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  • New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2

    machinetranslation

    New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia

    Updated on 10 December 2012

    Hundreds of thousands of birds in some regions ducks died from bird flu strain recently discovered in Indonesia.

    Director of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture, told Radio Australia Pujiatmoko explaining Ministry have detected the presence of a new type derived from bird flu since last September.

    Certainty new type of bird flu virus in the world known as Avian Influenza after passing through a series of tests in a laboratory involving researchers.

    The Ministry of Agriculture said the bird flu virus newly discovered variant of the H5N1 strain.

    "Sub her type 2.3.2 which is a new finding in Indonesia different from AI virus that has been there, of 2.1," said Pujiatmoko.

    He continued finding new types of bird flu in Indonesia is expected because of the bird flu virus mutation that still do detailed research.

    Another possibility that is due to the introduction of bird flu virus outside of migratory birds such as wild ducks and poultry imports from abroad.

    For the prevention of the spread, the Ministry has been instructed to do persiapaan genocide and Local Government advised not maintain ducks unite with other types of birds to the farmers.

    "We will also coordinate with the Ministry of Health about the findings of a new type of AI that the findings in humans," said Pujiatmoko.

    So far there have been no reports of a new type strain of bird flu in humans in Indonesia.

    [This] type of bird flu virus has previously been found in India, Vietnam and China.

    Meanwhile, the Indonesian Entrepreneurs Association of Local Poultry has reported more than 300 thousand ducks died last week.

    Death ducks recently discovered in four provinces of the island of Java, West Java, Central Java, East Java and Yogyakarta.


    "We are asking the Government to stop the import ban breeding ducks and duck mixing seeds with less local and offshore," said Ade Zulkarnaen Businessmen's Association Local Poultry Indonesia.

    Researchers Avian Influenza from Airlangga University, Surabaya, CA. Nidom states government needs to do a thorough research related to these new findings, especially related problems that usually survive death duck and Cuma is a carrier of the virus alone.

    Radio Australia
    “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
    Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

    ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

  • #2
    Indonesia says it has found more virulent bird flu strain

    Jakarta. Indonesia has identified the bird flu virus that killed hundreds of thousands of ducks in recent weeks as a more virulent type which is new to the country, according to a letter seen Tuesday, AFP reported.
    "We found a highly pathogenic avian influenza sub-type H5N1 (virus) with clade 2.3..." the agriculture ministry's veterinary chief Syukur Iwantoro said in the letter obtained by AFP.
    "This clade is a new clade found for the first time in Indonesia, that is very different to the avian influenza found before, which is clade 2.1."
    A clade is a group of organisms, usually species, with a common ancestor.
    A poultry breeders' association had reported the death of more than 300,000 ducks in several provinces on Java island since November to the ministry.
    The veterinary office found the H5N1 virus involved was a different clade to that usually found in Indonesia, said Iwantoro's letter to local government offices and the World Health Organisation (WHO).
    Iwantoro called for further research into whether there had been a genetic shift in the virus previously found in the country, or whether the new strain originated overseas.

    http://www.focus-fen.net/index.php?id=n294485

    Comment


    • #3
      Re: New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2

      Indonesia Says It Has Found More Virulent Bird Flu Strain

      December 11, 2012

      Indonesia has identified the bird flu virus that killed hundreds of thousands of ducks in recent weeks as a more virulent type which is new to the country, according to a letter seen on Tuesday.

      "We found a highly pathogenic avian influenza sub--type H5N1 [virus] with clade 2.3..." the agriculture ministry's veterinary chief Syukur Iwantoro said in the letter obtained by AFP.

      "This clade is a new clade found for the first time in Indonesia, that is very different to the avian influenza found before, which is clade 2.1."

      A clade is a group of organisms, usually species, with a common ancestor.

      A poultry breeders' association had reported the death of more than 300,000 ducks in several provinces on Java island since November to the ministry.

      More: Jakarta Globe
      “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
      Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

      ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

      Comment


      • #4
        Re: New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2

        The "mutation" in this report seems to refer to the detection of samples with H5N1 clade 2.3.2; possibly spread from Vietnam/China?

        machinetranslation

        Residents: Beware Latest Bird Flu Mutation

        Tuesday, December 11, 2012

        REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, SURABAYA - The head of the team of doctors handling the bird flu virus from Hospital (Hospital) Dr Soetomo urge residents in East Java (East Java) to be alert to the latest bird flu virus mutation.

