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  • Costa Rica - Cases - 560 - Dead - 15

    Health experts were investigating a case of the virus jumping from a person to pigs, trying to determine if the disease was reaching a new stage.

    Hong Kong kept 350 people under quarantine in a hotel as a precaution even though no new swine flu infections appeared in Asia, and Egypt's attempt to kill all pigs as a precaution against the disease prompted pig owners to clash with police who were helping to seize their animals for slaughter.

    So far the swine flu epidemic has killed 19 in people in Mexico and one toddler in the United States and has spread to 18 countries worldwide — but experts believe the actual spread is much wider.

    Mexico's health secretary said 11 people were suspected to have died from the virus in the previous 24 hours. The alarming news came after the epidemic's toll in Mexico appeared to have been leveling off.

    The global caseload was nearing 800 and growing — the vast majority in Mexico, the United States and Canada. Colombia on Sunday reported South America's first confirmed case of swine flu a day after Costa Rica reported the first in Central America.

    The Spanish Health Ministry said the country now has 40 confirmed cases of swine flu — making it the European nation hardest hit by the virus. It said most of the victims have already recovered. All but two had recently visited Mexico.

    Britain, Italy and Germany also reported new cases.

    But just more than a week into the outbreak, the virus largely remains an unpredictable mystery.

    Hong Kong — which was criticized for delaying quarantine measures during the SARS outbreak — sealed the downtown Metropark Hotel, where a sickened Mexican tourist had stayed, trapping 350 guests and employees inside.

    About a half dozen police officers wearing masks guarded the hotel Sunday, even though all those at the hotel were reported to be healthy. One guest said he walked on the stairs for exercise and to alleviate boredom.

    "It's highly inconvenient. That's what's affecting people, because it took us by surprise," said 45-year-old Kevin Ireland, who was on a business trip from New Delhi, India.

    Scientists warn that the virus could mutate into a deadlier form.

    "Influenza is unpredictable," said Dr. Tim Uyeki, an epidemiologist at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention who has worked on SARS and H5N1 bird flu outbreaks. "There are so many unanswered questions. This is a brand new virus. There's so much we don't know about the human infectious with this virus."

  • #2
    Re: Costa Rica Suspected/Confirmed H1N1 2009

    <table border="0" cellpadding="5" width="452"><tbody><tr><td width="442" height="54">Deadly Flu Reaches Costa Rica
    </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="style156 style208" valign="top" height="25">But health officials say they’re prepared
    </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="style20" valign="top" height="25"> By Vanessa I. Garnica and Chrissie Long
    Tico Times Staff | |

