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  • Fire Safety

    Home Fire Checklist

    Cooking Safety:
    “Keep an eye on what you fry.” Stay in the kitchen when frying, grilling or using an open flame.

    Smoking Safety:
    Never smoke in bed.

    Children Playing:
    Matches and lighters are locked away.

    Home Fire Escape Plan:
    At least twice a year, practice your fire escape plan with all family members.
    Practice makes perfect! After each fire drill, mark down your escape time.
    What’s Your Escape Time?
    Make sure everyone can escape in two minutes or less.

    Fireplaces, Space Heaters, Baseboards, etc.:
    “3 feet from the heat.” Furniture, curtains, dish towels and anything that could catch fire are at least 3 feet from any type of heat source.

    Electrical and Appliance Safety:
    Large and small appliances are plugged directly into wall outlets.

    Smoke Alarms
    Change smoke alarm batteries every year unless it has a long-life battery.
    Replace smoke alarms every ten years.
    Test your smoke alarms each month. If they’re not working, they can’t get you out the door.

    Sources: Vision 20/20, FIEF, USFA
    American Red Cross
    We were put on this earth to help and take care of one another.

  • #2
    Re: Fire Safety

    Preparing and Preventing a Home Fire - Steps You Can Take Now

    Keep items that can catch on fire at least three feet away from anything that gets hot, such as space heaters.
    Never smoke in bed.
    Talk to your children regularly about the dangers of fire, matches and lighters and keep them out of reach.
    Turn portable heaters off when you leave the room or go to sleep.

    Smoke Alarms

    Install smoke alarms on every level of your home, inside bedrooms and outside sleeping areas.
    Teach your children what smoke alarms sound like and what to do when they hear one.
    Test smoke alarms once a month, if they’re not working, change the batteries.
    Smoke alarms should be replaced every 10 years. Never disable smoke or carbon monoxide alarms.
    Carbon monoxide alarms are not substitutes for smoke alarms. Know the difference between the sound of smoke alarms and carbon monoxide alarms.

    Fire Escape Planning

    Ensure that all household members know two ways to escape from every room of your home.
    Make sure everyone knows where to meet outside in case of fire.
    Practice escaping from your home at least twice a year and at different times of the day. Practice waking up to smoke alarms, low crawling and meeting outside. Make sure everyone knows how to call 9-1-1.
    Teach household members to STOP, DROP and ROLL if their clothes should catch on fire.

    Cooking Safely

    Stay in the kitchen when frying, grilling or broiling food. If you leave the kitchen, even for a short period of time, turn off the stove.
    Stay in the home while simmering, baking, roasting or boiling food. Check it regularly and use a timer to remind you that food is cooking.
    Keep anything that can catch fire—like pot holders, towels, plastic and clothing— away from the stove.
    Keep pets off cooking surfaces and countertops to prevent them from knocking things onto the burner.

    Caution: Carbon Monoxide Kills

    Install carbon monoxide alarms in central locations on every level of your home and outside sleeping areas.
    If the carbon monoxide alarm sounds, move quickly to a fresh air location outdoors or by an open window or door.
    Never use a generator, grill, camp stove or other gasoline, propane, natural gas or charcoal-burning devices inside a home, garage, basement, crawlspace or any partially enclosed area.
    American Red Cross
    We were put on this earth to help and take care of one another.


    • #3
      Re: Fire Safety

      Choosing the Right Type of Fire Extinguisher

      Not only is it smart to keep fire extinguishers in your home, it’s also the law in many states.

      It's important to make sure you have the right types of fire extinguishers on hand to put out common household fires. Read our fire extinguisher safety tips to learn how to stay safe.
      Getting started

      The first thing to do when choosing a fire extinguisher is to decide which rooms in your house need one. You should keep at least one on each level of your house. Make sure you keep fire extinguishers handy where fires are more likely to start, like in the kitchen and garage.
      Understanding fire extinguisher classes

      There are four classes of fire extinguishers – A, B, C and D – and each class can put out a different type of fire.

      Class A extinguishers will put out fires in ordinary combustibles such as wood and paper
      Class B extinguishers are for use on flammable liquids like grease, gasoline and oil
      Class C extinguishers are suitable for use only on electrically energized fires
      Class D extinguishers are designed for use on flammable metals

      Multipurpose extinguishers can be used on different types of fires and will be labeled with more than one class, like A-B, B-C or A-B-C.
      Purchasing your fire extinguisher

      Now that you know how many extinguishers you need and what types to get, you can head to the hardware store. Look for fire extinguishers that you can easily lift. Larger extinguishers may pack more power, but you must be able to use it properly.
      Learning how to use your fire extinguisher

      Once you've made your purchases, familiarize yourself with the fire extinguisher directions so you’ll be prepared in case you need to put out a fire.

      The information listed above was obtained from sources believed to be reliable. Nationwide, its affiliates and employees do not guarantee improved results based upon the information contained herein and assume no liability in connection with the information or the provided safety suggestions. The recommendations provided are general in nature; unique circumstances may not warrant or require implementation of some or all of the safety suggestions. There may be additional available safety procedures that are not referenced on this webpage.
      We were put on this earth to help and take care of one another.


      • #4
        Re: Fire Safety

        Fire Extinguishers

        I make sure that I can safely pick up, carry and use the fire extinguishers we have. We keep fire extinguishers in our home, out buildings and car. We are working on getting an extinguisher on each floor. - AC
        We were put on this earth to help and take care of one another.


        • #5
          Re: Fire Safety

          Fireworks Information Center

          Fireworks are synonymous with our celebration of Independence Day. Yet,
          Follow these safety tips when using fireworks:

          Never allow young children to play with or ignite fireworks.
          Avoid buying fireworks that are packaged in brown paper because this is often a sign that the fireworks were made for professional displays and that they could pose a danger to consumers.
          Always have an adult supervise fireworks activities. Parents don't realize that young children suffer injuries from sparklers. Sparklers burn at temperatures of about 2,000 degrees - hot enough to melt some metals.
          Never place any part of your body directly over a fireworks device when lighting the fuse. Back up to a safe distance immediately after lighting fireworks.
          Never try to re-light or pick up fireworks that have not ignited fully.
          Never point or throw fireworks at another person.
          Keep a bucket of water or a garden hose handy in case of fire or other mishap.
          Light fireworks one at a time, then move back quickly.
          Never carry fireworks in a pocket or shoot them off in metal or glass containers.
          After fireworks complete their burning, douse the spent device with plenty of water from a bucket or hose before discarding it to prevent a trash fire.
          Make sure fireworks are legal in your area before buying or using them.

