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China - Food restrictions? Tens of millions of children need to lose weight - "weight loss for children and adolescents will become a national task". October 30, 2020

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  • China - Food restrictions? Tens of millions of children need to lose weight - "weight loss for children and adolescents will become a national task". October 30, 2020



    2020-10-30 19:29:02Beijing News




    In China, tens of millions of children need to lose weight



    On October 23, the six departments issued the "Child and Adolescent Obesity Prevention and Control Implementation Plan", which put forward a series of specific goals and tasks for "weight loss" for children.


    Have you ever been troubled by this problem before gaining weight before you grow taller?

    On October 23, the six departments issued the "Child and Adolescent Obesity Prevention and Control Implementation Plan" (hereinafter referred to as the "Plan"), which put forward a series of specific goals and tasks for "weight loss" for children.

    The reason is simple: China now has the largest number of overweight and obese children and adolescents.

    According to a report jointly issued by Peking University School of Public Health and UNICEF, in 2014, there were about 4.76 million obese children aged 0 to 7 years old in the country, and the obesity rate was about 4.3%; from 1985 to 2014, my country was 7 years old or older. The number of children with overweight and obesity also increased from 6.15 million to 34.96 million, and the corresponding overweight rate increased from 2.1% to 12.2%, and the obesity rate increased from 0.5% to 7.3%.

    According to WHO standards, the overweight rate of children and adolescents aged 6-17 in 9 provinces (Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Shandong, Henan, Jiangsu, Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi and Guizhou) has increased from 5.37% in 1991 to 16.23 in 2015. %, the obesity rate increased from 1.86% in 1991 to 10.75% in 2015.

    Increasing obesity is a cruel reality that Chinese children and adolescents have to face. The "Plan" stipulates that the average annual growth rate of overweight and obesity rates for children and adolescents aged 0-18 years old from 2020 to 2030 should be reduced by 70% from the baseline (the average annual growth rate from 2002 to 2017), and that high-endemic areas should be based on the baseline. Decrease by 80%.



    Overweight and obesity take away not only a symmetrical figure, but also the "youth" of children and adolescents.
    This is why, weight loss for children and adolescents will become a national task.

    You may not know that high blood pressure, fatty liver, diabetes, these problems labelled as "middle-aged" have now appeared in children and adolescents decades in advance.

    According to the China Health and Nutrition Survey released by the University of North Carolina in the United States and the China Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1.9% of children aged 12-18 in China have diabetes, which is four times that of the American peers; China shares 1.7 million teenagers suffer from diabetes, and another 27.7 million are considered pre-diabetes.

    A recent study published in the Chinese Journal of Epidemiology also showed that the detection rate of hypertension in children and adolescents in China from 1991 to 2015 showed an increasing trend. The detection rate of hypertension in overweight and obese children and adolescents was close to that of normal-weight people. Times.

    Another study pointed out that as the types of obesity change from simple general obesity, simple central obesity to compound obesity, children and adolescents in my country such as hypertension, hyperglycemia, high triglycerides, high total cholesterol and other cardiovascular metabolic risk factors The detection rate is getting higher and higher.



    A number of observational studies have shown that various unhealthy eating behaviors, such as not eating breakfast often, eating out frequently, eating fried foods, sugary drinks and snacks, can increase the risk of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents.

    For example, if you increase the consumption of 330-350 mL of sugar-sweetened beverages per day, the child’s body mass index (BMI) can increase by 0.03kg/mē within one year; as children grow older, the high-frequency consumption of snacks and beverages will affect the obesity rate The impact will be even more significant.

    But now, all kinds of snacks and drinks are becoming more and more attractive to children and adolescents.

    According to the Snacks Guide for Children and Adolescents in China issued in 2018, the snack consumption rate of people aged 2 and over in my country has risen from 11.2% in the 1990s to 56.7% in the recent past. According to the Shanghai Children’s Snacks Consumption Habits Survey, 70% of children Eat snacks and drinks every day.

    It should be noted that some snacks and beverages, even for adults, can consume one-third of the calories needed for the whole day after consuming 100 grams. According to expert recommendations, the total energy provided by snacks cannot exceed 10% of the total daily energy intake.



    It is a problem for many children and adolescents who can’t control their mouths on one side and can’t move their legs on the other side.

    Physical education classes are always occupied by other teachers, and the time after school is spent on homework, and the heavy burden of schoolwork puts the children in front of the desk.

    The "China Compulsory Education Quality Monitoring Report (2018)" shows that in the fourth and eighth grades, 44.3% and 60.8% of school sports have less than 3 lessons per week, which did not meet the standards set by the Ministry of Education for compulsory education. The time that should have belonged to physical education was "borrowed" by other subjects.

    Outside of school, the children did not spend much time on physical exercise. According to the China Children’s Development Report (2019), the average daily physical exercise time for Chinese children outside school during school days is 23.5 minutes, and the average daily physical exercise time outside school on weekends is 34.7 minutes, which is significantly lower than the time for doing homework and using electronic products and other static activities .



    However, such phenomena may decrease in the future.

    The "Plan" emphasizes that it is necessary to strengthen physical education and extracurricular exercises, and all schools in all regions must strictly implement the national sports and health curriculum standards, and include physical education scores in the high school examination and other assessments in accordance with relevant regulations. At the hearing held on October 28, Yunnan Province proposed that the scores of junior high school students' sports aesthetic education examinations will be greatly increased, and the sports scores will be directly increased from 50 points to 100 points.


    http://www.bjnews.com.cn/graphic/2020/10/30/783126.html
    Last edited by sharon sanders; October 30, 2020, 09:04 AM.
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