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Mexico - Alert in Tlaxcala for a dozen cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome

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  • Mexico - Alert in Tlaxcala for a dozen cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome

    Mexico
    Click image for larger version  Name:	image.png Views:	1 Size:	23.4 KB ID:	987343
    State of Tlaxcala within Mexico
    /https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tlaxcala


    ----------------------------------------------------
    March 6 at 8:48 AM ·

    The Tlaxcala Health Sector ( Sesa Tlaxcala ) urged the personnel of the first and second level of care medical units to reinforce training measures for medical personnel to identify and treat Guillain Barré Syndrome conditions.

    He also asked the general population and beneficiaries to reinforce basic hygiene measures, proper handling and disinfection of food, mainly meat products.

    This March 5, the Health Sector issued an epidemiological alert due to the increase in cases of Guillain Barré Syndrome, so far in 2024, 18 cases have been reported that meet the definition, of which eight are confirmed.

    The agency reported that the municipalities with the highest number of cases are #Tlaxcala and Santa Cruz Tlaxcala with three cases each, as well as Calpulalpan with two, most of the cases correspond to men between the ages of 4 and 64.

    Derived from the extraordinary meeting of epidemiologists held this Tuesday, March 5, the Health Sector recommended to medical personnel that in cases that meet the definition of Guillan Barré Syndrome, they should investigate the history of gastrointestinal or respiratory infection or Covid vaccination. 19 and Influenza.

    In the case of confirmed cases, find out the consumption of meat and the possible place of purchase or consumption, in addition, measure residual chlorine in the localities of origin of the cases.

    Symptoms of this syndrome include loss of sensation or tingling sensations in the legs or arms, pain similar to a muscle cramp, uncoordinated movement, blurred vision, and falls.

    Guillain-Barré syndrome is a disease in which the immune system itself attacks the nervous system, which causes inflammation of the nerves and initially generates weakness in the legs, arms or torso; The intensity of these symptoms can increase to cause paralysis and be life-threatening when breathing, blood pressure, and heart rate are interfered with.



    El Sector Salud de Tlaxcala (Sesa Tlaxcala) exhortó al personal de las unidades médicas de primer y segundo nivel de atención, a reforzar las medidas de capacitación al personal médico para...


    ------------------------------------------------

    GUILLAIN BARRE SYNDROME

    Alert in Tlaxcala for a dozen cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome

    This condition is rare and is characterized by tingling in the hands and feet that ascends to the arms and legs. It can be caused by bacteria present in contaminated chicken meat.

    Alejandro Guzman
    Mexico -MAR 14 2024 - 05:30 CET

    Eleven confirmed cases of a rare disorder, but which can affect anyone, keep the authorities of the State of Tlaxcala on alert. This is Guillain-Barré syndrome , in which the immune system attacks the nervous system, causing inflammation of the nerves. It causes muscle weakness and in some cases progressive paralysis. The first symptoms are usually tingling in the feet and hands. Although its exact cause is unknown, one of the most common risk factors is infection by the Campylobacter jejuni bacteria, precisely the proven origin in eight of the patients, according to official information. Until now, the total number of suspected cases in the entity is 37. The Tlaxcala Health Secretariat mentions chicken meat as a possible source of infection in its epidemiological alert of March 5, directed at first and second medical units. level of care, but has not corroborated it.

    The infectologist Alejandro Macías , who was special commissioner in Mexico for the attention of the influenza A (H1N1) pandemic in 2009, explains by telephone that each year there are estimated to be around 1,000 cases of the syndrome in the country. “ Campylobacter jejuni infections are generally due to fecal contamination and very frequently due to contamination of chicken meat. From this meat it can be contaminated, for example, if you are preparing raw chicken and you are preparing a batch of vegetables on the side that you are going to eat raw. The chicken is not going to make you sick because you are going to cook it, but the raw vegetable that you contaminated through cross contamination is going to make you sick. It is a very common mechanism,” he adds.

    The specialist clarifies that another of the recognized causes of Guillain-Barré is influenza . “Probably even Covid-19 itself. “Infections in general terms have been associated with the syndrome.” However, he emphasizes that it is not appropriate to attribute it to vaccines. “There is no shortage of people who want to attribute it to vaccines, because in the seventies it was associated with the influenza vaccine, but if you analyze it there is no epidemiological association.” The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) notes on its website that if there is a risk of developing Guillain-Barré syndrome after getting the flu vaccine, “it is minor, in order of one or two cases per million doses of influenza vaccines” in that country.
    ...
    In the State of Sinaloa, four cases of January syndrome have been recorded to date in different municipalities, said the state Secretary of Health, Cuitláhuac González Galindo, according to the Quadratín agency, but the situation has not escalated to a health alert. . On March 6, the Epidemiological and Health Intelligence Unit (UIES) of Tlaxcala reported in an information sheet that the risk level in the State is “Level 2”, which implies that the possibility of getting sick is “medium” and that “there are specific medical measures against this disease.” He adds that event-based surveillance will continue and that until that date there were no reports from authorities of existing cases in the rest of the country.



    ----------------------------------------------

    In Eight Days, Suspected Cases of Guillain-Barré Syndrome Double in Tlaxcala

    Suspected cases increased from 24 to 51, of which 11 have already been confirmed; six patients are delicate

    March 15, 2024 | 02:19 hrs
    |N+

    In Tlaxcala, cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome , caused by a bacteria, continue to increase . More than 50 patients present the symptoms , of which 11 have already been confirmed, while the rest continue to be analyzed.

    In just eight days, suspected cases doubled from 24 to 51. In this regard, Rigoberto Zamudio, state Health Secretary , explained:

    We have 51 cases of acute flaccid paralysis, of those 51 cases 11 people remain hospitalized; Of these 51 cases, Guillain-Barré was documented in 11 of them associated with campylobacter jejuni.

    Among the 11 confirmed cases in Tlaxcala, there are children from four years of age and adults over 75. Meanwhile, at least 40 cases are still under study and six patients are delicate.
    ...

    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

  • #2

    hat tip @pandidansk


    WEDNESDAY MARCH 20, 2024

    Tlaxcala registers second death associated with Guillain Barré Syndrome

    It happened this Wednesday at the IMSS General Hospital, as a result of respiratory deterioration with hemodynamic deterioration.

    more.....


    Comment


    • #3
      Translation Google


      GUILLAIN BARRE SYNDROME

      Tlaxcala records the first death of a patient with Guillain-Barré syndrome

      A 48-year-old man died this Saturday in a Social Security hospital in that entity, which already has the highest number of confirmed cases in the country with that disease.

      ERIKA ROSETE
      Mexico -MAR 21 2024 - 02:32 CET

      A 48-year-old man died this Saturday in a hospital at the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) in the State of Tlaxcala, after presenting with Guillain-Barré syndrome, a rare disease in which the body's immune system attacks part of the system. highly strung. The entity issued an epidemiological alert on March 5, due to the increase in cases during the months of January and February. In the first weeks of March, the Secretary of State Health assured that in just one week the cases went from 24 to 41. With this, Tlaxcala has become the entity with the most cases of this disease in the country.

      The Secretary of Health, Rigoberto Zamudio, declared that in the State there are currently 66 patients with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) syndrome - the most frequent cause is usually Guillain-Barré syndrome -, of which 26, in fact, gave positive for that syndrome. He also reported that there are 11 hospitalized patients in a “serious” condition and that the positives have been concentrated in 25 of the 60 municipalities of the entity. “The only relationship is the ingestion of contaminated chicken,” confirmed Zamudio.

