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Dominican Republic - Outbreaks of avian flu H5N2 detected

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  • Dominican Republic - Outbreaks of avian flu H5N2 detected



    jan 16, 2019

    Santo Domingo. The Dominican Minister of Agriculture, Osmar Benitez, today confirmed the appearance of two outbreaks of avian influenza in the Espaillat province (northeast), but said that this virus does not affect humans.

    Outbreaks of the disease, subtype H5N2, were detected in the localities of Corozo and Quebrada Honda, according to the official's statements.
    Through the Twitter of the Ministry of Agriculture, Benitez explained that the national regulations and the international protocol will be followed to establish a quarantine of the two affected areas.


    He also reported that he met yesterday with chicken producers in the municipality of Moca, belonging to Espaillat, to discuss this issue.


    wikipedia
    Aparecieron en las localidades de Corozo y Quebrada Honda.
    “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
    Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

    ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

  • #2
    Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry),
    Dominican Republic
    Information received on 24/01/2019 from Dra Nimia Lissette Gómez Rodríguez, Directora, Dirección de Sanidad Animal Dirección General de Ganadería (DIGEGA), Ministerio de Agricultura, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
    Summary
    Report type Immediate notification
    Date of start of the event 02/11/2018
    Date of confirmation of the event 29/11/2018
    Report date 24/01/2019
    Date submitted to OIE 24/01/2019
    Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence 27/06/2018
    Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    Causal agent Low pathogenic avian influenza virus
    Serotype H5N2
    Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
    This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    New outbreaks (1)
    Outbreak 1 Puerto Plata, Cayacoa, Luperón, Puerto Plata
    Date of start of the outbreak 02/11/2018
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 1126 773 745 136 217
    Affected population Backyard birds (hens, ducks, turkeys and guinea fowls).
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 1126 773 745 136 217
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Birds 68.65% 66.16% 96.38% 97.51%
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
    • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
    • Quarantine
    • Official destruction of animal products
    • Selective killing and disposal
    • Slaughter
    • Vaccination prohibited
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • Movement control inside the country
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds agar-gel immunodiffusion (AGID) 29/11/2018 Positive
    Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds haemagglutination inhibition test (HIT) 29/11/2018 Positive
    Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 17/12/2018 Positive
    Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds virus isolation 07/01/2019 Positive
    National Veterinary Services Laboratories, USA (OIE Reference Laboratory) Birds virus sequencing 31/12/2018 Positive
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...
    http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=29149
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

    Comment


    • #3
      January 23, 2019 |

      Bird flu outbreak: a veil of secrecy shrouds poultry producers

      Santo Domingo.- A veil of secrecy has shrouded Dominican Republic’s poultry producers over the outbreak of bird flu detected in northern Espaillat province, on fear of stating a position after Agriculture minister Osmar Benítez confirmed its presence in that area.
      On Tues. Agriculture Ministry said its officials and poultry sector representatives met to establish a protocol to deal with the cases and contain the virus. “We have already defined a work plan in that sense and we want to clarify that we have a team of technicians working on the eradication of the outbreak.”
      Poultry sector sources quoted by Diario Libre affirm that there are more than nine million laying hens, of which 60,000 are under observation in Espaillat province due to the outbreak detected in the towns of Corozo and Quebrada Honda.

      Santo Domingo.- A veil of secrecy has shrouded Dominican Republic's poultry producers over the outbreak of bird flu dete
      “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
      Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

      ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

      Comment


      • #4
        Rivas resigns from IA Commission due to lack of support from Agriculture

        January 23, 2019


        Faced with inaction, lack of financial support and distrust in the technicians of the General Directorate of Livestock (DIGEGA), Dr. Enriquillo Rivas resigned from the Commission for Evaluation and Control of Avian Influenza (IA), Ministry of Agriculture.

        Rivas complained about the late placement or none of the mobile sanitary-military control stations in specific areas. In addition, he recalled that the country would come three scientists specialized in Avian Pathology to evaluate the outbreaks and to abound on the subsequent policy on Avian Influenza.

        He also said that the meetings of the Commission have been extinguished and their calls badly coordinated and few quorums. As far as I know, there is no update of reports on the LAVACEN and the tests carried out in recent months.

