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Ethiopia: 2017 Diarrhea

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  • Ethiopia: 2017 Diarrhea


    Ethiopia Declares Another Diarrhea Outbreak
    April 07, 2017 5:04 PM

    Henok Fente
    Salem Solomon
    Eskender Frew

    Ethiopia has declared an outbreak of acute watery diarrhea, also known as AWD, in the country's Somali region, where people are already struggling to cope with a persistent drought.

    Dr. Akpaka Kalu, the World Health Organization representative to Ethiopia, told VOA on Friday that 16,000 cases of AWD had been recorded in the region since January.

    The total number of deaths is uncertain.

    Regional President Abdi Mohammed Omar said Friday that 19 children had died of AWD in Dollo zone, an area near the southern border with Somalia. This week, residents of a remote village, Qorile, told VOA?s Somali service that dozens had died and more than 700 had received treatment for the illness.

    Omar said some of the treatment centers set up to address the outbreak were making headway.

    ?We have managed to control the worst effects of the disease by establishing temporary emergency medical posts in remote villages," he said.

    Federal authorities have deployed 500 nurses and 68 doctors to fight the disease, in addition to 700 trained health officers, he told VOA's Amharic service.

    Additionally, the WHO has deployed teams on the ground and set up treatment camps to address the outbreak...

  • #2
    Acute watery diarrhoea/ Humanitarian crisis 33,145 Cases 776 Deaths 2.3% CFR

    Event description

    The impact of the El Ni?o induced drought continues to be felt in Ethiopia
    in 2017 especially in the south-eastern part of the country. The
    consequences include severe and prolonged water shortages, population
    displacement, food insecurity resulting from crop losses, livestock
    deaths and associated rising levels of severe acute malnutrition (SAM)
    along with outbreaks of epidemic-prone diseases.
    The outbreak of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Somali region has
    started to decline. In week 19 (week ending 14 May 2017), a total of
    669 AWD cases were reported in Amhara, Oromia and Somali regions.
    This indicates a significant reduction in the weekly caseload compared
    to the weekly average of over 4,000 cases reported at the peak of the
    outbreak (between weeks 12 and 14). From the beginning of 2017, a
    total of 33,145 cases and 776 deaths (CFR 2.3%) have been reported
    in the country from six regions of Somali, Oromia, Amhara, Afar, SNNP
    and Tigray. Ninety-one percent (91%) of these cases and 99% of the
    deaths were reported in Somali Region.
    During week 19 (week ending 14 May 2017), a total of 50 laboratory
    confirmed measles cases have been reported in the country. As of 15
    May, a total of 1,824 suspected measles cases have been reported in
    the country. These include 920 confirmed cases, of these 391 were
    laboratory confirmed, 483 epi-linked and 46 clinically compatible.
    In week 18 (week ending 07 May 2017), a total of 1,179 new severe
    acute malnutrition cases were reported in the region. About 1,043 cases
    were managed at the outpatient therapeutic programmes and 136
    cases admitted to the stabilization centres in the region. Between January
    and 07 May 2017, a total of 24,142 severe acute malnutrition cases
    were reported in the region. At least 21,650 of the cases were managed
    at the outpatient therapeutic programmes while 2,492 cases were admitted
    to the stabilization centres.

    Public health actions
    ? WHO continues to reinforce the Regional Command Post in Somali to provide leadership of the implementation of the operational plan.
    ? On the job training on infection prevention and control (IPC) at the treatment centres is being conducted by teams deployed.
    ? The case management team continues to monitor and strengthen the adherence to IPC and other case management protocols.
    ? The Regional Health Bureaus (RHB), with support from UNICEF and other partners, continue to conduct mapping of cases of severe
    acute malnutrition cases in the internally displaced persons (IDPs) sites.
    ? The Somali RHB continues to engage communities and other structures (religious, community, teachers and other leading figures) to
    promote chlorination of water at source, encourage household use of chlorine (aqua tabs/water guards), and promoting early treatment
    seeking behaviour.

    Situation interpretation
    The AWD outbreak situation in Somali region has greatly improved following the upgrading of the event and subsequent scaling up of response
    interventions. Access to safe water has increased to large populations including provisions of other essential health care services.
    Nevertheless, there is still a need to scale up and sustain the control interventions to more populations to avoid resurgence of the disease,
    especially during the ongoing rainy season.
    WHO and all the Partners continue to work with the Federal Ministry of Health and the Regional Health Bureaus (RHBs) to respond to the
    upsurge of AWD cases, as well as on the measles outbreak and the malnutrition situation.
    Twitter: @RonanKelly13
    The views expressed are mine alone and do not represent the views of my employer or any other person or organization.


    • #3

      Diarrhea outbreak affects thousands in Ethiopia's NW region: official
      Source: Xinhua| 2017-08-30 20:35:49|Editor: Song Lifang

      ADDIS ABABA, Aug. 30 (Xinhua) -- Residents of Ethiopia's second largest region, Amhara regional state, have been cautioned by a local health official against an outbreak of Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD).

      Speaking to reporters on Wednesday, Amhara Regional State Health Bureau official Teklehaimanot Gebrehiwot said that more than 3,000 people were infected with the disease over the past four months.

      According to Gebrehiwot, the major reason for the spread of the acute watery diarrhea disease in the region is the consumption of unhygienic food and poor personal hygiene practices, which was exacerbated by the approaching major rainy season...


      • #4

        Diarrhoea outbreak infects 4,500 in Ethiopia
        September 15, 2017

        Addis Ababa ? An Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) outbreak in Ethiopia?s northern regional states of Afar, Amhara and Tigray has infected about 4,500 people over the last four months, Ethiopia Federal Ministry of Health reported.

        Amhara regional state had the highest number of infected people with 3,000, followed by Tigray regional state at 1,200 and Afar regional state at 300...


        • #5

          Diarrhea outbreak infects 127 in Ethiopia's second largest city
          Source: Xinhua| 2017-10-09 18:27:54|Editor: ZD

          ADDIS ABABA, Oct. 9 (Xinhua) -- An Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) disease in Ethiopia's second largest city Dire Dawa, 446 kms east of Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa, has infected 127 people in September, an Ethiopian official said on Monday...

          ...Several major cities in Ethiopia including Addis Ababa, Mekelle and Bahir Dar have recorded AWD outbreaks that infected thousands earlier this year, exacerbated by unsanitary health practices and Ethiopia's rainy season which stretches from Late June until mid-September...