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Schmallenberg virus maakt koeien, schapen en geiten ziek

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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg virus maakt koeien, schapen en geiten ziek

    Ook Nederland en Frankrijk vinden fragmenten Schmallenbergvirus in sperma van stieren

    Niet alleen onderzoekers in Duitsland, maar ook in Nederland en Franrijk melden de vondst van fragmenten (RNA) van het Schmallenberg virus in sperma van stieren.

    In Frankrijk bleken de stieren nog 2 tot 3 maanden positief te blijven.

    Nader onderzoek vindt nog plaats.

    Date: Thu 20 Dec 2012

    From: Wim van der Poel [edited]

    Detection of Schmallenberg virus RNA in semen samples

    The Central Veterinary Institute (CVI) of Wageningen University and Research Centre in Lelystad, the Netherlands, and the French Agency for Food and Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety (ANSES) can confirm from their own observations the detection of Schmallenberg virus [SBV] RNA in semen samples, as reported by the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut on 19 Dec 2012.

    At CVI, 55 semen samples produced in 2012 by 8 seroconverting/viraemic bulls have been analysed using a real-time RT-PCR system developed by FLI and an RNA extraction method developed by CVI. In total, 3 samples produced by 2 different bulls tested positive.

    At LNCR (National Laboratory for sanitary controls in breeding animals, France) together with ANSES, 904 semen samples produced in 2011 and 2012 by 160 seropositive bulls have been analysed using a real-time RT-PCR system developed by FLI and an RNA extraction method developed by LNCR. In total 26 samples produced by 2 different bulls were tested positive for 2 to 3 months.

    Because of these findings, the institutes are currently performing in vitro and in vivo studies on SBV excretion in semen. These studies are supported by the European Union and the national governments.

    In the meantime, to declare semen free of SBV, it is advised to test semen samples for the presence of SBV RNA using an approved RT-PCR and RNA extraction method, unless the semen was produced before 31 May 2011 or the bull was tested SBV antibody negative at least 28 days after production.

    Prof Dr Wim H M van der Poel (Department of Virology)

    Dr Ruth Bouwstra, Dr Johan Bongers (Department of Diagnostics)

    Central Veterinary Institute of Wageningen University and Research Centre, Lelystad, the Netherlands.

    Dr Stephan Zientara, French Agency for Food and Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety;

    Dr Claire Ponsart, National Laboratory for sanitary controls in breeding animals, France.

    More: ProMED-mail

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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg virus maakt koeien, schapen en geiten ziek

    Schmallenberg virus gevonden in sperma van stieren

    Het Friedrich Loeffler Instituut in Duitsland maakte bekend, dat deeltjes van het Schmallenbergvirus zijn aangetroffen in het sperma van stieren.

    Het is niet nog bekend hoe lang na de besmetting nog steeds het virus of deeltjes ervan in het sperma te vinden zijn.

    Op dit moment doet men proeven, om te zien of het sperma besmettelijk is.

    Het Schmallenbergvirus wijkt met deze vondst af van andere Akabane-achtige virussen. In sperma heeft men tot nu toe nog nooit dergelijke virussen aangetroffen.

    De Verenigde Staten, Canada en Australië hadden al vanaf 1 juni een verbod ingesteld op de invoer van sperma uit landen met "Schmallenberg" besmettingen.

    Date: Wed 19 Dec 2012

    From: Martin Beer [edited]

    Detection of Schmallenberg virus RNA in semen samples
    In the framework of a study co-financed by the European Union, the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI) analyzed the semen of bulls with a known SBV-antibody status for the presence of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) genome. All samples were investigated with an optimized RNA extraction method and a real-time RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) system developed and established at the FLI.

