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Mauritania - Rift Valley fever outbreak 2022 - 23 deaths confirmed

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  • Mauritania - Rift Valley fever outbreak 2022 - 23 deaths confirmed

    Translation Google

    Mauritania records two cases of Rift Valley fever and Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

    - "Monitoring devices to deal with any possible development of the situation have been activated", confirmed the Ministry of Health

    31.08.2022

    Mauritania
    AA/Nouakchott

    Anadolu News Agency - Mauritania announced on Wednesday, the registration of an infection by "Rift Valley Fever" and another by "Crimean Fever", more commonly known as "Crimean Hemorrhagic Fever -Congo" in the country.

    The Ministry of Health said in a public statement that an infection by Rift Valley fever has been recorded in the Western Basin State, while an infection by Crimean-Congo fever has been recorded in the Brakna wilaya.

    "Monitoring devices have been activated, measures have been taken to deal with and assess the situation and to deal with any possible developments in the situation," the ministry said.

    In its statement, the ministry also called on people living in high-risk areas (where mosquitoes spread widely) to avoid contact with the animals' blood and biological fluids, separate them from their homes, and burn and bury dead animals.

    Rift Valley fever as well as the disease "Crimean-Congo fever, are diseases of the viral system, the virus is transmitted to humans by animals or mosquitoes.

    Both diseases are transmitted from one person to another as a result of direct contact with blood or the secretions of the infected person.

    The virus is spreading in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and the Balkan countries, while no vaccine is available, neither for humans nor for animals.

    *Translated from Arabic by Issa Aliou

    https://www.aa.com.tr/fr/monde/la-ma...-congo/2673724

    ----------------------------------------------------------


    Two Cases Of Rift Valley Fever And Crimean-Congo Fever Were Recorded In The Western Basin And Brakna

    Nouakchott

    August 31, 2022



    The Multi-Sectoral Coordination Technical Committee “One Health” announced today, Wednesday, in a statement that the Mauritanian News Agency received a copy of, that two samples of suspected cases of Rift Valley fever (FVR) and Crimean-Congo fever (FHCC) have been confirmed in the states of Western Basin and Brakna. .

    Below is the text of the statement:



    “Given the early and promising rainy season this year, which often comes with significant health risks; The Ministry of Health, within the “One Health” committee, took the initiative to strengthen monitoring at the national level. As part of the results of this monitoring, two samples of suspected cases of Rift Valley Fever (FVR) and Crimean-Congo Fever (FHCC) were confirmed in Western Basin and Brakna states, respectively.

    Since the two mentioned cases were reported, the relevant ministerial sectors; And members of the “One Health” committee to activate monitoring devices, take measures to respond, assess the situation, and check on their capabilities and readiness to face any possible development of the situation.

    However, in such a situation, as part of confronting it; Residents in high-risk areas (where mosquitoes infested) are required to comply with the following measures:

    1- Avoid contact with blood and biological fluids of animals;

    2- Make sure to sleep under a saturated mosquito net;

    3- Separation of animals from dwellings;

    4- Wash hands regularly with soap before and after touching animals or their products;

    5- Cook the meat well and heat the milk before consumption;

    6- Immediately contact the nearest health facility in case of fever or bleeding;

    7- Informing the veterinary services of any case of abortion in livestock;

    8- Wear individual protective equipment (gloves, masks and goggles) in slaughterhouses and during direct contact with the animal;

    9- Cremation and burial of dead animals.

    finally; The “One Health” technical committee calls on all livestock breeders to limit the movement of herds, report the emergence of any disease and cooperate with veterinary interests for the proper implementation of the measures taken and the prevention of the mentioned diseases.


    https://www.ami.mr/archives/135828
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

  • #2
    WEEKLY BULLETIN ON OUTBREAKS
    AND OTHER EMERGENCIES

    Week 36: 29 August - 4 September 2022
    Data as reported by: 17:00; 4 September 2022

    ...
    All events currently being monitored by WHO AFRO
    ...

