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  • Food storage preps

    Comprehensive list of food and emergency items for a year.

    This list created by wildland firefighters.
    If you want food for 3 months, divide by 4.
    Remember to buy what you like to eat and cycle through your pantry.

    FOOD LIST and other Necessities for a Year
    Seneca said: "Luck is what happens when preparation meets opportunity." (He lived 5 BC-65 AD.)
    Adults need about 2000 calories a day, (cost ~ $2,400 for family of 4 for a year).
    The quantities below are estimates for 1 adult for a year. Divide by four to get number for one person for 3 months.
    Consider your plan for power outage in terms of refrigeration and cooking.
    Consider a water supply for drinking and for washing.
    Obtain a 3 month supply of Rx meds.

    300 pounds per person.
    Notes: rolled oats, corn meal, cracked wheat for tabouli, rice, triticale, mixes.
    To remove weevils and other bugs: Diatomaceous earth or freeze the pkg overnight. Put a stick of unwrapped spearmint gum or some unwrapped peppermints in each package if you take large quantities and repackage them into smaller allotments.
    Manual and electrical grain grinders if you buy whole wheat berries that will need grinding.
    Muesli -- get recipe.
    Bread recipes. Get yeast. Start a sourdough culture.

    Rice -- package in 10, 15 or 20 pound packages.

    Flour --100 pounds per person.
    (Counts as part of the 300 lb grain recommendation.)
    Masa harina -- corn flour for tortillas
    Falafel mix
    Wheat berries (hard red winter wheat) – or cracked wheat berries for tabouli
    Cornmeal --
    Triticale flour – higher in protein than wheat
    Popcorn --

    Crackers -- package in metal containers
    Mixes -- pancake, muffin, cake, cookie mixes or make your own
    Pasta -- elbow macaroni, spiral noodles, pouch noodles (Ramen)- buy on sale; mac and cheese; pasta and the boxed “dinners” on sale


    100 pounds per person.
    Notes: this should be a combination of fresh, canned, dried, and juices; consider raisins for cookies or snacks.
    Get and plant fruit trees.

    Nuts -- 2 pounds per person
    Dry-roasted keep best; freeze the bagged ones if you have room; buy on sale after the holidays.
    Almonds for cookies
    Peanut butter -- 10 pounds per person
    Tahini (ground sesame seeds) for some Middle Eastern dishes

    Dried Fruit
    Raisins, prunes, figs, date pieces, dried cranberries
    Etc, whatever you can find

    Canned Fruit #10 cans and smaller
    (Cash & Carry, Costco, Sam's Club, Grocery Outlet type stores)
    Peaches, applesauce, pears, pineapple chunks
    Fruit ****tail
    Lemon juice
    Canned & bottled juices

    Apples, pears in season; don’t forget that Myers lemon tree
    Whatever other fresh veggies you can get at the last minute.


    150 pounds per person.

    Notes: this should be a combination of dried, canned, and fresh.
    Get heritage seeds for planting your own.
    Cilantro, parsley, greens for vitamins.
    Get vitamins: multiple; C; calcium plus D plus zinc
    Get canning jars; get rims and sealers; canning pressure cooker?
    Make sure have enough vinegar, salt and sugar, pectin & agar, spices for pickles, jellies, etc.
    Cilantro, parsley, greens for vitamins.
    Dried pasilla peppers, jalapenos, etc.

    Dried beans and peas – 60 to 100 pounds per person.
    Small white beans --
    Pinto beans --
    Large red beans --
    Garbanzo beans --
    Small white (Navy) beans --
    Lima beans --
    Fava beans --
    Black beans --
    Split peas --
    Lentils --
    Hummus mix -- (ground garbanzo beans and spices)
    Falafel mix --

    Canned #10 cans and smaller
    Beans -- Green beans, Yellow beans, Lima beans, etc
    Tomatoes -- Whole tomatoes, Italian, Sauce, Paste, prepared spaghetti sauce
    Sweet peas
    Artichoke hearts
    Greens -- chard, kale, spinach, etc
    Mixed veggies
    Sauerkraut (source of vitamin C)

    Bulk SPICES and to grow
    Peppers, green, all varieties of Mexican to eat and grow
    Garlic, powder and the also wet garlic in a jar
    Oregano, thyme, sage, rosemary, chives, etc plants

    Fresh VEGGIES
    Potatoes to eat and for seed
    Beets (without greens)
    Turnips or rutabagas
    Garlic to eat and for seed
    Lettuce & greens (Russian kale, Arugula to grow)
    Whatever other fresh veggies you can get at the last minute.