          IMHO the best way to protect my children from the dangers of fire works is not to let my children near them and not to have them in our home. I tell mine if they come across them not to touch them, not to play with them. If they "find" some to let a responsible adult know as soon as possible where they are. - AC
          We were put on this earth to help and take care of one another.


          • #6
            Re: Fire Safety


            Wood burning and gas fireplaces are designed to safely provide years of comfort, warmth and relaxation. To ensure they can do their job, fireplaces require maintenance and proper operation. Before lighting the first fire of the season, there are a few important fireplace safety tips to remember.



            Have the chimney inspected annually, and cleaned as necessary, by a professional chimney sweep to ensure it’s clear of obstructions and creosote.

            Have a cap installed at the top of the chimney to avoid the possibility that debris or animals can block the chimney.

            Install both a smoke and carbon monoxide detector. (Make sure the batteries work.)

            Keep a fire extinguisher on hand.

            Make sure the area around the fireplace is clear of furniture, books, newspapers and other potentially flammable materials. (Two feet away is
            a good rule.)

            LIGHTING FIRE

            Clean out ashes from previous fires. Open the

            Use a fireplace grate.

            Keep glass doors open during the fire.

            Use fireplace tools to tend the fire.

            Build a safe fire.

            Always close the firescreen when in use.


            Never burn garbage, rolled newspapers, charcoal or plastic in the fireplace.

            Never use gasoline or any liquid accelerant to help start a fire.

            Keep small children and pets away from the fireplace.

            Never leave a fire unattended.

            Don’t close the damper until the embers have completely stopped burning.

            Make sure the fire is completely out before going to bed or leaving the house.

            When cleaning the fireplace, store ashes in a non-combustible container with a tightly fitting lid and place the container away from the house.

            Never burn a Christmas tree in the fireplace.

            Chimney upkeep is complicated by the fact that many problems (cracks, faults, and structural damage) are not visible from the outside. To ensure chimney safety, the best course of action is to have a professional chimney sweep, certified by the Chimney Safety Institute of America (CSIA), perform an annual inspection and clean the chimney as necessary. Chimney sweeps remove creosote and obstructions, such as leaves, branches or bird’s nests, and look for other problems within the system

            Gas fireplaces also require routine maintenance and service to ensure their proper working order. The best person to perform the service is a specialty retailer who is trained in the maintenance of gas fireplaces. A retailer will complete the following type of tasks when performing service on a gas fireplace:

            Adjust millivolt output.

            Clean and ajdust the glowing embers and logs for
            best appearance.

            Clean the fan and related air circulation passages.

            Clean the glass.

            Check the batteries in the carbon monoxide detector.

            Ensure the vents are unobstructed and able to do their job.


            All hearth products, not just fireplaces, need to be maintained and operated properly in order to function safely and perform at their best. To fully understand the necessary steps involved in proper operation, read the manufacturer’s instruction manual for the hearth product and consult with a local specialty retailer for input and guidance. A specialty retailer is an important resource. To locate a specialty retailer, go to

            Professional installation by a qualified technician is essential to the proper performance and safety of a hearth product and its venting system. Unlike a malfunctioning refrigerator,
            a hearth product that doesn’t do its job properly can have serious consequences. Many specialty retailers offer installation by factory-trained and/or nationally certified staff. To verify if an installer is certified, contact the National Fireplace Institute (NFI) at, or to verify factory training, use the hearth product manufacturer directory at for contact information

            We were put on this earth to help and take care of one another.


            • #7
              Re: Fire Safety

              Courtesy of the East Side Fire Department

              Home Facts & Safety Tips

              Flammable Substances

              Flammable and combustible products are used for a wide variety of
              purposes and are commonly found in the home. Gasoline is
              the most common, but there are other flammable and combustible liquids
              and gases used in the home including:

              paint solvents
              lighter fluid
              dry cleaning agents
              spray paint
              diesel fuel
              nail polish

              Many households use natural gas, propane or fuel oil heating. Each
              product poses a serious health or fire danger if not used and stored properly.

              Background Information

              A flammable liquid in its liquid state will not burn. It only will
              ignite when it vaporizes into a gaseous state. All flammable liquids
              give off vapors that can ignite and burn when an ignition source such as
              a lighted cigarette or spark is present.

              To understand the dangers associated with flammable liquids, it is
              useful to be familiar with the terms used to describe their
              chemical properties. They are:

              Flash point
              Flammable/combustible liquids
              Flammable range
              Ignition temperatures
              Vapor density

              Flash point - The temperature at which a particular flammable liquid
              gives off vapors (vaporizes) and therefore can ignite. The
              flash point differs for each type of flammable liquid. Kerosene has a
              flash point of 110 degrees Fahrenheit. Gasoline has a flash
              point of -40 degrees. This means that at 110 degrees or higher kerosene
              gives off flammable vapors and can ignite. However,
              gasoline requires a temperature of only -40 degrees to vaporize to cause
              an explosion or fire. This means that when the
              temperature is freezing, gasoline still vaporizes and can cause an
              explosion and/or fire. At the same temperature, kerosene
              cannot ignite. Liquids such as gasoline with a flashpoint below 100
              degrees are called flammable liquids. Kerosene and other
              liquids with a flash point above 100 degrees are referred to as
              combustible liquids.

              Flammable range refers to the percentage of a flammable liquid, in its
              gaseous state, to air to create an explosive mixture. This
              varies with different flammable liquids. Gasoline has a flammability
              range of 1.4 to 7.6 percent. This means it will ignite when
              there is 1.4 parts of gasoline mixed with 100 parts air. With this in
              mind, 1.4 percent is known as the lower flammable limit and
              7.6 percent is the upper flammable limit of the flammable range. A
              product mixed with air below the low end of its flammable
              range is too lean to burn. A flammable liquid which exceeds its upper
              flammable limit is too rich to ignite. Ethylene oxide is
              extremely flammable. It has a flammable range of 3.6 to 100 percent.
              This means it can burn even if there is no air.

              Gasoline has a narrow flammable range and is metered precisely in a
              vehicle's carburetor to obtain the desired flammable range.
              A vehicle will have trouble operating if the carburetor meters too much
              gasoline. This is referred to as a rich mixture, which is
              too concentrated for ignition by the spark plugs. Too little gasoline in
              a vehicle's carburetor is called a lean mixture, which is too
              diluted for ignition.