        Vice Chairman of the doctors handling the bird flu Dr RS. Soetomo, Dr. Laksmi Wulandari says latest bird flu virus mutation that might happen. It was, he explained, because of the uniqueness of the bird flu virus than other flu. "This virus can survive in bird feces up to 35 days in water temperatures from 0 to 30 degrees and the nature of any RNA virus where it is easy to mutate," he said, Tuesday (11/12).

        Thus, according to him, only natural that the bird flu virus had disappeared and then came back with a new mutation. In fact, in 2011, a researcher in the area of Sidoarjo bird flu, Dr. Ricardo, had found some sparrow bird flu from dirt studied . This means that the mode of transmission of the virus that mutates this is still happening. Given the findings of the deaths of hundreds of ducks in Central Java and East Java yesterday, it is the natural cycle of the bird flu virus. The findings of a sparrow that had infected it shows that the dynamic mutation of the virus. Fortunately, finding mutations in virus transmission is still in birds.

        "The hope is that the findings are still ducks transmission among birds," explained researcher Tropical Diseases Faculty of Medicine, University of Airlangga. However, he also did not dismiss if the mutation of this virus continues to happen then it does not close the possibility of transmission from poultry to humans. To that end, he appealed to the people to keep doing the safety instructions when found suddenly dead birds, especially in large quantities. Among the burning carcasses of poultry and other birds checked, when infected immediately destroyed by burning.

        Hospital Dr. Soetomo last treat patients with suspected bird flu in 2010. However, since the emergence of bird flu patient in 2006, at least five patients who indicated positive bird flu. Of the five patients, three of whom died and two of which were successfully treated.

        Republika

        See also: Indonesia - High Pathogenic Human H5N1 strain found in local tree sparrow

        The sparrow was found in 2010; The H5N virus found in the sparrow had close resemblance with human H5N1 samples. Not clade 3.2.3. as far as I know.
        “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
        Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

        ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

        Comment


        • #5
          Re: New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2

          hat tip Michael Coston

          Dr. Alan Hampson Interview On Indonesia’s New Bird Flu Clade



          Photo Credit – FAO

          # 6775

          On Monday we began to see reports that a previously unseen clade of the H5N1 virus had recently turned up in Indonesia, causing the deaths of tens of thousands of ducks (see Report: Clade 2.3.2 H5N1 Detected In Indonesia) in and around central Java.
          Today, Radio Australia has an excellent interview (audio & transcript available) with Dr. Alan Hampson about this recent news.

          Dr. Hampson, who is chair of Australia’s Influenza Specialist Group (ISG), is the former Deputy Director of the Australian World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Influenza.
          Dr. Hampson assesses the risks, discusses how the virus may have arrived in Indonesia, and defines the difficulties in controlling H5N1 in that country.
          He also warns that the H5N1 strains currently circulating in the Middle East appear to be the ones moving quickest towards `being able to become a human influenza virus.’
          Follow the link to read/listen to this five-minute, highly informative interview.

          Indonesia identifies new strain of bird flu: report

          Updated 12 December 2012, 17:36 AEST
          The Indonesian Agriculture Ministry has reportedly identified a new, more virulent type of bird flu that's killed hundreds of thousands of ducks in recent weeks.

          There are suspicions the virus entered Indonesia from other countries - like Vietnam or Thailand.

          To determine this, the agriculture ministry's veterinary chief has reportedly written a letter to local government offices and the World Health Organisation calling for further research into the origins of the virus.

          (Continue . . . )
          Posted by Michael Coston at <a class="timestamp-link" href="http://afludiary.blogspot.com/2012/12/dr-alan-hampson-interview-on-indonesias.html" rel="bookmark" title="permanent link"><abbr class="published" title="2012-12-12T07:04:00-05:00">7:04 AM</abbr>

          Comment


          • #6
            Re: New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2

            From the perspective of development of human pandemic influenza vaccines, clade 2.3.2 H5N1 viruses were described as following in the latest available WHO paper: http://www.flutrackers.com/forum/sho...52&postcount=1

            [Source: World Health Organization, full PDF document: (LINK). Edited.]


            Weekly epidemiological record / Relevé épidémiologique hebdomadaire, 19 october 2012, 87th year / 19 octobre 2012, 87e année, No. 42, 2012, 87, 401–412 - http://www.who.int/wer

            Antigenic and genetic characteristics of zoonotic influenza viruses and development of candidate vaccine viruses for pandemic preparedness, September 2012


            (...)


