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Canada FluWatch Weekly Reports 2014-2015 Season Week 20

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  • Canada FluWatch Weekly Reports 2014-2015 Season Week 20

    FluWatch report: August 24 to September 6, 2014 (Weeks 35 and 36)

    Posted 2014-09-12For readers interested in the <ABBR title="Portable Document Format">PDF</ABBR> version, the document is available for downloading or viewing:
    <A title="Flu Watch (Version PDF, 288 KB - 10 pages)" href="http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/14-15/w36_14/pdf/fw2014-36-eng.pdf">FluWatch report: August 24 to September 6, 2014 (Weeks 35 and 36) (<ABBR title="Portable Document Format">PDF</ABBR> Version - 288 <ABBR title=Kilobytes>KB</ABBR> - 10 pages)

    Help with PDF documents


    Overall Summary
    • Influenza activity in Canada remains at inter-seasonal levels with only sporadic detections of influenza.
    • In weeks 35 and 36 no outbreaks or hospitalizations were reported.
    • This is the first FluWatch report of the 2014-15 influenza season.
    Are you a primary health care practitioner (General Practitioner, Nurse Practitioner or Registered Nurse) interested in becoming a FluWatch sentinel for the 2014-15 influenza season? Contact us at FluWatch@phac-aspc.gc.ca
    Influenza/ILI Activity (geographic spread)

    In weeks 35 and 36, most regions in Canada reported no influenza/ILI activity. During these two weeks, one region in Quebec reported sporadic activity; and in week 36, two other regions (BC(1) and ON(1)) reported sporadic activity (Figure 1). In week 35, six regions did not report data, and in week 36, one region did not report.
    Figure 1. Map of overall influenza/ILI activity level by province and territory, Canada, Week 36





    Note: Influenza/ILI activity levels, as represented on this map, are assigned and reported by Provincial and Territorial Ministries of Health, based on laboratory confirmations, sentinel ILI rates and reported outbreaks. Please refer to detailed definitions at the end of the report. Maps from previous weeks, including any retrospective updates, are available on the FluWatch website.
    Text equivalent for figure 1Map of overall Influenza activity level by province and territory, Canada
    Influenza and Other Respiratory Virus Detections

    The number of positive influenza tests continued at inter-seasonal levels in week 35 (5 detections) and week 36 (4 detections), with <1% of tests positive since early July (Figure 2). Most jurisdictions have reported only sporadic numbers of influenza detections in recent weeks (Table 1, Table 2).
    Figure 2. Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2014-15

    Text equivalent for figure 2Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2013-14
    In weeks 35 and 36, detections of most other respiratory viruses were at inter-seasonal levels (RSV, coronavirus, and human metapneumovirus). Detections of parainfluenza, adenovirus and rhinovirus were in keeping with their usual pattern of seasonal circulation (Figure 3).
    For more details, see the weekly Respiratory Virus Detections in Canada Report.
    Figure 3. Number of positive laboratory tests for other respiratory viruses by report week, Canada, 2014-15


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    RSV: Respiratory syncytial virus; hMPV: Human metapneumovirus
    Text equivalent for figure 3Overall Number of Influenza Outbreaks, Canada, by Report Week, 2013-2014
    <TABLE id=t1 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 1: Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens
    by type, subtype and province, Canada, 2014-15
    </CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=ar1 rowSpan=3>Reporting provinces <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TH id=ac1 colSpan=5>Two weeks (August 24 to September 6, 2014)</TH><TH id=ac8 colSpan=5>Cumulative
    (August 24 to September 6, 2014)
    </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=ac2 colSpan=4 headers=ac1>Influenza A</TH><TH id=ac7 headers=ac1>B</TH><TH id=ac9 colSpan=4 headers=ac8>Influenza A</TH><TH id=ac14 headers=ac8>B</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=ac3 headers="ac1 ac2">A Total</TH><TH id=ac4 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H1)pdm09</TH><TH id=ac5 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H3)</TH><TH id=ac6 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(UnS)</TH><TH class=alignCenter headers="ac1 ac7">B Total</TH><TH id=ac10 headers="ac8 ac9">A Total</TH><TH id=ac11 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H1)pdm09</TH><TH id=ac12 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H3)</TH><TH id=ac13 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ac8 ac14">B Total</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=11><SUP>1 </SUP>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
    <SUP>2 </SUP>Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
    UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
    </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=ar2 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>BC</TH><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar3 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>AB</TH><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar4 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>SK</TH><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar5 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>MB</TH><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar6 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>ON</TH><TD class=alignRight>2</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>1</TD><TD class=alignRight>1</TD><TD class=alignRight>1</TD><TD class=alignRight>2</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>1</TD><TD class=alignRight>1</TD><TD class=alignRight>1</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar7 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>QC</TH><TD class=alignRight>3</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>3</TD><TD class=alignRight>3</TD><TD class=alignRight>3</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>3</TD><TD class=alignRight>3</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar8 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NB</TH><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar9 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NS</TH><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar10 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>PE</TH><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar11 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NL</TH><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD><TD class=alignRight>0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar12 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>Canada</TH><TD class=alignRight>5</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">0</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">1</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">4</TD><TD class=alignRight>4</TD><TD class=alignRight>5</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">0</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">1</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">4</TD><TD class=alignRight>4</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar13 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>Percentage<SUP>2</SUP></TH><TD class=alignRight>55.6%</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">0.0%</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">20.0%</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">80.0%</TD><TD class=alignRight>44.4%</TD><TD class=alignRight>55.6%</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">0.0%</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">20.0%</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">80.0%</TD><TD class=alignRight>44.4%</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>

    Table 2. Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens by type, subtype and age-group reported through case-based laboratory reporting, Canada, 2014-15
    Data suppressed for the 2014-15 season due to small values.
    Table 2 will be updated when additional data are received.

    <!-- <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" border="1" class="widthFull" id="t2"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 2. Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens by type, subtype and age-group reported through case-based laboratory reporting<sup>3</sup>, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="br1">Age groups (years)</th> <th colspan="5" id="bc1">Two weeks
    (August 24 to September 6, 2014)</th> <th colspan="7" id="bc8">Cumulative
    (August 24 to September 6, 2014)</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="bc2" headers="bc1">Influenza A</th> <th id="bc7" headers="bc1">B</th> <th colspan="4" id="bc9" headers="bc8">Influenza A</th> <th id="bc14" headers="bc8">B</th> <th colspan="2" id="bc15" headers="bc8">Influenza A and B</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="bc3" headers="bc1 bc2">A Total</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc4" headers="bc1 bc2">A(H1) pdm09</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc5" headers="bc1 bc2">A(H3)</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc6" headers="bc1 bc2">A (UnS)</th> <td headers="bc1 bc7" class="alignCenter">Total</td> <th id="bc10" headers="bc8 bc9">A Total</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc11" headers="bc8 bc9">A(H1) pdm09</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc12" headers="bc8 bc9">A(H3)</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc13" headers="bc8 bc9">A (UnS)</th> <td headers="bc8 bc14" class="alignCenter">Total</td> <th id="bc16" headers="bc8 bc15">#</th> <th id="bc17" headers="bc8 bc15">%</th> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="13" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t2_1">1 </sup>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
    <sup id="footnote_t2_2">2 </sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
    <sup id="footnote_t2_3">3 </sup> Table 2 includes specimens for which demographic information was reported. These represent a subset of all positive influenza cases reported.
    UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br2" headers="br1"><5</th> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">12.5%</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br3" headers="br1">5-19</th> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">12.5%</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br4" headers="br1">20-44</th> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">12.5%</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br5" headers="br1">45-64</th> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">12.5%</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br6" headers="br1">65+</th> <td class="alignRight">4</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">3</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">4</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">3</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">4</td> <td class="alignRight">50.0%</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br7" headers="br1">Unknown</th> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0.0%</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br8" headers="br1">Total</th> <td class="alignRight">6</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">0</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">1</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">5</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">6</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">0</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">1</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">5</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">8</td> <td class="alignRight">100.0%</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br9" headers="br1">Percentage<sup>2</sup></th> <td class="alignRight">75.0%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">0.0%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">16.7%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">83.3%</td> <td class="alignRight">25.0%</td> <td class="alignRight">75.0%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">0.0%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">16.7%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">83.3%</td> <td class="alignRight">25.0%</td> <td class="alignRight"> </td> <td class="alignRight"> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>-->

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    Influenza Strain Characterizations

    The National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) has not yet reported any influenza strain characterizations for the 2014-15 season (Figure 4).
    Figure 4. Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2014-2015, N = 0
    <!---->
    The National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) has not yet conducted antigenic characterization of influenza viruses collected during the 2014-15 season.

    The NML receives a proportion of the number of influenza positive specimens from provincial laboratories for strain characterization and antiviral resistance testing. Characterization data reflect the results of haemagglutination inhibition (HAI) testing compared to the reference influenza strains recommended by WHO.
    The recommended components for the 2014-2015 northern hemisphere trivalent influenza vaccine include: an A/California/7/2009(H1N1)pdm09-like virus, an A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2)-like virus, and a B/Massachusetts/2/2012-like virus (Yamagata lineage). For quadrivalent vaccines, the addition of a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus is recommended.


    Text equivalent for figure 4Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2013-2014, N =3
    Antiviral Resistance

    The NML has not yet reported antiviral resistance results for influenza viruses collected during the 2014-15 season (Table 3).
    <TABLE class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION>Table 3. Antiviral resistance by influenza virus type and subtype, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t3hc1 rowSpan=2>Virus type and subtype</TH><TH id=t3hc2 colSpan=2>Oseltamivir</TH><TH id=t3hc3 colSpan=2>Zanamivir</TH><TH id=t3hc4 colSpan=2>Amantadine</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t3hc5 headers=t3hc2># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc6 headers=t3hc2># resistant (%)</TH><TH id=t3hc7 headers=t3hc3># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc8 headers=t3hc3># resistant (%)</TH><TH id=t3hc9 headers=t3hc4># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc10 headers=t3hc4># resistant (%)</TH></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=7><SUP>*</SUP> NA - not applicable</TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=t3hr1 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>A (H3N2)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc10">0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr2 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>A (H1N1)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc10">0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr3 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>B</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc9">NA <SUP>*</SUP></TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc10">NA <SUP>*</SUP></TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr4 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>TOTAL</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc10">0</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
    Influenza-like Illness (ILI) Consultation Rate

    The national influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rate increased from 8.0 consultations per 1,000 patient visits in week 34 to 13.6 per 1,000 in week 35 and decreased slightly to 12.3 per 1,000 in week 36 (Figure 5). The rates since mid-June have been above the expected range for this time of year.
    Figure 5. Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2014-2015

    Note: No data available for mean rate for weeks 19 to 39 for the 1996-1997 through 2002-2003 seasons. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively. The calculation of the average ILI consultation rate over 17 seasons was aligned with influenza activity in each season. In BC, AB, and SK, data is compiled by a provincial sentinel surveillance program for reporting to FluWatch. The number of sentinel physicians in each province or territory is as follows: BC(21), AB(80), SK(11), MB(18), ON(169), QC(14), NB(29), NS(26), PE(4), NL(16), NU(1), NT(14), YT(13). Not all sentinel physicians report every week.
    Text equivalent for figure 5Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2013-2014

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    Influenza Outbreak Surveillance

    No new outbreaks of influenza were reported in weeks 35 and 36 (Figure 6).
    Figure 6. Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2014-2015

    1 All provinces and territories except NU report outbreaks in long-term care facilities. All provinces and territories with the exception of NU and QC report outbreaks in hospitals. Outbreaks of influenza or influenza-like-illness in other facilities are reported to FluWatch but reporting varies between jurisdictions. Outbreak definitions are included at the end of the report.
    Text equivalent for figure 6Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2013-2014
    Pharmacy Surveillance

    In weeks 35 and 36, the proportion of prescriptions for antivirals was at inter-seasonal levels (Figure 7).
    Figure 7. Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2014-15

    Note: Pharmacy sales data are provided to the Public Health Agency of Canada by Rx Canada Inc. and sourced from major retail drug chains representing over 3,000 stores nationwide (excluding Nunavut) in 85% of Health Regions. Data provided include the number of new antiviral prescriptions (for Tamiflu and Relenza) and the total number of new prescriptions dispensed by Province/Territory and age group. Age-groups: Infant: 0-2y, Child: 2-18y; Adult: 19-64y, Senior: ≥65y.
    Text equivalent for figure 7Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2013-14

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    Sentinel Hospital Influenza Surveillance

    Paediatric Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (IMPACT)
    No laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated paediatric (≤16 years of age) hospitalizations have been reported by the Immunization Monitoring Program Active (IMPACT) network for the 2014-15 season (Figure 8a).
    Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through IMPACT represents a subset of all influenza-associated paediatric hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
    Adult Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (PCIRN)
    Surveillance of laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated adult (≥16 years of age) hospitalizations by the PHAC/CIHR Influenza Research Network (PCIRN) Serious Outcomes Surveillance (SOS) network has not yet begun for the 2014-15 season (Figure 8b).
    Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through PCIRN represents a subset of all influenza-associated adult hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
    <TABLE class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION id=t4 class=alignCenter>Table 4 - Cumulative numbers of paediatric hospitalizations with influenza reported by the IMPACT network, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=dr1 rowSpan=3>Age groups </TH><TH id=dc1 colSpan=6>Cumulative (24 Aug. 2014 to 6 Sep. 2014) </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=dc2 colSpan=4 headers=dc1>Influenza A </TH><TH id=dc7 headers=dc1>B </TH><TH id=dc8 headers=dc1>Influenza A and B </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=dc3 headers="dc1 dc2">A Total </TH><TH id=dc4 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A(H1) pdm09 </TH><TH id=dc5 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A(H3) </TH><TH id=dc6 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A (UnS) </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dc1 dc7">Total</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dc1 dc8"># (%)</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=7><SUP id=footnote_t4_1>1</SUP> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
    UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
    </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=dr2 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>0-5m </TH><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0 (0%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr3 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>6-23m </TH><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0 (0%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr4 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>2-4y </TH><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0 (0%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr5 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>5-9y </TH><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0 (0%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr6 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>10-16y </TH><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0 (0%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr7 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>Total </TH><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">0</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">0</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr8 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>% <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TD class=alignCenter>0.0%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">0.0%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">0.0%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">0.0%</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0.0%</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0.0%</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>

    Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15
    PCIRN-SOS surveillance for the 2014-15 season has not yet begun.

    <!-- <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" border="1" class="widthFull"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="er1">Age groups </th> <th id="ec1" colspan="6" class="noWrap">Cumulative (data not yet available for 2014-15)<sup>*</sup></th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="ec2" headers="ec1">Influenza A </th> <th id="ec7" headers="ec1">B </th> <th id="ec8" headers="ec1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="ec3" headers="ec1 ec2">A Total </th> <th id="ec4" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th id="ec5" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H3) </th> <th id="ec6" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t5_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
    UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.

    <sup id="t5_star">*</sup>Two cases for which the influenza type has not yet been reported, and four cases for which the age-group was not reported, are not included in Table 5.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="er2" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">16-20 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er3" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">20-44 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er4" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">45-64 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er5" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">65+ </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er6" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">Total </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er7" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">% <sup>1</sup> </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>-->Figure 8 - Number of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2014-15
    A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

    Text equivalent for figure 8aNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
    B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

    * See footnote above following the section related to PCIRN-SOS data.
    Text equivalent for figure 8bNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (>16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
    Figure 9 - Percentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2014-15
    A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

    Text equivalent for figure 9aPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
    B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

    Text equivalent for figure 9bPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

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    Provincial/Territorial Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths

    No laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations have been reported from participating provinces and territories* since the start of the 2014-15 season.
    * Note: Influenza-associated hospitalizations are not reported to PHAC by the following Provinces and Territory: BC, NU, QC, and NB. Only hospitalizations that require intensive medical care are reported by Saskatchewan. ICU admissions are not distinguished among hospital admissions reported from Ontario. Data may also include cases reported by the IMPACT and PCIRN networks.
    <TABLE class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION id=t6 class=alignCenter>Table 6 - Cumulative number of hospitalizations with influenza reported by the participating provinces and territories, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t4hc1 rowSpan=3>Age groups </TH><TH id=t4hc2 colSpan=6>Cumulative (24 Aug. 2014 to 6 Sep. 2014)</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t4hc3 colSpan=4 headers=t4hc2>Influenza A</TH><TH id=t4hc4 headers=t4hc2>B</TH><TH id=t4hc5 headers=t4hc2>Influenza A and B</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=t4hc6 headers="t4hc2 t4hc3">A Total</TH><TH id=t4hc7 class=bg-colour-blue headers="t4hc2 t4hc3">A(H1) pdm09</TH><TH id=t4hc8 class=bg-colour-blue headers="t4hc2 t4hc3">A(H3)</TH><TH id=t4hc9 class=bg-colour-blue headers="t4hc2 t4hc3">A (UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hc2 t4hc4">Total</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hc2 t4hc5"># (%)</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=8><SUP id=footnote_t6_1>1</SUP> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
    UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
    </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=t4hr1 class=alignLeft headers=t4hc1>0-4 years</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr1 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr1 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr1 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr1 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr1 t4hc2 t4hc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr1 t4hc2 t4hc5">0 (0%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t4hr2 class=alignLeft headers=t4hc1>5-19 years</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr2 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr2 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr2 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr2 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr2 t4hc2 t4hc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr2 t4hc2 t4hc5">0 (0%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t4hr3 class=alignLeft headers=t4hc1>20-44 years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr3 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr3 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr3 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr3 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr3 t4hc2 t4hc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr3 t4hc2 t4hc5">0 (0%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t4hr4 class=alignLeft headers=t4hc1>45-64 years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr4 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr4 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr4 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr4 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr4 t4hc2 t4hc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr4 t4hc2 t4hc5">0 (0%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t4hr5 class=alignLeft headers=t4hc1>65+ years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr5 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr5 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr5 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr5 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr5 t4hc2 t4hc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr5 t4hc2 t4hc5">0 (0%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t4hr6 class=alignLeft headers=t4hc1>Unknown</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr6 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr6 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr6 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr6 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr6 t4hc2 t4hc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr6 t4hc2 t4hc5">0 (0%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t4hr7 class=alignLeft headers=t4hc1>Total </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr7 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc6">0</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue" headers="t4hr7 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc7">0</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue" headers="t4hr7 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc8">0</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue" headers="t4hr7 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr7 t4hc2 t4hc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr7 t4hc2 t4hc5">0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t4hr8 class=alignLeft headers=t4hc1>Percentage <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr8 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc6">0%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue" headers="t4hr8 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc7">0%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue" headers="t4hr8 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc8">0%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue" headers="t4hr8 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc9">0%</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr8 t4hc2 t4hc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t4hr8 t4hc2 t4hc5">0%</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
    See additional data on Reported Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths in Canada: 2009-10 to 2014-15 on the Public Health Agency of Canada website.

    .../
    http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/.../index-eng.php
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

  • #2
    Re: Canada FluWatch Weekly Reports 2014-2015 Season Weeks 37 and 38

    FluWatch report: September 7 to September 20, 2014 (Weeks 37 and 38)

    Posted 2014-09-26For readers interested in the <ABBR title="Portable Document Format">PDF</ABBR> version, the document is available for downloading or viewing:
    <A title="Flu Watch (Version PDF, 288 KB - 10 pages)" href="http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/14-15/w38_14/pdf/fw2014-38-eng.pdf">FluWatch report: September 7 to September 20, 2014 (Weeks 37 and 38) (<ABBR title="Portable Document Format">PDF</ABBR> Version - 294 <ABBR title=Kilobytes>KB</ABBR> - 10 pages)

    Help with PDF documents


    Overall Summary
    • Several influenza indicators (activity levels, influenza detections, ILI and hospitalizations) increased in weeks 37 and 38 compared to recent weeks.
    • Influenza A(H3N2) was the predominant circulating virus with some co-circulation of influenza B.
    • In week 38, one influenza outbreak and three ILI outbreaks were reported.
    • During these two weeks, both paediatric and adult hospitalizations with influenza were reported.
    Are you a primary health care practitioner (General Practitioner, Nurse Practitioner or Registered Nurse) interested in becoming a FluWatch sentinel for the 2014-15 influenza season? Contact us at FluWatch@phac-aspc.gc.ca
    Influenza/ILI Activity (geographic spread)

    In weeks 37 and 38, the number of regions in Canada reporting influenza/ILI activity increased. In week 37, six regions (BC(2), ON(1) and QC(3)) reported sporadic activity. In week 38, one region in Alberta reported localized activity, and 11 regions (BC(3), AB(1), SK (1), ON(4) and QC(2)) reported sporadic activity (Figure 1). In week 37, ten regions did not report data, and in week 38, one region did not report.
    Figure 1. Map of overall influenza/ILI activity level by province and territory, Canada, Week 38





    Note: Influenza/ILI activity levels, as represented on this map, are assigned and reported by Provincial and Territorial Ministries of Health, based on laboratory confirmations, sentinel ILI rates and reported outbreaks. Please refer to detailed definitions at the end of the report. Maps from previous weeks, including any retrospective updates, are available on the FluWatch website.
    Text equivalent for figure 1Map of overall Influenza activity level by province and territory, Canada
    Influenza and Other Respiratory Virus Detections

    Although the number of positive influenza tests increased over the two week period, the percent positive for influenza detections remains low (<1%) (Figure 2). To date, 75% of influenza detections have been influenza A, and the majority of those subtyped have been A(H3) (Table 1). Among cases with reported age, the largest proportion was in those ≥65 years of age (42%) (Table 2).
    Figure 2. Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2014-15

    Text equivalent for figure 2Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2013-14
    In weeks 37 and 38, detections of other respiratory viruses were at inter-seasonal levels (RSV, coronavirus, and human metapneumovirus). Detections of parainfluenza and adenovirus were in keeping with their usual pattern of seasonal circulation. Detections of rhinovirus have increased 1-2 weeks earlier than seen in recent seasons, but are still in keeping with the usual pattern of seasonal circulation (Figure 3).
    For more details, see the weekly Respiratory Virus Detections in Canada Report.
    Figure 3. Number of positive laboratory tests for other respiratory viruses by report week, Canada, 2014-15


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    RSV: Respiratory syncytial virus; hMPV: Human metapneumovirus
    Text equivalent for figure 3Overall Number of Influenza Outbreaks, Canada, by Report Week, 2013-2014
    <TABLE id=t1 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 1: Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens
    by type, subtype and province, Canada, 2014-15
    </CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=ar1 rowSpan=3>Reporting provinces <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TH id=ac1 colSpan=5>Two weeks (September 7 to September 20, 2014)</TH><TH id=ac8 colSpan=5>Cumulative
    (August 24 to September 20, 2014)
    </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=ac2 colSpan=4 headers=ac1>Influenza A</TH><TH id=ac7 headers=ac1>B</TH><TH id=ac9 colSpan=4 headers=ac8>Influenza A</TH><TH id=ac14 headers=ac8>B</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=ac3 headers="ac1 ac2">A Total</TH><TH id=ac4 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H1)pdm09</TH><TH id=ac5 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H3)</TH><TH id=ac6 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(UnS)</TH><TH class=alignCenter headers="ac1 ac7">B Total</TH><TH id=ac10 headers="ac8 ac9">A Total</TH><TH id=ac11 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H1)pdm09</TH><TH id=ac12 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H3)</TH><TH id=ac13 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ac8 ac14">B Total</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=11><SUP>1 </SUP>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
    <SUP>2 </SUP>Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
    UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
    </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=ar2 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>BC</TH><TD class=alignCenter>8</TD><TD class=alignCenter>3</TD><TD class=alignCenter>4</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>8</TD><TD class=alignCenter>3</TD><TD class=alignCenter>4</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar3 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>AB</TH><TD class=alignCenter>11</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>8</TD><TD class=alignCenter>3</TD><TD class=alignCenter>2</TD><TD class=alignCenter>11</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>8</TD><TD class=alignCenter>3</TD><TD class=alignCenter>2</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar4 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>SK</TH><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar5 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>MB</TH><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar6 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>ON</TH><TD class=alignCenter>3</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>2</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>5</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>3</TD><TD class=alignCenter>2</TD><TD class=alignCenter>2</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar7 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>QC</TH><TD class=alignCenter>4</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>4</TD><TD class=alignCenter>3</TD><TD class=alignCenter>7</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>7</TD><TD class=alignCenter>6</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar8 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NB</TH><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar9 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NS</TH><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar10 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>PE</TH><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar11 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NL</TH><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar12 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>Canada</TH><TD class=alignCenter>28</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">3</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">14</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">11</TD><TD class=alignCenter>7</TD><TD class=alignCenter>33</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">3</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">15</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">15</TD><TD class=alignCenter>11</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar13 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>Percentage<SUP>2</SUP></TH><TD class=alignCenter>80.0%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">10.7%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">50.0%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">39.3%</TD><TD class=alignCenter>20.0%</TD><TD class=alignCenter>75.0%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">9.1%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">45.5%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">45.5%</TD><TD class=alignCenter>25.0%</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
    <TABLE id=t2 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 2. Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens by type, subtype and age-group reported through case-based laboratory reporting<SUP>3</SUP>, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=br1 rowSpan=3>Age groups (years)</TH><TH id=bc1 colSpan=5>Two weeks
    (September 7 to September 20, 2014)
    </TH><TH id=bc8 colSpan=7>Cumulative
    (August 24 to September 20, 2014)
    </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=bc2 colSpan=4 headers=bc1>Influenza A</TH><TH id=bc7 headers=bc1>B</TH><TH id=bc9 colSpan=4 headers=bc8>Influenza A</TH><TH id=bc14 headers=bc8>B</TH><TH id=bc15 colSpan=2 headers=bc8>Influenza A and B</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=bc3 headers="bc1 bc2">A Total</TH><TH id=bc4 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A(H1) pdm09</TH><TH id=bc5 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A(H3)</TH><TH id=bc6 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A (UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="bc1 bc7">Total</TD><TH id=bc10 headers="bc8 bc9">A Total</TH><TH id=bc11 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc8 bc9">A(H1) pdm09</TH><TH id=bc12 class=bg-colour-blue headers="bc8 bc9">A(H3)</TH><TH id=bc13 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc8 bc9">A (UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="bc8 bc14">Total</TD><TH id=bc16 headers="bc8 bc15">#</TH><TH id=bc17 headers="bc8 bc15">%</TH></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=13><SUP id=footnote_t2_1>1 </SUP>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
    <SUP id=footnote_t2_2>2 </SUP>Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
    <SUP id=footnote_t2_3>3 </SUP>Table 2 includes specimens for which demographic information was reported. These represent a subset of all positive influenza cases reported.
    UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
    </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=br2 class=alignLeft headers=br1><5</TH><TD class=alignCenter>3</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>2</TD><TD class=alignCenter>2</TD><TD class=alignCenter>3</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>2</TD><TD class=alignCenter>5</TD><TD class=alignCenter>8</TD><TD class=alignCenter>15.4%</TD></TR><TR><TH id=br3 class=alignLeft headers=br1>5-19</TH><TD class=alignCenter>4</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>3</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>5</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>3</TD><TD class=alignCenter>2</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>6</TD><TD class=alignCenter>11.5%</TD></TR><TR><TH id=br4 class=alignLeft headers=br1>20-44</TH><TD class=alignCenter>2</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>2</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>6</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>6</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>6</TD><TD class=alignCenter>11.5%</TD></TR><TR><TH id=br5 class=alignLeft headers=br1>45-64</TH><TD class=alignCenter>5</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>4</TD><TD class=alignCenter>2</TD><TD class=alignCenter>5</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>4</TD><TD class=alignCenter>5</TD><TD class=alignCenter>10</TD><TD class=alignCenter>19.2%</TD></TR><TR><TH id=br6 class=alignLeft headers=br1>65+</TH><TD class=alignCenter>11</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>5</TD><TD class=alignCenter>5</TD><TD class=alignCenter>2</TD><TD class=alignCenter>20</TD><TD class=alignCenter>1</TD><TD class=alignCenter>7</TD><TD class=alignCenter>12</TD><TD class=alignCenter>2</TD><TD class=alignCenter>22</TD><TD class=alignCenter>42.3%</TD></TR><TR><TH id=br7 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Unknown</TH><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0</TD><TD class=alignCenter>0.0%</TD></TR><TR><TH id=br8 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Total</TH><TD class=alignCenter>25</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">2</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">9</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">14</TD><TD class=alignCenter>7</TD><TD class=alignCenter>39</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">2</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">11</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">26</TD><TD class=alignCenter>13</TD><TD class=alignCenter>52</TD><TD class=alignCenter>100.0%</TD></TR><TR><TH id=br9 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Percentage<SUP>2</SUP></TH><TD class=alignCenter>78.1%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">8.0%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">36.0%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">56.0%</TD><TD class=alignCenter>21.9%</TD><TD class=alignCenter>75.0%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">5.1%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">28.2%</TD><TD class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">66.7%</TD><TD class=alignCenter>25.0%</TD><TD class=alignCenter></TD><TD class=alignCenter></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>


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    Influenza Strain Characterizations

    The National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) has not yet reported any influenza strain characterizations for the 2014-15 season (Figure 4).
    Figure 4. Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2014-2015, N = 0
    <!---->
    The National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) has not yet conducted antigenic characterization of influenza viruses collected during the 2014-15 season.

    The NML receives a proportion of the number of influenza positive specimens from provincial laboratories for strain characterization and antiviral resistance testing. Characterization data reflect the results of haemagglutination inhibition (HAI) testing compared to the reference influenza strains recommended by WHO.
    The recommended components for the 2014-2015 northern hemisphere trivalent influenza vaccine include: an A/California/7/2009(H1N1)pdm09-like virus, an A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2)-like virus, and a B/Massachusetts/2/2012-like virus (Yamagata lineage). For quadrivalent vaccines, the addition of a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus is recommended.


    Text equivalent for figure 4Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2013-2014, N =3
    Antiviral Resistance

    The NML has not yet reported antiviral resistance results for influenza viruses collected during the 2014-15 season (Table 3).
    <TABLE class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION>Table 3. Antiviral resistance by influenza virus type and subtype, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t3hc1 rowSpan=2>Virus type and subtype</TH><TH id=t3hc2 colSpan=2>Oseltamivir</TH><TH id=t3hc3 colSpan=2>Zanamivir</TH><TH id=t3hc4 colSpan=2>Amantadine</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t3hc5 headers=t3hc2># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc6 headers=t3hc2># resistant (%)</TH><TH id=t3hc7 headers=t3hc3># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc8 headers=t3hc3># resistant (%)</TH><TH id=t3hc9 headers=t3hc4># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc10 headers=t3hc4># resistant (%)</TH></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=7><SUP>*</SUP> NA - not applicable</TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=t3hr1 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>A (H3N2)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc10">0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr2 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>A (H1N1)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc10">0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr3 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>B</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc9">NA <SUP>*</SUP></TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc10">NA <SUP>*</SUP></TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr4 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>TOTAL</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc10">0</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
    Influenza-like Illness (ILI) Consultation Rate

    The national influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rate has been increasing steadily during the first four weeks of the 2014-15 season; and was 17.7 and 20.1 per 1,000 in weeks 37 and 38, respectively (Figure 5). The rates since mid-June have been above the expected range for this time of year.
    Figure 5. Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2014-2015

    Note: No data available for mean rate for weeks 19 to 39 for the 1996-1997 through 2002-2003 seasons. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively. The calculation of the average ILI consultation rate over 17 seasons was aligned with influenza activity in each season. In BC, AB, and SK, data is compiled by a provincial sentinel surveillance program for reporting to FluWatch. The number of sentinel physicians in each province or territory is as follows: BC(21), AB(80), SK(11), MB(18), ON(169), QC(14), NB(29), NS(26), PE(4), NL(16), NU(1), NT(14), YT(13). Not all sentinel physicians report every week.
    Text equivalent for figure 5Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2013-2014

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    Influenza Outbreak Surveillance

    One new outbreak of influenza was reported in a long-term care facility in week 38 (Figure 6). Three outbreaks of influenza-like illness in schools were also reported in the same week.
    Figure 6. Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2014-2015

    1 All provinces and territories except NU report outbreaks in long-term care facilities. All provinces and territories with the exception of NU and QC report outbreaks in hospitals. Outbreaks of influenza or influenza-like-illness in other facilities are reported to FluWatch but reporting varies between jurisdictions. Outbreak definitions are included at the end of the report.
    Text equivalent for figure 6Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2013-2014
    Pharmacy Surveillance

    During this two-week period, the proportion of prescriptions for antivirals increased to 10.5 antiviral prescriptions per 100,000 total prescriptions in week 38 (Figure 7).
    Figure 7. Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2014-15

    Note: Pharmacy sales data are provided to the Public Health Agency of Canada by Rx Canada Inc. and sourced from major retail drug chains representing over 3,000 stores nationwide (excluding Nunavut) in 85% of Health Regions. Data provided include the number of new antiviral prescriptions (for Tamiflu and Relenza) and the total number of new prescriptions dispensed by Province/Territory and age group. Age-groups: Infant: 0-2y, Child: 2-18y; Adult: 19-64y, Senior: ≥65y.
    Text equivalent for figure 7Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2013-14

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    Sentinel Hospital Influenza Surveillance

    Paediatric Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (IMPACT)
    In weeks 37 and 38, four laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated paediatric (≤16 years of age) hospitalizations were reported by the Immunization Monitoring Program Active (IMPACT) network (Figure 8a). These are the first hospitalizations reported through IMPACT this season. Three of the four were cases of influenza A and two were admitted to the ICU. The age distribution of cases ranged from <6 months to 16 years.
    Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through IMPACT represents a subset of all influenza-associated paediatric hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
    Adult Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (PCIRN)
    Surveillance of laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated adult (≥16 years of age) hospitalizations by the PHAC/CIHR Influenza Research Network (PCIRN) Serious Outcomes Surveillance (SOS) network has not yet begun for the 2014-15 season (Figure 8b).
    Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through PCIRN represents a subset of all influenza-associated adult hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
    Table 4 Cumulative numbers of paediatric hospitalizations with influenza reported by the IMPACT network, Canada, 2014-15
    Data suppressed for the 2014-15 season due to small values. Table 4 will be updated when additional data are received.

    <!-- <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" border="1" class="widthFull"> <caption class="alignCenter" id="t4"> Table 4 - Cumulative numbers of paediatric hospitalizations with influenza reported by the IMPACT network, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="dr1">Age groups </th> <th colspan="6" id="dc1">Cumulative (24 Aug. 2014 to 20 Sep. 2014) </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="dc2" headers="dc1">Influenza A </th> <th id="dc7" headers="dc1">B </th> <th id="dc8" headers="dc1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="dc3" headers="dc1 dc2">A Total </th> <th id="dc4" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th id="dc5" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A(H3) </th> <th id="dc6" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A (UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dc1 dc7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dc1 dc8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t4_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
    UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="dr2" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">0-5m </th> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">0 (0%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr3" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">6-23m </th> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0 (0%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr4" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">2-4y </th> <td class="alignCenter">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0 (0%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr5" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">5-9y </th> <td class="alignCenter">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0 (0%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr6" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">10-16y </th> <td class="alignCenter">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0 (0%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr7" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">Total </th> <td class="alignCenter">3</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">0</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">2</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">4</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr8" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">% <sup>1</sup></th> <td class="alignCenter">0.0%</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">0.0%</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">0.0%</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">0.0%</td> <td class="alignCenter">0.0%</td> <td class="alignCenter">0.0%</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> -->

    Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15
    PCIRN-SOS surveillance for the 2014-15 season has not yet begun.

    <!-- <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" border="1" class="widthFull"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="er1">Age groups </th> <th id="ec1" colspan="6" class="noWrap">Cumulative (data not yet available for 2014-15)<sup>*</sup></th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="ec2" headers="ec1">Influenza A </th> <th id="ec7" headers="ec1">B </th> <th id="ec8" headers="ec1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="ec3" headers="ec1 ec2">A Total </th> <th id="ec4" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th id="ec5" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H3) </th> <th id="ec6" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t5_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
    UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.

    <sup id="t5_star">*</sup>Two cases for which the influenza type has not yet been reported, and four cases for which the age-group was not reported, are not included in Table 5.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="er2" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">16-20 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er3" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">20-44 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er4" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">45-64 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er5" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">65+ </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er6" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">Total </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er7" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">% <sup>1</sup> </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>-->Figure 8 - Number of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2014-15
    A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

    Text equivalent for figure 8aNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
    B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
    asdf
    * See footnote above following the section related to PCIRN-SOS data.
    Text equivalent for figure 8bNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (>16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
    Figure 9 - Percentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2014-15
    A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
    Data suppressed for the 2014-15 season due to small values. Figure 9A will be updated when additional data are received.


    Text equivalent for figure 9aPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
    B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

    Text equivalent for figure 9bPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

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    Provincial/Territorial Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths

    Since the start of the 2014-15 season, four laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations have been reported from participating provinces and territories*; all with influenza A, and the majority were patients ≥65 years of age. No ICU admissions or deaths were reported.
    * Note: Influenza-associated hospitalizations are not reported to PHAC by the following Provinces and Territory: BC, NU, QC, and NB. Only hospitalizations that require intensive medical care are reported by Saskatchewan. ICU admissions are not distinguished among hospital admissions reported from Ontario. Data may also include cases reported by the IMPACT and PCIRN networks.


    Table 6 Cumulative number of hospitalizations with influenza reported by the participating provinces and territories, Canada, 2014-15
    Data suppressed for the 2014-15 season due to small values. Table 6 will be updated when additional data are received.

    <!-- <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" border="1" class="widthFull"> <caption id="t6" class="alignCenter"> Table 6 - Cumulative number of hospitalizations with influenza reported by the participating provinces and territories, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="t4hc1">Age groups </th> <th colspan="6" id="t4hc2">Cumulative (24 Aug. 2014 to 20 Sep. 2014)</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="t4hc3" headers="t4hc2">Influenza A</th> <th id="t4hc4" headers="t4hc2">B</th> <th id="t4hc5" headers="t4hc2">Influenza A and B</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="t4hc6" headers="t4hc2 t4hc3">A Total</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="t4hc7" headers="t4hc2 t4hc3">A(H1) pdm09</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="t4hc8" headers="t4hc2 t4hc3">A(H3)</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="t4hc9" headers="t4hc2 t4hc3">A (UnS)</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hc2 t4hc4">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hc2 t4hc5"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="8" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t6_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
    UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="t4hr1" headers="t4hc1">0-4 years</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr1 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc6">1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr1 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc7">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr1 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc8">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr1 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc9">1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr1 t4hc2 t4hc4">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr1 t4hc2 t4hc5">1 (25%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="t4hr2" headers="t4hc1">5-19 years</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr2 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc6">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr2 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc7">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr2 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc8">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr2 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc9">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr2 t4hc2 t4hc4">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr2 t4hc2 t4hc5">0 (0%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="t4hr3" headers="t4hc1">20-44 years </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr3 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc6">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr3 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc7">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr3 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc8">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr3 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc9">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr3 t4hc2 t4hc4">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr3 t4hc2 t4hc5">0 (0%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="t4hr4" headers="t4hc1">45-64 years </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr4 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc6">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr4 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc7">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr4 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc8">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr4 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc9">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr4 t4hc2 t4hc4">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr4 t4hc2 t4hc5">0 (0%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="t4hr5" headers="t4hc1">65+ years </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr5 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc6">3</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr5 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc7">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr5 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc8">1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr5 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc9">2</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr5 t4hc2 t4hc4">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr5 t4hc2 t4hc5">3 (75%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="t4hr6" headers="t4hc1">Unknown</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr6 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc6">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr6 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc7">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr6 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc8">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr6 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc9">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr6 t4hc2 t4hc4">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr6 t4hc2 t4hc5">0 (0%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="t4hr7" headers="t4hc1">Total </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr7 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc6">4</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue" headers="t4hr7 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc7">0</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue" headers="t4hr7 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc8">1</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue" headers="t4hr7 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc9">3</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr7 t4hc2 t4hc4">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr7 t4hc2 t4hc5">4</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="t4hr8" headers="t4hc1">Percentage <sup> 1</sup></th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr8 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc6">100.0%</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue" headers="t4hr8 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc7">0.0%</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue" headers="t4hr8 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc8">25.0%</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue" headers="t4hr8 t4hc2 t4hc3 t4hc9">75.0%</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr8 t4hc2 t4hc4">0.0%</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t4hr8 t4hc2 t4hc5">100.0%</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> -->See additional data on Reported Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths in Canada: 2009-10 to 2014-15 on the Public Health Agency of Canada website.

    Emerging Respiratory Pathogens

    Human Avian Influenza

    Influenza A(H7N9): No new cases of human infection with influenza A(H7N9) have been reported by the World Health Organization since the last FluWatch report. Globally to September 25, 2014, the WHO has been informed of a total of 453 laboratory-confirmed human cases with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus, including 175 deaths.
    Documents related to the public health risk of influenza A(H7N9), as well as guidance for health professionals and advice for the public is updated regularly on the following websites:
    PHAC - Avian influenza A(H7N9)
    WHO - Avian Influenza A(H7N9)

    Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

    Globally, from September 2012 to September 25, 2014, the WHO has been informed of a total of 846 laboratory-confirmed cases of infection with MERS-CoV, including 298 deaths. All cases have either occurred in the Middle East or have had direct links to a primary case infected in the Middle East. The public health risk posed by MERS-CoV in Canada remains low (see the PHAC Assessment of Public Health Risk).
    Documents related to the public health risk of MERS-CoV, as well as guidance for health professionals and advice for the public is updated regularly on the following websites:
    PHAC - Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
    WHO - Coronavirus infections

    Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68)

    As of September 26, 2014, confirmed cases of EV-D68 have been reported in Western and Central Canada. The EV-D68 strains detected in Canada match those associated with clusters of cases reported in the United States in recent months. Fall is the peak season for enterovirus circulation in both Canada and the US.
    Enterovirus D68: A Rapid Review for Canadian Public Health Practitioners
    CDC MMWR: Severe Respiratory Illness Associated with Enterovirus D68 Missouri and Illinois, 2014 (12 Sep 2014)

    .../
    http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/.../index-eng.php
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

    Comment


    • #3
      Re: Canada FluWatch Weekly Reports 2014-2015 Season Weeks 39 and 40

      FluWatch report: September21 to October 4, 2014 (Weeks 39 and 40)

      Posted 2014-10-10For readers interested in the <ABBR title="Portable Document Format">PDF</ABBR> version, the document is available for downloading or viewing:
      <A title="Flu Watch (Version PDF, 288 KB - 10 pages)" href="http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/14-15/w40_14/pdf/fw2014-40-eng.pdf">FluWatch report: September21 to October 4, 2014 (Weeks 39 and 40) (<ABBR title="Portable Document Format">PDF</ABBR> Version - 294 <ABBR title=Kilobytes>KB</ABBR> - 10 pages)

      Help with PDF documents


      Overall Summary
      • Several influenza indicators (activity levels, influenza detections, ILI and hospitalizations) continued to increase in weeks 39 and 40. Influenza activity was reported in several regions in six provinces (BC, AB, SK, MB, ON & QC) over the two-week period.
      • Early season influenza detections show influenza A(H3N2) to be the predominant virus circulating, followed by co-circulation of influenza B.
      • In week 39, six influenza outbreaks and two ILI outbreaks were reported. No new outbreaks were reported in week 40.
      • Among laboratory detections and hospitalizations, the majority of cases were ≥65 years of age.
      Are you a primary health care practitioner (General Practitioner, Nurse Practitioner or Registered Nurse) interested in becoming a FluWatch sentinel for the 2014-15 influenza season? Contact us at FluWatch@phac-aspc.gc.ca
      Influenza/ILI Activity (geographic spread)

      In weeks 39 and 40, the number of regions in Canada reporting influenza/ILI activity increased compared to the previous two week period. In week 39, five regions (BC(2), AB(1), ON(2)) reported localized activity, and 11 regions (BC(1), AB(4), SK(1), MB(1), ON(2) and QC(2)) reported sporadic activity. In week 40, two regions in Ontario reported localized activity, and 11 regions (BC(3), AB(4), ON(2) and QC(2)) reported sporadic activity (Figure 1).
      Figure 1. Map of overall influenza/ILI activity level by province and territory, Canada, Week 40





      Note: Influenza/ILI activity levels, as represented on this map, are assigned and reported by Provincial and Territorial Ministries of Health, based on laboratory confirmations, sentinel ILI rates and reported outbreaks. Please refer to detailed definitions at the end of the report. Maps from previous weeks, including any retrospective updates, are available on the FluWatch website.
      Text equivalent for figure 1Map of overall Influenza activity level by province and territory, Canada
      Influenza and Other Respiratory Virus Detections

      The number of positive influenza tests increased during weeks 39 and 40. The percent positive for influenza detections remains low, and reached 1.2% in week 40 (Figure 2). To date, 84% of influenza detections have been influenza A, and the majority of those subtyped have been A(H3) (Table 1). Among cases with reported age, the largest proportion was in those ≥65 years of age (55%) (Table 2).
      Figure 2. Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2014-15

      Text equivalent for figure 2Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2013-14
      In weeks 39 and 40, detections of other respiratory viruses were at inter-seasonal levels (RSV, coronavirus, and human metapneumovirus). Detections of parainfluenza were in keeping with their usual pattern of seasonal circulation. Detections of adenovirus were higher than in previous seasons. Detections of rhinovirus increased in week 39 to a level higher than observed in previous seasons, but decreased in week 40 (Figure 3).
      For more details, see the weekly Respiratory Virus Detections in Canada Report.
      Figure 3. Number of positive laboratory tests for other respiratory viruses by report week, Canada, 2014-15


      Top of Page

      RSV: Respiratory syncytial virus; hMPV: Human metapneumovirus
      Text equivalent for figure 3Overall Number of Influenza Outbreaks, Canada, by Report Week, 2013-2014
      <TABLE id=t1 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 1: Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens
      by type, subtype and province, Canada, 2014-15
      </CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=ar1 rowSpan=3>Reporting provinces <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TH id=ac1 colSpan=5>Two weeks (September 21 to October 4, 2014)</TH><TH id=ac8 colSpan=5>Cumulative
      (August 24 to October 4, 2014)
      </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=ac2 colSpan=4 headers=ac1>Influenza A</TH><TH id=ac7 headers=ac1>B</TH><TH id=ac9 colSpan=4 headers=ac8>Influenza A</TH><TH id=ac14 headers=ac8>B</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=ac3 headers="ac1 ac2">A Total</TH><TH id=ac4 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H1)pdm09</TH><TH id=ac5 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H3)</TH><TH id=ac6 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(UnS)</TH><TH class=alignCenter headers="ac1 ac7">B Total</TH><TH id=ac10 headers="ac8 ac9">A Total</TH><TH id=ac11 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H1)pdm09</TH><TH id=ac12 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H3)</TH><TH id=ac13 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ac8 ac14">B Total</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=11><SUP>1 </SUP>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
      <SUP>2 </SUP>Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
      UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
      </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=ar2 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>BC</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac3">18 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac6">18 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac7">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac10">25 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac11">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac12">5 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac13">18 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac14">2 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar3 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>AB</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac3">18 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac5">16 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac6">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac7">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac10">29 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac12">27 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac13">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac14">4 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar4 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>SK</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac3">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac6">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac10">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac13">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar5 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>MB</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac3">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac5">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac10">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac12">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac13">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar6 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>ON</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac3">8 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac4">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac5">6 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac6">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac7">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac10">13 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac11">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac12">9 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac13">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac14">4 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar7 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>QC</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac3">5 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac6">5 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac10">12 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac13">12 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac14">6 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar8 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NB</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac10">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac13">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar9 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NS</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac10">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac13">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar10 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>PE</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac10">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac13">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar11 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NL</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac3">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac6">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac10">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac13">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar12 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>Canada</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac3">52 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac4">1 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac5">23 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac6">28 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac7">5 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac10">84 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac11">3 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac12">42 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac13">39 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac14">16 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar13 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>Percentage<SUP>2</SUP></TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac3">91.2% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac4">1.9% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac5">44.2% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac6">53.8% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac7">8.8% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac10">84.0% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac11">3.6% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac12">50.0% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac13">46.4% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac14">16.0% </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
      <TABLE id=t2 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 2. Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens by type, subtype and age-group reported through case-based laboratory reporting<SUP>3</SUP>, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=br1 rowSpan=3>Age groups (years)</TH><TH id=bc1 colSpan=5>Two weeks
      (September 21 to October 4, 2014)
      </TH><TH id=bc8 colSpan=7>Cumulative
      (August 24 to October 4, 2014)
      </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=bc2 colSpan=4 headers=bc1>Influenza A</TH><TH id=bc7 headers=bc1>B</TH><TH id=bc9 colSpan=4 headers=bc8>Influenza A</TH><TH id=bc14 headers=bc8>B</TH><TH id=bc15 colSpan=2 headers=bc8>Influenza A and B</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=bc3 headers="bc1 bc2">A Total</TH><TH id=bc4 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A(H1) pdm09</TH><TH id=bc5 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A(H3)</TH><TH id=bc6 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A (UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="bc1 bc7">Total</TD><TH id=bc10 headers="bc8 bc9">A Total</TH><TH id=bc11 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc8 bc9">A(H1) pdm09</TH><TH id=bc12 class=bg-colour-blue headers="bc8 bc9">A(H3)</TH><TH id=bc13 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc8 bc9">A (UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="bc8 bc14">Total</TD><TH id=bc16 headers="bc8 bc15">#</TH><TH id=bc17 headers="bc8 bc15">%</TH></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=13><SUP id=footnote_t2_1>1 </SUP>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
      <SUP id=footnote_t2_2>2 </SUP>Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
      <SUP id=footnote_t2_3>3 </SUP>Table 2 includes specimens for which demographic information was reported. These represent a subset of all positive influenza cases reported.
      UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
      </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=br2 class=alignLeft headers=br1><5</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc3">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc4">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc5">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc10">5 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc11">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc12">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc13">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc14">5 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc16">10 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc17">9.5% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br3 class=alignLeft headers=br1>5-19</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc3">4 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc6">4 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc10">10 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc12">4 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc13">6 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc14">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc16">12 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc17">11.4% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br4 class=alignLeft headers=br1>20-44</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc3">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc10">6 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc12">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc13">6 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc14">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc16">7 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc17">6.7% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br5 class=alignLeft headers=br1>45-64</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc3">7 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc5">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc6">5 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc10">12 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc12">4 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc13">8 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc14">6 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc16">18 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc17">17.1% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br6 class=alignLeft headers=br1>65+</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc3">33 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc5">16 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc6">17 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc10">55 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc11">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc12">27 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc13">27 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc14">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc16">58 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc17">55.2% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br7 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Unknown</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc3">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc10">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc12">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc13">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc14">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc16">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc17">0.0% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br8 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Total</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc3">46 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc4">1 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc5">19 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc6">26 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc7">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc10">88 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc11">3 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc12">36 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc13">49 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc14">17 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc16">105 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc17">100.0% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br9 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Percentage<SUP>2</SUP></TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc3">93.9% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc4">2.2% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc5">41.3% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc6">56.5% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc7">6.1% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc10">83.8% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc11">3.4% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc12">40.9% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc13">55.7% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc14">16.2% </TD><TD class=alignRight></TD><TD class=alignRight></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>


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      Influenza Strain Characterizations

      The National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) has not yet reported any influenza strain characterizations for the 2014-15 season (Figure 4).
      Figure 4. Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2014-2015, N = 0
      <!---->
      The National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) has not yet conducted antigenic characterization of influenza viruses collected during the 2014-15 season.

      The NML receives a proportion of the number of influenza positive specimens from provincial laboratories for strain characterization and antiviral resistance testing. Characterization data reflect the results of haemagglutination inhibition (HAI) testing compared to the reference influenza strains recommended by WHO.
      The recommended components for the 2014-2015 northern hemisphere trivalent influenza vaccine include: an A/California/7/2009(H1N1)pdm09-like virus, an A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2)-like virus, and a B/Massachusetts/2/2012-like virus (Yamagata lineage). For quadrivalent vaccines, the addition of a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus is recommended.


      <!-- Text equivalent for figure 4Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2013-2014, N =3
      -->Antiviral Resistance

      The NML has not yet reported antiviral resistance results for influenza viruses collected during the 2014-15 season (Table 3).
      <TABLE class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION>Table 3. Antiviral resistance by influenza virus type and subtype, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t3hc1 rowSpan=2>Virus type and subtype</TH><TH id=t3hc2 colSpan=2>Oseltamivir</TH><TH id=t3hc3 colSpan=2>Zanamivir</TH><TH id=t3hc4 colSpan=2>Amantadine</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t3hc5 headers=t3hc2># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc6 headers=t3hc2># resistant (%)</TH><TH id=t3hc7 headers=t3hc3># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc8 headers=t3hc3># resistant (%)</TH><TH id=t3hc9 headers=t3hc4># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc10 headers=t3hc4># resistant (%)</TH></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=7><SUP>*</SUP> NA - not applicable</TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=t3hr1 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>A (H3N2)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc10">0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr2 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>A (H1N1)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc10">0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr3 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>B</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc9">NA <SUP>*</SUP></TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc10">NA <SUP>*</SUP></TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr4 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>TOTAL</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc10">0</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
      Influenza-like Illness (ILI) Consultation Rate

      The national influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rate continued to increase, and was 23.1 and 29.6 per 1,000 consultations in weeks 39 and 40, respectively (Figure 5). The rates since mid-June have been above the expected range for this time of year.
      Figure 5. Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2014-2015

      Note: No data available for mean rate for weeks 19 to 39 for the 1996-1997 through 2002-2003 seasons. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively. The calculation of the average ILI consultation rate over 17 seasons was aligned with influenza activity in each season. In BC, AB, and SK, data is compiled by a provincial sentinel surveillance program for reporting to FluWatch. The number of sentinel physicians in each province or territory is as follows: BC(21), AB(80), SK(11), MB(18), ON(169), QC(14), NB(29), NS(26), PE(4), NL(16), NU(1), NT(14), YT(13). Not all sentinel physicians report every week.
      Text equivalent for figure 5Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2013-2014

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      Influenza Outbreak Surveillance

      In week 39, five influenza outbreaks were reported in long-term care facilities. One was due to influenza B, and among the four due to influenza A, one was A(H3N2) and the others were A(unsubtyped) (Figure 6). Two outbreaks of influenza-like illness in schools, and one outbreak of A(H3N2) in another facility were also reported in the same week. No new outbreaks were reported in week 40.
      Figure 6. Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2014-2015

      1 All provinces and territories except NU report outbreaks in long-term care facilities. All provinces and territories with the exception of NU and QC report outbreaks in hospitals. Outbreaks of influenza or influenza-like-illness in other facilities are reported to FluWatch but reporting varies between jurisdictions. Outbreak definitions are included at the end of the report.
      Text equivalent for figure 6Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2013-2014
      Pharmacy Surveillance

      During this two-week period, the proportion of prescriptions for antivirals was approximately 9 antiviral prescriptions per 100,000 total prescriptions, which is in keeping with previous seasons (Figure 7).
      Figure 7. Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2014-15

      Note: Pharmacy sales data are provided to the Public Health Agency of Canada by Rx Canada Inc. and sourced from major retail drug chains representing over 3,000 stores nationwide (excluding Nunavut) in 85% of Health Regions. Data provided include the number of new antiviral prescriptions (for Tamiflu and Relenza) and the total number of new prescriptions dispensed by Province/Territory and age group. Age-groups: Infant: 0-2y, Child: 2-18y; Adult: 19-64y, Senior: ≥65y.
      Text equivalent for figure 7Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2013-14

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      Sentinel Hospital Influenza Surveillance

      Paediatric Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (IMPACT)
      In weeks 39 and 40, two new laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated paediatric (≤16 years of age) hospitalizations were reported by the Immunization Monitoring Program Active (IMPACT) network (Figure 8a). To date this season, five hospitalizations have been reported by the IMPACT network, all cases of influenza A (three A(H3N2) and two A(unsubtyped)). Two cases were admitted to the ICU. The age distribution of cases ranged from 2 to 16 years.
      Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through IMPACT represents a subset of all influenza-associated paediatric hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
      Adult Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (PCIRN)
      Surveillance of laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated adult (≥16 years of age) hospitalizations by the PHAC/CIHR Influenza Research Network (PCIRN) Serious Outcomes Surveillance (SOS) network has not yet begun for the 2014-15 season (Figure 8b).
      Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through PCIRN represents a subset of all influenza-associated adult hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
      Table 4 Cumulative numbers of paediatric hospitalizations with influenza reported by the IMPACT network, Canada, 2014-15
      Data suppressed for the 2014-15 season due to small values. Table 4 will be updated when additional data are received.

      <!-- <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" border="1" class="widthFull"> <caption class="alignCenter" id="t4"> Table 4 - Cumulative numbers of paediatric hospitalizations with influenza reported by the IMPACT network, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="dr1">Age groups </th> <th colspan="6" id="dc1">Cumulative (24 Aug. 2014 to 20 Sep. 2014) </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="dc2" headers="dc1">Influenza A </th> <th id="dc7" headers="dc1">B </th> <th id="dc8" headers="dc1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="dc3" headers="dc1 dc2">A Total </th> <th id="dc4" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th id="dc5" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A(H3) </th> <th id="dc6" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A (UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dc1 dc7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dc1 dc8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t4_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
      UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="dr2" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">0-5m </th> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">0 (0%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr3" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">6-23m </th> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0 (0%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr4" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">2-4y </th> <td class="alignCenter">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0 (0%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr5" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">5-9y </th> <td class="alignCenter">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0 (0%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr6" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">10-16y </th> <td class="alignCenter">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0</td> <td class="alignCenter">0 (0%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr7" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">Total </th> <td class="alignCenter">3</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">0</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">2</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">1</td> <td class="alignCenter">4</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr8" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">% <sup>1</sup></th> <td class="alignCenter">0.0%</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">0.0%</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">0.0%</td> <td class="alignCenter bg-colour-blue">0.0%</td> <td class="alignCenter">0.0%</td> <td class="alignCenter">0.0%</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> -->

      Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15
      PCIRN-SOS surveillance for the 2014-15 season has not yet begun.

      <!-- <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" border="1" class="widthFull"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="er1">Age groups </th> <th id="ec1" colspan="6" class="noWrap">Cumulative (data not yet available for 2014-15)<sup>*</sup></th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="ec2" headers="ec1">Influenza A </th> <th id="ec7" headers="ec1">B </th> <th id="ec8" headers="ec1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="ec3" headers="ec1 ec2">A Total </th> <th id="ec4" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th id="ec5" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H3) </th> <th id="ec6" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t5_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
      UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.

      <sup id="t5_star">*</sup>Two cases for which the influenza type has not yet been reported, and four cases for which the age-group was not reported, are not included in Table 5.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="er2" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">16-20 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er3" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">20-44 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er4" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">45-64 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er5" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">65+ </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er6" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">Total </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er7" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">% <sup>1</sup> </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>-->Figure 8 - Number of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2014-15
      A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

      Text equivalent for figure 8aNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
      B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

      * See footnote above following the section related to PCIRN-SOS data.
      <!-- Text equivalent for figure 8bNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (>16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
      -->Figure 9 - Percentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2014-15
      A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
      Data suppressed for the 2014-15 season due to small values. Figure 9A will be updated when additional data are received.


      Text equivalent for figure 9aPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
      B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

      <!-- Text equivalent for figure 9bPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (&ge;16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
      -->
      Top of Page

      Provincial/Territorial Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths

      Since the start of the 2014-15 season, 20 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations have been reported from participating provinces and territories<SUP>*</SUP>, 19 were cases of influenza A, of which the majority were A(H3N2); 50% were patients ≥65 years of age. No ICU admissions or deaths were reported.
      * Note: Influenza-associated hospitalizations are not reported to PHAC by the following Provinces and Territory: BC, NU, QC, and NB. Only hospitalizations that require intensive medical care are reported by Saskatchewan. ICU admissions are not distinguished among hospital admissions reported from Ontario. Data may also include cases reported by the IMPACT and PCIRN networks.
      <TABLE id=t6 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 6. Cumulative number of hospitalizations with influenza reported by the participating provinces and territories, Canada, 2013-14</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=fr1 rowSpan=3>Age groups </TH><TH id=fc1 colSpan=6>Cumulative (24 August 2014 to 4 October 2014)</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=fc2 colSpan=4 headers=fc1>Influenza A </TH><TH id=fc7 headers=fc1>B </TH><TH id=fc8 headers=fc1>Influenza A and B </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=fc3 headers="fc1 fc2">A Total </TH><TH id=fc4 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A(H1) pdm09 </TH><TH id=fc5 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A(H3) </TH><TH id=fc6 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A (UnS) </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fc7">Total</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fc8"># (%)</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=8><SUP>1</SUP> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
      UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
      </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=fr2 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>0-4 years </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc3">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc5">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc6">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc8">2 (10%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr3 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>5-19 years </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc3">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc5">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc8">3 (15%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr4 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>20-44 years </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc3">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc4">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc5">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc7">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc8">1 (5%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr5 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>45-64 years </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc3">3</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc5">3</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc7">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc8">4(20%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr6 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>65+ years </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc3">10</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc5">5</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc6">5</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc8">10 (50%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr7 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Unknown</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fc1 fr7 fc2 fc3">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fc1 fr7 fc2 fc4">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fc1 fr7 fc2 fc5">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fc1 fr7 fc2 fc6">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fc1 fr7 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fc1 fr7 fc8">0 (0%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr8 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Total </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc3">19 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc4">1 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc5">12 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc6">6 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc8">20 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr9 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Percentage <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc3">95.0% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc4">5.3% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc5">63.2% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc6">31.6% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc7">5.0% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc8">100.0% </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
      See additional data on Reported Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths in Canada: 2009-10 to 2014-15 on the Public Health Agency of Canada website.

      .../

      http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/.../index-eng.php
      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
      -Nelson Mandela

      Comment


      • #4
        Re: Canada FluWatch Weekly Reports 2014-2015 Season Week 41

        FluWatch report: October 5 to 11, 2014 (Week 41)

        Posted 2014-10-17For readers interested in the <ABBR title="Portable Document Format">PDF</ABBR> version, the document is available for downloading or viewing:
        <A title="Flu Watch (Version PDF, 288 KB - 10 pages)" href="http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/14-15/w41_14/pdf/fw2014-41-eng.pdf">FluWatch report: October 5 to 11, 2014 (Week 41) (<ABBR title="Portable Document Format">PDF</ABBR> Version - 294 <ABBR title=Kilobytes>KB</ABBR> - 10 pages)

        Help with PDF documents


        Overall Summary
        • Influenza indicators (activity levels, influenza detections, ILI and hospitalizations) in some regions across Canada continued to increase in week 41.
        • So far this year, the H3N2 has been the most common strain affecting Canadians.
        • So far this season, the majority of influenza laboratory detections and hospitalizations were in seniors ≥65 years of age.
        Are you a primary health care practitioner (General Practitioner, Nurse Practitioner or Registered Nurse) interested in becoming a FluWatch sentinel for the 2014-15 influenza season? Contact us at FluWatch@phac-aspc.gc.ca
        Influenza/ILI Activity (geographic spread)

        In week 41, the majority of regions in Canada reported no activity; however, three regions (BC(1), ON(2)) reported localized activity and 13 regions (BC(2), AB(4), MB(1), ON(2) and QC(4)) reported sporadic activity (Figure 1).
        Figure 1. Map of overall influenza/ILI activity level by province and territory, Canada, Week 41





        Note: Influenza/ILI activity levels, as represented on this map, are assigned and reported by Provincial and Territorial Ministries of Health, based on laboratory confirmations, sentinel ILI rates and reported outbreaks. Please refer to detailed definitions at the end of the report. Maps from previous weeks, including any retrospective updates, are available on the FluWatch website.
        Text equivalent for figure 1Map of overall Influenza activity level by province and territory, Canada
        Influenza and Other Respiratory Virus Detections

        The number of positive influenza tests continued to increase in week 41 to 50 influenza detections (1.7% of tests) (Figure 2). To date, 86% of influenza detections have been influenza A, and the majority of those subtyped have been A(H3) (Table 1). Among cases with reported age, the largest proportion was in those ≥65 years of age (56%) (Table 2).
        Figure 2. Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2014-15

        Text equivalent for figure 2Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2013-14
        In week 41, detections of some respiratory viruses were at inter-seasonal levels (human metapneumovirus) or in keeping with their usual pattern of seasonal circulation (RSV, parainfluenza, and coronavirus). Detections of adenovirus were higher than in previous seasons. Detections of rhinovirus seem to have peaked in week 39 at a level higher than observed in previous seasons, but decreased over the past two weeks (Figure 3).
        For more details, see the weekly Respiratory Virus Detections in Canada Report.
        Figure 3. Number of positive laboratory tests for other respiratory viruses by report week, Canada, 2014-15


        Top of Page

        RSV: Respiratory syncytial virus; hMPV: Human metapneumovirus
        Text equivalent for figure 3Overall Number of Influenza Outbreaks, Canada, by Report Week, 2013-2014
        <TABLE id=t1 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 1: Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens
        by type, subtype and province, Canada, 2014-15
        </CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=ar1 rowSpan=3>Reporting provinces <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TH id=ac1 colSpan=5>Two weeks (October 5 to 11, 2014)</TH><TH id=ac8 colSpan=5>Cumulative
        (August 24 to October 11, 2014)
        </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=ac2 colSpan=4 headers=ac1>Influenza A</TH><TH id=ac7 headers=ac1>B</TH><TH id=ac9 colSpan=4 headers=ac8>Influenza A</TH><TH id=ac14 headers=ac8>B</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=ac3 headers="ac1 ac2">A Total</TH><TH id=ac4 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H1)pdm09</TH><TH id=ac5 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H3)</TH><TH id=ac6 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(UnS)</TH><TH class=alignCenter headers="ac1 ac7">B Total</TH><TH id=ac10 headers="ac8 ac9">A Total</TH><TH id=ac11 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H1)pdm09</TH><TH id=ac12 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H3)</TH><TH id=ac13 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ac8 ac14">B Total</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=11><SUP>1 </SUP>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
        <SUP>2 </SUP>Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
        UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
        </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=ar2 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>BC</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac3">25 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac5">17 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac6">8 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac10">49 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac11">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac12">35 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac13">12 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac14">2 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar3 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>AB</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac3">10 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac5">6 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac6">4 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac7">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac10">40 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac12">34 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac13">6 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac14">7 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar4 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>SK</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac10">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac13">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar5 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>MB</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac7">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac10">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac12">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac13">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac14">1 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar6 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>ON</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac3">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac5">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac6">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac7">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac10">18 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac11">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac12">11 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac13">6 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac14">5 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar7 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>QC</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac3">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac6">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac10">17 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac13">17 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac14">6 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar8 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NB</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac10">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac13">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar9 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NS</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac10">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac13">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar10 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>PE</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac10">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac13">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar11 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NL</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac10">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac13">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar12 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>Canada</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac3">45 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac5">25 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac6">20 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac7">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac10">129 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac11">3 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac12">81 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac13">45 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac14">21 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar13 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>Percentage<SUP>2</SUP></TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac3">90.0% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac4">0.0% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac5">55.6% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac6">44.4% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac7">10.0% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac10">86.0% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac11">2.3% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac12">62.8% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac13">34.9% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac14">14.0% </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
        <TABLE id=t2 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 2. Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens by type, subtype and age-group reported through case-based laboratory reporting<SUP>3</SUP>, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=br1 rowSpan=3>Age groups (years)</TH><TH id=bc1 colSpan=5>Two weeks
        (October 5 to October 11, 2014)
        </TH><TH id=bc8 colSpan=7>Cumulative
        (August 24 to October 11, 2014)
        </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=bc2 colSpan=4 headers=bc1>Influenza A</TH><TH id=bc7 headers=bc1>B</TH><TH id=bc9 colSpan=4 headers=bc8>Influenza A</TH><TH id=bc14 headers=bc8>B</TH><TH id=bc15 colSpan=2 headers=bc8>Influenza A and B</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=bc3 headers="bc1 bc2">A Total</TH><TH id=bc4 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A(H1) pdm09</TH><TH id=bc5 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A(H3)</TH><TH id=bc6 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A (UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="bc1 bc7">Total</TD><TH id=bc10 headers="bc8 bc9">A Total</TH><TH id=bc11 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc8 bc9">A(H1) pdm09</TH><TH id=bc12 class=bg-colour-blue headers="bc8 bc9">A(H3)</TH><TH id=bc13 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc8 bc9">A (UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="bc8 bc14">Total</TD><TH id=bc16 headers="bc8 bc15">#</TH><TH id=bc17 headers="bc8 bc15">%</TH></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=13><SUP id=footnote_t2_1>1 </SUP>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
        <SUP id=footnote_t2_2>2 </SUP>Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
        <SUP id=footnote_t2_3>3 </SUP>Table 2 includes specimens for which demographic information was reported. These represent a subset of all positive influenza cases reported.
        UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
        </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=br2 class=alignLeft headers=br1><5</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc3">4 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc5">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc6">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc7">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc10">11 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc11">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc12">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc13">4 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc14">7 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc16">18 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc17">12.3% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br3 class=alignLeft headers=br1>5-19</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc10">11 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc12">6 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc13">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc14">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc16">14 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc17">9.6% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br4 class=alignLeft headers=br1>20-44</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc3">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc5">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc10">9 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc12">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc13">8 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc14">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc16">10 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc17">6.8% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br5 class=alignLeft headers=br1>45-64</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc3">4 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc5">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc6">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc10">16 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc12">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc13">11 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc14">6 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc16">22 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc17">15.1% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br6 class=alignLeft headers=br1>65+</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc3">14 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc5">4 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc6">10 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc10">78 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc11">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc12">38 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc13">39 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc14">4 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc16">82 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc17">56.2% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br7 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Unknown</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc10">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc13">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc14">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc16">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc17">0.0% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br8 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Total</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc3">23 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc5">8 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc6">15 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc7">4 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc10">125 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc11">3 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc12">55 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc13">67 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc14">21 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc16">146 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc17">100.0% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br9 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Percentage<SUP>2</SUP></TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc3">85.2% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc4">0.0% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc5">34.8% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc6">65.2% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc7">14.8% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc10">85.6% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc11">2.4% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc12">44.0% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc13">53.6% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc14">14.4% </TD><TD class=alignCenter></TD><TD class=alignCenter></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>


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        Influenza Strain Characterizations

        During the 2014-2015 influenza season, the National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) has antigenically characterized 2 influenza viruses [one A(H3N2) and one influenza B]. Both viruses were similar to the strains recommended by the WHO for the 2014-15 seasonal influenza vaccine. (Figure 4).
        Figure 4. Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2014-2015, N = 2

        The NML receives a proportion of the number of influenza positive specimens from provincial laboratories for strain characterization and antiviral resistance testing. Characterization data reflect the results of haemagglutination inhibition (HAI) testing compared to the reference influenza strains recommended by WHO.
        The recommended components for the 2014-2015 northern hemisphere trivalent influenza vaccine include: an A/California/7/2009(H1N1)pdm09-like virus, an A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2)-like virus, and a B/Massachusetts/2/2012-like virus (Yamagata lineage). For quadrivalent vaccines, the addition of a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus is recommended.


