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Cholera Outbreaks - Global

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  • #16
    Re: Cholera Outbreaks


    BANGALORE: Eleven persons with gastroenteritis were admitted to Isolation hospital on Saturday, bringing the number of cases in the past week-and-a-half to 128. But, no cases of cholera have been confirmed.

    C.R. Thyagaraja, Director of Isolation hospital, said the samples of 37 patients, admitted to the hospital over the past two days, had been sent to the Public Health Institute for tests.

    However, preliminary tests done at the hospital indicated that it was not cholera, he said.

    Gastroenteritis is the passage of loose stools more frequently than what is normal for that individual. It is most often caused due to an infection by bacteria such as E. coli and Vibrio cholerae or by certain viruses and parasites such as Giardia. Symptoms of this condition include nausea, vomiting and abdominal cramps. Individuals with the illness are also likely to get dehydrated, which in turn may lead to light-headedness, weakness, confusion, kidney failure and even death.

    Mr. Thyagaraja said the cases of gastroenteritis were not confined to a specific area but were sporadic. Cases were reported from over 20 parts of the city, including Kengeri, Sadanand Nagar, Old Byappanahalli, Akkipet, New Thippasandra and C.V. Raman Nagar.

    He advised people against buying eatables sold by street vendors during the rainy season.

    "After the showers, there is a good chance of water getting infected with bacteria or viruses. It is difficult to find out what water vendors use for cooking," he said. He suggested that people boil the water before drinking it.

    Mr. Thyagaraja said people should wash the vegetables well during this season and also cook them well. Leftover food and that kept in the refrigerator for long should not be consumed, he added.
    Last edited by Theresa42; June 10th, 2006, 11:31 AM.


    • #17
      Re: Cholera Outbreaks


      Malawi records worst cholera outbreak in four years

      LILONGWE, Mar 10, 2006 (Xinhua via COMTEX) -- Malawi has this year recorded the country's worst cholera outbreak since 2002 whereby 46 people have died from the recorded 3,852 cases, a senior government official told Xinhua Friday.

      "Although we have cholera outbreaks every year during the rainy season, this year has been the worst compared to the past four years," said Habib Somanje, director of Preventive Health Services.

      He said Malawi's commercial capital, Blantyre has been the worst hit with 1,035 reported cases and 12 deaths.

      Somanje, however, said this year's cholera affected only five districts of the country's total 28 districts.

      He attributed this year's increased cholera cases to Malawi's hunger crisis that severely affected close to five million people.

      The director said people's personal hygiene has been seriously compromised through people's desperate attempts to find food and survive the hunger.

      Copyright (c) 2006 Comtex News Network
      Received by NewsEdge Insight: 03/10/2006 15:08:03
      Last edited by Theresa42; June 10th, 2006, 11:31 AM.


      • #18
        Re: Rate of Cholera Cases increasing - Angola


        Benguela, 04/06 - At least 52 people died of cholera in Angola`s central Benguela province, since the disease broke out in the region on March 10, out of the 599 cases recorded so far, the health services announced.

        According to a press note delivered to Angop, the most hit districts are Lobito, Benguela and Ganda.

        The source added a drop in cases of cholera has been recorded in the compounds of Gama and Praia Bebe (Benguela), thanks to increasing awareness campaigns and medical assistance.

        Kwanza-Norte: 29 People Die Of Cholera

        Ndalatando, 04/06 - At least 29 people died of cholera until Thursday, out of 490 cases recorded since March 20 in the main hospital of Angola`s northern Kuanza-Norte province, Angop learned.

        Speaking to Angop, the director general of the hospital, Caetano Miguel, said that of the 36 patients that were admitted in the hospital last Wednesday six died.

        He said that cases of cholera are on the rise in the region, adding that 51 patients were admitted on April 04, a figure that rose to 76 the following day.

        I hope the case counts don't go exponential,

        Last edited by Theresa42; June 10th, 2006, 11:43 AM.


