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China - 2 outbreaks of African swine fever in farms in Liaoning and Henan provinces

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  • China - 2 outbreaks of African swine fever in farms in Liaoning and Henan provinces

    African swine fever,
    China (People's Rep. of)
    Information received on 03/08/2018 from Dr Zhang Zhongqui, Director General , China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China (People's Rep. of)
    Summary
    Report type Immediate notification
    Date of start of the event 01/08/2018
    Date of confirmation of the event 03/08/2018
    Report date 03/08/2018
    Date submitted to OIE 03/08/2018
    Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
    Causal agent African swine fever virus
    Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
    This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    New outbreaks (1)
    Outbreak 1 Shenbei Street, Shenbei New District, Shenyang, Liaoning
    Date of start of the outbreak 01/08/2018
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Swine 383 47 47 336 0
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Swine 383 47 47 336 0
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Swine 12.27% 12.27% 100.00% 100.00%
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    Epidemiological comments This is the first outbreak of African swine fever in China. The local government launched the African Swine Fever Contingency Plan and Emergency Response Level II, according to the Standards & Protocols for African swine fever. A series of control measures have been taken.
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Movement control inside the country
    • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
    • Screening
    • Quarantine
    • Official destruction of animal products
    • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
    • Stamping out
    • Control of wildlife reservoirs
    • Zoning
    • Disinfection
    • Vaccination prohibited
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • No other measures
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    China Animal Health and Epidemiology Center, National Research center for exotic animal diseases (National laboratory) Swine gene sequencing 03/08/2018 Positive
    China Animal Health and Epidemiology Center, National Research center for exotic animal diseases (National laboratory) Swine real-time PCR 03/08/2018 Positive
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...
    http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=27442
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

  • #2
    Translation Google
    African swine fever is not a zoonotic disease and will not infect people
    - the head of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Veterinary Bureau
    answered questions about the African swine fever epidemic in Shenbei New District, Shenyang


    Date: 2018-08-03 18:12 Author: Source: Agriculture and Rural Department of Public Information Office [font: DaZhong small ] Print

      NEEDHAM, Massachusetts 8 Yue 3 Ri , issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural disease information, Shenyang City, Liaoning Province Shenbei African swine fever outbreak occurred. It is understood that this is the first time in China that an African swine fever has occurred. Regarding the current situation of prevention and control of swine fever in Africa, the reporter interviewed the head of the Veterinary Bureau of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs.   Reporter: Everyone is very concerned about the African swine fever epidemic in Shenbei New District of Shenyang City. At the same time, it is relatively unfamiliar to the animal disease of African swine fever. Can you briefly introduce African swine fever?
      Responsible person: African swine fever is an acute, heat and high-contact animal infectious disease caused by African swine fever virus . It can be infected by pigs of all breeds and ages, with the highest morbidity and mortality. Up to 100% . The World Organisation for Animal Health has listed it as a statutory report on animal diseases, and China has classified it as a class of animal diseases. 1921 Nian Kenya's first reported outbreak of African swine fever, the disease in the last century, 60 into Europe's, 70 's passed in South America, 2007 passed in the Caucasus and Russia. Since 2017 , there have been several African swine fever epidemics in the Russian Far East. The disease is now predominantly prevalent in Africa, Central and Eastern Europe and the Caucasus. Direct contact between healthy pigs and sick pigs or pollutants is the most important route of transmission for African swine fever. Pig bites such as poisonous cockroaches also have the possibility of infecting African swine fever.
      Reporter: Will people infect African pigs?
      Responsible person: African piglets are not ill to people, not zoonotic diseases, which means that the virus will not infect people.
      Reporter: What are the main hazards of African swine fever?
      Responsible person: African swine fever is a serious hazard to pig production. It is understood that the incidence rate is usually between 40% and 85% , and the mortality rate varies depending on the infected strain. Mortality highly pathogenic strain of up to 90 - 100% ; in the middle of the pathogenic strains mortality in adult animals by 20% - 40% between mortality in young animals in the 70% - 80% between The mortality of low pathogenic strains is between 10% and 30% .
      China is a big country for pig breeding and product consumption. The amount of live pigs and stocks account for more than half of the global total. At the same time, pork is the main source of meat protein for residents. Pork consumption accounts for more than 60% of total meat consumption. The degree of scale is low, and the frequency of pigs is high and the number of pigs is high. If spread in the country, it will cause immeasurable losses to China's pig breeding industry.
      Reporter: What kind of response work has China done for African pigs?
      Responsible person: Since the disease was introduced to Russia in 2007 , the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has successively issued the ?Technical Regulations for the Prevention and Control of African Swine Fever (Trial)? and the ?Emergency Plan for African Swine Fever?, which has been repeated in high-risk areas such as the northern border provinces. Organize emergency drills and conduct monitoring throughout the country for many years. In 2017 , after the African swine fever epidemic occurred in Irkutsk Region in the Far East of Russia, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs immediately issued the ?Emergency Notice on Further Strengthening the Risk Prevention of African Swine Fever?, requiring all localities to be alert to the risk of the epidemic and to ensure the risks. Prevent work.
      Recently, after the suspected African swine fever epidemic occurred in Shenbei New District, Shenyang City, Liaoning Province, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs immediately coordinated the China Center for Animal Health and Epidemiology (National Alien Animal Disease Research Center) to carry out diagnostic work and sent a working group to guide the outbreak. Disposal and troubleshooting work. At present, local pigs have been culled and harmlessly treated in the affected areas, a blockade order has been issued to the affected areas, and pigs in the city of Shenyang have been suspended. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has also informed international organizations about this African swine fever. Other related work is being carried out in an urgent and orderly manner in accordance with the requirements of the Emergency Plan and the Technical Specifications for Prevention and Control.
      Reporter: How should pig farms do the prevention and control of African piglets?
      Responsible person: Since there is no vaccine developed in the world that can effectively prevent African swine fever, high temperature and disinfectant can effectively kill the virus, so the biosafety protection of the farm is the key to prevent and control African swine fever.
      First, strict control of personnel, vehicles and susceptible animals into the farm; personnel, vehicles and articles entering and leaving the farm and its production areas must strictly implement disinfection and other measures.
      The second is to keep the pigs as close as possible, and take protective measures to avoid contact with wild boar and blunt soft palate.
      Third, it is strictly forbidden to use pig water or meal waste to feed pigs.
      Fourth, actively cooperate with local animal disease prevention and control institutions to carry out epidemic disease surveillance and investigation, especially the occurrence of piglet vaccination immune failure, unexplained death, etc., should be reported to the local veterinary department in a timely manner.






    http://www.moa.gov.cn/xw/zwdt/201808...03_6155331.htm

    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

    Comment


    • #3
      "Cette ville se situe ? 208 km de la fronti?re nord-cor?enne et se trouve ? 1 300 km du Japon (en ligne droite sur l?eau). En outre, il se situe ? 1 050 km de la fronti?re russe et ? 2 000 km de la fronti?re mongole. "
      https://www.porkbusiness.com/article...er-found-china


      Shenyang City and Shenbei New District strictly carry out culling, disinfection and harmless treatment on infected pigs in epidemic areas and epidemic areas in strict accordance with the requirements of the ?Emergency Plan for African Swine Fever Epidemic Situation?, comprehensively monitor pigs in threatened areas and begin epidemiological investigation. As of 15:00 on August 3, 913 pigs in the epidemic area have all been culled and treated with no impact on environments. The disinfection work is in full swing. At present, various epidemic prevention work is progressing smoothly and the epidemic situation is effectively controlled.

      https://www.swinehealth.org/wp-conte...F-8.3.2018.pdf

      Comment


      • #4
        China Faces Negative Market Impacts from African Swine Fever Outbreak

        Sara Brown
        August 8, 2018 11:59 AM

        More than 8,000 hogs have been culled so far, as China continues emergency inspections at pig farms and livestock markets to control the country?s first African swine fever case, announced this past Friday in the Liaoning province. The outbreak, in a major hog production area, poses a major threat to the Chinese pork industry, reports the Liaoning Daily.

        ?China has approximately half the pigs in the world and this is a pig-dense region of China where this was found,? James Roth, an Iowa State University professor of veterinary medicine, who has helped develop an emergency preparedness plan for the pork industry, told KUNC.
        ...

        https://www.porkbusiness.com/article...fever-outbreak
        "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
        -Nelson Mandela

        Comment


        • #5
          merci,

          aussi longtemps que la cause ne sera pas identifi?e, des tensions , il va y en avoir .


          En g?n?ral ? l'occasion de ce genre de premi?re d?couverte, on peut entrevoir bien des infractions aux r?gles, soit disant, en place.


          Voici un exemple historique fran?ais:

          "Malgr? les mesures sanitaires et douani?res prises ? la fronti?re franco-espagnole, la maladie a ?t? identifi?e en France en avril 1964. A ce jour 5 foyers ont ?t? mis en ?vidence: 1 dans les Basses-Pyr?n?es, 3 dans les Pyr?n?es-Orientales et 1 dans le Finist?re;"

          "Epid?miologie.
          - Il est certain que ces foyers ont pour origine l'introduction clandestine en France de porcs espagnols, trafic qui semble, d'ailleurs, d?j? avoir ?t? la cause de quelques cas de Fi?vre aphteuse au d?but de 1964. ?"



          http://documents.irevues.inist.fr/bi...pdf?sequence=1







          Comment


          • #6
            African swine fever,
            China (People's Rep. of)
            Information received on 10/08/2018 from Dr Zhang Zhongqui, Director General , China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China (People's Rep. of)
            Summary
            Report type Follow-up report No. 2
            Date of start of the event 01/08/2018
            Date of confirmation of the event 03/08/2018
            Report date 10/08/2018
            Date submitted to OIE 10/08/2018
            Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
            Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
            Causal agent African swine fever virus
            Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
            This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
            Related reports Immediate notification (03/08/2018)
            Follow-up report No. 1 (04/08/2018)
            Follow-up report No. 2 (10/08/2018)
            Outbreaks There are no new outbreaks in this report
            Epidemiology
            Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
            • Unknown or inconclusive
            Epidemiological comments After all susceptible animals at the infected point and infected zone were culled and disposed of in an appropriate bio-safety way, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has organized and guided veterinary services of the whole country to conduct an epidemiological survey and emergency surveillance for African swine fever (ASF). Up to 09 August 2018, a total of 261,900 screening sites were investigated and a total of 18,094,300 pigs were screened in our country. Sites included pig farms, markets, slaughterhouses, factories or sites for disposal of animals and animal products. Epidemiological survey and emergency surveillance plan has been issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs. In the key provinces including Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Guangdong, Gansu, Xinjiang, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, an epidemiological survey and emergency surveillance for ASF have been conducted according to the plan. Up to now, no new cases have been found.
            ...
            http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=27533
            "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
            -Nelson Mandela

            Comment


            • #7
              Selon une enqu?te, d?but juillet, la ferme a achet? 45 cochons ? un ?leveur du nom de Wang. Des ?chantillons d'excr?ments de cochons issus de la ferme de M. Wang ont ?t? test?s positifs au virus.

              ...

              Le Liaoning a adopt? des mesures telles que la suspension du transport de cochons de Shenyang vers d'autres parties de la Chine, l'abattage des cochons dans les zones affect?es et la suspension de l'alimentation des cochons avec des r?sidus de cuisine et des d?chets alimentaires


              http://french.china.org.cn/china/txt...413.htm​

              Comment


              • #8
                African swine fever,
                China (People's Rep. of)
                Information received on 16/08/2018 from Dr Zhang Zhongqui, Director General , China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China (People's Rep. of)
                Summary
                Report type Immediate notification
                Date of start of the event 14/08/2018
                Date of confirmation of the event 16/08/2018
                Report date 16/08/2018
                Date submitted to OIE 16/08/2018
                Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
                Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
                Causal agent African swine fever virus
                Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
                This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
                New outbreaks (1)
                Outbreak 1 Economic Development Zone, Zhengzhou, Henan
                Date of start of the outbreak 14/08/2018
                Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
                Epidemiological unit Slaughterhouse
                Affected animals
                Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
                Swine 260 30 30 230 0
                Affected population Infected pigs were legally transported from a live swine market in Heli town, Tangyuan county, Jiamusi city, Heilongjiang Province.
                Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
                Total animals affected
                Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
                Swine 260 30 30 230 0
                Outbreak statistics
                Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
                Swine 11.54% 11.54% 100.00% 100.00%
                *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
                Epidemiology
                Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
                • Legal movement of animals
                Epidemiological comments Strict blockade, disinfection, and movement control measures were conducted in the slaughterhouse. The local government launched the African swine fever contingency plan and emergency response according to the Standard & Protocol for African swine fever. All live pigs and animal products were prohibited to enter and exit the area. Epidemiological survey and screening have been initiated in the Heilongjiang province.
                Control measures
                Measures applied
                • Movement control inside the country
                • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
                • Screening
                • Traceability
                • Quarantine
                • Official destruction of animal products
                • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
                • Stamping out
                • Zoning
                • Disinfection
                • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
                • No treatment of affected animals
                Measures to be applied
                • No other measures
                Diagnostic test results
                Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
                China Animal Health and Epidemiology Center, National Research center for exotic animal diseases (National laboratory) Swine real-time PCR 16/08/2018 Positive
                Future Reporting
                The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
                ...
                http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=27568
                "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                -Nelson Mandela

                Comment


                • #9
                  Selon le Bureau v?t?rinaire et de l'?levage du Heilongjiang, les porcs proviennent d'une entreprise locale. Ils ont ?t? transport?s sur 2.000 km et sont arriv?s ? Zhengzhou le 14 ao?t.

                  http://french.china.org.cn/china/txt...212.htm​

                  Comment

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