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  • Chile - Monkeypox outbreak 2022

    Source: https://www.devdiscourse.com/article...e-of-monkeypox

    Chile reports first case of monkeypox
    It added that he is in good health with no complications, but presenting symptoms including lesions, scabs, skin spots and lymphadenopathy. Argentina was the first Latin American country to report a case of monkeypox, which was later joined by Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela.
    Reuters | Santiago | Updated: 18-06-2022 02:24 IST | Created: 18-06-2022 02:24 IST

    Chile confirmed on Friday the country's first case of monkeypox, the health ministry said in a statement.

    The statement said the person was a young man from the Metropolitan Region who had traveled to Europe. It added that he is in good health with no complications, but presenting symptoms including lesions, scabs, skin spots and lymphadenopathy...

  • #2
    Translation Google

    June 17, 2022

    MINSAL confirms the first case of Monkeypox in Chile

    The Ministry of Health reports that the Public Health Institute (ISP) confirmed the first case of Monkeypox in the country through PCR analysis.

    This is a young adult from the Metropolitan Region with a history of travel to Europe and who presented symptoms of sudden exanthema (spots on the skin), vesiculated lesions, skin scabs, accompanied by decay and lymphadenopathy.

    The Regional Health Authority applied the surveillance protocol established by the Ministry of Health.

    The person is in good health and without complications.

    It is important to remember that Law No. 20,584 on Rights and Duties of People in relation to actions related to their health care establishes the strict protection of confidentiality and sensitive data, therefore we call for respect for confidentiality. of the patient. The Health Authority will use all administrative and legal
    resources to ensure that identity protection is respected.


    The assistance network has been prepared and activated for weeks and the importance of obtaining information through official sources is reiterated.

    The recommended measures for people is to consult a doctor for people who have traveled abroad and have had close skin-to-skin contact, including sexual intercourse, and present: skin lesions of sudden onset without any other explanation, with one or more symptoms such as fever, swollen glands, muscle or back pain, and weakness.

    For more information you can visit https://www.minsal.cl/viruela-del-mono/



    https://www.minsal.cl/minsal-confirma-el-primer-caso-de-viruela-del-mono-en-chile/

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    June 20, 2022


    MINSAL confirms second case of Monkeypox in Chile

    – The Ministry of Health reports that the Public Health Institute (ISP) confirmed a second case of Monkeypox in the country through PCR analysis.

    This is an adult from the Araucanía Region with a history of traveling to Europe in the last 3 weeks. As in the first case detected, the Regional Health Authority applied the surveillance protocol established by the Ministry of Health.

    The person is in good health, without complications and serving a period of isolation.

    It is important to remember that Law No. 20,584 on Rights and Duties of People in relation to actions related to their health care establishes the strict protection of confidentiality and sensitive data, therefore we call for respect for confidentiality. of the patient. The Health Authority will use all administrative and legal resources to ensure that identity protection is respected.

    The recommendation is to consult a doctor for people who have had close skin-to-skin contact with a person with lesions, including sexual intercourse, and present: sudden onset of unexplained skin lesions, with one or more symptoms such as fever, swollen, muscle or back pain and weakness. The history of travel abroad to countries that have presented cases in recent weeks is of special importance.

    The epidemiological surveillance network and the care network have been prepared and activated for weeks. Chile has the testing technique for diagnosis and treatment for this disease.

    The importance of obtaining information through official sources is reiterated. For more information, you can visit https://www.minsal.cl/viruela-del-mono/ or also call the Health phone number 600 360 7777.


    https://www.minsal.cl/minsal-confirm...mono-en-chile/
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

    Comment


    • #3
      June 21, 2022

      MINSAL confirms third case of Monkeypox in Chile


      - The Ministry of Health reports that the Institute of Public Health (ISP) confirmed by PCR analysis a third case of Monkeypox in the country.

      He is an adult from the Metropolitan Region and is in close contact with the first confirmed case in the country.

      The case was detected in the contact study carried out by the Regional Health Authority, an entity that is carrying out the respective control actions, applying the surveillance protocol established by the Ministry of Health.