        • #19
          Cholera outbreak - Cameroon


          A cholera outbreak in Cameroon's economic capital of Douala has affected more than 200 people, killing five, a hospital official said.
          "At the moment it is only endemic, since we are registering only 16 new cases per week, below the threshold of 25 cases recorded during the 2004 epidemic," Dr Antoine Mouangue told AFP on Thursday.
          Mouangue said four districts of the city, located 250 kilometres (155 miles) west of the administrative capital Yaounde, were affected. Three more cases had occurred in the past few days 100 kilometres to the west, he added. — AFP
          A cholera outbreak in Cameroon's economic capital of Douala has affected more than 200 people, killing five, a hospital official said.
          "At the moment it is only endemic, since we are registering only 16 new cases per week, below the threshold of 25 cases recorded during the 2004 epidemic," Dr Antoine Mouangue told AFP on Thursday.
          Mouangue said four districts of the city, located 250 kilometres (155 miles) west of the administrative capital Yaounde, were affected. Three more cases had occurred in the past few days 100 kilometres to the west, he added. — AFP
          A cholera outbreak in Cameroon's economic capital of Douala has affected more than 200 people, killing five, a hospital official said.
          "At the moment it is only endemic, since we are registering only 16 new cases per week, below the threshold of 25 cases recorded during the 2004 epidemic," Dr Antoine Mouangue told AFP on Thursday.
          Mouangue said four districts of the city, located 250 kilometres (155 miles) west of the administrative capital Yaounde, were affected. Three more cases had occurred in the past few days 100 kilometres to the west, he added. — AFP

          Last edited by Theresa42; June 10th, 2006, 11:47 AM.


          • #20
            Cholera outbreak - refugee camp in Thailand



            Number of people with cholera increase in Htam Him refugee camp

            Banyol Kin
            April 6, 2006

            An international medical organization and camp committees are hardly assisting to decrease the number of people who suffer from cholera in Htam Him refugee camp located in the Ratchaburi Province of Thailand, said a Karen Journalist who visited in the camp recently.

            According to the camp committees and medical workers, they announced that about 13 people in serious cases, 50 people were taken to the hospital and about 370 people suffer from cholera but nobody has died so far.

            “They couldn't have stopping the outbreak yet, the patient numbers are still increasing,” said Keh Blut, a Journalist from Kwekalu Karen Newspaper said.

            The camp committees announced and educated the refugees about the disease from a loud speaker in order to encourage them to drink hot water and not to eat ripe fruits to stop cholera in the camp.

            A week ago just over 40 refugees were suffering, now the number has increased up to 370 people, “In the camp people live in very narrow and crowded places, so it is easy to spread virus one people to another”, said a member of the camp committee.

            Htam Him refugee camp was established in 1997, for refugees who fled from southern part of Burma because of armed conflict and human rights violations. Majority of the refugees are Karen ethnicity and their homes are in various mountain ranges and river banks in Tenasserim Division of Burma. Other ethnic from Burma , Mon and Burman refugees from the UNHCR's ‘Person of Concerns – POC' also have taken refuge in the camp since March 2005.

            According to Karen Refugee Committee in March 2005, about 1, 583 refugee families who live Htam Him camp rely on International Rescue Committee's support for the health care.

            Cholera and Malaria are the main diseases in the camp but it had never been as worse as like now in the past, said the local refugees.
            Last edited by Theresa42; June 10th, 2006, 11:43 AM.


            • #21
              Cholera - Zanzibar - (Indian Ocean)


              Cholera has claimed a fifth victim in the Indian Ocean archipelago of Zanzibar, increasing the fatality to five with 40 people having fallen prey to the epidemic.

              Zanzibar Health Minister Sultan Mohamed Mughery told local reporters on Sunday that the latest victim had died in the Unguja Southern Region.

              The official attributed the spread of the disease to poor sanitation and polluted drinking water in the isles.

              Of the infected, 30 are residents in the Pemba island while the rest are residents in the Unguja island. Pemba and Unguja are the two main islands of the archipelago.

              Cholera, an epidemic disease usually erupting during the rainy season in tropical regions, is a water-born disease whose symptoms include vomiting and diarrhea that can cause death if not properly treated immediately.

              Zanzibar experienced two severe eruptions of cholera in 1978 and 1999 when hundreds of people died of the epidemic.
              Last edited by Theresa42; June 10th, 2006, 11:35 AM.


              • #22
                Cholera - Angola - Benguela: Over 1,400 Cases of Cholera Registered


                Angola: Benguela: Over 1,400 Cases of Cholera Registered
                Angola Press Agency (Luanda)


                Around 132 people died of the cholera disease out of the 1,432 cases recorded in the southwestern Benguela Province since the outbreak in March 10, in this region.
                According to a press communiqué,132 people died in the province in consequence of the cholera epidemics, informing that the Health Provincial Board notified 683 cases in the Catumbela commune, Lobito municipality, with 52 deaths, while in Benguela municipality were registered 507 cases and 61 deaths.
                The press note also says the health services exhort the population to observe elementary preventive measures against the disease, as well as avoid the utilization of bathing-places in some areas.
                Last edited by Theresa42; June 10th, 2006, 11:46 AM.


