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Sudan: Yellow fever outbreak - 171 fatalities; 849 total suspected cases

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  • #31
    Re: Sudan: Unknown Fever up to 98 fatalities - report of haemorrhagic symptoms- Yellow Fever

    Yellow Fever Outbreak in Darfur
    Situation Report 5
    12 November 2012

    Epidemiology
     The outbreak has now affected 23 localities in Central, South, West, North and East Darfur.
    As of 11 November, a total of 329 suspected cases, including 97 deaths (CFR 29.5%), have been reported since the last week of September from the localities of Zalengei, Nertity, Wadisalih, Azoom, Mukjer, Bendisi, Um Dukhun, Nyala, Kass, Kubum, Sharq Agabal, Yassin, Mershingm, Rehaid Albirdy, Genaina, Kernik, Baidha, Habila, Forbranga, Jabal Moun, Saraf Omra and Alseraif.
     About 69.9% of the reported cases are from Central Darfur, 11.2% are from South Darfur, 15.1% are from West Darfur, 3.3% are from North Darfur and 0.3% are from East Darfur.
     0.6% of the reported cases are in the age group 0.1.9, 2.7% are in the age group 2-4.9, 26.4% are in the age group 5-14.9, 47.4% are in the age 15-29.9 and 14.9% are 30-44.9 years and 7.9% are in the age group of 45 years and above.
     Blood samples were obtained from 23% of the cases. Out of the tested samples, 11 were positive for yellow fever by RT-PCR at the Central Public Health Laboratory in Khartoum. Two positive samples were taken from Nertity and Wadi Salih locality (Central Darfur), 1 positive sample from each of Zalengei (Central Darfur), Genaina, Habila and Kernik (in West Darfur) and 3 positive samples from Kass locality in South Darfur. Some of the samples tested negative for Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) and chikungunya.
    ...
    Twitter: @RonanKelly13
    The views expressed are mine alone and do not represent the views of my employer or any other person or organization.

    Comment


    • #32
      Re: Sudan: Unknown Fever up to 98 fatalities - report of haemorrhagic symptoms- Yellow Fever

      [Source: World Health Organization, full page: (LINK). Edited.]
      Yellow fever in Sudan

      13 November 2012



      The Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) in Sudan has notified WHO of a yellow fever outbreak affecting 23 localities in Greater Darfur.

      As of 11 November 2012, a total of 329 suspected cases including 97 deaths were reported from this outbreak. Central and South Darfur have reported most of the suspected cases.

      Laboratory confirmation was conducted by WHO regional reference laboratory for yellow fever, the Institut Pasteur in Dakar, Senegal, on two samples which tested positive for yellow fever by IgM ELISA test and RT-PCR Differential diagnosis for other flavivirus was negative.

      WHO is supporting the FMOH and other partners in the epidemiological investigation and response to the outbreak.

      Ongoing activities include strengthening of epidemiological surveillance, conducting entomological assessment and standardizing clinical case management. Community leaders are also being mobilized to support with raising awareness on yellow fever in the affected localities.

      The government of Sudan has requested the International Coordinating Group on Yellow Fever Vaccine Provision (YF-ICG) to provide support for a reactive mass vaccination campaign. The YF-ICG has approved of 2.4 million doses of vaccine, which is expected to arrive in the country shortly.

      Sudan, with support from WHO is expected to start the emergency mass vaccination campaign in the affected areas in order to protect the at risk populations and stop the spread of the disease.

      The YF-ICG consists of representatives from United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Médecins sans Frontières (MSF) and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and WHO, which also serves as its Secretariat.
      -
      ------

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      • #33
        Re: Sudan: Unknown Fever up to 98 fatalities - report of haemorrhagic symptoms- Yellow Fever

        Source: http://www.radiodabanga.org/node/38352


        Darfuris: yellow fever kills 5 every day
        KHARTOUM / DARFUR

        (13 Nov.) -

        Residents from different areas from Central Darfur, the state most affected by the yellow fever epidemic, asserted that five people die every day as a result of the disease, they told Radio Dabanga on Tuesday, 13 November.

        A native from Jebel Ahmer said that the statistics published by the government and health authorities from Sudan, indicating the decrease of deaths caused by yellow fever, do not reflect the reality.