    Mushroom Soup
    Clam Chowder
    Bullion cubes
    Dry onion soup mix
    Ramen Noodles & Dry soup mixes, all you need is water & heat in a little pot.


    Milk, packaged non-fat powdered and evaporated in cans
    Homemade yogurt from powdered milk, easy.
    #10 cans of chili without beans
    Canned spam-mystery meat???
    Canned ham (? requires refrigeration)
    Dried beef? Jerky? Salami, pre-cooked bacon (Costco)
    Large bricks or rounds of cheese of different kinds (waxed covers)
    Parmesan, Romano, etc - fairly dry cheese, keeps well.
    If have freezer, can have frozen meats, etc. Power goes out, eat that first or smoke it.
    Beef, lamb, goat etc on the hoof if you have grazing land.
    Deer, bear with appropriate permits of course (Bear - soak in brine overnight; cook it well – trichina parasite killed by cooking until very well done)

    Vegetable and Olive OIL – 20 pounds per person good quality

    Vinegar -- 2 gal per person 4 gal per person if pickling

    Iodized salt -- 10 -1 pound containers

    Non-iodized salt -- pickling, couple sacks from Costco
    Pepper – couple of lg boxes Sugar -- 60-100 pounds per person
    Jam, pancake syrup, molasses, honey
    Hard candy -- leftover from Halloween/Christmas

    Soy Sauce, Dr Bronners, Worchestershire
    El Pato hot sauce in cans, Tapatilo hot sauce, Sriracha Hot Chili Sauce
    Nutritional yeast for popcorn
    Bullion cubes, bullion powder
    Bread-making yeast
    Beer-making yeast if you do that
    Wine-making starter if you do that
    Jams/Jellies – pectin, sugar, jars, sealers, rims if canning
    Baking Soda -- 3 pounds per person
    Baking Powder, Cornstarch -- 2 pounds apiece per person

    Coffee, Tea, Cocoa, Spiced Cider mix

    Canning Supplies (if you live in an area where you can grow a garden)

    Check jar supply -- buy new or get canning jars at thrift shop?
    Bands and dome lids. (On sale as canning season ends.)
    Large canning pressure cooker?
    Large pots with racks for sterilizing jars and cooking fruit, etc
    Tongs, jar grippers, small knives for lifting boiling sealers, etc
    Make sure have enough vinegar, canning salt and sugar, pectin & agar, spices for pickles, jellies, etc
    Sealer machine and lots of baggies for readying food for freezing or grains & beans for airtight storage (? Costco)
    Zip lock bags, Freezer bags, Aluminum foil, Waxed paper, Paper towels
    Containers of all sizes
    Large rodent proof containers for caching
    Duct tape

    Cleaning Supplies -

    Laundry, Hand, Dish (and Dishwasher) soaps
    Detergents, chlorine
    Liquid Household Bleach -- only active ingredient should be 5.25 sodium hypochlorate if you use it for water purification; To purify water: 16 drops per gallon, let stand 30 min then repeat with 16 more drops and let stand 15 minutes. (CDC website) MORE BLEACH IS NOT BETTER. IT CAN KILL YOU!
    (Need 1 gal/person if only regular use in a year; maybe 3-4 gal more if needed for water purification and cleaning surfaces as well; if disinfecting, make only enough in solution to use within a 4 hr period)
    alternative to liquid bleach is powdered Calcium Hypochlorate with no additives (obtain it at some pool stores)
    Hospital grade disinfectant
    Laundry Soap -- 1 Tub per person at Costco (best value)
    Cord, twine, light rope (clothesline), clothes pins
    13 gallon trash bags
    33 gallon black bags, for garbage or whatever
    Clean rags
    Purell & trigger pump spray bottles with ratio of 100 parts water to1 part sodium hypochlorate (bleach) or 70% alcohol to disinfect surfaces. No aerosol spray. It blows viruses around.
    Laundry notes: If washing low temp (< 70degrees), use chlorine 50-150 ppm during the bleach cycle to sterilize.

