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WHO: Ebola virus disease, West Africa –update August 05, 2015 - cumulative number of cases stands at 27 862 ; deaths 11 281 total - WHO admits these counts are very conservative (Nov 6)

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  • WHO: Ebola virus disease, West Africa –update August 05, 2015 - cumulative number of cases stands at 27 862 ; deaths 11 281 total - WHO admits these counts are very conservative (Nov 6)

    Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update 8 August 2014

    Epidemiology and surveillance

    Between 5 and 6 August 2014, a total of 68 new cases of Ebola virus disease (laboratory-confirmed, probable, and suspect cases) as well as 29 deaths were reported from Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone.

    Health sector response

    On Wednesday, 6 August and Thursday, 7 August, an Emergency Committee was held via teleconference to determine whether the current outbreak constitutes a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. After discussion and deliberation on the information provided, the Committee advised that:

    the Ebola outbreak in West Africa constitutes an ‘extraordinary event’ and a public health risk to other States;
    the possible consequences of further international spread are particularly serious in view of the virulence of the virus, the intensive community and health facility transmission patterns, and the weak health systems in the currently affected and most at-risk countries.
    a coordinated international response is deemed essential to stop and reverse the international spread of Ebola.

    It was the unanimous view of the Committee that the conditions for a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) have been met.

    On Friday, 8 August, the Director-General, Dr Margaret Chan, gave a press briefing to the international media from WHO Headquarters. Dr Chan will give an additional briefing on the situation of the outbreak and the ongoing response in the region to the Permanent and Observer Missions to the United Nations and other international organizations in Geneva on Tuesday, 12 August. Permanent Representatives of the affected countries have been invited to speak on behalf of their respective Governments on the national Ebola response and priorities.

    On Monday, 11 August, WHO will convene a panel of medical ethics experts to begin looking at the use of experimental treatments in the ongoing EVD outbreak in West Africa. At this time, there are no registered medicines or vaccines against this deadly virus; several experimental options are currently under development, though. The recent treatment of two health workers from US faith-based aid organizations has raised questions about whether medicines that have never been tested or shown to be safe in humans should be used in outbreak situations. In the case of Ebola, supplies are extremely limited, which then raises questions about who should receive it, if it’s used.

    Disease update

    New cases and deaths attributable to EVD continue to be reported by the Ministries of Health in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone. Between 5 and 6 August 2014, 68 new cases (laboratory-confirmed, probable, and suspect cases) of EVD and 29 deaths were reported from the four countries as follows: Guinea, 0 new cases and 4 deaths; Liberia, 38 new cases and 12 deaths; Nigeria, 4 new cases and 1 death; and Sierra Leone, 26 new cases and 12 deaths.

    As of 6 August 2014, the cumulative number of cases attributed to EVD in the four countries stands at 1 779, including 961 deaths. The distribution and classification of the cases are as follows: Guinea, 495 cases (355 confirmed, 133 probable, and 7 suspected), including 367 deaths; Liberia, 554 cases (148 confirmed, 274 probable, and 132 suspected), including 294 deaths; Nigeria, 13 cases (0 confirmed, 7 probable, and 6 suspected), including 2 deaths; and Sierra Leone, 717 cases (631 confirmed, 38 probable, and 48 suspected), including 298 deaths.

    Confirmed, probable, and suspect cases and deaths from Ebola virus disease in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone, as of 6 August 2014...

    Read more: http://www.afro.who.int/en/clusters-...gust-2014.html

  • #2
    Re: WHO: Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update August 8, 2014 - cumulative number of cases stands at 1 779, including 961 deaths

    Source: http://www.afro.who.int/en/clusters-...gust-2014.html

    Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update 11 August 2014
    E-mail Print

    Epidemiology and surveillance

    Between 7 and 9 August 2014, a total of 69 new cases of Ebola virus disease (laboratory-confirmed, probable, and suspect cases) as well as 52 deaths were reported from Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone.

    Health sector response

    The recent treatment of two health workers, who were infected with EVD, with an experimental medicine has raised important questions about whether medicines or treatments that have never been tested or shown to be safe in humans should be used in this outbreak. Currently, quantities of the medicine are limited, which also raises questions about who should receive the treatment.

    On 11 August, WHO convened a panel of medical ethicists, scientific experts, and lay people from the affected countries to assess the role of experimental therapies in the Ebola outbreak response.

    Two issues were considered:

    1) Is it ethical to use unregistered interventions with unknown adverse effects for possible treatment or prophylaxis? If it is, what criteria and conditions need to be satisfied before they can be used?

    And

    2) If it is ethical to use these unregistered interventions in the current circumstances, then what criteria should guide the choice of an intervention and who should receive priority for treatment or prevention?