    At present, 740 semen batches from 94 SBV-infected and seroconverting/seroconverted bulls have been analyzed. 26 semen batches from 11 bulls reacted positive in the RT-qPCR analyses with Cq-values from 26 to 37. In 3 of the 11 bulls with SBV-genome positive semen samples, also 1st SBV-antibodies could be detected. In 2 bulls SBV-genome could be detected for more than 40 days in 6 or 8 consecutive semen batches, respectively. Furthermore, in one bull a pattern of PCR-positive and PCR-negative consecutive semen batches was observed within 43 days (5 batches positive / 2 batches negative / 2 batches positive / 2 batches negative / 1 batch positive). This points to intermitting virus excretion in semen. However, it is currently unclear and topic of further studies, how long after seroconversion this situation may persist.

    In addition, in vitro and in vivo studies about the infectivity of the SBV-positive semen samples are ongoing.


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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg virus maakt koeien, schapen en geiten ziek

    Schmallenbergvirus aangetoond in Zweden

    27 november 2012

    Voor het eerst is het Schmallenbergvirus aangetoond in Zweden, het virus is wijd verspreid in Zweden zegt het Nationaal Veternair Instituut.

    Dit bericht komt niet onverwacht, al eerder waren antistoffen aangetoond in tankmelk.

    Link naar kaart.

    Pressrelease National Veterinary Institute SVA - Sweden


    november 27, 2012

    New virus in sheep and cattle in Sweden

    For the first time, the proliferation of Schmallenbergvirus confirmed in Sweden and studies show that the infection is widespread in the country.

    Viruses have also been demonstrated in the midges that spread the disease. Infection with the virus can lead to malformed fetuses in sheep, goats and cattle. The infection will not lead to any restrictions imposed by the Board of Agriculture and the keepers will be able to move their animals as usual.

    In late 2011 found a new virus in ruminants in Germany, Holland and Belgium. In 2012 it spread to many more countries in Europe. The virus is named after the place where it was first discovered, Schmallenberg. The virus does not spread to humans and it is not dangerous to drink milk or eat meat from animals that have had the infection. Agriculture and the National Veterinary Institute (SVA) has conducted a national survey of cow's milk from many farms investigated because antibodies to the virus is excreted in the milk . A large proportion of the samples indicates that there are antibodies. SVA also demonstrated virus in samples from three midges, the insect that spreads the disease. - In view of the reports of contamination levels we have received from the neighboring countries in recent times, the results are not unexpected. Since the infection is spread by midges, no contamination during the winter, says Erika Chenais, epidemiologist at SVA.

    The pregnancy of ruminants affected by the virus

    The virus has affected pregnancy in ruminants in Sweden suspected of including in a sheep herd in south-eastern Sweden. Several of the animals that did not become pregnant also had antibodies to the virus. This implies a relationship but is no definitive evidence that virus infection has caused the symptoms, which may also have other causes. Earlier this year found evidence of infection in Sweden last autumn, but it is not until now has anyone seen a proliferation and possible links between the infection and the symptoms of ruminants in the country. A major outbreak involving cattle and sheep in early pregnancy can cause serious production losses.


    Link to map

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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg virus maakt koeien, schapen en geiten ziek

    Schmallenberg virus op Sardinië aangetroffen

    Op het eiland Sardinië bij Italië is het Schmallenbergvirus aangetroffen. Vermoedt wordt dat er nog meer gevallen zijn op Sardinië. Nader onderzoek vindt plaats in een gebied 4 km rond de eerste vondst. Het gaat om misvormde lammeren.

    Tot nu toe was het Schmallenbergvirus in Italië alleen gemeld uit de provincie Veneto in Noord-Italië.

    Untill today SBV was reported from northern Italy, Veneto region. Now a first case from Sardinia.


    A Tertenia case of Schmallenberg virus alarm for livestock

    November 22, 2012

    Found in the island's new pathogen that affects ruminants discovered in 2011 in Germany. The confirmation of the outbreak reached by the Zooprofilattico after the first clinical suspicion and the analyzes carried out in a herd of Tertenia Ogliastra.

