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Egypt - Human H5N1 Confirmed / Suspected - December 15, 2008 to February 7, 2009

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  • Francoise Ramona
    replied
    Re: Egypt - Human - H5N1 Confirmed / Suspected - December 15, 2008 +

    Avian influenza - situation in Egypt - update 2

    26 January 2009 -- The Ministry of Health and Population of Egypt has announced a new human case of avian influenza A(H5N1) virus infection. The case is a 2-year-old female from Manofia Governorate, Shebin Elkom District. Her symptoms began on 23 January and she was immediately hospitalized. She remains in a stable condition. Infection with the H5N1 avian influenza virus was confirmed by the Egyptian Central Public Health Laboratory.
    Investigations into the source of her infection indicate a recent history of contact with sick and dead poultry.
    Of the 53 cases confirmed to date in Egypt, 23 have been fatal.



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  • Gert van der Hoek
    replied
    Re: Egypt - Human - H5N1 Confirmed / Suspected - December 15, 2008 +

    Egypt says girl contracts bird flu

    25 Jan 2009

    Source: Reuters

    CAIRO, Jan 25 (Reuters) - A two-year-old Egyptian girl has been infected with the bird flu virus, becoming the country's 53rd case of bird flu in humans, state news agency MENA said on Sunday.

    MENA cited a health ministry spokesman as the girl, Sherouk Mohammad Said of Menoufia province, contracted the virus through exposure to household poultry, some of which died of the disease.

    The spokesman said Said began suffering flu-like symptoms on Friday and was hospitalised the same day. She has been treated with the antiviral drug Tamiflu and is in a stable condition, according to MENA.

    Of the 53 human cases in Egypt over almost three years, 23 have died, but the number of cases seems to be diminishing. Said was Egypt's third human case of the disease this winter season.

    Since the first case in 2003 there have been 252 human deaths globally from the H5N1 strain of bird flu and at least 399 confirmed cases of infection. Egypt has had more cases than any country outside Asia.

    Thomson Reuters empowers professionals with cutting-edge technology solutions informed by industry-leading content and expertise.

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  • Shiloh
    replied
    Re: Egypt - Human - H5N1 Confirmed / Suspected - December 15, 2008 +

    Source: http://www.rian.ru/world/20090125/160074565.html

    Google translation:
    A two-year-old girl contracted bird flu in Egypt

    CAIRO, Jan 25 - RIA Novosti, Nadim Zuaui. New cases of human avian flu reported in Egypt, said an official of the Ministry of Health Abdel Rahman Shahin.

    The dangerous strain of H5N1 virus detected in a two-year girl Shuruk Said, who lives in the province of Al-Manufiya in the Nile Delta. The cause of contamination, as in most such cases, was the poultry.

    At present, the child is being treated to special drug. Her condition is evaluated by doctors as stable.

    Avian flu first appeared in Egypt in 2006. Since then the country has recorded 53 cases of human infection with the virus, 23 patients died.


    The authorities are actively campaign for the prevention of the virus.

    At an international conference to combat avian influenza, which took place in October 2008 in the Egyptian city of Sharm el-Sheikh, Egyptian Health Minister Hatem al-Gabala said that in the next three years developing and poor countries to fight avian influenza will require 2.2 billion dollars.

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  • Gert van der Hoek
    replied
    Re: Egypt - Human - H5N1 Confirmed / Suspected - December 15, 2008 +

    Egyptian boy infected with bird flu

    2009-01-25 21:28:03 -

    CAIRO, Egypt (AP) - A spokesman for Egypt's Health Ministry says a 2-year-old child is Egypt's 53rd case of bird flu since the H5N1 virus appeared in the North African country in 2006.

    Shurouq Mohammed Said, from the northern province of Menoufiya, was admitted to the hospital Friday with elevated temperature and sore throat and
    was immediately treated with the anti-flu drug Tamiflu
    , says spokesman Dr. Abdel Rahman Shahine.

    Said is in stable condition, he told the state news agency Sunday.

    Like most of Egypt's victims of the disease, Said was in regular contact with domestic fowl.

    Egypt has had the highest number of human cases after Indonesia and Vietnam. On Dec. 16, a teenager was the 23rd death in the country from bird flu since March 2006.