    Mauritania Rift Valley fever Ungraded

    Date notified to WCO 31-Aug-22
    Start of reporting period 26-Aug-22
    End of reporting period 31-Aug-22

    Total cases 1
    Cases Confirmed 1
    Deaths 1
    CFR 100,00%


    A new confirmed case of Rift Valley fever (RVF) was reported by the Mauritanian Ministry of Health on 29 August 2022. The case is a 25-year-old male breeder from the Moughataa (district) of Tintane in Hodh El Gharbi region. He presented to a health facility with high fever and headache. On 26 August, he developed a haemorrhagic syndrome (epistaxis) with severe thrombocytopenia. He died on 29 August. Response activities are underway including enhanced surveillance and investigations.


    https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/...0804092022.pdf
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

    Comment


    • #3
      Translation Google

      The wali of Tagant calls for the fight against Rift Valley fever

      Tijikja

      On Sep 9, 2022

      The municipality of Tijikja organized an awareness meeting on Friday morning to deal with Rift Valley fever, under the supervision of the wali of Tagant, Mr. Haddadi M'Pally Yatéra.

      This awareness is part of the measures taken by the local authorities to fight against the spread of this disease, eight cases of which have appeared in camelids.

      During the meeting, the wali urged all citizens to act in the face of the epidemic by taking precautionary measures and raising awareness of the need to stick to the means of prevention, stressing that the government is working to detect the disease and to limit it to the points where it appeared until it is eliminated.

      For his part, the deputy mayor of the municipality of Tijikja, Mr. Tar Ould Sid Ahmed, praised the speed with which the local authorities have worked to counter any threat to the life of the citizen, adding that the municipality will participate in the campaign to awareness of the seriousness of this disease.

      During the meeting, the regional delegate of the Ministry of Livestock at the wilaya level, Dr. Mohamed Ould Saleck, made a presentation on the symptoms of the disease, the most vulnerable people, how to prevent it, as well as than what needs to be done if it appears.

      The meeting took place in the presence of the hakem mouçaid of the moughataa of Tijikja, the heads of regional and security services, the deputy mayor of the commune and representatives of breeders and butchers as well as civil society.

      https://ami.mr/fr/index.php/2022/09/...allee-du-rift/
      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
      -Nelson Mandela

      Comment


      • #4
        Translation Google

        Mauritania-Health: Rift Valley fever kills 4

        admin1 12 hours ago

        Rift Valley fever has claimed 4 lives, according to the Mauritanian Ministry of Health in its notes monitoring the disease recently in the country.

        Out of 63 texts carried out on September 16, 2022, the ministry indicates that it has detected eight positive cases including 1 case of Crimean Congo fever and seven cases of Rift Valley fever. Of the 7 people infected with Rift Valley fever, 4 are declared dead.

        https://ladepeche.mr/?p=1936
        "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
        -Nelson Mandela

        Comment


        • #5
          Translation Google

          Sep 19, 2022 Ministry of Animal Development: 152 cases of Rift Valley fever have been recorded

          The Ministry of Animal Development announced that 152 new cases of Rift Valley fever have been recorded in animals, in 5 outbreaks in different regions of Mauritania.

          The ministry said the new infections were recorded in Tires al-Zemmour (the commune of Zouerate/Zouerate/Tiris Zammour) and Drakl (the commune of Ansafni/Laayoune/Western Houd). Muhammed Jerb (Municipality of Hassi Abdallah / Tintan / Governorate of Al Hod Al Gharbi); the nimlan (coordinate/tjkjaj/tkant); In addition to bid'ah (Utweel/Timbadgha/Al-Hawd Al-Sharqi); Mimoun (Municipality of Nabagia/Boutelmit/Governorate of Tarraza).