    Are immediately taken protective measures required by health protocols and around the area, within a radius of 4 km has been strengthened entomological surveillance.

    La Prima Pagina


    Institute zooprofilattico of Sardinia has found in Ogliastra, in a herd of Tertenia , the first case of Schmallenberg virus (SBV ), disease identified in Germany last year that can 'hit sheep, cattle and goats. Two more suspected cases have been reported in the territory of the ASL of Sassari in as many sheep Mores and Sassari.La confirmation of the first confirmed case in the island and 'arrived this morning from Cesme-Reference Centre of exotic diseases of Teramo.

    Already 'taken protective measures and health protocols and animals from the affected were subjected to new tests. Within a radius of four kilometers around breeding and 'been strengthened surveillance for the presence entomology insect vector, C. imicola, whose presence and 'Ogliastra favored by high temperatures this month. The Schmallenberg virus is named after the German town where it was isolated for the first time in affected animals and causes fever, decreased milk production, involvement of the genital sphere of pregnant animals, fetuses, stillbirths, birth defects and miscarriages.


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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg virus maakt koeien, schapen en geiten ziek

    Weer misvormde lammeren in Nederland door het Schmallenberg virus

    Eind oktober werden 2 misvormde lammeren aangeboden bij de Gezondheidsdienst voor Dieren in Deventer.

    De test bevestigde de vermoedens: infectie met het Schmallenberg virus.

    Ook uit andere landen (o.a. Duitsland, Frankrijk en Engeland) komen berichten van late infecties van het Schmallenberg virus.


    Date: Fri 16 Nov 2012

    From: Jet Mars [edited]

    Schmallenberg virus (SBV) detected by PCR in lambs with congenital malformations


    At the end of October 2012, 2 lambs with congenital malformations were submitted for postmortem examination to the Animal Health Service (AHS) (GD-Deventer) in the Netherlands.

    In the Netherlands, between December 2011 and May 2012, calves and lambs with congenital malformations were born after an infection with SBV.

    The macroscopic findings [in the 2 lambs received end October 2012] were comparable with the malformations that had been seen during the last lambing season [terminated May 2012] and an infection with SBV was suspected.

    In both lambs with congenital malformations presence of SBV in the brains could be confirmed by SBV-PCR.

    This is the 1st report of the birth of lambs with congenital malformations caused by SBV in an European country in 2 successive years.

    A high seroprevalence, of about 80 per cent, was found in sheep in the Netherlands in 2012 by the AHS. Therefore we advised sheep farmers to mate seronegative sheep and ewe lambs later in the season than the seropositive sheep. In 2012, SBV circulation has been described in several European countries, and was therefore also expected in the Netherlands.

    We thank the farmer and veterinarian for submitting the lambs to confirm the suspected infection with SBV.

    communicated by:

    Jet Mars, DVM, PhD

    Dept of Diagnostic Research and Epidemiology

    Animal Health Service GD Deventer PO Box 9, 7400 AA Deventer


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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg virus maakt koeien, schapen en geiten ziek

    Noorwegen: antistoffen tegen het Schmallenberg virus in tankmelk gevonden

    Het Noorse Veterinaire Instituut meldt de vondst van antistoffen tegen het Schmallenberg virus in tankmelk.

    72 van 532 monsters waren positief. Dat betekent dat er een besmetting is geweest. Van nog 1700 monsters verwacht men de uitslag volgende week.

    Op een aantal positieve bedrijven gaat men nu de dieren zelf testen.


    Norway: antibodies to Schmallenberg virus detected in milk

    Published: 11/14/2012

    The Veterinary Institute found antibodies against Schmallenberg virus in milk samples from cattle herds in eastern Norway. Detection of antibodies means that the animal has been infected by the virus at one time or another. Schmallenberg virus is not contagious to humans. It is not dangerous to drink milk or eat meat from animals that are infected.