        Text equivalent for figure 4Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2013-2014, N =3
        Antiviral Resistance

        During the 2014-2015 influenza season, NML has tested 2 influenza viruses for resistance to oseltamivir and zanamivir and both were sensitive to both agents. The one influenza A virus tested for amantadine resistance was resistant (Table 3).
        <TABLE class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION>Table 3. Antiviral resistance by influenza virus type and subtype, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t3hc1 rowSpan=2>Virus type and subtype</TH><TH id=t3hc2 colSpan=2>Oseltamivir</TH><TH id=t3hc3 colSpan=2>Zanamivir</TH><TH id=t3hc4 colSpan=2>Amantadine</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t3hc5 headers=t3hc2># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc6 headers=t3hc2># resistant (%)</TH><TH id=t3hc7 headers=t3hc3># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc8 headers=t3hc3># resistant (%)</TH><TH id=t3hc9 headers=t3hc4># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc10 headers=t3hc4># resistant (%)</TH></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=7><SUP>*</SUP> NA - not applicable</TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=t3hr1 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>A (H3N2)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc5">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc7">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc9">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc10">1(100%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr2 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>A (H1N1)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc10">0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr3 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>B</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc5">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc7">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc9">NA <SUP>*</SUP></TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc10">NA <SUP>*</SUP></TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr4 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>TOTAL</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc5">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc7">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc9">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc10">1</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
        Influenza-like Illness (ILI) Consultation Rate

        The national influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rate continued to increase, and was 31.6 per 1,000 consultations in week 41 (Figure 5). The rates since mid-June have been above the expected range for this time of year.
        Figure 5. Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2014-2015

        Note: No data available for mean rate for weeks 19 to 39 for the 1996-1997 through 2002-2003 seasons. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively. The calculation of the average ILI consultation rate over 17 seasons was aligned with influenza activity in each season. In BC, AB, and SK, data is compiled by a provincial sentinel surveillance program for reporting to FluWatch. The number of sentinel physicians in each province or territory is as follows: BC(21), AB(80), SK(11), MB(18), ON(169), QC(14), NB(29), NS(26), PE(4), NL(16), NU(1), NT(14), YT(13). Not all sentinel physicians report every week.
        Text equivalent for figure 5Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2013-2014

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        Influenza Outbreak Surveillance

        In week 41, one new outbreak of influenza B was reported in a long-term care facility (Figure 6).
        Figure 6. Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2014-2015

        1 All provinces and territories except NU report outbreaks in long-term care facilities. All provinces and territories with the exception of NU and QC report outbreaks in hospitals. Outbreaks of influenza or influenza-like-illness in other facilities are reported to FluWatch but reporting varies between jurisdictions. Outbreak definitions are included at the end of the report.
        Text equivalent for figure 6Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2013-2014
        Pharmacy Surveillance

        During week 41, the proportion of prescriptions for antivirals was approximately 11 antiviral prescriptions per 100,000 total prescriptions, which is in keeping with previous seasons (Figure 7).
        Figure 7. Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2014-15

        Note: Pharmacy sales data are provided to the Public Health Agency of Canada by Rx Canada Inc. and sourced from major retail drug chains representing over 3,000 stores nationwide (excluding Nunavut) in 85% of Health Regions. Data provided include the number of new antiviral prescriptions (for Tamiflu and Relenza) and the total number of new prescriptions dispensed by Province/Territory and age group. Age-groups: Infant: 0-2y, Child: 2-18y; Adult: 19-64y, Senior: ≥65y.
        Text equivalent for figure 7Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2013-14

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        Sentinel Hospital Influenza Surveillance

        Paediatric Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (IMPACT)
        In week 41, two new laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated paediatric (≤16 years of age) hospitalizations were reported by the Immunization Monitoring Program Active (IMPACT) network (Figure 8a). To date this season, seven hospitalizations have been reported by the IMPACT network, all cases of influenza A, and four of the seven were A(H3N2) (Table 4). To date, two cases were admitted to the ICU (Figure 9a).
        Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through IMPACT represents a subset of all influenza-associated paediatric hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
        Adult Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (PCIRN)
        Surveillance of laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated adult (≥16 years of age) hospitalizations by the PHAC/CIHR Influenza Research Network (PCIRN) Serious Outcomes Surveillance (SOS) network has not yet begun for the 2014-15 season (Figure 8b).
        Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through PCIRN represents a subset of all influenza-associated adult hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
        <TABLE class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION id=t4 class=alignCenter>Table 4 - Cumulative numbers of paediatric hospitalizations with influenza reported by the IMPACT network, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=dr1 rowSpan=3>Age groups </TH><TH id=dc1 colSpan=6>Cumulative (Aug. 24, 2014 to October 11, 2014) </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=dc2 colSpan=4 headers=dc1>Influenza A </TH><TH id=dc7 headers=dc1>B </TH><TH id=dc8 headers=dc1>Influenza A and B </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=dc3 headers="dc1 dc2">A Total </TH><TH id=dc4 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A(H1) pdm09 </TH><TH id=dc5 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A(H3) </TH><TH id=dc6 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A (UnS) </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dc1 dc7">Total</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dc1 dc8"># (%)</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=7><SUP id=footnote_t4_1>1</SUP> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
        UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
        </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=dr2 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>0-5m </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc8">0(0%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr3 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>6-23m </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc3">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc4">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc5">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc8">2(29%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr4 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>2-4y </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc3">3</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc5">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc6">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc8">3(43%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr5 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>5-9y </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc3">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc5">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc8">1(14%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr6 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>10-16y </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc3">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc5">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc8">1(14%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr7 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>Total </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc3">7</TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc4">1</TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc5">4</TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc6">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc8">7</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr8 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>% <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc3">100.0% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc4">14.3% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc5">57.1% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc6">28.6% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc7">0.0% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc8">100.0% </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
        Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15
        PCIRN-SOS surveillance for the 2014-15 season has not yet begun.

        <!-- <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" border="1" class="widthFull"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="er1">Age groups </th> <th id="ec1" colspan="6" class="noWrap">Cumulative (data not yet available for 2014-15)<sup>*</sup></th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="ec2" headers="ec1">Influenza A </th> <th id="ec7" headers="ec1">B </th> <th id="ec8" headers="ec1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="ec3" headers="ec1 ec2">A Total </th> <th id="ec4" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th id="ec5" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H3) </th> <th id="ec6" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t5_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
        UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.

        <sup id="t5_star">*</sup>Two cases for which the influenza type has not yet been reported, and four cases for which the age-group was not reported, are not included in Table 5.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="er2" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">16-20 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er3" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">20-44 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er4" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">45-64 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er5" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">65+ </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er6" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">Total </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er7" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">% <sup>1</sup> </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>-->Figure 8 - Number of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2014-15
        A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

        Text equivalent for figure 8aNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
        B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

        * See footnote above following the section related to PCIRN-SOS data.
        <!-- Text equivalent for figure 8bNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (>16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
        -->Figure 9 - Percentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2014-15
        A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

        Text equivalent for figure 9aPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
        B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

        <!-- Text equivalent for figure 9bPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (&ge;16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
        -->
        Top of Page

        Provincial/Territorial Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths

        Since the start of the 2014-15 season, 25 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations have been reported from participating provinces and territories*; 24 were cases of influenza A, of which the majority were A(H3N2); 56% were patients ≥65 years of age. No ICU admissions were reported. Two deaths with influenza A(H3N2) have been reported in adults ≥45 years of age. There is a reporting delay from some regions that have not yet begun surveillance and/or submission of weekly reports.
        * Note: Influenza-associated hospitalizations are not reported to PHAC by the following Provinces and Territory: BC, NU, QC, and NB. Only hospitalizations that require intensive medical care are reported by Saskatchewan. ICU admissions are not distinguished among hospital admissions reported from Ontario. Data may also include cases reported by the IMPACT and PCIRN networks.
        <TABLE id=t6 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 6. Cumulative number of hospitalizations with influenza reported by the participating provinces and territories, Canada, 2013-14</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=fr1 rowSpan=3>Age groups </TH><TH id=fc1 colSpan=6>Cumulative (24 August 2014 to 11 October 2014)</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=fc2 colSpan=4 headers=fc1>Influenza A </TH><TH id=fc7 headers=fc1>B </TH><TH id=fc8 headers=fc1>Influenza A and B </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=fc3 headers="fc1 fc2">A Total </TH><TH id=fc4 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A(H1) pdm09 </TH><TH id=fc5 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A(H3) </TH><TH id=fc6 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A (UnS) </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fc7">Total</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fc8"># (%)</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=8><SUP>1</SUP> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
        UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
        </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=fr2 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>0-4 years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc3">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc5">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc6">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc8">2 (8%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr3 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>5-19 years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc3">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc5">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc8">3 (12%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr4 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>20-44 years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc3">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc4">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc8">1 (4%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr5 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>45-64 years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc3">4</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc5">4</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc7">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc8">5(20%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr6 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>65+ years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc3">14</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc5">9</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc6">5</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc8">14 (56%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr7 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Unknown</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fr7 fc2 fc3">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fr7 fc2 fc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fr7 fc2 fc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fr7 fc2 fc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fr7 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fr7 fc8">0 (0%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr8 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Total </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc3">24 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc4">1 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc5">17 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc6">6 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc8">25 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr9 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Percentage <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc3">96.0% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc4">4.2% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc5">70.8% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc6">25.0% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc7">4.0% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc8">100.0% </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
        See additional data on Reported Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths in Canada: 2009-10 to 2014-15 on the Public Health Agency of Canada website.

        .../
        http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/.../index-eng.php
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        Comment


        • #5
          Re: Canada FluWatch Weekly Reports 2014-2015 Season Week 41

          FluWatch report: October 12 to 18, 2014 (Week 42)

          Posted 2014-10-24For readers interested in the <ABBR title="Portable Document Format">PDF</ABBR> version, the document is available for downloading or viewing:
          <A title="Flu Watch (Version PDF, 288 KB - 10 pages)" href="http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/14-15/w42_14/pdf/fw2014-42-eng.pdf">FluWatch report: October 12 to 18, 2014 (Week 42) (<ABBR title="Portable Document Format">PDF</ABBR> Version - 294 <ABBR title=Kilobytes>KB</ABBR> - 10 pages)

          Help with PDF documents


          Overall Summary
          • Influenza indicators (activity levels, influenza detections, influenza outbreaks and hospitalizations) in some regions across Canada continued to increase in week 42.
          • So far this season, A(H3N2) has been the most common type of influenza affecting Canadians.
          • To date, the majority of influenza laboratory detections and hospitalizations have been in seniors ≥65 years of age.
          Are you a primary health care practitioner (General Practitioner, Nurse Practitioner or Registered Nurse) interested in becoming a FluWatch sentinel for the 2014-15 influenza season? Contact us at FluWatch@phac-aspc.gc.ca
          Influenza/ILI Activity (geographic spread)

          In week 42, the majority of regions in Canada reported no activity; however, two regions (BC(1), ON(1)) reported localized activity and 12 regions (BC(2), AB(4), ON(3) and QC(3)) reported sporadic activity (Figure 1).
          Figure 1. Map of overall influenza/ILI activity level by province and territory, Canada, Week 42





          Note: Influenza/ILI activity levels, as represented on this map, are assigned and reported by Provincial and Territorial Ministries of Health, based on laboratory confirmations, sentinel ILI rates and reported outbreaks. Please refer to detailed definitions at the end of the report. Maps from previous weeks, including any retrospective updates, are available on the FluWatch website.
          Text equivalent for figure 1Map of overall Influenza activity level by province and territory, Canada
          Influenza and Other Respiratory Virus Detections

          The number of positive influenza tests continued to increase in week 42 to 48 influenza detections (1.9% of tests) (Figure 2). To date, 79% of influenza detections have been influenza A, and the majority of those subtyped have been A(H3) (Table 1). The number of positive influenza B detections has increased over the past two weeks as well. Among cases with reported age, the largest proportion was in those ≥65 years of age (52%) (Table 2).
          Figure 2. Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2014-15

          Text equivalent for figure 2Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2013-14
          In week 42, detections of other respiratory viruses were in keeping with their usual pattern of seasonal circulation. Detections of adenovirus in recent weeks have been slightly higher than observed in previous seasons. Detections of rhinovirus peaked in week 39 and have decreased over the past three weeks; however, more detections of rhinovirus were reported this year compared to previous seasons (Figure 3).
          For more details, see the weekly Respiratory Virus Detections in Canada Report.
          Figure 3. Number of positive laboratory tests for other respiratory viruses by report week, Canada, 2014-15


          Top of Page

          RSV: Respiratory syncytial virus; hMPV: Human metapneumovirus
          Text equivalent for figure 3Overall Number of Influenza Outbreaks, Canada, by Report Week, 2013-2014
          <TABLE id=t1 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 1: Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens
          by type, subtype and province, Canada, 2014-15
          </CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=ar1 rowSpan=3>Reporting provinces <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TH id=ac1 colSpan=5>Weekly (October 12 to 18, 2014)</TH><TH id=ac8 colSpan=5>Cumulative
          (August 24 to October 18, 2014)
          </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=ac2 colSpan=4 headers=ac1>Influenza A</TH><TH id=ac7 headers=ac1>B</TH><TH id=ac9 colSpan=4 headers=ac8>Influenza A</TH><TH id=ac14 headers=ac8>B</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=ac3 headers="ac1 ac2">A Total</TH><TH id=ac4 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H1)pdm09</TH><TH id=ac5 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H3)</TH><TH id=ac6 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(UnS)</TH><TH class=alignCenter headers="ac1 ac7">B Total</TH><TH id=ac10 headers="ac8 ac9">A Total</TH><TH id=ac11 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H1)pdm09</TH><TH id=ac12 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H3)</TH><TH id=ac13 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ac8 ac14">B Total</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=11><SUP>1 </SUP>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
          <SUP>2 </SUP>Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
          UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
          </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=ar2 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>BC</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac3">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac6">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac7">6 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac10">37 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac11">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac12">32 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac13">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac14">12 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar3 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>AB</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac3">19 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac5">12 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac6">7 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac7">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac10">59 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac12">49 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac13">10 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac14">9 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar4 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>SK</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac10">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac13">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar5 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>MB</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac10">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac12">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac13">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac14">1 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar6 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>ON</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac3">6 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac4">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac5">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac6">4 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac7">5 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac10">24 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac11">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac12">13 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac13">9 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac14">10 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar7 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>QC</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac3">5 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac6">5 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac7">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac10">22 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac13">22 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac14">8 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar8 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NB</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac10">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac13">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar9 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NS</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac10">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac13">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar10 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>PE</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac10">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac13">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar11 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NL</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac10">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac13">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar12 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>Canada</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac3">32 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac4">1 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac5">13 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac6">18 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac7">16 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac10">147 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac11">4 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac12">95 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac13">48 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac14">40 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar13 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>Percentage<SUP>2</SUP></TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac3">66.7% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac4">3.1% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac5">40.6% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac6">56.3% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac7">33.3% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac10">78.6% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac11">2.7% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac12">64.6% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac13">32.7% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac14">21.4% </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
          <TABLE id=t2 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 2. Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens by type, subtype and age-group reported through case-based laboratory reporting<SUP>3</SUP>, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=br1 rowSpan=3>Age groups (years)</TH><TH id=bc1 colSpan=5>Weekly
          (October 12 to October 18, 2014)
          </TH><TH id=bc8 colSpan=7>Cumulative
          (August 24 to October 18, 2014)
          </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=bc2 colSpan=4 headers=bc1>Influenza A</TH><TH id=bc7 headers=bc1>B</TH><TH id=bc9 colSpan=4 headers=bc8>Influenza A</TH><TH id=bc14 headers=bc8>B</TH><TH id=bc15 colSpan=2 headers=bc8>Influenza A and B</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=bc3 headers="bc1 bc2">A Total</TH><TH id=bc4 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A(H1) pdm09</TH><TH id=bc5 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A(H3)</TH><TH id=bc6 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A (UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="bc1 bc7">Total</TD><TH id=bc10 headers="bc8 bc9">A Total</TH><TH id=bc11 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc8 bc9">A(H1) pdm09</TH><TH id=bc12 class=bg-colour-blue headers="bc8 bc9">A(H3)</TH><TH id=bc13 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc8 bc9">A (UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="bc8 bc14">Total</TD><TH id=bc16 headers="bc8 bc15">#</TH><TH id=bc17 headers="bc8 bc15">%</TH></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=13><SUP id=footnote_t2_1>1 </SUP>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
          <SUP id=footnote_t2_2>2 </SUP>Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
          <SUP id=footnote_t2_3>3 </SUP>Table 2 includes specimens for which demographic information was reported. These represent a subset of all positive influenza cases reported.
          UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
          </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=br2 class=alignLeft headers=br1><5</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc3">4 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc5">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc6">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc10">18 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc11">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc12">7 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc13">8 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc14">7 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc16">25 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc17">13.5% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br3 class=alignLeft headers=br1>5-19</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc3">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc5">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc6">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc10">16 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc12">7 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc13">9 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc14">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc16">19 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc17">10.3% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br4 class=alignLeft headers=br1>20-44</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc3">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc5">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc6">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc10">13 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc12">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc13">11 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc14">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc16">15 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc17">8.1% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br5 class=alignLeft headers=br1>45-64</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc3">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc6">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc7">6 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc10">17 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc12">6 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc13">11 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc14">12 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc16">29 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc17">15.7% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br6 class=alignLeft headers=br1>65+</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc3">9 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc5">7 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc6">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc7">4 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc10">85 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc11">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc12">41 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc13">43 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc14">12 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc16">97 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc17">52.4% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br7 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Unknown</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc3">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc10">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc12">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc13">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc14">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc16">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc17">0.0% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br8 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Total</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc3">20 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc5">10 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc6">10 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc7">11 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc10">149 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc11">4 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc12">63 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc13">82 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc14">36 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc16">185 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc17">100.0% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br9 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Percentage<SUP>2</SUP></TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc3">64.5% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc4">0.0% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc5">50.0% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc6">50.0% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc7">35.5% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc10">80.5% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc11">2.7% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc12">42.3% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc13">55.0% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc14">19.5% </TD><TD class=alignRight></TD><TD class=alignRight></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>


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          Influenza Strain Characterizations

          During the 2014-2015 influenza season, the National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) has antigenically characterized 2 influenza viruses [one A(H3N2) and one influenza B]. Both viruses were similar to the strains recommended by the WHO for the 2014-15 seasonal influenza vaccine. (Figure 4).
          Figure 4. Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2014-2015, N = 2

          The NML receives a proportion of the number of influenza positive specimens from provincial laboratories for strain characterization and antiviral resistance testing. Characterization data reflect the results of haemagglutination inhibition (HAI) testing compared to the reference influenza strains recommended by WHO.
          The recommended components for the 2014-2015 northern hemisphere trivalent influenza vaccine include: an A/California/7/2009(H1N1)pdm09-like virus, an A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2)-like virus, and a B/Massachusetts/2/2012-like virus (Yamagata lineage). For quadrivalent vaccines, the addition of a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus is recommended.


          Text equivalent for figure 4Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2013-2014, N =3
          Antiviral Resistance

          During the 2014-2015 influenza season, NML has tested 3 influenza viruses for resistance to oseltamivir and zanamivir and all were sensitive to both agents. The two influenza A(H3N2) viruses tested for amantadine resistance were both resistant (Table 3).
          <TABLE class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION>Table 3. Antiviral resistance by influenza virus type and subtype, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t3hc1 rowSpan=2>Virus type and subtype</TH><TH id=t3hc2 colSpan=2>Oseltamivir</TH><TH id=t3hc3 colSpan=2>Zanamivir</TH><TH id=t3hc4 colSpan=2>Amantadine</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t3hc5 headers=t3hc2># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc6 headers=t3hc2># resistant (%)</TH><TH id=t3hc7 headers=t3hc3># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc8 headers=t3hc3># resistant (%)</TH><TH id=t3hc9 headers=t3hc4># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc10 headers=t3hc4># resistant (%)</TH></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=7><SUP>*</SUP> NA - not applicable</TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=t3hr1 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>A (H3N2)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc5">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc7">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc9">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc10">2(100%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr2 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>A (H1N1)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc10">0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr3 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>B</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc5">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc7">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc9">NA <SUP>*</SUP></TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc10">NA <SUP>*</SUP></TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr4 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>TOTAL</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc5">3</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc7">3</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc9">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc10">2</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
          Influenza-like Illness (ILI) Consultation Rate

          The national influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rate decreased in week 42 to 28.1 consultations per 1,000 (Figure 5).The rates since mid-June have been above the expected range for this time of year.
          Figure 5. Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2014-2015

          Note: No data available for mean rate for weeks 19 to 39 for the 1996-1997 through 2002-2003 seasons. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively. The calculation of the average ILI consultation rate over 17 seasons was aligned with influenza activity in each season. In BC, AB, and SK, data is compiled by a provincial sentinel surveillance program for reporting to FluWatch. The number of sentinel physicians in each province or territory is as follows: BC(21), AB(80), SK(11), MB(18), ON(169), QC(14), NB(29), NS(26), PE(4), NL(16), NU(1), NT(14), YT(13). Not all sentinel physicians report every week.
          Text equivalent for figure 5Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2013-2014

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          Influenza Outbreak Surveillance

          In week 42, three new outbreaks of influenza were reported in long-term care facility (Figure 6).
          Figure 6. Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2014-2015

          1 All provinces and territories except NU report outbreaks in long-term care facilities. All provinces and territories with the exception of NU and QC report outbreaks in hospitals. Outbreaks of influenza or influenza-like-illness in other facilities are reported to FluWatch but reporting varies between jurisdictions. Outbreak definitions are included at the end of the report.
          Text equivalent for figure 6Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2013-2014
          Pharmacy Surveillance

          During week 42, the proportion of prescriptions for antivirals increased to 16.3 antiviral prescriptions per 100,000 total prescriptions, which is in keeping with previous seasons (Figure 7).
          Figure 7. Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2014-15

          Note: Pharmacy sales data are provided to the Public Health Agency of Canada by Rx Canada Inc. and sourced from major retail drug chains representing over 3,000 stores nationwide (excluding Nunavut) in 85% of Health Regions. Data provided include the number of new antiviral prescriptions (for Tamiflu and Relenza) and the total number of new prescriptions dispensed by Province/Territory and age group. Age-groups: Infant: 0-2y, Child: 2-18y; Adult: 19-64y, Senior: ≥65y.
          Text equivalent for figure 7Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2013-14

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          Sentinel Hospital Influenza Surveillance

          Paediatric Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (IMPACT)
          In week 42, one new laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated paediatric (≤16 years of age) hospitalization was reported by the Immunization Monitoring Program Active (IMPACT) network (Figure 8a). To date this season, eight hospitalizations have been reported by the IMPACT network, all cases were influenza A, and five of the eight were A(H3N2) (Table 4). To date, two cases were admitted to the ICU (Figure 9a).
          Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through IMPACT represents a subset of all influenza-associated paediatric hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
          Adult Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (PCIRN)
          Surveillance of laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated adult (≥16 years of age) hospitalizations by the PHAC/CIHR Influenza Research Network (PCIRN) Serious Outcomes Surveillance (SOS) network has not yet begun for the 2014-15 season (Figure 8b).
          Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through PCIRN represents a subset of all influenza-associated adult hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
          <TABLE class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION id=t4 class=alignCenter>Table 4 - Cumulative numbers of paediatric hospitalizations with influenza reported by the IMPACT network, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=dr1 rowSpan=3>Age groups </TH><TH id=dc1 colSpan=6>Cumulative (Aug. 24, 2014 to October 18, 2014) </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=dc2 colSpan=4 headers=dc1>Influenza A </TH><TH id=dc7 headers=dc1>B </TH><TH id=dc8 headers=dc1>Influenza A and B </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=dc3 headers="dc1 dc2">A Total </TH><TH id=dc4 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A(H1) pdm09 </TH><TH id=dc5 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A(H3) </TH><TH id=dc6 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A (UnS) </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dc1 dc7">Total</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dc1 dc8"># (%)</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=7><SUP id=footnote_t4_1>1</SUP> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
          UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
          </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=dr2 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>0-5m </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc3">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc4">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc6">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc8">0(0%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr3 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>6-23m </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc3">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc4">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc5">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc6">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc8">2(25%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr4 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>2-4y </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc3">3</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc4">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc5">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc6">2</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc8">3(38%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr5 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>5-9y </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc3">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc4">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc5">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc6">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc8">1(13%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr6 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>10-16y </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc3">2</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc4">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc5">2</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc6">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc8">2(25%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr7 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>Total </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc3">8</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc4">1</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc5">5</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc6">2</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc8">8</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr8 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>% <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc3">100.0% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc4">12.5% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc5">62.5% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc6">25.0% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc7">0.0% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc8">100.0% </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
          Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15
          PCIRN-SOS surveillance for the 2014-15 season has not yet begun.

