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Bulgaria - Avian Flu H5N8 found in Vidin Region

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  • Bulgaria - Avian Flu H5N8 found in Vidin Region

    BVBH found Avian influenza in a private farm holding in the village of Kosovo, Bregovo, Reg. Vidin


    19 12 2018

    On 17 December, the Bulgarian Food Safety Agency (BHA) found a new outbreak of the bird flu (H5N8) disease in a registered holding, a type of private farm, in the village of Kosovo, Bregovo, Reg. Vidin. The samples were confirmed by the National Reference Laboratory (NRL) in Examination and Extremely Hazardous Infections Testing Laboratory at the National Veterinary Diagnostic Research Veterinary Medical Institute (NIMH).

    Affected birds in the site are hens, pheasants and pigeons. For the control and eradication of the disease, NVS started implementing all measures in accordance with current legislation. By Order of the NVS Executive Directorthe measures for the eradication of the outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza and against the spread of infection among the birds in the area are laid down.


    When visiting the site, on December 18, the lack of part of the birds was noted for the implementation of the measures under the order. On this occasion, meetings were held with the Regional Governor of Vidin, employees of SANS and MI. Once the relevant institutions have been seized of the case, the measures to detect contact and infected birds have been launched.

    An Act for the Establishment of an Administrative Violation (AEAV) for non-observance of foreclosure measures and measures for the eradication of an outbreak such as outbreaks of contagious and contact birds and the spread of infection have been drawn up and served to the owner.


    Humane killing and destruction of the other affected birds in the site was undertaken and cleansing and disinfection of the yards and streets in and around the site was carried out. A 3-kilometer safety zone and 10-kilometer surveillance zone around the disease outbreaks were identified.

    In restricted areas there are no industrial poultry establishments, but only private farms.
    The movement of birds and their products into and out of the protection and surveillance zones is prohibited. The competent authorities shall carry out a census of the birds in these areas.

    A committee is convened to carry out a crawl of sites for the purpose of conducting clinical examinations, sampling in case of suspicion of disease, and receiving alerts from owners of bird diseases in collaboration with mayors of settlements.
    Up-to-date information on outbreaks of bird flu Influenza in the country can be found in the interactive map published on the site of BSAF here .

    Българска Агенция по Безопасност на Храните (БАБХ)
    “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
    Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

    ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

  • #2
    Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
    Bulgaria
    Information received on 23/12/2018 from Dr Damyan Iliev, Chief Veterinary Officer & Deputy Executive Director, Bulgarian Food Safety Agency, Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Sofia, Bulgaria
    Summary
    Report type Follow-up report No. 5
    Date of start of the event 03/10/2018
    Date of confirmation of the event 03/10/2018
    Report date 23/12/2018
    Date submitted to OIE 23/12/2018
    Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence 28/09/2018
    Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    Serotype H5N8
    Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic)
    This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    Related reports Immediate notification (08/10/2018)
    Follow-up report No. 1 (18/10/2018)
    Follow-up report No. 2 (26/10/2018)
    Follow-up report No. 3 (04/11/2018)
    Follow-up report No. 4 (17/11/2018)
    Follow-up report No. 5 (23/12/2018)
    New outbreaks (2)
    Outbreak 1 Pravdino, Straldzha, Jambol
    Date of start of the outbreak 22/11/2018
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 50 50 33 17 0
    Outbreak 2 Kosovo, Bregovo, Vidin
    Date of start of the outbreak 17/12/2018
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 403 39 39 364 0
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 453 89 72 381 0
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Birds 19.65% 15.89% 80.90% 100.00%
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Movement control inside the country
    • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
    • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
    • Official destruction of animal products
    • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
    • Stamping out
    • Zoning
    • Disinfection
    • Vaccination prohibited
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • No other measures
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    National Reference Laboratory for avian influenza/Newcastle disease (National laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 22/11/2018 Positive
    National Reference Laboratory for avian influenza/Newcastle disease (National laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 17/12/2018 Positive
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...
    http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=29038
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

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