        He explained that the government of Sudan is sending out a false message by publishing inaccurate figures about the disease, adding that it did not yet send support of any kind to affected areas in Central Darfur...

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        • #34
          Re: Sudan: Unknown Fever up to 98 fatalities - report of haemorrhagic symptoms- Yellow Fever

          Source: http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/744233.shtml

          WHO reveals emergency program to combat yellow fever in Sudan's Darfur
          Xinhua | 2012-11-14 9:48:03

          The World Health Organization ( WHO) on Tuesday revealed an emergency program in coordination with Sudan's Federal Ministry of Health to mobilize 2.4 million doses of yellow fever vaccine to combat the disease recently spreading in the Darfur region.

          "Sudan's Federal Ministry of Health and the WHO are mobilizing 2.4 million doses of yellow fever vaccine provided by the International Coordinating Group on Vaccine in order to conduct an emergency response vaccination campaign in Darfur," said WHO in a statement, a copy of which was obtained by Xinhua.

          To date, 358 suspected cases of yellow fever have been reported in Darfur, including 107 deaths, the statement said, noting that the cases were reported from 23 localities in Darfur and new cases are also appearing in other villages.

          The WHO said seven isolation centers have been established in Nyala, Kass, Nertity, Zalengei, Garcilla, Morni and Geneina to tackle the outbreak...

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          • #35
            Re: Sudan: Unknown Fever up to 98 fatalities - report of haemorrhagic symptoms- Yellow Fever

            Sudan intensifies emergency response against yellow fever



            Yellow fever patients are being carefully treated in seven isolation wards in affected Darfur states.
            13 November 2012 – Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) and the World Health Organization (WHO) are mobilizing 2.4 million doses of yellow fever vaccine provided by the International Coordinating Group on Vaccine (ICG) in order to conduct an emergency response vaccination campaign in Darfur.
            To date, 358 suspected cases of yellow fever have been reported, including 107 deaths. The cases were reported from 23 localities in Darfur, and new cases are also appearing in other villages. Seven isolation centres have been established in Nyala, Kass, Nertity, Zalengei, Garcilla, Morni and Geneina to manage the outbreak.
            An active search for new cases is ongoing as entomological surveys are being conducted in affected areas. The Darfur State Ministries of Health are also strengthening blood bank units in Geneina and Zalengei in West and Central Darfur. So far, more than 200 medical doctors and medical assistants have been trained by WHO and FMoH on yellow fever disease surveillance, case management, outbreak investigation, as well as infection prevention and control.
            To support the operational requirements, as well as costs of vaccines, a minimum of US$ 4.8 million is needed to conduct the campaign and provide treatment for patients. WHO has requested all partners to support the response efforts by pooling manpower and financial resources to respond to the outbreak. As health sector lead, WHO ensures a harmonized response and effective coordination of health partners working on ground.
            Yellow fever is mainly spread by mosquitoes, and the most frequent symptoms are fever, bleeding and vomiting. There is no specific treatment for yellow fever other than supportive care to treat dehydration and fever, and blood transfusion if and when needed. Yellow fever is a preventable disease with symptoms and severity varying from case to case. Vaccination is the single most important measure for preventing yellow fever.
            http://www.emro.who.int/sdn/sudan-ne...-response.html
            Twitter: @RonanKelly13
            The views expressed are mine alone and do not represent the views of my employer or any other person or organization.

            Comment


            • #36
              Re: Sudan: Yellow fever outbreak - 107 fatalities

              Source: http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/e...toll-hits-107/




              Expert fears “catastrophe” as Darfur yellow fever death toll hits 107

              Wed, 14 Nov 2012 13:30 GMT
              Source: alertnet // Katy Migiro


              NAIROBI (AlertNet) – The death toll from a yellow fever outbreak in west Sudan hit 107 on Tuesday and a medical expert, noting that mass vaccination is not scheduled to begin until next month, warned of a “pending catastrophe” if the disease spreads beyond Darfur.

              There have been 107 deaths out of 358 suspected cases of yellow fever in Darfur since the end of September, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported on Tuesday.