    25. October this year, the National Veterinary Institute that Schmallenberg virus was detected in Norway for the first time. The virus was found in biting midges. When biting midges sucking blood from infected animals can transmit the virus to other animals they suck blood from. The virus can cause brief illness in cattle and sheep. Animals that are infected early in pregnancy may have babies that are stillborn or who have severe deformities.

    Not dangerous to drink milk or eat meat

    Now, antibodies against the virus detected in samples of milk from Norway. The samples are examined as part of a monitoring program that FSA and Veterinary Institute collaborate. It is not dangerous to drink milk or eat meat from animals in the herds milk comes from ..

    Mapping the extent

    Schmallenberg is not considered a dangerous disease, but may have implications for those engaged in livestock. Veterinary Institute and the FSA are now working to examine milk from throughout southern Norway to get a picture of the spread. Currently there are 532 milk samples examined, and of these 72 samples were positive. Veterinary Institute, believes the results from the remaining 1700 samples have been received will be ready within the next week. FSA is now underway to probe into some of the herds who delivered milk that contains antibodies against the virus.

    Read more: Mattilsynet

    Meer details van het onderzoek op de website van het Noors Veterinair Instituut.


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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg virus maakt koeien, schapen en geiten ziek

    Scanresultaten in Engeland: veel guste dieren of gestorven foetussen

    Het lijkt erop dat men in Engeland nu de werkelijke omvang begint te ontdekken van de infecties met het Schmallenberg virus.

    Veeartsen melden alarmerend hoge drachtigheidsproblemen: zij vinden hoge percentages ooien en runderen die gust zijn of gestorven foetussen hebben.

    SBV is nog niet bevestigd, maar ligt wel voor de hand.

    From the United Kingdom

    Mystery surrounds calf and lamb losses

    Rhian Price

    Friday 16 November 2012

    Mystery surrounds pregnancy scanning results, which show potentially devastating numbers of calf and lamb losses on UK farms.

    Livestock producers face early lambing losses as high as two-thirds on some farms, suggest initial results. Many scanners are reporting barren ewes, failed pregnancies or dead foetuses. Cattle losses are almost as bad in some places.

    There is a "strong suspicion" that the Schmallenberg virus could be to blame, say some vets. But other causes, such as poor nutrition following a year of extreme wet weather, have been cited by other vets and animal health experts.

    John Barnes, a scanner in the north east of England, told Farmers Weekly he had recorded problems in about two-thirds of 10,000 ewes across 80 flocks. One farm later tested positive with the Schmallenberg virus, which can cause death and deformity in unborn livestock.

    Cattle scans revealed up to 50% of 4,000 cows scanned were showing either empty or with dead calves.

    Other operators have begun to report similar problems as scanning gets into full swing ahead of next spring's lambing season.

    In the West Midlands, scanner Phil Preece reported anomalies in about a third of 8,000 early lambing ewes examined so far this year. Mr Preece said it was a "real one-off" and he had not experienced results like it in 14 years of scanning.

    Both men said they had spoken to other scanners who reported similar issues.

    It is not known if these cases are linked to the Schmallenberg virus, but flocks at highest risk from the virus would have been those tupped in late summer or early autumn when midge activity was at its highest.

    Read more: Farmers Weekly

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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg virus maakt koeien, schapen en geiten ziek

    Leverancier houdt slag om de arm betreffende vaccin Schmallenbergvirus

    MSD Animal Health wil desgevraagd niet bevestigen dat het een kwestie van weken is, voordat het Schmallenberg virus op de markt komt.

    Posted : November 14, 2012

    Schmallenberg virus vaccine moves step closer

    MSD Animal Health has submitted an application to license a Schmallenberg virus (SBV) vaccine, although it has refused to confirm reports it would be on the market in a matter of weeks.

    Our sister publication, Veterinary Times, reported in June that a vaccine for SBV could be available by the end of the year, but articles in the farming press that it could be available in weeks are unfounded, according to a statement from MSD.