    </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="style156" valign="top" height="1149"> Containing the rare strain of influenza virus that has caused 92 deaths in Mexico per the Mexican Secretary of Health – and up to 149 per media reports – is virtually impossible, Costa Rican officials said this week.
    <table class="style101" align="right" border="0" width="200"> <tbody><tr> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td>Preparing for a Pandemic: Costa Rican Red Cross worker Diego Paniagua and an ambulance are geared up for potential influenza A (H1N1) cases. </td> </tr> <tr> <td>
    Nick Coté | Tico Times
    </td> </tr> </tbody></table>
    Dozens of possible cases are surfacing in countries around the world, including two confirmed cases here in Costa Rica, as countries scramble to initiate emergency preparedness plans.
    “In a world as interconnected as our own, in which millions of people fly from one place to another every day, in which the daily life of everyone transpires in concurrent places like schools, work or public transport, controlling the proliferation of this virus is practically impossible,” President Oscar Arias said in a televised press conference on Wednesday, one day after his administration decreed the disease a national emergency.
    On Wednesday, the World Health Organization (WHO) raised the influenza pandemic alert from Level 4 to Level 5, out of six possible levels, signaling that “a pandemic is imminent.”
    Costa Rica health officials are responding by following steps outlined in an April 2008 pandemic influenza plan, which include heightened surveillance, early detection and treatment, and infection control.
    Flu Surfaces in Costa Rica
    <table class="style101" align="right" border="0" width="200"> <tbody><tr> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td>Masked Men: Ricardo Rodríguez and Manuel Quesada, workers at Juan Santamaría International Airport in Alajuela, are using facemasks after the outbreak of swine flu in the country. </td> </tr> <tr> <td>
    Ronald Reyes | Tico Times
    </td> </tr> </tbody></table>
    On Tuesday evening, Costa Rica became the first Central American nation to preliminarily confirm two cases of the so-called swine flu.
    Yet, the Costa Rican Nutrition and Health Research Institute (INCIENSA), which is arrying out preliminary testing of suspect ed cases, lacks the primers needed to confirm whether a person is in fact infected with the Influenza A(H1N1) virus.
    Health Vice Minister Ana Cecilia Morice said on Wednesday the Health Ministry is expecting to receive primer kits from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) by Friday to be able to better detect the disease in Costa Rica.
    The country identified more than 50 suspected cases of the virus among individuals exhibiting its symptoms (high fever, stuffy nose, body aches), but are still investigating whether it's the same strand that killed dozens in Mexico.
    Both persons carrying the virus in Costa Rica – a 21-year-old woman and a 28-year-old man – are now in stable condition. They have been instructed by health officials to isolate themselves and remain in their homes.
    At press time, the results from these two suspected cases had not been officially confirmed by the CDC.
    After health officials learned the two victims flew from Mexico to Costa Rica on two separate flights over the weekend, they asked that all passengers who traveled on those flights (Mexicana Airlines flight 387, which arrived Friday from Mexico, and TACA Airlines flight LR 631, which arrived from Mexico Saturday) to report to the nearest hospital or other health centers.
    “We have contacted a great number of these passengers but not all of them,” Morice said on Wednesday morning.
    By the Numbers
    As doctors around the world identify flu symptoms and report suspected cases to their governments, the numbers fluctuate on an hourly basis.
    Yet, with modern technology such as Internet and satellite phones, health organizations have been able to launch a worldwide effort in containing the disease.
    “For the first time in history, we can track the evolution of a pandemic in real-time,” said WHO Director-General Dr. Margaret Chan in a statement Wednesday.
    As of press time on Thursday, 11 countries had officially reported 257 confirmed cases of Influenza A(H1N1), also known as swine flu.
    The United States confirmed 109 cases with one fatality, while Mexico reported 97 confirmed cases, including seven deaths, according to WHO.
    However, the Mexican Secretary of Health is reporting much higher numbers with nearly 2,000 suspected cases, 286 probable cases and 99 confirmed cases, including the 92 deaths.
    WHO listed seven other countries with confirmed cases, but no deaths, including Austria (1), Canada (19), Germany (3), Israel (2), Netherlands (1), New Zealand (3), Spain (13), Switzerland (1) and the United Kingdom (8).
    One Flu-id Response
    Last Saturday, Costa Rican health and immigration officials began efforts to locate any suspected cases around the nation, primarily focusing their operations on flights arriving from Mexico at Juan Santamaría International Airport in Alajuela, northwest of San José, and at the Liberia International Airport, in the northwestern Guanacaste province.
