[Source: US National Library of Medicine, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Clin Microbiol Infect. 2013 Dec 7. doi: 10.1111/1469-0691.12492. [Epub ahead of print]

Has Hajj-associated MERS-CoV transmission occurred? The case for effective post-Hajj surveillance for infection.

Rashid H, Azeem MI, Heron L, Haworth E, Booy R, Memish ZA.

Source: National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance of Vaccine Preventable Diseases, The Children's Hospital at Westmead and The University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.


The 2013 Muslim Hajj pilgrimage was completed in October. Thankfully there have been as of yet no confirmed cases of Hajj-associated Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Saudi Arabia or abroad. Screening polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (E gene) for the virus was positive in three samples from a 61 year old woman returned to Spain from the 2013 Hajj pilgrimage on 1<SUP>st</SUP> November and one of her contacts who was accompanying her on the Hajj journey who developed symptoms on the same day and suspected to have acquired the infection from the first case [1]. The first patient, who had no pre-existing medical condition, attended Hajj during October in Saudi Arabia. She became symptomatic three days before departure and attended a hospital in Makkah where pneumonia was confirmed by chest X-ray.

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KEYWORDS: Hajj, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), Pilgrimage, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Surveillance

PMID: 24313466 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]