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China - Seasonal flu epidemic in Sichuan province - "don't panic" - July 14, 2022

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  • China - Seasonal flu epidemic in Sichuan province - "don't panic" - July 14, 2022

    There is a summer flu epidemic in Sichuan, disease control reminder: don't panic, keep these three points in mind

    2022-07-14 04:30

      Zhou Lijun, Sichuan Online reporter Wei Feng

      On July 13, Sichuan CDC released news: According to the monitoring data of the National Influenza Center of China, the positive rate of influenza virus detection in southern provinces across the country has continued to rise recently, and some provinces have entered a period of high incidence in summer, mainly A (H3N2) subtype influenza virus. , There has been a summer flu epidemic situation in our province.
      The so-called influenza is an acute respiratory infectious disease caused by influenza virus. Influenza viruses are divided into four types: A (A), B (B), C (C), and D (D). Among them, there are two subtypes of influenza A virus, H1N1 and H3N2, and influenza B virus (Yamagata series). and Victoria line) can cause seasonal epidemics. Recently, the predominant strain in our province is A(H3N2) subtype. On the morning of July 13, Sichuan CDC answered the questions that netizens were concerned about.
      Q: There has been a summer flu epidemic in our province. What is the difference between this year and previous years?
      Answer: According to the influenza surveillance data of the Sichuan CDC, the level of influenza activity in our province has increased significantly since June compared with the same period in the past two years and has continued to rise. At the same time, some areas have detected subtype A (H3N2) influenza virus in schools. The gathering of epidemics indicates that there is a summer flu epidemic situation in our province, and reminds the general public to pay attention to personal protection and prevent flu.
      According to the surveillance results of influenza virus etiology in our province, the predominant strain in our province recently is A(H3N2) subtype virus, which has the characteristics of rapid onset, high morbidity, strong infectivity and wide prevalence.
      Q: There is a high incidence of influenza in summer this year, is it special?
      A: In fact, before the outbreak of the new crown epidemic, the southern provinces also experienced high summer influenza incidence in most years, and Sichuan Province also experienced a small peak of summer influenza incidence. The high incidence of influenza in summer this year is not unusual, and the public need not panic.
      Q: What if I catch the flu?
      A: Go to the hospital in time for medical treatment. Patients and accompanying staff need to wear masks to avoid cross infection. When influenza patients are at home, they should pay attention to washing their hands frequently, ventilate more, cover their mouths and noses with tissues when coughing and sneezing, and do not go to work or when they are sick. Go to school; try to avoid going in and out of public places, and reduce close contact with people around you. If you really need to go out, you should wear a mask.
      Q: Who are susceptible to influenza?
      A: The whole population is generally susceptible to influenza, and high-risk groups such as pregnant women, infants, the elderly, and patients with chronic diseases are more severely affected by influenza.
      Q: How can I prevent the flu?
      A: There are three things to keep in mind: First, getting the flu vaccine every year is the most effective way to prevent the flu and can significantly reduce the risk of flu and serious complications for those who receive it. Even if the components of the flu vaccine are exactly the same as the previous season, the flu vaccine needs to be given annually, given that the level of flu antibodies will gradually decline over time. Second, keep the environment clean, wash hands frequently, ventilate more, wear masks and other good hygiene habits , and try to avoid activities in crowded places during influenza epidemics. Third, a reasonable diet, proper exercise, regular work and rest, and enhance physical fitness.
      [A little more news]
      Small science:
      Influenza ≠ common cold
      According to relevant personnel of Sichuan CDC, influenza is not a common cold. The two have similar clinical manifestations, but it poses a greater threat to health than the common cold. Influenza may cause serious complications or make the original basic Disease worsens.
      Influenza has a short incubation period, strong infectivity, and rapid spread. It generally presents with acute onset, fever, and symptoms such as chills, fatigue, headache, and general muscle aches. The symptoms of the upper respiratory tract are relatively mild, and young children may also experience vomiting and Symptoms such as diarrhea.
      Influenza virus is mainly transmitted through air droplets, and can also be transmitted through direct or indirect contact with mucous membranes such as the mouth, nose, and eyes.

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