              The ignition temperature is the temperature required for a liquid to
              continue to emit vapors that can sustain
              combustion. Gasoline will ignite when a heat source or electrical spark
              of at least 853 degrees comes in contact with it. Natural
              gas (methane) needs an ignition temperature of around 1000 degrees and
              paint thinner 453 degrees.

              Vapor density is the weight of a vapor relative to the weight of air.
              The vapor density of natural gas causes it to be lighter than
              air and will rise when exposed in the open. The vapor density of
              gasoline is heavier than air and will seek low points when it is
              exposed to the air. Products with a high vapor density (heavier than
              air) behave much like carbon dioxide gas escaping from a
              block of dry ice. (Dry ice is frozen carbon dioxide gas.) A term used in
              the fire service is BLEVE. It is an acronym for "Boiling
              Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion." A BLEVE occurs when a confined liquid
              is heated above its atmospheric boiling point.
              The vapors expand and suddenly the container will explode.

              Gasoline and Other Flammable Liquids and Gases

              Gasoline is the most common flammable liquid found in the home. Used
              carelessly or improperly, it is the main cause of burn
              injuries among teenage boys. Gasoline is highly volatile due to its low
              flash point and easily vaporizes when exposed to air.
              Because it is heavier than air, it can seek out ignition sources such as
              a pilot light from a water heater, an electrical spark from a
              hand tool, or a lit cigarette dropped on the ground. Use care when
              filling lawn mowers, chain saws and other power tools with
              gasoline. Don't refill a power tool with the engine running or while the
              manifold is hot. Use a funnel to pour the gas to avoid
              overfilling and spilling. If gasoline is spilled, allow it to vaporize
              completely. This will maintain a dry surface and reduce the
              chance of ignition. Never fill gasoline in a confined space, indoors or
              in a closed garage.

              Never smoke around gasoline or other flammable liquids. Do not use it as
              a cleaning solvent or to remove grease and oil from
              automotive parts, your hands or clothing. Many people are seriously
              burned each year from these mistakes. Do not pour
              gasoline or other flammable liquids down the sink or into a storm drain.
              This creates an explosion potential.

              Do not store gasoline in the house. It should be kept in a detached
              garage or in an outside storage area. Be absolutely sure it is
              clear from any ignition source such as a water heater, washer or dryer.
              Do not put gasoline in a cup, glass jug or old bleach
              bottle. It should be stored in an approved container, which is of heavy
              duty construction, has a spring-loaded, self-closing
              handle and is equipped with a safety-relief plug.

              Don't store gasoline in the trunk or back of the car. If you need to
              carry fuel, make sure the cap is tightly closed, and fill the can
              only three-fourths full, leaving an air space for vapor expansion.

              Kerosene heaters are commonly used in many homes and businesses during
              colder months of the year to provide warmth.
              Kerosene is not as flammable as gasoline but just as dangerous. Fill a
              kerosene heater outdoors using a fill spout. Never fill a
              heating unit while hot and be sure the area is ventilated. Kerosene
              should be stored away from the home and any heat or
              ignition sources. It should be stored in an approved container like

              Other flammable liquids and gases
              For health and safety reasons, paint should be used in a ventilated
              area. It should be stored in a secured can when not being
              used. Spray paint and paint solvents such as lacquer thinner, and paint
              brush cleaner are highly flammable and should be stored
              away from heat or ignition sources. Other cleaners such as naptha and
              toluene can be ignited by static electricity from one's
              clothing. These products should be stored in secured containers away
              from the home in a detached storage area.

              You may have a good reason to have benzine in the house - as a dry
              cleaning fluid or as a fluid for your cigarette lighter. Even
              then, you should keep the smallest quantity possible on a
              tightly capped container...stored securely away in a cool
              place. Benzene (with an "e"), otherwise known as benzol, is a very
              serious fire and health hazard (a known carcinogen). Do not
              use or store it under any circumstances.

              Denatured alcohol may be required for some uses in the home, perhaps as
              a rubbing solution. While it is not quite as dangerous
              as some of the others, it is nonetheless highly flammable and should be
              used and stored with as much caution as any other
              flammable liquid.

              Many pesticides are not only poisonous, but are highly flammable. When
              using pesticides, be sure you are away from any heat
              or ignition source. Always keep pesticides in their original containers.

              Rags which have been used to wipe or clean petroleum products may
              spontaneously ignite. Cleaning rags soaked in oil,
              furniture polish, turpentine, or paint should be kept in a
              tightly-sealed metal container or thrown away immediately after use.

              Survival Actions Regarding Flammable Liquids

              Even if you have a small spill involving a flammable liquid, immediately
              open your windows to ventilate the area. Do not use fans
              or other electrical devices, which might provide an ignition source and
              cause an explosion. If you get some of the liquid on your
              skin, remove the affected clothing and wash your skin with soap and
              water. Soak your clothes in water before washing them. If
              a large spill occurs, evacuate the area immediately and call 9-1-1.

              A small fire involving a flammable liquid can be controlled with a class
              B fire extinguisher. Never try to extinguish a flammable
              liquid fire with water. This could cause the fire to spread. Do not try
              to control a fire involving compressed gases such as butane
              or propane. They are extremely dangerous. For a large fire involving a
              flammable liquid, evacuate the area and call 9-1-1.

              Link to source:
              We were put on this earth to help and take care of one another.


              • #8
                Re: Fire Safety

                Courtesy of the East Side Fire Department

                OK, The Fire Is Out. Now what?

                Recovering from a fire may take a long time and many of the things you
                have to do will be new to you.

                If you are not insured, your recovery from a fire loss most likely will
                be dependent upon your own resources Private organizations that can help
                include the American Red Cross (225) 291-4533 and the Salvation Army
                (225) 355-4483. You also could talk with your church or synagogue. Local civic
                groups such as the Lions or Rotary Clubs also can be of help.

                Insurance Information

                If you are insured, your insurance will be the most important single
                component in recovering from a fire loss. A number of
                coverage's are available such as - homeowner's, tenant's or condominium
                owner's insurance policies.

                Your insurance policy is a contract between you and the insurer. The
                insurer promises to do certain things for you. In turn, you
                have certain obligations. Among your duties after a fire loss would be
                to give immediate notice of the loss to the insurance
                company or the insurer's agent.

                Protect the property from further damage by making sensible or necessary
                repairs such as covering holes in the roof or walls.
                Take reasonable precautions against loss, such as draining water lines
                in winter if the house will be unheated for some time. The
                insurance company may refuse to pay losses that occur from not taking
                such reasonable care.