    Health officials have instructing aircrews to keep a close watch on passengers for any possible flu-like symptoms and report suspected cases to immigration authorities immediately after landing.
    On Sunday, airport personal extended the measures to all international flights, not just ones arriving from Mexico, Immigration Director Mario Zamora told The Tico Times this week.
    By Monday night, the Health Ministry had briefed all medical personnel around the country on the protocol to be followed when a suspected case is detected. Hospitals and clinics were instructed to have a designated area for suspected cases and to isolate such patients from the rest of the population.
    “Today I want to assure you that I have full confidence in the capacity of our country to be a leader in this health emergency,” Arias said. “No nation in the world, even the most developed, can avoid (this) virus. But an organized country, a country with a health system like Costa Rica, can defeat this epidemic (and ensure) it doesn't have severe consequences.”
    Red Cross volunteers have been pulled in to examine passengers suspected to be carrying the virus.
    Wearing protective gear – including bright yellow coverall, rubber boots, goggles, mask and two sets of gloves – these volunteers determine whether passengers should be transported to the hospital.
    To further assist Red Cross volunteers, medical teams from the Costa Rican Social Security System (Caja), have been working at Juan Santamaría Airport in round-the-clock, 10-hour shifts since Tuesday.
    Fighting Flu from the Home Front
    Buffered by $5 million it hopes to draw from its own coffers, the Health Ministry is putting the structure in place to prevent a pandemic here.
    The requested money, which has to be approved by the Comptroller General, will be used to pay staff overtime, cover transportation costs and reimburse other expenses incurred in the effort to contain the virus.
    While no vaccines have been found that specifically prevent this strand of influenza, WHO officials say they've identified two classes of medicine to treat it once it surfaces.
    In Costa Rica , medical personnel are equipped with Tamiflu and Fluvir (the commercial names for the medication), with supplies to treat a little fewer than 5,000 persons.
    Eduardo Doryan, executive president of the Social Security System (Caja), assured residents in a statement that this is a sufficient amount of antiviral medication to confront the sickness.
    Medical personnel have also been equipped with the proper tools to keep themselves from becoming infected, he said.
    What's in a Name?
    This rare strain of influenza has a human component, a swine component and an avian component, Morice told reporters this week. So even though the virus is widely called swine flu, it is not a virus that has been transmitted from pig to pig, but rather from human to human.
    Although many health institutions, government agencies and other news organizations have dubbed this new virus strain “swine flu,” some agricultural and medical experts say the reference is simply inaccurate.
    The push to correct the use of “swine flu” also stems from pork manufacturers or distributers, who want to prevent unwarranted, mass bans on their product.
    Eric Hoffman, agricultural specialist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) office in Costa Rica, said this (H1N1) virus is not a “swine flu” outbreak, but rather, “humans affected by a virus that has characteristics of swine, avian and human influenza.”
    Morice agreed, saying the virus “has not been transmitted in the Americas from pig to pig, or from pig to human but rather from human to human.”
    Some government officials, such as from Nicaragua and from Costa Rica's Agriculture and Livestock Ministry, have referred to the virus as the “North American Influenza,” noting the geographic origin of the epidemic as the main reason for that latter name.
    The WHO changed its official references to the virus as influenza A(H1N1) on Thursday.
    Status of Animals
    Costa Rica's National Animal Health Service (SENASA) is conducting a strict surveillance of the avian and swine populations nationwide, Eduardo Vicente, SENASA director, told The Tico Times.
    Over the weekend, this institution called and visited 1,200 farms across the country to confirm if any member of the swine and avian populations were showing symptoms for respiratory disease.
    According to Vicente, there were no positive cases reported by farmers, while SENASA continues to monitor birds and pigs in the upcoming days.
    “I can say with 95 percent certainty that the animal population has not been affected by this virus,” Vicente explained. “People in Costa Rica can eat their pork meat without any problems. If there were any risk, I would be the first one to say so.”
    SENASA had no plans to stop pork meat imports from the affected countries such as the United States.
    Tico Times reporter Meagan Robertson contributed to this story.


