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Emerging Animal Diseases and International Trade

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  • Emerging Animal Diseases and International Trade

    Infectious animal and zoonotic diseases are becoming more and more important in the changing farming and trading systems of the industrialised and developing world, writes ThePoultrySite Senior Editor, Chris Harris.

    Dr Alejandro A. Schudel from Fundación PROSAIA in Argentina told the World Meat Congress in Cape Town that some emerging or evolving infectious diseases have the potential to quickly spread from local to international significance or to jump species barriers, including to humans.

    And he added that these diseases can have a serious impact on international trade and in the perception of the consumers with regard to the safety of animal-derived products.

    He estimated that 75 per cent of the emerging diseases are zoonotic.

    The factors that influence the spread of disease are environmental, ecological, genetic and political. Poverty and inequality, wars and a lack of domestic political will to tackle disease all influence how it is spread around the world.

    Dr Schudel added that this new scenario of worldwide health affects not only the importing and exporting countries but all countries as a whole, due to the tremendous implications that such events could have on global trade.

    The recent outbreaks of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) in Europe, Asia and North America, the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) epidemic that started in South East Asia and the introduction of Foot and Mouth (FMD) disease in Europe are typical examples of this new scenario.

    The quick detection of these emerging, re-emerging and zoonotic diseases and the consequent reaction will be the decisive factor in order to be able to quickly overcome the threat posed by such events.

    Full article:
    The salvage of human life ought to be placed above barter and exchange ~ Louis Harris, 1918

  • #2
    Re: Emerging Animal Diseases and International Trade

    Article concerning testing on farm animals.