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Highly pathogenic avian influenza, India (OIE, September 8 2011): 1 New H5N1 Poultry Outbreak in Assam

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  • Highly pathogenic avian influenza, India (OIE, September 8 2011): 1 New H5N1 Poultry Outbreak in Assam

    [Source: OIE, full page: (LINK). Edited.]

    Highly pathogenic avian influenza, India

    Information received on 08/09/2011 from Mr Rudhra Gangadharan, Secretary to the Government of India, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries , Ministry of Agriculture, Food & Consumer Affairs , New Delhi, India
    • Summary
      • Report type Immediate notification
      • Start date 29/08/2011
      • Date of first confirmation of the event 07/09/2011
      • Report date 08/09/2011
      • Date submitted to OIE 08/09/2011
      • Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
      • Date of previous occurrence 04/07/2011
      • Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
      • Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
      • Serotype H5N1
      • Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
      • This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    • New outbreaks
      • Outbreak 1 - Bhamondanga Pt-1, Agomoni, Dhuburi, ASSAM
        • Date of start of the outbreak 29/08/2011
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Village
        • Affected animals: Species ? Susceptible ? Cases ? Deaths ? Destroyed ? Slaughtered
          • Birds ? 34313 ? 1436 ? 1436 ? ? ? ?
          • Affected Population Rural backyard poultry.
    • Summary of outbreaks
      • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Outbreak statistics: Species - Apparent morbidity rate - Apparent mortality rate - Apparent case fatality rate - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds - 4.19% - 4.19% - 100.00% ? **
        • * Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
        • ** Not calculated because of missing information
    • Epidemiology
      • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
        • Unknown or inconclusive
    • Epidemiological comments
      • Epidemiological investigation is ongoing.
      • Stamping out of all domestic poultry is being applied in an approximately 3-km-radius zone around the outbreak followed by compensation to the owners.
      • An intensive surveillance campaign has been launched in a 10-km-radius zone including:
        • closure of poultry markets and prohibition on sale and transportation of poultry products in the infected zone;
        • disinfection of premises after culling and sealing of premises where appropriate.
      • Restocking will be applied in accordance with a specified protocol.
    • Control measures
      • Measures applied
        • Stamping out
        • Quarantine
        • Movement control inside the country
        • Screening
        • No vaccination
        • No treatment of affected animals
      • Measures to be applied
        • Disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)
        • Dipping / Spraying
    • Diagnostic test results
      • Laboratory name and type High Security Animal Disease Laboratory, Bhopal (National laboratory)
        • Tests and results: Species ? Test - Test date ? Result
          • Birds - neuraminidase inhibition assay - 07/09/2011 ? Positive
          • Birds - real-time PCR - 07/09/2011 ? Positive
          • Birds - reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) - 07/09/2011 ? Positive
          • Birds - virus isolation - 07/09/2011 ? Positive
    • Future Reporting
      • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

  • #2
    Re: Highly pathogenic avian influenza, India (OIE, September 8 2011): 1 New H5N1 Poultry Outbreak in Assam

    Dhubri, Sept. 10: Nearly 200 birds were culled in Agomoni, Pokalagi, Jhapsabari, Kherbari, Supaikuti and Bhamundanga under Golokganj police station of Dhubri district today.

    Alarm bells rang when one of 300 specimens of dead birds, sent to Bhopal for a test, confirmed two days back that they had bird flu.

    Immediately, the Dhubri district administration promulgated a ban on the sale of birds in the market and an awareness campaign was launched in the affected areas.

    An official source in Dhubri veterinary department said sale of birds was banned in the periphery of 3km area from the affected villages.

    When contacted, Dhubri deputy commissioner Sunil Dutta said culling of birds had been started in the affected villages and a total ban was imposed on the sale of birds in the area.

    Officials in the veterinary department said it sounded an alert and sent a collection of bird samples for examination to the Bhopal-based High Security Animal Disease Laboratory after bird flu spread in the Agomoni area in which nearly 300 birds died last week. Officials of the veterinary department said they had a target of culling 30,000 birds in 14 villages.

    In 2008, the outbreak of bird flu in neighbouring West Bengal had begun showing side-effects in Assam and subsequently import of poultry and eggs from Bengal had been banned and nearly 50,000 birds were culled in Dhubri and Kokrajhar district in five days.

    Prior to this, in 2005, the first bird flu cases were reported from some parts of Dhubri district but at that time no culling was carried out, an official source said.

    In 2007, Barpeta, Nalbari, Kamrup and Kamrup (metro) districts were affected by bird flu and more than one lakh birds were culled. The ban on sales continued for a month then, an official source said.

    Commissioner and secretary of health department Pratik Hajela told The Telegraph that apart from Dhubri, there has been no report of bird flu cases from other districts. He said a team from Delhi has arrived in the state to monitor the situation.

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    • #3
      Re: Highly pathogenic avian influenza, India (OIE, September 8 2011): 1 New H5N1 Poultry Outbreak in Assam

      Bird culling in state after flu alert
      TNN | Sep 14, 2011, 11.08PM IST

      GUWAHATI: The animal husbandry and veterinary department in Assam has ordered culling of wild and domestic birds to stop the spread of avian flu in Dhubri district.

      Personnel from the rapid response team culled more than 4,000 birds at Bhamundanga, which is regarded as the epicenter of avian flu in Dhubri district. "About 24,000 birds will be culled in the affected zone. Till now, we have culled about 4,500 birds," said a senior department official. "We have asked officials in Dhubri to meet the target as soon as possible. Since the disease is contagious, we don't want to take any risk," he added.

      Teams from Bongaigaon and Guwahati reached 14 villages under the jurisdiction of the Agomoni revenue circle to speed up bird culling. At the moment, 25 rapid response teams are working in the area. Sources said authorities in West Bengal have sounded out an alert in Coach Behar district, bordering Assam."

      Culling operation continued despite complaints from farmers and poultry keepers about inadequate compensations.

      The animal husbandry and veterinary department in Assam has ordered culling of wild and domestic birds to stop the spread of avian flu in Dhubri distr
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