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China - Recently the number of pediatric patients with colds and diarrhea has increased significantly in major hospitals in Zhuzhou, Zhejiang province - December 3, 2020

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  • China - Recently the number of pediatric patients with colds and diarrhea has increased significantly in major hospitals in Zhuzhou, Zhejiang province - December 3, 2020


    How can the emergency pediatrics department of the central hospital receive more than 300 people a day to prevent common diseases in children in winter?


    2020-12-03 08:42


    Recently, the number of small patients suffering from "seasonal diseases" such as colds and diarrhea has increased (photographed by reporter Yang Lingling)
    Recently, the number of small patients suffering from "seasonal diseases" such as colds and diarrhea has increased significantly in major hospitals in Zhuzhou. Yesterday, the doctor reminded families with children to pay attention to family health care in the near future, wash their hands frequently, ventilate frequently, eat lightly, exercise moderately, and take precautions.

    The high incidence of respiratory diseases is here

    Yesterday, in the emergency pediatrics department of the Central Hospital, citizen Ms. Yang brought her 3-year-old son to see a doctor. In front of the two clinics of the emergency pediatrics department, there was a long line of children who came to see a doctor because of a cold. "The child's gastroenteritis just happened last week. This week I started coughing again, and he coughed so badly that he could not sleep well at night." Ms. Yang's son was finally diagnosed with bronchitis and needed a few days of injections. "A few familiar children in the community took turns catching a cold." Ms. Yang said.
    "Every year when the weather is cold, there are more small patients." Liu Shouxiang, director of the emergency pediatrics department of the Central Hospital, told reporters. "Compared with when the weather is hot, there are one third more small patients with upper respiratory tract infections and gastrointestinal diseases. Most of them are small patients between 1 and 4 years old."
    According to data from the Emergency Pediatric Clinic of the Central Hospital, there are currently more than 300 children who come to see the doctor every day. Among them, upper respiratory tract infections represented by the common cold ranked first, and gastrointestinal diseases represented by diarrhea and vomiting ranked second.
    "Judging from the number of children in outpatient clinics and the experience of previous years, we are currently in a period when the incidence rate has not reached the peak of medical visits." Liu Shouxiang said.

    How to prevent it? The doctor suggested three things

    "Children with respiratory diseases are mostly children under the age of 4, which are mostly caused or induced by viruses, bacteria and other pathogens, and are inseparable from the environment and climate. To prevent, normal family protection is very important." Liu Shouxiang said. He advises parents to do three things:
    First of all, pay attention to air circulation, keep the children's living environment at a certain room temperature, and avoid excessive temperature differences. To enhance children's resistance, nutrition should be comprehensive, and outdoor activities should be strengthened;
    Secondly, there is a big temperature difference between indoor and outdoor in winter, so you must pay attention to adding clothes to your children when going out, but you should not wear too much, otherwise it will be more likely to induce colds and pneumonia. It is recommended to open windows for ventilation for half an hour every morning and afternoon. Many pathogens can be The natural air is purified. At the same time, let the child drink more water.
    Finally, all kinds of preventive vaccinations should be carried out in time, and vaccination against influenza, meningitis, measles and pneumonia should be done well. (Zhuzhou Evening News reporter Yang Lingling correspondent Song Xi)

    [Related News] Disease Control Reminder: High incidence of chickenpox in winter, timely vaccination

    In December, Hunan enters a severe winter, and winter is a period of high incidence of chickenpox. Disease control experts reminded that children and adolescents are the main susceptible groups. Parents should protect their children from cold and warm, while vaccinating chickenpox is the most effective way to prevent and control chickenpox.
    Xiong Xinping, deputy director of the Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, introduced that chickenpox is an acute respiratory infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus. The main patients are children and adolescents. The typical symptoms are systemic skin rash with itching, which rapidly develops from macules to papules and blisters, and finally forms crusts. In severe cases, complications such as pneumonia and encephalitis may occur.
    In response to the misunderstanding that "a child has chickenpox, he will never get it again", Xiong Xinping told reporters that the chickenpox antibody usually lasts for a long time. Although the possibility of re-infection is very small, if the self-immunity declines, there will still be recurrences. may. Vaccination can prevent 90% of varicella. The World Health Organization recommends that children be vaccinated twice with varicella vaccine. After being vaccinated at 1 year old, they will be vaccinated again at 4-6 years old.
    Xiong Xinping said that whether it is a parent who has shingles or a child who has chickenpox, they must be isolated. (Zhuzhou Evening News reporter Yang Lingling)


    http://www.zznews.gov.cn/news/2020/1203/354873.shtml

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