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Romania - 17 new outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 in backyard birds, natural parks (OIE, February 16, 2017)

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  • Romania - 17 new outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 in backyard birds, natural parks (OIE, February 16, 2017)

    Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
    Romania
    Information received on 16/02/2017 from Dr. Marius Grigore, Director, Head of Unit Animal Health Department General Sanitary Veterinary Directorate, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania
    Summary
    Report type Follow-up report No. 15
    Date of start of the event 22/11/2016
    Date of confirmation of the event 24/11/2016
    Report date 16/02/2017
    Date submitted to OIE 16/02/2017
    Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
    Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    Serotype H5N8
    Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
    This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    Related reports Immediate notification (29/11/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 1 (05/12/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 2 (13/12/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 3 (20/12/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 4 (21/12/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 5 (09/01/2017)
    Follow-up report No. 6 (10/01/2017)
    Follow-up report No. 7 (12/01/2017)
    Follow-up report No. 8 (19/01/2017)
    Follow-up report No. 9 (27/01/2017)
    Follow-up report No. 10 (31/01/2017)
    Follow-up report No. 11 (01/02/2017)
    Follow-up report No. 12 (06/02/2017)
    Follow-up report No. 13 (07/02/2017)
    Follow-up report No. 14 (13/02/2017)
    Follow-up report No. 15 (16/02/2017)
    New outbreaks (17)
    Outbreak 1 Piatra neamt, NEAMT
    Date of start of the outbreak 03/02/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Natural park
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
    Outbreak 2 Piatra neamt, NEAMT
    Date of start of the outbreak 03/02/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Natural park
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 4 4 0 0
    Outbreak 3 Lilieci, BACAU
    Date of start of the outbreak 03/02/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Natural park
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 3 3 0 0
    Outbreak 4 Lilieci, BACAU
    Date of start of the outbreak 06/02/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Natural park
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Little Egret:Egretta garzetta(Ardeidae) 1 1 0 0
    Outbreak 5 Lilieci, BACAU
    Date of start of the outbreak 06/02/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Natural park
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
    Outbreak 6 Piatra neamt, NEAMT
    Date of start of the outbreak 06/02/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Natural park
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 2 2 0 0
    Outbreak 7 Slobozia, IALOMITA
    Date of start of the outbreak 08/02/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Natural park
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
    Outbreak 8 Liesti, Liesti, GALATI
    Date of start of the outbreak 09/02/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Natural park
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 2 2 0 0
    Outbreak 9 Sulina, TULCEA
    Date of start of the outbreak 10/02/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Birds 46 21 21 25 0
    Outbreak 10 Eforie sud, CONSTANTA
    Date of start of the outbreak 11/02/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Natural park
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 3 3 0 0
    Outbreak 11 Constanta, CONSTANTA
    Date of start of the outbreak 11/02/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Natural park
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Great White Pelican:Pelecanus onocrotalus(Pelecanidae) 1 1 0 0
    Outbreak 12 Mangalia, CONSTANTA
    Date of start of the outbreak 11/02/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Natural park
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 3 3 0 0
    Outbreak 13 Piatra neamt, NEAMT
    Date of start of the outbreak 11/02/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Natural park
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
    Outbreak 14 Agarcia, NEAMT
    Date of start of the outbreak 11/02/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Natural park
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
    Outbreak 15 Vaduri, NEAMT
    Date of start of the outbreak 11/02/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Natural park
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Common Coot:Fulica atra(Rallidae) 1 1 0 0
    Outbreak 16 Almalau, CONSTANTA
    Date of start of the outbreak 11/02/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Birds 63 7 7 56 0
    Outbreak 17 Almalau, CONSTANTA
    Date of start of the outbreak 11/02/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Birds 82 59 59 23 0
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 17
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 21 21 0 0
    Little Egret:Egretta garzetta(Ardeidae) 1 1 0 0
    Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
    Birds 191 87 87 104 0
    Great White Pelican:Pelecanus onocrotalus(Pelecanidae) 1 1 0 0
    Common Coot:Fulica atra(Rallidae) 1 1 0 0
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
    Little Egret:Egretta garzetta(Ardeidae) ** ** 100.00% **
    Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
    Birds 45.55% 45.55% 100.00% 100.00%
    Great White Pelican:Pelecanus onocrotalus(Pelecanidae) ** ** 100.00% **
    Common Coot:Fulica atra(Rallidae) ** ** 100.00% **
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    **Not calculated because of missing information
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    • Contact with wild species
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Movement control inside the country
    • Screening
    • Disinfection / Disinfestation
    • Stamping out
    • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
    • Control of wildlife reservoirs
    • Zoning
    • Vaccination prohibited
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • No other measures
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    Institute for Diagnosis and Animal Health (National laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 03/02/2017 Positive
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...
    http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=22868
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela
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