    The findings of this panel will be posted on WHO’s website on Tuesday, 12 August 2014.

    Disease update

    New cases and deaths attributable to EVD continue to be reported by the Ministries of Health in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone. Between 7 and 9 August 2014, 69 new cases (laboratory-confirmed, probable, and suspect cases) of EVD and 52 deaths were reported from the four countries as follows: Guinea, 11 new cases and 6 deaths; Liberia, 45 new cases and 29 deaths; Nigeria, 0 new cases and 0 deaths; and Sierra Leone, 13 new cases and 17 deaths.

    Confirmed, probable, and suspect cases and deaths from Ebola virus disease in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone, as of 9 August 2014...

    Comment


    • #3
      Re: WHO: Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update August 11, 2014 - cumulative number of cases stands at 1,848; deaths total 1013

      New update today, current through the 11th:

      http://www.who.int/csr/don/2014_08_13_ebola/en/

      Ebola virus disease update - west Africa

      Disease outbreak news
      13 August 2014

      Epidemiology and surveillance

      Between 10 and 11 August 2014, a total of 128 new cases of Ebola virus disease (laboratory-confirmed, probable, and suspect cases) as well as 56 deaths were reported from Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone.
      Contact tracing in Guinea, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone has resulted in a range between 94% and 98% of contacts of EVD cases being identified and followed-up. In Liberia, efforts are underway to strengthen contact tracing, but help is needed in this area. The Liberian Army has also recently placed a third province under quarantine as part of the ongoing effort to stop transmission of EVD.
      Health sector response

      On 11 August, WHO convened a panel of medical ethicists, scientific experts, and lay people from the affected countries to consider and assess the ethical implications for clinical decision-making of the potential use of unregistered interventions.
      In the particular circumstances of this outbreak, and provided certain conditions are met, the panel reached consensus that it is ethical to offer unproven interventions with as yet unknown efficacy and adverse effects, as potential treatment or prevention.
      Ethical criteria must guide the provision of such interventions. These include transparency about all aspects of care, informed consent, freedom of choice, confidentiality, respect for the person, preservation of dignity and involvement of the community.
      Additional information on the outcomes of the meeting can be found at http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/...ew-summary/en/. A report of the meeting proceedings will be available to the public by 17 August 2014.
      On the operational side, WHO is finalizing its strategic operations response plan and expects to share this with countries and partners in the coming days. Mapping is also underway to develop an operational picture in order to coordinate and move people and materials to areas of greatest need.
      WHO does not recommend any travel or trade restrictions be applied except in cases where individuals have been confirmed or are suspected of being infected with EVD or where individuals have had contact with cases of EVD. (Contacts do not include properly-protected health-care workers and laboratory staff.) Temporary recommendations from the Emergency Committee with regard to actions to be taken by countries can be found at http://who.int/mediacentre/news/stat...a-20140808/en/.
      Disease update

      Confirmed, probable, and suspect cases and deaths from Ebola virus disease in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone, as of 11 August 2014


      <table class="borderOn"> <thead> <tr> <td class="RightAlign" rowspan="2">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign" rowspan="2">New (1)</td> <td class="CenterAlign" rowspan="2">Confirmed</td> <td class="CenterAlign" rowspan="2">Probable</td> <td class="CenterAlign" rowspan="2">Suspect</td> <td class="CenterAlign" rowspan="2">Totals</td> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr> </tr> <tr> <td>Guinea</td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Cases</td> <td class="CenterAlign">4</td> <td class="CenterAlign">369</td> <td class="CenterAlign">133</td> <td class="CenterAlign">8</td> <td class="CenterAlign">510</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Deaths</td> <td class="CenterAlign">4</td> <td class="CenterAlign">242</td> <td class="CenterAlign">133</td> <td class="CenterAlign">2</td> <td class="CenterAlign">377</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Liberia </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Cases</td> <td class="CenterAlign">71</td> <td class="CenterAlign">166</td> <td class="CenterAlign">358</td> <td class="CenterAlign">146</td> <td class="CenterAlign">670</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Deaths</td> <td class="CenterAlign">32</td> <td class="CenterAlign">149</td> <td class="CenterAlign">153</td> <td class="CenterAlign">53</td> <td class="CenterAlign">355</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Nigeria</td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Cases</td> <td class="CenterAlign">0</td> <td class="CenterAlign">10</td> <td class="CenterAlign">0</td> <td class="CenterAlign">2</td> <td class="CenterAlign">12</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Deaths</td> <td class="CenterAlign">1</td> <td class="CenterAlign">0</td> <td class="CenterAlign">3</td> <td class="CenterAlign">0</td> <td class="CenterAlign">3</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Sierra Leone</td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Cases</td> <td class="CenterAlign">53</td> <td class="CenterAlign">706</td> <td class="CenterAlign">38</td> <td class="CenterAlign">39</td> <td class="CenterAlign">783</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Deaths</td> <td class="CenterAlign">19</td> <td class="CenterAlign">295</td> <td class="CenterAlign">34</td> <td class="CenterAlign">5</td> <td class="CenterAlign">334</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Totals</td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
      </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Cases</td> <td class="CenterAlign">128</td> <td class="CenterAlign">1251</td> <td class="CenterAlign">529</td> <td class="CenterAlign">195</td> <td class="CenterAlign">1975</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Deaths</td> <td class="CenterAlign">56</td> <td class="CenterAlign">686</td> <td class="CenterAlign">323</td> <td class="CenterAlign">60</td> <td class="CenterAlign">1069</td> </tr> <tr> <td>(1) New cases were reported between 10 and 11 August 2014.</td> <td>
      </td> <td>
      </td> <td>
      </td> <td>
      </td> <td>
      </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> The total number of cases is subject to change due to ongoing reclassification, retrospective investigation, and availability of laboratory results. Data reported in the Disease Outbreak News are based on official information reported by Ministries of Health.
      Last edited by sharon sanders; August 13th, 2014, 11:45 AM. Reason: chart

