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China - Media: African swine fever, avian flu, ravage China, "detonate food security crisis" - December 17, 2018

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  • China - Media: African swine fever, avian flu, ravage China, "detonate food security crisis" - December 17, 2018

    Hog, avian flu, ravage China, detonate food security crisis



    2018-12-17 10:13

    [author / Tang Yulong]

    The swine fever epidemic in mainland China continued to burn, and the avian flu and anthrax epidemics suddenly exploded, and even human cases were infected. Faced with this wave of epidemic and food security crisis, the price of meat in the mainland has risen, the people are not satisfied with food, and neighboring countries are also in danger. Taiwan must not be taken lightly. Pig raging

    Since the first case of the "African swine fever" in mainland China in August 3, 2018, Shanghai, Jiangxi, and Sichuan have fallen into the middle of November, and have expanded to 19 provinces and autonomous regions in China. There are still no outbreaks in Guangdong, Guangxi, and Hainan Island. There are currently 40 cases, and the epidemic continues to expand. A piece of film was broadcasted on the net, and several dead pigs were lying on the road. The blood was bleeding from the mouth and the picture was shocking.
    African swine fever virus can spread through contaminated feed or exposure to infected animals, with a mortality rate of nearly 100% and no vaccine. According to a preliminary analysis by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural China, 60% of the first 21 African swine fever epidemics were caused by feeding drowning. In response to the confirmed cases, the official practices of the CCP are measures such as blockade, culling, harmless treatment, disinfection, etc., a large number of culling and harmless treatment of pig corpses, and prohibiting all pigs and their products from flowing out of the blockade area, and prohibiting pigs from being transported into the blockade area. . Avian flu is on again, and anthrax is sporadic

    The trouble is not that the bird flu epidemic broke out in the mainland at the same time. First, in February this year, the world's first case of human infection with avian influenza H7N4 occurred in Jiangsu. Then, in March, bird flu H5N6 hit Guangxi Guilin, and about 28,000 ducks were killed. After the epidemic, more than 30,000 poultry were culled. At the end of September, A poultry H5N6 bird flu epidemic occurred in Guizhou, affecting approximately 5,300 poultry and nearly 5,000 deaths. At the end of October, the National Health and Health Committee of the Communist Party of China notified a 44-year-old man in Guangxi died of H5N6 infection. From 2014 to now, according to official statistics of the Chinese Communist Party, there have been 22 cases of human infection with the new type A avian influenza H5N6 virus. In addition, sheep and cattle anthracnose broke out in northeastern China and Inner Mongolia this year. The infection is not as serious as that of piglets and bird flu. In early August, 14 people were infected with sheep anthracnose in Heilongjiang, and 8 people in Inner Mongolia were infected with cattle anthracnose. Anthrax is an acute, hot, septic epidemic of infectious diseases caused by Bacillus anthracis. Similarities and differences between swine fever and bird flu

    Comparing hog and avian flu, the two are similar in that they are "highly contagious, highly lethal viral infections". The African swine fever virus strain causes pigs with high fever, no appetite, and acute bleeding of skin and internal organs, and died within 7 days, with a mortality rate of 100%. Highly pathogenic avian influenza is characterized by respiratory abnormalities, enteritis, loss of appetite, collapse and edema. Infectivity and mortality may vary from host to host, and chickens are more likely to die than ducks and geese. Because of their high contagiousness, they often use a large number of culling to block the spread of these two epidemics. The biggest difference between swine fever and avian flu is that avian flu can be transmitted to humans, while African swine fever is not. In addition, certain types of avian influenza have vaccines available, and piglets are not yet vaccinated. As the name suggests, swine fever is different from the host of avian flu. Pig swines infect wild boars and domestic pigs, while bird flu is the case for all birds (poultry and wild birds) that can be infected and re-infected. Moreover, the spread of avian flu is more widespread than that of African swine fever. According to the Animal and Plant Epidemic and Quarantine Bureau of the Agricultural Committee of the Taiwan Executive Yuan, African swine fever is mainly transmitted by contact, which can be transmitted through food waste, arthropods, animal secretions or excreta, vehicles and personnel. In addition to the same epidemic of avian flu, this year's research team at the University of Tokyo and other researchers found that the H7N9 avian influenza virus has the property of spreading through the cough. The CCP refused to provide the United States with H7N9 avian influenza virus samples to develop vaccines. In addition, piglets will be spread by "water drowning". Since the African swine fever virus can exist in chilled pork for 100 days and frozen pork for 1,000 days, if the infected pork products are thrown into the kitchen and then recycled to the pigs, the epidemic will be expanded. The CCP official has ordered that the epidemic should be divided into the farms of its neighboring provinces, and the pigs should be banned from drowning. Other provinces must be boiled at high temperature to feed the pigs, but the epidemic continues to expand. China Food Security Crisis

    Pork accounts for two-thirds of China's meat consumption and consumes about 55 million tons of pork per year. Due to the infection of pigs in 19 provinces and autonomous regions, the number of pigs in these areas has accounted for more than half of the total. As of mid-November, about 70,000 pigs have been slaughtered in the mainland, and the affected areas are in a ?blockade? and no live pigs can be transported across provinces. Since July, the price of live pigs in China has increased by about 25%, and the current price has stabilized. But the New Year is approaching, and the increase in pork demand is bound to raise pork prices. The miserable thing is that consumers can buy other meats as substitutes, but chickens, ducks and geese are also facing the problem of bird flu, which makes people feel uneasy. There mainland netizens said that in fact there is more than outflow of classical swine fever in early March of this year in Shenyang, pig farmers still put these dead pigs to sell, do not know how much to sell, and so many questioned if pigs were slaughtered pigs Whether the corpse is properly disposed of, if it is bought by a blackhearted person, it will return to the market and be processed into meat products. In particular, the swine fever virus can survive in frozen pork products for many years. Once it enters the market, it will not be affected only in mainland China, and even the world will suffer. In Taiwan, the Council of Agriculture in October, November, respectively, in the entry and exit points Kinmen, Taichung found that people carrying the African swine fever virus products; at the same time, Japan also found that Beijing pork sausage brought from Africa are infected with swine fever The dumplings brought by Shanghai are also infected. Hog and bird flu will be a long-term battle African swine fever was first introduced in Kenya in 1921 and then to Europe, South America and Russia. Among them, Brazil spent 7 years to fight the epidemic, Spain spent 35 years before leaving the epidemic. The foot-and-mouth disease in Taiwan was lifted from 1997 to 2018 and it took a full 21 years. Judging from the outbreak of African swine fever in other countries in the past, it is certain that it is difficult for the Chinese mainland to completely extinguish the swine fever in the short term. Hog and bird flu will be a protracted war. If there is another outbreak of pigs in Taiwan, then the painstaking efforts of the past will be wasted. At present, mainland China has actively imported pork from Brazil and Spain; neighboring countries such as Malaysia and the Philippines have announced a ban on the import of Chinese pork to prevent problem pigs from flowing into other countries and expanding the epidemic. Classical swine fever invade Taiwan fear of loss of 150 billion

    Face of mainland China African swine fever epidemic continues to spread, COA vice chairman of Golden City said that the current foot and mouth disease vaccine to stop using the Taiwan at the stage of African swine fever in Taiwan if passed, foot and mouth disease event in 1997 or will once again repeat itself, the whole pig industry collapse once again, estimated loss of more than NT $ 150 billion. Lin Congxian, chairman of the COA, appealed to the Chinese people not to be lucky, to bring meat products back to Taiwan illegally, and to be fined 15,000 yuan. The COA is expected to conduct a national exercise in December, including the sea patrol, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Ministry of National Defense and other inter-ministerial meetings, all of which must participate in concerted efforts to stop the virus from entering Taiwan. In addition, Japan?s second case of swine fever was reported on November 16th. The Anti-inspection Bureau announced on the same day that it suspends the import of Japanese live pigs, pork and related products into Taiwan to avoid the introduction of Japanese swine fever virus and endanger the Taiwanese industry. zhttps://udn.com/news/story/6846/3540630

  • #2
    vu les ruptures de lien ( ce qui n'est pas la premi?re fois ) :

    http://www.rr-asia.oie.int/

    puis dans actu : ​ 12/12/18 Mise ? jour de la situation et informations

    sur la pr?paration et la surveillance de la peste porcine africaine (PPA)

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