      The person is in good health, without complications and fulfilling a period of isolation.

      It is important to remember that Law No. 20,584 on the Rights and Duties of Persons in relation to actions related to their health care establishes the strict protection of confidentiality and sensitive data, therefore we call for respect for confidentiality of the patient. All administrative and legal resources will be used by the Health Authority to ensure that the protection of identity is respected.
      The recommendation is to consult a doctor to people who have had close skin-to-skin contact with a person with injuries, including sexual intercourse and present: skin lesions of sudden onset without further explanation, with one or more symptoms such as fever, lymph nodes swollen, muscle or back pain and decay. Of particular importance is the history of travel abroad to countries that have filed cases in recent weeks.

      The epidemiological surveillance network and the care network have been ready and activated for weeks. Chile has the testing technique for diagnosis and treatment for this disease.

      From the Ministry of Health, the update of cases of Smallpox of the Monkey will be done through the website of the Ministry of Health accompanied by information on the epidemiological surveillance carried out by the Department of Epidemiology. It will be published from June 25 and the information will be updated every Friday.

      The importance of informing oneself through official sources is reiterated. For more information you can visit https://www.minsal.cl/viruela-del-mono/ or also call the health phone answer 600 360 7777.



      https://www.minsal.cl/minsal-confirm...mono-en-chile/
      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
      -Nelson Mandela

      Comment


      • #4
        Translation Google

        June 24, 2022

        Ministry of Health decrees Sanitary Alert for Monkeypox

        – The measure will be in force until September 30 throughout the country.
        – To date, there are already six confirmed cases of monkeypox in Chile.

        The Minister of Health, María Begoña Yarza, announced that a Sanitary Alert will be decreed throughout the country within the framework of the reinforcement of the surveillance and control of Monkeypox, which will take effect from its publication in the Official Gazette.

        “We have reinforced this surveillance with an ad hoc registry, the declaration of the disease is immediate, we have a system for immediate registration of suspected cases, but in addition to having this identified and having a program for monitoring cases, we believe that the time has come for us to use other tools,” explained the authority.

        The measure grants extraordinary powers to the health authority to prevent the spread of a disease and is applied in cases of threat of epidemic or emergency that implies a serious risk to the health or life of the inhabitants. It will be valid until September 30, 2022, without prejudice to the power that has the authority to terminate it early or extend it, as indicated by the sanitary conditions.

        Minister Yarza explained that the Health Alert provides instruments to respond in these cases. “These tools are many of them, administrative. They give both the national health authority and the regional health authority tools from the point of view of purchases, resources, and the organization of resources. It allows the use of health residences, it allows us to have personnel, to have tenders with greater opportunity. In other words, tools to make the response that we want to make more agile and more timely”, she pointed out.

        In this sense, for example, the regional authority may establish the isolation of cases or persons suspected of being infected with Monkeypox and have sanitary residences for it.

        “The health residences are going to make isolation devices. It will depend on the conditions of the people who carry this disease. In conditions that require hospital care, they will be isolated in hospital centers, but on those occasions, as has been the case up to now, when all the cases have been in very good conditions, then we will use the health residences”, explained the Minister.

        For his part, the Undersecretary of Public Health, Cristóbal Cuadrado, delved into the preparation that the Ministry of Health has developed in relation to the surveillance of this emerging disease.

        “On May 23 we formed a team in which we also incorporated the Pan American Health Organization, along with technical teams and experts to analyze the response to monkeypox. Also, since May 27, the country has the diagnostic capacity to analyze PCR tests that allow confirming or ruling out cases. This, associated with the strengthening of all lines of surveillance, from instructions to the care network, case definitions, the strengthening of traceability capacity, specifically for this health condition by all seremías in the country, the establishment of reference hospitals and the possibility of health residences that are available throughout the country to allow isolation that is safe and in decent conditions for people,” he detailed.

        The authority also reported that to date, six cases of monkeypox have been registered in the country. To the three previously reported, three other cases that have contact with travelers or international travel history are added.

        Mario Cruz, international adviser on Health Systems and Services for PAHO/WHO Chile, pointed out that for a month they have been accompanying our country's preparation in this area. “We are pleased with all the progress that has been made, both in terms of detection, treatment, training of health personnel, prevention of infections, and the call made today for the Health Alert, which has a lot to do with improving the access to supplies and resources that are required to raise the level of surveillance that the country has”, he indicated.

        Along with the above, Dr. Cruz explained that for now, the risk of Monkeypox is considered moderate and that “this risk assessment has to do not with the severity of the disease, but rather with the unusual behavior that occurs. is observing and this is related to the number of countries that are being affected and the number of cases that are being observed, which is a situation that had not been seen in the small outbreaks that had previously occurred in the world.”

        Yasna Alarcón, Coordinator of the Emerging Infections Committee of the Chilean Society of Infectology, SOCHINF, said that they have collaborated with the Ministry of Health since the first cases were detected in the United Kingdom and took the opportunity to call people to consult in case of presenting symptoms associated with this disease. “The main symptoms with which it has manifested itself on this occasion have been through genital lesions on the skin, often painful, accompanied by inguinal nodes. Many times it is accompanied by fever and other general symptoms and with these types of symptoms it is very important to consult, ”she assured.

        The expert also explained that this disease is transmitted skin to skin, if it is affected by injuries, by very close contact, but not by sharing a common space; and she added that “most cases evolve in a benign and not serious way. However, the period in which this can be transmitted is quite long, 21 days. And that is why the recommendation that these people go to a health residence is to prevent the virus from being transmitted to other people.”

        To find out more about monkeypox, an option was also made available to the community in Salud Responde to access information about the symptoms of this disease and what to do if they appear. People can be contacted by calling 600 360 7777 and dialing option 3.

        On the other hand, as of today an epidemiological report on the progress of monkeypox in the country is published on the website www.minsal.cl , which will be published every Friday.


        https://www.minsal.cl/ministerio-de-...uela-del-mono/
        "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
        -Nelson Mandela

        Comment


        • #5
          Source: https://www.radioagricultura.cl/naci...residencia-en- the-metropolitan-region/

          Cases of monkeypox in Chile rise to 39: 93% reside in the Metropolitan Region
          by Gloria Tapia LeivaJuly 22, 2022

          The Ministry of Health (Minsal) released a new epidemiological report on cases of monkeypox in Chile.

          In this regard, the entity reported that from June 17 to July 21, 2022, 39 confirmed cases have been registered nationwide and one probable case, 16 of which are already discharged.

          "Another 55 cases that have entered surveillance were ruled out by the Institute of Public Health," they detailed from the Minsal.

          They also reported that "of the total number of confirmed and probable cases, 93% reside in the Metropolitan Region, 5% in the Antofagasta Region and 3% in the Araucanía Region."

          The report indicates that 100% of the cases "correspond to men between the ages of 20 and 46, with a median age of 35," adding that "30% of the cases present as an exposure factor having performed a international travel during the last 21 days, while 23% had contact with travelers in the last 21 days prior to the onset of symptoms and 48% are under epidemiological investigation".

          Finally, they specified that "it is observed that 100% of the cases correspond mainly to men who have had recent sexual contact with a new or multiple partners. In 7 cases, an epidemiological link with another confirmed case has been confirmed."

          Comment


          • #6
            Source: https://www.radioagricultura.cl/naci...ivel-nacional/

            Minsal confirms 68 cases of monkeypox nationwide
            by Gloria Tapia LeivaAugust 2, 2022

            The Ministry of Health (Minsal) released this Monday a new epidemiological report on cases of monkeypox in Chile.

            In this regard, the entity reported that "from June 17 to August 1, 2022, 68 confirmed cases and 1 probable case of monkeypox were reported in Chile, 23 of which are already discharged and one case He remained hospitalized mainly for his comorbidities.

            In this sense, he explained that "another 75 cases that have entered surveillance were discarded by the Public Health Institute (ISP)".

            On the other hand, the Ministry of Health indicated that of the total number of confirmed and probable cases, "93% have residence in the Metropolitan Region", while "4% in the Region of La Araucanía and 3% in the Region of the Antofagasta".