    • #3
      Re: Costa Rica Suspected/Confirmed H1N1 2009

      Just did a search on FT and can't find any mention of the fact there's been a death in Costa Rica already....sorry if this is a repeat news flash.

      He or she had a vague "underlying medical condition" as usual...

      Developments on swine flu worldwide

      By The Associated Press – 52 minutes ago

      Key developments on swine flu outbreaks, according to U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, World Health Organization and government officials:

      _Deaths: Global total of 75 — 68 in Mexico, five in U.S., one in Canada and one in Costa Rica. Officials said Canadian, U.S. and Costa Rican victims also had other medical conditions.

      _Confirmed cases: WHO says 39 countries have reported total of 8,480 cases, mostly in U.S. and Mexico.

      _CDC says 46 U.S. states plus District of Columbia have combined 4,714 confirmed and probable cases. Most probable cases are eventually confirmed.

      _Japan said Sunday that its confirmed cases rose to 44, from just five one day earlier. Japan earlier confirmed its first case of swine flu caught within the country, showing that effort to block flu at its borders had failed.

      _A New York City assistant school principal was hospitalized in critical condition with the virus. He worked at one of six schools that are closed for a week because of rash of suspected cases.

      _Turkey's health officials said the virus was detected in a man and his mother who had traveled to Istanbul from the U.S.


      • #4
        Re: Costa Rica Suspected/Confirmed H1N1 2009

        here is a bit more about the man who died:

        SAN JOSE, Costa Rica, May 9 (Reuters) - Costa Rica's Health Ministry said a 53-year-old man died on Saturday infected with the new H1N1 flu strain, the fourth country to report a death of someone ill with the virus that has sickened more than 4,200 people around the world.

        The man also had diabetes and asthma, Maria Trejos, a spokeswoman for the Health Ministry, told Reuters. Doctors at the Health Ministry said they will have to wait for autopsy results to determine if the death was from the flu or complications caused by his other illnesses. (but there will be no autopsy - see article below)

        "His case was confirmed by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention," Trejos said, adding that the Central American country now has 8 confirmed cases of the flu strain including the man who died.


        A 53 year old man, a musician from San Antonio de Coronado, is the first fatality from the swine flu. The ministra de Salud, María Luisa Ávila, confirmed that the man died at 0:20am Saturday.

        The ministra explained that the virus caused pneumonia and despite treatment, the man, identified as Manuel de Jesús Arévalo Ramírez, did not surive.

        Salud officials say that Ramírez had come into contact with 51 others, of which three children were infected, while the rest were cleared by health officials. Of the three children, only had to be hospitalized, where she remains still, while the rest are recovering.

        Ramírez, a father of six children and grandfather to 7, had been admitted to the Calderón Guardia hospital since last week. Ministra Avila said that his health deteriorated over the last several days, due to his diabets and lung disease.

        The Costa Rican fatality was one of eight swine flu cases in the country confirmed by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The man, along with another six were on the "probables" list awaiting confirmation by the CDC, which came late last week. Until then the CDC had confirmed only one case.

        The ministra de Salud said they are not sure how the man became infected. He, like the others confirmed, have either or suspected to have recently travelled to Mexico or have been in contact with someone who has.

        Many flu sufferers have been linked to recent trips to the United States or Mexico.

        Ministra Avila sad that there are no new confirmed cases, however, the number of suspected cases has risen. As of yesterday, there were 774 reported suspicions since the outbreak on April 24, of which 583 have been discarded and 183 are under evaluation.

        The death of the first case of swine flu fatality will go without an autopsy, as pathologists of the Calderón Guardia did not perform one before handing over the man's body to the family for burial.

        Rosa Climent, medical director of the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social (CCSS) explained that there is an agreement between the hospital and CCSS management to inform the ministerio de Salud and for recommendations on the handling of the body. Climent confirmed that this was not done.

        The ministra said that, though not essential, an autopsy would have given provided information to the world health community.


