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Global Avian Influenza Viruses with Zoonotic Potential situation update (FAO, December 28, 2023)

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  • Global Avian Influenza Viruses with Zoonotic Potential situation update (FAO, December 28, 2023)

    Global Avian Influenza Viruses with Zoonotic Potential situation update

    28 December 2023, 08:30 hours; Rome

    Overview


    This update covers avian influenza viruses (AIV) with zoonotic potential occurring worldwide, i.e. H5Nx, H7Nx high pathogenicity avian influenza (HPAI) viruses and H3N8, H5Nx, H6N1, H7Nx, H9N2, H10N3, H10N7, H10N8 and H11 low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI).

    Specific information is available for Avian Influenza A(H7N9) virus viruses and Sub-Saharan Africa HPAI in related FAO Avian Influenza situation updates.

    HPAI outbreaks in animals officially reported since last update (28 September 2023): in total, 715 outbreaks/events have been reported in four geographic regions caused by H5Nx (101), H5N1 (580), H5N5 (2), H5N6 (28), H7N6 (2) and HxNx (2). (see Table 1 for details)

    LPAI events in animals officially reported since the last update (30 November 2023): 15 new events were reported.

    Number of human cases officially reported since last update (30 November 2023): 3 new events were reported.1,2

    1 https://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/...htm?fontSize=1
    2 https://cdn.who.int/media/docs/defau...ember-2023.pdf

    Map 1. Global distribution of AIV with zoonotic potential* observed since 1 October 2023 (i.e. current wave)



    Note: Symbols may overlap for events in similar geographic locations.
    * includes H5Nx HPAI viruses.

    Map 2. Global distribution of AIV with zoonotic potential* observed in the period 1 October 2022 to 30 September 2023 (i.e. previous wave)

    Note: Symbols may overlap for events in similar geographic locations.
    * includes H5Nx, H7Nx high pathogenicity avian influenza (HPAI) viruses and H3N8, H5Nx, H7Nx and H9N2 low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI).


