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New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2

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  • #16
    Re: New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2


    Kamis 27 Desember 2012
    Virus A1 Subtipe H5N1-Jenis Baru, Tapi Bukan Hasil Mutasi

    Google translation:

    Thursday, December 27, 2012
    Virus Subtype H5N1-type A1 New, But Not The Mutation

    YOGYAKARTA - case of avian influenza viruses (H5N1) that occurred during December 2012 is considered an expert veterinary UGM as a virus belonging baru.Virus found as the cause of death was identified thousands of ducks have different clade (grouping chromosome virus) with the bird flu virus known so far.

    "The virus is a new virus subtype H5N1 clade A1, while the virus during this year and we also used to be an epidemic in Indonesia is virus subtype H5N1 clade A1 2.1.Kendati Thus, the new virus is not a mutation of the virus before, "said Professor of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (FKH) drh Widya Asmara, Prof. SU PhD in Yogyakarta yesterday. Widya said, the rate of malignancy, with clade viruses including the virulent virus.

    For events in the world, the virus has attacked the poultry farms in Nepal in 2010 and had entered Indonesia in recent years ini. Kemungkinan spread of bird flu virus in Indonesia recently because of two things namely the migration of wild birds from the northern part of the earth to the south and trade ducks from Asian countries to Indonesia.

    "Until now I have no vaccine for this strain vaccine baruinidiIndonesia.Sedangkan A-1 are now available are not able to cope with the A-1 of the new field although dosing tinggi.Memang do need to think about the development of new vaccines," he said. According to him, it had started to do research on a vaccine for the new virus.

    However, vaccine development to the fullest especially mass production is still constrained government permission pusat.Dengan government enforcement of a new rule that prohibits the manufacture of new vaccines, Faculty can not do manufacture a vaccine for the H5N1 virus subtype A1 clade Meanwhile, Head of the Veterinary Information Center for Veterinary Yogyakarta drh Putut Djoko Purnomo said, for the DIY area an outbreak of bird flu virus later this year have occurred in duck farms in three districts namely Minggir in Sleman district, District Jetis, Pleret, Sanden,

    Sewon, and Srandakan in Bantul, and District Galur on Kulonprogo. "Until now there are about 4,700 ducks that died from an estimated 600,000 a DIY duck populations. And that became the main issue in the prevention of the spread of this virus exists in poultry traffic control, "he said.   lratih keswara / zaenalalimin


    • #17
      Re: New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2

      New strain of avian flu kills thousands of ducks across Java

      Slamet Susanto and Arya Dipa, The Jakarta Post, Yogyakarta/Bandung | Archipelago | Thu, December 27 2012

      A research and laboratory test conducted by the Veterinary Center (BBVet) Yogyakarta has found that the avian flu that killed thousands of ducks in Yogyakarta, Central Java and East Java was a new strain of the H5N1 virus.

      BBVet epidemiologist Putut Djoko Purnomo said that there were suspicions that the new avian flu strain was also attacking other species of birds including thousands of chickens in Yogyakarta.

      There have been reports on sudden chicken deaths, but we are still examining if they were caused by the new virus,” Putut said in Yogyakarta on Wednesday.

      The new strain, the expert said, was identified as H5N1 clade 2.3, which reportedly only attacks ducks. It is described as more malignant than H5N1 clade 2.1, which had been killing chickens. The initial attack of this new virus in three provinces was noted in September 2012.

      So far, 113,700 ducks have reportedly died because of the virus in the three provinces — Yogyakarta, Central Java and East Java — over the last four months. Some 64,000 were in Central Java, 45,000 in East Java and 4,700 in Yogyakarta.

      As preventive measures, Putut suggested that farmers used disinfectant, culled infected birds and monitored bird traffic. Fumigation, he said, would not have significant results.

      Indonesia, according to Putut, does not yet have the vaccine for the new virus, which was first found in Nepal in 2010 and was later spread by migratory birds to India, China and Japan. It spread throughout Asia and finally reached Indonesia by the end of this year.

      The chairman of the Association of Local Poultry Breeders Yogyakarta, Ismartoyo, said most of the dead birds were found along river banks or coastal areas.

      The virus outbreak has sharply affected duck farmers in Yogyakarta, especially as concerns have arisen that the eggs they source from Blitar and Kediri in East Java may have been infected.

      Separately, the head of the West Java Animal Husbandry Agency, Koesmayadie Tatang Padmadinata said that up to mid December, 2,907 ducks had died after being infected with the new strain of the avian flu.

      “The cases in Bekasi and Indramayu were positively caused by the new strain. The case in Subang is still waiting for examination results,” Koesmayadie said in Bandung on Wednesday, adding that the infected ducks in Indramayu had come from Brebes, Central Java.

      West Java, he said, was home to some 9 million ducks, 38 million chickens bred for eggs and 87 millions of chickens bred for meat.

      In anticipation of the possible spread of the new strain, the animal husbandry office distributed disinfectant all across the province, especially in regions where confirmed cases had been found.

      Other precautionary programs included examining the new virus strain at the animal drug examination and certification center. “We are now testing [to determine] if the old vaccine is also effective against the new virus. We expect to have the results in about six weeks,” he said.

      Koesmayadie also said that monitoring of the new virus strain had been conducted by 222 officers of the disease surveillance response division. They are tasked with providing details of virus outbreaks within 24 hours.

