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Idaho - Avian flu in mammals and livestock 2024

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  • Idaho - Avian flu in mammals and livestock 2024


    Dairy cows.

    Please see: Dairy cows test positive for H5N1 avian flu in Texas, Kansas, Idaho, Michigan, New Mexico, Ohio, North Carolina, South Dakota - March 24+ One Texas human case April 1


  • #2
    United States of America - Influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity (Inf. with) (non-poultry including wild birds) (2017-) - Follow up report 48


    GENERAL INFORMATION

    COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
    ZONE

    ANIMAL TYPE
    TERRESTRIAL

    DISEASE CATEGORY
    Listed disease

    EVENT ID
    4451

    DISEASE
    Influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity (Inf. with) (non-poultry including wild birds) (2017-)

    CAUSAL AGENT
    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

    GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
    H5N1

    START DATE
    2022/03/30

    REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
    Unusual host species

    DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE- CONFIRMATION DATE
    2022/05/05

    EVENT STATUS
    On-going

    END DATE- SELF-DECLARATION

    NO REPORT INFORMATION

    REPORT NUMBER
    Follow-up report 48

    REPORT ID
    FUR_167043

    REPORT REFERENCE- REPORT DATE
    2024/04/26

    REPORT STATUS
    Validated

    NO EVOLUTION REPORT

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
    • Contact with wild species
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
    Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 Eurasian lineage goose/Guangdong clade 2.3.4.4b has been confirmed in samples from dairy cattle in Idaho (ID), Kansas (KS), Michigan (MI), New Mexico (NM), North Carolina (NC), Ohio (OH), South Dakota (SD) and Texas (TX). Updates to the detections of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in livestock can be found at: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/livestock...ions/livestock. On 24 April 2024, The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), United States Department of Agriculture issued a federal order requiring pre-movement testing and reporting of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in livestock. Wildlife detections unrelated to dairy cattle detections are reported in Vermont (VT) and California (CA).

    QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY

    MEASURING UNIT
    Animal

    SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Coyote (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1-1-- Cats (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL-714-- Virginia Opossum (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-431-- Domestic cat (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-611-- Goats (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL16555--- Gray Seal (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Bobcat (WILD)NEW-1----TOTAL-852-- Mephitidae (unidentified) (WILD)NEW-1----TOTAL-1---- Striped Skunk (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-422714-- American Mink (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1---- Tiger (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Harbor Seal (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-21192-- Racoon (Northern raccoon) (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1754-- Puma (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-2222--- Bottlenose dolphin (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- American Black Bear (black bear) (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-413-- Brown bear (Grizzly Bear) (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-431-- Polar Bear (WILD)NEW------TOTAL--1--- Red Fox (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-864819-- Amur Leopard (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Fisher (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-321-- North American river otter (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- American marten (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Abert's squirrel (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1---- Bovine (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL-90000 All speciesNEW-2----TOTAL1652481495300

    DIAGNOSTIC DETAILS

    CLINICAL SIGNS
    YES

    METHOD OF DIAGNOSTIC
    Clinical, Diagnostic test
    Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL), Ames, Iowa Bobcat,Domestic cat,Fisher,Brown bear (Grizzly Bear),Cats,American Black Bear (black bear),Gray Seal,Red Fox,North American river otter,Racoon (Northern raccoon),Tiger,Harbor Seal,Puma,American marten,Bottlenose dolphin,Virginia Opossum,Amur Leopard,Coyote,Striped Skunk,Mephitidae (unidentified),Abert's squirrel,Goats,Polar Bear,American Mink,Bovine 212 2022/05/05 2024/04/19 Positive



    NEW OUTBREAKS

    OB_134221 - TX 006 - LAMB COUNTY
    OB_134222 - MI 006 - IONIA COUNTY
    OB_134223 - ID 002 - CASSIA COUNTY
    OB_134242 - SACRAMENTO COUNTY
    OB_134220 - ADDISON COUNTY​

    Comment


    • #3
      from above report in Idaho


      OB_134223 - ID 002 - CASSIA COUNTY

      OUTBREAK REFERENCE


      ID 002

      START DATE


      2024/04/01

      END DATE


      - DETAILED CHARACTERISATION


      - FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION


      Idaho

      SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION


      Cassia

      THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION


      - EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT


      Farm LOCATION


      Cassia County Latitude, Longitude


      42.535 , -113.792

      (Approximate location) OUTBREAKS IN CLUSTER


      - MEASURING UNIT


      Animal

      AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION


      A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included decreased feed intake and decreased milk production. SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Bovine (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL------


      METHOD OF DIAGNOSTIC


      Diagnostic test, Clinical

      CONTROL MEASURES DIFFERENT FROM EVENT LEVEL


      MEASURES NOT IMPLEMENTED

      Comment


      • #4
        Confirmed Cases of HPAI in Domestic Livestock

        *Data updated weekdays by 4 pm ET.
        ...
        State Species Date confirmed by NVSL

        Excerpt:

        Idaho Dairy Milking Cattle 5/7/2024
        Idaho Dairy Milking Cattle 4/19/2024
        Idaho Dairy Milking Cattle 4/1/2024



        --------------------------------------------------------

        Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Detected in Idaho Cattle

        The Idaho State Department of Agriculture (ISDA), has confirmed highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in three Cassia County dairy cattle operations. Additionally, there are two presumptive positive herds in Jerome County.

