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India: Assam, AVIAN INFLUENZA A/H5N1 IN POULTRY (December 2008+)

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  • #31
    Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

    12,000 birds culled in Assam after bird flu outbreak




    Guwahati, Nov 29 : Authorities in Assam have culled some 12,000 of the estimated 60,000 birds ordered to be killed after an outbreak of the deadly bird flu virus in the region, officials said Saturday.
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    Culling operations are on in the district of Kamrup since Friday and so far about 12,000 chickens and ducks were killed, Manoranjan Choudhury, deputy director of Assam's veterinary department, told IANS.

    The culling is being carried out in 48 villages within a five kilometre radius of village Thakurchuba in Kamrup district, about 40 km west of Assam's main city of Guwahati.

    The poultry targeted includes ducks and chickens. About 20 Rapid Response Teams comprising about seven personnel, including a veterinarian, are engaged in the operation that is expected to continue for about a week until the entire area is depopulated of the estimated 60,000 poultry, Parthajyoti Gogoi, a central health ministry official said.

    The Indian health ministry Thursday confirmed the outbreak of bird flu after laboratory tests confirmed strains of the deadly H5N1 avian influenza. More than 300 birds died in the past one week in the area. Assam's veterinary and animal husbandry department has sounded an alert and is maintaining strict surveillance on farms in the state with veterinarians carrying out checks on all poultry.

    A central health ministry team is also assisting the local authorities in the culling operations. We have taken all precautionary health measures as well in the area to ensure than humans are not affected, Gogoi said.

    The World Health Organization (WHO) fears that the H5N1 strain could mutate into a form easily transmitted between humans and spark a deadly pandemic. Sale and purchase of poultry in the area was banned.http://www.newkerala.com/topstory-fullnews-53261.html
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    CSI:WORLD http://swineflumagazine.blogspot.com/

    treyfish2004@yahoo.com

    Comment


    • #32
      Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

      India: Assam bird flu due to migratory birds: Ramadoss
      Assam bird flu due to migratory birds: Ramadoss

      November 29th, 2008 - 3:33 pm ICT by IANS
      Chennai, Nov 29 (IANS)

      Migratory birds are behind the fresh outbreak of bird flu in Assam, Indian Health Minister Anbumani Ramadoss said Saturday, adding that culling operations had started in the northeastern state and “inter-country bird movements are under close scrutiny”.


      ”Yes, we are concerned and this new outbreak is mainly due to migratory birds,” Ramadoss told IANS.

      “We are taking measures to control it, and let me assure that everything is under control. A team from the central health ministry has already gone to Assam and is helping authorities there,” he added.

      The minister said he has been keeping a close eye on the development and was closely monitoring the situation along with the animal husbandry department, which is under the central agricultural ministry.

      He said all possible help would be provided to the state government in terms of human resource, medicine, masks and other preventive measures.

      On Thursday, the outbreak of bird flu in Assam was confirmed after laboratory tests confirmed strains of the deadly H5N1 avian influenza. More than 300 birds died in the past week in Kamrup district of Assam.

      “The culling operation has started and inter country bird movements are under close scrutiny,” the minister said, adding that the bird flu outbreaks in the past had helped India “gain experience to handle such situation”.

      Asked about the frequent bird flu outbreaks in India, Ramadoss said: “Winter is a favourable period for the spread of bird flu. These migratory birds come southwards (to India) from other countries.”

      While saying that there is “no need to panic”, he added that these “migratory bird movements cannot be stopped completely”.

      Meanwhile, authorities in Assam have culled over 12,000 of the estimated 60,000 birds to be killed.

      The culling of ducks and chicken is being carried out in 48 villages within a 5 km radius of village Thakurchuba in Kamrup district, about 40 km west of Assam’s main city of Guwahati.

      About 20 Rapid Response Teams, each comprising about seven personnel including a veterinarian, are engaged in the culling that is expected to continue for about a week until the entire area is sanitized.