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  • sharon sanders
    replied
    Re: Egypt - Human - H5N1 Confirmed / Suspected - December 15, 2008 +

    .
    والأنفلونزا ضربت شيرين
    Influenza hit and Shirin

    كتب- عبدالغفار العيسوي:
    BOOKS - Abdulghaffar Al:
    احتجز مستشفي حميات أشمون شيرين حسن غنيم "34 عاما" ربة منزل مقيمة بناحية سمادون بأشمون للاشتباه في اصابتها بفيروس انفلونزا الطيور.

    Detained hospital fevers Echmoun Shirin Hassan Ghneim "34 years" housewife Smadun Bohmon resident district on suspicion of bird flu.
    كانت شيرين تعاني ارتفاعًا في درجة الحرارة ورشحًا وكحة والتهابًا بالحلق وآلامًا بالمفاصل.

    Shirin has been experiencing a rise in temperature, cough and runny and throat inflammation and pain joints.
    أشارت د.
    D noted.
    هناء سرور وكيل مديرية الصحة بالمنوفية إلي أنه تم أخذ عينة دم لتحليلها بالمعامل المركزية بوزارة الصحة.

    Hana pleased Menoufia Under the Directorate of Health had been taking blood samples for analysis labs, the central Ministry of Health.


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  • Sally Furniss
    replied
    Re: Egypt - Human - H5N1 Confirmed / Suspected - December 15, 2008 +

    Al: 1.3 billion birds immunized against influenza .. The danger in March and April

    Day wrote Abduljawad 1-21-2009

    The Higher Committee to combat bird flu meeting yesterday, to follow up the national plan to combat the disease, preventive action, and for monthly monitoring of suspected cases of human, the hotbeds of the disease on local and global levels.

    The meeting was held, headed by Major General Abdel Salam Mahgoub, Minister of Local Development, and the presence of the ministers of health, agriculture and the environment, and the governors of Cairo and October 6, Qalubia, eastern, Dakahlia, Monoufia, and Fayoum, and the West, and Beni Suef, and representatives from the ministries of defense and interior, and the President of the Service.

    The governor was to take all necessary measures to cope with the disease since it broke out in February 2006, explaining that the vaccines were provided free of charge to domestic birds, and paid a symbolic farm to control the disease and prevent its spread,

    He pointed out that vaccination of about 1.1 billion birds in the farms, and about 220 million birds rural education through national campaigns, and the processing of 61.2 million doses of vaccine.

    The governor pointed to the recovery of human infection near the No. 52 for the girl child the names of Mohammad Saleh Ismail ?21 months?, which entered the hospital admitted Imbaba.

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  • sharon sanders
    replied
    Re: Egypt - Human - H5N1 Confirmed / Suspected - December 15, 2008 +

    hat tip Lisa Schnirring at CIDRAP -

    • RECENT CASES:
    • Date of report: 12 January 2009
    • Governorate: Sixth of October
    • District: Kerdasa (urban area located in western Giza; population 460,000)
    • Village: Kafr Abu Hegazi (Saad Zaghloul Street near Abu Hegazi mosque)
    • Event summary: Female infant, 21 months old, began experiencing symptoms January 9 evening. The family kept unvaccinated poultry that had become sick and died in the previous week. Infant was taken to hospital January 10. AI was suspected on Jan. 11; patient isolated; tests taken. Results on January 12 showed AI; patient was given Tamiflu and transferred. Specimens from mother and other contacts tested negative. The child was reported in good, stable condition Jan. 14.
      • This was Egypt's 52st human infection.
      • For Sixth of October Governorate, it was the fourth suspected human infection but the first to be confirmed positive. For Kerdasa district, it was the first suspected human case.

    • Medical response: The infant around 8 p.m. January 9 began experiencing symptoms of fever, high temperature (41 C), cough, nasal discharge, vomiting, rapid breathing. Family sought medical care at Imbaba Fever Hospital on January 10.
      • On January 11, case suspected as AI; patient isolated; specimen taken; Tamiflu administered at 1 p.m. Lab test of specimen returned positive for H5N1 virus on January 12; results by Central Public Health Laboratory (CPHL) and NAMRU-III. Case was referred to Manshiet el Bakry Hospital, Cairo.
      • Specimens (blood samples and throat swabs) were taken at Imbaba Fever Hospital from mother and others who had contact with poultry; contacts were kept under supervision at home by Kerdasa Hospital health team. Negative results were found from specimen tests by CPHL.

    • Condition of the home: The family had raised poultry at home that were unvaccinated. Last quantity was 150 chickens, 22 ducks, and 8 geese.
      • The mother said some poultry began dying about a week before the child became sick. During the week, the mother and her family slaughtered the remaining poultry that were sick: 70 chicken and 6 geese. They kept some live ducks and sold some ducks in the local market. They discarded many of the dead poultry in the garbage and around an irrigation canal.
      • Samples from poultry and from slaughtered birds stored in the house refrigerators were tested by MALR's National Laboratory for Veterinary Quality Control on Poultry Production (NLQP); all were found positive for H5N1 virus. Samples were also taken from a neighbor's house located across a small street and were found positive. See related report.

    • Findings of the Ministry of Health and Population's Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance (ESU): Mother's awareness and notification of dead poultry helped in early diagnosis and administering of Tamiflu (around 36 hours after the onset of the disease).


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  • Laidback Al
    replied
    Re: Egypt - Human - H5N1 Confirmed / Suspected - December 15, 2008 +

    Thanks Dutchy.

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  • HenryN
    replied
    Re: Egypt - Human - H5N1 Confirmed / Suspected - December 15, 2008 +

    Egyptian baby contracts bird flu--WHO



    Agence France-Presse
    First Posted 20:44:00 01/15/2009

    Filed Under: Health, Diseases


    GENEVA?An Egyptian toddler has contracted bird flu, the 52nd case to be reported in the country, the World Health Organization said on its website Thursday.
    Most of the victims have been young girls or women, who are generally charged with looking after poultry in the countryside, and 23 have died of the disease.
    The UN agency, quoting the Egyptian health ministry, said the latest victim was a 22-month-old girl, from Kerdasa district in Sixth of October governorate in northern Egypt, who fell ill on January 9 and was hospitalized the following day.
    "Investigations into the source of her infection indicate a recent history of contact with sick and dead poultry," the WHO said, adding that her condition was stable.
    A 16-year-old Egyptian girl from a village near the central city of Assiut, who died in mid-December, was the most recent fatal case. Egypt has the highest death toll from bird flu outside Asia.
    The H5N1 strain of the virus that is most dangerous to humans first emerged in Asia in 2003 and has since caused nearly 250 deaths, according to WHO figures.
    Scientists fear that a mutation of the bird flu virus resulting in a strain easily transmitted among humans could create a pandemic, potentially affecting up to one-fifth of the world's population.

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  • Gert van der Hoek
    replied
    Re: Egypt - Human - H5N1 Confirmed / Suspected - December 15, 2008 +

    The 29 Egyptian governorates can be found here:




    6th october governorate

    Click image for larger version

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  • HenryN
    replied
    Re: Egypt - Human - H5N1 Confirmed / Suspected - December 15, 2008 +

    Originally posted by Laidback Al View Post
    The current confirmed human case from Kirdasah is located within the 6th October Governorate. This governorate along with Helwan Governorate were created in 2008 from the rural districts surrouding Giza and Cairo as noted in the article below. I was not able to find any exact boundaries for either of these two new governorates. There are now 28 governorates within Egypt.

    http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2008/894/eg6.htm
    The location is on Google maps

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  • Laidback Al
    replied
    Re: Egypt - Human - H5N1 Confirmed / Suspected - December 15, 2008 +

    The current confirmed human case from Kirdasah is located within the 6th October Governorate. This governorate along with Helwan Governorate were created in 2008 from the rural districts surrouding Giza and Cairo as noted in the article below. I was not able to find any exact boundaries for either of these two new governorates. There are now 28 governorates within Egypt.

    On 17 April [2008] two new governorates, Helwan and the Sixth of October, were created by presidential decree, bringing the total to 28. The move eases the burden placed on Cairo and Giza, Egypt's most densely populated governorates, by effectively stripping them of their outlying districts. Fathi Saad leaves his current post as governor of Giza to take over at Sixth of October while Mohamed El-Quwedi has been appointed governor of Helwan.
    The restructuring provoked clashes between local residents and security forces in Al-Wahat Al-Bahariya, which lies 300km from Sixth of October, over the decision to place the oasis under the jurisdiction of Minya governorate and not Sixth of October. Protesters threatened to close down local mines in the oasis in an attempt to pressure the government to rescind the decree. Anti-riot police used tear gas against 2,000 demonstrators who set light to tires and more than 20 people were detained. Bahariya residents were disappointed as the presidential decree has "moved" them from Giza governorate to its southern neighbour, Minya, 240km south of Cairo. The changes meant they would have to travel up to 600km to access government and administrative services in Minya governorate, instead of the 300km to Sixth of October City.
    After an emergency meeting at the National Democratic Party's (NDP) General Secretariat, the presidential decree was subsequently amended. Minister of Housing and Urban Communities Ahmed El-Maghrabi declared after the meeting that Al-Wahat Al-Bahariya and Ayyat, which had been affiliated to Fayoum, would come under the jurisdiction of Sixth of October. The decree also placed Atfih and Al-Saff, which used to belong to the Giza governorate, under Helwan.
    "The final borders of Helwan, Fayoum, Beni Sweif, Minya and Sixth of October governorates will be fixed by the beginning of May by the ministries of housing and urban communities, agriculture and land reclamation and other concerned authorities," announced Mohamed El-Demerdash, assistant to the minister of housing.
    The Helwan governorate will include Maadi, Helwan, 15th May City, New Cairo, Haikstep, Badr and Al-Shorouk cities. The Sixth of October governorate will include Sixth of October City, Al-Wahat Al-Bahariya and extend across Wadi Al-Natrun to the borders with Marsa Matrouh.
    http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2008/894/eg6.htm

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  • Giuseppe
    replied
    Re: Egypt - Human - H5N1 Confirmed / Suspected - December 15, 2008 +

    WHO | Avian influenza - situation in Egypt - update (1/14/2009)
    Avian influenza - situation in Egypt - update

    14 January 2009 --

    The Ministry of Health and Population of Egypt has announced a new human case of avian influenza A(H5N1) virus infection.


    The case is a 21-months old female from 6th October Governorate, Kerdasa District whose symptoms began on 9 January 2009.She was initially hospitalized on 10 January and is currently in a stable condition.

    Infection with the H5N1 avian influenza virus was diagnosed by PCR at the Egyptian Central Public Health Laboratory and subsequently confirmed by the US Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3 (NAMRU-3) laboratories.

    Investigations into the source of her infection indicate a recent history of contact with sick and dead poultry.

    Of the 52 cases confirmed to date in Egypt, 23 have been fatal.
    -
    <cite cite="http://www.who.int/csr/don/2009_01_14a/en/index.html">WHO | Avian influenza - situation in Egypt - update</cite>

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  • sharon sanders
    replied
    Re: Egypt - Human - H5N1 Confirmed / Suspected - December 15, 2008 +

    The stability of the health situation of the girl child infected with bird flu



    Sana Mustafa wrote *: ‬ stabilized the situation of the affected No. * ‬ 52 * ‬ Bannaglonza of bird names for the girl child from the town of Muhammad Salah Krdasp of the province, the sixth of October, which is * ‬ * ‬ hospital treatment of the Tamiflu drug *. ‬ had been infected with bird flu, the result of exposure to dead chickens in her home * ‬ *. ‬كما قامت ادارة الطب الوقائي* ‬بالوز

    ارة*. ‬ and Preventive Medicine Department of the Ministry * ‬ *. ‬وأكد الدكتور حاتم ا

    لجبلي* ‬وزير الصحة باجراء مسح لعينات من حلق أم الطفلة المصابة للتأكد من اصابتها بالفيروس من عدمه*.‬ وجاءت نتائج التحاليل لباقي* ‬اسرة الطفلة سلبية خالية من انفلونزا الطيور*. ‬,

    Dr. Hatem el-Gabali * ‬ Minister of Health survey samples of the patient or hours to make sure whether or not infected with the virus *. ‬ The results of tests for the rest of the family of the girl child * ‬ negative free of bird flu


    *. ‬صرح الدكتور عبدالرحمن شاهين المتحدث الرسمي* ‬للوزارة بان عدد الاصابات* ‬يفيروس انفلونزا الطيور منذ ظهور المرض بالبلاد بلغت* ‬52* ‬حالة توفي* ‬منهم* ‬23* ‬حالة بسبب عدم سرعة الابلاغ* ‬عن الإصابة بالفيروس في* ‬وقت حدوثها*.‬ كما تقرر استمرار توفير عقار التاميفلو في* ‬جميع مستشفيات الحميات والامراض الصدرية ومراكز الرعاية الصحية الاولية لسرعة اسعاف الحالات المصابة وعدم تدهور المريض*.‬ كما تقرر تطعيم جميع الطيور ضد فيروس الانفلونزا من خلال مديريات الشئون البيطرية بالمحافظات،* ‬وتقوم ادارة الطب الوقائي* ‬بتنظيم حملات علي* ‬المنازل بالقري* ‬في* ‬المحافظات والمناطق النائية والعشوائية بالاشتراك مع ادارات الحكم المحلي* ‬لإزالة العشش واماكن تربية الطيور القريبة من منازل المواطنين*.‬ ‬,

    said Dr. Abdel Rahman Shahin, spokesman for the Ministry of * ‬ that the number of casualties * ‬ Iveros emergence of bird flu since the disease hit the country's * ‬ 52 * ‬ case of them died * ‬ * ‬ 23 * ‬ the case because of the lack of prompt reporting * ‬ on HIV * ‬ in real time *. ‬ also decided to maintain the provision of Tamiflu, a drug in all hospitals * ‬ fever, respiratory infections and primary health care centers to speed aid and non-infected cases, the deterioration of the patient *. ‬ also decided to vaccinate all poultry against the influenza virus by veterinary departments in governorates, * ‬ The Department of Preventive Medicine * ‬ organizing campaigns * ‬ * ‬ houses in the villages * ‬ provinces and remote areas and slums in partnership with local government departments * ‬ to remove the nests and breeding places of birds close to the homes of citizens *.


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  • Giuseppe
    replied
    Re: Egypt - Human - H5N1 Confirmed / Suspected - December 15, 2008 +

    CIDRAP >> Egyptian child has H5N1 infection
    Egyptian child has H5N1 infection

    Lisa Schnirring * Staff Writer
    Jan 13, 2009 (CIDRAP News) ?

    A 21-month-old Egyptian girl has been hospitalized with an H5N1 avian influenza infection, the country's health ministry said yesterday.


    The World Health Organization (WHO), in a statement posted yesterday on the Web site of its eastern Mediterranean office, said the girl's symptoms started on Jan 9 and she was admitted the next day to Imbaba Fever Hospital with fever, cough, vomiting, diarrhea, and rapid respiration. Her illness is listed as Egypt's 52nd H5N1 case.

    The patient is from Kerdasa district, in 6th of October governorate on the western outskirts of Cairo. Her medical team immediately suspected avian influenza and treated the girl with oseltamivir (Tamiflu), 40 hours after the onset of her symptoms, according to the WHO report.

    An investigation into the source of the girl's infection suggests that she had close contact with sick and dead poultry before she got sick, the WHO reported. The girl is recovering and is in good health.

    Egypt reported its last human H5N1 case about 5 weeks ago, in a 16-year-old girl from Asyut governorate who died on Dec 15 after exposure to sick and dead poultry in her household, according to previous reports. The WHO listed the girl as Egypt's 51st case and its 23rd death.

    Meanwhile, veterinary authorities in Egypt recently reported avian influenza outbreaks among backyard birds in two governorates, according to recent updates that appeared on the Egypt-based Strengthening Avian Influenza Detection and Response (SAIDR) Web site. SAIDR, a project funded by the US Agency for International Development with assistance from Johns Hopkins University, is designed to help Egypt coordinate avian flu efforts with its international partners.

    One of the outbreaks, reported Dec 31, occurred in Fayoum governorate in central Egypt, where the virus struck 36 birds, including chickens, geese, and ducks that had been vaccinated in August 2008. The other outbreak, reported on Jan 9, occurred in Menofia governorate in northern Egypt, where the virus hit 34 previously vaccinated chickens and ducks.

    The H5N1 virus is endemic in Egyptian poultry. The country's last report to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) in mid-June 2008 detailed an outbreak in backyard birds in Luxor governorate.

    In other developments, health officials in China said yesterday that they had found no evidence in the wake of the recent death of a 19-year-old woman from an H5N1 infection that the virus has mutated to allow easier human-to-human transmission, according to a Reuters report yesterday. The report did not say where the genetic analysis of the virus was done and did not list any other details about the findings.

    Mao Qunan, a health ministry spokesman, relayed the expert assessment to reporters at a news conference. He reminded the public to protect themselves from the virus but said they "should not have unnecessary fears," Reuters reported.
    -
    <cite cite="http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/influenza/avianflu/news/jan1309egypt-br.html">CIDRAP >> Egyptian child has H5N1 infection</cite>

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