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Nipah outbreaks in India - Historical

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  • Nipah outbreaks in India - Historical

    Nipah/Hendra virus outbreak in Siliguri, West Bengal, India in 2001A.K. Harit, R.L. Ichhpujani, Sunil Gupta*, K.S. Gill**, Shiv Lal*, N.K. Ganguly+ & S.P. Agarwal

    Indian J Med Res 123, April 2006, pp 553-560

    Received August 12, 2005

    Background & objectives: The viral encephalitides caused by animal or human viruses are characterized by sudden outbreaks of neurological disease in both tropical and temperate regions.
    An outbreak of acute encephalitis occurred in Siliguri (West Bengal) town of India between January 31 and February 23, 2001. This outbreak was investigated by a team of scientists from four major institutions, and the findings are presented here.

    Methods: Detailed information about the outbreak was collected with the help of local health authorities. Limited entomological investigations were also done. Samples collected from cases and contacts were sent for analysis.

    Results: A total of 66 probable cases and 45 deaths were reported. Epidemiological linkages between cases point towards person-to-person transmission and incubation period of around 10 days. There was neither any concurrent illness in animals nor was there any exposure of cases to animals. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA concluded on the basis of tests carried out on serum specimen from four cases and two contacts that the causative pathogen appears to be Nipah/ Hendra or closely related virus.

    Interpretation & conclusion: This outbreak highlights the importance and urgency of establishing a strong surveillance system supported by a network of state- of -the- art laboratories equipped to handle and diagnose new pathogens and including patient isolation techniques, use of personal protective equipment, barrier nursing and safe disposal of potentially infected material in the prevention and control measures for Nipah/Hendra virus infection.


    full paper attached;
    Attached Files
    Twitter: @RonanKelly13
    The views expressed are mine alone and do not represent the views of my employer or any other person or organization.

  • #2
    Re: Nipah outbreaks in India - Historical

    West Bengal on alert as five die in outbreak of animal-borne disease
    A rare animal-borne disease, the Nipah virus, has killed five people in West Bengal, prompting authorities to declare a state of alert, health officials said yesterday.

    AP
    Published: 00:00 May 9, 2007


    Kolkata: A rare animal-borne disease, the Nipah virus, has killed five people in West Bengal, prompting authorities to declare a state of alert, health officials said yesterday.

    Four members of a family and a health official have died since early April, said Mohan Basu, a doctor in the affected Nadia district of West Bengal.

    ...

    The last major Nipah outbreak occurred in Malaysia, where 265 people were infected between 1998 and 1999.

    Slaughtered

    Some 105 people died and nearly a million pigs, believed to have spread the disease, were slaughtered before the outbreak was controlled.

    ...

    Nadia district, 121 km from Kolkata, borders Bangladesh, which also had an outbreak of the disease in 2004.

    ...
    http://gulfnews.com/news/world/india...sease-1.177701
    Last edited by sharon sanders; February 6th, 2011, 01:28 PM. Reason: bolded date
    Twitter: @RonanKelly13
    The views expressed are mine alone and do not represent the views of my employer or any other person or organization.

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