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Ghana - Lassa Fever outbreak 2023

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  • Ghana - Lassa Fever outbreak 2023

    February 26, 2023
    By Isaac Dzidzoamenu

    The Ghana Health Service (GHS) has said two cases of Lassa Fever have been confirmed after tests by the Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research on 24thFebruary 2023.

    According to the GHS, both cases reside in Accra.

    In a statement dated 26th February 2023 and signed by the Director-General, Patrick Kuma-Aboagye said that Public Health Emergency Management committees at all levels (National, Regions and Districts) have been activated.

    ... “The first case was 40-year trader, who was unwell for a period of about two weeks and finally died at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital. The second case, who is a contact of the fatal case, is currently on admission but is very stable. So far, 56 contacts have been identified and are being followed up,” he disclosed. ...

    The Ghana Health Service (GHS) has said two cases of Lassa Fever have been confirmed after tests by the Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research on 24th February 2023. According to the GHS, both cases reside in Accra. In a statement dated 26th February 2023 and signed by the Director-General, Patrick Kuma-Aboagye said that Public […]



  • #2

    Ghana Health Service@_GHSofficial
    ❗️PRESS RELEASE ❗️
    Update on Lassa Fever Outbreak in Ghana -28th February 2023




    4:37 PM · Feb 28, 2023

    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

    Comment


    • #3
      WEEKLY BULLETIN ON OUTBREAKS
      AND OTHER EMERGENCIES

      Week 10: 27 February to 5 March 2023
      Data as reported by: 17:00; 5 March 2023

      ...

      Ghana

      Lassa Fever


      14 Cases
      1 Death
      7.0% CFR


      EVENT DESCRIPTION

      The Ministry of Health in Ghana notified two confirmed
      cases of Lassa Fever on 24 February 2023 in the Greater
      Accra Region. The index case is a 40-year-old female
      trader resident of Ablekuma North Municipality in Greater
      Accra Region. She initially consulted at a Municipality
      Hospital on 4 February 2023 where she was managed as
      an outpatient for general body pain and sore throat.
      She again sought care at the same hospital on 13
      February 2023 with a generalised body rash, respiratory
      distress, and inability to walk with no improvement. She
      was referred to Korle Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH)
      on 16 February 2023 where she died within five hours
      of admission. Laboratory tests done at the Noguchi
      Memorial Institute for Medical Research on the ante and
      post-mortem blood samples turned positive for acute
      hemorrhagic Fever.

      The second case is a 33-year-old female healthcare
      worker who was part of the team that attended to the index
      case at the KBTH on 17 February 2023. She developed
      sore throat on 20 February and reportedly visited a
      private hospital for care. She subsequently developed
      fever, headache, loss of appetite, intense fatigue and
      joint pain. Blood samples taken for VHF testing on 23
      February 2023 and tested positive for Lassa Fever.
      As of 28 February 2023, a total of 14 confirmed cases
      of Lassa Fever and one death (CFR: 7.0%) were notified
      from three districts namely Weija Gbawe, Tema West and
      Accra Metropolitan with the majority in Accra. Most of the
      cases 9 (64%) are females and 50 % of all confirmed
      cases are between 26 to 35 years.

      In total, 110 contacts of confirmed cases have been
      identified across four districts, namely Weija Gbawe
      (49), Ablekuma North (40), Accra Metro (12), and Tema
      West (9). Of 84 contacts with confirmed cases tested, 12
      (14.3%) turned positive for Lassa fever and seven among
      the positive cases were healthcare workers.

      In-depth epidemiological and environmental
      investigations are ongoing to identify the source of this
      outbreak. Preliminary investigations suggest no travel
      history outside of Accra for the two cases. The environment
      assessment focuses mainly on a local market, which was
      visited by the index case. This market serves as a hub for
      yam trade and is noted for rodent infestation.

      Outbreaks of Lassa Fever are uncommon in Ghana, with
      the last outbreak occurring in 2012 in the Ashanti Region
      with two confirmed cases registered.

      PUBLIC HEALTH ACTIONS

      The National and Regional Public Health Emergency
      Operational Center has been activated, and the
      regional and district Public Health Emergency
      Management Committee are active in affected
      regions and districts.

      The Ministry of Health issued a press release to
      update the public on the current situation of Lass
      Fever in Ghana

      Compilation of Emergency Preparedness Plan of all
      thematic groups is ongoing

      Epidemiological investigation activities are ongoing,
      including the deployment of the rapid response
      teams in all affected districts.

      Review of health records at the facility level, contact
      tracing and follow up and sensitisation of health care
      workers to improve case detection and in-depth
      investigation are underway.

      Multisectoral environmental assessments are ongoing
      Mobilization of logistics and consumables activities
      are ongoing.

      All cases are being managed at a national isolation
      facility, and clinicians have been sensitised on case
      management.

      Healthcare workers have been sensitised on IPC
      measures and there is the strict adherence to of IPC
      measures in health facilities Risk communication
      and community engagement activities are
      ongoing, including revision and dissemination of
      communication materials on Lassa Fever.

      SITUATION INTERPRETATION

      After eight days of notification of the first two cases of
      Lassa fever on 24 February 2023, additional 12 cases
      have been confirmed. Most of the confirmed cases were
      known contacts of confirmed cases. The high number
      of reported confirmed cases among healthcare workers
      highlights the urgent need to strengthen IPC measures in
      health facilities. In addition, the current outbreak setting
      is linked to highly populated areas which may contribute
      to the rapid spread of the outbreak. Epidemiological
      investigations, including the environmental assessment,
      should be fastened to identify the source of the outbreak
      and put in place necessary public health actions to avoid
      its spreads to other regions.
      ...
      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
      -Nelson Mandela

      Comment


      • #4
        Outbreak over. Data indicated 14 cases one death.

        Source: https://www.modernghana.com/news/122...ssa-fever.html

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