    David Butler, press spokesman for MSD Animal Health, said: "MSD is working extremely hard to create it and is working with the regulatory authority to ensure a licence is available without delay, but that's all we are able to say at this point".

    More: vetsonline

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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg virus maakt koeien, schapen en geiten ziek

    "Vaccine Schmallenberg virus over enkele weken beschikbaar"

    MSD Animal Health meldt dat de eerste partij van een vaccine dat bescherming biedt tegen het Schmallenberg virus gereed is.

    Op dit moment zit het vaccin in de laatste fase van goedkeuring.

    Naar verwachting zal het vaccin medio november beschikbaar komen.

    Schmallenberg vaccine 'ready within weeks'

    Philip Case

    Thursday 08 November 2012

    A vaccine to protect livestock against the Schmallenberg virus could be available within weeks, Farmers Weekly has learned.

    Studies on the vaccine, produced by MSD Animal Health, have shown it can protect pregnant calves, lambs and ewes.

    Farmers Weekly understands the company has submitted an application for regulatory approval and licensing of the vaccine for commercial use.

    The government's body that licenses and registers vaccines, the Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD), is now reviewing the application.

    An industry source said: "The VMD received an application from MSD for a Schmallenberg virus vaccine in September. A provisional licence potentially has a 60-day process to go through. This means a vaccine could be ready by mid-November.

    Read more: Farmers Weekly

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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg virus maakt koeien, schapen en geiten ziek

    31 October 2012

    Noord-Ierland meldt eerste infectie Schmallenberg virus

    31 oktober 2012

    Voor de eerste keer is in Noord-Ierland het Schmallenbergvirus gevonden.

    Testen op een misvormd kalf waren positief.

    Schmallenberg Virus: First case in Northern Ireland confirmed

    Schmallenberg Virus - a disease which can cause fever and birth defects in farm animals - has been detected in Northern Ireland for the first time.

    It follows tests carried out on a malformed calf from a farm near Banbridge in County Down.

    The Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD) said the results confirmed the presence of the virus.

    Read more: BBC News

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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg virus maakt koeien, schapen en geiten ziek

    Ierland: Schmallenberg virus gevonden in misvormd kalf

    Op 30 oktober bevestigde het Ierse Ministerie van Landbouw de vondst van het Schmallenberg virus in een misvormde runderfoetus.

    Vanaf februari 2012 is men begonnen met testen. Het is de eerste keer dat het virus in Ierland is aangetroffen.

    County Cork in het zuiden van Ierland


    30 October 2012

    Schmallenberg virus confirmed in a bovine foetus in County Cork

    The Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine has today confirmed that tests carried out at the Central Veterinary Research Laboratory, have identified the presence of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) in samples from a bovine foetus submitted for post mortem examination from a farm in Co. Cork.

    The Department has been carrying out surveillance since February 2012 and this is the first time that the presence of the virus has been identified in Ireland. As the virus has been spreading rapidly across Europe over the past year, finding evidence of the virus in Ireland is not unexpected.

    The Department is carrying out epidemiological investigations seeking to establish the likely source of infection. The virus does not given rise to any human health concerns, nor has it any food safety implications. In general, the virus causes mild disease in adult cattle, whilst it is not seen to cause any clinical signs in adult sheep or goats.

    The clinical signs which were seen in cattle in Europe during 2011 and 2012 are transient, and include fever, a drop in milk production and sometimes diarrhoea. When infection occurs in animals that are not pregnant, the impact is very limited. However if ruminant animals are infected during the early stages of pregnancy, they may subsequently abort or give birth to malformed offspring.

    Whilst Schmallenberg virus is not a notifiable disease, the Department will continue to carry out surveillance for Schmallenberg virus. Farmers are asked to contact their veterinary practitioner if they encounter cases of aborted foetuses or newborn animals showing malformations or nervous signs. Veterinary practitioners should then contact their Regional Veterinary Laboratory if they suspect infection with the virus.