                • #23
                  Re: Cholera sickens 20,000 Angolans, kills 941


                  <TABLE style="DIRECTION: ltr" width="100%" border=0><TBODY><TR><TD>
                  UNICEF: Cholera Epidemic Worsening in Angola
                  </TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top>By Lisa Schlein
                  13 May 2006
                  </TD><TD vAlign=top align=left></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
                  The United Nations Children's Fund says a cholera epidemic in Angola is worsening and more than a third of the victims are children under the age of five. Official figures put the number of cholera cases at more than 32,000, with nearly 1,200 deaths.
                  Even in the best of times, Angola has one of the highest under-five mortality rates in the world. UNICEF reports malaria kills 23 percent of Angola's children every year, followed by diarrheal diseases, which account for 18 percent of child deaths.
                  UNICEF spokesman Damien Personnaz says the current cholera epidemic is taking an especially heavy toll on children.
                  "UNICEF has done some preliminary estimates that 35 percent of the cholera victims are children below five years old, which means that basically we have a total number of 11,000 cases of cholera among children below five years old in Angola," he said.
                  Personnaz says children are particularly vulnerable to dehydration from diarrhea caused by cholera. He says if it is not treated promptly, they will die within two to three days of getting the disease, whereas, an adult can last four or five days without treatment.
                  The Angola government reports about 500 new cases every day. UNICEF says those numbers are expected to rise during the rainy season. It warns that well over 70,000 people could get infected by then if action to contain the outbreak is not sustained.
                  The epidemic started in February in the capital, Luanda. Cholera is largely due to poor sanitation, a shortage of safe drinking water, bad hygiene and overcrowding. Personnaz says Angola's 27-year-old civil war destroyed the country's water and sanitation facilities. He says few systems have been rebuilt. This has led to the rapid spread of the disease throughout the country.
                  "Now, basically, all the provinces are affected, and it can even cross the borders," he added. "To this extent, we can fear that the border with neighboring DRC, Congo and Zambia can also be a problem. So, we do hope that the disease will be contained by then."
                  UNICEF, the World Health Organization and private aid agencies such as Doctors Without Borders are working together to come to grips with this crisis. They have created special areas to isolate sick people so they don't spread the disease to the general public.
                  The groups are providing antibiotics, distributing oral rehydration salts and water purification tablets. They are also mounting information campaigns to teach people how to prevent cholera and what to do if someone gets the disease.
                  Last edited by Theresa42; June 10th, 2006, 11:33 AM.


                  • #24
                    Re: Cholera sickens 32,000 Angolans, kills 1,200


                    Angola cholera outbreak defies control efforts

                    LUANDA, May 16 (Reuters) - Angola's cholera epidemic appears to have reached a deadly plateau, defying months of work by government and non-governmental organisations to quash the worst outbreak of the disease in more than a decade.
                    New figures released by the World Health Organisation (WHO) on Tuesday put the death toll since mid-February at 1,230 out of a total of 34,418 cases, with 588 new cases and 10 deaths reported in the last 24 hours alone.
                    Health experts said the outbreak was logging new victims at a steady -- if high -- rate, a signal the epidemic was still working its way through the vast southwest African nation, thanks in large part to a massive road construction programme that has made it easier for people, and the disease, to travel.
                    "There is a plateau for sure -- (but) this is stable," WHO analysts Jordi Sacristan told Reuters.
                    Officials say heavy rains have combined with Angola's multi-billion-dollar infrastructure improvement programme to create fertile ground for a cholera epidemic as travel routes reopen after the end of the country's civil war in 2002.
                    "Many people fled to Luanda (from rural regions) during the war looking for security. They created slums where the disease spreads fast. We need information, sanitation and education to reorganise," Angola deputy health minister Jose Van Dunem said.
                    "There's not enough drinking water in either quality or quantity," Van Dunem said.
                    Health workers said heavy rains had left large, stagnant puddles across Angola's many slums, increasing the danger of a disease which spreads primarily through overcrowding and poor hygiene.
                    Last edited by Theresa42; June 10th, 2006, 11:33 AM.


                    • #25
                      Re: Cholera sickens 32,000 Angolans, kills 1,200


                      GENEVA, May 18 (Reuters) - A cholera epidemic in Angola is spreading rapidly, with 546 new cases including 31 deaths reported in the last 24 hours, the World Health Organisation (WHO) said on Thursday.