      India has witnessed several outbreaks of bird flu earlier in states like Maharashtra, West Bengal and a few northeastern states.

      India has been pointing fingers at Bangladesh and Thailand for the spread of the disease.
      -
      <cite cite="http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/uncategorized/assam-bird-flu-due-to-migratory-birds-ramadoss_100125124.html">Assam bird flu due to migratory birds: Ramadoss</cite>

      Comment


      • #33
        Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

        Home > News > more-news
        <!-- google_ad_section_start -->

        Bird flu outbreak in Assam, culling operations on




        Kamrup (Assam), Nov 29 : Authorities in Assam have started culling chicken and [COLOR=blue! important][COLOR=blue! important]ducks[/COLOR][/COLOR] since Friday following a fresh outbreak of [COLOR=blue! important][COLOR=blue! important]bird [COLOR=blue! important]flu[/COLOR][/COLOR][/COLOR] in poultry.
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        According to official reports samples have been sent to laboratories in Bhopal and some have tested positive for the H5N1 stain.

        "We have started culling the birds, till now we have found 61 birds with the infection, we have killed them and buried them also," said Moloy Bharali, a culling officer.

        Culling officers are going from house to house urging the villagers to hand over their [COLOR=blue! important][COLOR=blue! important]poultry[/COLOR][/COLOR].

        The villagers have also been promised a compensation of 20 rupees per chicken, 50 rupees per hen, 35 rupees for a duckling and 70 rupees for a duck.

        Villagers like Mohammad Muktar though initially reluctant, gave away their poultry when culling officers made them understand the consequences.

        "We are dependent on these birds and chickens for a livelihood. Poor people like us sell the eggs and make a livelihood and if these birds are killed, we will make huge loses, but we have given the birds to the officers because we understand that it would be dangerous if the infection catches human beings," said Muktar.

        According to official reports, over 30,000 chickens and ducks would be slaughtered in the next three days in 20 villages, after one of them was hit by bird flu.

        India has not reported any human infections so far, though the first outbreak in poultry was reported in 2006 in Maharashtra.

        Expert's fear the H5N1 strain could mutate into a form easily transmitted from person to person, leading to a pandemic.
        <!-- google_ad_section_end -->--- ANI

        http://www.newkerala.com/topstory-fullnews-53476.html


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        • #34
          India - Bird flu detected at Hajo

          Bird flu detected at Hajo in State

          GUWAHATI, Nov 27—Dreaded bird flue has struck the State. Official circles here said that the Bhopal-based High Security Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (HSADL) confirmed this evening the outbreak of the disease among the domesticated fowls of Thakuria Chuba of Rajabazar village under Hajo Revenue Circles of Kamrup district. This is the first case of outbreak of the dreaded disease in the State, said the sources.

          Reports of unusual death of fowls in the area started coming since November 21. Meanwhile, reports of unusual death of fowls have also been received from parts of Sarpara village of Palasbari in the same district. The State Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Department has already sent samples collected from the Palasbari birds to the HSADL, said the sources.
          (more)

          Samples collected from the Hajo area were sent to the HSADL on November 23 for confirmation. The experts of the Northeast Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (NERDDL) here collected the samples on November 21 and 22. The NERDDL also conducted preliminary tests on the samples collected on November 21.

          The Directorate of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry here received reports of unusual death of domesticated birds from Thakuria Chuba, a locality inhabited by 25 families, on November 21. In the locality 87 fowls were reported dead on November 21. Of the birds, 62 were adult ones.

          The next day, 66 birds were reported dead (48 adults), followed by 92 (56 adults) on November 23, 20 (12 adults) on November 24, 27 (19 adults) on November 25 and 32 (17 adults) on November 26. It is believed that at present there are around 100 fowls left in the locality, said the sources.