      Comment


      • #4
        Re: WHO: Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update August 13, 2014 - cumulative number of cases stands at 1,975; deaths total 1,069

        WHO Ebola news

        14 August 2014


        The outbreak of Ebola virus disease in West Africa continues to escalate, with 1975 cases and 1069 deaths reported from Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone.

        No new cases have been detected in Nigeria following the importation of a case in an air traveller last month. Extensive contact tracing and monitoring, implemented with support from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), has kept the number of additional cases small.

        Elsewhere, the outbreak is expected to continue for some time. WHO’s operational response plan extends over the next several months. Staff at the outbreak sites see evidence that the numbers of reported cases and deaths vastly underestimate the magnitude of the outbreak.

        WHO is coordinating a massive scaling up of the international response, marshalling support from individual countries, disease control agencies, agencies within the United Nations system, and others.

        The World Food Programme is using its well-developed logistics to deliver food to the more than one million people locked down in the quarantine zones, where the borders of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone intersect. Several countries have agreed to support the provision of priority food staples for this population.

        Practical on-the-ground intelligence is the backbone of a coordinated response. WHO is mapping the outbreak, in great detail, to pinpoint areas of ongoing transmission and locate treatment facilities and supplies. Good logistical support depends on knowing which facilities need disinfectants or personal protective equipment, where new isolation facilities need to be built, and where the need for more health-care workers is most intense.

        CDC is equipping the hardest-hit countries with computer hardware and software that will soon allow real-time reporting of cases and analysis of trends. This also strengthens the framework for a scaled-up response.

        Today, WHO Director-General Dr Margaret Chan held discussions with a group of ambassadors from Geneva’s United Nations missions. The meeting aimed to identify the most urgent needs within countries and match them with rapid international support.

        These steps align with recognition of the extraordinary measures needed, on a massive scale, to contain the outbreak in settings characterized by extreme poverty, dysfunctional health systems, a severe shortage of doctors, and rampant fear.http://www.who.int/csr/disease/ebola...w-20140814/en/
        CSI:WORLD http://swineflumagazine.blogspot.com/

        treyfish2004@yahoo.com

        Comment


        • #5
          Re: WHO: Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update August 13, 2014 - cumulative number of cases stands at 1,975; deaths total 1,069

          WHO Ebola news

          15 August 2014

          The scale, duration, and lethality of the Ebola outbreak have generated a high level of public fear and anxiety, which extends well beyond west Africa. Such reactions are understandable, given the high fatality rate and the absence of a vaccine or cure.
          Recent intense media coverage of experimental medicines and vaccines is creating some unrealistic expectations, especially in an emotional climate of intense fear. The public needs to understand that these medical products are under investigation. They have not yet been tested in humans and are not approved by regulatory authorities, beyond use for compassionate care.
          Evidence of their effectiveness is suggestive, but not based on solid scientific data from clinical trials. Safety is also unknown, raising the possibility of adverse side effects when administered to humans. For most, administration is difficult and demanding. Safe administration of some requires facilities for intensive care, which are rare in west Africa.
          WHO has advised that the use of experimental medicines and vaccines under the exceptional circumstances of this outbreak is ethically acceptable. However, existing supplies of all experimental medicines are either extremely limited or exhausted.
          While many efforts are under way to accelerate production, supplies will not be augmented for several months to come. Even then, supplies will be too small to have a significant impact on the outbreak.
          WHO welcomes the decision by the Canadian government to donate several hundred doses of an experimental vaccine to support the outbreak response. A fully tested and licensed vaccine is not expected before 2015.
          Another source of public misunderstanding, especially in affected areas, comes from rumours on social media claiming that certain products or practices can prevent or cure Ebola virus disease.
          Decades of scientific research have failed to find a curative or preventive agent of proven safety and effectiveness in humans, though a number of promising products are currently under development.
          All rumours of any other effective products or practices are false. Their use can be dangerous. In Nigeria, for example, at least two people have died after drinking salt water, rumoured to be protective.
          The most effective personal behaviours are avoiding well-known high-risk situations, knowing the symptoms of infection, and reporting early for testing and care. Evidence suggests that early supportive care improves the prospects of survival.
          The Ebola virus is highly contagious but only under very specific conditions involving close contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person or corpse. Most infections have been linked to traditional funeral practices or the unprotected care, in homes or health facilities, of an infected person showing symptoms.
          Apart from these specific opportunities for exposure to the virus, the general public is not at high risk of infection.http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/...ugust-2014/en/
          CSI:WORLD http://swineflumagazine.blogspot.com/

