[Source: OIE, full page: (LINK). Edited.]


Rabies, Netherlands


Information received on 21/10/2013 from Dr Christianne Bruschke, Chief Veterinary Officer , Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, The Hague, Netherlands
  • Summary
    • Report type Immediate notification
    • Date of start of the event 10/10/2013
    • Date of pre-confirmation of the event 19/10/2013
    • Report date 21/10/2013
    • Date submitted to OIE 21/10/2013
    • Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence 08/2012
    • Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    • Causal agent Rabies virus
    • Serotype RABV
    • Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to the whole country

  • New outbreaks (2)
    • Outbreak 1 - Zaandam, NOORD-HOLLAND
      • Date of start of the outbreak 10/10/2013
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
        • Dogs - 1 1 0 1 0
          • Affected population
            • It is a case of imported rabies.
            • The case concerns a puppy imported from Bulgaria on 5 October 2013.
            • The first clinical signs appeared on 10 October 2013.
            • This is a sister of the dog mentioned in the first outbreak.

    • Outbreak 2 - Rotterdam, ZUID-HOLLAND
      • Date of start of the outbreak 10/10/2013
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
        • Dogs - 1 1 0 1 0
        • Affected population
          • It is a case of imported rabies.
          • The case concerns a puppy imported from Bulgaria on 5 October 2013.
          • The first clinical signs appeared on 10 October 2013.

  • Summary of outbreaks
    • Total outbreaks: 2
      • Total animals affected: Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
        • Dogs 2 2 0 2 0

      • Outbreak statistics: Species - Apparent morbidity rate - Apparent mortality rate - Apparent case fatality rate - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Dogs - 100.00% - 0.00% - 0.00% - 100.00%
        • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter

  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Introduction of new live animals

  • Epidemiological comments
    • It is an event of imported rabies from Bulgaria to The Netherlands.
    • The cases concern two four-month-old puppies which were introduced on 5 October in The Netherlands.
    • The first signs of rabies occurred on 10 October and consisted in a fever and paralysis.
    • This dog was euthanized on 18 October.
    • The second dog was euthanized because it originated from the same litter; it was a sister of the first dog.
    • This dog was suffering from haemorrhagic gastro-enteritis, but showed no neurological signs.
    • Humans in contact with the dogs during the last two weeks are going to be investigated by and treated if necessary by the health services.

  • Control measures
    • Measures applied
      • No vaccination
      • No treatment of affected animals

    • Measures to be applied
      • No other measures

  • Diagnostic test results
    • Laboratory name and type Species Test - Test date Result
      • Central Veterinary Institute (CVI), Lelystad (National laboratory) Dogs - direct immunofluorescence (DIF) test - 19/10/2013 Positive
      • Central Veterinary Institute (CVI), Lelystad (National laboratory) Dogs - direct immunofluorescence (DIF) test - 20/10/2013 Positive
      • Central Veterinary Institute (CVI), Lelystad (National laboratory) Dogs - polymerase chain reaction (PCR) - 19/10/2013 Positive
      • Central Veterinary Institute (CVI), Lelystad (National laboratory) Dogs - polymerase chain reaction (PCR) - 20/10/2013 Positive

  • Future Reporting
    • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

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