          The ministry confirmed that it had taken steps shown in the treatment of infected animals; isolate them, limit the movements of infected or suspect animals; use of insecticides and vector control; As well as vaccination against Pastella disease in camels.

          https://arriyada.net/fr/ministere-du...e-enregistres/
          "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
          -Nelson Mandela

          Comment


          • #6
            Translation Google

            Health- 6 people die from Rift Valley fever

            admin1 \1 day ago

            Six out of 10 people who tested positive died from Rift Valley fever, reports the Ministry of Health
            .
            Only one Crimean Congo fever was reported out of the 72 tests carried out by the health services.

            – [ ] The two Hodhs would be the regions most affected by Rift Valley fever (7 cases) even if there are two cases in Nouakchott (Dar Naim and Toujounine), 1 case in Chami while the only case Crimean Congo fever is detected in M'Bagne (Brakna).

            https://ladepeche.mr/?p=1988

            ---------------------------------------------

            Viral hemorrhagic fever
            September 19, 2022
            Total checks: 72...







            Last edited by Pathfinder; September 24, 2022, 10:09 AM.
            "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
            -Nelson Mandela

            Comment


            • #7
              Translation Google

              Rift Valley fever spreads after two Hodhs, Tagant, Trarza and Tiris Zemmour, to the wilaya of Adrar

              The Ministry of Livestock announced this Thursday, September 23, the appearance of a new outbreak of Rift Valley fever in the wilaya of Adrar, without specifying its location or giving details.

              As a result, Adrar becomes the 6th wilaya of the country in which this disease is reported, after the two Hodhs, Tagant, Trarza and Tiris Zemmour.

              The total number of confirmed Rift Valley fever cases among livestock has risen to 216 cases, according to the latest update released by the Department.

              A figure obtained according to the Ministry of Livestock, after examining 848 samples at the level of the six wilayas affected.

              http://linformation.net/node/5168
              -----------------------------------------------

              Mauritania: 216 cases of Rift fever in 6 wilayas

              Mauritania's Livestock Ministry announced on Friday that the number of confirmed Rift Valley fever cases has reached 216 in 6 disease outbreaks in 6 wilayas.

              Statistics released by the ministry on Thursday showed 172 cases, or 44 new cases in 24 hours.

              In its daily bulletin the ministry specified that this figure was obtained after 848 examinations carried out on animals in the wilayas of Hodh Chargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Trarza, Adrar, Tagant and Tiris Zemour.

              The ministry further added that it has taken a series of measures to deal with the disease by treating sick animals and quarantining them, restricting the movement of affected or suspected livestock and the use of pesticides and the fight against vector agents of the disease and vaccination against Pasteurella disease in camels.

              https://fr.saharamedias.net/mauritan...ans-6-wilayas/
              "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
              -Nelson Mandela

              Comment


              • #8

                Translation Google

                Mauritania: 17 new victims of hemorrhagic fever

                The Mauritanian Ministry of Health announced on Thursday 17 new deaths from haemorrhagic fever, including one case due to Crimean Congo fever.

                In its press release which it published, the ministry revealed to have carried out 131 examinations of which 30 proved positive, 28 among them are reached by the fever of the Rift.

                These examinations revealed that two people were suffering from Crimean Congo fever, one of whom died while 16 others suffered from Rift fever.

                Mauritania recently announced the discovery of dozens of cases of Rift fever in some regions of the country.

                The Ministry of Health declared that it had intervened to treat sick animals and their isolation in order to limit their transhumance and to combat "pastrolulosis" and its side effects, by carrying out vaccination against this disease, and by providing equipment and insecticides.

                https://fr.saharamedias.net/mauritan...-hemorragique/

                ----------------------------------------


                "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                -Nelson Mandela

                Comment


                • #9
                  Translation Google


                  In one week… five deaths from Rift Valley fever in Mauritania

                  The total number of Rift Valley fever-related deaths in Mauritania has risen to 22, after five fatalities were recorded in the past week.

                  In an update released on Friday, the Ministry of Health recorded 39 confirmed cases of the disease in Mauritania, seven of which were recorded in recent days.

                  The result was free of any new Crimean-Congolese fever infections or deaths, as it indicates that two cases of the disease have been recorded, including one death.

