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Bulgaria - Flu incidence 250% more than last year - "raging" and some is hemorrhagic pneumonia

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  • Bulgaria - Flu incidence 250% more than last year - "raging" and some is hemorrhagic pneumonia

    machine translation

    Pneumonia can " catch" a matter of hours
    In official statistics the peak of the epidemic has passed
    works on paper : Maya Alexandrova | 24.02.2014 | 14:38 14
    Pneumonia can " catch" a matter of hours

    Flu this year was much more serious than last year . Earlier this month, the chief health inspector Dr. Angel Kunchev explained that this year's incidence was 2.5 times more than last year.

    Earlier, the specialist said that the flu that is currently raging in the country , is particularly dangerous because of hours can turn into pneumonia .

    Bloody sputum , shortness of breath , coughing , weakness , sweating , chest pain amid flu started talking about the so-called . haemorrhagic pneumonia. Such development occurs most often between the 3rd and 5th day of the viral disease . This explained Dr. Kosta Kostov , head of the Department of Pulmonary Diseases of the Military Academy , Dnevnik "24 hours" .

    Prevailing feature of this year's flu strains that are very aggressive to the lungs and cause a toxic reaction . In the most severe cases lead to the destruction of the alveoli - small delicate bubbles cluster located in the lung. And ultimately leads to nekardiologichen pulmonary edema.

    In a healthy person inhale through the nose or mouth air passes through the trachea and bronchi , and thence entered yet smaller branches - bronchioles , and finally fills the alveoli. When they affect breathing violated. Upon destruction occurring degrees of oxygen starvation .

    Bloody influenza viral pneumonia is deployed within 12 to 24 hours from the beginning of the process, so if symptoms should immediately seek doctor , explained the specialist .
    Equally disturbing are red sputum after the 7th to the 10th day from the beginning of the influenza , but then most often associated with a complication of bacterial pneumonia .

    "At the moment these are predominantly in hospitals and also run very hard , but in the specialized departments in managing their real. Basically staphylococcal pneumonia clinics currently filled . During the last month there is a visible increase in patient with us . Unfortunately most mainly young people between 30 and 40 years. good news is that in almost all cases able to save patients , though often written with residual effects . This is inevitable after such a serious illness , "says pulmonologist .

    Sometimes therapy continues and months. Tight course of bacterial pneumonia following influenza is a prerequisite for breathing problems in the future, especially after 50 .

    Flu are responsible to stay home until the end of therapy , even if they are the lucky ones that make the virus more easily , advises Professor Kostov. Every patient infected at least 10 people , if you continue to go to work .

    In official statistics the peak of the epidemic has passed. 3 weeks and reduce sick last week were on average 130 people per 10,000 .

    In approximately one third of the districts , however, the cases are still many can not predict when it will go down.

    Lovech is led by 254 to 10 000 patients in the Sofia region 244 to 10 000 . Many are infected in Stara Zagora, Smolyan, Gabrovo , Vidin . According to preliminary data from GPs in the last days there are slight declines .

    The highest incidence in the age group up to 4 years - 496 to 10 000 , followed by students up to 14 years (324 of 10,000 ) .
    Projected fortunes can be made , influenza epidemics are unpredictable , can not be said when it will decrease complications explained infectious diseases .

    Now pulmonary clinics treat people , causing swine flu in January . Among the late effects are cramps in the small branches of the bronchi.

    Figuratively speaking , the flu retreat with open windows in the tram , but the warming rather than " unsealed " closed spaces.

    In the cold days less ventilated offices, homes , transport and viruses are transmitted very easily explained Prof. Todor Kantardzhiev , director of the National Center of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases and national consultant in microbiology .

    Currently circulates mainly pandemic ( swine ) flu. Second pandemic wave will have if you activate sharply strains of type B , but the peak has almost no such viruses isolated explained Professor Kantardzhiev . He noted that over the past two years the epidemic did not affect many people , and it was the flu easier.

    The current number of patients and frequent complications are close to the situation three years ago when swine flu killed tens of Bulgarians.