    Currently there is no licensed vaccine available.

    Department of Agriculture

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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg virus maakt koeien, schapen en geiten ziek

    Finland: antistoffen tegen het Schmallenberg virus gevonden bij runderen

    29 oktober 2012

    Op 25 van de 47 onderzochte Finse rundveebedrijven zijn antistoffen gevonden tegen het Schmallenberg virus.

    Verder onderzoek is nog gaande.

    From Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira

    Antibodies of Schmallenberg virus detected in mainland Finland


    Antibodies of the Schmallenberg virus have been detected in several cattle herds in South-West and South Finland. Based on the results of analyses completed on 29 October 2012, the virus has spread to South Finland during the summer and early autumn of 2012. The disease is not transmitted to humans and will not give rise to measures by the authorities, and any treatment can be agreed on with the local veterinarian.

    The first antibodies of the Schmallenberg virus were detected in Finland in late September 2012 in samples taken from healthy cattle in the Åland Islands. Evira has continued to survey the spread of the disease and, on the basis of the results, the virus is found south of the line drawn between the towns of Vaasa and Savonlinna. Samples from 47 different farms have been analysed so far, and antibodies have been found in 25 of these farms. The studies continue.

    The Åland Islands and the coastal areas in South-West and South Finland have been regarded as a risk area in terms of the disease. In future, samples from outside this risk area will also be tested for antibodies of the Schmallenberg virus. That way, it will be detected how far north and east the virus has spread so far.

    The Schmallenberg virus is transmitted from one ruminant to another via midges. The spread of the virus depends on the ambient temperature and the number of midges suitable for spreading the disease and ruminants susceptible to the disease. When the temperature falls, the midges are no longer active, and this will stop the virus from spreading. It is currently not known whether the virus is able to overwinter in Finland. It is probable that midges carrying the virus will continue to arrive in Finland driven by southerly and south-westerly winds. The symptoms have not been reported as yet. Sometimes the viral infection may result in deformed foetuses.


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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg virus maakt koeien, schapen en geiten ziek

    Waarom bestudering van de dierziekte Schmallenberg virus relevant is voor mensen

    Het Schmallenberg virus (SBV) is tot nu toe gevonden bij dieren: vooral bij koeien, schapen en geiten. Bij mensen is het virus niet gevonden, deskundigen verwachten dat ook niet.

    De moderator dierziekten van ProMED-mail schrijft echter in zijn commentaar, dat het voor de volksgezondheid van groot belang is, om goed de epidemiologie van het SBV te bestuderen.

    Waar komt deze ziekte ineens vandaan? Hoe komt het dat SBV zich zo snel en efficiënt heeft verspreid? Blauwtong (type 8) kwam ook opeens "uit de lucht vallen", net als SBV. Zou een dergelijk scenario zich vaker kunnen voordoen? Voor andere dierziekten, die met knutten kunnen meekomen, zoals de Afrikaanse Paardenpest?

    Rift Vally Fever (RVF) staat ook op het lijstje van mogelijke ziekten die door knutten razendsnel kunnen worden verspreid. RVF is een ziekte die zowel dieren als mensen kan besmetten. RVF kan een mild maar ook een ernstig verloop hebben.

    Epidemiology of Schmallenberg virus: relevance for humans

    The Schmallenberg virus (SBV) is affecting cattle, goats and sheep. There is currently no evidence that the Schmallenberg virus could cause illness in humans.

    The ProMED-mail moderator explains, why monitoring and analysing the spread of the Schmallenberg virus (and Bluetongue virus type 8) could be relevant for humans. Midges are vectors of other animal and human diseases.

    However, the fast and efficient spread of SBV (and earlier, BTV-8) in Europe is alarming. Fortunately, SBV is -- most likely -- not zoonotic.