            The report specifies that "22% of the cases present as an exposure factor having made an international trip during the last 21 days, 19% were able to determine their epidemiological link with another confirmed case and 59% are in epidemiological research.

            "According to the epidemiological investigation carried out by the epidemiology teams, it is observed that 100% of the cases correspond mainly to men who have had recent sexual contact with a new or multiple male partners," the report complements.

            Finally, regarding the clinical presentation, the Ministry of Health reported that "100% of the cases presented an acute rash."

            Comment


            • #7
              Monkeypox in Chile | What is the controversy surrounding vaccines for this disease?

              Until now, 91 cases of monkeypox have been registered in Chile. Then review what has happened with the possible vaccination in the country.
              By Vicente Guzman Corral
              08/09/2022 - 1:26 p.m. CLT

              Currently, the Ministry of Health has registered 91 confirmed cases and one person suspected of monkeypox in our country since the disease arrived on June 17, which means an increase of 33% in cases in one week.

              Of that total, 25 cases have already been discharged and one case remains hospitalized mainly for management of comorbidities, the first so far. Another 83 suspected cases were discarded by the ISP.

              The Minsal epidemiological report also details that 100% of the cases correspond to men between 18 and 58 years old, with an average age of 35 years, and all of them have had sex with other men.

              Despite this, it is very important to clarify that this is not a sexually transmitted disease, but only sexual activity increases the probability of contagion, since the disease spreads from person to person through direct contact with someone who has a skin rash (hives).

              Of all the cases, 90.2% reside in the Metropolitan region, 3.3% in La Araucanía, 3.3% in Valparaíso, 2.2% in Antofagasta and 1% in O'Higgins. The vast majority are in the urban area of ​​Santiago.


              Last week, the Minister of Health, María Begoña Yarza, confirmed that Chile is “taking all the steps” to be able to acquire vaccines against monkeypox. This after the Medical College asked the Minsal to know the protocols around vaccination.

              However, on its own website, the Ministry of Health reports that there is currently only one vaccine in the world that was developed for monkeypox, which was approved in 2019, but whose use is scarce, so the probability of getting vaccines right now is hard.

              The World Health Organization (WHO) also points out that there are few vaccines in the world, so the recommendation is not mass vaccination, but only for people at risk, such as someone who was in contact with an infected person. .

              In any case, the WHO itself has provided preliminary guidelines on three possible vaccines for use against the disease: Jynneos/Invanex of Danish origin, the American ACAM2000 and LC16 of Japanese origin.

              The Minsal explained that they are negotiating together with the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the World Health Organization and with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Undersecretary of International Economic Relations the acquisition of vaccines, however, there is no a possible date.

              There is the possibility of buying them through multilateral mechanisms, such as through the WHO or PAHO itself.

              However, there is also the option of conducting bilateral negotiations with the laboratories, in the same way as was done for the Covid-19 vaccines in the government of Sebastián Piñera. This second option would be faster.

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              • #8
                bump this

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                • #9
                  Source: https://infogate.cl/2022/08/13/casos...ncrease-a-142/


                  Cases of "monkeypox" in Chile increase to 142
                  Of the total confirmed and probable cases, 92.3% reside in the Metropolitan region, 2.1% in the Araucanía region, 2.1% in the Antofagasta region, 1.4% in the Valparaíso region, 1.4% in the Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins region and 0.7% in the Coquimbo region.
                  By Hans Hansen-
                  08/13/2022


                  The Ministry of Health confirmed that the cases of monkeypox in the country increased to 142 patients and one that is considered probable, where 92.3% of them reside in the Metropolitan Region.

                  The report delivered by the Minsal indicates that from June 17 to August 11, 2022, 142 cases were reported in the country, of which 141 are confirmed cases and 1 probable case.

                  In addition, 47 cases are discharged and 2 cases remain hospitalized mainly for management of comorbidities, while another 110 cases that have entered surveillance were ruled out by the Institute of Public Health by the polymerase chain reaction technique. .

                  regional situation

                  Of the total number of confirmed and probable cases, 92.3 (n=131) reside in the Metropolitan region, 2.1% (n=3) in the Araucanía region, 2.1% (n=3 ) in the Antofagasta region, 1.4% (n=2) in the Valparaíso region, 1.4% (n=2) in the Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins region, and 0.7(n=1 ) in the Coquimbo region.