                Make an inventory of damaged personal property showing in detail the
                quantity, description, original purchase price, purchase
                date, damage estimate and replacement cost.

                Cooperate with the insurer or his/her adjuster by exhibiting the damaged property.

                Submit, within a stated time period (usually 30 - 60 days), a formal
                statement of loss. Such a statement should include:

                The time and cause of loss
                The names and addresses of those who have an interest in the
                property. These might include the mortgage holder, a
                separated or divorced spouse or a lien holder.
                Building plans and specifications of the original home and a
                detailed estimate for repairs.
                The damage inventory mentioned above.
                Receipts for additional living expenses and loss of use claims.

                Valuing Your Property

                A pre-fire inventory along with a videotape of all your property could
                prove to be a valuable record when making your claim.

                When adjusting your fire loss or in claiming a casualty loss on your
                Federal income tax, you will have to deal with various
                viewpoints on the value of your property. Some terms used are listed below:

                Your "personal valuation" is your attachment to and personal
                valuation of your property lost in a fire. Personal items have
                a certain sentimental value. This term is not meant to belittle
                their value to you but is used to separate feelings about the
                value from objective measures of value. It will be objective
                measures of value which you, the insurer, and the Internal
                Revenue Service will use as a common ground.
                The "cost when purchased" is an important element in establishing
                an item's final value. Receipts will help verify the cost
                Fair market value before the fire also is expressed as "actual cash
                value". This is what you could have gotten for the item
                if you had sold it the day before the fire. Its price would reflect
                its cost at purchase and the wear it had sustained since
                then. Depreciation is the formal term to express the amount of
                value an item loses over a period of time.
                "Value after the fire" is sometimes called the item's "salvage value".
                The cost to replace the item with a like, but not necessarily
                identical, item is the replacement cost.

                Adjusting the Loss

                "Loss adjustment" is the process of establishing the value of the
                damaged property. This is the result of a joint effort among a
                number of parties. Basic parties to the process are the owner or
                occupant and the insurance company and its representatives.

                The owner or occupant is required by the insurance contract to prepare
                an inventory and cooperate in the loss valuation
                process. An insurance agent may act as the adjuster if the loss is
                small. The insurer may send an adjuster who is a permanent
                member of the insurer's staff, or the company may hire an independent
                adjuster to act in its behalf. It is the insurance adjuster's
                job, as a representative of the insurance company, to monitor and assist
                in the loss valuation process and to bring the loss to a
                just and equitable settlement.

                Either you or the insurer may hire the services of a fire damage
                restoration firm or fire damage service company. These firms
                provide a range of services that may include some or all of the following:

                Securing the site against further damage
                Estimating structural damage
                Repairing structural damage
                Estimating the cost to repair or renew items of personal property
                Packing, transportation, and storage of household items
                Securing appropriate cleaning or repair subcontractors
                Storing repaired items until needed

                It is important to coordinate with the insurance adjuster before
                contracting for any services. If you invade the insurer's
                responsibility area by contracting without its knowledge or consent, you
                may be left with bills to pay that otherwise would have
                been covered by the insurer.

                Replacement of Valuable Documents and Records


                Who to Contact
                Driver's license Local department of motor vehicles
                Bank books Your bank, as soon as possible
                Insurance policies Your insurance agent
                Military discharge papers Local Veterans Administration
                Passports Local passport offic
                Birth, death, marriage certificates State Bureau of Records in the state of birth, death or marriage
                Divorce papers Circuit Court where decree was issued
                Social Security or Medicare cards Local Social Security Office
                Credit Cards The issuing companies, as soon as possible
                Titles to deeds Records department of city or county in which the property is located
                Stocks and bonds Issuing company or your broker
                Wills Your lawyer
                Medical records Your doctor
                Warranties Issuing company
                Income tax records The Internal Revenue Service Center where filed or your accountant
                Auto registration title Department of Motor Vehicles
                Citizenship papers The U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service
                Prepaid burial contracts Issuing company
                Animal registration papers Society of registry

                Salvage Hints

                Clothing - Smoke odor and soot sometimes can be washed from
                clothing. The following formula often will work for
                clothing that can be bleached:

                4-6 tbsp. of Tri-Sodium Phosphate
                l cup Lysol or any household chlorine bleach
                l gallon warm water

                Mix well, add clothes, rinse with clear water and dry well.

                Be aware that Tri-Sodium Phosphate is a caustic substance used as a
                cleaning agent. It should be used with care and
                stored out of reach of children and pets. Wear rubber gloves when
                using it. Read the label carefully. To remove mildew,
                wash the fresh stain with soap and warm water. Then rinse and dry
                in sun. If the stain has not disappeared, use lemon
                juice and salt, or a diluted solution of household chlorine bleach.

                Cooking Utensils - Your pots, pans, flatware, etc., should be
                washed with soapy water, rinsed and then polished with
                a fine-powdered cleaner. You can polish copper and brass with
                special polish, salt sprinkled on a piece of lemon or salt
                sprinkled on a cloth saturated with vinegar.

                Electrical Appliances - Appliances that have been exposed to water
                or steam should not be used until you have a
                service representative check them. This is especially true of
                electrical appliances. In addition, steam can remove the
                lubricant from some moving parts. If the fire department turned off
                your gas or power during the fire, call the electric or
                gas company to restore these services - DO NOT TRY TO DO IT YOURSELF.

                Food - Wash your canned goods in detergent and water. Do the same
                for food in jars. If labels come off, be sure you
                mark the contents on the can or jar with a grease pencil. Do not
                use canned goods when cans have bulged or are dented or rusted.

                If your home freezer has stopped running, you still can save the
                frozen food. Keep the freezer closed. Your freezer has
                enough insulation to keep food frozen for at least one day -
                perhaps for as many as two or three days. Move your food
                to a neighbor's freezer or a rented locker. Wrap the frozen food in
                newspapers and blankets or use insulated boxes. Do
                not re-freeze food that has thawed.

                To remove odor from your refrigerator or freezer, wash the inside
                with a solution of baking soda and water, or use one
                cup of vinegar or household ammonia to one gallon of water. Some
                baking soda in an open container, or a piece of
                charcoal can be placed in the refrigerator or freezer to absorb odor.

                Flooring and Rugs - When water gets underneath linoleum, it can
                cause odors and warp the wood floor. If this
                happens, remove the entire sheet. If the linoleum is brittle, a
                heat lamp will soften it so it can be rolled up without
                breaking. If carefully removed, it can be re-cemented after the
                floor has completely dried. Small blisters in linoleum can
                be punctured with a nail and re-cemented if you are careful. Dilute
                regular linoleum paste thin enough to go through a
                hand syringe and shoot adhesive through the nail hole. Weigh down
                the linoleum with bricks or boards. It usually is
                possible to cement loose tiles of any type. Wait until the floor is
                completely dry before beginning.