    Medicine Chest – First Aid - Hygiene

    Some ideas:
    Pepto Bismol – upset stomach, diarrhea, nausea
    Ipicac, activated charcoal - poisoning
    Cough Syrup natural= some kind of alcoholic liqueur
    Ibuprofin, Acetominophin, Aspirin
    Insect repellant
    Rubbing Alcohol
    Fels Naptha & Technu for poison oak, also -alcohol tincture of comfrey, goldenseal and myrrh (topical poison oak remedy)
    Band-aids, Antibiotic ointment, Zinc oxide ointment, Ace bandages, Steri strips, gauze squares, etc
    Aloe vera plant
    PPE for caregiver: N95 respirator masks (3M 9211 model – lightweight fits adults and kids), (better yet masks N100, full and half) goggles, plastic shower caps, tyvek clothing, nitrile gloves, shoe covers, consider rubber boots that can be disinfected after leaving patient area; directions for and practice at setting up decontamination room barrier between patient room and living space. Need to shower, etc – see publication on barrier nursing). Duct tape

    Toothpaste, toothbrushes, Glide, little floss toothpicks
    Q tips
    Fingernail clippers, little scissors
    Haircutting clippers
    Feminine products
    Razors, shaving cream (masks require clean shaven to make the seal)
    Shampoo, Conditioner
    Hand soap 15 bars /year/person -not germicidal. (Wash hands to the Alphabet song for fun. In other words, wash thoroughly for at least 25 to 30 sec duration.)
    Lotion (not germicidal)
    Liquid soap (not germicidal)
    Alcohol towelettes
    Toilet paper – 1 roll per week per person (2 Costco bundles per person)

    Sewing Kit

    Thread, needles, pins, SAFETY PINS of all sizes, buttons, snaps, zippers, Velcro, tape measure, scissors, sewing machine, iron on patches, denim for patching pants


    Generator and gas (gas can only be stored for 6 months before it "goes bad"). Additive to extend gas life.
    Most natural gas stoves can be switched to propane. Make sure yours has that adaptor and that you have propane.
    Chainsaw gas and oil, extra chains, sharpening tools, check PPE
    Kerosene, lamps, extra wicks and chimneys
    Wooden strike-anywhere matches, cardboard matches, candles, flint & steel
    Locking gas cap on your car, siphoning apparatus to be able to access the gas in your car for other purposes, like running a generator.
    Replacement water filters (We need 50 microns and 10 microns for our systems since some of us are not on city water.)
    Supplies to create a catchment for collecting rain water if you live in an area without other water supply if electricity goes out. There are also ways to collect water overnight in arid areas.
    Duct tape
    Non-electric can opener
    Utility knife
    Corkscrew, bottle opener
    Flashlights, rechargeable batteries, recharger to run if you have electricity
    Rifles, ammunition for hunting, hunting permit
    Fishing poles, line, hooks and gear, permit
    Ham radio?
    Wire ties, excellent fastener in a pinch. The modern day replacement for bailing wire, although any soft steel wire will work too.
    Those plastic "ties" the cops use for on-the-spot handcuffs; good for repairing lots of things.
    Clamshell & AA Batteries for your VHF radio. If the infrastructure collapses, the LOCAL guys will still be around and still trying to make sense of everything. You know what they say about communication...
    Seeds, for the garden; purchase Heritage seeds that propagate true, that is so you can gather seeds from one year's crop for the next year's planting

    Personal Notes...

    Omega 3 Fatty Acids said to help prevent cytokine storm.
    95% Curcumin powder - sold as Turmeric (encapsulate curcumin or buy it in caps example, Nature's Way Turmeric) and piperin (or extra pepper) that helps curcumin uptake. Reportedly another cytokine storm suppressant.
    Benadryl or generic equivalent - thought to reduce the cytokine storm; generic is available at Costco
    Avoid Echinacia as it is thought to contribute to cytokine storm.
    Elderberry extract (Sambucol) is reportedly an immune enhancer prior to infection; can buy at health food stores or dried berries (buy online or buy local) & soak in 80 proof Vodka – yeah man! Discontinue this if you become ill as it may contribute to the cytokine storm; resume after illness.
    Willamette Valley Pinot Noir (full cluster) wine 2004 & 2002 and some northern CA pinot noirs; contain Reservatrol - an antioxidant thought important in immune function and in knocking the virus back...
    For those who are prescribed tamiflu or relenza (or amantadine or rimantidine) which are antivirals -- in association with their healthcare worker status, ask your doc if he/she knows about probenecid, a drug used during WWII to extend the retention in the body of prescribed drugs in short supply. Also note: some of the different strains of H5N1 have resistance to one of the four antivirals listed above, so which strain goes pandemic will influence which treatment might work. Regardless of possible government assurances, few courses of antivirals are available for anyone and their production abroad is backlogged. No effective vaccine to pandemic H5N1 is available.

    Simpler food list - ideas - from Hotshot's mom.
    Last edited by Extra; February 10, 2006, 12:28 PM.

  • #2
    Re: Food storage preps

    Here is another site with a great list.