                  Most of the cases are concentrated in the urban area of ​​the Metropolitan region, with the commune of Santiago standing out as the one with the highest number of cases (n=60).

                  Exposure factors:

                  17% of the cases have a history of having made an international trip during the last 21 days, while 17% were able to determine their epidemiological link with another confirmed case. 66% are under epidemiological investigation to determine the place of exposure.

                  Among other antecedents, it is observed that 100% of the cases have had recent sexual contact with a new or multiple male partners.

                  Signs and symptoms:

                  Regarding the clinical presentation, 100% (n=142) of the cases presented acute exanthema, 65% (n=93) anogenital skin/mucosa lesions, 58% (n=82) lymphadenopathy, 56% ( n=79) myalgia, 52% (n=74) headache and 50% (n=71) fever > 38.5°.

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Six regions of Chile have confirmed cases of Monkeypox
                    So far, the infections closest to Biobío have occurred in the region of La Araucanía. While in the world new studies associated with the disease continue to be evidenced.
                    By Nicholas Munoz
                    August 16, 2022, at 10:18

                    On June 17, the Chilean Ministry of Health (Minsal) confirmed the arrival of Monkeypox, or Monkeypox, in the country. This zoonotic disease (transmitted from animals to people) ended up mobilizing the authorities, who on June 25 were forced to decree the so-called Health Alert, a measure that is valid until September 30, 2022.

                    A little over a month has passed since the Ministry of Health, through its Department of Epidemiology, initiated the health plan, together with the implementation of an electronic form for case notification and the reinforcement of laboratory capacities to throughout the national territory. Actions that sought to prepare the country against this new disease.

                    Currently, the situation in Chile, unlike other countries, is under control. As detailed by the Health agency, between June 17 and August 11, 2022, 142 cases of Monkeypox were reported.

                    Of the total, 141 are confirmed cases and only one is categorized as a probable case. In turn, 47 people are already discharged and two cases remain hospitalized mainly for the management of comorbidities. "Another 110 cases that have entered surveillance were ruled out by the Institute of Public Health (ISP) by the polymerase chain reaction technique," the report said.

                    Regarding the place of residence of the affected patients, the authorities stated that 92.3 percent are located in the Metropolitan region, 2.1 percent in the La Araucanía region, 2.1 percent in the from Antofagasta, 1.4 percent in the Valparaíso region, 1.4 percent in the Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins region, and 0.7 percent in the Coquimbo region.

                    STUDIES ASSOCIATED WITH THE DISEASE

                    One of the countries that has been most affected by infections worldwide is Spain, which accounts for more than 3,700 cases diagnosed at the end of July.

                    For this reason, local authorities have made efforts to resolve this negative scenario by intensifying operations and investigations in this regard. In this sense, an observational study was carried out in three sexual health units in Madrid and Barcelona, ​​where some of the results show that 40 percent of patients with the virus suffer complications.

                    In other words, the researchers revealed that almost half of the patients analyzed presented complications that required medical treatment, mainly to reduce the pain associated with proctitis (25 percent), tonsillar ulceration (11 percent), and penile edema ( 8 percent).

                    Another relevant conclusion of the investigation pointed to "skin-to-skin contact" during sexual intercourse as the "dominant factor" in the transmission of monkeypox, over airborne transmission.

                    It is important to note that, in the evaluation of the 181 confirmed cases used, 175 (98 percent) were men, 166 of whom were identified as men who have sex with men. Group that is mainly affected in countries like Chile, where 99 percent of cases correspond to men, of which 100 percent have had recent sexual contact with a new or multiple male partners...