        • #5
          Re: Costa Rica Suspected/Confirmed H1N1 2009

          This is two articles today out of CS that indicate a new case and the use of tamiflu. The second article indicate that a US choir who was visiting is being blamed for more suspect cases.

          therapy stops the advance of the symptoms
          100 ticos use drug against influenza AH1N1
          Antiviral is prescribed single to near patients, their contacts and personal of health
          CCSS distributed to 2,000 treatments to hospitals and regional seats
          Marcela Stonecutter |
          About one hundred Costa Ricans receive antiviral treatment to contain the symptoms caused by the new type of influenza AH1N1.
          This group is conformed by patients who contracted the influenza (its near contacts, like relatives) and personnel of health in risk of acquiring the virus.
          All of them take the antiviral to oseltamivir (Tamiflu, by its commercial name).
          This he is one of both antivirales treatments that proved to be effective to contain the advance of the virus in the organism, and to reduce the symptoms of badly, like the fever.
          This drug is not sold in the country; single it is obtained by prescription of a doctor of the Costa Rican Box of Seguro Social (CCSS).
          Altogether, the organization counts on 15,000 treatments, of which it sent 2,000 to hospitals and regional addresses of the organization in all the national territory.
          “The use of the antiviral is restricted because we do not want that the population uses it indiscriminately and the virus becomes resistant to this therapy”, said the medical manager of the Box, Rosa Climent.
          It added that, for that reason, single the therapy to patients with a confirmed influenza AH1N1, to their contacts near and the personnel of health is administered that is in risk of contracting the infection.
          So that the medicine has desired effect, it must be administered within the 48 following hours to the appearance of the first symptoms.
          “In these cases, the consequences of the influenza, like the high temperature of the patient, are reduced drastically in the following hours”, added the manager.
          It detailed that the antiviral is not administered to the patients who reported his first symptoms in a term greater than 48 hours.
          “The medicine does not have any desired effect in these cases, but the doctor can evaluate if he is better to administer it”, Climent said.
          The specialist clarified that most of the symptoms presented/displayed until now they have been slight.

          Registry of an epidemic
          Deaths 1
          Probable 9
          Confirmed 8
          Suspects 120
          First victim was a musician of Coronado, San jOse.
          Confirmed by examinations of It insences and CDC.
          Lack confirmation by specific test for virus AH1N1.
          To the delay of results of tests of It insences and CDC.

          Two professors, suspects of badly
          Health watches two schools over cases of influenza AH1N1
          There are nine confirmed cases and eight probable ones to corroboración delay
          An agriculturist of Carthage and a girl of Heredia are the most recent cases
          Marcela Stonecutter |
          The Ministry of Health watches the health of educational students and of two josefinos schools - one private and one public, nocturnal because two of their educators contracted new influenza AH1N1.
          So far, there are no information of which the students present/display symptoms of badly, informed the vice-minister into Health, Ana Morice.
          “The personnel of Health visited the schools to give information and it is not necessary to suspend the classes because these two professors already surpassed the symptoms of the disease”, Morice added.
          Both educational ones had contact with the choir of Boston (the United States) whose singers became ill of influenza AH1N1.
          For that reason, Health reinforced the measures in both institutions in case suspicious cases arise.
          Until yesterday, the country registered nine confirmed cases of the influenza, one of which already passed away.
          In addition to the confirmed ones, there are eight probable cases of badly, among them both professors.
          Of the these last, both most recent ones they correspond to an agriculturist of Carthage and a girl of 9 years, neighbor of Heredia.
          Health still looks for the source of I infect of these two people because neither the agriculturist nor the minor had contact with visitors of Mexico or the United States, where circulates virus AH1N1.

          Grandmother Stonecoat


          • #6
            Re: Costa Rica Suspected/Confirmed H1N1 2009

            Just for continuity to the previous article I posted where Costa Rica was blaming the choir from the US on the swine flu; that school had 3 students return from their with swine flu and the school reported that they are now over it. This story is from 5/13 is pertinent to this story.

            Costa Rica Blames Chorus For Spreading Flu

            Costa Rican Salud (health) officials are questioning how four people who came in contact with the Canti Mundi chorus from Massachusetts may now have the AH1N1 virus, or swine flu.

            It is still not clear whether some Canta Mundi chorus members contracted the illness while there, or if they brought it with them, because the three people who had a mild form of H1N1 showed symptoms after their return to the United States

            The Spanish-language daily, La Nacion, reported Wednesday that four Costa Ricans have been added to the "probables" of infected , including the driver and owner of a tour bus that carried Canta Mundi, and two family members of a 13-year-old girl who also came in contact with the group.

            Donald Thea, an infectious disease specialist at Boston University School of Public Health and father of a Canta Mundi chorus member, went on the Costa Rica trip and is waiting for test results on whether he has the virus.

            “I have not been confirmed and I don’t know if I ever will be,” he said. It was found to be influenza-positive, but additional H1N1 testing has not been done.”

            In Costa Rica those on the "probables" list are confirmed to be infected by local health authorities, awaiting final confirmation by the the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta.

            Costa Rica has had eight confirmed cases of the AH1N1 flu, one of the confirmed dying last Saturday, the first death recorded in Costa Rica, after complications with pneumonia and diabetes.

            The other confirmed are of have all recovered.

            Costa Rica's ministra de Salud, Maria Luisa Avila, asked on Monday that anyone who was in contract with the chorus should contact health officials

            The chorus travelled the country from April 17 to 28, during Lexington High School’s spring break. The group traveled to Costa Rica to give concerts and donate musical instruments to schools that did not have any.

            Group director Brian O’Connell has said some members returned home feeling ill.


            2002 - 2009 INSIDECOSTARICA.COM.2133-1000 San José, Costa Rica
            E-Mail: Telephone: (506) 8845 5800 / (506) 2231 3205 Fax: (506) 2232 6337
            For more information on this website contact:

            Grandmother Stonecoat


            • #7
              Re: Costa Rica Suspected/Confirmed H1N1 2009


              Suman 9 confirmed and 13 probable
              Costa Rica native detected two cases of A (H1N1)

              Despite the free movement of the virus in the country, their presence is "very harmful"
              José Leonel Mendoza
     - Costa Rica - 11:17 - 19/05/2009

              The health authorities of Costa Rica identified at least two indigenous cases of human influenza virus, ie, that have occurred inside the country without the victim has had contact with a foreign patient, although officials have not yet been determine the chain of transmission.

              Of the two new cases reported, one of them is a young department of Carthage and the other is a teenager of 13 years in Heredia. "Both, although we were unable to link with a chain known, we could already say that indigenous cases in the community," stressed the Minister of Health, María Luisa Ávila. These new 9 affected total positive cases (one deceased) and 13 probable.

              In this situation, the official acknowledged that the transmission of the virus is no longer limited by foreigners but that inner circle. It also asserted that despite its presence in the communities "the virus is highly localized to family groups. We have a fairly localized circulation, indicating that the country is doing a proper role of containment, "he explained.

              He added that more than a thousand suspected cases, 900 were rejected, 126 are awaiting the results of the Costa Rican Institute for Research and Education in Health and Nutrition (incense) and 13 were confirmed by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta.


              • #8
                Re: Costa Rica Suspected/Confirmed H1N1 2009


                Wednesday, May 20, 2009 / 10:37 h
                Increases to 20 cases of influenza A in Costa Rica

                San Jose / dpa

                The number of cases of people infected with the virus of influenza A (H1N1) in Costa Rica increased to 20, government authorities reported today.

                Eleven new cases were added to nine others who were already confirmed, said the health minister Maria Luisa Avila.

                Meanwhile, the Costa Rican health authorities remained on alert and constant monitoring, before the discovery of the first two "native" of influenza A disease that killed one person in the country.

                Cases are called "native" when the evil become infected by the spread of the virus in the environment and not by exposure to another ill person.

                The new cases of influenza A were confirmed by the Minister of Health.

                The minister explained that the virus circulating in two communities in the country, did so "with a very low rate of attack."

                Since the outbreak of new influenza virus, the authorities investigated more than a thousand cases of suspected infection.


                • #9
                  Costa Rica 25 total cases of influenza A and denied entry to U.S. military

                  [Google Translation]

                  Costa Rica 25 total cases of influenza A and denied entry to U.S. military

                  Published by admin on May 21, 2009 and archived in National News. You can follow any responses through RSS 2.0. You can leave a comment or trackback to this post.

                  Since a few weeks ago, Costa Rica established a requirement for entry into the country to fill out a questionnaire on health status, to determine if visitors have symptoms of influenza A. Reuters / File

                  San Jose, 21 may (EFE) .- The Ministry of Health reported today that the confirmed cases of influenza A total of 25, 3 more than the previous report, and stated that was refused entry to the country of 180 U.S. soldiers aboard a frigate because they did not want to disclose their health status .

                  The ministry said that 25 Costa Ricans have become ill with the virus AH1N1 two remain highly probable and 124 are under consideration , a total of more than 1,000 samples have been analyzed as suspicious.

                  Most of these tests have yielded negative results and only one reported fatality.

                  Moreover, the Health Minister Maria Luisa Avila confirmed that the local press last Tuesday he was denied entry into the country to 180 Marines, who do not obey the order to fill in a form who can vouch for his health .

                  Since a few weeks ago, it was established as a requirement for entry into the country to fill out a questionnaire on health status, to determine if visitors have symptoms of influenza A.

                  The soldiers, who perform joint actions against drug trafficking at sea, are in a port in the Caribbean aboard their boat and had planned to do some social work in the town of Limon before sailing today.

                  The American Embassy in San José said that international treaties state that personal information is not shared by the military and regretted that they are unable to perform social work in the community.

                  A flu so far left 75 dead and 3817 sick in Mexico, while U.S. 9 confirmed deaths and 5764 affected by this disease in 48 states.

                  These cases add a death in Canada and one in Costa Rica also submitted hundreds of patients in over 30 countries worldwide.


                  • #10
                    Re: Costa Rica Suspected/Confirmed H1N1 2009


                    33 confirmed cases of influenza A H1N1 in Costa Rica

                    SAN JOSE, Costa Rica, may 25 --

                    The Ministry of Health reported a total of 33 cases of influenza A H1N1 in the country, while another 1174 have already been discarded and found negative.

                    According to the Minister of Health explained, María Luisa Ávila, the Spanish newspaper El Nuevo Herald, 103 other cases are still awaiting the results of laboratory tests, and involving 11 children, all peers in a public primary school .

                    In this regard, the Minister Avila said that "fortunately, more than 90% of cases are discarded, so for now there is likely to have colds or flu than the other H1N1 viruses."

                    Costa Rica 32 days ago declared national epidemiological alert for influenza A H1N1. So far only one death has been reported by this contagious viral disease.

                    LATAM: Report


                    • #11
                      Re: Costa Rica Suspected/Confirmed H1N1 2009


                      Costa Rica confirms 13 new cases of A/H1N1 flu
                      + -
                      09:00, June 02, 2009
                      Costa Rican Health Minister Maria Luisa Avila said on Monday that the country has confirmed 13 new cases of the A/H1N1 flu, bringing the total to 50.

                      Avila said that eight other possible cases are being analyzed.

                      Avila said that the number of confirmed cases is large, but lower to other Latin American countries like Chile, Panama and Argentina.

                      Avila said that the new cases are stable, even the 28-year-old patient who was hospitalized.

                      That patient had asthma, "for that reason he was hospitalized and he needed artificial breathing assistance, but he is out of risk now. The plate we took him was horrible, completely white, which meant a severe pneumonia," Avila said.

                      Costa Rican authorities have analyzed more than 1,600 possible cases, from them 90 percent have been discarded.

                      Costa Rica was the fourth country in the world reporting a death due to this deadly virus.

