or inconclusive
      Epidemiological comments November 2, 2018 update: ? As part of the pre-slaughter testing and surveillance program for H5/H7 Avian Influenza, H5N2 low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) was detected in a commercial meat-type turkey flock about 60 miles southwest of the initial detection. Partial HA/NA sequencing determined the H5 and N2 to be a low pathogenic virus of North American wild bird lineage and consistent with the index premises infection. ? Full sequencing of the virus from the index premises showed all gene segments are consistent with North American wild bird lineage H5N2 low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) virus. ? The Minnesota Board of Animal Health (BAH) and USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) are conducting an epidemiological investigation of the events and have increased surveillance as a result of these detections. State officials have quarantined the affected premises and implemented movement controls. Turkeys from both premises will be depopulated through controlled marketing.
      Control measures
      Measures applied
      • Movement control inside the country
      • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
      • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
      • Quarantine
      • Zoning
      • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
      • No treatment of affected animals
      Measures to be applied
      • Disinfection
      Diagnostic test results
      Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
      Minnesota Poultry Testing Laboratory (Local laboratory) Birds agar-gel precipitation (AGP) test 30/10/2018 Positive
      Minnesota Poultry Testing Laboratory (Local laboratory) Birds enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) 30/10/2018 Positive
      Minnesota Poultry Testing Laboratory (Local laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 30/10/2018 Positive
      National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL) (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 31/10/2018 Positive
      National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL) (National laboratory) Birds virus isolation 26/10/2018 Positive
      Future Reporting
      The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
      ...
      http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=28478
      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
      -Nelson Mandela

      Comment


      • #4
        Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry),
        United States of America
        Information received on 08/11/2018 from Dr Jack Shere, Deputy Administrator Chief Veterinary Office r, USDA-APHISVeterinary Services, USA United States Department of Agriculture, WASHINGTON, United States of America
        Summary
        Report type Follow-up report No. 2
        Date of start of the event 19/10/2018
        Date of confirmation of the event 20/10/2018
        Report date 08/11/2018
        Date submitted to OIE 08/11/2018
        Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
        Date of previous occurrence 2018
        Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
        Causal agent Low pathogenic avian influenza virus
        Serotype H5N2
        Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
        This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
        Related reports Immediate notification (22/10/2018)
        Follow-up report No. 1 (02/11/2018)
        Follow-up report No. 2 (08/11/2018)
        New outbreaks (4)
        Outbreak 1 (S4) Stearns County, Stearns, Minnesota
        Date of start of the outbreak 23/10/2018
        Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        Epidemiological unit Farm
        Affected animals
        Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
        Birds 43000
        Affected population Commercial meat-type turkey flock
        Outbreak 2 (S2) Stearns County, Stearns, Minnesota
        Date of start of the outbreak 31/10/2018
        Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        Epidemiological unit Farm
        Affected animals
        Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
        Birds 24000
        Affected population Commercial meat-type turkey flock
        Outbreak 3 (K2) Kandiyohi County, Kandiyohi, Minnesota
        Date of start of the outbreak 31/10/2018
        Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        Epidemiological unit Farm
        Affected animals
        Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
        Birds 50000
        Affected population Commercial meat-type turkey flock
        Outbreak 4 (S3) Stearns County, Stearns, Minnesota
        Date of start of the outbreak 01/11/2018
        Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        Epidemiological unit Farm
        Affected animals
        Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
        Birds 61000
        Affected population Commercial meat-type turkey flock
        Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 4
        Total animals affected
        Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
        Birds 178000 **
        Outbreak statistics
        Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        Birds ** ** ** **
        *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
        **Not calculated because of missing information
        Epidemiology
        Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
        • Unknown or inconclusive
        Epidemiological comments November 8, 2018 update: ? The Minnesota Board of Animal Health (BAH) and USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) are conducting an epidemiological investigation of the events and have increased surveillance as a result of these detections. State officials have quarantined the affected premises and implemented movement controls. Turkeys from all infected premises will be depopulated through controlled marketing. ? Increased surveillance detected H5N2 low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) in four additional commercial meat-type turkey flocks within the control areas. North American H5N2 low pathogenicity avian influenza of wild bird lineage was determined from partial HA/NA sequencing and is consistent with the index premises infection. ? Full sequencing of the virus from the index premises showed all gene segments are consistent with North American wild bird lineage H5N2 low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) virus.
        Control measures
        Measures applied
        • Movement control inside the country
        • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
        • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
        • Quarantine
        • Zoning
        • Vaccination prohibited
        • No treatment of affected animals
        Measures to be applied
        • Disinfection
        Diagnostic test results
        Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
        Minnesota Poultry Testing Laboratory (Local laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 01/11/2018 Positive
        Minnesota Poultry Testing Laboratory (Local laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 02/11/2018 Positive
        Minnesota Poultry Testing Laboratory (Local laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 03/11/2018 Positive
        National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL) (National laboratory) Birds nucleotide sequencing 02/11/2018 Positive
        National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL) (National laboratory) Birds nucleotide sequencing 05/11/2018 Positive
        National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL) (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 02/11/2018 Positive
        National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL) (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 05/11/2018 Positive
        Future Reporting
        The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
        ...
        http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=28584
        "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
        -Nelson Mandela

