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Peru declares alert over suspected Guillain-Barre outbreak

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  • Peru declares alert over suspected Guillain-Barre outbreak

    Peru declares alert over suspected Guillain-Barre outbreak

    by Reuters
    Wednesday, 9 May 2018 15:52 GMT

    LIMA, May 9 (Reuters) - Peru has declared a national epidemiological alert to contain what appears to be an outbreak of the rare Guillain-Barre syndrome, which is associated with the Zika virus, the country's health ministry said on Wednesday.

    Health authorities suspect more than 19 cases of the syndrome in Peru and have warned hospitals to watch for symptoms in other people, the ministry said in a statement. It added that the suspected cases will be confirmed in the coming days.
    ...
    Four of the patients who are suspected to have the syndrome in Peru need respirators to support their breathing, the ministry said.
    ...
    There were some 500 confirmed cases and 5,269 suspected cases of Zika in Peru last year, up from a combined total of 1,651 suspected and confirmed cases in 2016, according to health ministry data.
    ...

    http://news.trust.org//item/20180509155325-5bm0i/

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Translation Google

    Hospitals in the country on alert for Guillain Barré Syndrome

    Minsa intensifies epidemiological surveillance in all healthcare establishments to detect new cases early

    Tuesday, May 8, 2018

    Faced with the outbreak of more than 15 suspected cases of Guillain Barré Syndrome in La Libertad and 4 in Lima, the Ministry of Health (MINSA) declared the national epidemiological alert, so that all health care facilities in the country strengthen their surveillance actions and biosecurity in their services, so that if other similar cases arise, they immediately notify the National Health System.

    The Deputy Minister of Public Health of the Minsa, María del Carmen Calle, said that from the outset your Sector took the necessary actions to timely address patients who have symptoms related to Guillain Barré syndrome, as well as to initiate scientific research that they can establish an accurate diagnosis of the cases presented in recent weeks.

    In a press conference, Vice Minister Calle, said that patients with symptoms compatible with this immune disease have been receiving the appropriate treatment based on the immunoglobulin drug supply, only 4 people receive assisted breathing, he said.

    To date, laboratory studies performed on samples of secretions, blood, feces and urine, identified a probable type of enterovirus, which attacks the intestine fecal route and enters through the mouth or respiratory system for lack of hygiene after going to the bathroom . This microorganism usually produces symptoms such as colds, vomiting, diarrhea and often ascending and descending pains in the extremities.

    For his part, the head of the National Institute of Health (INS), Hans Vásquez, explained that his institution has detected in a preliminary way the presence of an enterovirus in samples of cerebrospinal fluid secretion and feces of patients with neurological problems and "in the next days it is expected to have the exact identification after a genotyping process of some additional tests that are being carried out ".

    Washing hands continuously

    In turn, the director of the National Center for Epidemiology, Prevention and Control of Minisa Diseases, Luis Suarez, called for strengthening hygiene measures in homes by performing a proper and continuous hand washing especially after using the toilet. "Before eating, you should use gel in alcohol and mothers should wash their hands before and after preparing food," he recommended.

    Later, Dr. María del Carmen Calle, reported that if a person has symptoms of muscle weakness should go to the facility. "The evolution is favorable in most cases, so it is important to have an early diagnosis," he added.

    In addition, he noted that this disease is more common in adult males who may have other symptoms such as tingling and lack of strength in the muscles.

    The lethality is around 3% to 5%, a small fraction that is related to the beginning of the early treatment, so you should go immediately to the health center. If the treatment is delayed several weeks, it is more complicated, because it can affect the nervous system and compromise the respiratory muscles.

    Datum:

    . The presence of Guillain Barré Syndrome is sporadic and can occur anywhere in the world, with a low casuistry of 1 case per 100 thousand inhabitants during the course of 1 year.

    http://www.minsa.gob.pe/index.asp?op=51&nota=27275
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
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