        These are the only confirmed cases of HPAI in dairy cattle operations in Idaho. It is suggested the virus is transmitted from cow-to-cow, in addition to reports indicating cattle acquire the virus from infected birds. The primary concern with an HPAI diagnosis in dairy cattle is on-dairy production losses, as the disease has been associated with decreased milk production.

        Symptoms of HPAI in cattle include:
          • Drop in milk production
          • Loss of appetite
          • Changes in manure consistency
          • Thickened or colostrum-like milk
          • Low-grade fever


        ISDA Response

        For decades, Idaho has worked diligently to implement industry-driven programs that mitigate the transmission of diseases that cause on-farm economic losses. ISDA’s response to the detection of HPAI in cattle aligns with standard ISDA animal disease detection procedure.

        A quarantine is issued for any HPAI positive dairy facility which prohibits movement of livestock on or off the infected premises without written authorization from ISDA. ISDA continually monitors the health and wellness of dairy cattle on any affected dairy premises. These are open cases, ISDA is continuing to investigate via additional sampling.

        The infected cattle are quarantined from the rest of the herd on the facilities. Pasteurized milk from affected cows does not present a human health concern, and the cows on the dairy will continue to produce milk and all animals will be cared for normally.

        This is an evolving situation, and additional updates will be provided by ISDA as they become available.

        View cattle import requirements here.

        What Livestock Producers Can Do
          • Enhance biosecurity measures (see below information below).
          • Closely monitor your herd for the following symptoms:
            • Fever
            • Lethargy
            • Loss of appetite
            • Constipation
            • Thickened or colostrum-like milk
            • Decreased milk production
        If your cattle appear to be infected:
        1. Contact your local veterinarian immediately.
        2. After talking with your veterinarian, fill out the HPAI Livestock Screen.
        3. Once the screen is submitted, an ISDA veterinarian will review the screen to determine if ISDA assistance is needed. Direct assistance from ISDA will be dependent on the severity and size of the herd as well as the availability of ISDA veterinarians.
        Biosecurity Resources

        Internal and External Biosecurity Practices on Cattle Operations

        Enhanced Biosecurity Prep Guide

        Cleaning and Disinfection Biosecurity Tips

        Vehicles and Equipment

        Isolation and Quarantine Tip Sheet

        Prevent Avian Influenza at Your Farm: Improve Your Biosecurity with Simple Wildlife Practices

        APHIS Recommendations for Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza

        CDC Public Health Recommendation

        Consumer Health

        At this stage, there is no concern about the safety of the commercial milk supply or that this circumstance poses a risk to consumer health. The pasteurization process of heating milk to a high temperature ensures milk and dairy products can be safely consumed, as confirmed by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Pasteurization has continually proven to successfully inactivate bacteria and viruses, like influenza, in milk. Dairies are also required to only allow milk from healthy animals to enter the food supply chain.

        General Questions

        Animal.Information@isda.idaho.gov

        (208) 332-8540

        Media Inquiries

        Sydney Kennedy

        media@isda.idaho.gov

        (208) 332-8507

        Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Detected in Idaho Cattle The Idaho State Department of Agriculture (ISDA), has confirmed highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in eight dairy cattle operations including; Minidoka, Cassia, and Jerome Counties. These are the only confirmed cases of HPAI in dairy cattle operations in Idaho. It is suggested the virus is transmitted from cow-to-cow,

        "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
        -Nelson Mandela

        Comment


        • #5
          Hat tip Lance

          United States of America - Influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity (Inf. with) (non-poultry including wild birds) (2017-) - Follow up report 50

          Excerpt:

          OB_134528 - ID 003 - CASSIA COUNTY
          Idaho
          Cassia County
          Farm
          A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production.


          "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
          -Nelson Mandela

          Comment


          • #6
            NEW OUTBREAKS

            OB_134528 - ID 003 - CASSIA COUNTY

            OUTBREAK REFERENCE
            ID 003

            START DATE
            2024/04/21

            END DATE

            DETAILED CHARACTERISATION


            FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
            Idaho

            SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
            Cassia

            THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION

            EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT
            Farm

            LOCATION
            Cassia County

            Latitude, Longitude
            42.534 , -113.791

            (Approximate location)

            OUTBREAKS IN CLUSTER


            MEASURING UNIT
            Animal

            AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION
            A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production. SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Bovine (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL------

            Comment


            • #7
              HPAI Detection in Cattle Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Detected in Idaho Cattle

              The Idaho State Department of Agriculture (ISDA), has confirmed highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in five Cassia County and Jerome County dairy cattle operations.

              These are the only confirmed cases of HPAI in dairy cattle operations in Idaho. It is suggested the virus is transmitted from cow-to-cow, in addition to reports indicating cattle acquire the virus from infected birds. The primary concern with an HPAI diagnosis in dairy cattle is on-dairy production losses, as the disease has been associated with decreased milk production.


