West Nile Fever, Italy (WAHID Interface - OIE World Animal Health Information Database, Dec. 10 2010, extract, edited)


[Source: OIE, full text: <cite cite="http://www.oie.int/wahis/public.php?page=single_report&pop=1&reportid=10032 ">WAHID Interface - OIE World Animal Health Information Database</cite>. Extract, edited.]

West Nile Fever, Italy

Information received on 10/12/2010 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department for Veterinary Public Health, Nutrition and Food Safety, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy
  • Summary
    • Report type Follow-up report No. 9
    • Start date 23/08/2010
    • Date of first confirmation of the event 31/08/2010
    • Report date 10/12/2010
    • Date submitted to OIE 10/12/2010
    • Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
    • Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    • Causal agent West Nile virus
    • Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    • Related reports
      • Immediate notification (07/09/2010)
      • Follow-up report No. 1 (14/09/2010)
      • Follow-up report No. 2 (20/09/2010)
      • Follow-up report No. 3 (04/10/2010)
      • Follow-up report No. 4 (15/10/2010)
      • Follow-up report No. 5 (27/10/2010)
      • Follow-up report No. 6 (04/11/2010)
      • Follow-up report No. 7 (18/11/2010)
      • Follow-up report No. 8 (26/11/2010)
      • Follow-up report No. 9 (10/12/2010)

  • New outbreaks
    • Outbreak 1 (58 (WNF)) - SANTA CROCE DI MAGLIANO, CAMPOBASSO, MOLISE
      • Date of start of the outbreak 30/09/2010
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Farm
      • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
        • Equidae - 3 - 1 - 0 - 0 - 0
    • Outbreak 2 (60 (WNF)) - ERICE , TRAPANI, SICILIA
      • Date of start of the outbreak 13/09/2010
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Farm
      • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
        • Equidae - 2 - 1 - 0 - 0 - 0
    • Outbreak 3 (62 (WNF)) - CALATAFIMI - SEGESTA, TRAPANI, SICILIA
      • Date of start of the outbreak 28/10/2010
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Farm
      • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
        • Equidae - 1 - 1 - 0 - 0 - 0
    • Outbreak 4 (59 (WNF)) - TERMOLI 2, CAMPOBASSO, MOLISE
      • Date of start of the outbreak 02/11/2010
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Farm
      • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
        • Equidae - 2 - 1 - 0 - 0 - 0
    • Outbreak 5 (61 (WNF)) - SALEMI, TRAPANI, SICILIA
      • Date of start of the outbreak 15/10/2010
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Farm
      • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
        • Equidae - 2 - 1 - 0 - 0 - 0

  • Summary of outbreaks
    • Total outbreaks: 5
    • Total animals affected: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
      • Equidae - 10 - 5 - 0 - 0 - 0
    • Outbreak statistics: Species - Apparent morbidity rate - Apparent mortality rate - Apparent case fatality rate - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
      • Equidae - 50.00% - 0.00% - 0.00% - 0.00%
      • * Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter

  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Unknown or inconclusive

  • Control measures
    • Measures applied
      • Control of wildlife reservoirs
      • Screening
      • No vaccination
      • No treatment of affected animals
    • Measures to be applied
      • No other measures

  • Diagnostic test results
    • Laboratory name and type Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute (IZS), Teramo (National laboratory)
      • Tests and results: Species - Test - Test date - Result
        • Equidae - antibody detection ELISA - 15/11/2010 - Positive
        • Equidae - antibody detection ELISA - 29/11/2010 - Positive
        • Equidae - seroneutralization test (SNT) - 29/11/2010 - Positive

  • Future Reporting
    • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

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