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                    • #11
                      bump this

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                      • #12
                        Source: https://www.radiopaulina.cl/2022/08/...mono-en-chile/


                        Minsal confirms more than 200 cases of monkeypox infections in Chile
                        According to the health authority, 131 cases entered surveillance but were ruled out by the Public Health Institute (ISP), while another 130 cases were discharged. Of the total confirmed cases in the country, 93.8% are in the Metropolitan region and 1.4% in the Antofagasta region, the same figure was recorded in the La Araucanía region.
                        08/20/2022 1


                        This Friday, the Ministry of Health (Minsal) released a new epidemiological report on monkeypox in the country where there was an increase of 68 cases compared to the previous week when there were 142 cases.

                        Likewise, it reported that as of August 18, 207 infected are registered, while another three remain as probable cases pending confirmation of their PCR examination by the Institute of Public Health (ISP)

                        According to the health authority, 131 cases entered surveillance but were ruled out by the Public Health Institute (ISP), while another 130 cases were discharged.

                        In addition, of the total confirmed cases in the country, 93.8% are in the Metropolitan region and 1.4% in the Antofagasta region, the same figure was recorded in the La Araucanía region.

                        It is worth mentioning that most of the cases are concentrated in the urban area of ​​the Metropolitan region, highlighting the commune of Santiago for being the one with the largest number of cases.

                        Meanwhile, among the regions where there have been confirmed cases are Coquimbo, Valparaíso, O'Higgins and Los Lagos.

                        Regarding the age range of the cases registered in Chile, according to the Minsal, they have been between 17 and 63 years old, with a median of 34 years, being the group that concentrates the largest number of cases, between 30 and 39 years, followed by 20 to 29 years. In terms of sex, 99% of cases correspond to men.

                        On the other hand, 13% of the cases have a history of having made an international trip during the last 21 days, while 15% were able to determine their epidemiological link with another confirmed case, while 71% are under epidemiological investigation. to determine the place of exposure.

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          Source: https://www.t13.cl/noticia/nacional/...ana-22-08-2022

                          Monkeypox: Chile has 210 cases and 197 are from the Metropolitan region
                          Monday, August 22, 2022 7:39 a.m.
                          According to the latest report from the Ministry of Health, the commune with the most cases is Santiago, closely followed by Providencia and San Miguel.

                          The Ministry of Health (Minsal) released its new report on the epidemiological situation in relation to Monkeypox, a disease whose first confirmed patient in Chile was reported during June this year.

                          From June 17 to August 18, 2022, 210 cases of monkeypox were reported, of which 207 are confirmed cases and another three are probable cases.

                          The document prepared by the Minsal explains that another 131 cases that have entered surveillance were ruled out by the Institute of Public Health (ISP).
                          in regions

                          Of the total number of confirmed infections, 197 reside in the Metropolitan Region, three in the Antofagasta Region, three in the Araucanía Region, two in the Coquimbo Region, two in the Valparaíso Region, and two in the O'Higgins Region. and one from the Los Lagos Region.

                          Chile is among the 20 countries with the most cases of monkeypox

                          On the other hand, the details of the infections by communes in the capital were also released, through a map that is contained in the report.

                          The commune that registers the most cases is Santiago, followed by Providencia and San Miguel. On a third level are other districts such as San Joaquín, Quinta Normal and Estación Central.

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                          • #14
                            bump this

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                            • #15
                              Source: https://www.24horas.cl/actualidad/na...ruela-del-mono

                              Minsal reports 344 confirmed cases of Monkeypox
                              In the previous registry, 270 cases of the disease had been reported. So far, there are also 181 cases ruled out.
                              24horas.cl
                              Friday, August 26, 2022

                              The Ministry of Health reported the presence of 344 confirmed cases of Monkeypox in the country, with 1 probable case. A figure that increases from the 270 of the previous report.

                              According to this new report, from June 17 to August 25, 2022, 345 cases of monkeypox were reported in Chile; 344 confirmed cases and 1 probable case. Another 181 cases that have entered surveillance were ruled out by the Institute of Public Health.

                              Regarding the presence of Monkeypox by region, they reported that of the total number of confirmed and probable cases, 92.2% reside in the Metropolitan region and 1.5% in the Valparaíso, La Araucanía and Antofagasta regions. .

                              As has happened in previous reports, most of the cases were concentrated in the urban area of ​​the Metropolitan region, with the commune of Santiago standing out as the one that presented the largest number of cases.

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