            Clade 2.3.2.1 viruses were detected in wild birds in Hong Kong SAR, India and Nepal, and in poultry in Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Nepal and Viet Nam. Human cases were reported in Bangladesh and Hong Kong SAR. Increased genetic heterogeneity in HA gene sequences was observed within recent viruses from this clade. Two genetic groups, A/Hubei/1/2010-like (Figure 2) and A/barn swallow/Hong Kong/D10-1161/2010-like (Figure 3), were previously identified.

            A third group, A/Hong Kong/6841/2010-like (Figure 4), is spreading in southeast Asia. The human virus from Hong Kong SAR and the majority of recent clade 2.3.2.1 avian viruses in the A/barn swallow/Hong Kong/D10-1161/2010-like genetic group reacted well with post-infection ferret antiserum raised against the candidate vaccine virus developed from A/barn swallow/Hong Kong/D10-1161/2010.

            The majority of recent avian viruses from the A/Hubei/1/2010-like genetic group reacted well with postinfection ferret antiserum raised against the candidate vaccine virus developed from A/Hubei/1/2010. No viruses were isolated from the human cases in Bangladesh.

            Recent avian viruses from the A/Hong Kong/6841/2010-like genetic group reacted well with post-infection ferret antiserum raised against the candidate vaccine virus developed from the clade 2.3.2.1 virus A/common magpie/Hong Kong/5052/2007.

            (...)

            -
            -----

            Comment


            • #7
              Re: New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2

              Dr Nidom says not a mutation, but imports

              The entry of Avian Influenza Virus Attack Duck For Deliberate
              JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com - The entry of the H5N1 bird flu virus that destroyed most recent subclade over 320,000 ducks in Java due to the element of intent. Pretext to gene mutations irrational because it occurred in a short time leap subclade.
              Chairman Avian Research Center, Airlangga University Chairil A Nidom said on Saturday (15/12) when contacted in East Java. According to Nidom, if a gene mutation, is not possible in a too short a change subclade.
              In Indonesia, said Nidom, three subclade bird flu virus that subclade 2.1.1; 2.1.2 and 2.1.3. "If a gene mutation is most likely to be 2.1.1.1 or 2.1.2.1 subcladenya or 2.1.3.1. Become subclade 2.3.2 If this has happened leaps and highly unlikely," he said.
              Therefore, Nidom can ensure that the entry of bird flu virus subclade 2.3.2 due to deliberate. "Could be in the form of imports of duck and duck products are contaminated with the virus, or the inclusion and use of the H5N1 virus vaccination with existing subclade in Indonesia but subclade 2.3.2 contaminated," he explained.


              http://bisniskeuangan.kompas.com/rea...na.Kesengajaan
              CSI:WORLD http://swineflumagazine.blogspot.com/

              treyfish2004@yahoo.com

              Comment


              • #8
                Re: New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2

                Efforts DG PP and PL In response to News Death Ducks and Bird Flu Virus Mutations In Bird
                2012-12-12 01:43:27


                Jakarta, December 11, 2012, in connection with the death of ducks and mutation of the bird flu virus in poultry, the Director General of Disease Control and Environmental Health, Prof. dr. Tjandra Yoga Aditama SPP (K), MARS, DTM & H, DTCE, said that a mutation in the influenza virus can indeed occur, and it is always the case in many countries. Moreover, what is now happening is the mutation of the H5N1 bird flu virus into a clade (kind of) new, namely clade 2.3.2. Mutations to clade 2.3.2 now in birds, except in Indonesia also reported to have occurred in Vietnam, Cambodia, Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Japan, Korea and Hong Kong.

                So far, there is no man in Indonesia who contracted the bird flu virus H5N1 clade that recently. Transmission clade in humans have been reported in China, Hong Kong and Bangladesh, said Prof. Tjandra.

                Efforts that have been made ​​of PP and PL Directorate General, Ministry of Health of Indonesia for vigilance and anticipation among others Make Director General Circular No. PP and PL; PM.01.01/D/II.1/1709/2012, the Department of Health in the area, so be wary if there is a large amount of poultry deaths, prevent and control the possibility of human contact with poultry deaths in large numbers, that if only there was a close contact of human with bird deaths in large numbers, then do the procedure well and check handling logistics, coordination and monitoring and reporting when there have been developments to watch.