      The secretary has assured that, according to the samples collected by health authorities, the majority of the records have tested positive for the bacteria C ampylobacter jejuni, present in white meat, specifically in chicken, for which the State authorities have closed and fined about 35 establishments selling this type of meat, located in Tlaxcala capital, Ixtenco, Chiautempan and Apizaco, municipalities in which they found poorly preserved meat.
      ...
      Un hombre de 48 años ha fallecido este sábado en un hospital del Seguro Social en esa entidad, que ya tiene el mayor número de casos confirmados en el país con esa enfermedad


      -------------------------------------------------------------

      Second death confirmed in Tlaxcala due to Guillain-Barré syndrome: How many active cases are there?

      There are 66 suspected cases in the entity, according to the Ministry of Health

      By Anayeli Tapia Sandoval
      Mar 21, 2024 03:20 am EST

      A few hours after the first death was confirmed in Tlaxcala due to Guillain-Barré syndrome, the entity's Health authorities reported the second recorded death.

      According to the information, it was a 65-year-old man who was in the Zone 1 General Hospital of the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS). The causes of death were respiratory and hemodynamic complications associated with the syndrome.

      The patient, who had been admitted to the intensive care unit for inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy derived from Guillain-Barré syndrome, was being treated with mechanical ventilation. Despite the efforts of the medical staff, who applied advanced cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuvers after the absence of a central pulse, the man did not respond and died.

      This event adds to another death reported hours before, bringing to two the deaths linked to this syndrome in Tlaxcala, which is on epidemiological alert.

      According to the information, the first fatality of this syndrome in Tlaxcala was a 48-year-old man with a chronic-degenerative disease. The victim was admitted to the same hospital mentioned above.
      ...
      The Tlaxcala Health Sector has urged the population to adopt preventive measures to avoid diseases related to this syndrome. Among the recommendations are frequent hand washing, consumption of boiled or chlorinated water, adequate washing of fruits and vegetables, and correct cooking of food, especially meat products, as effective methods to reduce the risk of contracting the syndrome. by Guillain-Barré.

      In addition, Rigoberto Zamudio , head of the Tlaxcala Health Secretariat, said that currently there are 26 active cases in the entity, of which there are 11 seriously hospitalized, including two minors.

      Likewise, there are 66 suspected cases in the region . The municipalities with the highest number of confirmed cases are the capital Tlaxcala, Calpulalpan and Santa Cruz Tlaxcala. It should be noted that the first case occurred in Ixtenco.
      ...



      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
      -Nelson Mandela

      Comment


      • sharon sanders
        sharon sanders commented
        Editing a comment
        Tiaxcala is about 70 miles from Mexico City.

    • #4
      Translation Google

      THE NUMBER OF ACCUMULATED CASES OF ACUTE FLACID PARALYSIS MAINTAINS IN TLAXCALA


      In the last 24 hours, the registration of cases for this condition has not increased


      03/22/2024

      The Health Sector of the State of Tlaxcala reported that, as of this Friday, March 22, the number of accumulated cases of Acute Flaccid Paralysis remains at 76, a condition of the nervous system that causes muscle weakness and paralysis.

      Of this total, 38 people have been discharged after receiving treatment, and 35 remain hospitalized, of which nine are recovered and under observation, 16 are in non-serious condition, and eight are in serious condition and are in intensive care.

      To date, three deaths have been confirmed due to Acute Flaccid Paralysis associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome.

      The Health Sector urged the population to maintain preventive hygiene measures, such as constant hand washing with soap and water, and sanitation in the handling, preparation and consumption of food, mainly meat.

      In addition, it remains attentive to the evolution of hospitalized people, as well as the development of actions and activities focused on protecting the health of the population.