                  The ministry said it reached this result after carrying out 173 tests to detect the disease, in 8 different states in which it has appeared so far.

                  https://arriyada.net/fr/en-une-semai...en-mauritanie/


                  ------------------------------------------------------



                  "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                  -Nelson Mandela

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Source: https://www.who.int/emergencies/dise...em/2022-DON417


                    Rift Valley fever - Mauritania

                    20 October 2022

                    Situation at a glance
                    Between 30 August and 17 October 2022, a total of 47 confirmed cases of Rift Valley fever (RVF), mostly among animal breeders, including 23 deaths, have been reported from nine of Mauritania’s 15 wilayas (regions). Circulation of the virus that causes RVF in animals (small ruminants, camels and cattle) has been confirmed in eight wilayas of Mauritania. Altogether, 12 wilayas have reported confirmed human or animal cases, including nine that share borders with three neighboring countries—Mali, Senegal and Algeria. A One Health approach is being used to manage the epidemic response.
                    There has been a constant circulation of RVF virus in Mauritania with the country experiencing previous outbreaks in 1987, 2010, 2012, 2015 and 2020. Regional spread of the outbreak cannot be ruled out given the proliferation of the vector in the majority of wilayas, the animal density, and high human population and animal movement to neighboring countries.
                    Description of the outbreak
                    On 30 August 2022, the Ministry of Health (MoH) of Mauritania notified WHO of an outbreak of Rift Valley fever (RVF) following laboratory confirmation of a case by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) at the National Institute for Public Health Research on 29 August. The case was a 25-year-old male who was an animal breeder from Tintane moughataa (also known as district), Hodh El Gharbi wilaya (also known as region). He initially presented to a health center on 25 August with hemorrhagic syndrome (epistaxis) with severe thrombocytopenia and was transferred the following day to a regional hospital, where he died two days later on 29 August.
                    As of 17 October 2022, a total of 47 confirmed cases including 23 deaths (CFR 49%)—mostly among animal breeders— have been reported from nine of Mauritania’s 15 wilayas (Figure 1, Table 1). Among the 47 confirmed cases, there are more men than women (sex ratio of M:F cases = 4.4:1). The median age of the cases is 22 years, ranging from 3 to 70 years. Among the 23 deaths, nearly all occurred in hospitals and had symptoms that included severe thrombocytopenia and fever associated with the hemorrhagic syndrome (petechiae, hematemesis, gingivorrhagia).
                    Figure 1. Geographical distribution of confirmed human cases of Rift Valley fever (n=47) and deaths (n=23) from nine affected wilayas in Mauritania, 30 August - 17 October 2022.
                    Table 1. Number of confirmed human Rift Valley fever cases and deaths, per the nine affected wilayas, Mauritania, 30 August - 17 October 2022.