                In addition, the Director General of PP and PL also have talked about this in a meeting with the officer's urveilans various provinces, and called for increased vigilance / Alertness , on December 9, 2012 meeting. Coordinate with the Ministry of Agriculture as well as with experts and relevant international organizations to monitor developments, as any existing development, scientific materials will always be propagated to the affected areas, said Prof. Tjandra,

                This was stated by Prof.. dr. Tjandra Yoga Aditama of Jakarta.http://pppl.depkes.go.id/berita?id=843
                CSI:WORLD http://swineflumagazine.blogspot.com/

                treyfish2004@yahoo.com

                Comment


                • #9
                  Re: New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2

                  Source: http://shnews.co/detile-12353-pengaw...lu-burung.html

                  Pengawasan Perdagangan Unggas Cegah Flu Burung
                  Selasa, 18 Desember 2012 - 09:55:46 WIB
                  : 25

                  Google translation:

                  Poultry Trade Supervision Prevent Bird Flu
                  Tuesday, December 18, 2012 - 9:55:46 PM
                  : 25

                  BOGOR - Bogor Institute of Agriculture poultry expert said the spread of H5N1 bird flu in some parts of Indonesia should be aware, one of the prevention efforts with traffic control and to monitor the poultry trade.

                  "Control and supervision of trade is very important, this is an effort to prevent the spread of this virus," said IPB Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Prof. Dr. I Wayan drh, Teguh Authority, in Bogor, Tuesday (18/12).

                  Wayan said the spread of the H5N1 virus or clade 2.3.2 new type very fast and attack in large numbers, so the Government are encouraged to act quickly to prevent its spread.

                  According to Wayan who is also the Chairman of the Department of Agriculture Animal Health Commission, a new type of the H5N1 virus is the same strain of bird flu had attacked in 2007.

                  However, the virus that used fingerprint clade 2.1.2.2 virus is now attacking the new type with the clade 2.3.2.

                  Wayan explained that the origin of these changes occur, according to the nature of the virus Avian influenza (AI) is volatile, without any mutated into a new form.

                  "The presence of a new clade 2.1.2 to 2.3.2 small possibility of mutation results. According to the observations, it is because there is the introduction of a new virus that comes in," he said.

                  Furthermore Wayan explained that there are several causes facto introduction of a new virus that occurred may have been taken by migrating waterfowl. Through trading poultry (ducks, chickens and ducks), either in the form of frozen meat, eggs or DOD (dead old duck) duck or dead duck day life.

                  "This new type, judging from the biological properties of this virus can attack a duck in high enough amounts to 40 percent. While viruses that had only 10 percent of it," he said.

                  Wayan said it was likely the virus can infect humans as the previous year. Because of the potential is still there.

                  Therefore, further Wayan government must swiftly so that the virus is not found in humans and spread to all regions.

                  "The sooner the better, because if it passes from one week it will spread very quickly. Controls trade is very important, because the virus is not visible by naked eye, but it is in the body of poultry. Communities that do not sell duck for fear of being attacked by a virus, but this is where the potential for the spread of the case, "he said.

                  Wayan added, in addition to trade traffic control necessary to vaccinate poultry against bird but with a different treatment from the treatment of viruses before. "Given the virus is not from mutations but likely the result of the migration of birds and the circulation in the market," he said.
                  Sources: Ant

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Re: New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2

                    Press release Min of Health

                    machinetranslation



                    Bird flu alert: Steer clear of the Dead Poultry

                    DECEMBER 20, 2012

                    Minister of Health, dr. Nafsiah Mboi, SP.A, MPH asking the public to increase awareness of and attention to correct if there are a lot of dead birds, to stay away. Especially in children with weak immune from touching and holding. If there are children or elderly people who hold and become hot poultry especially cough, immediately report to health officials. Health workers will be brought to the hospital and give tamiflu.

                    This was stated by Minister of Health, told reporters on Wednesday (19/12) following a bird flu case in the IT (male, 4 years), a resident of Bogor regency. On occasion, the Minister also explained that the new variant of bird flu that clade 2.3.2 in Central Java, East Java and West Java in ducks not only to humans.

                    Mutation of the bird flu virus occurred from clade 2.1 to 2.3.2. Previously, classified as resistant duck, but clade it is deadly for birds. Incidence of AI in humans, Ministry of Health noted that during 2012 there has been nine positive cases of bird flu in humans and the rest of the sufferer dies. The number is actually far lower than in previous years, namely 55 cases in 2006; 42 cases in 2007; 24 cases in 2008; 21 cases in 2009; 9 cases in 2010 and 12 cases in 2011.

                    Furthermore Minister said, the current Ministry of Health has distributed a circular letter to the Department of Health in Indonesia related to increased vigilance. If there is a lot more poultry deaths than usual to immediately act upon the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) applies that has been prepared.
                    "Besides, we also train the Health Officer so that if there is a suspicious incident in the AI ​​center or village, to immediately send to the referral hospital," continued the Minister.