      The information will be updated on March 23 at 6:00 p.m., or sooner if the case warrants it.


      https://comunicacion.tlaxcala.gob.mx...axcala&catid=2


      -----------------------------------


      Translation Google

      LOCAL/ SATURDAY MARCH 23, 2024

      Guillain-Barré syndrome has eight patients in intensive care

      A 24-year-old girl from Contla de Juan Cuamatzi is the third fatality from the syndrome

      Nadia Mendoza / El Sol de Tlaxcala

      According to the state health sector , of the 35 hospitalized patients, nine are recovered and under observation; 18 report a non-serious condition and eight show a serious condition , for which they were admitted to intensive care.

      With data as of this Friday, March 22, the health sector confirmed the registration of 76 cases of Acute Flaccid Paralysis and confirmed that 21 cases were diagnosed with Guillain-Barré , five are under study and observation.

      Meanwhile, the Ministry of Health (Sesa) reported that 38 people have already been discharged after receiving treatment to combat muscle weakness and paralysis.
      ...

      THE THIRD DEATH

      A 24-year-old woman was the third person to lose her life from Guillain-Barré syndrome in Tlaxcala.

      According to the death certificate to which El Sol de Tlaxcala had access, the patient lost her life on March 21 at the Tzompantepec IMSS-Bienestar Emilio Sánchez Piedras Regional Hospital , after presenting with acute respiratory failure as a result of the syndrome.
      ...

      THE FIRST TWO DEATHS

      On March 19, state authorities announced the first death due to Guillain-Barré, it was a 48-year-old man with chronic degenerative disease, who was hospitalized at the General Hospital of Zone Number 1 of the IMSS.

      The second death was reported on March 20 in a 65-year-old man, as a result of respiratory deterioration with hemodynamic detriment. He was also hospitalized in the same IMSS hospital. The official report indicated that the patient was receiving treatment after being admitted for polyinflammatory demyelinating neuropathy suggestive of Guillain-Barré.

      ...

      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
      -Nelson Mandela

      Comment


      • #5
        bump this

        Comment


        • #6

          Translation Google

          INCREASES TO 57 PATIENTS DISCHARGED AFTER RECEIVING TREATMENT FOR ACUTE FLACID PARALYSIS

          The state of Tlaxcala already has a special bed to rehabilitate patients with this condition

          03/29/2024

          The entity already has a specialized bed for rehabilitation

          The Health Sector of the State of Tlaxcala reported that, by evolving favorably, the number of people who have been discharged after receiving treatment for Acute Flaccid Paralysis, a condition of the nervous system that causes muscle weakness and paralysis, increased to 57.

          The report indicates that, of the 81 cases accumulated due to this disorder until the last cut, 21 people remain hospitalized, of which 13 are in non-serious condition, and the rest in intensive care.

          The total accumulated cases include the three deaths confirmed by Acute Flaccid Paralysis associated with Guillain-Barré Syndrome.


          The Health Sector indicated that there is 100 percent coverage of medications for hospitalized patients to guarantee their adequate recovery, and that, in addition, the State of Tlaxcala already has a special bed to rehabilitate patients with Acute Flaccid Paralysis.

          This bed is already in operation at the IMSS-Bienestar Regional Hospital of Tzompantepec “Emilio Sánchez Piedras”, and favors the gradual recovery of their mobility so that they can return to their activities normally. The health, nursing and medical staff of the hospital were trained in its operation and functioning to provide care and rehabilitation schemes to patients who require it.

          In this way, the care and equipment that contributes to the treatment and recovery of people diagnosed with paralysis is strengthened, which adds to the sufficient supply of Intravenous Human Immunoglobulin that the Health Sector has distributed in Tlaxcala Hospitals for patients. of Acute Flaccid Paralysis.

          The Health Sector reiterated that it remains attentive to the evolution of hospitalized people, as well as the development of actions and activities focused on protecting the health of the population.

          Likewise, he urged people to maintain preventive hygiene measures, such as constant hand washing with soap and water, and sanitation in the handling, preparation and consumption of food, mainly meat. Also, consider that the increase in temperatures due to the hot season contributes to the decomposition of food.