    Table 1. High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses with zoonotic potential
    H5 Canada1 16/11/2023 1
    (in W)
    15$
    (in W)
    Common Goldeneye, Rough-legged Buzzard
    Colombia 19/12/2023 2 6 Unspecified domestic birds
    France 18/12/2023 5 6 Unspecified domestic birds
    Japan 23/12/2023 11
    (incl. W8, C1, E2)
    11
    (incl. W8, C1, E2)
    Eurasian wigeon, Harris's Hawk, Large-billed crow, White-tailed eagle; Feces of Anatidae, fly
    The Republic of Korea 25/12/2023 1 1 Duck
    Peru 06/12/2023 59
    (inclu. W4)
    255
    (inclu. W36)
    Magnificent Frigatebird, Peruvian Booby, Waved albatross
    South Africa 25/10/2023 1 14 Poultry
    Ukraine 22/12/202 1
    (in W)
    1
    (in W)
    Mute Swan
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland2 Week 48 1
    (in W)
    3
    (in W)
    Greylag Goose, Herring Gull, Merlin
    United States of America3 17/12/2023 19
    (in W)
    76
    (in W)
    American green-winged teal, American wigeon, Double-crested cormorant, Herring gull, Mallard, Northern pintail, Northern shoveler, Wood duck
    H5N1 Austria 05/12/2023 4
    (in W)
    14
    (incl. W12)
    Common Crane, Mute Swan
    Belgium 10/12/2023 4
    (incl. W2)
    4
    (incl. W2)
    Eurasian Curlew, Peregrin Falcon
    Brazil 12/12/2023 3
    (in W)
    41
    (incl. W36, M5)
    Manx Shearwater, Neotropic cormorant, Royal Tern
    Cambodia 06/12/2023 1 5 Poultry
    Canada1 09/12/2023 14
    (incl. W3, M3, rEN)
    56
    (incl. W5, M4, EA, rEN)
    Unspecified domestic birds; American green-winged Teal, Bald Eagle, Black-billed Magpie, Canada Goose, Common Goldeneye, Common Raven, Gadwall, Great Horned Owl, Greater white-fronted Goose, Ring-billed Gull, Rock Pigeon, Swainson's Hawk, Western Grebe; Cat, Red Fox, Striped skunk
    China§ 21/12/2023 7
    (incl. W3, E1)
    11
    (incl. W3, E2)
    Chicken, goose; Black-faced spoonbill, Eurasian Wigeon, Falcated Duck; faecal dropping
    Croatia 14/11/2023 1
    (in W)
    2
    (incl. W1)
    Common Crane
    Denmark 05/12/2023 15
    (incl. W14)
    17
    (incl. W14)
    Chicken, Duck; Barnacle Goose, Black-headed Gull, Eurasian Buzzard, Eurasian Wigeon, Greylag Goose, Mute Swan, Northern Pintail, Peregrine Falcon, Whooper Swan
    Ecuador 04/12/2023 1 6
    (incl. W5)
    Chickens, Ducks and Geese
    Falkland Islands
    (Malvinas)
    30/10/2023 1
    (in W)
    1
    (in W)
    Black-Browed Albatross, Southern Fulmar
    Finland 15/12/2023 12
    (in M)
    49
    (incl. W3, M46)
    American Mink, Arctic Fox, Raccoon Dog, Red Fox
    France 11/12/2023 6
    (in W)
    7
    (in W)
    Common Crane, Eurasian Buzzard, Eurasian Oystercatcher, Great Black-backed Gull, Herring Gull
    Germany 21/12/2023 33
    (incl. W18)
    50
    (incl. W31)
    Duck, Chicken, Goose, Turkey, Unspecified Domestic Birds; Accipitridae, Anatidae, Swan, Gruidae, Laridae, Strigidae
    Hungary 21/12/2023 43
    (incl. W10)
    111
    (incl. W42)
    Unspecified Domestic Birds; Black-Headed Gull, Common Crane, Great Egret, Greater White-fronted Goose, Grey Heron
    India 28/02/2023 1 13
    (incl. W12)
    Unspecified Domestic Birds
    Israel 05/12/2023 3 5
    (incl. W2)
    Unspecified domestic birds
    Italy 14/12/2023 7
    (incl. W6)
    18
    (incl. W13)
    Unspecified domestic birds; Common Crane, Common Teal, Eurasian Curlew
    Japan 21/12/2023 21
    (incl. W15, E5)
    75
    (incl. W59, C1, E11)
    Chicken; Dunlin, Herring gull, Hooded crane, Large-billed crow, Northern pintail, Tufted duck, White-naped crane, Whooper swan; Anatidae feces, waterfrom crane habitat
    The Republic of Korea 20/12/2023 7*
    (incl. W3)
    8*
    (incl. W4)
    Meat Duck; Eurasian Wigeon, wild bird carcass
    * Including H5N1, H5N6 mix infection on a duck farm
    Lithuania 18/12/202 1 1 Turkey
    Mexico 07/12/2023 1
    (in W)
    7
    (incl. W4)
    Northern Pintail
    Republic of Moldova 25/12/2023 15
    (in W)
    15
    (in W)
    Swan, Mute Swan
    Netherlands (Kingdom of the) 08/12/2023 9
    (incl. W8)
    23
    (incl. W18, C1)