              “This is a terribly serious situation,” Paul Reiter, professor of medical entomology at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, told AlertNet. “If things really were to start moving rapidly, we really would not be able to do very much. It all balloons very quickly… We have very little means at our disposal for combating an epidemic in the case of yellow fever...”

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              • #37
                Re: Sudan: Yellow fever outbreak - 107 fatalities

                WHO PDF Map of suspected cases.
                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb...rfur%20map.pdf
                Twitter: @RonanKelly13
                The views expressed are mine alone and do not represent the views of my employer or any other person or organization.

                Comment


                • #38
                  Re: Sudan: Yellow fever outbreak - 107 fatalities

                  Sudan Darfur yellow fever death toll jumps to 150
                  By XINHUA | Sunday, November 18 2012 at 13:53

                  The death toll from yellow fever jumped to 150 in Sudan's Darfur region and the number of infections to 400, Khartoum's Al-Ray Al Am daily reported Sunday.

                  "The death cases from yellow fever in Darfur region reached 150 in addition to the infection of 400 people," the report said.

                  The paper further disclosed that major quantities of yellow fever vaccines have arrived in the country, while the remaining quantity is expected to arrive in the coming days to reach 4.2 million doses at a cost of more than $7 million.

                  The vaccines would be transported to the region to commence a major vaccination campaign by the end of this week.
                  ...
                  http://www.africareview.com/News/Sud...z/-/index.html
                  Twitter: @RonanKelly13
                  The views expressed are mine alone and do not represent the views of my employer or any other person or organization.

                  Comment


                  • #39
                    Re: Sudan: Yellow fever outbreak - 116 fatalities; 459 total suspected cases

                    Source: http://www.afriquejet.com/index.php?...ews&Itemid=111


                    Sudan: Yellow fever death cases rise in Darfur

                    Khartoum, Sudan - The UN said Monday that cases of yellow fever are on the rise in Sudan's Darfur region, with deaths reaching 116 out of the total suspected cases of 459. The UN however said a massive campaign is currently under way to vaccinate 2.4 million people in the region.

                    According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Sudan, the country's Ministry of Health received the initial 800,000 doses of yellow fever vaccine last Friday from the International Coordinating Group on Vaccine (ICG) to conduct an emergency response vaccination campaign in Darfur...

                    ...
                    Pana 19/11/2012

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                    • #40
                      Re: Sudan: Yellow fever outbreak - 116 fatalities; 459 total suspected cases

                      Sudan: State Health Ministries - 'Yellow Fever Claims 134 Lives'
                      21 NOVEMBER 2012

                      Darfur — News reports received on Tuesday November 20 read that the total number of cases of the yellow fever epidemic has reached 518, while the death toll has reached a number of 134 cases across Darfur, Radio Dabanga learned.

                      The numbers published on Tuesday are based on statistics from the state health ministries of Central, South and West Darfur.

                      On Monday, the United Nations Country Team (UNCT) and UNAMID conducted a meeting at UN Development Programme's headquarters in Khartoum. Both parties raised their concerns about the outbreak of yellow fever in Darfur and reviewed the steps being taken to assist the Government of Sudan in mitigating the epidemic.
                      ...
                      http://allafrica.com/stories/201211210040.html
                      Twitter: @RonanKelly13
                      The views expressed are mine alone and do not represent the views of my employer or any other person or organization.

                      Comment


                      • #41
                        Re: Sudan: Yellow fever outbreak - 134 fatalities; 518 total suspected cases

                        Yellow fever continues to claim lives
                        WEST DARFUR / NORTH DARFUR
                        (22 Nov.) -

                        The death toll as a result of the yellow fever epidemic in West Darfur has risen to 47, while the total number of infections reached a number of 157, Radio Dabanga learned on Wednesday November 21.


                        Ahmed Ishaq Yaqoub, West Darfur's Health Minister, told Radio Dabanga that two people passed away on Wednesday as a result of the fever, thus bringing the death toll to 47. He added that the state of West Darfur did not experience any issues with the vaccines so far; however, he claimed that some of the centers remain empty due to the remote location.


