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Niger: 2018 Cholera

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  • Niger: 2018 Cholera




    As of 23 July, 247 cases of cholera, including four deaths, have been registered in the department of Madarounfa, in the southern Maradi region, according to the Ministry of Public Health. The areas of Dan Issa, Gabi, Harounawa, Madeini, Maraka and N’Yelwa are the most affected. A cholera outbreak was declared on 13 July following sample analysis conducted in Niamey. To contain the outbreak, the Ministry of Public Health has positioned medicines, set up six treatment centers and strengthened epidemiological surveillance...

  • #2

    Cholera Kills 13 In Niger: UN
    Sadia Abbas
    ( 4 hours ago Sat 11th August 2018 | 11:42 PM

    Niamey, (UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News, app - 11th Aug, 2018 ) :An outbreak of cholera has killed 13 persons in Niger's southern Maradi region, which is home to the country's economic capital, officials and the UN said on Saturday.

    Nearly 1,000 people, most of them children, have been affected by the outbreak which was first detected just over a month ago, the UN's Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Aid (OCHA) said.

    At least 50 of the cases were detected in Maradi city itself, OCHA said.

    The first three cases were admitted to hospital in N'Yelwa at the beginning of July, with the number growing to 993 cases by August 7, OCHA said. The figure includes the 13 dead...


    • #3

      Niger: Death toll from cholera outbreak rises to 22
      August 16, 2018 Brinkwire
      Outbreak concentrated in southern Maradi region, with over 1,300 cases reported
      By Alaattin Dogru

      DAKAR, Senegal

      The death toll in southern Niger from a cholera outbreak has risen to 22, the Health Ministry said Wednesday.

      According to the ministry, the outbreak has been concentrated in the southern region of Maradi since the beginning of July.

      Nine people have died in the past two days...


      • #4
        Niger - Cholera (DG ECHO, MSP, IFRC, ACAPS, UN)

        • Cholera continues to spread in the region of Maradi. As of 28 August, there are 2 124 cases, including 38 deaths, in three health districts (Madarounfa, Maradi Commune and Guidan Roundji). The number of cases for the time of the year is the highest since 2012.
        • Approximately one out of five cases (18.4%) is emerging from the Nigerian bordering states of Zamafara and Katsina.
        • There is a risk of further spread to Niamey and Tillabéry in view of floods affecting 20 000 people, hampering access to health care facilities.
        • DG ECHO has allocated EUR 150 000 to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies' Disaster Relief Emergency Fund to contribute to the response and is following the situation closely.


        • #5

          Cholera outbreak has killed 55 in Niger — UN
          Thursday, September 13, 2018

          NIAMEY, Niger (AFP) — A cholera outbreak in Niger has killed 55 people and sickened thousands near the country's border with Nigeria since July, the UN has said, warning that the disease "has spread" to new regions.

          The epicentre of the outbreak is the Maradi region of the country, where 98 per cent of cases have been registered, the UN humanitarian agency (OCHA) said in an update on Wednesday.

          As of September 10, it said a total of 55 people had died of cholera, while 2,752 people had been taken ill...


          • #6

            Niger cholera outbreak claims 67 lives
            27th September 2018 Africa, News

            A cholera outbreak in Niger has killed 67 people since July out of thousands of recorded cases, the UN said on Thursday, citing health ministry figures.

            The epicentre is the southern Maradi region, near the border with Nigeria where a separate outbreak has claimed nearly 100 lives, the UN humanitarian agency OCHA said.

            Fifty-five of the deaths were recorded in Maradi, where there were a total of 3 232 cases, it said...