                Rugs and carpets also should be allowed to dry thoroughly. Throw
                rugs then can be cleaned by beating, sweeping or
                vacuuming, and then shampooing. Rugs should be dried as quickly as
                possible. Lay them flat, and expose them to a
                circulation of warm, dry air. A fan turned on the rugs will speed
                drying. Make sure the rugs are thoroughly dry. Even
                though the surface seems dry, moisture remaining at the base of the
                tufts can quickly rot a rug. For information on
                cleaning and preserving carpets, call your carpet dealer or
                installer or qualified carpet cleaning professional.

                Mattresses and Pillows - Reconditioning an innerspring mattress at
                home is very difficult, if not impossible. Your
                mattress may be able to be renovated by a company that builds or
                repairs mattresses. If you must use your mattress
                temporarily, put it out into the sun to dry. Then cover it with
                rubber or plastic sheeting. It is almost impossible to get
                smoke odor out of pillows. The feathers and foam retain the odor.

                Leather and Books - Wipe leather goods with a damp cloth, then a
                dry cloth. Stuff purses and shoes with newspapers
                to retain shape. Leave suitcases open. Leather goods should be
                dried away from heat and sun. When leather goods are
                dry, clean with saddle soap. You can use steel wool or a suede
                brush on suede. Rinse leather and suede jackets in cold
                weather and dry away from heat and sun.

                Wet books must be taken care of as soon as possible. The best
                methods to save wet books is to freeze them in a
                vacuum freezer. This special freezer will remove the moisture
                without damaging the pages.

                If there will be a delay in locating such a freezer, place them in
                a normal freezer until a vacuum freezer can be located.

                Locks and Hinges - Locks (especially iron locks) should be taken
                apart, wiped with kerosene and oiled. If locks
                cannot be removed, squirt machine oil through a bolt opening or
                keyhole, and work the knob to distribute the oil. Hinges
                also should be thoroughly cleaned and oiled.

                Walls and Furniture - To remove soot and smoke from walls,
                furniture and floors, mix together:

                4 to 6 tbsp. Tri-Sodium Phosphate
                1 cup Lysol or any chloride bleach
                1 gallon warm water

                Wear rubber gloves when cleaning. After washing the article, rinse
                with clear warm water and dry thoroughly.

                Walls may be washed down while wet. Use a mild soap or detergent.
                Wash a small area at one time, working from the
                floor up. Then rinse the wall with clear water immediately.
                Ceilings should be washed last. Do not repaint until the walls
                and ceilings are completely dry.

                Wallpaper also can be repaired. Use a commercial paste to re-paste
                loose edges or sections. Contact your wallpaper
                dealer or installer for information on wallpaper cleaners. Washable
                wallpaper can be washed like an ordinary wall, but
                care must be taken not to soak the paper. Work from bottom to top
                to prevent streaking.

                Do not dry your furniture in the sun. The wood will warp and twist
                out of shape. Clear off the mud and dirt by scrubbing
                with a stiff brush and a cleaning solution. You can also rub the
                wood surface with a 4/0 steel wool pad dipped in liquid
                polishing wax, wipe with a soft cloth and then buff. Remove the
                drawers and let them dry thoroughly so there will be no
                sticking when you replace them. Wet wood can decay and mold, so
                allow it to dry thoroughly. Open doors and
                windows for good ventilation. Turn on your furnace or air
                conditioner, if necessary. If mold forms, wipe the wood with a
                cloth soaked in a mixture of borax dissolved in hot water. To
                remove white spots or film, rub the wood surface with a
                cloth soaked in a solution of a half cup of household ammonia and a
                half cup of water. Wipe dry and polish with wax, or
                rub the surface with a cloth soaked in a solution of a half cup
                turpentine and a half cup of linseed oil. Be careful because
                turpentine is combustible.

                Money Replacement - Handle burned money as little as possible.
                Attempt to encase each bill or portion of a bill in
                plastic wrap for preservation. If money is only half-burned or less
                (if half or more of the bill is intact), you can take the
                remainder to your local Federal Reserve Bank for replacement. Ask
                your personal bank for the nearest one. Or you can
                mail the burned or torn money via FIRST CLASS REGISTERED MAIL to:

                U.S. Treasury Department
                Main Treasury Building, Room 1123
                Washington, D.C. 20220

                Mutilated or melted coins can be taken to the Federal Reserve Bank,
                or mailed via FIRST CLASS REGISTERED MAIL to:

                Superintendent, U.S. Assay Office
                32 Old Slip
                New York, NY 10005

                If your U.S. Savings Bonds have been mutilated or destroyed, write to:

                U.S. Treasury Department
                Bureau of Public Debt
                Division of Loans and Currency
                537 South Clark St.
                Chicago, IL 60605
                Attn: Bond Consultant

                Include name(s) on bonds, approximate date or time period when
                purchased, denominations and approximate number of each.

                We were put on this earth to help and take care of one another.


                • #9
                  Re: Fire Safety

                  During the 1918 Influenza Pandemic first responders suffered a high proportion of casualties as a result of infection. This was highlighted by the lists of casualties in New York City, their name and cause and date of death. This information was available on line. If it is still available via the internet I cannot find it.

                  IMHO if there should be another pandemic and first responders can't or have difficulties responding to emergencies fire safety may become a more important issue. - AC
                  Last edited by Amish Country; October 11, 2014, 11:49 PM. Reason: Spelling
                  We were put on this earth to help and take care of one another.


                  • #10
                    Re: Fire Safety

                    First aid
                    Burns: First aid

                    by Mayo Clinic Staff

                    To distinguish a minor burn from a serious burn, the first step is to determine the extent of damage to body tissues. The three burn classifications of first-degree burn, second-degree burn and third-degree burn will help you determine emergency care.

                    1st-degree burn
                    The least serious burns are those in which only the outer layer of skin is burned, but not all the way through.

                    The skin is usually red
                    Often there is swelling
                    Pain sometimes is present

                    Treat a first-degree burn as a minor burn unless it involves substantial portions of the hands, feet, face, groin or buttocks, or a major joint, which requires emergency medical attention.

                    2nd-degree burn
                    When the first layer of skin has been burned through and the second layer of skin (dermis) also is burned, the injury is called a second-degree burn.

                    Blisters develop
                    Skin takes on an intensely reddened, splotchy appearance
                    There is severe pain and swelling.

                    If the second-degree burn is no larger than 3 inches (7.6 centimeters) in diameter, treat it as a minor burn. If the burned area is larger or if the burn is on the hands, feet, face, groin or buttocks, or over a major joint, treat it as a major burn and get medical help immediately.

                    For minor burns, including first-degree burns and second-degree burns limited to an area no larger than 3 inches (7.6 centimeters) in diameter, take the following action:

                    Cool the burn. Hold the burned area under cool (not cold) running water for 10 or 15 minutes or until the pain subsides. If this is impractical, immerse the burn in cool water or cool it with cold compresses. Cooling the burn reduces swelling by conducting heat away from the skin. Don't put ice on the burn.
                    Cover the burn with a sterile gauze bandage. Don't use fluffy cotton, or other material that may get lint in the wound. Wrap the gauze loosely to avoid putting pressure on burned skin. Bandaging keeps air off the burn, reduces pain and protects blistered skin.
                    Take an over-the-counter pain reliever. These include aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Aleve) or acetaminophen (Tylenol, others). Use caution when giving aspirin to children or teenagers. Though aspirin is approved for use in children older than age 2, children and teenagers recovering from chickenpox or flu-like symptoms should never take aspirin. Talk to your doctor if you have concerns.

                    Minor burns usually heal without further treatment. They may heal with pigment changes, meaning the healed area may be a different color from the surrounding skin. Watch for signs of infection, such as increased pain, redness, fever, swelling or oozing. If infection develops, seek medical help. Avoid re-injuring or tanning if the burns are less than a year old — doing so may cause more extensive pigmentation changes. Use sunscreen on the area for at least a year.


                    Don't use ice. Putting ice directly on a burn can cause a person's body to become too cold and cause further damage to the wound.
                    Don't apply egg whites, butter or ointments to the burn. This could cause infection.
                    Don't break blisters. Broken blisters are more vulnerable to infection.

                    3rd-degree burn
                    The most serious burns involve all layers of the skin and cause permanent tissue damage. Fat, muscle and even bone may be affected. Areas may be charred black or appear dry and white. Difficulty inhaling and exhaling, carbon monoxide poisoning, or other toxic effects may occur if smoke inhalation accompanies the burn.

                    For major burns, call 911 or emergency medical help.
                    Until an emergency unit arrives, follow these steps:

                    Don't remove burned clothing. However, do make sure the victim is no longer in contact with smoldering materials or exposed to smoke or heat.
                    Don't immerse large severe burns in cold water. Doing so could cause a drop in body temperature (hypothermia) and deterioration of blood pressure and circulation (shock).
                    Check for signs of circulation (breathing, coughing or movement). If there is no breathing or other sign of circulation, begin CPR.
                    Elevate the burned body part or parts. Raise above heart level, when possible.
                    Cover the area of the burn. Use a cool, moist, sterile bandage; clean, moist cloth; or moist cloth towels.

                    Get a tetanus shot. Burns are susceptible to tetanus. Doctors recommend you get a tetanus shot every 10 years. If your last shot was more than five years ago, your doctor may recommend a tetanus shot booster.

                    We were put on this earth to help and take care of one another.


                    • #11
                      Re: Fire Safety

                      First aid
                      Chemical burns: First aid

                      by Mayo Clinic Staff

                      If a chemical burns the skin, follow these steps:

                      Remove the cause of the burn by first brushing any remaining dry chemical and then rinsing the chemical off the skin surface with cool, gently running water for 10 to 20 minutes or more.
                      Remove clothing or jewelry that has been contaminated by the chemical.
                      Wrap the burned area loosely with a dry, sterile dressing (if available) or a clean cloth.
                      Rewash the burned area for several more minutes if the person experiences increased burning after the initial washing.
                      Take an over-the-counter pain reliever if needed for pain. These include aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Aleve) or acetaminophen (Tylenol, others). Use caution when giving aspirin to children or teenagers. Though aspirin is approved for use in children older than age 2, children and teenagers recovering from chickenpox or flu-like symptoms should never take aspirin. Talk to your doctor if you have concerns.

                      Get a tetanus shot. All burns are susceptible to tetanus. Doctors recommend you get a tetanus shot every 10 years. If your last shot was more than five years ago, your doctor may recommend a tetanus shot booster.

                      Minor chemical burns usually heal without further treatment.

                      Seek emergency medical assistance if:

                      The person shows signs of shock, such as fainting, pale complexion or breathing in a notably shallow manner
                      The chemical burn penetrated through the first layer of skin, and the resulting second-degree burn covers an area more than 3 inches (7.6 centimeters) in diameter
                      The chemical burn occurred on the eye, hands, feet, face, groin or buttocks, or over a major joint
                      The person has pain that cannot be controlled with over-the-counter pain relievers

                      If you're unsure whether a substance is toxic, call the poison control center at 800-222-1222. If you seek emergency assistance, take the chemical container or a complete description of the substance with you for identification.

                      We were put on this earth to help and take care of one another.


                      • #12
                        Re: Fire Safety


                        Lung Disease & Respiratory Health Center

                        Smoke Inhalation
                        Smoke Inhalation Overview

                        The number one cause of death related to fires is smoke inhalation. An estimated 70% of fire deaths are the result of smoke inhalation injuries rather than burns.

                        Smoke inhalation occurs when you breathe in the products of combustion during a fire. Combustion results from the rapid breakdown of a substance by heat (more commonly called burning). Smoke is a mixture of heated particles and gases. It is impossible to predict the exact composition of smoke produced by a fire. The products being burned, the temperature of the fire, and the amount of oxygen available to the fire all make a difference in the type of smoke produced.

                        Smoke Inhalation Causes

                        Smoke inhalation damages the body by simple asphyxiation (lack of oxygen), chemical or thermal irritation, chemical asphyxiation, or a combination of these.

                        Simple asphyxiants

                        Combustion can use up oxygen near the fire and lead to death when there is no oxygen left to breathe
                        Smoke itself can contain products that do not cause direct harm to you, but that take up the space needed for oxygen. Carbon dioxide, for instance, acts in this way.

                        Irritant compounds

                        Combustion can result in the formation of chemicals that cause direct injury when they contact your skin and mucous membranes. These substances disrupt the normal lining of the respiratory tract. This disruption can potentially cause swelling, airway collapse, and respiratory distress. Examples of chemical irritants found in smoke include sulfur dioxide, ammonia, hydrogen chloride, and chlorine.

                        In addition, the high temperature of the smoke can cause thermal damage to the airways.

                        Chemical asphyxiants

                        A fire can produce compounds that do damage by interfering with your body’s oxygen use at a cellular level. Carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, and hydrogen sulfide are all examples of chemicals produced in fires that interfere with the use of oxygen by the cell.

                        If either the delivery of oxygen or the use of oxygen is inhibited, cells will die. Carbon monoxide has been found to be the leading cause of death in smoke inhalation.
                        Smoke Inhalation Symptoms

                        Numerous signs and symptoms of smoke inhalation may develop. Symptoms may include cough, shortness of breath, hoarseness, headache, and acute mental status changes.

                        Signs such as soot in airway passages or skin color changes may be useful in determining the degree of injury.

                        Cough: When the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract get irritated, they secrete more mucus. Bronchospasm and increased mucus lead to reflex coughing. The mucus may be either clear or black depending on the degree of burned particles deposited in the lungs and trachea.
                        Shortness of breath: This may be caused by direct injury to the respiratory tract leading to decreased oxygen getting to the blood. The blood itself may have decreased oxygen-carrying capacity. This could be the result of chemicals in the smoke or the inability of cells to use oxygen.
                        This can lead to rapid breathing resulting from the attempt to compensate for these injuries.
                        Hoarseness or noisy breathing: This may be a sign that fluids are collecting in the upper airway where they may cause a blockage. Also, chemicals may irritate vocal cords, causing spasm, swelling, and constriction of the upper airways.
                        Eyes: Eyes may become red and irritated from the smoke. The corneas may also have burns on them.
                        Skin color: Skin color may range from pale to bluish to cherry red.
                        Soot: Soot in the nostrils or throat may give a clue as to the degree of smoke inhalation. Inhalation can lead to nostrils and nasal passages swelling.
                        Headache: In all fires, people are exposed to various quantities of carbon monoxide. Even if there are no respiratory problems, carbon monoxide may still have been inhaled. Headache, nausea, and vomiting are all symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning.
                        Changes in mental status: Chemical asphyxiants and low levels of oxygen can lead to mental status changes. Confusion, fainting, seizures, and coma are all potential complications following smoke inhalation.

                        When to Seek Medical Care

                        Everyone who has suffered from smoke inhalation needs to have their “A.B.C’s” checked. That is Airway, Breathing, and Circulation. Call your doctor or go to your local emergency department for advice. If you have no signs or symptoms, home observation may be recommended.

                        Call 911 if you experience the following symptoms with smoke inhalation:

                        Hoarse voice
                        Difficulty breathing
                        Drawn out coughing spells
                        Mental confusion

                        Someone with smoke inhalation can get worse quickly. If such a person were transported by private vehicle, significant injury or death could occur on the way that could have been avoided if that person were transported by emergency medical services.

                        Exams and Tests

                        A number of tests and procedures may be done. Which tests depends on the severity of the signs and symptoms.

                        Chest X-ray: Respiratory complaints such as persistent cough and shortness of breath, indicate the need for a chest X-ray. The initial X-ray may be normal despite significant signs and symptoms. A repeat X-ray may be needed during the observation period to determine if there is delayed lung injury.
                        Pulse oximetry: A light probe is attached typically to the finger, toe, or earlobe to determine the degree of oxygen in the person's blood. Pulse oximetry has limitations. Low blood pressure, for instance can make it inaccurate if not enough blood is getting to the parts of the body where the probe is attached.
                        Blood tests
                        Complete blood count: This test determines whether there are enough red blood cells to carry oxygen, enough white blood cells to fight infection, and enough platelets to ensure clotting.
                        Chemistries (also called basic metabolic profile): This test reveals the change of pH in the blood that may be the result of interference with oxygen diffusion, transport, or use. Serum electrolytes (sodium, potassium, and chloride) can be monitored. Renal (kidney) function tests (creatinine and blood urea nitrogen) are also monitored.
                        Arterial blood gas: For people with significant respiratory distress, acute mental status changes, or shock, an arterial blood gas may be obtained. This test can help the doctor decide the degree of oxygen shortage.
                        Carboxyhemoglobin and methemoglobin levels: This level should be obtained in all smoke inhalation victims with respiratory distress, altered mental status, low blood pressure, seizures, fainting, and blood pH changes. It is now routinely done in many hospitals whenever arterial blood gas is assessed.

                        Smoke Inhalation Treatment

                        Self-Care at Home

                        Remove the person with smoke inhalation from the scene to a location with clean air.

                        Make sure that you are not putting yourself in danger before you attempt to pull someone from a smoke-filled environment. If you would be taking a serious risk to help the person, wait for trained professionals to arrive at the scene.
                        Smoke Inhalation Treatment continued...

                        If necessary, CPR should be initiated by trained bystanders until emergency medical help arrives.
                        Medical Treatment

                        A number of treatments may be given for smoke inhalation.

                        Oxygen: Oxygen is the mainstay of treatment. It may be applied with a nose tube or mask or through a tube put down the throat. If there are signs of upper airway problems, for example hoarseness, the person may need to be intubated. To do this, the doctor places a tube down down the person's throat to keep the airway from closing due to swelling. If there is respiratory distress or mental status changes, the person may be intubated to let the staff help with breathing, to suction off mucus, and keep the person from breathing the contents of his or her own stomach.
                        Bronchoscopy: Bronchoscopy is a procedure done to look at the degree of damage to the airways through a small scope and to allow suctioning of secretions and debris. Usually it's done through an endotracheal tube (a thin tube with a camera attached) after the person has been given sedation and pain relievers. The procedure may be needed if there is growing respiratory failure, failure to demonstrate clinical improvement, or a segment of the lung remains collapsed.
                        Hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO): If the person has carbon monoxide poisoning, hyperbaric oxygenation may be considered. Hyperbaric oxygenation is a treatment in which the person is given oxygen in a compression chamber. Some studies have shown that hyperbaric oxygenation causes a reduction in symptoms of the nervous system. In cases of carbon monoxide poisoning, it may make recovery quicker. The indications for and availability of this treatment vary depending on the institution and the region in which the person is hospitalized.

                        Next Steps


                        Once the person leaves the hospital, follow-up care is typically arranged. If the condition worsens doesn't improve the way it is expected to after discharge, the person should return immediately to the emergency department.

                        Medications such as various inhalers and pain medications may be prescribed. There may still be shortness of breath with minimal exertion. It may take time for the lungs to fully heal, and some people may have scarring and shortness of breath for the rest of their lives. It's important to avoid triggering factors such as cigarette smoke.

                        Persistent hoarseness may occur in people who have sustained burn or smoke inhalation injuries or both. Early attention to these problems, many of which are treatable surgically, behaviorally or both, could lead to an improved voice.

                        Prevention is key when discussing smoke inhalation. Numerous prevention strategies can be employed to avoid exposure to smoke.

                        Smoke detectors should be placed in every room of an occupied building. This should ensure early detection of smoke and allow time for evacuation.
                        Carbon monoxide detectors should be placed in locations at risk for carbon monoxide exposure (such as from near furnaces or garages).
                        Escape routes and plans for how to escape should be worked out before there is a fire and reviewed periodically.
                        Numbers for the police, fire department, and the local poison control center should be kept in a visible place for an emergency. Find the poison control center now by checking the Web site of the American Association of Poison Control Centers.

                        We were put on this earth to help and take care of one another.


                        • #13
                          Re: Fire Safety

                          Electrical Safety and Fire Prevention

                          Keeping Your Community Safe and Energized!

                          1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169

                          Electrical Safety: Talking Points
                          For the Media

                          If a fuse blows or a circuit breaker trips often, find out why and correct the problem. Replace fuses with the correct
                          amp rating for the circuit they protect; never replace a fuse with a higher rated fuse. If the problem continues,
                          call an electrician.

                          Only plug one heat-producing appliance (such as a coffeemaker, toaster, space heater, etc.) into a receptacle outlet
                          at a time.

                          Buy only appliances that have the label of a recognized testing laboratory.

                          Replace cracked and damaged electrical cords.

                          Pinching cords against walls or furniture or running them under carpets or across doorways can cause a fire.

                          Use extension cords for temporary wiring only.

                          Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for plugging an appliance into a receptacle outlet.

                          Avoid overloading outlets. Plug only one high-wattage appliance into each receptacle outlet at a time.

                          Consider having additional circuits or receptacles added by a qualified electrician.

                          If an appliance is malfunctioning, unplug it if it is safe to do so.

                          Arc-fault circuit interrupters (AFCIs) are a new kind of circuit breaker that shut off electricity when a dangerous
                          condition occurs. Consider having them installed in your home. Use a qualified electrician.

                          Ground-fault circuit interrupters (GFCIs) reduce the risk of shock. GFCIs shut off an electrical circuit when it becomes
                          a shock hazard.

                          Test AFCIs and GFCIs once a month to make sure they are working properly.

                          Tamper-resistant receptacles have spring-loaded shutters that close off the slots of the receptacle. These receptacles
                          are important in making a home a safe place for children.

                          Keep ladders away from overhead power lines including the electrical service into your home. Never touch a power
                          line. Stay at a safe distance — you could be electrocuted.

                          Report downed power lines to authorities.

                          Some power lines are underground. Call your local authority
                          regarding digging.

                          For Parents and Kids

                          In homes with small children, install tamper-resistant electrical receptacles.

                          Replace cracked and damaged electrical cords.

                          Only plug one heat-producing appliance (such as a coffee maker,
                          toaster, space heater, etc.) into a receptacle outlet at a time.

                          Pinching cords against walls or furniture or running them under carpets
                          or across doorways can cause a fire.

                          Use extension cords for temporary wiring only.

                          If receptacles or switches feel warm, shut off the circuit and have them
                          checked by an electrician.

                          Do not place cloth over a light bulb to diffuse or soften the light. Buying
                          a low wattage or soft white or pastel light bulb can help you achieve this
                          effect without creating a fire hazard.

                          Use light bulbs that match the recommended wattage on the lamp or

                          Call a qualified electrician or landlord if you have :

                          recurring problems with blowing fuses or tripping circuit breakers.

                          a tingling feeling when you touch an electrical appliance.

                          discolored or warm wall outlets.

                          a burning smell or rubbery odor coming from an appliance.

                          flickering lights.

                          sparks from an outlet.

                          We were put on this earth to help and take care of one another.


                          • #14
                            Re: Fire Safety

                            Electrical Fire Prevention
                            Georgia Power


                            Keep areas around electrical equipment clear of combustibles such as sawdust, paper, cardboard and flammable liquids.

                            Prevent oil and dirt buildup on electrical appliances. This situation can cause electrical equipment to overheat and short-circuit. When buildup does occur, shut off electrical equipment and unplug its power supply. Use only clean, dry rags and brushes and follow manufacturer's instructions.

                            Electrical fires are frequently caused by overloaded equipment and circuits. This can cause insulation to burn, create sparks and leave exposed wires. Don't overload electrical equipment by attempting to do heavier jobs than the equipment can handle.

                            Shut off all electrical equipment that produces odd sounds, odd smells or sparks. Have it checked by a qualified technician. Tag and remove hard-wired equipment from service so that it cannot be accidentally energized while it is being repaired or replaced.

                            Know locations of emergency exits and fire escapes and know the escape routes from your work area. Fire escape plans should be posted and exits clearly marked.

                            Know where the nearest fire extinguishers are and how to use them. Only Class C extinguishers are safe to use on energized electrical equipment.

                            We were put on this earth to help and take care of one another.


                            • #15
                              Re: Fire Safety

                              Electrical burns: First aid
                              by Mayo Clinic Staff

                              An electrical burn may appear minor or not show on the skin at all, but the damage can extend deep into the tissues beneath your skin. If a strong electrical current passes through your body, internal damage, such as a heart rhythm disturbance or cardiac arrest, can occur. Sometimes the jolt associated with the electrical burn can cause you to be thrown or to fall, resulting in fractures or other associated injuries.

                              Call 911 or your local emergency number for assistance if the person who has been burned is in pain, is confused, or is experiencing changes in his or her breathing, heartbeat or consciousness.

                              While helping someone with an electrical burn and waiting for medical help, follow these steps:

                              Look first. Don't touch. The person may still be in contact with the electrical source. Touching the person may pass the current through you.
                              Turn off the source of electricity if possible. If not, move the source away from both you and the injured person using a dry, nonconducting object made of cardboard, plastic or wood.
                              Check for signs of circulation (breathing, coughing or movement). If absent, begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) immediately.
                              Prevent shock. Lay the person down with the head slightly lower than the trunk, if possible, and the legs elevated.
                              Cover the affected areas. If the person is breathing, cover any burned areas with a sterile gauze bandage, if available, or a clean cloth. Don't use a blanket or towel, because loose fibers can stick to the burns.

                              We were put on this earth to help and take care of one another.