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China - Guangdong Province - Winter and spring are high incidence of bird flu Guangzhou Health and Family Planning Commission reminds public

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  • China - Guangdong Province - Winter and spring are high incidence of bird flu Guangzhou Health and Family Planning Commission reminds public

    Translation Google
    December 27, 2017

    Winter and spring are high incidence of bird flu Wei Planning Commission reminded the public:
    Eat less cooked chicken live poultry

    Wu 仞

    Winter and spring are the high incidence of bird flu, Guangzhou Daily All media reporter learned that a few days ago Guangzhou Municipal Health and Family Planning Commission (Joint Office of major diseases prevention and control) organized a major member units of special meetings to Guangzhou City this winter and spring H7N9 epidemic were analyzed Judgment and risk assessment to study the epidemic prevention and control measures in the next phase.

    Prevention and control experts believe that the Guangzhou city this winter and spring H7N9 cases will still maintain the level of distribution, do not rule out the emergence of human cases of other sub-types of bird flu. Preventing bird flu from affecting human beings must be given high priority, especially when it comes to frequent contact with birds and people with low immunity.

    Text / Guangzhou Daily All media reporter Wu Ying correspondent ear Wei Xuan Xuan

    Low immunity to the crowd easily develop into severe disease

    The H7N9 flu, which occurs in humans, is an acute respiratory disease that is clinically characterized by fever, sore throat and cough. It can rapidly progress to severe pneumonia and cause serious illness. Most of the incubation period of the disease within a week, the source of infection is carried by the H7N9 influenza virus in birds, the patient is mainly due to contact with or infected with the virus infected objects.

    Prevention and control experts pointed out that live poultry and the market contaminated by the bird flu virus are the main sources of human bird flu. The live poultry market is a high-risk area under the control of non-restricted live poultry and the implementation of some prevention and control measures. Live poultry market "1110" system implementation, immune coverage of live birds, the immune effect and the implementation of quarantine of live poultry will affect the incidence of H7N9 Guangzhou.

    December 18, city and district health and family planning department joint action, the city's poultry market to implement the "1110" system made a clear and unannounced visits. According to the inspection, most of the poultry markets can implement the "1110" system as required. However, there are still some markets where illegal sale of live poultry (light poultry) or the surrounding live poultry stalls, the incomplete cleaning and disinfection of stalls, and Implementation of live stock zero and other issues.

    Prevention and control experts suggested to strictly implement "1110" system in live poultry market and to strengthen source prevention and control; continue to promote poultry "centralized slaughtering, cold chain distribution, fresh market" and gradually expand restricted areas for live poultry transactions; strengthen monitoring and early warning of risk assessment ; Strengthen fever pneumonia and severe pneumonia cases investigation.

    There is evidence that exposure to live poultry and deactivation of poultry markets are important risk factors for H7N9 infection. Secretions may be the main route of transmission of H7N9 virus through the respiratory tract or direct contact with poultry carrying the virus and its excrement.

    Experts say the H7N9 virus infects humans mainly through aspiration of droplets or droplets containing avian influenza virus, direct contact with birds infected with the bird flu virus or its secretions and excretions, indirect contact with bird flu-contaminated items And the environment.

    Different groups have different countermeasures against bird flu

    City Health Planning Commission introduced two types of people are particularly vulnerable to H7N9 infection: frequent contact with birds and people with lower immunity. The current monitoring found that H7N9 virus particularly like to "bully" the elderly suffering from chronic diseases, as well as pregnant women, children and other less immune "soft persimmons", so these groups in order to protect themselves, try not to go live poultry market.

    For the general population, the most important precautionary measures are to reduce the exposure to live and live poultry markets, to provide personal protection and to develop good hygiene practices. Experts advise, try to avoid contact with livestock; purchased from the formal channels of chilled poultry, edible poultry eggs should be fully cooked and pay attention to raw and cooked separately.

    Citizens should try their best to avoid contact with wild birds or wild bird habitats; stay away from slaughterhouses when playing farmhouse; wash their hands and pay attention to personal hygiene; avoid crowded and air-polluted places, and avoid markets where live poultry are traded in particular ; Reasonable diet daily life, to ensure adequate nutrition and sleep; change clothes in time; take part in outdoor sports activities.

    If you are a poultry lover, we must pay attention to strengthening the feeding and management, improve bird disease resistance; pay attention to health care cage cleaning; cage ventilation to ensure that lofts, cages pay special attention to hygiene, focusing on daily disinfection. Birds kept in the home should avoid contact with the wild birds, once in contact, disinfected the birdcage in time, but also to the animal epidemic prevention department when necessary.

    Avoid contact with birds and their faeces when raising birds or birdwatching and wear gloves when handling their droppings. After touching them or their droppings, both hands must be thoroughly cleaned with soap and water. Bird picking process does not pick up the dead bird, do not eat wild birds.

    As far as poultry practitioners are concerned, they should wear protective clothing and masks and gloves during personal contact with poultry to protect themselves and reduce direct contact with birds. Cleaning poultry houses, to strictly implement the cleaning and disinfection procedures; after cleaning, timely and thorough hand-washing and disinfection; when the body contact with poultry contaminants, but also thoroughly cleaned. When found dead birds, they should promptly notify the local animal quarantine department. When fever, cough, sore throat, general malaise and other symptoms, should go to the fever clinic as soon as possible and take the initiative to inform the doctor's own occupation and premorbid activity history.

    However, poultry processors should always clean and disinfect all work stations, equipment and appliances for poultry processing and should wash their hands frequently. When handling poultry meat to be cooked separately, especially some utensils, containers should also pay attention to raw and cooked separately. Make sure the food is cooked to the proper temperature. The bird flu virus is generally sensitive to heat and strong against low temperatures. It can be inactivated by heating at 65 ? C for 30 minutes or boiling at 100 ? C for more than 2 minutes.

    In addition, fully-cooked poultry is edible, but the virus can survive for 1 week at lower temperatures and maintain its viability for more than 1 year in water at 4 ? C or in the presence of glycerol. At the same time, it is advisable to wear gloves when the hand of the processor is damaged.

    People infected with bird flu Main source:

    Virus contaminated live poultry and the market

    People susceptible to bird flu:

    Often contact with the poultry population, the elderly, pregnant women, children

    Important risk factors for infection:

    Contact live poultry to live the poultry market

    Bird flu prevention guidelines for different groups

    The general population: reduce exposure to live poultry and live poultry market, personal protection, develop good health habits.

    Bird lovers: pay attention to strengthening feeding and management, improve bird disease resistance.

    Poultry workers: Wear protective clothing, face masks and gloves to protect yourself and reduce direct contact with birds.

    Poultry processors: Always clean and disinfect all work stations, equipment and appliances for poultry preparation and wash their hands frequently.

    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela