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UN ESCAP: New statistical yearbook for Asia-Pacific: Communicable and non-communicable diseases threatening health

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  • UN ESCAP: New statistical yearbook for Asia-Pacific: Communicable and non-communicable diseases threatening health

    UN ESCAP: NEW STATISTICAL YEARBOOK FOR ASIA-PACIFIC: KEY TRENDS IN EMPLOYMENT, PUBLIC HEALTH, RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (MaximsNewsNetwork)

    Communicable and non-communicable diseases threatening health

    In about one-third of countries in the Asia-Pacific region more than 40 per cent of deaths are due to communicable diseases, including malaria, tuberculosis, measles and cholera.

    In Afghanistan that proportion is 77 percent, in Tajikistan it is 72 percent, and in Cambodia, 67 percent.

    However in one-fifth of countries, most deaths are due to the non-communicable diseases - cardiovascular diseases, cancers, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases - in China (59 per cent), Russian Federation (62 per cent), Japan (76 per cent), and New Zealand (77 per cent).

    Smoking is one of the common causes of non-communicable diseases in the region.

    The average smoking prevalence for females is only around 6 per cent but for males it is much higher; in East and North and South-East Asia more than over half of all men smoke and in South and South-West Asia one-third of the men smoke.

    More than 20 per cent of adolescents aged 13 -15 are smokers in Georgia, Islamic Republic of Iran, Malaysia, Russian Federation, Philippines and Timor-Leste.

    In Pacific countries such as Papua New Guinea almost half of those in the same age range smoke followed by, in the Federated States of Micronesia (46 per cent), and in Tuvalu (36 per cent).

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