          <!-- <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" border="1" class="widthFull"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="er1">Age groups </th> <th id="ec1" colspan="6" class="noWrap">Cumulative (data not yet available for 2014-15)<sup>*</sup></th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="ec2" headers="ec1">Influenza A </th> <th id="ec7" headers="ec1">B </th> <th id="ec8" headers="ec1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="ec3" headers="ec1 ec2">A Total </th> <th id="ec4" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th id="ec5" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H3) </th> <th id="ec6" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t5_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
          UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.

          <sup id="t5_star">*</sup>Two cases for which the influenza type has not yet been reported, and four cases for which the age-group was not reported, are not included in Table 5.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="er2" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">16-20 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er3" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">20-44 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er4" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">45-64 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er5" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">65+ </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er6" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">Total </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er7" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">% <sup>1</sup> </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>-->Figure 8 - Number of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2014-15
          A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

          Text equivalent for figure 8aNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
          B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

          * See footnote above following the section related to PCIRN-SOS data.
          <!-- Text equivalent for figure 8bNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (>16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
          -->Figure 9 - Percentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2014-15
          A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

          Text equivalent for figure 9aPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
          B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

          <!-- Text equivalent for figure 9bPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (&ge;16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
          -->
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          Provincial/Territorial Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths

          Since the start of the 2014-15 season, 33 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations have been reported from participating provinces and territories<SUP> *</SUP>; 31 were cases of influenza A, of which the majority were A(H3N2); 58% were patients ≥65 years of age. No ICU admissions were reported. Three deaths with influenza A(H3N2) have been reported in adults ≥45 years of age.
          * Note: Influenza-associated hospitalizations are not reported to PHAC by the following Provinces and Territory: BC, NU, QC, and NB. Only hospitalizations that require intensive medical care are reported by Saskatchewan. ICU admissions are not distinguished among hospital admissions reported from Ontario. Data may also include cases reported by the IMPACT and PCIRN networks.
          <TABLE id=t6 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 6. Cumulative number of hospitalizations with influenza reported by the participating provinces and territories, Canada, 2013-14</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=fr1 rowSpan=3>Age groups </TH><TH id=fc1 colSpan=6>Cumulative (24 August 2014 to 18 October 2014)</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=fc2 colSpan=4 headers=fc1>Influenza A </TH><TH id=fc7 headers=fc1>B </TH><TH id=fc8 headers=fc1>Influenza A and B </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=fc3 headers="fc1 fc2">A Total </TH><TH id=fc4 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A(H1) pdm09 </TH><TH id=fc5 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A(H3) </TH><TH id=fc6 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A (UnS) </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fc7">Total</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fc8"># (%)</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=8><SUP>1</SUP> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
          UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
          </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=fr2 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>0-4 years </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc3">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc5">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc6">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc8">3 (9%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr3 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>5-19 years </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc3">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc5">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc8">3 (9%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr4 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>20-44 years </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc3">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc4">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc8">2 (6%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr5 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>45-64 years </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc3">5 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc5">5 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc8">6 (18%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr6 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>65+ years </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc3">19 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc5">12 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc6">7 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc8">19 (58%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr7 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Unknown</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc3">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc8">0 (0%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr8 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Total </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc3">31 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc4">1 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc5">22 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc6">8 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc7">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc8">33 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr9 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Percentage <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc3">93.9% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc4">3.2% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc5">71.0% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc6">25.8% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc7">6.1% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc8">100.0% </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
          See additional data on Reported Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths in Canada: 2009-10 to 2014-15 on the Public Health Agency of Canada website.
          .../

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          Comment


          • #6
            Re: Canada FluWatch Weekly Reports 2014-2015 Season Week 43

            FluWatch report: October 19 to 25, 2014 (Week 43)

            Posted 2014-10-31For readers interested in the <ABBR title="Portable Document Format">PDF</ABBR> version, the document is available for downloading or viewing:
            <A title="Flu Watch (Version PDF, 288 KB - 10 pages)" href="http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/14-15/w43_14/pdf/fw2014-43-eng.pdf">FluWatch report: October 19 to 25, 2014 (Week 43) (<ABBR title="Portable Document Format">PDF</ABBR> Version - 294 <ABBR title=Kilobytes>KB</ABBR> - 10 pages)

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            Overall Summary
            • Influenza activity (including influenza detections, outbreaks and hospitalizations) continued to increase in week 43; mostly in the western and central provinces.
            • So far this season, A(H3N2) has been the most common type of influenza affecting Canadians.
            • To date, the majority of influenza laboratory detections and hospitalizations have been in seniors ≥65 years of age.
            Are you a primary health care practitioner (General Practitioner, Nurse Practitioner or Registered Nurse) interested in becoming a FluWatch sentinel for the 2014-15 influenza season? Contact us at FluWatch@phac-aspc.gc.ca
            Influenza/ILI Activity (geographic spread)

            In week 43, the majority of regions in Canada reported no activity; however, two regions in BC reported localized activity and 15 regions (BC(2), AB(5), SK(1), MB(1), ON(3), QC(2) and PE(1)) reported sporadic activity (Figure 1).
            Figure 1. Map of overall influenza/ILI activity level by province and territory, Canada, Week 43





            Note: Influenza/ILI activity levels, as represented on this map, are assigned and reported by Provincial and Territorial Ministries of Health, based on laboratory confirmations, sentinel ILI rates and reported outbreaks. Please refer to detailed definitions at the end of the report. Maps from previous weeks, including any retrospective updates, are available on the FluWatch website.
            Text equivalent for figure 1Map of overall Influenza activity level by province and territory, Canada
            Influenza and Other Respiratory Virus Detections

            The number of positive influenza tests continued to increase in week 43 to 66 influenza detections (2.1% of tests) (Figure 2). To date, 84% of influenza detections have been influenza A, and the vast majority of those subtyped have been A(H3) (Table 1). Among cases with reported age, the largest proportion was in those ≥65 years of age (46%). Children <5 years accounted for 16% of all cases (Table 2).
            Figure 2. Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2014-15

            Text equivalent for figure 2Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2013-14
            In week 43, detections of RSV, parainfluenza and adenovirus increased, in keeping with their usual pattern of seasonal circulation. Detections of rhinovirus peaked in week 39 and decreased over the following three weeks but increased in week 43. More detections of rhinovirus were reported this year compared to previous seasons (Figure 3).
            For more details, see the weekly Respiratory Virus Detections in Canada Report.
            Figure 3. Number of positive laboratory tests for other respiratory viruses by report week, Canada, 2014-15


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            RSV: Respiratory syncytial virus; hMPV: Human metapneumovirus
            Text equivalent for figure 3Overall Number of Influenza Outbreaks, Canada, by Report Week, 2013-2014
            <TABLE id=t1 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 1: Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens
            by type, subtype and province, Canada, 2014-15
            </CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=ar1 rowSpan=3>Reporting provinces <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TH id=ac1 colSpan=5>Weekly (October 19 to 25, 2014)</TH><TH id=ac8 colSpan=5>Cumulative
            (August 24 to October 25, 2014)
            </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=ac2 colSpan=4 headers=ac1>Influenza A</TH><TH id=ac7 headers=ac1>B</TH><TH id=ac9 colSpan=4 headers=ac8>Influenza A</TH><TH id=ac14 headers=ac8>B</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=ac3 headers="ac1 ac2">A Total</TH><TH id=ac4 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H1)pdm09</TH><TH id=ac5 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H3)</TH><TH id=ac6 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(UnS)</TH><TH class=alignCenter headers="ac1 ac7">B Total</TH><TH id=ac10 headers="ac8 ac9">A Total</TH><TH id=ac11 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H1)pdm09</TH><TH id=ac12 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H3)</TH><TH id=ac13 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ac8 ac14">B Total</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=11><SUP>1 </SUP>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
            <SUP>2 </SUP>Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
            UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
            </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=ar2 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>BC</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac3">29 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac5">26 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac6">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac10">73 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac11">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac12">67 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac13">4 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac14">8 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar3 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>AB</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac3">10 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac5">8 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac6">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac7">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac10">69 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac12">63 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac13">6 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac14">10 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar4 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>SK</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac7">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac10">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac13">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac14">1 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar5 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>MB</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac10">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac12">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac13">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac14">1 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar6 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>ON</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac3">13 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac5">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac6">8 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac7">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac10">37 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac11">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac12">18 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac13">17 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac14">13 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar7 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>QC</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac3">8 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac6">8 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac10">30 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac13">30 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac14">8 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar8 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NB</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac10">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac13">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar9 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NS</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac10">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac13">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar10 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>PE</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac3">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac5">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac10">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac12">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac13">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar11 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NL</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac10">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac13">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar12 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>Canada</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac3">61 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac5">40 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac6">21 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac7">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac10">215 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac11">4 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac12">150 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac13">61 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac14">41 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar13 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>Percentage<SUP>2</SUP></TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac3">92.4% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac4">0.0% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac5">65.6% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac6">34.4% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac7">7.6% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac10">84.0% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac11">1.9% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac12">69.8% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac13">28.4% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac14">16.0% </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
            <TABLE id=t2 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 2. Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens by type, subtype and age-group reported through case-based laboratory reporting<SUP>3</SUP>, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=br1 rowSpan=3>Age groups (years)</TH><TH id=bc1 colSpan=5>Weekly
            (October 19 to October 25, 2014)
            </TH><TH id=bc8 colSpan=7>Cumulative
            (August 24 to October 25, 2014)
            </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=bc2 colSpan=4 headers=bc1>Influenza A</TH><TH id=bc7 headers=bc1>B</TH><TH id=bc9 colSpan=4 headers=bc8>Influenza A</TH><TH id=bc14 headers=bc8>B</TH><TH id=bc15 colSpan=2 headers=bc8>Influenza A and B</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=bc3 headers="bc1 bc2">A Total</TH><TH id=bc4 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A(H1) pdm09</TH><TH id=bc5 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A(H3)</TH><TH id=bc6 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A (UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="bc1 bc7">Total</TD><TH id=bc10 headers="bc8 bc9">A Total</TH><TH id=bc11 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc8 bc9">A(H1) pdm09</TH><TH id=bc12 class=bg-colour-blue headers="bc8 bc9">A(H3)</TH><TH id=bc13 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc8 bc9">A (UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="bc8 bc14">Total</TD><TH id=bc16 headers="bc8 bc15">#</TH><TH id=bc17 headers="bc8 bc15">%</TH></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=13><SUP id=footnote_t2_1>1 </SUP>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
            <SUP id=footnote_t2_2>2 </SUP>Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
            <SUP id=footnote_t2_3>3 </SUP>Table 2 includes specimens for which demographic information was reported. These represent a subset of all positive influenza cases reported.
            UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
            </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=br2 class=alignLeft headers=br1><5</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc3">4 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc5">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc6">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc10">31 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc11">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc12">11 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc13">17 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc14">11 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc16">42 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc17">16.0% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br3 class=alignLeft headers=br1>5-19</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc3">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc5">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc6">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc10">26 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc12">16 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc13">10 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc14">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc16">29 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc17">11.0% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br4 class=alignLeft headers=br1>20-44</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc3">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc5">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc6">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc10">22 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc12">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc13">17 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc14">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc16">24 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc17">9.1% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br5 class=alignLeft headers=br1>45-64</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc3">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc6">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc7">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc10">29 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc12">6 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc13">23 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc14">17 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc16">46 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc17">17.5% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br6 class=alignLeft headers=br1>65+</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc3">6 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc5">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc6">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc10">108 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc11">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc12">44 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc13">63 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc14">14 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc16">122 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc17">46.4% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br7 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Unknown</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc10">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc13">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc14">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc16">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc17">0.0% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br8 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Total</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc3">21 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc5">7 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc6">14 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc7">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc10">216 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc11">4 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc12">82 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc13">130 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc14">47 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc16">263 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc17">100.0% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br9 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Percentage<SUP>2</SUP></TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc3">87.5% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc4">0.0% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc5">33.3% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc6">66.7% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc7">12.5% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc10">82.1% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc11">1.9% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc12">38.0% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc13">60.2% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc14">17.9% </TD><TD class=alignCenter></TD><TD class=alignCenter></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>


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            Influenza Strain Characterizations

            During the 2014-2015 influenza season, the National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) has antigenically characterized 2 influenza viruses [one A(H3N2) and one influenza B]. Both viruses were similar to the strains recommended by the WHO for the 2014-15 seasonal influenza vaccine (Figure 4).
            Figure 4. Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2014-2015, N = 2

            The NML receives a proportion of the number of influenza positive specimens from provincial laboratories for strain characterization and antiviral resistance testing. Characterization data reflect the results of haemagglutination inhibition (HAI) testing compared to the reference influenza strains recommended by WHO.
            The recommended components for the 2014-2015 northern hemisphere trivalent influenza vaccine include: an A/California/7/2009(H1N1)pdm09-like virus, an A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2)-like virus, and a B/Massachusetts/2/2012-like virus (Yamagata lineage). For quadrivalent vaccines, the addition of a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus is recommended.


            Text equivalent for figure 4Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2013-2014, N =3
            Antiviral Resistance

            During the 2014-2015 influenza season, NML has tested 3 influenza viruses for resistance to oseltamivir and zanamivir and all were sensitive to both agents. The two influenza A(H3N2) viruses tested for amantadine resistance were both resistant (Table 3).
            <TABLE class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION>Table 3. Antiviral resistance by influenza virus type and subtype, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t3hc1 rowSpan=2>Virus type and subtype</TH><TH id=t3hc2 colSpan=2>Oseltamivir</TH><TH id=t3hc3 colSpan=2>Zanamivir</TH><TH id=t3hc4 colSpan=2>Amantadine</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t3hc5 headers=t3hc2># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc6 headers=t3hc2># resistant (%)</TH><TH id=t3hc7 headers=t3hc3># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc8 headers=t3hc3># resistant (%)</TH><TH id=t3hc9 headers=t3hc4># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc10 headers=t3hc4># resistant (%)</TH></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=7><SUP>*</SUP> NA - not applicable</TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=t3hr1 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>A (H3N2)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc5">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc7">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc9">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc10">2(100%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr2 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>A (H1N1)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc10">0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr3 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>B</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc5">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc7">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc9">NA <SUP>*</SUP></TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc10">NA <SUP>*</SUP></TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr4 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>TOTAL</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc5">3</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc7">3</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc9">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc10">2</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
            Influenza-like Illness (ILI) Consultation Rate

            The national influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rate increased in week 43 to 35.7 consultations per 1,000 (Figure 5). The rates were highest among those <20 years of age in week 43. The rates since mid-June have been above the expected range for this time of year.
            Figure 5. Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2014-2015

            Note: No data available for mean rate for weeks 19 to 39 for the 1996-1997 through 2002-2003 seasons. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively. The calculation of the average ILI consultation rate over 17 seasons was aligned with influenza activity in each season. In BC, AB, and SK, data is compiled by a provincial sentinel surveillance program for reporting to FluWatch. The number of sentinel physicians in each province or territory is as follows: BC(21), AB(80), SK(11), MB(18), ON(169), QC(14), NB(29), NS(26), PE(4), NL(16), NU(1), NT(14), YT(13). Not all sentinel physicians report every week.
            Text equivalent for figure 5Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2013-2014

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            Influenza Outbreak Surveillance

            In week 43, two new outbreaks of influenza A were reported in long-term care facilities (Figure 6).
            Figure 6. Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2014-2015

            1 All provinces and territories except NU report outbreaks in long-term care facilities. All provinces and territories with the exception of NU and QC report outbreaks in hospitals. Outbreaks of influenza or influenza-like-illness in other facilities are reported to FluWatch but reporting varies between jurisdictions. Outbreak definitions are included at the end of the report.
            Text equivalent for figure 6Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2013-2014
            Pharmacy Surveillance

            During week 43, the proportion of prescriptions for antivirals increased to 16.9 antiviral prescriptions per 100,000 total prescriptions, which is in keeping with previous seasons (Figure 7).
            Figure 7. Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2014-15

            Note: Pharmacy sales data are provided to the Public Health Agency of Canada by Rx Canada Inc. and sourced from major retail drug chains representing over 3,000 stores nationwide (excluding Nunavut) in 85% of Health Regions. Data provided include the number of new antiviral prescriptions (for Tamiflu and Relenza) and the total number of new prescriptions dispensed by Province/Territory and age group. Age-groups: Infant: 0-2y, Child: 2-18y; Adult: 19-64y, Senior: ≥65y.
            Text equivalent for figure 7Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2013-14

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            Sentinel Hospital Influenza Surveillance

            Paediatric Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (IMPACT)
            In week 43, three new laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated paediatric (≤16 years of age) hospitalizations were reported by the Immunization Monitoring Program Active (IMPACT) network (Figure 8a). To date this season, 11 hospitalizations have been reported by the IMPACT network, 10 of which were cases of influenza A, and 7 of these 10 were A(H3N2). The majority of the cases (63%) were in children <5 years of age (Table 4). To date, two cases were admitted to the ICU (Figure 9a).
            Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through IMPACT represents a subset of all influenza-associated paediatric hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
            Adult Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (PCIRN)
            Surveillance of laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated adult (≥16 years of age) hospitalizations by the PHAC/CIHR Influenza Research Network (PCIRN) Serious Outcomes Surveillance (SOS) network has not yet begun for the 2014-15 season (Figure 8b).
            Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through PCIRN represents a subset of all influenza-associated adult hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
            <TABLE class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION id=t4 class=alignCenter>Table 4 - Cumulative numbers of paediatric hospitalizations with influenza reported by the IMPACT network, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=dr1 rowSpan=3>Age groups </TH><TH id=dc1 colSpan=6>Cumulative (Aug. 24, 2014 to October 25, 2014) </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=dc2 colSpan=4 headers=dc1>Influenza A </TH><TH id=dc7 headers=dc1>B </TH><TH id=dc8 headers=dc1>Influenza A and B </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=dc3 headers="dc1 dc2">A Total </TH><TH id=dc4 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A(H1) pdm09 </TH><TH id=dc5 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A(H3) </TH><TH id=dc6 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A (UnS) </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dc1 dc7">Total</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dc1 dc8"># (%)</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=7><SUP id=footnote_t4_1>1</SUP> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
            UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
            </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=dr2 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>0-5m </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc8">0(0%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr3 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>6-23m </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc3">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc4">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc5">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc8">2(18%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr4 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>2-4y </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc3">4</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc5">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc6">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc7">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc8">5(45%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr5 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>5-9y </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc3">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc5">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc8">1(18%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr6 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>10-16y </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc3">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc5">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc8">2(18%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr7 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>Total </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc3">10</TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc4">1</TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc5">7</TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc6">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc7">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc8">11</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr8 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>% <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc3">90.9% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc4">10.0% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc5">70.0% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc6">20.0% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc7">9.1% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc8">100.0% </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
            Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15
            PCIRN-SOS surveillance for the 2014-15 season has not yet begun.

            <!-- <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" border="1" class="widthFull"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="er1">Age groups </th> <th id="ec1" colspan="6" class="noWrap">Cumulative (data not yet available for 2014-15)<sup>*</sup></th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="ec2" headers="ec1">Influenza A </th> <th id="ec7" headers="ec1">B </th> <th id="ec8" headers="ec1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="ec3" headers="ec1 ec2">A Total </th> <th id="ec4" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th id="ec5" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H3) </th> <th id="ec6" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t5_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
            UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.