    Other culicoid-borne viruses, which might be similarly introduced in the future, may have a different pathogenicity profile in animal and, in a worse scenario, in man.

    The epidemiology of SBV deserves a thorough study.

    Worst case scenario: introduction of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) in Western Europe?

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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg virus maakt koeien, schapen en geiten ziek

    Ook Noorwegen ontkomt niet aan het Schmallenberg virus

    26 oktober 2012

    Vandaag meldt het Noorsse Ministerie van Landbouw dat het Schmallenberg virus is aangetroffen in knutten in Noorwegen.

    Het virus is (nog) niet aangetroffen in vee.

    Het Ministerie laat nadere onderzoek doen, o.a. via tankmelk.

    News , 10/26/2012

    Schmallenberg virus detected in biting midges in Norway

    Schmallenberg virus has now been detected for the first time in Norway. The virus was detected in biting midges and is not found in herds of cattle. Fisheries and Veterinary Research now implementing measures to assess the risks of infection.

    To get a better overview of infection status in Norwegian livestock, the Veterinary Research examining bulk milk for antibodies to the virus. There will be samples from all dairy farmers in coastal areas from Rogaland to the Swedish border. If the existence of positive bulk milk samples, the Veterinary Institute and the FSA study animals in the herd milk derived. There will be further investigation into the surrounding farms to see if the infection has spread.

    The disease was first discovered in Germany in 2011 and quickly spread to several European countries. Much of cattle and sheep population in some countries were infected. Schmallenberg virus is also detected in cattle in Sweden and Denmark.

    Ministry of Agriculture and Food

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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg virus maakt koeien, schapen en geiten ziek

    Schmallenberg virus bereikt Schotland: ram positief getest

    Na berichten over de vondst van het Schmallenbergvirus in Noord-Engeland, liet een Schotse schapenhouder uit voorzorg een aangekochte ram uit Noord-Engeland testen.
    Prompt was deze positief. Onlangs werden meer postieve gevallen gemeld uit dat gebied.

    Volgens onderstaand bericht wordt er niet systematisch getest in Noord-Engeland of Schotland.

    Het zit er dik in, dat SBV in heel Groot-Britannië verspreid is, ook in Schotland.


    Schmallenberg found in Scotland

    Alison Mann

    SCHMALLENBERG HAS been found in northern Scotland after a tup brought in from Shropshire tested positive for the disease.

    Following this announcement, NFUS is advising livestock keepers to be vigilant for the disease.

    SRUC will test contact animals although, given the recent cold weather, it is unlikely that the disease will have become established in the area.

    It is just over a week since Defra reported positive SBV samples on farms in North Yorkshire and Northumberland, prompting NFUS to advise Scottish livestock producers importing stock from SBV-risk areas to take up NFUS, the Scottish Government and SRUC's scheme to screen animals for the virus.

    NFUS President, Borders livestock farmer and vet Nigel Miller said: "The tup's owner is to be commended for conducting the test and the event underlines the need for all livestock farmers importing stock from SBV-risk areas to test animals for the disease.

    "There is no structured 'sentinel' surveillance in northern England or Scotland and it is therefore possible that the disease is already circulating in the south of Scotland. As midges and other vectors are likely to be active for at least another three weeks, we are advising all our members to speak to their vet if they are concerned about their livestock.

    "A vaccine is being developed, which must undergo trials to demonstrate its safety. The vaccine may be available next year, which is when it would be most useful in Scotland. Luckily, it appears that livestock develop immunity to Schmallenberg relatively quickly."

    Brian Hosie, Group Manager SAC Consulting Veterinary Services, a Division of SRUC, Scotland's Rural College, said: "This shows the importance and value of post-movement testing and farmers should take advantage of the NFUS-supported testing scheme. I would also commend the farmer for his responsible approach in making the proper checks, we cannot afford to drop our guard against the threat of disease."

    The Scottish Farmer

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