    Poultry; Bean Goose, Greylag Goose, Herring Gull, Mallard, Peregrine Falcon
    Poland 20/12/2023 5
    (incl. W1)
    8
    (incl. W1)
    Poultry
    Romania 21/12/2023 3
    (incl. W2)
    12
    (incl. W9)
    Poultry, Mute Swan, Whooper Swan
    Spain 04/12/2023 6
    (in W)
    10
    (in W)
    Black-headed Gull, Common Crane, Yellow-legged Gull
    Sweden 11/12/2023 4
    (in W)
    10
    (in W)
    Barnacle Goose
    United Kingdom2 14/12/2023 3
    (in W)
    16
    (in W11)
    Unspecified poultry; Greylag Goose, Herring Gull, Merlin
    United States of America3 21/12/2023 349
    (incl. W279, EA, rEN)
    1 407
    (incl. W1199, M1, EA, rEN)
    Chicken, Duck, Turkey, Gamebird, Unspecified poultry; American black duck, American green-winged teal, American wigeon, Bald eagle, Black vulture, Blue-winged teal, Cackling goose, Canada goose, Canvasback, Cinnamon teal, Common raven, Gadwall, Great horned owl, Greater white-fronted goose, Lesser scaup, Mallard, Mottled duck, Northern pintail, Northern shoveler, Peregrine falcon, Redhead duck, Red-tailed hawk, Ring-necked duck, Ross's goose, Sanderling, Snow goose, Sparrow, Swan, Trumpeter swan, Tundra swan, Wild turkey, Wood duck
    H5N5 Canada 29/06/2023 1
    (in W)
    2
    (in W)
    European Herring Gull, Great Black-backed Gull
    Iceland 17/11/2023 1
    (in W)
    6
    (in W)
    Common Raven
    H5N6 Japan 06/12/2023 1
    (in W)
    1
    (in W)
    Peregrine falcon
    The Republic of Korea 19/12/202 27*
    (incl. W6)
    27*
    (incl. W6)
    Chicken, Duck; Mandarin Duck, Mallard, Whooper Swan, Wild bird captured/carcass, Wild bird faeces
    * Including H5N1, H5N6 mix infection on a duck farm
    H7N6 South Africa 24/11/2023 2 61 Poultry
    HxNx Indonesia December 1 Unspecified Domestic Birds
    Viet Nam 14/12/2023 >=1 >15
    (total since 01/01/2023)
    Poultry
    Data was retrieved from WOAH WAHIS portal, government websites. Data cut off time: reported on 28 December 2023 8:30 CEST. $:estimate.
    § During the reporting period, China (Hong Kong SAR) also reported two H5 in Eurasian wigeons and three H5N1 detections in a Pin-tailed snipe and Eurasian teals (pathogenicity unknown).
    The full list of bird and mammalian species affected by H5Nx HPAI are available HERE.
    Notes: Only those reporting events in animals since 24 August 2023 are listed in the table, those reporting for the first time since 1 October 2023 in orange. Codes: D:domestic, C:captivity, W:wild birds, F: Feral, E:Environment, M: mammalian species other than humans, example: W123 indicates 123 wild birds affected. EA: Fully Eurasian; rEN: Reassortment Eurasian and North American.
    1 the total includes events with sample collection date since 1 October 2023 data issued from the Canada Food and Inspection Agency dashboard [link]
    2 a detailed list of wild bird species affected, consult weekly findings report on avian influenza in wild birds from Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) [link]
    3 for more information, consult dedicated webpage of the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA/APHIS) [link]


    Table 2. Low Pathogenicity Avian Influenza A Viruses with zoonotic potential: events reported in animals or the environment since 1 October 2023
    H5 The Republic of Korea 04/12/2023 1
    (in E)
    3
    (incl. W1, E2)
    Wild bird carcass; wild bird faeces
    H5N2 The Republic of Korea 06/11/2023 0 2
    (incl. W1, E1)
    Wild bird faeces
    H5N3 Japan 11/10/2023 1
    (in W)
    1
    (in W)
    Mallard
    The Republic of Korea 13/12/2023 11
    (in E)
    41
    (incl. W2, E38)
    Meat duck; a captured wild bird, wild bird faeces
    H7N1 The Republic of Korea 05/12/2023 1
    (in E)
    1
    (in E)
    Wild bird faeces
    H7N7 The Republic of Korea 05/12/2023 1
    (in W)
    1
    (in W)
    A captured wild bird
    Source: Veterinary authorities.


    ...
    This update covers avian influenza viruses with zoonotic potential occurring worldwide, i.e. H5Nx, H7Nx highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses and ...
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