              Symptoms of HPAI in cattle include:
                • Drop in milk production
                • Loss of appetite
                • Changes in manure consistency
                • Thickened or colostrum-like milk
                • Low-grade fever


              ISDA Response

              For decades, Idaho has worked diligently to implement industry-driven programs that mitigate the transmission of diseases that cause on-farm economic losses. ISDA’s response to the detection of HPAI in cattle aligns with standard ISDA animal disease detection procedure.

              A quarantine is issued for any HPAI positive dairy facility which prohibits movement of livestock on or off the infected premises without written authorization from ISDA. ISDA continually monitors the health and wellness of dairy cattle on any affected dairy premises. These are open cases, ISDA is continuing to investigate via additional sampling.

              The infected cattle are quarantined from the rest of the herd on the facilities. Pasteurized milk from affected cows does not present a human health concern, and the cows on the dairy will continue to produce milk and all animals will be cared for normally.

              This is an evolving situation, and additional updates will be provided by ISDA as they become available.

              View cattle import requirements here.

              What Livestock Producers Can Do
                • Enhance biosecurity measures (see below information below).
                • Closely monitor your herd for the following symptoms:
                  • Fever
                  • Lethargy
                  • Loss of appetite
                  • Constipation
                  • Thickened or colostrum-like milk
                  • Decreased milk production

              If your cattle appear to be infected:
              1. Contact your local veterinarian immediately.
              2. After talking with your veterinarian, fill out the HPAI Livestock Screen.
              3. Once the screen is submitted, an ISDA veterinarian will review the screen to determine if ISDA assistance is needed. Direct assistance from ISDA will be dependent on the severity and size of the herd as well as the availability of ISDA veterinarians.
              ​...

              Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Detected in Idaho Cattle The Idaho State Department of Agriculture (ISDA), has confirmed highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in eight dairy cattle operations including; Minidoka, Cassia, and Jerome Counties. These are the only confirmed cases of HPAI in dairy cattle operations in Idaho. It is suggested the virus is transmitted from cow-to-cow,
              "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
              -Nelson Mandela

              Comment


              • #8
                ​Confirmed Cases of HPAI in Domestic Livestock

                *Data updated weekdays by 4 pm ET.
                ...
                State Species Date confirmed by NVSL

                Idaho Dairy Milking Cattle 5/16/2024
                Idaho Dairy Milking Cattle 5/14/2024
                Idaho Dairy Milking Cattle 5/11/2024
                Idaho Dairy Milking Cattle 5/7/2024
                Idaho Dairy Milking Cattle 4/19/2024
                Idaho Dairy Milking Cattle 4/1/2024


                "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                -Nelson Mandela

                Comment


                • #9
                  NEW OUTBREAKS

                  OB_134663 - ID 005 - JEROME COUNTY

                  OUTBREAK REFERENCE
                  ID 005

                  START DATE
                  2024/05/08

                  END DATE

                  DETAILED CHARACTERISATION

                  FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
                  Idaho

                  SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
                  Jerome

                  THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION

                  EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT
                  Farm

                  LOCATION
                  Jerome County

                  Latitude, Longitude
                  42.727 , -114.516

                  OUTBREAKS IN CLUSTER

                  MEASURING UNIT
                  Animal

                  AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION
                  A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production. SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Bovine (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL------

                  METHOD OF DIAGNOSTIC
                  Clinical, Diagnostic test



                  OB_134662 - ID 004 - JEROME COUNTY

                  OUTBREAK REFERENCE
                  ID 004

                  START DATE
                  2024/05/05

                  END DATE

                  DETAILED CHARACTERISATION

                  FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
                  Idaho

                  SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
                  Jerome

                  THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION

                  EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT
                  Farm

                  LOCATION
                  Jerome County

                  Latitude, Longitude
                  42.727 , -114.517

                  (Approximate location)

                  OUTBREAKS IN CLUSTER

                  MEASURING UNIT
                  Animal

                  AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION
                  A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production, mastitis, decrease in feed intake and abnormal manure. SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Bovine (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL------

                  METHOD OF DIAGNOSTIC

                  Clinical, Diagnostic test


                  https://wahis.woah.org/#/in-review/4451

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Detected in Idaho Cattle

                    The Idaho State Department of Agriculture (ISDA), has confirmed highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in eight dairy cattle operations including; Minidoka, Cassia, and Jerome Counties.

                    These are the only confirmed cases of HPAI in dairy cattle operations in Idaho. It is suggested the virus is transmitted from cow-to-cow, in addition to reports indicating cattle acquire the virus from infected birds. The primary concern with an HPAI diagnosis in dairy cattle is on-dairy production losses, as the disease has been associated with decreased milk production.

                    ...'
                    Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Detected in Idaho Cattle The Idaho State Department of Agriculture (ISDA), has confirmed highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in eight dairy cattle operations including; Minidoka, Cassia, and Jerome Counties. These are the only confirmed cases of HPAI in dairy cattle operations in Idaho. It is suggested the virus is transmitted from cow-to-cow,

                    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                    -Nelson Mandela

                    Comment

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