          Now, since the HSADL has confirmed occurrence of the disease in Thakuria Chuba, culling operations will be taken up in an area of 5-km radius around the locality to create a bird-free zone so as to prevent spread of the disease to other areas, the sources said.

          On the steps taken so far by the Directorate to prevent spread of the disease to other areas, sources said that immediately after receiving the information of the unusual death of the birds in the locality, a team of experts from the NERDDL headed by the in-charge of the Laboratory, rushed to the spot and took preventive measures and collected bio specimen and tested them at the NERDDL.

          The experts collected morbid and sera samples from the area on November 22 and communicated the report of the development to the authorities concerned in the State and the Central Governments that day. The samples collected from the Hajo area were sent to the HSADL, Bhopal by special messenger with intimation to the Joint Commissioner (LHS) of the Central Government on November 23.

          This was followed by the despatching of six Rapid Response Teams (RRTs) to the spot and necessary instructions were issued. The Department, in close association with the civil authorities, has been closely monitoring the overall situation in the area. The local people have also been made aware of the safe practices of poultry handling and proper disposal of the last remains of the dead birds.

          On November 25, the Joint Commissioner (LHS) of the Union Government arrived at the city and held discussions with the departmental officers, State’s Veterinary Commissioner and Deputy Commissioners of both the Kamrup (Metro) and Kamrup districts. The Joint Commissioner also reviewed the situation on ground.

          As per the direction of the Joint Commissioner (LHS), bio specimens from high mortality area were sent to the Pune-based National Institute of Virology by a special messenger and poultry population in the 0-5 km and 5-10 area around Thakuria Chuba were also calculated, said the sources.

          Comment


          • #35
            Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

            This article is from June, reporting on how hard the Bangladesh poultry farmers have been hit.
            -----------------------------------------------
            Very few poultry farmers still in business 16 Jun 2008
            Out of over 23,000 poultry farms shut down during the bird flu outbreak in Bangladesh in 2007, only 4,210 have managed to resume production in the past few months.

            Approx. 5 mln people lost their jobs in the country due to the closure of poultry farms, said the Poultry Industries Coordination Committee. Due to high interest rates at the banks in the region, many poultry farmers have been unable to take loans from commercial banks. This, added to the increasing cost of feed, has made it impossible for many to sustain a business.

            "The normal interest rate in commercial banks is between 12 and 18%. If we take loans at this rate we shall not be able to make any profit under the existing circumstances," said owner of Aqua Land Agro Complex, Arifuzzaman Bhuiyan.

            After incurring losses in the poultry business, many poultry farm owners have rented out their farms and unit space to the factories, pesticide companies and training institutes as they receive a better income than running a poultry facility.

            Only 8 out of 97 poultry farms stretching an area from Bishmail to Jirabo are currently in operation.

            To add to the situation, it is also reported that many poultry farm owners are yet to get compensation for culling birds at their farms during the bird flu outbreak.

            http://www.worldpoultry.net/news/new...ss-id2636.html
            The salvage of human life ought to be placed above barter and exchange ~ Louis Harris, 1918

            Comment


            • #36
              Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

              AVIAN INFLUENZA, POULTRY VS MIGRATORY BIRDS (11): INDIA (ASSAM)
              ************************************************** *************
              A ProMED-mail post
              <http://www.promedmail.org>
              ProMED-mail is a program of the
              International Society for Infectious Diseases
              <http://www.isid.org>

              Date: Sat 29 Nov 2008
              Source: SindhToday.net [edited]
              <http://www.sindhtoday.net/south-asia/39846.htm>


              Migratory birds are behind the fresh outbreak of bird flu in Assam,
              Indian Health Minister Anbumani Ramadoss said Saturday [29 Nov 2008],
              adding that culling operations had started in the northeastern state
              and that inter-country bird movements are under close scrutiny. "Yes,
              we are concerned, and this new outbreak is mainly due to migratory
              birds," Ramadoss told IANS. "We are taking measures to control it,
              and let me assure you that everything is under control. A team from
              the central health ministry has already gone to Assam and is helping
              authorities there," he added.