            <sup id="t5_star">*</sup>Two cases for which the influenza type has not yet been reported, and four cases for which the age-group was not reported, are not included in Table 5.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="er2" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">16-20 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er3" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">20-44 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er4" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">45-64 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er5" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">65+ </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er6" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">Total </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er7" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">% <sup>1</sup> </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>-->Figure 8 - Number of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2014-15
            A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

            Text equivalent for figure 8aNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
            B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

            * See footnote above following the section related to PCIRN-SOS data.
            <!-- Text equivalent for figure 8bNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (>16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
            -->Figure 9 - Percentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2014-15
            A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

            Text equivalent for figure 9aPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
            B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

            <!-- Text equivalent for figure 9bPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (&ge;16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
            -->
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            Provincial/Territorial Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths

            Since the start of the 2014-15 season, 43 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations have been reported from participating provinces and territories*; 41 were cases of influenza A, of which the majority were A(H3N2); 53% were patients ≥65 years of age (Table 6). No ICU admissions were reported. Three deaths with influenza A(H3N2) have been reported in adults ≥45 years of age. There is a reporting delay from some regions that have not yet begun submission of weekly reports.
            * Note: Influenza-associated hospitalizations are not reported to PHAC by the following Provinces and Territory: BC, NU, QC, and NB. Only hospitalizations that require intensive medical care are reported by Saskatchewan. ICU admissions are not distinguished among hospital admissions reported from Ontario. Data may also include cases reported by the IMPACT and PCIRN networks.
            <TABLE id=t6 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 6. Cumulative number of hospitalizations with influenza reported by the participating provinces and territories, Canada, 2013-14</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=fr1 rowSpan=3>Age groups </TH><TH id=fc1 colSpan=6>Cumulative (24 August 2014 to 25 October 2014)</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=fc2 colSpan=4 headers=fc1>Influenza A </TH><TH id=fc7 headers=fc1>B </TH><TH id=fc8 headers=fc1>Influenza A and B </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=fc3 headers="fc1 fc2">A Total </TH><TH id=fc4 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A(H1) pdm09 </TH><TH id=fc5 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A(H3) </TH><TH id=fc6 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A (UnS) </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fc7">Total</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fc8"># (%)</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=8><SUP>1</SUP> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
            UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
            </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=fr2 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>0-4 years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc3">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc5">4 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc6">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc8">5 (12%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr3 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>5-19 years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc3">6 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc5">6 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc8">6 (14%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr4 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>20-44 years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc3">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc4">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc5">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc8">3 (7%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr5 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>45-64 years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc3">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc5">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc8">6 (14%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr6 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>65+ years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc3">23 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc4">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc5">15 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc6">7 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc8">23 (53%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr7 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Unknown</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc8">0 (0%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr8 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Total </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc3">41 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc4">2 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc5">31 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc6">8 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc7">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc8">43 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr9 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Percentage <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc3">95.3% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc4">4.9% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc5">75.6% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc6">19.5% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc7">4.7% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc8">100.0% </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
            See additional data on Reported Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths in Canada: 2009-10 to 2014-15 on the Public Health Agency of Canada website.
            .../

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            Comment


            • #7
              Re: Canada FluWatch Weekly Reports 2014-2015 Season Week 43

              FluWatch report: October 26 to November 1, 2014 (Week 44)

              Posted 2014-11-07For readers interested in the <ABBR title="Portable Document Format">PDF</ABBR> version, the document is available for downloading or viewing:
              <A title="Flu Watch (Version PDF, 288 KB - 10 pages)" href="http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/14-15/w44_14/pdf/fw2014-44-eng.pdf">FluWatch report: October 26 to November 1, 2014 (Week 44) (<ABBR title="Portable Document Format">PDF</ABBR> Version - 294 <ABBR title=Kilobytes>KB</ABBR> - 10 pages)

              Help with PDF documents


              Overall Summary
              • Influenza activity continued to increase in week 44; mostly in the western and central provinces.
              • So far this season, A(H3N2) has been the most common type of influenza affecting Canadians.
              • To date, 45-50% of influenza laboratory detections and hospitalizations have been in seniors ≥65 years of age.
              Are you a primary health care practitioner (General Practitioner, Nurse Practitioner or Registered Nurse) interested in becoming a FluWatch sentinel for the 2014-15 influenza season? Contact us at FluWatch@phac-aspc.gc.ca
              Influenza/ILI Activity (geographic spread)

              In week 44, one region in Ontario reported localized activity and 16 regions (BC(2), AB(5), SK(3), ON(3), QC(2) and NS(1)) reported sporadic activity (Figure 1).
              Figure 1. Map of overall influenza/ILI activity level by province and territory, Canada, Week 44





              Note: Influenza/ILI activity levels, as represented on this map, are assigned and reported by Provincial and Territorial Ministries of Health, based on laboratory confirmations, sentinel ILI rates and reported outbreaks. Please refer to detailed definitions at the end of the report. Maps from previous weeks, including any retrospective updates, are available on the FluWatch website.
              Text equivalent for figure 1Map of overall Influenza activity level by province and territory, Canada
              Influenza and Other Respiratory Virus Detections

              The number of positive influenza tests increased to 61 influenza detections (2.0% of tests) in week 44 (Figure 2). To date, 83% of influenza detections have been influenza A, and the vast majority of those subtyped have been A(H3) (Table 1). Among cases with reported age, the largest proportion was in those ≥65 years of age (45%). Children <5 years accounted for 17% of all cases (Table 2).
              Figure 2. Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2014-15

              Text equivalent for figure 2Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2013-14
              In week 44, detections of RSV, parainfluenza and adenovirus continued to follow an upward trend, in keeping with their usual pattern of seasonal circulation. Detections of rhinovirus peaked in week 39 and continue to follow a downward trend. More detections of rhinovirus were reported this year compared to previous seasons (Figure 3).
              For more details, see the weekly Respiratory Virus Detections in Canada Report.
              Figure 3. Number of positive laboratory tests for other respiratory viruses by report week, Canada, 2014-15


              Top of Page

              RSV: Respiratory syncytial virus; hMPV: Human metapneumovirus
              Text equivalent for figure 3Overall Number of Influenza Outbreaks, Canada, by Report Week, 2013-2014
              <TABLE id=t1 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 1: Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens
              by type, subtype and province, Canada, 2014-15
              </CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=ar1 rowSpan=3>Reporting provinces <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TH id=ac1 colSpan=5>Weekly (October 26 to November 1, 2014)</TH><TH id=ac8 colSpan=5>Cumulative
              (August 24 to November 1, 2014)
              </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=ac2 colSpan=4 headers=ac1>Influenza A</TH><TH id=ac7 headers=ac1>B</TH><TH id=ac9 colSpan=4 headers=ac8>Influenza A</TH><TH id=ac14 headers=ac8>B</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=ac3 headers="ac1 ac2">A Total</TH><TH id=ac4 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H1)pdm09</TH><TH id=ac5 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H3)</TH><TH id=ac6 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(UnS)</TH><TH class=alignCenter headers="ac1 ac7">B Total</TH><TH id=ac10 headers="ac8 ac9">A Total</TH><TH id=ac11 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H1)pdm09</TH><TH id=ac12 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H3)</TH><TH id=ac13 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ac8 ac14">B Total</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=11><SUP>1 </SUP>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
              <SUP>2 </SUP>Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
              UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
              </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=ar2 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>BC</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac3">13 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac5">12 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac6">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac10">69 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac11">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac12">65 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac13">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac14">8 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar3 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>AB</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac3">16 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac5">15 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac6">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac7">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac10">85 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac12">80 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac13">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac14">13 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar4 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>SK</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac3">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac5">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac6">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac7">4 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac10">4 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac12">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac13">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac14">5 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar5 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>MB</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac10">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac12">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac13">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac14">1 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar6 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>ON</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac3">11 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac5">6 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac6">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac10">49 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac11">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac12">27 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac13">20 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac14">13 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar7 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>QC</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac3">9 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac6">9 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac7">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac10">39 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac13">39 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac14">10 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar8 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NB</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac10">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac13">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar9 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NS</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac7">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac10">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac13">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac14">1 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar10 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>PE</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac10">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac12">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac13">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar11 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NL</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac10">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac13">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac14">0 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar12 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>Canada</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac3">51 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac4">0 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac5">34 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac6">17 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac7">10 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac10">250 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac11">4 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac12">175 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac13">71 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac14">51 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar13 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>Percentage<SUP>2</SUP></TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac3">83.6% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac4">0.0% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac5">66.7% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac6">33.3% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac7">16.4% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac10">83.1% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac11">1.6% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac12">70.0% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac13">28.4% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac14">16.9% </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
              <TABLE id=t2 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 2. Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens by type, subtype and age-group reported through case-based laboratory reporting<SUP>3</SUP>, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=br1 rowSpan=3>Age groups (years)</TH><TH id=bc1 colSpan=5>Weekly
              (October 26 to November 1, 2014)
              </TH><TH id=bc8 colSpan=7>Cumulative
              (August 24 to November 1, 2014)
              </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=bc2 colSpan=4 headers=bc1>Influenza A</TH><TH id=bc7 headers=bc1>B</TH><TH id=bc9 colSpan=4 headers=bc8>Influenza A</TH><TH id=bc14 headers=bc8>B</TH><TH id=bc15 colSpan=2 headers=bc8>Influenza A and B</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=bc3 headers="bc1 bc2">A Total</TH><TH id=bc4 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A(H1) pdm09</TH><TH id=bc5 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A(H3)</TH><TH id=bc6 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A (UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="bc1 bc7">Total</TD><TH id=bc10 headers="bc8 bc9">A Total</TH><TH id=bc11 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc8 bc9">A(H1) pdm09</TH><TH id=bc12 class=bg-colour-blue headers="bc8 bc9">A(H3)</TH><TH id=bc13 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc8 bc9">A (UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="bc8 bc14">Total</TD><TH id=bc16 headers="bc8 bc15">#</TH><TH id=bc17 headers="bc8 bc15">%</TH></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=13><SUP id=footnote_t2_1>1 </SUP>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
              <SUP id=footnote_t2_2>2 </SUP>Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
              <SUP id=footnote_t2_3>3 </SUP>Table 2 includes specimens for which demographic information was reported. These represent a subset of all positive influenza cases reported.
              UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
              </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=br2 class=alignLeft headers=br1><5</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc3">4 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc5">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc6">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc10">43 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc11">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc12">14 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc13">26 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc14">15 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc16">58 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc17">16.6% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br3 class=alignLeft headers=br1>5-19</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc3">6 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc5">4 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc6">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc7">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc10">36 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc12">20 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc13">16 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc14">5 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc16">41 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc17">11.7% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br4 class=alignLeft headers=br1>20-44</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc3">4 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc5">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc6">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc10">32 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc12">7 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc13">25 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc14">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc16">35 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc17">10.0% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br5 class=alignLeft headers=br1>45-64</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc3">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc6">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc10">38 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc12">8 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc13">30 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc14">20 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc16">58 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc17">16.6% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br6 class=alignLeft headers=br1>65+</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc3">14 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc5">7 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc6">7 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc10">141 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc11">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc12">58 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc13">82 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc14">17 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc16">158 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc17">45.1% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br7 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Unknown</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc10">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc12">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc13">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc14">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc16">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc17">0.0% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br8 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Total</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc3">29 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc5">15 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc6">14 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc7">6 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc10">290 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc11">4 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc12">107 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc13">179 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc14">60 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc16">350 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc17">100.0% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br9 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Percentage<SUP>2</SUP></TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc3">82.9% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc4">0.0% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc5">51.7% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc6">48.3% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc7">17.1% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc10">82.9% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc11">1.4% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc12">36.9% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc13">61.7% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc14">17.1% </TD><TD class=alignCenter></TD><TD class=alignCenter></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>


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              Influenza Strain Characterizations

              During the 2014-2015 influenza season, the National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) has characterized 8 influenza viruses [three A(H3N2) and five influenza B]. Five viruses were antigenically similar to the strains recommended by the WHO for the 2014-15 seasonal influenza vaccine (Figure 4).
              Figure 4. Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2014-2015, N = 8

              The NML receives a proportion of the number of influenza positive specimens from provincial laboratories for strain characterization and antiviral resistance testing. Characterization data reflect the results of haemagglutination inhibition (HAI) testing compared to the reference influenza strains recommended by WHO.
              The recommended components for the 2014-2015 northern hemisphere trivalent influenza vaccine include: an A/California/7/2009(H1N1)pdm09-like virus, an A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2)-like virus, and a B/Massachusetts/2/2012-like virus (Yamagata lineage). For quadrivalent vaccines, the addition of a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus is recommended.


              Text equivalent for figure 4Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2013-2014, N =3
              Antiviral Resistance

              During the 2014-2015 influenza season, NML has tested 9 influenza viruses for resistance to oseltamivir and zanamivir and all were sensitive to both agents. The six influenza A(H3N2) viruses tested for amantadine resistance were all resistant (Table 3).
              <TABLE class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION>Table 3. Antiviral resistance by influenza virus type and subtype, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t3hc1 rowSpan=2>Virus type and subtype</TH><TH id=t3hc2 colSpan=2>Oseltamivir</TH><TH id=t3hc3 colSpan=2>Zanamivir</TH><TH id=t3hc4 colSpan=2>Amantadine</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t3hc5 headers=t3hc2># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc6 headers=t3hc2># resistant (%)</TH><TH id=t3hc7 headers=t3hc3># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc8 headers=t3hc3># resistant (%)</TH><TH id=t3hc9 headers=t3hc4># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc10 headers=t3hc4># resistant (%)</TH></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=7><SUP>*</SUP> NA - not applicable</TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=t3hr1 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>A (H3N2)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc5">5</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc7">5</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc9">6</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc10">6(100%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr2 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>A (H1N1)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc10">0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr3 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>B</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc5">4</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc7">4</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc9">NA <SUP>*</SUP></TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc10">NA <SUP>*</SUP></TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr4 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>TOTAL</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc5">9</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc7">9</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc9">6</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc10">6</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
              Influenza-like Illness (ILI) Consultation Rate

              The national influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rate decreased in week 44 to 25.6 consultations per 1,000 (Figure 5). The rates were highest among those <20 years of age in week 44. The rates since mid-June have been above the expected range for this time of year.
              Figure 5. Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2014-2015

              Note: No data available for mean rate for weeks 19 to 39 for the 1996-1997 through 2002-2003 seasons. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively. The calculation of the average ILI consultation rate over 17 seasons was aligned with influenza activity in each season. In BC, AB, and SK, data is compiled by a provincial sentinel surveillance program for reporting to FluWatch. The number of sentinel physicians in each province or territory is as follows: BC(21), AB(80), SK(11), MB(18), ON(169), QC(14), NB(29), NS(26), PE(4), NL(16), NU(1), NT(14), YT(13). Not all sentinel physicians report every week.
              Text equivalent for figure 5Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2013-2014

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              Influenza Outbreak Surveillance

              In week 44, one new outbreak of influenza A was reported in a long-term care facility (Figure 6).
              Figure 6. Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2014-2015

              1 All provinces and territories except NU report outbreaks in long-term care facilities. All provinces and territories with the exception of NU and QC report outbreaks in hospitals. Outbreaks of influenza or influenza-like-illness in other facilities are reported to FluWatch but reporting varies between jurisdictions. Outbreak definitions are included at the end of the report.
              Text equivalent for figure 6Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2013-2014
              Pharmacy Surveillance

              During week 44, the proportion of prescriptions for antivirals increased to 17.7 antiviral prescriptions per 100,000 total prescriptions, which is in keeping with previous seasons (Figure 7).
              Figure 7. Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2014-15

              Note: Pharmacy sales data are provided to the Public Health Agency of Canada by Rx Canada Inc. and sourced from major retail drug chains representing over 3,000 stores nationwide (excluding Nunavut) in 85% of Health Regions. Data provided include the number of new antiviral prescriptions (for Tamiflu and Relenza) and the total number of new prescriptions dispensed by Province/Territory and age group. Age-groups: Infant: 0-2y, Child: 2-18y; Adult: 19-64y, Senior: ≥65y.
              Text equivalent for figure 7Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2013-14

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              Sentinel Hospital Influenza Surveillance

              Paediatric Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (IMPACT)
              In week 44, four new laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated paediatric (≤16 years of age) hospitalizations were reported by the Immunization Monitoring Program Active (IMPACT) network (Figure 8a). To date this season, 15 hospitalizations have been reported by the IMPACT network, 14 of which were cases of influenza A, and 9 of these 14 were A(H3N2). The majority of the cases (60%) were in children <5 years of age (Table 4). To date, two cases were admitted to the ICU (Figure 9a).
              Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through IMPACT represents a subset of all influenza-associated paediatric hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
              Adult Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (PCIRN)
              Surveillance of laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated adult (≥16 years of age) hospitalizations by the PHAC/CIHR Influenza Research Network (PCIRN) Serious Outcomes Surveillance (SOS) network has not yet begun for the 2014-15 season (Figure 8b).
              Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through PCIRN represents a subset of all influenza-associated adult hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
              <TABLE class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION id=t4 class=alignCenter>Table 4 - Cumulative numbers of paediatric hospitalizations with influenza reported by the IMPACT network, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=dr1 rowSpan=3>Age groups </TH><TH id=dc1 colSpan=6>Cumulative (Aug. 24, 2014 to November 1, 2014) </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=dc2 colSpan=4 headers=dc1>Influenza A </TH><TH id=dc7 headers=dc1>B </TH><TH id=dc8 headers=dc1>Influenza A and B </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=dc3 headers="dc1 dc2">A Total </TH><TH id=dc4 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A(H1) pdm09 </TH><TH id=dc5 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A(H3) </TH><TH id=dc6 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A (UnS) </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dc1 dc7">Total</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dc1 dc8"># (%)</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=7><SUP id=footnote_t4_1>1</SUP> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
              UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
              </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=dr2 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>0-5m </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc8">0(0%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr3 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>6-23m </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc3">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc4">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc5">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc8">3(20%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr4 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>2-4y </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc3">5</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc5">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc6">3</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc7">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc8">6(40%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr5 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>5-9y </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc3">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc5">2</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc6">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc8">2(13.3%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr6 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>10-16y </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc3">4</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc4">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc5">3</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc6">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc7">0</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc8">4(26.7%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr7 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>Total </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc3">14</TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc4">1</TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc5">9</TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc6">4</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc7">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc8">15</TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr8 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>% <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc3">93.3% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc4">7.1% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc5">64.3% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc6">28.6% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc7">6.7% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc8">100.0% </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
              Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15
              PCIRN-SOS surveillance for the 2014-15 season has not yet begun.

              <!-- <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" border="1" class="widthFull"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="er1">Age groups </th> <th id="ec1" colspan="6" class="noWrap">Cumulative (data not yet available for 2014-15)<sup>*</sup></th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="ec2" headers="ec1">Influenza A </th> <th id="ec7" headers="ec1">B </th> <th id="ec8" headers="ec1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="ec3" headers="ec1 ec2">A Total </th> <th id="ec4" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th id="ec5" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H3) </th> <th id="ec6" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t5_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
              UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.

              <sup id="t5_star">*</sup>Two cases for which the influenza type has not yet been reported, and four cases for which the age-group was not reported, are not included in Table 5.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="er2" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">16-20 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er3" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">20-44 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er4" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">45-64 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er5" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">65+ </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er6" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">Total </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er7" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">% <sup>1</sup> </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>-->Figure 8 - Number of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2014-15
              A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

              Text equivalent for figure 8aNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
              B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

              * See footnote above following the section related to PCIRN-SOS data.
              <!-- Text equivalent for figure 8bNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (>16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
              -->Figure 9 - Percentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2014-15
              A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

              Text equivalent for figure 9aPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
              B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

              <!-- Text equivalent for figure 9bPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (&ge;16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
              -->
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              Provincial/Territorial Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths

              Since the start of the 2014-15 season, 59 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations have been reported from participating provinces and territories*; 55 were cases of influenza A, of which the majority were A(H3N2); 49% were patients ≥65 years of age (Table 6). No ICU admissions were reported. Six deaths with influenza A have been reported in adults ≥45 years of age.
              * Note: Influenza-associated hospitalizations are not reported to PHAC by the following Provinces and Territory: BC, NU, QC, and NB. Only hospitalizations that require intensive medical care are reported by Saskatchewan. ICU admissions are not distinguished among hospital admissions reported from Ontario. Data may also include cases reported by the IMPACT and PCIRN networks.
              <TABLE id=t6 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 6. Cumulative number of hospitalizations with influenza reported by the participating provinces and territories, Canada, 2013-14</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=fr1 rowSpan=3>Age groups </TH><TH id=fc1 colSpan=6>Cumulative (24 August 2014 to 1 November 2014)</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=fc2 colSpan=4 headers=fc1>Influenza A </TH><TH id=fc7 headers=fc1>B </TH><TH id=fc8 headers=fc1>Influenza A and B </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=fc3 headers="fc1 fc2">A Total </TH><TH id=fc4 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A(H1) pdm09 </TH><TH id=fc5 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A(H3) </TH><TH id=fc6 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A (UnS) </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fc7">Total</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fc8"># (%)</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=8><SUP>1</SUP> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
              UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
              </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=fr2 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>0-4 years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc3">6 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc4">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc5">4</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc6">1</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc8">6 (10%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr3 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>5-19 years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc3">9</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc5">9 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc8">9 (15%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr4 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>20-44 years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc3">3 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc4">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc5">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc6">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc7">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc8">5 (8%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr5 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>45-64 years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc3">8 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc5">6 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc6">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc7">2 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc8">10 (17%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr6 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>65+ years </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc3">29 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc4">1 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc5">20 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc6">8 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc8">29 (49%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr7 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Unknown</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc3">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc8">0 (0%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr8 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Total </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc3">55 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc4">3 </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc5">40</TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc6">12 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc7">4 </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc8">59 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr9 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Percentage <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc3">93.2% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc4">5.5% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc5">72.7% </TD><TD class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc6">21.8% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc7">6.8% </TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc8">100.0% </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
              See additional data on Reported Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths in Canada: 2009-10 to 2014-15 on the Public Health Agency of Canada website.

              .../
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              "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
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              Comment


              • #8
                Re: Canada FluWatch Weekly Reports 2014-2015 Season Week 44

                FluWatch report: November 2 to November 8, 2014 (Week 45)

                Posted 2014-11-14For readers interested in the <ABBR title="Portable Document Format">PDF</ABBR> version, the document is available for downloading or viewing:
                <A title="Flu Watch (Version PDF, 288 KB - 10 pages)" href="http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/14-15/w45_14/pdf/fw2014-45-eng.pdf">FluWatch report: November 2 to November 8, 2014 (Week 45) (<ABBR title="Portable Document Format">PDF</ABBR> Version - 294 <ABBR title=Kilobytes>KB</ABBR> - 10 pages)

                Help with PDF documents


                Overall Summary
                • As expected, overall influenza activity in week 45 increased from the previous week. Yukon reported activity for the first time this season but only at sporadic levels.
                • A(H3N2) continues to be the most common type of influenza affecting Canadians.
                • To date, 40-55% of influenza laboratory detections and hospitalizations have been in seniors ≥65 years of age.
                Are you a primary health care practitioner (General Practitioner, Nurse Practitioner or Registered Nurse) interested in becoming a FluWatch sentinel for the 2014-15 influenza season? Contact us at FluWatch@phac-aspc.gc.ca
                Influenza/ILI Activity (geographic spread)

                In week 45, two regions (in AB(1) and ON(1)) reported localized activity and 13 regions (BC(1), AB(4), ON(2), QC(5) and YT(1)) reported sporadic activity (Figure 1).
                Figure 1. Map of overall influenza/ILI activity level by province and territory, Canada, Week 45





                Note: Influenza/ILI activity levels, as represented on this map, are assigned and reported by Provincial and Territorial Ministries of Health, based on laboratory confirmations, sentinel ILI rates and reported outbreaks. Please refer to detailed definitions at the end of the report. Maps from previous weeks, including any retrospective updates, are available on the FluWatch website.
                Text equivalent for figure 1Map of overall Influenza activity level by province and territory, Canada
                Influenza and Other Respiratory Virus Detections

                The number of positive influenza tests increased sharply to 106 influenza detections (3.5% of tests) in week 45 (Figure 2). To date, 85% of influenza detections have been influenza A, and the vast majority of those subtyped have been A(H3) (Table 1). Cases of influenza B have been reported among younger age-groups, with 28% being children <5 years of age (Table 2).
                Figure 2. Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2014-15

                Text equivalent for figure 2Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2013-14
                In week 45, detections of RSV, parainfluenza and adenovirus continued to follow an upward trend, in keeping with their usual pattern of seasonal circulation. Detections of rhinovirus peaked in week 39 and continue to follow a downward trend. More detections of rhinovirus were reported this year compared to previous seasons (Figure 3).
                For more details, see the weekly Respiratory Virus Detections in Canada Report.
                Figure 3. Number of positive laboratory tests for other respiratory viruses by report week, Canada, 2014-15


