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China: 2021 African Swine Fever

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  • Shiloh
    replied
    Source: https://www.dw.com/en/africa-swine-f...eak/a-59212422

    Africa Swine Fever: Is China downplaying another disease outbreak?
    China might praise its own success in its handling of the COVID-19 pandemic, but it remains quieter about its fight against a rampant African Swine Fever outbreak at home.


    During a teleconference more than two years ago, Chinese Vice-Premier Hu Chunhua urged health authorities to step up efforts to rein in a growing outbreak despite initial "positive results," and suggested that "enhancing quarantine and monitoring" measures would help prevent the spread of the virus.

    Hu's comments came before the discovery of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. Instead, he was referring to a different, far deadlier disease: African Swine Fever (ASF) — an illness that affects pigs.

    Chinese officials first identified ASF in 2018 in Liaoning, a coastal province in China's northeast. Unlike SARS-CoV-2, ASF does not threaten human health. The disease, however, is highly virulent in pigs and mortality rates approach 100%.

    ASF is of particular concern in China, the world's top pork consumer and home to roughly half of the world's pigs. Given the country's enormous pig population, ASF could turn China into a significant reservoir of disease and pose a threat to China's neighbors in the region if it becomes endemic.

    Threats to food security

    This year, China reported 12 ASF cases to the OIE, the intergovernmental body that tracks animal diseases, down from a high of 105 in 2018. Except for a small bump in cases earlier this year, ASF numbers have consistently declined, according to official figures.

    Some industry experts, however, believe that China may be obfuscating African Swine Fever's actual toll on hog herds by under-reporting infection numbers, and painting an artificially rosy picture.

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  • Shiloh
    replied
    China sees another rise in deadly virus among pig herds
    An outbreak that began two years ago appeared to be in check but has surged again in recent weeks.
    By Economist
    September 4, 2021 — 8:00am


    Less than two years ago Chinese officials warned that the spread of a deadly and highly transmissible virus was threatening the country's economic stability and its people's prosperity.

    Curbing the outbreak was a "major political task" said Hu Chunhua, a deputy prime minister and member of the Communist Party's ruling Politburo. He said his instructions on how to tame the disease were to be treated as a "military-style order".

    Hu was speaking in August 2019, months before COVID-19 was identified. He was referring to another virus — the one that causes African swine fever. The disease is harmless to humans but deadly to the pigs that provide one of China's most important sources of food and a livelihood for tens of millions of the country's farmers.

    In contrast with its remarkably effective battle against COVID-19, China has failed to conquer swine fever.

    With one of the world's highest rates of pork consumption, China is normally home to about half of global pig stocks. But its porcine population has been severely affected by a swine fever panzootic (the animal equivalent of a pandemic) that began in 2018 and has threatened herds in many countries.

    It has wrought havoc in the supply of China's staple meat, creating wild swings in the prices of pork and feed grains. Officials say that in 2019 it resulted in the loss of between one-fifth and one-third of the country's pigs from disease or culling.

    That year swine fever cost the industry between $50 billion and $120 billion, according to the Asian Development Bank. In 2020 stocks recovered swiftly. But by late last year infections began to rise again.

    In July, officials said there had been 11 outbreaks of the disease since the beginning of 2021, twice the number reported in the whole of the previous year. The new hot spots are widely separated, with some in the far northeast and others in the southwest.

    Officials hint at the scale of the problem. Efforts to control it, they say, are "complicated." But pig-industry insiders say the government is painting too rosy a picture. "It's out of control," says one. Only a small share of infections are being reported, say executives at several Chinese swine firms...

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  • Shiloh
    replied
    Source: https://www.bnnbloomberg.ca/china-s-...isks-1.1631221

    China’s Deadly Floods Hit Pig Farms and Raise Swine Fever Risks
    Bloomberg News,
    4h ago

    (Bloomberg) -- The heavy rains that pounded Henan province in central China will cause damage to some hog farms in the major pork-producing region and potentially trigger fresh cases of African swine fever.

    Small farmers will be severely affected by the torrential rains and there will be a “significant” short-term impact on logistics, including the transportation of hogs, according to Shanghai JC Intelligence, an agriculture consulting firm.