                      The epidemic, which has killed nearly 1,300 people in three months, is infecting an average of about 600 people each day, about half of the cases reported in the capital Luanda, it said.

                      "In the last 24 hours, 546 new cases including 31 deaths have been reported," the United Nations agency said in an update on its site which put the known death toll at 1,298.

                      The water-borne disease, which erupted in mid-February, has been found in 11 of 18 provinces of the country, emerging from decades of civil war which devastated water and sanitation systems, the WHO said.

                      Claire-Lise Chaignat, WHO's global cholera coordinator, told Reuters: "It is huge outbreak.

                      "But in certain provinces, in Luanda for example, we have the feeling that the first peak is behind us, there has been a decline in the number of cases," she said.

                      This was due to less rain, which spreads the disease, according to the Swiss expert. "But that doesn't mean it won't peak again," she added.
                      Cholera, an acute intestinal infection spread by contaminated water or food, causes vomiting and acute diarrhoea that can lead to dehydration and death within 24 hours if not treated swiftly with antibiotics and oral rehydration salts.

                      "With cholera you have to react very quickly, you can't wait two days for treatment, you will be dead by then. If you have to walk two days to a health care facility, with vomiting and watery diarrhoea, you probably can't make it," Chaignat said.

                      As the disease had not appeared in Angola for years, the population has only partial immunity, leaving people much more vulnerable, the expert said.

                      Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) charged on Wednesday that Angola -- sub-Saharan Africa's second largest oil producer behind Nigeria -- had responded slowly to the epidemic and should spend more of its wealth on saving victims' lives.

                      The medical charity also said that deaths from cholera were probably two to three times more than the reported toll.
                      Last edited by Theresa42; June 10th, 2006, 11:34 AM.


                      • #26
                        Re: Cholera sickens 32,000 Angolans, kills 1,200


                        It is interesting that Angola has not announced any Bird Flu.

                        What is also concerning is that in 1918 the Spanish Flu presented like Cholera.

                        While I am not saying this outbreak is Bird Flu, it does open the possiblity that H5N1 cases could be intermixed with the Cholera outbreak and they would never been seen.

                        There is evidence that the Spanish Flu did have hemorrhagic symptoms.
                        Vickie Menear, MD and homeopath, was doing some research on Flu for her
                        class at Hahnemann Homeopathic College, Albany, California, when she ran
                        into a great deal of literature that supports this possibility. I called
                        her and she said that if you had questions, she'd be happy too answer them.
                        Again, Email me and I'll give you her phone number.
                        In the meantime, let me quote some of her source material. If you
                        are interested in following up this new "lead" on the Spanish Flu epidemic,
                        this is a good place to start. Here are the references:

                        1. THE PLAGUE OF THE SPANISH LADY: The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
                        by Richard Collier, Atheneum Publishing, New York, 1974


                        Page 7:
                        "It began, undramatically, after a two-day incubation period, with a cough.
                        Next there was pain--behind the eyes, in the ears, in the lumbar region.
                        Soon a drowsy numbness invaded the body, and fervor set in; often the
                        temperature soared to 104 degrees F. The pulse was thready and unstable;
                        the victim's tongue was thickly coated...every mortal fiber ached
                        indescribably--the throat, the head, the naso-pharynx.."

                        Page 35:
                        "But which disease? All over the world, doctors were noting symptoms so at
                        variance with the spring epidemic --and with any known form of influenza
                        --that it might have been an unknown sickness...that each time a man so
                        much as stirred on his pillow, serous fluid poured from his mouth and
                        nostrils...a burning pain above the diaphragm...the frontal headache that
                        recalled Typhoid fever...painfully congested conjunctivae...coated tongues
                        with bright red tips...another maverick symptoms: what doctors term 'silent
                        lungs', an absence of breath so total he was convinced his stethoscope had
                        given out."

                        Page 37:
                        " after case of leucopenia--a kind of leukaemia in reverse, where
                        the white corpuscles of the blood are strangely reduced in numbers...lost
                        her sight within six days...gangrene of the sexual organs...afflicted by
                        diarrhoea so intense he endured twenty movements a day....On one factor, at
                        least, all doctors were agreed: only in Cholera did the collapse come so
                        suddenly that most victims could fix the precise moment when they fell...
                        man staggering home at a run, handkerchief clapped to a bleeding nose--but
                        most often this killer-virus struck like a lightning-bolt."

