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Ghana: 2021 Yellow Fever

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  • Ghana: 2021 Yellow Fever


    Yellow fever kills eight persons in Savannah Region
    Date: Oct - 30 - 2021 , 11:57
    Category: General News

    Eight persons have been reported dead from a suspected Yellow Fever outbreak in the Savannah Region.

    This follows interim laboratory results of an unusual disease from the region, a press release from the Ghana Health Service (GHS) has stated.

    It said the disease was presumed to be Yellow Fever and that samples had been shipped for final confirmation.

    The release, signed by Director General of the GHS, Dr Patrick Kuma-Aboagye said tests for other Viral Haemorrhagic Fevers like Ebola, Lassa, Marburg and Zika were all negative.

    It said the victims, all nomads in selected communities in West and North Gonja of the Savannah region had never been vaccinated against Yellow Fever...

  • #2

    6 More die of suspected yellow fever
    Date: Nov - 15 - 2021 , 11:32
    BY: Mohammed Fugu
    Category: General News

    Six more persons have died from the suspected yellow fever outbreak in the Savannah Region.

    This brings to 14 the number of persons — comprising a male adult and 13 children — who are suspected to have died of the disease so far.

    Twenty-two persons who contracted the disease are currently on admission at the West Gonja Municipal Hospital in Damongo, while 17 others have been treated and discharged from the same facility.

    The Savannah Regional Director of Health Services, Dr Chrysantus Kubio, told the Daily Graphic that all the cases were recorded in the West Gonja Municipality and the North Gonja District...


    • #3

      Yellow Fever outbreak: 25 dead, 18 hospitalised as vaccination rolls out
      Source: Kenneth Awotwe Darko
      17 November 2021 2:48am

      Some 25 people have died after contracting the Yellow Fever disease in the Savannah and Upper West regions.

      The infection was announced as an outbreak by the Ghana Health Service on October 29, 2021.

      18 others are also on admission at some health facilities and are being treated for the virus...


      • #4
        Yellow Fever kills one, five hospitalised in Bono Region

        53 MINUTES AGO

        The Bono Region has recorded confirmed cases of yellow fever in three districts with one death, Dr. Prince Quarshie, the Deputy Director, Public Health at the Regional Directorate of Ghana Health Service (GHS) has said.

        Three of the cases were reported in the Wenchi Municipality as well as one each in Tain and Banda Districts of the region, he said.

        In an interview with the Ghana News Agency (GNA) in Sunyani, Dr. Quarshie said two of the cases, including; the dead, a Fulani nomad, were referred from Tinga in the Bole District of the Savannah Region to the Wenchi government Hospital.
        "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
        -Nelson Mandela


        • #5

          Six persons die from Yellow fever in Upper West
          Health Six persons die from Yellow fever in Upper West
          23 HOURS AGO LISTEN

          The Upper West Regional Director of Health Services, Dr. Damien Punguyure has disclosed that six persons have died from yellow fever in the region.

          This comes after the Wenchi Methodist Hospital lost two referred patients.

          According to him, no patient is currently under treatment for the disease in the region although four others were previously receiving treatment.

          Speaking at a press briefing in the regional capital, Wa on Friday, Dr. Punguyure said, “The region has recorded suspected yellow fever outbreak in Wa East and Sissala West district. So far, six persons have lost their lives. However, there is no person on treatment as at now.”

          The Ghana Health Service on 29th October announced the outbreak of suspected Yellow Fever in the Savannah Region...


          • #6

            Ghana: Health Alert - Yellow Fever Cases Rise to 39
            26 November 2021
            Ghanaian Times (Accra)
            By Abigail Annoh

            The number of casualties recorded from the outbreak of yellow fever in some parts of the country has risen to 39.

            Apart from the Savannah and Upper West Regions where cases were initially reported, the Ghana Health Service (GHS) says others have been recorded in the Northern, Oti and Bono regions.

            The Director-General, Dr. Patrick Kuma-Aboagye who made the disclosure, said the Service was intensifying vaccination campaigns on the disease in reporting regions to control spread and save lives...


            • #7
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              • #8

                Yellow Fever - Ghana

                1 December 2021

                From 15 October to 27 November 2021, 202 suspected cases of Yellow Fever (YF) including 70 confirmed cases and 35 deaths [Case Fatality Ratio (CFR): 17%] have been reported in four regions in Ghana (Savannah, Upper West, Bono and Oti regions). YF is endemic in Ghana and is associated with severe disease in approximately 15% of cases and a high CFR. YF cases were reported mostly from nomadic populations who had moved from Nigeria into a forest reserve in Ghana’s Savannah region which is visited by tourists. The region shares porous borders with Cote d’lvoire and Burkina Faso, highlighting the potential for spread outside of Ghana. The cases, age ranging from 4 months to 70 years, presented with symptoms of body pain, fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, jaundice and bleeding from the gums. Females accounted for 52% (105/202) of the cases. A YF outbreak was confirmed after three samples tested positive for YF by PCR (negative for Ebola virus disease, dengue and other viral hemorrhagic fevers) at Institute Pasteur Dakar in Senegal, the regional reference laboratory. As of 27 November, 70 out of 196 samples collected have tested positive for YF by IgM and/or polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and results are pending for 68 samples. Plaque reduction neutralization testing was positive in 5 samples at the regional reference laboratory.
                Although there is high overall population immunity against YF in Ghana (88% in 2020 according to WHO-UNICEF estimates), pockets of the population, including unvaccinated nomadic people, remain at risk for YF which could result in continued YF transmission. The current outbreak investigation found settlements of newcomer populations who had arrived after the last mass campaign and were largely unvaccinated.

                Public health response

                Surveillance and laboratory
                • Ghana Health Services has been following the regional algorithm for testing of suspected YF cases, by sending samples that test positive in-country to the regional reference laboratory for confirmation. Laboratory testing of suspected cases has been accelerated in Ghana.
                • Field investigations were conducted to determine the vaccination status, exposure history and identification of contacts of suspected YF cases that tested positive in the national laboratory.
                • Health care workers in the affected regions have been trained on YF, particularly on the importance of reporting, how to investigate suspected cases, and how to clinically manage them.
                • Health care facilities in affected regions have used the standardized case definition to enhance passive surveillance within health care facilities and community-based surveillance. Enhanced surveillance has facilitated the identification of suspected cases.
                • Since 6 November 2021, a focused vaccination activity targeting 54 964 people aged 6 months to 60 years (excluding pregnant women) is being conducted in over 80 communities in West and North Gonja districts, Savannah region.
                • The International Coordinating Group on Vaccine Provision for Yellow Fever (ICG), which oversees the global emergency stockpile for YF outbreak response, has approved a larger scale vaccination campaign targeting 361 165 people (9 months - 60 years) in five affected districts.
                • A catch-up vaccination campaign of unvaccinated individuals is also being organized as part of routine immunization strengthening.
                Vector Control
                • Strengthening of vector control activities against mosquito larvae is ongoing.
                Risk communication
                • Risk communication and community engagement to inform the public about YF transmission and prevention are ongoing. Various platforms are leveraged, including town criers, mobile vans, trusted community members, and church and mosque announcements.
                • WHO is alerting all states in Ghana and supporting the strengthening of surveillance at points of entry.

                WHO risk assessment

                The overall risk of YF from this event at the national, regional and global levels are assessed as moderate, moderate and low, respectively. YF is an acute viral disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes (including Aedes spp. and Haemogogus spp.). A subset of people who become infected with YF experience severe symptoms. Approximately 15% of the cases enter the second toxic phase within 24 hours of the initial remission. The second toxic phase may be characterized by fever, jaundice, with or without abdominal pain, vomiting haemorrhage and kidney failure. Of these, 20-50% die within 10 to 14 days. Vaccination offers lifelong immunity and is considered to be the most important means of preventing YF, while other strategies such as vector control are complementary. There is no specific treatment for YF, and cases receive supportive care for complications such as dehydration, renal failure and fever.
                The national risk was assessed as moderate due to the following reasons:
                • Suboptimal vaccination coverage in some nomadic settlements could result in continued transmission;
                • The outbreak is marked by predominantly affecting communities of nomadic settlers, a mobile and migratory population who may be unvaccinated, or move from areas with low population immunity and YF transmission;
                • Large portions of affected districts are in the forest reserve, and some of the affected communities are located on the fringes of the Mole National Park where there is a presence of animals including non-human primates, the primary wild hosts of YF virus, and Aedes mosquitos, the vector for YF in Africa. These hosts and vectors are involved in the savannah transmission cycle that connects the sylvatic and urban cycles of humans and monkeys; and
                • The COVID-19 pandemic may impact response activities for YF.
                The regional risk was assessed as moderate due to the favorable ecosystem in the neighboring countries and porous borders. The global risk was assessed as low, however, the Mole National Park which is located in both North and West Gonja Districts is visited by tourists, therefore there could be a risk of exportation of the virus....


                • #9
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                  • #10

                    Yellow fever deaths in Ghana rise to 46
                    18 Hours Ago

                    Ghana has, as of December 10, recorded 46 Yellow Fever deaths, with 102 confirmed cases out of about 600 suspected cases recorded.

                    The latest death was recorded on Thursday, December 9, aside from three more new cases.

                    The outbreak, first recorded in October 2021, is now in four regions: Savannah, Upper West, Bono, and Oti regions.

                    Dr. Dennis Laryea, Acting Head of Disease Surveillance at the Ghana Health Service (GHS), told the Ghana News Agency, in Accra, on Friday that although the YF infections were gradually reducing, the Service was still recording some suspected cases.

                    “The outbreak started in West and North Gonja, but we have not recorded any case from these two districts over a period. We are, however, recording a few cases from Central Gonja, Bole, and Sawla-Tuna-Kaba districts,” he said.


                    • #11
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