          The Health Sector mentioned that the corresponding information will be updated if the situation warrants it.

          "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
          -Nelson Mandela

          Comment


          • #7

            Translation Google

            PATIENTS DISCHARGED FOR ACUTE FLACID PARALYSIS INCREASE TO 72

            The population is urged to maintain hygiene and health measures in the handling, preparation and consumption of food.


            04/04/2024

            The Health Sector of the state of Tlaxcala reported that, as of April 4, 2024, the number of patients discharged after receiving treatment for Acute Flaccid Paralysis, a condition of the nervous system that causes muscle weakness and paralysis, increased to 72.

            The report indicates that, of the 87 cases accumulated due to this disorder until the last cut, 11 people remain hospitalized.

            The total accumulated cases include four deaths confirmed by Acute Flaccid Paralysis associated with Guillain-Barré Syndrome.

            The last death was recorded this Thursday, April 4, and corresponds to a man with a history of having suffered from the syndrome on two occasions; therefore, such consequences and his third diagnosis of the disease complicated his state of health.


            The state Health Sector indicated that, to date, it has enough medications to care for hospitalized patients, as well as a special bed to promote their rehabilitation.

            In addition, it remains aware of the evolution of people hospitalized for said nervous system condition, as well as the development of actions focused on protecting the health of the population.

            In this regard, he urged the population to maintain preventive hygiene measures, such as constant hand washing with soap and water, and sanitation in the handling, preparation and consumption of food, mainly meat.

            Also consider that the increase in temperatures due to the hot season contributes to the decomposition of food and the increase in gastrointestinal diseases.

            The Health Sector will update the corresponding information if the situation warrants it.

            https://comunicacion.tlaxcala.gob.mx...-aguda&catid=2


            "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
            -Nelson Mandela

            Comment


            • #8
              Translation Google

              PATIENTS DISCHARGED AFTER RECEIVING TREATMENT FOR ACUTE FLACID PARALYSIS IN TLAXCALA INCREASE TO 81


              The downward trend in the disease continues, since last March 17, to date


              04/19/2024

              The Tlaxcala Health Sector reported that the number of patients discharged after receiving treatment for Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) increased to 81, a condition of the nervous system that causes muscle weakness and paralysis.

              The report indicates that, of the 90 accumulated cases of this disorder, five people remain hospitalized. The total accumulated cases include four deaths confirmed by AFP associated with Guillain-Barré Syndrome.

              Data from the platform of the National Epidemiological Surveillance System of the federal Ministry of Health showed that, in epidemiological week 16, the current one, only one suspected case was treated for this condition of the nervous system.

              This confirms a downward trend since March 17, 2024, which corresponds to epidemiological week 12, as a result of the epidemiological fencing actions in the municipalities where people with the condition were identified.

              Also to the chlorination actions of 33 water wells, the analysis of more than 200 chicken meat samples and more than 200 training sessions in meat handling for poultry merchants.

              In this regard, the Health Sector recognized the effort made by chicken meat merchants to reinforce hygiene measures in their establishments, in order to offer a product handled under health and hygiene conditions.

              Also the work for the review of businesses selling this meat, through the State Commission for the Protection against Sanitary Risks of Tlaxcala (Coeprist) and the State Directorate of Epidemiology.

              It is worth remembering that, since the issuance of the epidemiological notice, at the beginning of last March, the authorities of the sector have maintained an orientation and advisory campaign aimed at establishments dedicated to the sale of chicken meat to indicate the regulations and the measures that they must comply with. , to avoid contamination of raw meat, and take care of the health of consumers.

              The Health Sector remains attentive to the recovery of hospitalized patients and maintains active actions to promote health measures to reduce the risks of infection by Campylobacter bacteria, which cause gastrointestinal diseases, as well as AFP.

              https://comunicacion.tlaxcala.gob.mx...cala-2&catid=2


              "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
              -Nelson Mandela

              Comment

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