                        Page 69:
                        "One moment she could see her face, mirrored opaquely in a bowl of water
                        that her mother held (she was having Epistaxis, nosebleed while in the
                        throes of the Spanish Flu). Next instant it had vanished, blotted from
                        view by the blood pouring from her mouth and nose....Dr. Hennewig arrived.
                        His verdict..."I have seen many such cases -- without the haemorrhage she
                        would not have recovered."

                        Page 69:
                        "Later, Germany's Public Health Administration was to report that in many
                        areas Epistaxis affected up to HALF of all influenza victims--often as much
                        as a pint of blood at a time."

                        Page 69:
                        "Major Charles Mix, of the Army Medical Corps, saw a greater significance.
                        Among doughboys at Camp Mills, New York, Mix noted interference with the
                        passage of blood from the heart's right ventricle to the lungs caused
                        enough damming back of venous blood 'to make possible nasal haemorrhage on
                        the slightest occasion'. Many were even then cyanotic, and some, despite
                        this haemorrhage, developed pneumonia..."

                        Page 220-221:
                        "....why should the sickness affect so many organs of the body normally
                        untouched?...most often the disease resembled encephalitis, with the
                        patient lapsing into a coma...a dilation of the heart but even of fatty
                        degeneration...a cough so intense that it ruptured the muscles of a
                        soldier's rectum...retention of urine...puffy faces and swollen ankles of
                        acute nephritis...the lungs were the organs most vitally affected...a
                        patient's face so contorted in death that even close friends couldn't
                        recognize him...and autopsy surgeons were encountering what one doctor
                        termed 'a pathological nightmare'; lungs up to six times their normal
                        weight, looking 'like melted red currant jelly.'"

                        2. EPIDEMIC AND PEACE, 1918 by Alfred W. Crosby, Jr., Greenwood Press,
                        Westport, CT, London, England

                        Page 4:
                        "The Surgeon General's office dispatched Colonel Welch to Devens (Army
                        base)...included in that group Colonel Victor C. Vaughan, ex-president of
                        the American Medical Association; Rufus Cole of the Rockefeller Institute;
                        and Simeon Walbach of the Harvard Medical School....(p.7)...Welch and his
                        colleagues...glanced in at the wards with their lines of cots and
                        prostrated soldiers, whose linens were often stained with bloody sputum and
                        the sudden nosebleeds that were symptoms of the Spanish Influenza..."

                        Page 7:
                        "In the open chest of a cadaver Welch saw the blue, swollen lungs of a
                        Spanish Influenza...Cause of death? That at least was clear: what in a
                        healthy man are the lightest parts of his body, the lungs, were in this
                        cadaver two sacks filled with a thin, bloody, frothy fluid.....The lungs of
                        those who died quickly, sometimes only 48 hours after the first ache and
                        cough, were such as he had never seen before...Their most conspicuous
                        feature was the enormous quantity of thin, bloody fluid. It oozed out of
                        their lungs sectioned for examination, and in the large air passages
                        leading to the throat it mixed with air in a bloody froth. As rigor mortis
                        set in, the fluid often poured from the nose and stained the body

                        Page 8:
                        "If there was anyone at Devens (the Army base) who could be depended upon
                        as a pillar of strength, it was this safe of Johns Hopkins. But when he
                        saw the wet lungs of influenza pneumonia in the fall of 1918, the pillar
                        trembled. "This must be some new kind of infection...or plague."

                        Dr. Menear has a list of other books and articles supporting the
                        hemorrhagic symptoms of the Spanish Flu. Should you want the list
                        published here, on OUTBREAK, I'll be happy to call her and get it sent to
                        you. She also has information on Crotalus Horridus being utilized as a
                        remedy during the pandemic.
                        I can only note that the symptoms of the 1918 "influenza" and the
                        Ebola of 1995, have marked similarities .
                        My percentages of homeopathic remedies used versus traditional
                        medicine (drugs) during 1918 influenza come from an article that appeared
                        in Homeopathy Today, January, 1990. It was the following and I'll quote:

                        "Dean W.A. Pearson of Philadelphia (Hahnemann College) collected 26,795
                        cases of (1918) influenza treated by homeopathic physicians with a
                        mortality rate of 1.05 percent while the average old school (traditional
                        medicine/drugs) mortality was 30 percent."