                    Sehat Negeriku
                    “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                    Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                    ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      Re: New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2

                      Officials on alert for mutant strain of avian flu

                      The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Archipelago | Fri, December 21 2012

                      Health authorities in cities across the nation are on the alert after a slew poultry deaths from a new strain of avian influenza.

                      The West Java Husbandry Agency, for instance, has intensified its supervision of poultry traffic after the deaths of 300,000 ducks in Central Java, East Java and West Java due to the rainy season and the suspected avian flu outbreak.

                      “We issued a circular on Dec. 10, 2012, to supervise and inspect poultry traffic and distribution, as well as to anticipate the bird flu virus,” Husbandry Agency chief T. Koesmayadi said as quoted by Antara news agency in Bandung, West Java.

                      “The agency has formed a special team to be on the alert around the clock,” he added.

                      Koesmayadi said that the agency was currently investigating reports of suspicious poultry deaths in the regencies of Bekasi and Indramayu. Inspectors have taken blood samples from 150 chickens and ducks for analysis, he added.

                      According to officials, 292 ducks have died in December in Tukdana in Indramayu, 615 ducks have died in Cangkol in Cirebon, Central Java, and more than 1,300 deaths were reported in Pakandangan, East Java.

                      Koesmayadi told residents and poultry farmers to wash their hands properly and apply appropriate bio-security measures, especially after directly handling poultry.

                      Meanwhile, the Tulungagung Husbandry Office in East Java has announced on Thursday that lab samples of mucus, blood and feces taken from dead ducks in the regency tested positive for the avian flu virus.

                      “We have obtained the lab test results from the animal health lab in Malang. It showed that the cause of death for the thousands of ducks in Gondang district and the surrounding areas, including Trenggalek, was due to the bird flu virus,” Tulungagung Husbandry Office head Sujono said.

                      Sujono said that the bird flu virus has mutated from the H5N1 clade 2.1 to a new strain, identified as H5N1 clade 2.3, that only attacks ducks.

                      He claimed that the new strain could not be transmitted to humans , echoed Koesmayadi comments for residents to tend to their personal hygiene when handling ducks and to raise bio-security measures to prevent the outbreak from escalating.

                      The current duck population of Tulungagung has been estimated at 423,000. The H5N1 clade 2.3 virus has been recorded in five of the regency’s 19 districts

                      The Central Java Health Agency previously received a report of a suspected case of bird flu. The victim, a 54-year-old resident of Sambiroto subdistrict, is currently under treatment at St. Elisabeth Hospital in Semarang, the provincial capital.

                      Central Java Animal Husbandry Agency reported that more than 62,000 ducks may have died from the H5N1 virus in 21 regencies and cities in the province.

                      The Central Java Agriculture Agency has distributed 9,300 liters of disinfectant, calling on farmers to report any ducks who have recently died to the agency.

                      Bird flu has also caused the death of thousands of chickens in Bantul, Yogyakarta, over the past two months. Since 2005, a total of 192 cases of bird flu have been recorded in Indonesia, causing 160 deaths.

                      Jakarta Post
                      “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                      Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                      ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        Re: New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2

                        Indonesia culls over 100,000 ducks to stop bird flu

                        Irish Sun (IANS) Monday 24th December, 2012

                        Indonesia has culled 112,000 ducks for having a new strain of bird flu virus in the country, an official said here Monday.

                        "Until now, we have culled 112,000 ducks in the country," Pudjatmoko, director of Animal Health in the Agriculture Ministry, was quoted by inilah.com as saying, reports Xinhua.

                        The Indonesian government plans to take measures to prevent the spread of the new strain of avian influenza virus, which is more virulent.
                        The step was taken following the finding of the new clad of H5N1 virus after the death of over 320,000 ducks in some provinces in Java island was reported since November.

                        More: Irish Sun
                        “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                        Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                        ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          Re: New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2

                          Indonesia Stops Import of Processed Poultry Products from China

                          Thursday, 20 December, 2012

                          - snip -

                          Director General of Livestock and Animal Health, Agriculture Ministry, Syukur Irwanto acknowledged that Indonesia imported quite a lot of derivative poultry products for animal feeding.

                          “We cannot produce on our own yet,” he said.

                          Imported derivative poultry products are poultry meal (PMM), feather meal, and blood meal.