              The minister said he has been keeping a close eye on the development
              and was closely monitoring the situation along with the animal
              husbandry department, which is under the central agricultural
              ministry. He said all possible help would be provided to the state
              government in terms of human resources, medicines, masks and other
              preventive measures.

              On Thursday [27 Nov 2008], the outbreak of bird flu in Assam was
              confirmed after laboratory tests confirmed strains of the deadly H5N1
              avian influenza. More than 300 birds died in the past week in Kamrup
              district of Assam. "The culling operation has started, and
              inter-country bird movements are under close scrutiny," the minister
              said, adding that the bird flu outbreaks in the past had helped India
              gain experience to handle such situations. Asked about the frequent
              bird flu outbreaks in India, Ramadoss said: "Winter is a favourable
              period for the spread of bird flu. These migratory birds come
              southwards (to India) from other countries." While saying that there
              is "no need to panic," he added that these migratory bird movements
              cannot be stopped completely.

              Meanwhile, authorities in Assam have culled over 12 000 of the
              estimated 60 000 birds to be killed. The culling of ducks and
              chickens is being carried out in 48 villages within a 5-km radius of
              village Thakurchuba in Kamrup district, about 40 km west of Assam's
              main city of Guwahati. About 20 Rapid Response Teams, each comprising
              about 7 personnel including a veterinarian, are engaged in the
              culling that is expected to continue for about a week until the
              entire area is sanitized.

              India has witnessed several outbreaks of bird flu earlier in states
              like Maharashtra, West Bengal and a few northeastern states. India
              has been pointing fingers at Bangladesh and Thailand for the spread
              of the disease.

              --
              Communicated by:
              ProMED-mail Rapporteur Mary Marshall

              [While it is not impossible that this outbreak in Assam in northeast
              India might be due to migratory birds, there is as yet very little
              evidence for them playing a meaningful part in the epidemiology of
              this disease,
              in fact, rather to the contrary, as commercial
              movements of poultry and such have been found to be the consistent
              cause. If one goes to the OIE-WAHID page for disease outbreaks by
              month and enter Bangladesh (there is no ability to enter Assam, so
              one is forced to use the neighbouring country of Bangladesh), you
              will see that November-December 2007 is the apparent start for HPAI
              outbreaks in that region.

              See Avian influenza (114): India (AS) HPAI OIE 20081129.3757 and
              <http://www.oie.int/wahis/public.php?..._end_year=2008>.

              More detailed genomic analysis will show where this recent Assam HPAI
              strain is most likely from. - Mod.MHJ]

              [see also:
              Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (10): Pakistan 20081117.3629
              Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (09): northern pintails
              20081028.3406
              Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (08): swans 20080814.2517
              Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (07): Canada 20080613.1876
              Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (06): UK 20080611.1840
              Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (05): Chinese origin 20080319.1063
              Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (04) 20080217.0635
              Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (03) 20080212.0557
              Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (02): Turkey, India 20080205.0462
              Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds: Turkey (Zonguldak) 20080126.0325]
              .................................................. ...jw/mhj/msp/lm
              -
              http://apex.oracle.com/pls/otn/f?p=2..._ID:1000,74967
              -----

              </pre>

              Comment


              • #37
                Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

                While saying that there is "no need to panic," he added that these migratory bird movements cannot be stopped completely.
                That comment bothers me very much. The word "completely" implies they either already have, or will have plans/ideas to interfere with migration.
                The salvage of human life ought to be placed above barter and exchange ~ Louis Harris, 1918

                Comment


                • #38
                  Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

                  Originally posted by mixin View Post
                  That comment bothers me very much. The word "completely" implies they either already have, or will have plans/ideas to interfere with migration.
                  Please. H5N1 is stopped in wild birds with false negatives.