        By pointing out that in the world there are almost 80 positive countries with outbreaks of high and low pathogenicity of AI, so that at any moment the Dominican Republic will once again exhaust the problem in an intensity that only God will know.
        Ante la inacción, falta de apoyo económico y la desconfianza en los técnicos de la Dirección General de Ganadería (DIGEGA), el doctor Enriquillo Rivas renunció de la Comisión para Evaluación y Control de Influenza Aviar (IA), del Ministerio de Agricultura.
        “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
        Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

        ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

        Comment


        • #5
          Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry),
          Dominican Republic
          Information received on 22/04/2019 from Dra Nimia Lissette Gómez Rodríguez, Directora, Dirección de Sanidad Animal Dirección General de Ganadería (DIGEGA), Ministerio de Agricultura, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
          Summary
          Report type Follow-up report No. 1
          Date of start of the event 02/11/2018
          Date of confirmation of the event 29/11/2018
          Report date 22/04/2019
          Date submitted to OIE 22/04/2019
          Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
          Date of previous occurrence 27/06/2018
          Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
          Causal agent Low pathogenic avian influenza virus
          Serotype H5N2
          Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
          This event pertains to the whole country
          Related reports Immediate notification (24/01/2019)
          Follow-up report No. 1 (22/04/2019)
          New outbreaks (7)
          Outbreak 1 ( 653-19) Espaillat, El Corozo, Moca, Espaillat
          Date of start of the outbreak 30/12/2018
          Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
          Epidemiological unit Farm
          Affected animals
          Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
          Birds 1800 30
          Affected population Family farm with Israeli chicks.
          Outbreak 2 ( 671-19) Espaillat, Quebrada Honda, Moca, Espaillat
          Date of start of the outbreak 08/01/2019
          Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
          Epidemiological unit Backyard
          Affected animals
          Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
          Birds 56685 2350 2350
          Affected population Family farm with heavy birds
          Outbreak 3 ( 650-19) Espaillat, El Corozo, Moca, Espaillat
          Date of start of the outbreak 09/01/2019
          Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
          Epidemiological unit Farm
          Affected animals
          Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
          Birds 3000
          Affected population Family farm with Israeli chicks.
          Outbreak 4 ( 729-19) Espaillat, El Caminito de la Rosario , Moca, Espaillat
          Date of start of the outbreak 10/01/2019
          Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
          Epidemiological unit Farm
          Affected animals
          Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
          Birds 45000 535 530
          Affected population Light layer birds
          Outbreak 5 ( 764-19) Espaillat, Hincha, Moca, Espaillat
          Date of start of the outbreak 14/01/2019
          Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
          Epidemiological unit Farm
          Affected animals
          Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
          Birds 13000
          Affected population Light layer birds
          Outbreak 6 ( 819-19) Espaillat, Las Lagunas, Moca, Espaillat
          Date of start of the outbreak 21/01/2019
          Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
          Epidemiological unit Farm
          Affected animals
          Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
          Birds 59097
          Affected population Backyard poultry
          Outbreak 7 ( 753-19) Espaillat, Monte la Jagua, Espaillat
          Date of start of the outbreak 22/01/2019
          Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
          Epidemiological unit Backyard
          Affected animals
          Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
          Birds 19 12 7
          Affected population Backyard poultry
          Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 7
          Total animals affected
          Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
          Birds 178601 2927 ** 2887
          Outbreak statistics
          Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
          Birds ** ** ** **
          *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          **Not calculated because of missing information
          Epidemiology
          Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
          • Unknown or inconclusive
          Control measures
          Measures applied
          • Movement control inside the country
          • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
          • Screening
          • Quarantine
          • Official destruction of animal products
          • Control of wildlife reservoirs
          • Vaccination prohibited
          • No treatment of affected animals
          Measures to be applied
          • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
          • Stamping out
          • Disinfection
          • Process to inactivate the pathogenic agent in products or by-products
          Diagnostic test results
          Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
          Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds agar-gel immunodiffusion (AGID) 22/01/2019 Positive
          Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 14/01/2019 Positive
          Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 24/01/2019 Positive
          Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 28/01/2019 Positive
          National Veterinary Services Laboratories, USA (National laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 24/01/2019 Positive
          Future Reporting
          The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
          ...
          http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=29305
          "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
          -Nelson Mandela

          Comment

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