                          Syukur said that the ban of imports from China and Australia did not mean no more ducks in Indonesia from those countries. The ban is applied only to prevent new types of avian influenza virus from other countries from entering Indonesia. Imported animal feeding can still be obtained from countries such as New Zealand, the United States, and Canada.

                          Chairman of Indonesian Animal Feeding Businesses Association, Sudirman, is worried the ban on processed poultry products will increase the price of animal feed by up to 40 percent.

                          Tempo Interaktief
                          Last edited by sharon sanders; December 25, 2012, 01:48 PM. Reason: added bolded italics
                          “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                          Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                          ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                          Comment


                          • #14
                            Re: New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2

                            Most recent: H5N1 HPAI Global Overview (Issue no. 32 - April-June)

                            June 19, 2012

                            Bulletin 31 / January-March 2012
                            Since 2003, H5N1 has killed or forced the culling of more than 400 million domestic poultry and caused an estimated US$20 billion in economic damage across the globe before it was eliminated from most of the 63 countries infected at its peak in 2006. The H5N1 HPAI virus remains endemic in few countries.…

                            Since early 2011, a number of countries in Asia have experienced new introductions, particularly of virus clade 2.3.2.1, which in most cases wild birds were implicated. These include India, the Republic of Korea, Japan, Myanmar and Nepal....

                            the available information on virus clade distribution should be interpreted carefully, since the lack of representative sampling may not reflect the true distribution of clades in poultry populations globally. This is also because affected countries send few samples to reference laboratories for virus clade identification....

                            HA Clades (Clade 2.3.2.1 hx via link)
                            http://www.fao.org/docrep/016/ap387e/ap387e.pdf<object style="position:absolute;z-index:1000" type="application/x-dgnria" id="plugin0" height="0" width="0">

                            </object>
                            Last edited by Laidback Al; December 24, 2012, 11:19 PM. Reason: Added addtional text from the FAO document

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              Re: New type of bird flu virus found in Indonesia - Clade 2.3.2

                              will they show the sequences at genbank or do they claim
                              it's "their" virus now ?


                              -------------------------------

                              H5N1 clade 2.3.2.1 A1
                              Clade 2.3.2.1 (previously part of clade 2.3.2) viruses were detected in wild birds in
                              Bangladesh, Japan and the Republic of Korea, and also in poultry in Bangladesh,
                              China Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (China Hong Kong SAR), India,
                              Japan, Myanmar, Republic of Korea and VietNam.
                              Although there is some genetic (Figure 3) and antigenic heterogeneity among viruses
                              of this clade, recently isolated viruses reacted well with post-infection ferret antisera
                              against either A/HongKong/6841/2010 (an A/Hubei/1/2010-like virus) or
                              A/barn swallow/Hong Kong/D10-1161/2010 (Tables 2 and 3), from which candidate
                              vaccine viruses have been developed (Table 5).

                              A/common magpie/Hong Kong/5052/2007
                              A/bar-headed goose/Mongolia/x53/2009
                              A/Hong Kong/6841/2010*
                              A/duck/Viet Nam/NCVD-671/2011 2.3.2.1
                              A/chicken/Viet Nam/NCVD-703/2011 2.3.2.1
                              A/chicken/Viet Nam/NCVD-675/2011 2.3.2.1
                              A/duck/Viet Nam/NCVD-664/2010 2.3.2.1
                              A/chicken/Viet Nam/NCVD-700/2011 2.3.2.1
                              A/crow/Bangladesh/1008/2011 2.3.2.1

                              A/muscovy duck/Viet Nam/1455/2006 2.3.2
                              A/common magpie/Hong Kong/5052/2007 2.3.2.1
                              A/barn swallow/Hong Kong/1161/2010

                              A/goose/Hong Kong/631/2009
                              A/oriental magpie robin/Hong
                              Kong/470.1/2011
                              A/large-billed crow/Hong Kong/497/2011
                              A/black-headed gull/Hong Kong/709/2011
                              A/chicken/Hong Kong/884.2/2011
                              A/swine/Guangxi/NS592/2011


                              http://www.who.int/influenza/vaccine...irusupdate.pdf

                              (my strain index-Q (Vietnam 2008) file i_h5n1w , i_h5n14v , i_h5n14v.a1
                              comes from index-P(Vietnam 2005) A/VNM/200/2005.12.02(H5N1)

                              mutation table of 25 H5-HA indices in i_h5n1w.l1
                              I'm interested in expert panflu damage estimates
                              my current links: http://bit.ly/hFI7H ILI-charts: http://bit.ly/CcRgT

                              Comment

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