                        I'd like to credit Julian Winston, New Zealand, one of our foremost
                        homeopathic archives experts, and
              , in which this
                        article appeared.
                        This article was originally published by the Journal of the
                        American Institute for Homeopathy, May, 1921 and I'd like to share the
                        entire article and you can draw your own conclusions. This article was a
                        culling of information after the Spanish Flu epidemic had occurred. In it,
                        you will find mentioned other remedies, other than Crotalus Horridus, that
                        were used to save lives--Gelsemium, Eupatorium Perfoliatum, and Bryonia.
                        Unfortunately, I wasn't given the space at this website to share this
                        information with you before this.
                        Last edited by Theresa42; June 10th, 2006, 11:34 AM.


                        • #27
                          Re: Cholera - Zanzibar - (Indian Ocean)


                          Hi, would you let me know the status of the cholera outbreak in Zanzibar. i expect to be there on 20th June. Thanks!
                          Last edited by Theresa42; June 10th, 2006, 11:36 AM.


                          • #28
                            Re: Cholera sickens 32,000 Angolans, kills 1,200


                            LISBON, Portugal (AP) - An outbreak of cholera has killed 1,576 people since February, the World Health Organization said Wednesday. As of May 31, the African country had reported a total of 41,475 cases in 13 of its 18 provinces.
                            The overall fatality rate stood at 3.8 percent, far above the 1 percent the WHO considers average. Although current trends showed a decline in most provinces, a daily incidence of around 250-300 cases was still being reported, it said.

                            Cholera is transmitted through contaminated water and is linked to poor hygiene, overcrowding and inadequate sanitation. It can be treated easily, but is a major killer in developing countries.
                            Angola's public infrastructure, including health care, crumbled during a two-decade civil war that ended in 2002.
                            About a quarter of the 4 million people in Luanda, the capital, live in shantytowns.
                            Last edited by Theresa42; June 10th, 2006, 11:34 AM.


                            • #29
                              Re: Cholera Outbreaks - Global

                              Source: Government of Angola
                              Date: 11 Nov 2006

                              <!--toolbar--><!--firstLine-->Huíla: Lubango, Quipungo register 62 new cholera cases

                              <!--docTitle--><!--Attention ligne utilisée pour l'impression-->
                              <!--Attention ligne utilisée pour l'impression-->
                              Lubango, 11/11 - At least sixty two new cholera cases were registered in the last 24 hours by Hu¡la health authorities, in Lubango and Quipungo municipalities, killing one person.
                              The fact was revealed to ANGOP by the acting public health department chief, F`lix Janu rio, adding that from these cases, 61 occurred in Lubango, killing one person and one case in Quipungo district without claiming any live.
                              According to F`lix Janu rio, currently 102 patients are hospitalised in "Doutor Agostinho Neto" Central Hospital, while other 106 were discharged on the same period. Since the start of cholera outbreak in April, a total of 1,891 cases were registered, thus claiming 122 lives.


                              • #30
                                Re: Cholera Outbreaks - Global

                                <TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=4 width=480 border=0><TBODY><TR><TD class=headline1 colSpan=2>KCC seeks WHO help on cholera</TD></TR><TR><TD>Friday, 24th November, 2006</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
                                By Florence Nakaayi and Tony Barigye

                                Sixty-eight cholera cases have been reported in Kampala.
                                One death was reported by the city medical officer on Thursday.
                                Reports from Makindye Division indicate that three other people also died.

                                The out break of the epidemic has forced city authorities to seek the intervention of the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the Red Cross.

                                The worsening situation has also prompted medical facilitators to put in place contingency plans to contain the situation.

                                Mulago Hospital has reserved Ward 4A for cholera patients.
                                KCC has also closed the maternity ward at Kawaala Health Centre to accommodate the victims.

                                The most affected areas are Kisenyi in Kampala Central Division, Kawempe Division, Makindye I, Katwe I, Katwe II, Bukasa and Salaama in Makindye Division.

                                The district director of health services, Mesarch Mubiru, said a cholera camp would be opened at Mulago Hospital for all patients to be at one treatment centre.

                                “The UNICEF and the Red Cross have assisted us with four tents and an ambulance respectively,” he said, adding, “We still need more money for logistics and the medial team.

                                He said cholera cases were bound to increase due to the rain season.

                                Mubiru urged residents to improve on their hygiene.

                                When The New Vision visited Mulago Hospital yesterday, Ward4A was filled with dehydrated and underweight patients.

                                No other persons were allowed to get closer to the patients apart from the health workers.