    I thing that this site area has another Thread dedicated to this subject under preparing for the flu -valuable links.


    We take the grocery store for granted. In the event of a panic (like the first case of bird flu in the USA), just think how very few frightened shoppers that it would take for your neighborhood grocery to run out of a product like rice. A few determinined families could take most of it! The stores could be stripped bare in minutes. Our advice is not to wait.

    We made our list based on shelf life, availability, and price. We then researched recipes to find the products most commonly used. Cross-off what you or your kids dislike. Be cautious of big sizes of perishables, since waste will quickly nullify any savings. Some items have a long shelf life, but must be used quickly after opening. Perishables might be available for a short time, but this list is comprised of storage foods, those that can be stored for many months or for years. Check every expiration date- we found same brand bags of flour (on the same shelf) with a two-year difference in the expiration date!

    This list probably contains some items that you usually try to avoid. A lady checking me out in the grocery store noticed that I was buying a lot of sugar and flour (on sale for a good price). She haughtily informed me her children do not eat sugar, or much flour. I asked her what her kids would eat if the food supply were interrupted, like in hurricane Katrina. She said they would eat fresh vegetables. I wonder where she thought the fresh vegetables would come from?

    Try to "rotate" a decent supply of food and still always have plenty on hand in case of an emergency. But many of these items have a very long shelf life, and can be used strictly as emergency storage. This list is designed for some variety, so that the kids and teens in our "pod" don't meltdown from boredom. No one can tell you how much to buy, but try to work your way toward a three month supply.

    Of course, you probably won't go out and buy all of this. Realistically, if you had to, you could purchase only bulk size bags of rice, dried beans, flour, some shortening, possibly corn, along with some source of Vitamin C. You could last a very long time for very little money. For very basic survival, we would recommend that you have your water filter, cooking supplies, and a way to stay warm before an elaborate variety of food- but better food (and some games) will be a real help in an extended "lock-down".

    Emergency Pantry: The List

    Baking mixes (Pie crust mix plus canned pie filling =cobbler)
    Baking powder
    Baking soda
    Bay leaves (delicious in beans, and insects avoid foods like flour with a bay leaf stored inside the bag)
    Bottled drinks and juices (not refrigerated type)
    Brown Sugar
    Bullion, concentrated broth
    Butter flavoring, like Molly McButter. Freeze for storage if you can.
    Canned beans
    Canned broth
    Canned chicken breast
    Canned chili
    Canned diced tomatoes, other tomato products, and sauces
    Canned French fried onions for green bean casserole
    Canned fruit
    Canned milk, evaporated milk
    Canned pie filling (don't overlook, great item)
    Canned pumpkin
    Canned Salmon
    Canned soups
    Canned stew
    Canned sweet potatoes
    Canned Tuna
    Canned veggies
    Cans of lemonade mix, other canned dry drink mixes
    Cheese dips in jars
    Cheese soups, like cheddar, broccoli cheese, and jack cheese
    Chinese food ingredients
    Chocolate bars
    Chocolate chips
    Chocolate syrup, strawberry syrup squeeze bottles (about that dry milk, again)
    Coffee filters (also for straining silt out of water)
    Corn Masa de Harina or corn tortilla mix
    Corn meal
    Corn starch for thickening
    Cream of Wheat
    Cream soups (good for flavoring rice & pasta, too)
    Dried eggs
    Dried fruit
    Dried onion (big containers at warehouse stores)
    Dried soups
    Dry cocoa
    Dry coffee creamer (big sealed cans, many uses including making dry milk taste better)
    Dry milk powder
    Dry Mustard
    Flour, self rising flour Flour tortilla mix for flour tortillas, wraps, and flatbread
    Garlic powder
    Granola bars (not great shelf life)
    Hard candy
    Honey (also reputed to reduce viral load in throat and esophagus)
    Hot chocolate mix
    Instant coffee if you drink it, or coffee and a manual drip cone or similar
    Instant mashed potatoes
    Jarred or canned spaghetti sauce
    Jarred peppers
    Jellies and Jams
    Kool Aid
    Lard, Manteca (good in beans, substitute for bacon or salt pork, tortilla making, many other uses)
    Large packages dry pasta, thinner type saves fuel
    Marshmallow cream
    Mayo packets from warehouse store, if you must, not really a good value.
    Mexican food ingredients
    Nestle Table Cream (substitute for sour cream, cream, or half-and-half) in lots of ethnic stores, including British)
    Nuts (freeze if you have room)
    Oil (Shelf life not great, freeze if you have room)
    Olive oil
    Olives, green and black
    Onion powder
    Packaged bread crumbs
    Pancake mix, one step, and other mixes that already have the eggs in them
    Peanut butter, nut butters
    Pet food
    Pickles, relish (not refrigerator case type)
    Powdered sugar
    Power bars
    Ravioli or any canned pasta you can stand
    Real butter or favorite margarine-keep frozen until disaster if you can. Butter keeps a long time in cool temps)
    Rice (cheap and filling)
    Salsa and hot sauces (Franks Hot Sauce!)
    Spam or Treet !
    Spices and herbs your family likes
    Stovetop Dressing mix
    Summer sausage ( cheaper around holidays)
    Sweetened condensed milk
    Trail mix
    Ultra pasteurized milk (expensive)
    Vanilla (improves dry milk, too)
    Velveeta (watch carton date, freeze for storage if possible)
    Vienna sausage
    Yeast, if you think you would use it. May be frozen.