                        The minister explained that the campaign will continue for 11 more days, which he considers to be sufficient for vaccinating all citizens in West Darfur’s four localities. Yaqoub announced that all schools in the state have been visited and all pupils have been vaccinated in the meantime.
                        ...
                        http://www.radiodabanga.org/node/38701
                        Twitter: @RonanKelly13
                        The views expressed are mine alone and do not represent the views of my employer or any other person or organization.

                        Comment


                        • #42
                          Re: Sudan: Yellow fever outbreak - 136 fatalities; 518 total suspected cases

                          [Source: World Health Organization, full page: (LINK). Edited.]
                          Yellow fever in Sudan – update

                          22 November 2012



                          The Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) in Sudan began a 10-day mass vaccination campaign against yellow fever in Darfur on 20 November 2012, in response to the outbreak.

                          As of 17 November 2012, the outbreak is reported to have affected 26 localities, with a total of 459 suspected cases including 116 deaths.

                          Two cases were confirmed by IgM ELISA test and RT-PCR by the WHO regional reference laboratory for yellow fever, the Institut Pasteur in Dakar, Senegal.

                          An outbreak investigation team led by the Ministry of Health, with support from WHO are in the field to assess the extent of the outbreak and prioritize areas for the mass vaccination campaign.

                          With support from the International Coordinating Group on Yellow Fever Vaccine Provision (YF-ICG), the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), and international non-governmental organizations (INGOs), the vaccination campaign will be carried out in the most affected 12 localities in Darfur region, targeting approximately 2.2 million people.

                          The YF-ICG is a partnership which manages stockpile of yellow fever vaccines for emergency response. It is represented by United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and WHO, which also serves as the Secretariat.

                          Seven INGOs, including the International Committee of the Red Cross, MSF-Belgium, MSF-Spain, MSF-Swiss, Merlin, Save the Children-Swiss, and International Medical Corps are currently working in the 12 localities prioritized for the vaccination campaign. They will actively support the FMOH in this emergency response.

                          WHO is supporting the State Ministries of Health in conducting field investigations to better assess the epidemiological situation and the risk of disease spread, as well as on-the-job trainings for health staff to strengthen their disease surveillance systems and to improve collection of samples and laboratory diagnosis..

                          WHO has activated the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network (GOARN) and additional support will soon be provided to the ongoing response efforts in the country.
                          -
                          -------

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                          • #43
                            Re: Sudan: Yellow fever outbreak - 136 fatalities; 518 total suspected cases

                            Yellow Fever Outbreak in Darfur, Sudan
                            Situation Report No 8, 21 November 2012
                            Federal Ministry of Health | World Health Organization

                            Highlights
                             Yellow fever vaccination campaign started
                            in Geneina, West Darfur on 20 November while other affected areas have scheduled to start campaign either on 22 or 24 November 2012.
                             The outbreak has now affected 29 localities in
                            Central, South, West, North, and East Darfur. As of
                            20 November, the total number of cases has
                            reached 497, including 124 deaths (case fatality
                            rate of 24.9%).

                             WHO/FMoH support missions are on ground in
                            Darfur investigating the spread of the outbreak to
                            new localities in West, South, Central and North
                            Darfur.
                             Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) has
                            received 2.4 million doses of yellow fever vaccine
                            with injection materials from the International
                            Coordinating Group on Vaccine (ICG) to conduct an
                            emergency response vaccination campaign in
                            Darfur.
                            Epidemiology
                             29 localities, out of 57, in Darfur are now affected by the yellow fever outbreak.
                             As of 20 November, a total of 497 suspected cases, including 124 deaths (CFR 24.9%), have been reported between from the localities of Zalingei, Nertity, Wadisalih, Azoom, Mukjer, Bendisi, Rokoro, Um Dukhun, Nyala, Kass, Kubum, Sharq Agabal, Mershing, Rehaid Albirdy, Ed Alfirsan, Yassin, Elddaen, Assalaya, Geneina, Kernik, Baidha, Habila, Forbranga, Jabal Moun, Sirba, Saraf Omra, El Fashir and Alseraif.
                             About 65.1% of the reported cases are from Central Darfur, 8.6% are from South Darfur, 18.5% are from West Darfur and 7% are from North Darfur.
                             1.6% of the reported cases are in the age group 0.1.9, 2.2% are in the age group 2-4.9, 24.6% are in the age group 5-14.9, 49.3% are in the age 15-29.9 and 15.4% are 30-44.9 years and 6.8% are in the age group of 45 years and above.
                             Blood samples were obtained from 12.6% of the cases. Out of the tested samples, 11 were positive for yellow fever by RT-PCR at the Central Public Health Laboratory in Khartoum. Two positive samples were found in samples from each of Nertity and Wadi Salih locality (Central Darfur), one positive sample from each of Zalingei (Central Darfur), Geneina, Habila and Kernik (in West Darfur) and three positive samples from Kass locality in South Darfur. The laboratory diagnosis was reconfirmed at Institute Pasteur in Dakar, the WHO reference laboratory for Yellow Fever.

