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Rabies, Netherlands (OIE, October 21 2013): 2 imported dogs from Bulgaria

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  • Rabies, Netherlands (OIE, October 21 2013): 2 imported dogs from Bulgaria

    [Source: OIE, full page: (LINK). Edited.]


    Rabies, Netherlands


    Information received on 21/10/2013 from Dr Christianne Bruschke, Chief Veterinary Officer , Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, The Hague, Netherlands
    • Summary
      • Report type Immediate notification
      • Date of start of the event 10/10/2013
      • Date of pre-confirmation of the event 19/10/2013
      • Report date 21/10/2013
      • Date submitted to OIE 21/10/2013
      • Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
      • Date of previous occurrence 08/2012
      • Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
      • Causal agent Rabies virus
      • Serotype RABV
      • Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
      • This event pertains to the whole country

    • New outbreaks (2)
      • Outbreak 1 - Zaandam, NOORD-HOLLAND
        • Date of start of the outbreak 10/10/2013
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
          • Dogs - 1 1 0 1 0
            • Affected population
              • It is a case of imported rabies.
              • The case concerns a puppy imported from Bulgaria on 5 October 2013.
              • The first clinical signs appeared on 10 October 2013.
              • This is a sister of the dog mentioned in the first outbreak.

      • Outbreak 2 - Rotterdam, ZUID-HOLLAND
        • Date of start of the outbreak 10/10/2013
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
          • Dogs - 1 1 0 1 0
          • Affected population
            • It is a case of imported rabies.
            • The case concerns a puppy imported from Bulgaria on 5 October 2013.
            • The first clinical signs appeared on 10 October 2013.

    • Summary of outbreaks
      • Total outbreaks: 2
        • Total animals affected: Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
          • Dogs 2 2 0 2 0

        • Outbreak statistics: Species - Apparent morbidity rate - Apparent mortality rate - Apparent case fatality rate - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
          • Dogs - 100.00% - 0.00% - 0.00% - 100.00%
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter

    • Epidemiology
      • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
        • Introduction of new live animals

    • Epidemiological comments
      • It is an event of imported rabies from Bulgaria to The Netherlands.
      • The cases concern two four-month-old puppies which were introduced on 5 October in The Netherlands.
      • The first signs of rabies occurred on 10 October and consisted in a fever and paralysis.
      • This dog was euthanized on 18 October.
      • The second dog was euthanized because it originated from the same litter; it was a sister of the first dog.
      • This dog was suffering from haemorrhagic gastro-enteritis, but showed no neurological signs.
      • Humans in contact with the dogs during the last two weeks are going to be investigated by and treated if necessary by the health services.

    • Control measures
      • Measures applied
        • No vaccination
        • No treatment of affected animals

      • Measures to be applied
        • No other measures

    • Diagnostic test results
      • Laboratory name and type Species Test - Test date Result
        • Central Veterinary Institute (CVI), Lelystad (National laboratory) Dogs - direct immunofluorescence (DIF) test - 19/10/2013 Positive
        • Central Veterinary Institute (CVI), Lelystad (National laboratory) Dogs - direct immunofluorescence (DIF) test - 20/10/2013 Positive
        • Central Veterinary Institute (CVI), Lelystad (National laboratory) Dogs - polymerase chain reaction (PCR) - 19/10/2013 Positive
        • Central Veterinary Institute (CVI), Lelystad (National laboratory) Dogs - polymerase chain reaction (PCR) - 20/10/2013 Positive

    • Future Reporting
      • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

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