    A bigger worry is the potential outbreak of African swine fever, said Lin Guofa, a senior analyst at consultancy Bric Agriculture Group. Floods increase the risk of disease as the virus can be found in pig’s blood, feces and tissue. Healthy hogs may be infected through contact with sick pigs or contaminated feed and water.

    While China has largely recovered from the outbreak of African swine fever that started in 2018, the situation remains complicated and a worsening spread could harm the goal of replenishing pork supplies in the top consumer. The nation has reported 11 incidents of the disease this year and the emergence of new strains with milder symptoms and a longer incubation period makes it difficult to identify cases immediately, the farm ministry said Tuesday...

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  • Shiloh
    replied
    Source: https://www.republicworld.com/world-...ll-culled.html

    Last Updated: 19th July, 2021 15:13 IST
    China: Sichuan Province Reports African Swine Fever In Piglet Truck; All Culled
    The Chinese province of Sichuan, announced that it had detected the African swine fever virus in piglets being illegally transported from other provinces.
    Written By
    Riya Baibhawi

    The Chinese province of Sichuan, on Sunday, announced that it had detected the African swine fever virus in piglets being illegally transported from other provinces, but asserted that it does not have any reports of the virus inside the province this year. Since the beginning of this year, large number of swines have died in China’s top hog-producing province after it saw a resurgence of the infection. Experts have raised concern if it could further spread to the country’s south, causing massive repercussions to the largest pork consumer in the world. ...

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  • Shiloh
    replied
    Source: https://www.indiatoday.in/world/stor...221-2021-07-10

    Swine fever surge hits small farms in China's Sichuan
    There have been fresh outbreaks of Swine fever in northern China this year, and there are more strains of the virus circulating.
    Reuters
    Beijing
    July 10, 2021
    UPDATED: July 10, 2021 00:14 IST

    Large numbers of pigs are dying from African swine fever in China's top hog-producing province, say, farmers and analysts, raising concerns it could spread further across the south and slow China's pork production recovery.

    The deadly African swine fever virus wiped out around half of China's huge pig herd during 2018 and 2019 but the country rapidly rebuilt much of the lost stock last year.

    But there have been fresh outbreaks in northern China this year, and there are more strains of the virus circulating.

    Now, southwestern Sichuan province, which produced 48.5 million hogs for slaughter last year, about 9% of the country's total, is also seeing a resurgence of the virus.

    "Recently Sichuan is quite serious,” said Xiao Lin, an analyst at Shenzhen-based Win & Fun investment fund...

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  • Pathfinder
    replied
    Jun 21, 2021 07:51 PM CHINA

    Swine Flu Variants Lead to Mass Outbreaks Across China

    By Du Caicai and Cai Xuejiao

    New, difficult-to-detect variants of the African swine fever virus circulating in China have spread the disease to pig herds across the country this year, leading to rising incidents of mass infection on farms and stepped-up control measures to stop swine fever’s further spread into livestock supply chains.

    Since late last year, provinces including Henan, Shandong, Hebei, Jiangsu and Guangdong, as well as the Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region, have reported new outbreaks. Farms have reported that infected pigs typically show only mild symptoms in the early stages but have a longer incubation period, making it difficult to diagnose the disease before mass infection spreads across farms.
    ...
    Experts are divided over the cause of the new variant or variants. While some domestic researchers say the mutation is the natural result of having circulated in the country over a long period of time, others have argued that the use of unregulated “underground vaccines” may be causing the virus to mutate.
    ...
    https://www.caixinglobal.com/2021-06...101729775.html

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  • sharon sanders
    replied
    bump this

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  • Shiloh
    replied
    Source: https://financialpost.com/pmn/busine...inner-mongolia

    China reports new African swine fever outbreak in Inner Mongolia
    Reuters
    Publishing date:
    Apr 29, 2021 ? 2 hours ago

    BEIJING ? China?s agriculture ministry said on Thursday it had confirmed an outbreak of African swine fever on a farm in the northern region of Inner Mongolia, the 10th outbreak to be reported so far this year.

    The outbreak was detected on a farm near Baotou city of 432 pigs, of which 343 died. Two other outbreaks have recently been reported in Xinjiang, northwest of Inner Mongolia...

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  • Shiloh
    replied
    Source: https://leaderpost.com/pmn/business-...ak-in-xinjiang

    China reports African swine fever outbreak in Xinjiang
    Author of the article:
    Reuters
    Publishing date:
    Apr 05, 2021 ? 32 minutes ago

    SHANGHAI ? China reported an outbreak of African swine fever in Xinjiang region, the agriculture ministry said on Monday.

    The outbreak occurred on a farm of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps with 599 pigs. Thirty-three pigs were infected and six died, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said in a statement. It added that the remaining live pigs in the affected area were culled. (Reporting by Emily Chow)...

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  • bertrand789
    replied
    il est souhaitable d'avoir une vision partag?e, sinon , cela saigne d'un cot? ou de l'autre

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  • Pathfinder
    replied
    Immediate notification
    African swine fever virus (Inf. with) , China (People's Rep. of)


    ...

    DISEASE
    African swine fever virus (Inf. with)

    STARTED ON
    24-03-2021

    ANIMAL TYPE
    TERRESTRIAL

    CONFIRMED ON
    26-03-2021

    REASON
    Recurrence

    CAUSAL AGENT
    African swine fever virus

    ENDED ON
    -

    DISEASE CATEGORY
    OIE-listed

    REPORTED ON
    02-04-2021

    LAST OCCURENCE
    22-03-2019
    ...
    STARTED ON
    25-03-2021
    ...
    APPROXIMATE LOCATION
    Designated temporary animal quarantine spot, Ansha town

    FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    Hunan

    SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    Changsha

    THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    Changsha Xi?n

    GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES
    Lat : 28.4335

    Long : 113.1427
    ...
    SPECIES
    Swine
    SUSCEPTIBLE
    61
    ...
    https://wahis.oie.int/#/report-info?reportId=31496

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  • sharon sanders
    replied
    bump this

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  • Shiloh
    replied
    Source: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-c...-idUSKBN2BO5AV

    April 1, 20217:43 AMUpdated 14 minutes ago
    Analysis: African swine fever inflicts renewed toll on northern China's hog herd
    By Dominique Patton

    BEIJING (Reuters) - A wave of African swine fever outbreaks this year has wiped out at least 20% of the breeding herd in northern China, industry sources and analysts said, exceeding expected losses and raising fears about the potential for further impact in the south.

    The estimates point to the extent of the disease?s resurgence in the first quarter of 2021 after more than a year of declining outbreaks, heralding a significant setback to China?s efforts to replenish its hog herds after African swine fever reached the country in August 2018 and wiped out 50% of the country?s pigs within a year.

    The virus? impact slowed by late 2019 as pig numbers fell and large producers learned to minimise its spread by removing infected pigs from herds early, a process the industry calls ?tooth extraction?...

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  • Shiloh
    replied
    Source: https://www.bnnbloomberg.ca/china-is...iver-1.1580365


    China Is Investigating Heaps of Dead Pigs Along the Yellow River
    Bloomberg News, Bloomberg News

    (Bloomberg) -- Chinese authorities are investigating scores of dead pigs found along a section of the Yellow River, according to a state-backed media report, turning the spotlight back on food and water safety in the country.

    Dozens of pig carcasses were discovered in the Inner Mongolia section of the country?s second-longest river and some were rotting in the water, according to Banyuetan, a magazine run by state news agency Xinhua. Local authorities are investigating the source of the pigs and checking if they carried any disease, in addition to disinfecting the area.

    This isn?t the first time China has found dead pigs in its rivers. In 2013, thousands of dead pigs were discovered in Shanghai?s Huangpu river -- some of which were reported to be infected with porcine circovirus disease -- threatening the region?s water supply..

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  • Shiloh
    replied
    Source: https://www.thechronicleherald.ca/ne...vinces-560479/

    China confirms African swine fever outbreaks in Sichuan, Hubei provinces
    Reuters
    Published: 2 hours ago

    SHANGHAI (Reuters) - China confirmed outbreaks of African swine fever in its key pork producing provinces of Sichuan and Hubei, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said in a statement on Saturday.

    The cases were detected in Aba prefecture in the southwestern province of Sichuan, and the city of Xiangyang in the central province of Hubei.

    The outbreak killed 38 pigs on a farm of 127 hogs in Sichuan, China's largest producing province. In Hubei, the disease was detected on a truck of piglets being transported illegally from another province. Of 165 piglets, 10 were infected, and five had died...

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