                            ....
                            Twitter: @RonanKelly13
                            The views expressed are mine alone and do not represent the views of my employer or any other person or organization.

                            Comment


                            • #44
                              Re: Sudan: Yellow fever outbreak - 136 fatalities; 518 total suspected cases

                              Another 18 infected with yellow fever
                              EAST / WEST DARFUR
                              (22 Nov.) -

                              A total of 18 new cases of yellow fever have been registered in East and West Darfur by Thursday night, 22 November, different sources informed Radio Dabanga. One of the victims has reportedly passed away.

                              East Darfur

                              The Governor of East Darfur, Abu Baker Hussein, announced the emergence of four new cases of yellow fever in the state on Thursday.

                              Hussein said that according to the ministry of health, one of the infected victims recently died.

                              He explained that although the population has access to vaccines against the disease, there are not enough doses for everyone.

                              West Darfur

                              On the same day, sources told Radio Dabanga that 14 people were infected with the disease in Mornei, West Darfur.
                              ...
                              http://www.radiodabanga.org/node/38758
                              Twitter: @RonanKelly13
                              The views expressed are mine alone and do not represent the views of my employer or any other person or organization.

                              Comment


                              • #45
                                Re: Sudan: Yellow fever outbreak - 136 fatalities; 518 total suspected cases

                                Yellow Fever Outbreak in Darfur, Sudan
                                Situation Report No 9, 22 November 2012
                                Federal Ministry of Health | World Health Organization

                                Highlights
                                 After the second day of a 12 day vaccination campaign, 13% of the targeted population in Geneina, Kerinik, Habila and Beidha in West Darfur localities were vaccinated against yellow fever.
                                 As of 21 November, the total number of reported cases has reached 537, including 127 deaths (case fatality rate of 23.6%). The outbreak has now affected 30 localities in Central, South, West, North, and East Darfur.
                                 The US Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3 (NAMRU-3) based in Cairo, Egypt has deployed a team to Sudan to support laboratory analysis of collected samples as well as conduct on-job training sessions at the National Public Health Laboratory starting on Saturday 24 November 2012.
                                Epidemiology
                                 As of 21 November, a total of 537 suspected cases, including 127 deaths (CFR 23.6%), have been reported from the localities of Zalengei, Nertity, Wadisalih, Azoom, Mukjer, Bendisi, Rokoro, Um Dukhun, Nyala, Kass, Kubum, Sharq Agabal, Mershing, Rehaid Albirdy, Ed Alfirsan, Shatayia, Yassin, Elddaen, Assalaya, Genaina, Kernik, Baidha, Habila, Forbranga, Jabal Moun, Sirba, Saraf Omra, El Fashir and Alseraif. Reports of cases were received from 2 September 2012.
                                 30 localities, out of 57, in Darfur are now affected by the yellow fever outbreak.
                                 About 62.7% of the reported cases are from Central Darfur, 8.5% are from South Darfur, 19.3% are from West Darfur and 8.8% are from North Darfur.
                                 1.5% of the reported cases are in the age group 0.1.9, 2% are in the age group 2-4.9, 22.8% are in the age group 5-14.9, 48.1% are in the age 15-29.9 and 16.3% are 30-44.9 years and 6.3% are in the age group of 45 years and above.
                                ...
                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb...eport_1172.pdf
                                Twitter: @RonanKelly13
                                The views expressed are mine alone and do not represent the views of my employer or any other person or organization.

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