                      Source: Xinhua


                      • #12
                        Re: Costa Rica Suspected/Confirmed H1N1 2009

                        Costa Rica reports 18 new cases of A/H1N1 flu

                        SAN JOSE, June 3 (Xinhua) -- Costa Rica on Wednesday reported 18 new confirmed cases of A/H1N1 influenza, bringing the total number of infections to 68.

                        Among the 68 cases, 48 are not infectious, 11 have been relieved from quarantine, and the other nine patients are still quarantined, according to Costa Rican Health Minister Maria Luisa Avila.

                        One man, 28, are in hospital and in a stable condition, Avila said.

                        So far, Costa Rica has registered 1,575 suspected cases of the disease, 1,379 of which were dismissed. It has reported one death from the A/H1N1 virus.



                        • #13
                          Re: Costa Rica 83 Confirmed A/H1N1


                          More than 80 cases of influenza A H1N1 reported Costa Rica

                          • Hand washing is the only constant that can curb this epidemic dry
                          • New cases reported in San Jose and Heredia

                          Patricia Jimenez
                          Updated 1:20 p.m.
                          June 05, 2009

                          In the past 3 days have been reported 15 new cases of influenza AH1N1 in the country.

                          That means there are 83 confirmed cases in addition to the 2 probable.

                          According to health authorities, the new cases reported in San Jose and Heredia.

                          Indeed there are 2 confirmed cases in a school in Los Guido Desamparados.

                          The authorities made a new call for people to extreme measures of personal hygiene, as well as in homes and workplaces.

                          Good handwashing is the only constant that can curb this epidemic dry.


                          • #14
                            Re: Costa Rica: Confirmed A/H1N1- 93


                            Google translation:

                            Costa Rica recorded 93 cases of swine flu
                            The Associated Press

                            SAN JOSE - Costa Rica on Monday reported 93 confirmed cases of swine flu in the country, 25 more than the last report of the Ministry of Health on Wednesday.

                            "The attack rate is highest in the group of 20 to 29 years, followed by children (0 to 9 years) while 72.3% of the cases were located in less than 30 years. The impact on women is slightly higher than in males and the group of 50 years and over is submitting the lowest attack rate, "explained the health ministry said in a statement.

                            The authorities stressed that "there is steady increase of cases because the indigenous movement is contained."

                            "Although the country has already been reported and confirmed indigenous cases, transmission of the virus is still limited to people who have been in close and prolonged contact with infected people. The shares have managed to contain the virus by preventing fence to give a sustained community transmission, "the ministry.

                            Local laboratories performing the tests have ruled out 1756 samples, eight patients remain as probable and 106 people are awaiting the necessary examinations to ratify if the virus were infected by influenza A H1N1, also known as swine flu.

                            The country was attributed to an early death in May to the virus.


                            • #15
                              Re: Costa Rica: Confirmed A/H1N1- 100 +

                              Costa Rica with more than 100 cases of swine flu

                              Wednesday, 10 June 2009

                              Costa Rica on Wednesday joined 11 new confirmed cases of swine flu at 93 reported that two days ago, said the Ministry of Health. Another 10 patients were treated as probable cases pending the outcome of laboratory tests and 114 tests are pending.

                              "The age group most often affected are young people 29 years or less (76%). The vast majority of confirmed or probable cases have mild symptoms and this time not reported any case of gravity," the ministry explained in a statement.

                              The H1N1 influenza A viruses of swine flu, has caused a single death in the country, a man of 53 years in early May.

                              He stressed that the transmission of the virus is maintained between people who have been in close and prolonged contact with other patients.

                              The ministry indicated that it has requested the closure of schools, but confirmed that some private schools took the decision on its own account.

                              He added that such measures "should not be taken based on fear" and stressed that "in a health alert that can take up to 22 months, premature closure of the only centers entails delays in education and helps to increase the unnecessary panic" .

                              “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                              Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

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