            • #7
              Cholera – Niger

              Disease outbreak news: Update
              5 October 2018

              On 15 July, the outbreak of cholera was officially declared by the Ministry of Public Health of Niger. The first three cases were residents of Nigeria from Jibiya Local Government Area (LGA) in Katsina State on the border with Niger. The cases were all from the same family and reportedly had an onset of symptoms in Jibiya LGA before seeking treatment on 5 July 2018 at a health facility in a bordering town in Niger. Vibrio cholerae serotype O1 Inaba was confirmed in stool samples from all three cases, one of which died within minutes of admission. In addition to these cases, six cases were reported in the following two days from villages in Niger located approximately 4km away from Jibiya LGA. Since then, the outbreak has continuously expanded geographically and in magnitude with peaks of around 400 cases reported in two weeks in August and in early September.
              As of 1 October 2018, 3692 cases (14% of these were cases in Nigerian residents seeking care in Niger) with 68 deaths (case fatality rate = 1.8%) have been reported from twelve health districts in four regions: Dosso, Maradi, Tahoua, and Zinder. Four affected districts (Aguié, Guidam Roumji, Madarounfa, and Maradi commune) in Maradi Region and two affected districts (Birni Koni, and Mabalza) in Tahoua Region are on the border with Nigeria, while Gaya District in Dosso Region is close to the border with both Benin and Nigeria. Overall, 34 cases from four regions have been confirmed for Vibrio cholerae O1 Inaba at the Centre for Medical and Health Research (CERMES) in Niamey: Dosso Region (1), Zinder Region (3), Maradi Region (10) and Tahoua region (20).
              Poor sanitary conditions in the affected areas have been implicated in the spread of the outbreak. Frequent population movement between Niger and neighbouring Katsina State in Nigeria, which is also experiencing an upsurge in cases of cholera, is likely impacting on the outbreak.
              Public health response

              The following public health response sections have been implemented:
                • Multisectoral cholera outbreak coordination structures have been set up at the district, regional and national levels. A regular National Epidemic Management Committee (NEMC) meeting is being held under the leadership of the Ministry of Health (MoH).In addition, WHO is finalizing the WHO action plan to support the MoH.
                • WHO is supporting the deployment of eight epidemiologists to the Maradi and Tahoua regions to support surveillance activities.
                • Surveillance activities are being scaled up with support from WHO and other partners and the daily reporting and line listing of cases have been established.
                • Cholera treatment centres have been put in place by the Ministry of Health with the support of Médecins Sans Frontières, and the Non-governmental Organization (NGO) ALIMA (partnered with the local NGO Bien Être de la Femme et l'Enfant au Niger (BEFEN)). In total, six treatment sites have been set up in the affected districts and initial medical supplies have been dispatched. Niger has laboratory capacity through the national laboratory (CERMES) which confirmed Vibrio cholerae serotype O1 Inaba.
                • Social mobilization and risk communication activities are being scaled-up with support from UNICEF and Niger Red Cross, focusing on hygiene messages.
                • Currently, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) activities are focusing on the distribution of aqua tabs.
              WHO risk assessment

              The current outbreak started in Madarounfa district in Maradi Region, one of the known hotspots for cholera along the Niger – Nigeria border, and has since spread to three geographically dispersed regions, including some of the most affected districts during previous cholera outbreaks. These areas are classified as high-risk areas for the spread of cholera given the presence of local risk factors such as poor hygiene and sanitary conditions coupled with significant population movement and trade between these districts and neighbouring areas in Nigeria. With the ongoing rainy season and the increase in cases in neighbouring Katsina State in Nigeria, the potential for further spread of the disease both within Niger and across the border with Nigeria is high. The population in the capital city Niamey as well as neighbouring Benin are at risk of being affected given the confirmation of cases in the Dosso Region which is a major trading hub on the border with Benin but also links the capital city Niamey. The bridge connecting Niger to Benin across the Niger River close to Gaya town has collapsed on 5 September, which may slow down population movement across this particular border but also forces the population to travel longer distances (possibly through Burkina Faso and Nigeria) to maintain economic and personal links with the other countries in the region.
              The recent upsurge of cholera cases in Borno State in Nigeria also puts the population in Niger’s Diffa Region at risk given porous borders and mass movement in this area.
              The last major cholera outbreak reported in Niger occurred in 2014 and involved more than 2000 cases.
              WHO advice

              WHO recommends proper and timely case management in Cholera Treatment Centres. Improving access to potable water and sanitation infrastructure, and improved hygiene and food safety practices in affected communities, are the most effective means of controlling cholera. Key public health communication messages should be provided.
              WHO advises against any restriction to travel to and trade with the international community based on the information available on the current outbreak.
              For further information, please refer to: