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Indonesia - Polio outbreak 2022

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  • Indonesia - Polio outbreak 2022

    Hat tip to Michael Coston:

    Indonesia: Extraordinary Event (KLB) Declared In Aceh After Child Diagnosed With Polio


    Translation Google

    The Government Moves Quickly to Handle Polio Cases in Pidie District

    Published On : Saturday, 19 November 2022 00:00:00, Read : 109 Times

    Jakarta, 19 November 2022

    A total of 415 districts/cities in 30 provinces in Indonesia are included in the high risk criteria for polio due to low immunization, including Aceh. For this reason, the government is intensifying immunization efforts.

    "If you look at the coverage of oral poliovirus OPV and IPV, it is indeed low throughout Indonesia, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic," said the Director General of Disease Prevention and Control, dr. Maxi Rein Rondonuwu in Jakarta, Saturday (19/11).

    Meanwhile, in early November 2022, one case of polio was found in Pidie District, Aceh based on RT-PCR tracing. So then the government of Pidie Regency implemented Polio Extraordinary Events at the Pidie Regency level.

    Patient aged 7 years 2 months with paralysis of the left leg. The child started to feel a fever on October 6, then on October 18 he entered the Sigil TCD Hospital. On 21 to 22 October the pediatrician suspected polio and took two specimens and sent them to the province. Then on November 7, the RT-PCR results came out with confirmation of type 2 polio.

    Director General Maxi said the child had wasting in the left thigh and calf muscles and did not have a history of immunizations, no travel history of contact with travellers.

    "But I saw this child's condition yesterday, he was able to walk even though he was limping, but there was no medication. He'll just have to stay at physiotherapy to maintain his muscle mass," said Director General Maxi.

    From epidemiological investigations, in addition to the low coverage of Polio immunization, it was found that factors of clean and healthy living behavior in the population were still lacking. There are still residents who practice open defecation in rivers. Although toilets are available, the sewerage drains directly into the river, while river water is used as a source of community activities, including children's play areas.

    The Pidie District Health Office team together with the Aceh Provincial Health Office, the Ministry of Health, WHO, and Unicef ​​have carried out a number of important actions including conducting tracking to look for other cases of paralysis around the case's residence, taking stool samples in the affected areas for examination, and checking samples of water in dumps and rapid surveys of immunization coverage.

    Furthermore, measures to prevent wider transmission will be taken immediately by increasing the notification of health workers and health facilities to detect other cases of paralysis, to be followed up medically and epidemiologically.

    Furthermore, 2 rounds of additional polio immunization will be given to all children aged 0-13 years in all areas of Aceh Province which is planned to start on November 28, 2022.

    Educating and mobilizing the community to prevent transmission of the polio virus regarding the importance of routine immunization for children, implementing clean and healthy living habits, especially defecating in the latrines.

    Polio disease is very dangerous for children because it causes paralysis and there is no cure, but it is easily prevented with complete polio immunization and routine immunization. Prevention is also carried out by adopting clean and healthy living behaviors such as defecating in standard latrines, washing hands with soap and using boiled water for eating and drinking.

    ''I appeal to all people to immediately complete routine immunizations for children according to schedule, and apply clean and healthy living habits,'' said Director General Maxi.

    This news was broadcast by the Bureau of Communication and Public Services, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. For further information, please contact the Halo Ministry of Health hotline number via hotline number 1500-567, SMS 081281562620, facsimile (021) 5223002, 52921669, and contact email address [at] Ministry of Health [dot] go [dot] id (D2).
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela