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  • South Africa - Rabies confirmed in a seal from Cape Town – Report seal bites

    Rabies confirmed in Cape fur seal attacked by dogs at Big Bay

    Published Jun 10, 2024

    Cape Town - A Cape fur seal attacked by dogs at Bloubergstrand has raised concern over the spread of rabies among the seal population.

    This comes after a case of rabies was confirmed in the Cape Peninsula in a pet dog in Noordhoek that exhibited symptoms such as fever and increased aggression. The Western Cape Veterinary Services confirmed the Cape fur seal off the coast at Big Bay recently tested positive for rabies.

    Belinda Abraham, spokesperson for the Cape of Good Hope SPCA, emphasised the importance of avoiding seals at present.

    “The public is advised to stay away from all seals.

    “A further two suspected cases are awaiting confirmation, and these are from different areas along our coastline,” said Abraham.
    ...

    https://www.iol.co.za/capeargus/news/rare-rabies-detection-in-seal-bitten-by-a-dog-a4a39685-b35f-4381-8cb3-2223deefb91f#:~:text=Cape%20Town%20%2D%20The%20rec ent%20detection,and%20Muizenberg%20on%20May%2026.

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    Rabies confirmed in a seal from Cape Town – Report seal bites

    11 June 2024

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    On 7 June 2024, a case of rabies was confirmed in a wild Cape fur seal from Big Bay, Blouberg, Cape Town. Suspected positive results have also been received for seals sampled at Strand on 15 May and Muizenberg on 26 May.

    The Western Cape Veterinary Services, the Department of Forestry, Fisheries and Environment (DFFE), City of Cape Town Coastal Management, and other partners are working to establish the origin and extent of the outbreak through further sampling and testing. Once determined, a management plan will be formulated. Rabies has not been detected in seals in Southern Africa, and this is one of very few detections in seals worldwide.

    Please note the following:
    • It is normal for seals to haul out to rest on beaches in the Cape provinces, and dead seals are also common. A seal may act aggressively if it feels threatened.
    • Given that rabies infections are fatal in unvaccinated animals and people, and there is no treatment, a precautionary approach is being taken.

    Precautionary measures:
    • Avoid all human and animal contact with seals or any wildlife.
    • Anyone bitten by a seal should immediately seek medical attention.
    • Anyone with an animal bitten by a seal in the last 6 months should consult the local state veterinarian (see link below).
    • Report the date and location of the bite event, type of wounds, treatment received, and vaccination status of the animal patient (provide written proof of vaccination and dates, if possible).
    • Ensure your animal’s rabies vaccine is up to date. By law, all dogs and cats in South Africa must be vaccinated against rabies by their owners.

    Rabies is transmitted through direct contact between infected animals, including licking, scratching, nipping, and biting. Rabies can be transmitted to people through the lick, scratch, or bite of a rabid animal or any saliva contact with broken skin.

    If bitten by a suspected rabid animal:
    1. Clean the wound with soap and water for 15 minutes. This is a critical step and should be done immediately.
    2. Go to the hospital/emergency room/clinic for further medical attention. You will be assessed, and arrangements made for you to receive post-exposure prophylaxis, which usually includes a series of rabies vaccinations and rabies immunoglobulins/antibodies (RIG), depending on the nature of the bite. RIG is not available everywhere – the doctor will guide you on your next steps. The doctor can call the nearest public sector hospital to determine where vaccine and RIG stocks are available.

    Rabies vaccinations for animals are available throughout the province at private veterinary clinics, animal welfare organisations, and during pre-arranged vaccination campaigns by Western Cape Veterinary Services.

    For more information about rabies and the contact details of your local Western Cape State Veterinarian, please visit https://www.elsenburg.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/08/RabiesAwareness-FAQ.pdf
    ...



    -------------------------------------------------

    South Africa - Rabies virus (Inf. with) - Immediate notification

    GENERAL INFORMATION
    COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
    ZONE

    ANIMAL TYPE
    TERRESTRIAL

    DISEASE CATEGORY
    Listed disease

    EVENT ID
    5706

    DISEASE
    Rabies virus (Inf. with)

    CAUSAL AGENT
    Rabies virus

    GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
    RABV

    START DATE
    2024/05/22

    REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
    Unusual host species

    DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE
    -

    CONFIRMATION DATE
    2024/06/07

    EVENT STATUS
    On-going

    END DATE
    -

    SELF-DECLARATION
    NO

    REPORT INFORMATION
    REPORT NUMBER
    Immediate notification

    REPORT ID
    IN_167726

    REPORT REFERENCE
    RAB_WCP_Seal_2024_IN

    REPORT DATE
    2024/06/11

    REPORT STATUS
    Validated

    NO EVOLUTION REPORT
    -

    EPIDEMIOLOGY
    SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
    Unknown or inconclusive

    EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
    No epidemiological comment

    QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY
    MEASURING UNIT
    Animal

    SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated
    Otariidae (unidentified) (WILD)
    NEW - 1
    1 0 0 0
    TOTAL - 1 1 0 0 0
    DIAGNOSTIC DETAILS
    CLINICAL SIGNS
    YES
    ...
    NEW OUTBREAKS

    OB_135232 - RAB_WCP_SEAL_2024_001 - RAB_WCP_SEAL_2024_001

    OUTBREAK REFERENCE
    RAB_WCP_Seal_2024_001

    START DATE
    2024/05/22

    END DATE
    -

    DETAILED CHARACTERISATION
    -

    FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    Western Cape

    SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    City of Cape Town

    THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    City of Cape Town

    EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT
    Other

    LOCATION
    RAB_WCP_Seal_2024_001

    Latitude, Longitude
    -33.8 , 18.5

    (Approximate location)
    OUTBREAKS IN CLUSTER
    -

    MEASURING UNIT
    Animal

    AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION
    -

    SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated
    Otariidae (unidentified) (WILD)
    Wild
    NEW - 1
    1 0 0 0
    TOTAL - 1 1 0 0 0

    https://wahis.woah.org/#/in-review/5706​

  • #2
    ​South Africa - Rabies virus (Inf. with) - Follow up report 1

    GENERAL INFORMATION
    COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
    ZONE

    ANIMAL TYPE
    TERRESTRIAL

    DISEASE CATEGORY
    Listed disease

    EVENT ID
    5706

    DISEASE
    Rabies virus (Inf. with)

    CAUSAL AGENT
    Rabies virus

    GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
    RABV

    START DATE
    2024/05/22

    REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
    Unusual host species

    DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE
    -

    CONFIRMATION DATE
    2024/06/07

    EVENT STATUS
    On-going

    END DATE
    -

    SELF-DECLARATION
    NO

    REPORT INFORMATION
    REPORT NUMBER
    Follow-up report 1

    REPORT ID
    FUR_168081

    REPORT REFERENCE
    RAB_WCP_Seal_2024_FU01

    REPORT DATE
    2024/07/08

    REPORT STATUS
    Validated

    NO EVOLUTION REPORT
    -

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
    Unknown or inconclusive
    EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
    No epidemiological comment

    QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY
    MEASURING UNIT
    Animal

    SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated
    Otariidae (unidentified) (WILD)
    NEW - 2
    2 0 0 0
    TOTAL - 3 3 0 0 0
    ...

    NEW OUTBREAKS

    OB_136438 - RAB_WCP_SEAL_2024_003 - RAB_WCP_SEAL_2024_003

    OUTBREAK REFERENCE
    RAB_WCP_Seal_2024_003

    START DATE
    2024/06/26

    END DATE
    -

    DETAILED CHARACTERISATION
    -

    FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    Western Cape

    SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    City of Cape Town

    THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    City of Cape Town
    ...
    AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION
    Cape fur seal - Arctocephalus pusillus


    SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated
    Otariidae (unidentified) (WILD)
    Wild
    NEW - 1 1 0 0 0
    TOTAL - 1 1 0 0 0
    ...



    OB_136045 - RAB_WCP_SEAL_2024_002 - RAB_WCP_SEAL_2024_002

    OUTBREAK REFERENCE
    RAB_WCP_Seal_2024_002

    START DATE
    2024/06/16

    END DATE
    -

    DETAILED CHARACTERISATION
    -

    FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    Western Cape

    SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    Overberg

    THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    Overstrand

    EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT
    Other

    LOCATION
    RAB_WCP_Seal_2024_002

    Latitude, Longitude
    -34.7 , 19.6

    (Approximate location)
    OUTBREAKS IN CLUSTER
    -

    MEASURING UNIT
    Animal

    AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION
    Cape fur seal -
    Arctocephalus pusillus

    SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated
    Otariidae (unidentified) (WILD)
    Wild
    NEW - 1 1 0 0 0
    TOTAL - 1 1 0 0 0
    ...

    Comment


    • #3
      Dead seals on Cape Town beaches raise fears about widening rabies outbreak

      Published 8:48 AM EDT, Fri July 12, 2024​
      By Nimi Princewill, CNN

      ... The city has recorded “11 positive rabies cases in seals so far,” with the last positive case detected in a seal tested 10 days ago, according to Oelofse.​ ...

      The Western Cape provincial health department alerted residents of a rabies risk last month, warning of “the potential for rabies cases along the entire coastline where seals are present.”

      Authorities said in late June that they had confirmed seven cases of the disease in seals from seven beaches in Cape Town and elsewhere on the Western Cape, urging residents to avoid contact with the animals. The first case was detected in October 2023, they noted. ...

      Dead seals are washing up along beaches in South Africa’s port city of Cape Town, a coastal management official told CNN Friday, amid an outbreak of rabies in the marine animals.

      Comment

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