                Top of Page

                RSV: Respiratory syncytial virus; hMPV: Human metapneumovirus
                Text equivalent for figure 3Overall Number of Influenza Outbreaks, Canada, by Report Week, 2013-2014
                <TABLE id=t1 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 1: Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens
                by type, subtype and province, Canada, 2014-15
                </CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=ar1 rowSpan=3>Reporting provinces <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TH id=ac1 colSpan=5>Weekly
                (November 2 to November 8, 2014)
                </TH><TH id=ac8 colSpan=5>Cumulative
                (August 24 to November 8, 2014)
                </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=ac2 colSpan=4 headers=ac1>Influenza A</TH><TH id=ac7 headers=ac1>B</TH><TH id=ac9 colSpan=4 headers=ac8>Influenza A</TH><TH id=ac14 headers=ac8>B</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=ac3 headers="ac1 ac2">A Total</TH><TH id=ac4 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H1)pdm09</TH><TH id=ac5 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H3)</TH><TH id=ac6 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(UnS)</TH><TH class=alignCenter headers="ac1 ac7">B Total</TH><TH id=ac10 headers="ac8 ac9">A Total</TH><TH id=ac11 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H1)pdm09</TH><TH id=ac12 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H3)</TH><TH id=ac13 class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="ac8 ac14">B Total</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=11><SUP>1 </SUP>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
                <SUP>2 </SUP>Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
                </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=ar2 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>BC</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac3">11</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac4">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac5">9</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac6">2</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac7">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac10">79</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac11">2</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac12">74</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac13">3</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac14">8</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar3 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>AB</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac3">56</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac4">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac5">51</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac6">5</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac7">3</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac10">142</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac11">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac12">132</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac13">10</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac14">17</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar4 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>SK</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac3">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac4">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac5">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac6">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac7">3</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac10">5</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac11">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac12">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac13">4</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac14">8</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar5 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>MB</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac3">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac4">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac5">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac6">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac7">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac10">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac11">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac12">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac13">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac14">1</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar6 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>ON</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac3">12</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac4">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac5">8</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac6">4</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac7">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac10">61</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac11">2</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac12">38</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac13">21</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac14">14</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar7 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>QC</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac3">17</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac4">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac5">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac6">17</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac7">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac10">56</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac11">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac12">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac13">56</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac14">11</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar8 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NB</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac3">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac4">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac5">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac6">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac7">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac10">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac11">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac12">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac13">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac14">0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar9 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NS</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac3">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac4">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac5">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac6">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac7">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac10">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac11">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac12">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac13">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac14">2</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar10 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>PE</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac3">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac4">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac5">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac6">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac7">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac10">2</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac11">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac12">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac13">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac14">0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar11 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>NL</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac3">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac4">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac5">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac6">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac7">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac10">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac11">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac12">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac13">1</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac14">0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar12 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>Canada</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac3">97</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac4">0</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac5">68</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac6">29</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac7">9</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac10">347</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac11">4</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac12">247</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac13">96</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac14">61</TD></TR><TR><TH id=ar13 class=alignLeft headers=ar1>Percentage<SUP>2</SUP></TH><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac3">91.5%</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac4">0.0%</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac5">70.1%</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac6">29.9%</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac7">8.5%</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac10">85.0%</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac11">1.2%</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac12">71.2%</TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac13">27.7%</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac14">15.0%</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
                <TABLE id=t2 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 2. Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens by type, subtype and age-group reported through case-based laboratory reporting<SUP>3</SUP>, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=br1 rowSpan=3>Age groups (years)</TH><TH id=bc1 colSpan=5>Weekly
                (November 2 to November 8, 2014)
                </TH><TH id=bc8 colSpan=7>Cumulative
                (August 24 to November 8, 2014)
                </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=bc2 colSpan=4 headers=bc1>Influenza A</TH><TH id=bc7 headers=bc1>B</TH><TH id=bc9 colSpan=4 headers=bc8>Influenza A</TH><TH id=bc14 headers=bc8>B</TH><TH id=bc15 colSpan=2 headers=bc8>Influenza A and B</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=bc3 headers="bc1 bc2">A Total</TH><TH id=bc4 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A(H1) pdm09</TH><TH id=bc5 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A(H3)</TH><TH id=bc6 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc1 bc2">A (UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="bc1 bc7">Total</TD><TH id=bc10 headers="bc8 bc9">A Total</TH><TH id=bc11 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc8 bc9">A(H1) pdm09</TH><TH id=bc12 class=bg-colour-blue headers="bc8 bc9">A(H3)</TH><TH id=bc13 class="bg-colour-blue " headers="bc8 bc9">A (UnS)</TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="bc8 bc14">Total</TD><TH id=bc16 headers="bc8 bc15">#</TH><TH id=bc17 headers="bc8 bc15">%</TH></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=13><SUP id=footnote_t2_1>1 </SUP>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
                <SUP id=footnote_t2_2>2 </SUP>Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                <SUP id=footnote_t2_3>3 </SUP>Table 2 includes specimens for which demographic information was reported. These represent a subset of all positive influenza cases reported.
                UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
                </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=br2 class=alignLeft headers=br1><5</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc3">6 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc5">4 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc6">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc10">61 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc11">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc12">19 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc13">39 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc14">21 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc16">82 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc17">16.6% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br3 class=alignLeft headers=br1>5-19</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc3">15 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc5">12 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc6">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc10">59 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc12">35 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc13">24 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc14">6 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc16">65 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc17">13.2% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br4 class=alignLeft headers=br1>20-44</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc3">16 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc5">12 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc6">4 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc10">58 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc12">22 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc13">36 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc14">4 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc16">62 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc17">12.6% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br5 class=alignLeft headers=br1>45-64</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc3">7 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc5">6 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc6">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc7">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc10">57 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc12">16 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc13">41 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc14">25 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc16">82 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc17">16.6% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br6 class=alignLeft headers=br1>65+</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc3">25 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc5">13 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc6">12 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc10">182 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc11">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc12">79 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc13">102 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc14">19 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc16">201 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc17">40.8% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br7 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Unknown</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc3">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc6">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc10">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc11">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc12">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc13">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc14">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc16">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc17">0.2% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br8 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Total</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc3">70 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc4">0 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc5">47 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc6">23 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc7">5 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc10">418 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc11">4 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc12">171 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc13">243 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc14">75 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc16">493 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc17">100.0% </TD></TR><TR><TH id=br9 class=alignLeft headers=br1>Percentage<SUP>2</SUP></TH><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc3">93.3% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc4">0.0% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc5">67.1% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc6">32.9% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc7">6.7% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc10">84.8% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc11">1.0% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc12">40.9% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc13">58.1% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc14">15.2% </TD><TD class=alignRight></TD><TD class=alignRight></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>


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                Influenza Strain Characterizations

                During the 2014-2015 influenza season, the National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) has characterized 12 influenza viruses [four A(H3N2) and eight influenza B]. One influenza A was antigenically similar to A/Texas/50/2012, and four influenza B viruses were antigenically similar to the B/Massachusetts/2/2012 (Yamagata lineage) recommended by the WHO for the 2014-15 seasonal influenza vaccine. Three influenza A(H3N2) viruses and one influenza B virus showed reduced titers to antisera produced against strains recommended for the seasonal influenza vaccine (Figure 4).
                Figure 4. Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2014-2015, N = 12

                The NML receives a proportion of the number of influenza positive specimens from provincial laboratories for strain characterization and antiviral resistance testing. Characterization data reflect the results of haemagglutination inhibition (HAI) testing compared to the reference influenza strains recommended by WHO.
                The recommended components for the 2014-2015 northern hemisphere trivalent influenza vaccine include: an A/California/7/2009(H1N1)pdm09-like virus, an A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2)-like virus, and a B/Massachusetts/2/2012-like virus (Yamagata lineage). For quadrivalent vaccines, the addition of a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus is recommended.


                Text equivalent for figure 4Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2013-2014, N =3
                Antiviral Resistance

                During the 2014-2015 influenza season, NML has tested 16 influenza viruses for resistance to oseltamivir and zanamivir and all were sensitive to both agents. The 17 influenza A(H3N2) viruses tested for amantadine resistance were all resistant (Table 3).
                <TABLE class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION>Table 3. Antiviral resistance by influenza virus type and subtype, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t3hc1 rowSpan=2>Virus type and subtype</TH><TH id=t3hc2 colSpan=2>Oseltamivir</TH><TH id=t3hc3 colSpan=2>Zanamivir</TH><TH id=t3hc4 colSpan=2>Amantadine</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=t3hc5 headers=t3hc2># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc6 headers=t3hc2># resistant (%)</TH><TH id=t3hc7 headers=t3hc3># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc8 headers=t3hc3># resistant (%)</TH><TH id=t3hc9 headers=t3hc4># tested</TH><TH id=t3hc10 headers=t3hc4># resistant (%)</TH></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=7><SUP>*</SUP> NA - not applicable</TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=t3hr1 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>A (H3N2)</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc5">8</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc7">8</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc9">17</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc10">17(100%)</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr2 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>A (H1N1)</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc9">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc10">0</TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr3 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>B</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc5">8</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc7">8</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc9">NA <SUP>*</SUP></TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc10">NA <SUP>*</SUP></TD></TR><TR><TH id=t3hr4 class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" headers=t3hc1>TOTAL</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc5">16</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc7">16</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc9">17</TD><TD class=alignRight headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc10">17</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
                Influenza-like Illness (ILI) Consultation Rate

                The national influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rate decreased in week 45 to 23.1 consultations per 1,000 (Figure 5). The rates were highest among those <20 years of age in week 45. The rates since mid-June have been above the expected range for this time of year.
                Figure 5. Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2014-2015

                Note: No data available for mean rate for weeks 19 to 39 for the 1996-1997 through 2002-2003 seasons. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively. The calculation of the average ILI consultation rate over 17 seasons was aligned with influenza activity in each season. In BC, AB, and SK, data is compiled by a provincial sentinel surveillance program for reporting to FluWatch. Not all sentinel physicians report every week.
                Text equivalent for figure 5Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2013-2014

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                Influenza Outbreak Surveillance

                In week 45, two new outbreaks of influenza A(H3N2) were reported in long-term care facilities (Figure 6).
                Figure 6. Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2014-2015

                1 All provinces and territories except NU report outbreaks in long-term care facilities. All provinces and territories with the exception of NU and QC report outbreaks in hospitals. Outbreaks of influenza or influenza-like-illness in other facilities are reported to FluWatch but reporting varies between jurisdictions. Outbreak definitions are included at the end of the report.
                Text equivalent for figure 6Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2013-2014
                Pharmacy Surveillance

                During week 45, the proportion of prescriptions for antivirals was stable at 17.8 antiviral prescriptions per 100,000 total prescriptions, which is in keeping with previous seasons (Figure 7).
                Figure 7. Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2014-15

                Note: Pharmacy sales data are provided to the Public Health Agency of Canada by Rx Canada Inc. and sourced from major retail drug chains representing over 3,000 stores nationwide (excluding Nunavut) in 85% of Health Regions. Data provided include the number of new antiviral prescriptions (for Tamiflu and Relenza) and the total number of new prescriptions dispensed by Province/Territory and age group. Age-groups: Infant: 0-2y, Child: 2-18y; Adult: 19-64y, Senior: ≥65y.
                Text equivalent for figure 7Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2013-14

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                Sentinel Hospital Influenza Surveillance

                Paediatric Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (IMPACT)
                In week 45, four new laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated paediatric (≤16 years of age) hospitalizations were reported by the Immunization Monitoring Program Active (IMPACT) network (Figure 8a). To date this season, 19 hospitalizations have been reported by the IMPACT network, 18 of which were cases of influenza A, and 13 of these were A(H3N2). The majority of the cases (58%) were in children <5 years of age (Table 4). To date, two cases were admitted to the ICU (Figure 9a).
                Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through IMPACT represents a subset of all influenza-associated paediatric hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
                Adult Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (PCIRN)
                Surveillance of laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated adult (≥16 years of age) hospitalizations by the PHAC/CIHR Influenza Research Network (PCIRN) Serious Outcomes Surveillance (SOS) network has not yet begun for the 2014-15 season (Figure 8b).
                Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through PCIRN represents a subset of all influenza-associated adult hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
                <TABLE class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION id=t4 class=alignCenter>Table 4 - Cumulative numbers of paediatric hospitalizations with influenza reported by the IMPACT network, Canada, 2014-15</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=dr1 rowSpan=3>Age groups </TH><TH id=dc1 colSpan=6>Cumulative (Aug. 24, 2014 to November 8, 2014) </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=dc2 colSpan=4 headers=dc1>Influenza A </TH><TH id=dc7 headers=dc1>B </TH><TH id=dc8 headers=dc1>Influenza A and B </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=dc3 headers="dc1 dc2">A Total </TH><TH id=dc4 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A(H1) pdm09 </TH><TH id=dc5 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A(H3) </TH><TH id=dc6 class=bg-colour-blue headers="dc1 dc2">A (UnS) </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="dc1 dc7">Total</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="dc1 dc8"># (%)</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=7><SUP id=footnote_t4_1>1</SUP> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
                </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=dr2 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>0-5m </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc3">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc8">0 (0%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr3 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>6-23m </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc3">4 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc4">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc5">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc8">4 (21.1%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr4 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>2-4y </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc3">6 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc5">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc6">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc8">7 (36.8%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr5 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>5-9y </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc3">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc5">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc8">3 (15.8%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr6 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>10-16y </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc3">5 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc5">4 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc6">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc8">5 (26.3%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr7 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>Total </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc3">18 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc4">1 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc5">13 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc6">4 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc7">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc8">19 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=dr8 class=alignLeft headers=dr1>% <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc3">94.7% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc4">5.6% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc5">72.2% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc6">22.2% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc7">5.3% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc8">100.0% </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>

                Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15
                PCIRN-SOS surveillance for the 2014-15 season has not yet begun.

                <!-- <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" border="1" class="widthFull"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="er1">Age groups </th> <th id="ec1" colspan="6" class="noWrap">Cumulative (data not yet available for 2014-15)<sup>*</sup></th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="ec2" headers="ec1">Influenza A </th> <th id="ec7" headers="ec1">B </th> <th id="ec8" headers="ec1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="ec3" headers="ec1 ec2">A Total </th> <th id="ec4" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th id="ec5" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H3) </th> <th id="ec6" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t5_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.

                <sup id="t5_star">*</sup>Two cases for which the influenza type has not yet been reported, and four cases for which the age-group was not reported, are not included in Table 5.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="er2" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">16-20 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er3" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">20-44 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er4" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">45-64 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er5" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">65+ </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er6" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">Total </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er7" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">% <sup>1</sup> </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec8"> 0</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>-->Figure 8 - Number of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2014-15
                A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

                Text equivalent for figure 8aNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
                B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

                * See footnote above following the section related to PCIRN-SOS data.
                <!-- Text equivalent for figure 8bNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (>16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
                -->Figure 9 - Percentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2014-15
                A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

                Text equivalent for figure 9aPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
                B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

                <!-- Text equivalent for figure 9bPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (&ge;16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
                -->
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                Provincial/Territorial Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths

                Since the start of the 2014-15 season, 73 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations have been reported from participating provinces and territories<SUP>*</SUP>; 69 were cases of influenza A, of which the majority were A(H3N2); 55% were patients ≥65 years of age (Table 6). No ICU admissions were reported. Eight deaths with influenza A have been reported: one child <5 years of age and seven adults ≥45 years of age. Detailed clinical information (e.g. underlying medical conditions) is not known for these cases.
                * Note: Note: Influenza-associated hospitalizations are not reported to PHAC by the following Provinces and Territory: BC, NU, QC, and NB. Only hospitalizations that require intensive medical care are reported by Saskatchewan. ICU admissions are not distinguished among hospital admissions reported from Ontario. Data may also include cases reported by the IMPACT and PCIRN networks. The number of new influenza-associated hospitalizations and deaths reported for the current week may include cases from Ontario that occurred in previous weeks, as a result of retrospective updates to the cumulative total. It is important to note that the hospitalization or death does not have to be attributable to influenza, a positive laboratory test is sufficient for reporting.
                <TABLE id=t6 class=widthFull border=1 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=2><CAPTION class=alignCenter>Table 6. Cumulative number of hospitalizations with influenza reported by the participating provinces and territories, Canada, 2013-14</CAPTION><THEAD><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=fr1 rowSpan=3>Age groups </TH><TH id=fc1 colSpan=6>Cumulative (24 August 2014 to 8 November 2014)</TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-yellow><TH id=fc2 colSpan=4 headers=fc1>Influenza A </TH><TH id=fc7 headers=fc1>B </TH><TH id=fc8 headers=fc1>Influenza A and B </TH></TR><TR class=bg-colour-grey-light><TH id=fc3 headers="fc1 fc2">A Total </TH><TH id=fc4 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A(H1) pdm09 </TH><TH id=fc5 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A(H3) </TH><TH id=fc6 class=bg-colour-blue headers="fc1 fc2">A (UnS) </TH><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fc7">Total</TD><TD class=alignCenter headers="fc1 fc8"># (%)</TD></TR></THEAD><TFOOT><TR><TD class=fontSize85 colSpan=8><SUP>1</SUP> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
                </TD></TR></TFOOT><TBODY><TR><TH id=fr2 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>0-4 years </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc3">9 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc4">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc5">6 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc6">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc8">9 (12%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr3 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>5-19 years </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc3">10 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc5">10 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc8">10 (14%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr4 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>20-44 years </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc3">3 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc4">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc5">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc6">1 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc7">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc8">5 (7%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr5 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>45-64 years </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc3">7 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc5">7 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc7">2 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc8">9 (12%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr6 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>65+ years </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc3">40 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc5">30 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc6">10 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc8">40 (55%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr7 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Unknown</TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc3">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc4">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc5">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc6">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc7">0 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc8">0 (0%) </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr8 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Total </TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc3">69 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc4">2 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc5">54 </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc6">13 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc7">4 </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc8">73 </TD></TR><TR><TH id=fr9 class=alignLeft headers=fr1>Percentage <SUP>1</SUP></TH><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc3">94.5% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc4">2.9% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc5">78.3% </TD><TD class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc6">18.8% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc7">5.5% </TD><TD class=alignRight headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc8">100.0% </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
                See additional data on Reported Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths in Canada: 2009-10 to 2014-15 on the Public Health Agency of Canada website.
                .../

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                • #9
                  Re: Canada FluWatch Weekly Reports 2014-2015 Season Week 45

                  FluWatch report: November 9 to November 15, 2014 (Week 46)

                  Posted 2014-11-21 For readers interested in the <abbr title="Portable Document Format">PDF</abbr> version, the document is available for downloading or viewing:
                  <a href="http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/14-15/w46_14/pdf/fw2014-46-eng.pdf" title="Flu Watch (Version PDF, 288 KB - 10 pages)">FluWatch report: November 9 to November 15, 2014 (Week 46) (<abbr title="Portable Document Format">PDF</abbr> Version - 346 <abbr title="Kilobytes">KB</abbr> - 10 pages)

                  Help with PDF documents

                  Overall Summary
                  • In week 46, overall influenza activity increased from the previous week with sporadic activity reported in six provinces and one territory. Low-level activity started earlier this season than in the previous two years, but the geographic spread of influenza is as expected, with regions of western and central Canada most affected to date.
                  • A(H3N2) continues to be the most common type of influenza affecting Canadians.
                  • To date, 40-50% of influenza laboratory detections and hospitalizations have been in seniors ≥65 years of age.

                  Are you a primary health care practitioner (General Practitioner, Nurse Practitioner or Registered Nurse) interested in becoming a FluWatch sentinel for the 2014-15 influenza season? Contact us at FluWatch@phac-aspc.gc.ca
                  Influenza/ILI Activity (geographic spread)

                  In week 46, three regions (in AB(1) and ON(2)) reported localized activity and 18 regions (BC(3), AB(4), SK(1), MB(1), ON(3), QC(5) and YT(1)) reported sporadic activity (Figure 1).
                  Figure 1. Map of overall influenza/ILI activity level by province and territory, Canada, Week 46





                  Note: Influenza/ILI activity levels, as represented on this map, are assigned and reported by Provincial and Territorial Ministries of Health, based on laboratory confirmations, sentinel ILI rates and reported outbreaks. Please refer to detailed definitions at the end of the report. Maps from previous weeks, including any retrospective updates, are available on the FluWatch website.
                  Text equivalent for figure 1Map of overall Influenza activity level by province and territory, Canada
                  Influenza and Other Respiratory Virus Detections

                  The number of positive influenza tests increased sharply to 143 influenza detections (4.6% of tests) in week 46, predominantly due to influenza A (Figure 2). To date, 88% of influenza detections have been influenza A, and the vast majority of those subtyped have been A(H3) (Table 1). The timing of the season and predominant A(H3N2) subtype is similar to the pattern observed during the 2012-13 influenza season. To date, among the cases of influenza A with reported age, the largest proportion was in adults ≥65 years of age (40%). Cases of influenza B have been reported among younger age-groups, with 27% being children <5 years of age (Table 2).
                  Figure 2. Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2014-15

                  Text equivalent for figure 2Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2013-14
                  In week 46, detections of RSV and adenovirus continued to follow an upward trend, in keeping with their usual pattern of seasonal circulation. Detections of parainfluenza have been declining gradually in recent weeks. Detections of rhinovirus peaked in week 39 and continue to follow a downward trend (Figure 3).
                  For more details, see the weekly Respiratory Virus Detections in Canada Report.
                  Figure 3. Number of positive laboratory tests for other respiratory viruses by report week, Canada, 2014-15