      The transfer of ducks from regions with confirmed outbreaks of avian flu has been prohibited as a further precaution.

      Meanwhile, the manager of the chicken breeding company CV Missouri, Charly Latif, said that he did not worry about the new virus strain, arguing that all the chickens at his company have received complete vaccinations.

      “Beside, the virus so far is only attacking ducks, mostly bred by residents,” he said.

      Jakarta Post
      “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
      Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

      ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ ~~~


      • #18
        Re: New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2


        The H5N1 subclade 2.3.2. seems to have been introduced in Java (trade?). Reportedly the strain has been found afterwards in Sumatra en Sulawesi. Now this report from Bali.

        New Bird Flu Clade Detected in 3 districts in Bali

        Concerns about the spread of bird flu or any type of new gene clade 2.3.2 finally happened. Transmission of avian influenza in ducks are now also detected in three districts in Bali.

        DENPASAR, BALI - Department of Animal Husbandry and Animal Health Bali detect the spread of avian influenza in ducks in three districts in Bali. Avian influenza clade (type of gene) was detected in the new 2.3.2 Buleleng, Klungkung and Tabanan.

        Chief of Department of Animal Husbandry and Animal Health Ir Bali Province. Putu Sumantra in keteranganya in Denpasar on Saturday morning revealed to anticipate the spread of bird flu in ducks, have made ​​limited extermination measures. addition, the district / town in Bali asked to tighten surveillance of poultry traffic between districts. According to Sumantra, clade spread of bird flu in Bali just happened to one of them due to the illegal entry of poultry. "Submission may first illegally entered from the outside, as we see in some places there was he getting ducks from the West (Java), but it is likely The second of the wild birds such as grouse, ducks there, could have been carried away by it, "said Ir. Putu Sumantra.

        Sumantra added due to the spread of bird flu in ducks, there were about 1,500 ducks had been culled after bird flu confirmed positive. Dimusnakan Ducks are later reimbursed by the district. "What in Buleleng will be replaced sought from the budget two, we've been asked to do so, by how much the tail later, there will be negotiations, we are looking for rules (it). If the existing inter-district and outbreaks statement we can help, there are stages, "he added.

        Meanwhile, Chief Medical Officer Dr Bali. Ketut Suarjaya delivered in anticipation of bird flu transmission to humans, Health Department have reinstated three bird flu referral hospital in addition to Sanglah General Hospital in Denpasar. third referral hospitals namely Tabanan Hospital, Hospital Wangaya Denpasar and Gianyar Regency Hospital .

        According Suarjaya, in general, all the regional hospital district in Bali has the ability to anticipate the handling of cases of bird flu but its operations are constrained availability of isolation rooms. "Surely they can afford in terms of human resources, which means that there are cases that can be directly addressed early there, but only referred to stabilization. So that means for the initial phase of stabilization for emergency things that can be done in any hospital just as soon as he is stable or worsening signs directly refer to the Sanglah, "said dr. Ketut Suarjaya.

        To anticipate the spread of bird flu new clade to Bali, Bali previous governments have enacted regulations that prohibit the governor of Bali duck meat intake, especially from the island of Java.

        “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
        Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

        ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ ~~~


        • #19
          Re: New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2


          Kematian 200 Ribu Lebih Itik Akibat Flu Burung Clade Baru
          Rabu, 09 Januari 2013, 23:29 WIB

          200 Thousand Deaths More Ducks Clade New Bird Flu
          Wednesday, January 9, 2013, 23:29 pm

          REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA - Coordinating Unit for Disease Control Avian Influenza (UPPAI) Central Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health Kementan Drs M.Azhar revealed that as many as 242,368 ducks died of bird flu outbreak a new kind (of AI H5N1 clade 2.3.2) .

          "Since the outbreak of new cases of AI H5N1 clade that clade 2.3.2 from October 2012 to January 8, 2013 has caused the death of 242 368 duck tail in 11 provinces," said Azhar Menkokesra Office on Wednesday (9/1).

          Duck deaths were highest in the province of Central Java is also a regional center for the development of the number of deaths 148 176 duck tail. The amount is spread over 24 districts / cities including Brebes, Tegal, Pekalongan, Jepara, and Pati.

          Followed later East Java Province with a total of 39 261 deaths duck tail, spread over 11 districts of West Java province with 23 037 deaths duck tail spread across 12 districts / cities, and South Sulawesi province with a total of 15 254 deaths duck tail spread across the districts / city.

          Other provinces such as DIY, Lampung, Jakarta, Bali, Riau, West Sulawesi and West Sumatra 5000 deaths duck under the tail.

          According to Azhar likely spread of the bird flu virus is caused by the introduction of other countries to Indonesia. "The pattern is studied in depth," said Azhar.

          Azhar explained in the policy, the government has never given permission to enter the poultry from countries infected with bird flu. There are only four countries are allowed to import poultry to Indonesia. "There are four states that allowed the AI-free conditions based on WHO recommendations," said Azhar.

          Azhar said the two types of the H5N1 bird flu virus either clade 2.1.3 and clade 2.3.2 is equally zoonotic diseases or infections which are naturally transmitted from vertebrate animals to humans or vice versa.
          Editor: Maya Ritzki Pitakasari
          Reporter: Fenny Melisa