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India: MOH Statement On New COVID Variant Detected In 15%-20% Of Samples From Maharashtra

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  • India: MOH Statement On New COVID Variant Detected In 15%-20% Of Samples From Maharashtra


    India: MOH Statement On New COVID Variant Detected In 15%-20% Of Samples From Maharashtra





    Credit Wikipedia


    #15,883

    Although there are literally thousands of COVID variants around the world - most of which pose no greater threat than the `wild covid' we've been dealing with for the past year - there are a handful of `signature' mutations we look at as red flags (see Neutralising antibody escape of SARS?CoV?2 spike protein: Risk assessment for antibody?based Covid?19 therapeutics and vaccines).

    Overnight the Indian Press has been reporting on a statement by the Indian Ministry of Health on a new COVID variant rising to prominence in Maharashtra state - one which carries the E484Q and L452R amino acid mutations - both of which have been linked to immune escape and increased infectivity.

    While Maharashtra state is currently seeing surge in COVID cases and deaths, it isn't clear - based on the limited data available - how much of that increase can be attributed to this variant. It has, however, been flagged as a VOC (Variant of Concern) by the Indian government and will be investigated further.
    Posted On: 24 MAR 2021 12:49PM by PIB Delhi

    The Indian SARS-CoV-2 Consortium on Genomics (INSACOG) is a grouping of 10 National Laboratories that was established by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt of India on 25/12/2020. INSACOG is since then carrying out genomic sequencing and analysis of circulating COVID-19 viruses, and correlating epidemiological trends with genomic variants. Genomic variants of various viruses are a natural phenomenon and are found in almost all countries.
    Since INSACOG initiated its work, 771 variants of concerns (VOCs) have been detected in a total of 10787 positive samples shared by States/UTs. These include 736 samples positive for viruses of the UK (B.1.1.7) lineage. 34 samples were found positive for viruses of the South African (B.1.351) lineage. 1 sample was found positive for viruses of the Brazilian (P.1) lineage. The samples with these VOCs have been identified in 18 States of the country.

    Genome sequencing and analysis have been carried out on samples from arriving international travelers, contacts of those positive for VOC and community samples from most of the States at INSACOG partner laboratories which are 10 in number.

    The analysis of samples from Maharashtra has revealed that compared to December 2020, there has been an increase in the fraction of samples with the E484Q and L452R mutations. Such mutations confer immune escape and increased infectivity. These mutations have been found in about 15-20% of samples and do not match any previously catalogued VOCs.
    These have been categorized as VOCs but require the same epidemiological and public health response of “increased testing, comprehensive tracking of close contacts, prompt isolation of positive cases & contacts as well as treatment as per National Treatment Protocol” by the States/UTs.

    From Kerala 2032 samples (from all 14 districts) have been sequenced. The N440K variant that is associated with immune escape has been found in 123 samples from 11 districts. This variant was earlier found in 33% of samples from Andhra Pradesh, and in 53 of 104 samples from Telangana. This variant has also been reported from 16 other countries including UK, Denmark, Singapore, Japan and Australia. As of now these can be at best said to be variant under investigation.

    Though VOCs and a new double mutant variant have been found in India, these have not been detected in numbers sufficient to either establish or direct relationship or explain the rapid increase in cases in some States. Genomic sequencing and epidemiological studies are continuing to further analyze the situation.



    https://afludiary.blogspot.com/2021/...new-covid.html
    All medical discussions are for educational purposes. I am not a doctor, just a retired paramedic. Nothing I post should be construed as specific medical advice. If you have a medical problem, see your physician.

  • #2
    Covid-19: Double mutant strain, 771 variants detected in India, says govt

    Yet, the ministry statement said, these have not been detected in numbers sufficient to either establish a direct relationship or explain the rapid increase in cases in some states
    By Rhythma Kaul
    PUBLISHED ON MAR 24, 2021 04:04 PM IST

    A double mutation found in the Sars-CoV-2 virus that causes coronavirus disease (Covid-19) in Maharashtra is of concern as these mutations have not been yet catalogued, the Union ministry of health and family welfare announced on Wednesday.

    “The analysis of samples from Maharashtra has revealed that compared to December 2020, there has been an increase in the fraction of samples with the E484Q and L452R mutations. Such mutations confer immune escape and increased infectivity. These mutations have been found in about 15-20% of samples and do not match any previously catalogued variants of concern (VOCs),” said health ministry in a statement.

    “These have been categorised as VOCs but require the same epid......

    Since the Indian SARS-CoV-2 Consortium on Genomics (INSACOG) initiated its work, 771 variants of concerns (VOCs) have been detected in a total of 10,787 positive samples shared by States/UTs. These comprise 736 samples positive for viruses of the UK (B.1.1.7) lineage, 34 samples were found positive for viruses of the South African (B.1.351) lineage, and 1 sample was found positive for viruses of the Brazilian (P.1) lineage. The samples with these VOCs have been identified in 18 states of the country.

    Genome sequencing and analysis have been carried out on samples from arriving international travelers, contacts of those positive for VOC and community samples from most of the states at INSACOG partner laboratories.

    In December, 2020, the ministry of health established INSACOG that is a group of 10 national laboratories meant to perform genome sequencing of positive samples.

    INSACOG has been carrying out genomic sequencing and analysis of circulating Covid-19 viruses.


    According to the health ministry, from Kerala 2,032 samples (from all 14 districts) have been sequenced. The N440K variant that is associated with immune escape has been found in 123 samples from 11 districts. This variant was earlier found in 33% of samples from Andhra Pradesh, and in 53 of 104 samples from Telangana. ......

    “Though VOCs and a new double mutant variant have been found in India, these have not been detected in numbers sufficient to either establish a direct relationship or explain the rapid increase in cases in some states. .....
    https://www.hindustantimes.com/india...582043779.html
    CSI:WORLD http://swineflumagazine.blogspot.com/

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