          treyfish2004@yahoo.com

          Comment


          • #6
            Re: WHO: Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update August 13, 2014 - cumulative number of cases stands at 1,975; deaths total 1,069

            Ebola virus disease update - west Africa

            Disease outbreak news
            15 August 2014

            Epidemiology and surveillance

            Between 12 and 13 August 2014, a total of 152 new cases of Ebola virus disease (laboratory-confirmed, probable, and suspect cases) as well as 76 deaths were reported from Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.
            Health sector response

            On 13-14 August, some airlines and social media and traditional media vehicles expressed concern that air travel to and from affected countries was a high-risk activity for the spread of Ebola. To correct this misunderstanding, WHO called a press conference at the UN Palais des Nations in Geneva on 14 August. Dr Isabelle Nuttall, speaking on behalf of WHO, said, “Air travel, even from Ebola-affected countries, is low-risk for Ebola transmission.”
            Dr Nuttall further clarified modes of transmission for Ebola and emphasized that the disease is not an airborne virus, unlike influenza or tuberculosis. The infection is transmitted to others through direct contact with the bodily fluids of a sick person, such as blood, vomit, sweat, and diarrhoea. Even if an individual infected with EVD travels by plane, the likelihood of other passengers and crew coming into contact with the individual’s bodily fluids is very low.
            WHO does not recommend any travel or trade restrictions be applied except in cases where individuals have been confirmed or are suspected of being infected with EVD or where individuals have had contact with cases of EVD. (Contacts do not include properly-protected health-care workers and laboratory staff.) Temporary recommendations from the Emergency Committee with regard to actions to be taken by countries can be found at:

            On 13 August, Heads of Global Information Systems (GIS) for WHO, UN agencies, intergovernmental agencies, and partners met to continue mapping the EVD crisis and create an interagency common operations picture. This will allow WHO and other organizations responding to the crisis in the affected countries to pinpoint where personnel and material should be concentrated for an effective end to the outbreak.
            Disease update

            Confirmed, probable, and suspect cases and deaths from Ebola virus disease in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone, as of 13 August 2014


            <table class="borderOn"> <thead> <tr> <td class="RightAlign" rowspan="2">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign" rowspan="2">New (1) </td> <td class="CenterAlign" rowspan="2">Confirmed</td> <td class="CenterAlign" rowspan="2">Probable</td> <td class="CenterAlign" rowspan="2">Suspect</td> <td class="CenterAlign" rowspan="2">Totals</td> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr> </tr> <tr> <td>Guinea</td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Cases</td> <td class="CenterAlign">9</td> <td class="CenterAlign">376</td> <td class="CenterAlign">133</td> <td class="CenterAlign">10</td> <td class="CenterAlign">519</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Deaths</td> <td class="CenterAlign">3</td> <td class="CenterAlign">245</td> <td class="CenterAlign">133</td> <td class="CenterAlign">2</td> <td class="CenterAlign">380</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Liberia </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Cases</td> <td class="CenterAlign">116</td> <td class="CenterAlign">190</td> <td class="CenterAlign">423</td> <td class="CenterAlign">173</td> <td class="CenterAlign">786</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Deaths</td> <td class="CenterAlign">58</td> <td class="CenterAlign">154</td> <td class="CenterAlign">190</td> <td class="CenterAlign">69</td> <td class="CenterAlign">413</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Nigeria</td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Cases</td> <td class="CenterAlign">0</td> <td class="CenterAlign">11</td> <td class="CenterAlign">0</td> <td class="CenterAlign">1</td> <td class="CenterAlign">12</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Deaths</td> <td class="CenterAlign">1</td> <td class="CenterAlign">4</td> <td class="CenterAlign">0</td> <td class="CenterAlign">0</td> <td class="CenterAlign">4</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Sierra Leone</td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Cases</td> <td class="CenterAlign">27</td> <td class="CenterAlign">733</td> <td class="CenterAlign">38</td> <td class="CenterAlign">39</td> <td class="CenterAlign">810</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Deaths</td> <td class="CenterAlign">14</td> <td class="CenterAlign">309</td> <td class="CenterAlign">34</td> <td class="CenterAlign">5</td> <td class="CenterAlign">348</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Totals</td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
            </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Cases</td> <td class="CenterAlign">152</td> <td class="CenterAlign">1310</td> <td class="CenterAlign">594</td> <td class="CenterAlign">223</td> <td class="CenterAlign">2127</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Deaths</td> <td class="CenterAlign">76</td> <td class="CenterAlign">712</td> <td class="CenterAlign">357</td> <td class="CenterAlign">76</td> <td class="CenterAlign">1145</td> </tr> <tr> <td colspan="6">(1) New cases were reported between 1 and 13 August 2014.</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> The total number of cases is subject to change due to ongoing reclassification, retrospective investigation, and availability of laboratory results. Data reported in the Disease Outbreak News are based on official information reported by Ministries of Health.http://www.who.int/csr/don/2014_08_15_ebola/en/
            CSI:WORLD http://swineflumagazine.blogspot.com/

            treyfish2004@yahoo.com

            Comment


            • #7
              Re: WHO: Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update August 13, 2014 - cumulative number of cases stands at 1,975; deaths total 1,069

              Source: http://www.who.int/csr/don/2014_08_15_ebola/en/

              Ebola virus disease update - west Africa

              Disease outbreak news
              15 August 2014
              Epidemiology and surveillance

              Between 12 and 13 August 2014, a total of 152 new cases of Ebola virus disease (laboratory-confirmed, probable, and suspect cases) as well as 76 deaths were reported from Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.
              Health sector response

              On 13-14 August, some airlines and social media and traditional media vehicles expressed concern that air travel to and from affected countries was a high-risk activity for the spread of Ebola. To correct this misunderstanding, WHO called a press conference at the UN Palais des Nations in Geneva on 14 August. Dr Isabelle Nuttall, speaking on behalf of WHO, said, “Air travel, even from Ebola-affected countries, is low-risk for Ebola transmission.”

              Dr Nuttall further clarified modes of transmission for Ebola and emphasized that the disease is not an airborne virus, unlike influenza or tuberculosis. The infection is transmitted to others through direct contact with the bodily fluids of a sick person, such as blood, vomit, sweat, and diarrhoea. Even if an individual infected with EVD travels by plane, the likelihood of other passengers and crew coming into contact with the individual’s bodily fluids is very low.

              WHO does not recommend any travel or trade restrictions be applied except in cases where individuals have been confirmed or are suspected of being infected with EVD or where individuals have had contact with cases of EVD. (Contacts do not include properly-protected health-care workers and laboratory staff.) Temporary recommendations from the Emergency Committee with regard to actions to be taken by countries can be found at:

              IHR Emergency Committee meeting on Ebola outbreak in west Africa

              On 13 August, Heads of Global Information Systems (GIS) for WHO, UN agencies, intergovernmental agencies, and partners met to continue mapping the EVD crisis and create an interagency common operations picture. This will allow WHO and other organizations responding to the crisis in the affected countries to pinpoint where personnel and material should be concentrated for an effective end to the outbreak.
              Disease update
              Confirmed, probable, and suspect cases and deaths from Ebola virus disease in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone, as of 13 August 2014...

              Comment


              • #8
                Ebola virus disease update - West Africa

                Disease outbreak news
                19 August 2014

                Epidemiology and surveillance

                Between 14 and 16 August 2014, a total of 113 new cases of Ebola virus disease (laboratory-confirmed, probable, and suspect cases) as well as 84 deaths were reported from Guinea, Liberia*, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone.
                Health sector response

                The response of WHO and other partners to the Ebola Virus outbreak is continuing to grow in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. To reduce the likelihood that those who are infected will carry the disease outside their communities, the governments have set up quarantine zones in areas of high transmission including severely-affected cities such as Gueckedou in Guinea, Kenema and Kailahun in Sierra Leone and Foya in Liberia.
                This prevents people living in these areas from moving to other parts of the country and potentially increasing EVD transmission. However, it also means that barriers to travel limit their access to food and other necessities. While preventing further transmission of EVD is crucial, it is essential that people in those zones have access to food, water, good sanitation and other basic supplies.
                WHO is working with the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) to ensure people in the quarantine zones receive regular food aid and other non-medical supplies. WFP is now scaling up its programme to distribute food to the around 1 million people living in the quarantine zones in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.
                Food has been delivered to hospitalized patients and people under quarantine who are not able to leave their homes to purchase food. Providing regular food supplies is a potent means of limiting unnecessary movement.
                WHO does not recommend any travel or trade restrictions be applied except in cases where individuals have been confirmed or are suspected of being infected with EVD or where individuals have had contact with cases of EVD. (Contacts do not include properly-protected health-care workers and laboratory staff.) Temporary recommendations from the Emergency Committee with regard to actions to be taken by countries can be found at:


                Disease update

                Confirmed, probable, and suspect cases and deaths from Ebola virus disease in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone, as of 16 August 2014


                <table class="borderOn"> <thead> <tr> <td class="RightAlign" rowspan="2">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign" rowspan="2">New (1) </td> <td class="CenterAlign" rowspan="2">Confirmed</td> <td class="CenterAlign" rowspan="2">Probable</td> <td class="CenterAlign" rowspan="2">Suspect</td> <td class="CenterAlign" rowspan="2">Totals (by Country)</td> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr> </tr> <tr> <td>Guinea</td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Cases</td> <td class="CenterAlign">24</td> <td class="CenterAlign">396</td> <td class="CenterAlign">140</td> <td class="CenterAlign">7</td> <td class="CenterAlign">543</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Deaths</td> <td class="CenterAlign">14</td> <td class="CenterAlign">252</td> <td class="CenterAlign">140</td> <td class="CenterAlign">2</td> <td class="CenterAlign">394</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Liberia </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Cases</td> <td class="CenterAlign">48</td> <td class="CenterAlign">200</td> <td class="CenterAlign">444</td> <td class="CenterAlign">190</td> <td class="CenterAlign">834</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Deaths</td> <td class="CenterAlign">53</td> <td class="CenterAlign">178</td> <td class="CenterAlign">202</td> <td class="CenterAlign">86</td> <td class="CenterAlign">466</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Nigeria</td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Cases</td> <td class="CenterAlign">3</td> <td class="CenterAlign">12</td> <td class="CenterAlign">0</td> <td class="CenterAlign">3</td> <td class="CenterAlign">15</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Deaths</td> <td class="CenterAlign">0</td> <td class="CenterAlign">4</td> <td class="CenterAlign">0</td> <td class="CenterAlign">0</td> <td class="CenterAlign">4</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Sierra Leone</td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Cases</td> <td class="CenterAlign">38</td> <td class="CenterAlign">775</td> <td class="CenterAlign">34</td> <td class="CenterAlign">39</td> <td class="CenterAlign">848</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Deaths</td> <td class="CenterAlign">17</td> <td class="CenterAlign">326</td> <td class="CenterAlign">34</td> <td class="CenterAlign">5</td> <td class="CenterAlign">365</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Totals</td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> <td class="CenterAlign">
                </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Cases</td> <td class="CenterAlign">113</td> <td class="CenterAlign">1383</td> <td class="CenterAlign">618</td> <td class="CenterAlign">239</td> <td class="CenterAlign">2240</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="RightAlign">Deaths</td> <td class="CenterAlign">84</td> <td class="CenterAlign">760</td> <td class="CenterAlign">376</td> <td class="CenterAlign">93</td> <td class="CenterAlign">1229</td> </tr> <tr> <td colspan="6">(1) New cases were reported between 14 and 16 August 2014.</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> The total number of cases is subject to change due to ongoing reclassification, retrospective investigation, and availability of laboratory results. Data reported in the Disease Outbreak News are based on official information reported by Ministries of Health.
                * Information from Liberia, throughout this update, is from 15 August, 2014.


                http://who.int/csr/don/2014_08_19_ebola/en/

                Comment


                • #9
                  Re: WHO: Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update August 19, 2014 - cumulative number of cases stands at 2,240; deaths total 1,229

                  Ebola virus disease update - west Africa

                  <!-- Default DIV wrapper for all story meta data -->Disease outbreak news
                  20 August 2014

                  <!-- close of the meta div -->Epidemiology and surveillance

                  Between 17 and 18 August 2014, a total of 221 new cases of Ebola virus disease (laboratory-confirmed, probable, and suspect cases) as well as 106 deaths were reported from Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone.

                  Health sector response

                  WHO continues to engage in high-level communication efforts with affected countries, companies and organizations doing business in and from Africa, and national and global leaders. Currently, some companies have taken the decision to suspend services to the affected countries.

                  This includes airlines and shipping companies. As a result of these decisions, countries are beginning to experience supply shortages, including fuel, food, and basic supplies. WHO is working with the UN World Food Programme to ensure adequate food and supplies, but calls on companies to make business decisions based on scientific evidence with regard to the transmission of Ebola virus.

