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  • human evolution

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denisova_hominin
    lived about 41,000 years ago, found in the remote Denisova Cave in the Altai Mountains in Siberia,
    The mtDNA from the finger bone differs from that of modern humans by 385 bases (nucleotides)
    difference between modern humans and Neanderthals is around 202 bases
    difference between chimpanzees and modern humans is approximately 1,462 mtDNA base pairs

    time of divergence between Denisovan and Neanderthal sequences is 640,000 years ago
    time between both of these and the sequences of modern Africans is 804,000 years ago.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitochondrial_Eve
    Mitochondrial Eve is estimated to have lived around 200,000 years ago,[2] most likely in East Africa
    mitochondrial DNA accumulates mutations at the rate of approximately one every 3,500 years
    Y-chromosomal "Adam" probably lived in Africa; however, this "Eve" lived much earlier than
    this "Adam" – perhaps even some 50,000 to 80,000 years earlier

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_m...NA_haplogroups


    so, from the genbank data I would assign these 12 types:
    (see the picture)
    http://magictour.free.fr/mitoghm2.GIF
    http://magictour.free.fr/mitag3.GIF

    Code:
    mitochondrial nucleotide differences
                         1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10  11  12
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------
      1 >Index/m1        0   6   9  21  17  21  29  50  55  59 185 373   m1
      2 >Index/m2        6   0  11  25  21  25  35  54  59  63 187 375   m2
      3 >Index/m3        9  11   0  14  24  28  36  55  60  64 192 376   m3
      4 >Index/rCRS     21  25  14   0  38  40  48  69  70  76 200 382   rCRS
      5 >Index/m4a      17  21  24  38   0  30  40  59  62  70 188 382   m4a
      6 >Index/m4b      21  25  28  40  30   0  28  49  56  64 188 378   m4b
      7 >Index/m4c      29  35  36  48  40  28   0  38  46  50 180 363   m4c
      8 >Index/m4d      50  54  55  69  59  49  38   0  55  60 192 366   m4d
      9 >Index/m4e      55  59  60  70  62  56  46  55   0  34 188 363   m4e
     10 >Index/m4f      59  63  64  76  70  64  50  60  34   0 188 367   m4f
     11 >Index/m5      185 187 192 200 188 188 180 192 188 188   0 372   m5
     12 >Index/m6      373 375 376 382 382 378 363 366 363 367 372   0   m6
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10  11  12
    I'm interested in expert panflu damage estimates
    my current links: [url]http://bit.ly/hFI7H[/url] ILI-charts: [url]http://bit.ly/CcRgT[/url]
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