        Comment


        • #5
          Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry),
          United States of America
          Information received on 15/11/2018 from Dr Jack Shere, Deputy Administrator Chief Veterinary Office r, USDA-APHISVeterinary Services, USA United States Department of Agriculture, WASHINGTON, United States of America
          Summary
          Report type Follow-up report No. 3
          Date of start of the event 19/10/2018
          Date of confirmation of the event 20/10/2018
          Report date 15/11/2018
          Date submitted to OIE 15/11/2018
          Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
          Date of previous occurrence 2018
          Manifestation of disease Sub-clinical infection
          Causal agent Low pathogenic avian influenza virus
          Serotype H5N2
          Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
          This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
          Related reports Immediate notification (22/10/2018)
          Follow-up report No. 1 (02/11/2018)
          Follow-up report No. 2 (08/11/2018)
          Follow-up report No. 3 (15/11/2018)
          New outbreaks (1)
          Outbreak 1 (K3) Kandiyohi County, Kandiyohi, Minnesota
          Date of start of the outbreak 12/11/2018
          Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
          Epidemiological unit Farm
          Affected animals
          Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
          Birds 89600
          Affected population Commercial meat-type turkey flock
          Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
          Total animals affected
          Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
          Birds 89600 **
          Outbreak statistics
          Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
          Birds ** ** ** **
          *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          **Not calculated because of missing information
          Epidemiology
          Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
          • Unknown or inconclusive
          Epidemiological comments November 15, 2018 update: ? The Minnesota Board of Animal Health (BAH) and USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) are conducting an epidemiological investigation of the events and have increased surveillance as a result of these detections. State officials have quarantined the affected premises and implemented movement controls. Turkeys from all infected premises will be depopulated through controlled marketing. ? Increased surveillance detected H5N2 low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) in one additional commercial meat-type turkey flock within the control areas. ? For all confirmed cases, partial HA and NA sequence are consistent with H5N2 LPAIV of North American wild bird lineage. Full sequencing of the virus from the index premises showed all gene segments are consistent with North American wild bird lineage H5N2 low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) virus.
          Control measures
          Measures applied
          • Movement control inside the country
          • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
          • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
          • Quarantine
          • Zoning
          • Vaccination prohibited
          • No treatment of affected animals
          Measures to be applied
          • Disinfection
          Diagnostic test results
          Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
          Minnesota Poultry Testing Laboratory (Local laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 12/11/2018 Positive
          National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL) (National laboratory) Birds nucleotide sequencing 13/11/2018 Positive
          National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL) (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 13/11/2018 Positive
          Future Reporting
          The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
          ...
          http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=28648
          "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
          -Nelson Mandela

          Comment


          • #6
            Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry),
            United States of America
            Information received on 28/11/2018 from Dr Jack Shere, Deputy Administrator Chief Veterinary Office r, USDA-APHISVeterinary Services, USA United States Department of Agriculture, WASHINGTON, United States of America
            Summary
            Report type Follow-up report No. 4
            Date of start of the event 19/10/2018
            Date of confirmation of the event 20/10/2018
            Report date 28/11/2018
            Date submitted to OIE 28/11/2018
            Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
            Date of previous occurrence 2018
            Manifestation of disease Sub-clinical infection
            Causal agent Low pathogenic avian influenza virus
            Serotype H5N2
            Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
            This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
            Related reports Immediate notification (22/10/2018)
            Follow-up report No. 1 (02/11/2018)
            Follow-up report No. 2 (08/11/2018)
            Follow-up report No. 3 (15/11/2018)
            Follow-up report No. 4 (28/11/2018)
            New outbreaks (1)
            Outbreak 1 (K4) Kandiyohi County, Kandiyohi, Minnesota
            Date of start of the outbreak 13/11/2018
            Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
            Epidemiological unit Farm
            Affected animals
            Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
            Birds 40000
            Affected population Commercial meat-type turkey flock
            Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
            Total animals affected
            Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
            Birds 40000 **
            Outbreak statistics
            Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
            Birds ** ** ** **
            *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
            **Not calculated because of missing information
            Epidemiology
            Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
            • Unknown or inconclusive
            Epidemiological comments November 28, 2018 update: ? The Minnesota Board of Animal Health (BAH) and USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) are conducting an epidemiological investigation of the events and have increased surveillance as a result of these detections. State officials have quarantined the affected premises and implemented movement controls. Turkeys from all infected premises will be depopulated through controlled marketing. ? Increased surveillance detected H5N2 low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) in one additional commercial meat-type turkey flock within the control areas. ? For all confirmed cases, partial HA and NA sequence are consistent with H5N2 LPAIV of North American wild bird lineage. Full sequencing of the virus from the index premises showed all gene segments are consistent with North American wild bird lineage H5N2 low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) virus.
            Control measures
            Measures applied
            • Movement control inside the country
            • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
            • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
            • Quarantine
            • Zoning
            • Vaccination prohibited
            • No treatment of affected animals
            Measures to be applied
            • Disinfection
            Diagnostic test results
            Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
            Minnesota Poultry Testing Laboratory (Local laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 12/11/2018 Positive
            National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL) (National laboratory) Birds nucleotide sequencing 13/11/2018 Positive
            National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL) (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 13/11/2018 Positive
            Future Reporting
            The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
            ...
            http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=28735
            "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
            -Nelson Mandela

            Comment

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