                  In the current outbreak, the majority of Ebola virus disease cases are a result of human-to-human transmission and failure to apply appropriate infection prevention and control measures in home care, some clinical settings, and in burial rituals. It is important to understand that EVD is not an airborne disease. Individuals may become infected as a result of contact with the bodily fluids (vomit, diarrhoea, sputum, blood, etc.) from persons who are confirmed to have EVD or who have died from EVD. Companies bringing goods and services to the affected countries are at low risk for exposure to EVD and WHO, under the International Health Regulations, encourages companies and organizations to continue providing these necessary supplies.

                  Countries around the world continue to engage in active surveillance for cases of EVD. Reports have been received by WHO of suspected cases and systematic verification is underway in a number of countries to confirm whether these are actual EVD cases. Overall, these reports are a positive sign that surveillance is working and countries are stepping up their preparedness to respond. As of today, no cases have been confirmed outside Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, or Sierra Leone.

                  A high-level delegation from WHO is currently in the affected countries, working with the national authorities and partners to adapt strategic operations response plans. Meetings are planned with leaders in Liberia and Sierra Leone, where transmission continues to be high.



                  WHO does not recommend any travel or trade restrictions be applied except in cases where individuals have been confirmed or are suspected of being infected with EVD or where individuals have had contact with cases of EVD. (Contacts do not include properly-protected health-care workers and laboratory staff.) Temporary recommendations from the Emergency Committee with regard to actions to be taken by countries can be found at:Disease update

                  Confirmed, probable, and suspect cases and deaths from Ebola virus disease in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone, as of 18 August 2014

                  <!--begin table -->
                  <TABLE class=borderOn><THEAD><TR><TD class=RightAlign rowSpan=2></TD><TD class=CenterAlign rowSpan=2>New (1) </TD><TD class=CenterAlign rowSpan=2>Confirmed</TD><TD class=CenterAlign rowSpan=2>Probable</TD><TD class=CenterAlign rowSpan=2>Suspect</TD><TD class=CenterAlign rowSpan=2>Totals</TD></TR></THEAD><TBODY><TR></TR><TR><TD>Guinea</TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD></TR><TR><TD class=RightAlign>Cases</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>36</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>423</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>140</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>16</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>579</TD></TR><TR><TD class=RightAlign>Deaths</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>2</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>254</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>140</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>2</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>396</TD></TR><TR><TD>Liberia </TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD></TR><TR><TD class=RightAlign>Cases</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>126</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>242</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>502</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>228</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>972</TD></TR><TR><TD class=RightAlign>Deaths</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>95</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>212</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>239</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>125</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>576</TD></TR><TR><TD>Nigeria</TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD></TR><TR><TD class=RightAlign>Cases</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>0</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>12</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>0</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>3</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>15</TD></TR><TR><TD class=RightAlign>Deaths</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>0</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>4</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>0</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>0</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>4</TD></TR><TR><TD>Sierra Leone</TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD></TR><TR><TD class=RightAlign>Cases</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>59</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>783</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>52</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>72</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>907</TD></TR><TR><TD class=RightAlign>Deaths</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>9</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>335</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>34</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>5</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>374</TD></TR><TR><TD>Totals</TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD><TD class=CenterAlign></TD></TR><TR><TD class=RightAlign>Cases</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>221</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>1460</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>694</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>319</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>2473</TD></TR><TR><TD class=RightAlign>Deaths</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>106</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>805</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>413</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>132</TD><TD class=CenterAlign>1350</TD></TR><TR><TD colSpan=4>1. New cases were reported between 17 and 18 August 2014.</TD><TD class=RightAlign></TD><TD class=RightAlign></TD></TR><TR><TD class=RightAlign></TD><TD></TD><TD></TD><TD></TD><TD></TD><TD></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
                  The total number of cases is subject to change due to ongoing reclassification, retrospective investigation, and availability of laboratory results. Data reported in the Disease Outbreak News are based on official information reported by Ministries of Health.

                  http://www.who.int/csr/don/2014_08_20_ebola/en/
                  "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                  -Nelson Mandela

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Re: WHO: Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update August 20, 2014 - cumulative number of cases stands at 2,473; deaths total 1,350

                    Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update 22 August 2014
                    E-mail Print

                    Epidemiology and surveillance

                    Between 19 and 20 August 2014, a total of 142 new cases of Ebola virus disease (laboratory-confirmed, probable, and suspect cases) as well as 77 deaths were reported from Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone.

                    Health sector response

                    Questions have been received in WHO Headquarters about the original proposed budget for the response and the new draft budget, which is being reviewed by partners. The increase in needed resources is based on improved data and understanding of the situation on the ground in the affected countries. The new estimation of costs is derived using a unit-cost model, built for the most intense transmission areas and reflects the average operational costs based on the current situation in the affected countries. The major assumptions for the cost estimates will be announced towards the end of next week.

                    WHO continues to receive reports of rumoured or suspected cases from countries around the world and systematic verification of these cases is ongoing. Countries are encouraged to continue engaging in active surveillance and preparedness activities. As of today, no new cases have been confirmed outside of Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, or Sierra Leone.

                    WHO does not recommend any travel or trade restrictions be applied except in cases where individuals have been confirmed or are suspected of being infected with EVD or where individuals have had contact with cases of EVD. (Contacts do not include properly-protected health-care workers and laboratory staff.) Temporary recommendations from the Emergency Committee with regard to actions to be taken by countries can be found at: IHR Emergency Committee on Ebola outbreak in west Africa

                    Disease update

                    Confirmed, probable, and suspect cases and deaths from Ebola virus disease in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone, as of 20 August 2014...

                    Source: http://www.afro.who.int/en/clusters-...gust-2014.html

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      Re: WHO: Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update August 22, 2014 - cumulative number of cases stands at 2,615; deaths total 1,427

                      We are now listing each report on its own thread starting with the latest on August 28, 2014. Please see general forum below.

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        Re: WHO: Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update August 22, 2014 - cumulative number of cases stands at 2,615; deaths total 1,427

                        Originally posted by sharon sanders View Post
                        We are now listing each report on its own thread starting with the latest on August 28, 2014. Please see general forum below.
                        Is there still a summary thread somewhere? It's difficult to get a full sense of the epidemic from the country-specific threads alone.

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          Re: WHO: Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update August 22, 2014 - cumulative number of cases stands at 2,615; deaths total 1,427

                          Originally posted by Sharky View Post
                          Is there still a summary thread somewhere? It's difficult to get a full sense of the epidemic from the country-specific threads alone.
                          I agree completely.

                          Comment


                          • #14
                            Re: WHO: Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update August 22, 2014 - cumulative number of cases stands at 2,615; deaths total 1,427

                            WHO's dropping of their previous regular 2, 2 and 3 day reports on WED, FRI and MON in favor of delayed, irregular, longer duration and overlapping reports, combined with their unexplained and uncorrected ommissions of Liberia's data for 8/16 and 9/6, along with inconsistent ministry of health reporting, has made it impossible to get an accurate and timely sense of the ongoing and worsening acceleration taking place in new case totals and death counts.

                            The deteriorating 'control' of EVD and the surprising infection rate increase is, in my opinion, revealed by calculating DOUBLING PERIODS determined by data from the last 4-5 days, not by looking at incomplete, delayed and imcomparable reports of week-old data.

                            It's going to take several more days, but I am producing an Aug.-Sep database comparing the WHO and national MOH numbers and the disparities, and more importantly showing the startling decreases in the days required for total case and death counts to double based on 1-2 day old data issued by the national ministries of health. Reporting 1-2 week old, incomplete and incomparable data, covering long 6 day periods, serves to obscure rapidly rising infection rates hiding in plain sight in yesterday's and today's new numbers.

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              Re: WHO: Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update August 22, 2014 - cumulative number of cases stands at 2,615; deaths total 1,427

                              Originally posted by franzpick View Post
                              WHO's dropping of their previous regular 2, 2 and 3 day reports on WED, FRI and MON in favor of delayed, irregular, longer duration and overlapping reports, combined with their unexplained and uncorrected ommissions of Liberia's data for 8/16 and 9/6, along with inconsistent ministry of health reporting, has made it impossible to get an accurate and timely sense of the ongoing and worsening acceleration taking place in new case totals and death counts.

                              The deteriorating 'control' of EVD and the surprising infection rate increase is, in my opinion, revealed by calculating DOUBLING PERIODS determined by data from the last 4-5 days, not by looking at incomplete, delayed and imcomparable reports of week-old data.

                              It's going to take several more days, but I am producing an Aug.-Sep database comparing the WHO and national MOH numbers and the disparities, and more importantly showing the startling decreases in the days required for total case and death counts to double based on 1-2 day old data issued by the national ministries of health. Reporting 1-2 week old, incomplete and incomparable data, covering long 6 day periods, serves to obscure rapidly rising infection rates hiding in plain sight in yesterday's and today's new numbers.
                              I've been trying to keep a current tally based on MoH reports and the WHO updates. I'll post the most recent data I have. http://www.flutrackers.com/forum/sho...389#post546389
                              "I know God will not give me anything I can't handle. I just wish that He didn't trust me so much." - Mother Teresa of Calcutta

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