    Baby food
    Pet food

    Please use the button below to send this list to friends and relatives. Every family, every person who is prepared, decreases the pressure on others

    This link also contains information on water purification, emergency supplies, communication, news breaks etc.

    A thing long expected takes the form of the unexpected when at last it comes. Mark Twain


    • #3
      Anyone have a sourdough bug recipe?

      I just read on a thread its useful and I would dearly like to start one, whats needed please?

      Thanks for the above lists, very helpful, yet daunting!..haha..more prepping needed. I have 90kg of rice for 7..not nearly enough,:o


      • #4
        Re: Food storage preps

        Please remember to protect what you have stored.

        Grains should all be frozen or 2-4 days. This will kill insect larvae. After freezing you have a couple of options or, you can do all of them if you choose. Store the grains in a rodent and bug proof or resistant container. Some good choices for this are resealable mylar bags, food grade only plastic buckets, seal-a-meal bags, steel 55 gal. drums that were initially used for food and finally plastic 55 gal. drums used previously for foodstuffs. In the bottom of the large containers you can wrap a chunk of dry ice in a cloth or clean rag then pour the grain on top. Let the lid cover most but not all of the top of the container. The melting dry ice will replace the oxygen and kill any surviving insects. It will also make it an inhospitable place for insects to infest later. And lastly mix in some bay leaves to your grains. If you are lucky enough to live in Ca. you can find California bay leaves growing wild. Insects are repulsed by the scent of the leaves. If you do not have access to a cheap source of bay leaves they order a pound for a small amount of money from You will see significant savings using this source. While you are at it make out an order for other herbs. They have a $5. shipping and handling charge that applies to any size order.

        I store most of my preps in 4 gallon plastic tubs that come from the market. They were used to hold already prepared frosting and in my store cost $.25 apiece. Even I with my arthritis can remove the lids fairly easily. For items requiring small amounts of space I use zip-type bags for frequently used items, i.e. pepper, and store them with like products in one of the 4 gallon buckets. You can use other purchased 5 gal. buckets but make sure you get a lid opener to make your life easier.

        Water storage can be tricky. You will need a minimum of one gal. water per day per person just for food prep and drinking. This water must be pure! You can use water that comes from municipal sources without any further processing. Those 55 gal. plastic drums work very well for this purpose. But all water does not need to be this pure. If you are flushing toilets or washing clothes then the water can be easily stored in plastic garbage cans.

        It is a good idea to add mouse and rat traps to your stores. So too are insect sprays essential to protecting your purchases.
        Please do not ask me for medical advice, I am not a medical doctor.

        Avatar is a painting by Alan Pollack, titled, "Plague". I'm sure it was an accident that the plague girl happened to look almost like my twin.
        Thank you,
        Shannon Bennett


        • #5
          Re: Food storage preps

          In the past I have had great success using bay leaves to keep out insects. But now I am wondering if there might be mould spores on the bay leaves.


          • #6
            Re: Food storage preps

            There shouldn't be a problem if the bay leaves are kept dry.
            Please do not ask me for medical advice, I am not a medical doctor.

            Avatar is a painting by Alan Pollack, titled, "Plague". I'm sure it was an accident that the plague girl happened to look almost like my twin.
            Thank you,
            Shannon Bennett


            • #7
              Re: Food storage preps

              There is a wealth of free information here (Food Storage tab on left side of page):
              They sell books and other materials, but have tons of free information and links to additional resources.
              "In the beginning of change, the patriot is a scarce man (or woman, and brave, and hated and scorned. When his cause succeeds, the timid join him, for it then costs nothing to be a patriot."- Mark TwainReason obeys itself; and ignorance submits to whatever is dictated to it. -Thomas Paine