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Rabies, Italy (WAHID Interface - OIE World Animal Health Information Database, 4/9/10, edited): Endemicity established in affected areas.

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  • Rabies, Italy (WAHID Interface - OIE World Animal Health Information Database, 4/9/10, edited): Endemicity established in affected areas.

    Rabies, Italy (WAHID Interface - OIE World Animal Health Information Database, 4/9/10, edited)

    [Source: OIE, <cite cite="http://www.oie.int/wahis/public.php?page=single_report&pop=1&reportid=9131" >WAHID Interface - OIE World Animal Health Information Database</cite>. Edited.]

    Rabies, Italy

    Information received on 09/04/2010 from Prof. Dr Romano Marabelli, Capo Dipartimento, Dipartimento Sanita Pubblica Veterinaria, Nutrizione e Sicurezza Alimenti , Ministero Lavoro, Salute e Politiche Sociali, ROME , Italy
    • Summary
      • Report type Follow-up report No. 43 (Final report)
      • Start date 10/10/2008
      • Date of first confirmation of the event 17/10/2008
      • Report date 09/04/2010
      • Date submitted to OIE 09/04/2010
      • Date event resolved 09/04/2010
      • Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
      • Date of previous occurrence 1995
      • Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
      • Causal agent Rabies virus
      • Serotype RABV
      • Nature of diagnosis Suspicion, Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
      • This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
      • Related reports
        • * Immediate notification (21/10/2008)
        • * Follow-up report No. 1 (29/10/2008)
        • * Follow-up report No. 2 (05/12/2008)
        • * Follow-up report No. 3 (09/01/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 4 (15/01/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 5 (23/01/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 6 (05/02/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 7 (31/03/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 8 (07/04/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 9 (08/05/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 10 (18/06/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 11 (30/06/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 12 (02/07/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 13 (10/08/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 14 (17/08/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 15 (27/08/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 16 (02/09/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 17 (23/09/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 18 (25/09/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 19 (30/09/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 20 (06/10/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 21 (14/10/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 22 (19/10/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 23 (04/11/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 24 (09/11/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 25 (23/11/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 26 (30/11/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 27 (04/12/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 28 (11/12/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 29 (18/12/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 30 (31/12/2009)
        • * Follow-up report No. 31 (12/01/2010)
        • * Follow-up report No. 32 (18/01/2010)
        • * Follow-up report No. 33 (24/01/2010)
        • * Follow-up report No. 34 (02/02/2010)
        • * Follow-up report No. 35 (10/02/2010)
        • * Follow-up report No. 36 (16/02/2010)
        • * Follow-up report No. 37 (18/02/2010)
        • * Follow-up report No. 38 (26/02/2010)
        • * Follow-up report No. 39 (05/03/2010)
        • * Follow-up report No. 40 (13/03/2010)
        • * Follow-up report No. 41 (23/03/2010)
        • * Follow-up report No. 42 (31/03/2010)
        • * Follow-up report No. 43 (09/04/2010)

    • New outbreaks
      • Outbreak 1 (207 RABIES) - LOCALITA' STALLE BOA, SOVRAMONTE, BELLUNO, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 27/03/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 1 - 0 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox found dead
      • Outbreak 2 (201 RABIES) - LOCALITA' GRETO DEL FIUME PIAVE, PERAROLO DI CADORE, BELLUNO, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 25/03/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 1 - 0 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox found dead
      • Outbreak 3 (202 RABIES) - LOCALITA' SAVINER DI LASTE*, ROCCA PIETORE, BELLUNO, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 26/03/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 1 - 0 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox found dead
      • Outbreak 4 (213 - RABIES) LOCALITA' TAMBAR, LORENZAGO DI CADORE, BELLUNO, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 05/04/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 1 - 0 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox found dead
      • Outbreak 5 (216 RABIES) - LOCALITA' 5 TORRI, CORTINA D'AMPEZZO, BELLUNO, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 04/04/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 1 - 0 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox found dead
      • Outbreak 6 (205 RABIES) - LOCALITA' VIA SOTTA LERPA, SAPPADA, BELLUNO, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 26/03/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 1 - 0 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox found dead
      • Outbreak 7 (209 RABIES) - LOCALITA' PIAN DE SALESEI DI SOTTO, LIVINALLONGO DEL COL DI LANA, BELLUNO, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 27/03/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 1 - 0 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox found dead
      • Outbreak 8 (198 RABIES) - LOCALITA' PROGOITO - LAGUSIEI, CORTINA D'AMPEZZO, BELLUNO, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 25/03/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 1 - 0 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox found dead
      • Outbreak 9 (206 RABIES) - LOCALITA' VILLAPICCOLA LAGO, AURONZO DI CADORE, BELLUNO, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 26/03/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals_ Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 1 - 0 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox found dead
      • Outbreak 10 (208 RABIES) - LOCALITA' PONTE PER VILLANOVA, BORCA DI CADORE, BELLUNO, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 29/03/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 0 - 1 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox culled
      • Outbreak 11 (199 RABIES) - LOCALITA' S.P. PER CASERA RAZZO KM 9,2, VIGO DI CADORE, BELLUNO, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 24/03/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 1 - 0 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox found dead
      • Outbreak 12 (204 RABIES) - LOCALITA' VIA DELLA GROTTA, AURONZO DI CADORE, BELLUNO, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 26/03/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 0 - 1 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox culled
      • Outbreak 13 (210 RABIES) - LOCALITA' VELT, SAURIS, UDINE, FRIULI-VENEZIA GIULIA
        • Date of start of the outbreak 28/03/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 0 - 1 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox culled
      • Outbreak 14 (212 RABIES) - LOCALITA' VAL DI RONCO, CALALZO DI CADORE, BELLUNO, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 05/04/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 1 - 0 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox found dead
      • Outbreak 15 (200 RABIES) - LOCALITA' LAGO DI VODO DI CADORE, VODO DI CADORE, BELLUNO, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 25/03/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 1 - 0 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox found dead
      • Outbreak 16 (211 RABIES) - LOCALITA' PRADIS DI SOTTO, GERCHIA VIA DELLA SORGENTE, CLAUZETTO, PORDENONE, FRIULI-VENEZIA GIULIA
        • Date of start of the outbreak 01/04/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 0 - 1 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox culled
      • Outbreak 17 (203 RABIES) - LOCALITA' CASAL, FORNO DI ZOLDO, BELLUNO, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 26/03/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 1 - 0 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox found dead
      • Outbreak 18 (214 RABIES) - LOCALITA' STAZIONE DI PARTENZA FUNIVIA FRECCIA DEL CIELO, CORTINA D'AMPEZZO, BELLUNO, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 04/04/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 0 - 1 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox culled
      • Outbreak 19 (215 RABIES) - LOCALITA' LA VARES, BORCA DI CADORE, BELLUNO, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 03/04/2010
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
          • Wild species - ... - 1 - 1 - 0 - 0
          • Affected Population The positivity regards a fox found dead

    • Summary of outbreaks
      • Total outbreaks: 19
      • Total animals affected: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
        • Wild species - ... - 19 - 14 - 5 - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species - Apparent morbidity rate - Apparent mortality rate - Apparent case fatality rate - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Wild species - ** - ** - 73.68% - **
        • * Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
        • ** Not calculated because of missing information

    • Epidemiology
      • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
        • Unknown or inconclusive
        • Contact with wild species

    • Epidemiological comments
      • On the basis of the epidemiological evolution and the outbreaks detected in the last months, the disease is considered endemic in the defined affected zones of north-eastern Italy: Friuli-Venezia Giulia region and Veneto region - Belluno province.
      • New oral vaccination campaigns are planned to be carried out during 2010, to distribute about 2 millions baits for foxes totally in the above affected zone and neighbour areas, about 20,000 square km.

    • Control measures
      • Measures applied
        • Control of wildlife reservoirs
        • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s): Administrative division - Species - Total Vaccinated - Details
          • FRIULI-VENEZIA GIULIA - Wild species - 222000 baits for foxes - modified-live vaccine Rabigen SAG2 Virbac
          • VENETO - Wild species - 200000 baits for foxes - modified-live vaccine SAD B 19 - IDT Biologika
          • TRENTO - Wild species - 50000 baits for foxes - modified-live vaccine SAD B 19 - IDT Biologika
          • BOLZANO - Wild species - 50000 baits for foxes - modified-live vaccine SAD B 19 - IDT Biologika
        • No treatment of affected animals
      • Measures to be applied
        • No other measures

    • Diagnostic test results
      • Laboratory name and type Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute (IZS), Venezie - Padova, National Reference Laboratory (National laboratory)
        • Tests and results: Species - Test - Test date - Result
          • Wild species - direct immunofluorescence (DIF) test - 31/03/2010 - Positive
          • Wild species - direct immunofluorescence (DIF) test - 01/04/2010 - Positive
          • Wild species - direct immunofluorescence (DIF) test - 08/04/2010 - Positive

    • Future Reporting
      • The event is unlikely to be contained and is now considered to be endemic. No more follow-up reports will be made, but instead, information about this disease will be included in the future six-monthly reports.

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