                    Figure 2. Confirmed cases (n=47) and deaths (n=23) of Rift Valley fever by confirmation date, Mauritania, 30 August to 17 October 2022.
                    Animal cases of Rift Valley fever
                    While human cases of RVF have been reported in nine wilayas as of 17 October 2022, confirmed and suspected animal cases have been reported in 12 wilayas(eight confirmed; four suspected) (Table 2).
                    An alert of potential animal RVF cases resulted from sentinel herd monitoring which notified animal deaths and abortions in Aioun moughataa, Hodh El Gharbi wilaya. The outbreak of RVF in animal populations was subsequently identified in Hodh El Gharbi and additional seven wilayas: Adrar, Assaba, Guidimakha, Hodh Echargui, Tagant, Tiris Zemmour, and Trarza. Between 18 August and 10 October 2022, a total of 1148 samples of animal origin—cattle, camel and small ruminants—were analyzed. Overall positivity was 24.1% (277/1148). Test positivity by animal group: 5.2% (5/96) were positive by ELISA IgM in cattle; 25.8% (113/438) were positive by RT-PCR in camels; 25.9% (159/614) were positive by ELISA IgM in small ruminants.
                    Table 2. Number of animals (cattle, camels and small ruminants) tested for RVF and results, by the 12 wilayas with reported cases, Mauritania, 18 August to 10 October 2022.
                    Epidemiology of Rift Valley fever
                    RVF is a viral disease most commonly seen in domesticated animals in sub-Saharan Africa, such as cattle, sheep, goats and camels. RVF primarily affects animals but also has the capacity to infect humans.
                    While some human infections have resulted from the bite of infected mosquitoes, most human infections result from contact with the blood or organs of infected animals. Occupational groups such as herders, farmers, slaughterhouse workers and veterinarians are at higher risk of infection.
                    Humans may also become infected by ingesting the unpasteurized or uncooked milk of infected animals. No human-to-human transmission of RVF has been documented.
                    Although RVF often causes severe illness in animals, in humans, the disease ranges from a mild flu-like illness to severe haemorrhagic fever that can be lethal. Most people with RVF have either no symptoms or a mild illness (fever, weakness, back pain, and dizziness). However, a small percentage (8-10%) of people with RVF develop severe symptoms, including eye disease, hemorrhage and encephalitis (swelling of the brain).
                    An outbreak of RVF occurred in Mauritania from September to November 2020, which involved 78 reported human cases and 25 deaths (CFR 32%)[1]. A total of 186 animal cases of RVF were reported: 94 camels, 89 small ruminants and three cattle.

                    Public health response

                    A One Health approach is being used to manage the epidemic response, including the establishment of a One Health technical committee for a coordinated response at the national level. In the affected wilayas, coordination meetings bringing together the human health and animal health sectors are held weekly.
                    The following priority activities are being implemented:
                    • Organization of daily meetings of the One Health technical committee for the management of this epidemic under the coordination of the Ministry of Health.
                    • Organization of in-depth epidemiological and entomological investigations.
                    • Development of regular situation reports.
                    • Sensitization of affected communities, in particular at-risk populations (animal breeders and butchers), on preventive measures and what to do in the event of abortions and deaths within herds, or the occurrence of a haemorrhagic syndrome in a person and active search finding.
                    • Supplying drugs and personal protective equipment (PPE) to health facilities in affected areas.
                    • Reinforcement of diagnostic and management capacities of health facilities in affected areas.
                    • Mobilization of partners for material and financial support resources.

                    WHO risk assessment

                    RVF is not unusual in Mauritania. The country previously experienced outbreaks in 1987, 2010, 2012, 2015 and 2020. Transmission can occur through carrier mosquito bites, contact with contaminated blood or tissues, and during the slaughter of animals. Confirmation of virus circulation in animals from several areas the majority of wilayas presents a significant risk of amplifying the disease in humans.
                    The precarious environmental conditions, inadequate sanitation services in the affected localities, and high animal density contribute to the proliferation of vectors and the spread of the virus. The abundant rainfall recorded this year and flooding in most of these wilayas, combined with the dumping of waste tires, used containers and garbage, enhances the proliferation of vector breeding sites.
                    The risk of spread at the regional level is moderate. Mauritania is an agro-pastoral country, and the movement of animals in search of water and pasture increases the risk of disease spread. Recurrent cross-border pastoral movements increase the risk of regional spread of the disease into neighboring countries. Fourteen of Mauritania’s 15 wilayas have reported either confirmed human, confirmed animal or suspected animal cases[2], of which nine border Mali, Senegal or Algeria; specifically, the wilayas of Assaba, Adrar, Hodh El Chargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Guidimakha and Tiris Zemmour border Mali; the wilayas of Brakna, Gorgal, Guidimakha and Trarza border Senegal, and the wilaya of Tiris Zemmour borders Algeria. Moreover, RVF is not among the diseases subject to vaccination control of cattle at the borders; and transhumance— a practice characterized by pastoralism and movement of livestock under the care of herders —is frequent within Mauritania and across the borders into Mali and Senegal. Livestock markets in some countries in the sub-region are supplied from Mauritania.
                    The global risk is estimated to be low.

                    WHO advice

                    Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a zoonosis that mainly affects domestic animals, in particular cattle, sheep, camels and goats. Human cases often occur close to outbreaks in livestock, in an environment conducive for local transmission of the virus by mosquito vectors. Most human infections result from direct or indirect contact with the blood or organs of infected animals. Precautions should be taken when in contact with sick animals or patients, as well as with their products and laboratory samples. No human-to-human transmission of RVF has been documented.
                    Public health messaging. Information campaigns on the risk factors for RVF transmission as well as protective measures, such as vector control and protection against mosquito bites, are essential to reducing the number of infections and deaths among people. Public health messages aimed at reducing risk should focus on the following:
                    • Reduce the risk of animal-to-human transmission through safer animal husbandry and slaughter practices, including practicing hand hygiene, wearing gloves and other appropriate PPE when handling sick animals or their tissues, or when animals are slaughtered.
                    • Reduce the risk of animal-to-human transmission from unsafe consumption of fresh blood, raw milk, or animal tissues. In epizootic regions, all animal products (blood, meat, and milk) must be carefully cooked before being consumed.
                    • Implementation of vector control activities (e.g. elimination of larvae in breeding sites), and use of insecticide-treated bed nets and repellents.
                    • Wear light-coloured clothing (long-sleeved shirts and pants) and avoid outdoor activities during times when the vector species is most frequently active/biting.
                    • Restrict or prohibit the movement of livestock to reduce the spread of the virus from infected to uninfected areas.
                    Animal vaccination. When implemented before an outbreak, routine animal vaccination can prevent RVF epizootics. Vaccination campaigns are not recommended during an epizootic because this represents a risk to generate virulent reassortments. As RVF epizootics in animals precede human cases, the establishment of an active animal health surveillance system is essential to provide early warning to veterinary and human public health authorities.
                    Healthcare workers. Although no human-to-human transmission of RVF has been observed, there is a theoretical risk of transmission of the virus to healthcare personnel through contact with contaminated blood or tissue from infected patients. Thus, healthcare workers confronted with suspected or confirmed cases of RVF should apply standard precautions when handling specimens from their patients.
                    WHO advises against the application of any travel or trade restrictions to Mauritania or the affected regions, based on information currently available on this event.

                    Further information
                    [1] Barry, Yahya, et al. "Rift Valley fever, Mauritania, 2020: Lessons from a one health approach." One Health 15 (2022): 100413.

                    [2] Fourteen wilayas have reported either confirmed human, confirmed animal or suspected animal cases. Twelve wilayas reported both confirmed human and animal cases, while two wilayas have reported suspected animal cases only (Tiris Zemmour and Trarza). Nine wilayas reported confirmed human cases (Adrar, Assaba, Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Hodh Echargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Nouakchott Nord, Nouakchott Oest, Nouakchott Sud and Tagant), eight reported confirmed animal cases (Adrar, Assaba, Guidimakha, Hodh Echargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Tagant, Tiris Zemmour and Trarza). Among these, five wilayas overlap in reporting both confirmed human and confirmed animal cases.
                    Citable reference: World Health Organization (20 October 2022). Disease Outbreak News; Rift Valley fever - Mauritania. Available at: https://www.who.int/emergencies/dise...em/2022-DON417





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                    • #11
                      Translation Google

                      Mauritania: Resurgence of Rift Valley Fever cases in livestock

                      BY
                      DEYLOUL
                      OCTOBER 24, 2022

                      The Mauritanian Ministry of Livestock has revealed that 26 new cases of Rift Valley fever have been recorded in livestock, bringing the total number of cases to 293.

                      The Ministry reached these results after carrying out a total of 1437 analyzes in 8 outbreaks of the disease.

                      The Ministry specified that the wilayas where the Rift Valley Fever epidemic was observed are: the two Hodhs, Tiris Zemmour, Tagant, Trarza, Adrar, Assaba and Guidimagha.

                      https://fr.taqadomy.net/policy/actua...ein-du-betail/
                      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                      -Nelson Mandela

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