                  Comment


                  • #39
                    Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

                    Bird Flu: 27000 chicks culled in Assam


                    Tags: Bird Flu , Assam , Rangiya


                    <SUP>Published: Mon, 01 Dec 2008 at 11:18 IST</SUP>




                    F Prev Next L

                    Samay Vote

                    <FORM style="DISPLAY: inline" method=post action=http://www.samaylive.com/index/polls/do></FORM>

                    <SCRIPT type=text/javascript> var newscripts=new virtualpaginate("virtualpage", 1, "p") //Let script know you're using "p" tags as separator (instead of default "div") newscripts.buildpagination("scriptspaginate") </SCRIPT>Rangiya, Dec 1: With the outbreak of bird-flu in Assam confirmed, as many as 27,000 chicken were culled at Rangiya Circle in Kamrup (Rural) district to prevent spread of the disease to other districts.

                    More than 13,000 chickens will be culled over the next four days as the authorities are gearing up to check the menace which originated from the Hajo Revenue Circle of Kamrup (Rural) district, official sources said.

                    Above 3,000 chicks were culled at Gerua and Abhaypur, but residents have protested against the state Veterinary department's decision to do so in these places.

                    The Joint Commissioner of the state veterinary department N Negi is camping in Rangiya to take stock of the situation.

                    Sale and purchase of poultry were banned and Section 144 CrPC was imposed in the district to prevent spread of the disease, the sources said.

                    Compensation would be paid to the poultry farm owners as per the government rules.

                    http://www.samaylive.com/news/bird-f...am/600348.html
                    Last edited by AlaskaDenise; January 28th, 2009, 04:54 AM. Reason: remove picture

                    Comment


                    • #40
                      Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

                      Culling is WELL beyond 5 km radius.
                      Updated map

                      http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?ie=UT...2,2.834473&z=8

                      Comment


                      • #41
                        Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

                        Originally posted by ironorehopper View Post
                        AVIAN INFLUENZA, POULTRY VS MIGRATORY BIRDS (11): INDIA (ASSAM)
                        ************************************************** *************

                        --
                        Communicated by:
                        ProMED-mail Rapporteur Mary Marshall

                        [While it is not impossible that this outbreak in Assam in northeast
                        India might be due to migratory birds, there is as yet very little
                        evidence for them playing a meaningful part in the epidemiology of
                        this disease, in fact, rather to the contrary, as commercial
                        movements of poultry and such have been found to be the consistent
                        cause. If one goes to the OIE-WAHID page for disease outbreaks by
                        month and enter Bangladesh (there is no ability to enter Assam, so
                        one is forced to use the neighbouring country of Bangladesh), you
                        will see that November-December 2007 is the apparent start for HPAI
                        outbreaks in that region.

                        See Avian influenza (114): India (AS) HPAI OIE 20081129.3757 and
                        <http://www.oie.int/wahis/public.php?..._end_year=2008>.

                        More detailed genomic analysis will show where this recent Assam HPAI
                        strain is most likely from. - Mod.MHJ]

                        [see also:
                        Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (10): Pakistan 20081117.3629
                        Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (09): northern pintails
                        20081028.3406
                        Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (08): swans 20080814.2517
                        Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (07): Canada 20080613.1876
                        Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (06): UK 20080611.1840
                        Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (05): Chinese origin 20080319.1063
                        Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (04) 20080217.0635
                        Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (03) 20080212.0557
                        Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (02): Turkey, India 20080205.0462
                        Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds: Turkey (Zonguldak) 20080126.0325]
                        .................................................. ...jw/mhj/msp/lm
                        -
                        http://apex.oracle.com/pls/otn/f?p=2..._ID:1000,74967
                        -----



                        </PRE>
                        Reality check. In recent EID report on spread of H5N1 in Bangladesh, the number of sequenced H5N1 isolates was ONE.

                        Comment


                        • #42
                          Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

                          Bird flu outbreak in India's Assam state

                          </SPAN>
                          (AFP)

                          1 December 2008
                          <TABLE cellSpacing=2 cellPadding=1 width="100%" border=0><TBODY><TR><TD align=middle width=328> </TD><TD class=blk9n align=right width=27>Print</TD><TD align=middle width=35></TD><TD class=blk9n align=right width=46>E-mail</TD><TD align=middle width=24></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
                          NEW DELHI - Authorities in India's north-eastern Assam state culled 40,000 poultry of some 60,000 infected birds ordered to be killed after an outbreak of bird flu in the state, a news report said Monday.

                          Culling operations have been mounted in nearly 50 villages of central Kamrup district since Friday and 40,000 chickens and ducks have been killed, Manoranjan Choudhury, an official of the state veterinary department, told the IANS news agency.<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" /><o:p></o:p>
                          The culling operations are expected to be completed by 22 teams in the next three days. India's Health Ministry last week confirmed the outbreak of bird flu after laboratory tests found strains of the deadly H5N1 avian influenza.<o:p></o:p>
                          Meanwhile, the government in the eastern state of Orissa sounded an alert and asked agencies to take measures to prevent a similar outbreak after bird flu hit Assam.<o:p></o:p>
                          India has so far seen four major outbreaks of bird flu, but has not yet reported any cases of human infection.<o:p></o:p>
                          An earlier outbreak in eastern India in January was described as the worst outbreak in the country so far by the World Health Organization.<o:p></o:p>
                          H5N1 mainly affects poultry and wild birds, but can infect humans who have close contact with sick fowl. Scientists fear that if it spreads unchecked, the disease could mutate into a form which could be transmitted between humans, leading to a worldwide pandemic. dpa sk km jh

                          http://www.khaleejtimes.com/DisplayA...ernational&col=<o:p></o:p>

                          Comment


                          • #43
                            Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

                            Originally posted by niman View Post
                            Please. H5N1 is stopped in wild birds with false negatives.
                            He didn't say H5N1 was stopped. He said migratory bird movements, big difference.
                            The salvage of human life ought to be placed above barter and exchange ~ Louis Harris, 1918

                            Comment


                            • #44
                              Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

                              Originally posted by mixin View Post
                              He didn't say H5N1 was stopped. He said migratory bird movements, big difference.
                              Reality check. The migartory birds are NOT realistically tested (which is why there is no EVIDENCE). The EID report (current issue) on Bangladesh on the 2007 outbreak, which estimated the role of trade in the outbreaks, had ONE sequence (which equals ZERO comparisons - trade links would create EXACT sequence matches).

                              The lack of testing, coupled with false negatives, is the basis of the comments from FAO, ProMED, and conservation groups focused on the propaganda campaign to discount the role of MIGRATORY birds in the spread (transport and transmission) of H5N1.

                              Comment


                              • #45
                                Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

                                Niman, I have no idea why you chose to quote me and then present your argument. Here... maybe you can re-read what I'm quoting from.

                                On Thursday [27 Nov 2008], the outbreak of bird flu in Assam was
                                confirmed after laboratory tests confirmed strains of the deadly H5N1
                                avian influenza.
                                More than 300 birds died in the past week in Kamrup
                                district of Assam. "The culling operation has started, and
                                inter-country bird movements are under close scrutiny," the minister
                                said, adding that the bird flu outbreaks in the past had helped India
                                gain experience to handle such situations. Asked about the frequent
                                bird flu outbreaks in India, Ramadoss said: "Winter is a favourable
                                period for the spread of bird flu. These migratory birds come
                                southwards (to India) from other countries."
                                While saying that there
                                is "no need to panic," he added that these migratory bird movements
                                cannot be stopped completely.
                                The salvage of human life ought to be placed above barter and exchange ~ Louis Harris, 1918

                                Comment

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