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                  RSV: Respiratory syncytial virus; hMPV: Human metapneumovirus
                  Text equivalent for figure 3Overall Number of Influenza Outbreaks, Canada, by Report Week, 2013-2014
                  <table class="widthFull" id="t1" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 1: Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens
                  by type, subtype and province, Canada, 2014-15
                  </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="ar1" rowspan="3">Reporting provinces <sup>1</sup></th> <th id="ac1" colspan="5">Weekly
                  (November 9 to 15, 2014, 2014)</th> <th id="ac8" colspan="5">Cumulative
                  (August 24 to November 15, 2014)</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="ac2" colspan="4" headers="ac1">Influenza A</th> <th id="ac7" headers="ac1">B</th> <th id="ac9" colspan="4" headers="ac8">Influenza A</th> <th id="ac14" headers="ac8">B</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="ac3" headers="ac1 ac2">A Total</th> <th id="ac4" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H1)pdm09</th> <th id="ac5" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H3)</th> <th id="ac6" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(UnS)</th> <th class="alignCenter" headers="ac1 ac7">B Total</th> <th id="ac10" headers="ac8 ac9">A Total</th> <th id="ac11" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H1)pdm09</th> <th id="ac12" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H3)</th> <th id="ac13" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(UnS)</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ac8 ac14">B Total</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="11" class="fontSize85"><sup>1 </sup> Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
                  <sup>2 </sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                  UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="ar2" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">BC</th> <td class="alignRight">8</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">6</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">79</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">70</td> <td class="alignRight">7</td> <td class="alignRight">8</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar3" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">AB</th> <td class="alignRight">75</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">53</td> <td class="alignRight">22</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">217</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">189</td> <td class="alignRight">28</td> <td class="alignRight">18</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar4" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">SK</th> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">6</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">4</td> <td class="alignRight">8</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar5" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">MB</th> <td class="alignRight">4</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">4</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">5</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">5</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar6" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">ON</th> <td class="alignRight">25</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">20</td> <td class="alignRight">4</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">87</td> <td class="alignRight">3</td> <td class="alignRight">60</td> <td class="alignRight">24</td> <td class="alignRight">15</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar7" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">QC</th> <td class="alignRight">22</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">22</td> <td class="alignRight">5</td> <td class="alignRight">78</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">78</td> <td class="alignRight">16</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar8" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">NB</th> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar9" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">NS</th> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar10" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">PE</th> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar11" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">NL</th> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar12" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">Canada</th> <td class="alignRight">136</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">1</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">80</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">55</td> <td class="alignRight">7</td> <td class="alignRight">476</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">5</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">327</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">144</td> <td class="alignRight">68</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar13" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">Percentage<sup>2</sup></th> <td class="alignRight">95.1%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">0.7%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">58.8%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">40.4%</td> <td class="alignRight">4.9%</td> <td class="alignRight">87.5%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">1.0%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">68.7%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">30.2%</td> <td class="alignRight">12.5%</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
                  <table class="widthFull" id="t2" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 2. Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens by type, subtype and age-group reported through case-based laboratory reporting<sup>3</sup>, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="br1">Age groups (years)</th> <th colspan="5" id="bc1">Weekly
                  (November 9 to November 15, 2014)</th> <th colspan="7" id="bc8">Cumulative
                  (August 24 to November 15, 2014)</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="bc2" headers="bc1">Influenza A</th> <th id="bc7" headers="bc1">B</th> <th colspan="4" id="bc9" headers="bc8">Influenza A</th> <th id="bc14" headers="bc8">B</th> <th colspan="2" id="bc15" headers="bc8">Influenza A and B</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="bc3" headers="bc1 bc2">A Total</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc4" headers="bc1 bc2">A(H1) pdm09</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc5" headers="bc1 bc2">A(H3)</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc6" headers="bc1 bc2">A (UnS)</th> <td headers="bc1 bc7" class="alignCenter">Total</td> <th id="bc10" headers="bc8 bc9">A Total</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc11" headers="bc8 bc9">A(H1) pdm09</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="bc12" headers="bc8 bc9">A(H3)</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc13" headers="bc8 bc9">A (UnS)</th> <td headers="bc8 bc14" class="alignCenter">Total</td> <th id="bc16" headers="bc8 bc15">#</th> <th id="bc17" headers="bc8 bc15">%</th> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="13" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t2_1">1 </sup>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
                  <sup id="footnote_t2_2">2 </sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                  <sup id="footnote_t2_3">3 </sup> Table 2 includes specimens for which demographic information was reported. These represent a subset of all positive influenza cases reported.
                  UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br2" headers="br1"><5</th> <td class="alignRight">19</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">12</td> <td class="alignRight">7</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">93</td> <td class="alignRight">3</td> <td class="alignRight">35</td> <td class="alignRight">55</td> <td class="alignRight">25</td> <td class="alignRight">118</td> <td class="alignRight">17.0%</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br3" headers="br1">5-19</th> <td class="alignRight">16</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">10</td> <td class="alignRight">6</td> <td class="alignRight">4</td> <td class="alignRight">81</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">48</td> <td class="alignRight">33</td> <td class="alignRight">11</td> <td class="alignRight">92</td> <td class="alignRight">13.3%</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br4" headers="br1">20-44</th> <td class="alignRight">19</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">9</td> <td class="alignRight">10</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">89</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">32</td> <td class="alignRight">57</td> <td class="alignRight">5</td> <td class="alignRight">94</td> <td class="alignRight">13.5%</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br5" headers="br1">45-64</th> <td class="alignRight">18</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">10</td> <td class="alignRight">8</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">85</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">26</td> <td class="alignRight">59</td> <td class="alignRight">28</td> <td class="alignRight">113</td> <td class="alignRight">16.3%</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br6" headers="br1">65+</th> <td class="alignRight">41</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">22</td> <td class="alignRight">18</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">252</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">109</td> <td class="alignRight">141</td> <td class="alignRight">23</td> <td class="alignRight">275</td> <td class="alignRight">39.6%</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br7" headers="br1">Unknown</th> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">0.3%</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br8" headers="br1">Total</th> <td class="alignRight">115</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">1</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">63</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">51</td> <td class="alignRight">6</td> <td class="alignRight">602</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">5</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">250</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">347</td> <td class="alignRight">92</td> <td class="alignRight">694</td> <td class="alignRight">100.0%</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br9" headers="br1">Percentage<sup>2</sup></th> <td class="alignRight">95.0%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">0.9%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">54.8%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">44.3%</td> <td class="alignRight">5.0%</td> <td class="alignRight">86.7%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">0.8%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">41.5%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">57.6%</td> <td class="alignRight">13.3%</td> <td class="alignRight"> </td> <td class="alignRight"> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>

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                  Influenza Strain Characterizations

                  During the 2014-2015 influenza season, the National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) has characterized 20 influenza viruses [10 A(H3N2) and 10 influenza B]. Two influenza A viruses were antigenically similar to A/Texas/50/2012, and seven influenza B viruses were antigenically similar to the B/Massachusetts/2/2012 (Yamagata lineage) recommended by the WHO for the 2014-15 seasonal influenza vaccine. Eight influenza A(H3N2) viruses and three influenza B viruses showed reduced titers to antisera produced against strains recommended for the seasonal influenza vaccine (Figure 4).
                  Figure 4. Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2014-2015, N = 20

                  The NML receives a proportion of the number of influenza positive specimens from provincial laboratories for strain characterization and antiviral resistance testing. Characterization data reflect the results of haemagglutination inhibition (HAI) testing compared to the reference influenza strains recommended by WHO.
                  The recommended components for the 2014-2015 northern hemisphere trivalent influenza vaccine include: an A/California/7/2009(H1N1)pdm09-like virus, an A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2)-like virus, and a B/Massachusetts/2/2012-like virus (Yamagata lineage). For quadrivalent vaccines, the addition of a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus is recommended.


                  Text equivalent for figure 4Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2013-2014, N =3
                  Antiviral Resistance

                  During the 2014-2015 influenza season, NML has tested 21 influenza viruses for resistance to oseltamivir and zanamivir and all were sensitive to both agents. The 21 influenza A(H3N2) viruses tested for amantadine resistance were all resistant (Table 3).
                  <table class="widthFull" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption> Table 3. Antiviral resistance by influenza virus type and subtype, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="2" id="t3hc1">Virus type and subtype</th> <th colspan="2" id="t3hc2">Oseltamivir</th> <th colspan="2" id="t3hc3">Zanamivir</th> <th colspan="2" id="t3hc4">Amantadine</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="t3hc5" headers="t3hc2"># tested</th> <th id="t3hc6" headers="t3hc2"># resistant (%)</th> <th id="t3hc7" headers="t3hc3"># tested</th> <th id="t3hc8" headers="t3hc3"># resistant (%)</th> <th id="t3hc9" headers="t3hc4"># tested</th> <th id="t3hc10" headers="t3hc4"># resistant (%)</th> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"> <sup>*</sup> NA - not applicable</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" id="t3hr1" headers="t3hc1">A (H3N2)</th> <td class="alignRight">12</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">12</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">21</td> <td class="alignRight">21 (100%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" id="t3hr2" headers="t3hc1">A (H1N1)</th> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" id="t3hr3" headers="t3hc1">B</th> <td class="alignRight">9</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">9</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc9">NA <sup>*</sup></td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc10">NA <sup>*</sup></td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" id="t3hr4" headers="t3hc1">TOTAL</th> <td class="alignRight">21</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">21</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc9">21</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc10">21</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Influenza-like Illness (ILI) Consultation Rate

                  The national influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rate increased in week 46 to 41.1 consultations per 1,000 (Figure 5). To date this season, the rates have been highest among those <20 years of age.
                  Figure 5. Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2014-2015

                  Note: No data available for mean rate for weeks 19 to 39 for the 1996-1997 through 2002-2003 seasons. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively. The calculation of the average ILI consultation rate over 17 seasons was aligned with influenza activity in each season. In BC, AB, and SK, data is compiled by a provincial sentinel surveillance program for reporting to FluWatch. Not all sentinel physicians report every week.
                  Text equivalent for figure 5Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2013-2014

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                  Influenza Outbreak Surveillance

                  In week 46, two new outbreaks of influenza were reported in long-term care facilities (LTCF) (Figure 6) and one outbreak of ILI was reported in a school. To date, 18 outbreaks in LTCF have been reported.
                  Figure 6. Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2014-2015

                  1 All provinces and territories except NU report outbreaks in long-term care facilities. All provinces and territories with the exception of NU and QC report outbreaks in hospitals. Outbreaks of influenza or influenza-like-illness in other facilities are reported to FluWatch but reporting varies between jurisdictions. Outbreak definitions are included at the end of the report.
                  Text equivalent for figure 6Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2013-2014
                  Pharmacy Surveillance

                  During week 46, the proportion of prescriptions for antivirals increased slightly to 19.5 antiviral prescriptions per 100,000 total prescriptions, which is in keeping with previous seasons and consistent with other indicators of influenza circulation (Figure 7).
                  Figure 7. Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2014-15

                  Note: Pharmacy sales data are provided to the Public Health Agency of Canada by Rx Canada Inc. and sourced from major retail drug chains representing over 3,000 stores nationwide (excluding Nunavut) in 85% of Health Regions. Data provided include the number of new antiviral prescriptions (for Tamiflu and Relenza) and the total number of new prescriptions dispensed by Province/Territory and age group. Age-groups: Infant: 0-2y, Child: 2-18y; Adult: 19-64y, Senior: ≥65y.
                  Text equivalent for figure 7Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2013-14

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                  Sentinel Hospital Influenza Surveillance

                  Paediatric Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (IMPACT)
                  In week 46, 10 new laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated paediatric (≤16 years of age) hospitalizations were reported by the Immunization Monitoring Program Active (IMPACT) network: 8 cases of influenza A and 2 cases of influenza B (Figure 8a). To date this season, 29 hospitalizations have been reported by the IMPACT network, 26 (90%) of which were cases of influenza A, of these 73% were A(H3N2). The majority of cases (59%) were in children <5 years of age (Table 4). To date, two cases were admitted to the ICU (Figure 9a).
                  Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through IMPACT represents a subset of all influenza-associated paediatric hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
                  Adult Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (PCIRN)
                  Surveillance of laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated adult (≥16 years of age) hospitalizations by the PHAC/CIHR Influenza Research Network (PCIRN) Serious Outcomes Surveillance (SOS) network has not yet begun for the 2014-15 season (Figure 8b).
                  Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through PCIRN represents a subset of all influenza-associated adult hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
                  <table class="widthFull" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter" id="t4"> Table 4 - Cumulative numbers of paediatric hospitalizations with influenza reported by the IMPACT network, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="dr1">Age groups </th> <th colspan="6" id="dc1">Cumulative (Aug. 24, 2014 to November 15, 2014) </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="dc2" headers="dc1">Influenza A </th> <th id="dc7" headers="dc1">B </th> <th id="dc8" headers="dc1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="dc3" headers="dc1 dc2">A Total </th> <th id="dc4" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th id="dc5" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A(H3) </th> <th id="dc6" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A (UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dc1 dc7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dc1 dc8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t4_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                  UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="dr2" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">0-5m </th> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2 (6.9%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr3" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">6-23m </th> <td class="alignRight">6</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">5</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">6 (20.7%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr4" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">2-4y </th> <td class="alignRight">8</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">5</td> <td class="alignRight">3</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">9 (31.0%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr5" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">5-9y </th> <td class="alignRight">5</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">3</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">7 (24.1%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr6" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">10-16y </th> <td class="alignRight">5</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">4</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">5 (17.2%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr7" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">Total </th> <td class="alignRight">26</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">1</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">19</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">6</td> <td class="alignRight">3</td> <td class="alignRight">29</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr8" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">% <sup>1</sup></th> <td class="alignRight">89.7%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">3.8%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">73.1%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">23.1%</td> <td class="alignRight">10.3%</td> <td class="alignRight">100.0%</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
                  Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15
                  PCIRN-SOS surveillance for the 2014-15 season has not yet begun.

                  Figure 8 - Number of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2014-15
                  A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

                  Text equivalent for figure 8aNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
                  B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

                  * See footnote above following the section related to PCIRN-SOS data.
                  Figure 9 - Percentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2014-15
                  A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

                  Text equivalent for figure 9aPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
                  B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)


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                  Provincial/Territorial Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths

                  Since the start of the 2014-15 season, 110 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations have been reported from participating provinces and territories*; 102 were cases of influenza A, of which 80% were A(H3N2); 49% were patients ≥65 years of age (Table 6). One ICU admission was reported in an adult ≥45 years of age. Ten deaths with influenza A have been reported: one child <5 years of age, one adult 45-64 years and eight adults ≥65 years of age. Detailed clinical information (e.g. underlying medical conditions) is not known for these cases.
                  * Note: Note: Influenza-associated hospitalizations are not reported to PHAC by the following Provinces and Territory: BC, NU, QC, and NB. Only hospitalizations that require intensive medical care are reported by Saskatchewan. ICU admissions are not distinguished among hospital admissions reported from Ontario. Data may also include cases reported by the IMPACT and PCIRN networks. The number of new influenza-associated hospitalizations and deaths reported for the current week may include cases from Ontario that occurred in previous weeks, as a result of retrospective updates to the cumulative total. It is important to note that the hospitalization or death does not have to be attributable to influenza, a positive laboratory test is sufficient for reporting.
                  <table class="widthFull" id="t6" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 6. Cumulative number of hospitalizations with influenza reported by the participating provinces and territories, Canada, 2013-14 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="fr1" rowspan="3">Age groups </th> <th id="fc1" colspan="6">Cumulative (24 August 2014 to 15 November 2014)</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="fc2" colspan="4" headers="fc1">Influenza A </th> <th id="fc7" headers="fc1">B </th> <th id="fc8" headers="fc1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="fc3" headers="fc1 fc2">A Total </th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="fc4" headers="fc1 fc2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="fc5" headers="fc1 fc2">A(H3) </th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="fc6" headers="fc1 fc2">A (UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fc1 fc7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fc1 fc8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="8" class="fontSize85"><sup>1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                  UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr2" headers="fr1">0-4 years </th> <td class="alignRight">14</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">11</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">14 (13%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr3" headers="fr1">5-19 years </th> <td class="alignRight">14</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">13</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">15 (14%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr4" headers="fr1">20-44 years </th> <td class="alignRight">9</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">6</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">11 (10%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr5" headers="fr1">45-64 years </th> <td class="alignRight">12</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">11</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">14 (13%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr6" headers="fr1">65+ years </th> <td class="alignRight">51</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">39</td> <td class="alignRight">12</td> <td class="alignRight">3</td> <td class="alignRight">54 (49%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr7" headers="fr1">Unknown</th> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2 (2%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr8" headers="fr1">Total </th> <td class="alignRight">102</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">2</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">82</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">18</td> <td class="alignRight">8</td> <td class="alignRight">110</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr9" headers="fr1">Percentage <sup> 1</sup></th> <td class="alignRight">92.7%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">2.0%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">80.4%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">17.6%</td> <td class="alignRight">7.3%</td> <td class="alignRight">100.0%</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> See additional data on Reported Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths in Canada: 2009-10 to 2014-15 on the Public Health Agency of Canada website.
                  .../
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                  • #10
                    Re: Canada FluWatch Weekly Reports 2014-2015 Season Week 46

                    FluWatch report: November 16 to November 22, 2014 (Week 47)

                    Posted 2014-11-28 For readers interested in the <abbr title="Portable Document Format">PDF</abbr> version, the document is available for downloading or viewing:
                    <a href="http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/14-15/w47_14/pdf/fw2014-47-eng.pdf" title="Flu Watch (Version PDF, 288 KB - 10 pages)">FluWatch report: November 16 to November 22, 2014 (Week 47) (<abbr title="Portable Document Format">PDF</abbr> Version - 346 <abbr title="Kilobytes">KB</abbr> - 10 pages)

                    Help with PDF documents

                    Overall Summary
                    • In week 47, overall influenza activity increased compared to the previous week with localized activity reported in six provinces, and a sharp increase in laboratory detections in western and central provinces.
                    • A(H3N2) continues to be the most common type of influenza affecting Canadians. In both laboratory detections and hospitalizations, the majority of cases have been among seniors ≥65 years of age.
                    • In week 47, 16 new outbreaks of influenza in long-term care facilities were reported.

                    Are you a primary health care practitioner (General Practitioner, Nurse Practitioner or Registered Nurse) interested in becoming a FluWatch sentinel for the 2014-15 influenza season? Contact us at FluWatch@phac-aspc.gc.ca
                    Influenza/ILI Activity (geographic spread)

                    In week 47, eleven regions (in BC(2), AB(2), SK(1), ON(3), QC(2), and PE(1)) reported localized activity and 15 regions (BC(2), AB(3), SK(1), MB(1), ON(1), QC(4), NS(1), NL(1) and YT(1)) reported sporadic activity (Figure 1).
                    Figure 1. Map of overall influenza/ILI activity level by province and territory, Canada, Week 47





                    Note: Influenza/ILI activity levels, as represented on this map, are assigned and reported by Provincial and Territorial Ministries of Health, based on laboratory confirmations, sentinel ILI rates and reported outbreaks. Please refer to detailed definitions at the end of the report. Maps from previous weeks, including any retrospective updates, are available on the FluWatch website.
                    Text equivalent for figure 1Map of overall Influenza activity level by province and territory, Canada
                    Influenza and Other Respiratory Virus Detections

                    The number of positive influenza tests increased sharply to 295 influenza detections (8.6% of tests) in week 47, predominantly due to influenza A (Figure 2). To date, 97% of influenza detections have been influenza A, and the vast majority of those subtyped have been A(H3) (Table 1). The timing of the season and predominant A(H3N2) subtype is similar to the pattern observed during the 2012-13 influenza season. To date, among the cases of influenza A with reported age, the largest proportion was in adults ≥65 years of age (47%) (Table 2).
                    Figure 2. Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2014-15

                    Text equivalent for figure 2Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2013-14
                    In week 47, detections of RSV and adenovirus continued to follow an upward trend, in keeping with their usual pattern of seasonal circulation. Detections of rhinovirus peaked in week 39 and continue to follow a downward trend (Figure 3).
                    For more details, see the weekly Respiratory Virus Detections in Canada Report.
                    Figure 3. Number of positive laboratory tests for other respiratory viruses by report week, Canada, 2014-15


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                    RSV: Respiratory syncytial virus; hMPV: Human metapneumovirus
                    Text equivalent for figure 3Overall Number of Influenza Outbreaks, Canada, by Report Week, 2013-2014
                    <table class="widthFull" id="t1" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 1: Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens
                    by type, subtype and province, Canada, 2014-15
                    </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="ar1" rowspan="3">Reporting provinces <sup>1</sup></th> <th id="ac1" colspan="5">Weekly
                    (November 16 to 22, 2014, 2014)</th> <th id="ac8" colspan="5">Cumulative
                    (August 24 to November 22, 2014)</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="ac2" colspan="4" headers="ac1">Influenza A</th> <th id="ac7" headers="ac1">B</th> <th id="ac9" colspan="4" headers="ac8">Influenza A</th> <th id="ac14" headers="ac8">B</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="ac3" headers="ac1 ac2">A Total</th> <th id="ac4" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H1)pdm09</th> <th id="ac5" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H3)</th> <th id="ac6" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(UnS)</th> <th class="alignCenter" headers="ac1 ac7">B Total</th> <th id="ac10" headers="ac8 ac9">A Total</th> <th id="ac11" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H1)pdm09</th> <th id="ac12" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H3)</th> <th id="ac13" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(UnS)</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ac8 ac14">B Total</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="11" class="fontSize85"><sup>1 </sup> Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
                    <sup>2 </sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                    UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="ar2" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">BC</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 26 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 24 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac7"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 105 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 100 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 3 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac14"> 9 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar3" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">AB</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 139 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 99 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 40 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac7"> 5 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 357 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 309 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 48 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac14"> 23 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar4" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">SK</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 3 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 2</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 8</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 4</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 4</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac14"> 0</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar5" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">MB</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 6 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 6 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac14"> 1 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar6" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">ON</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 37 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 28 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 8 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 124 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 4 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 88 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 32 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac14"> 15 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar7" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">QC</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 74 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 74 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac7"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 152 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 152 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac14"> 18 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar8" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">NB</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac14"> 0 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar9" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">NS</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac14"> 2 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar10" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">PE</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac7"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac14"> 1 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar11" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">NL</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac14"> 0 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar12" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">Canada</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 283 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 1 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 155</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 127</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac7"> 9 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 759</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 6</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 510</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 243</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac14"> 69</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar13" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">Percentage<sup>2</sup></th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 96.9% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0.4% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 54.8% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 44.9% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac7"> 3.1% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 91.7% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0.8% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 67.2% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 32.0% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac14"> 8.3% </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
                    <table class="widthFull" id="t2" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 2. Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens by type, subtype and age-group reported through case-based laboratory reporting<sup>3</sup>, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="br1">Age groups (years)</th> <th colspan="5" id="bc1">Weekly
                    (November 16 to November 22, 2014)</th> <th colspan="7" id="bc8">Cumulative
                    (August 24 to November 22, 2014)</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="bc2" headers="bc1">Influenza A</th> <th id="bc7" headers="bc1">B</th> <th colspan="4" id="bc9" headers="bc8">Influenza A</th> <th id="bc14" headers="bc8">B</th> <th colspan="2" id="bc15" headers="bc8">Influenza A and B</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="bc3" headers="bc1 bc2">A Total</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc4" headers="bc1 bc2">A(H1) pdm09</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc5" headers="bc1 bc2">A(H3)</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc6" headers="bc1 bc2">A (UnS)</th> <td headers="bc1 bc7" class="alignCenter">Total</td> <th id="bc10" headers="bc8 bc9">A Total</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc11" headers="bc8 bc9">A(H1) pdm09</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="bc12" headers="bc8 bc9">A(H3)</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc13" headers="bc8 bc9">A (UnS)</th> <td headers="bc8 bc14" class="alignCenter">Total</td> <th id="bc16" headers="bc8 bc15">#</th> <th id="bc17" headers="bc8 bc15">%</th> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="13" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t2_1">1 </sup>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
                    <sup id="footnote_t2_2">2 </sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                    <sup id="footnote_t2_3">3 </sup> Table 2 includes specimens for which demographic information was reported. These represent a subset of all positive influenza cases reported.
                    UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br2" headers="br1"><5</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 21 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 15 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 6 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 84 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 4 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 61 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 19 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc14"> 9 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 93 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 12.1% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br3" headers="br1">5-19</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 18 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 11 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 7 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc7"> 4 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 85 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 68 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 17 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc14"> 14 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 99 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 12.9% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br4" headers="br1">20-44</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 52 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 35 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 17 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 119 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 82 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 37 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc14"> 5 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 124 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 16.1% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br5" headers="br1">45-64</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 19 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 10 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 9 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 76 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 52 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 24 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc14"> 16 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 92 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 11.9% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br6" headers="br1">65+</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 123 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 56 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 67 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc7"> 4 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 342 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 232 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 108 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc14"> 19 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 361 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 46.9% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br7" headers="br1">Unknown</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc14"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 0.1% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br8" headers="br1">Total</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 233 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 127 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 106 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc7"> 8 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 707 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 6 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 495 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 206 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc14"> 63 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 770 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 100.0% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br9" headers="br1">Percentage<sup>2</sup></th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 96.7% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0.0% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 54.5% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 45.5% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc7"> 3.3% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 91.8% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 0.8% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 70.0% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 29.1% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc14"> 8.2% </td> <td class="alignCenter"> </td> <td class="alignCenter"> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>

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                    Influenza Strain Characterizations

                    During the 2014-2015 influenza season, the National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) has characterized 22 influenza viruses [10 A(H3N2) and 12 influenza B]. Two influenza A viruses were antigenically similar to A/Texas/50/2012, and nine influenza B viruses were antigenically similar to the B/Massachusetts/2/2012 (Yamagata lineage) recommended by the WHO for the 2014-15 seasonal influenza vaccine. Eight influenza A(H3N2) viruses and three influenza B viruses showed reduced titers to antisera produced against strains recommended for the seasonal influenza vaccine (Figure 4).
                    Figure 4. Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2014-2015, N = 22

                    The NML receives a proportion of the number of influenza positive specimens from provincial laboratories for strain characterization and antiviral resistance testing. Characterization data reflect the results of haemagglutination inhibition (HAI) testing compared to the reference influenza strains recommended by WHO.
                    The recommended components for the 2014-2015 northern hemisphere trivalent influenza vaccine include: an A/California/7/2009(H1N1)pdm09-like virus, an A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2)-like virus, and a B/Massachusetts/2/2012-like virus (Yamagata lineage). For quadrivalent vaccines, the addition of a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus is recommended.


                    Text equivalent for figure 4Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2013-2014, N =3
                    Antiviral Resistance

                    During the 2014-2015 influenza season, NML has tested 37 influenza viruses for resistance to oseltamivir and zanamivir and all were sensitive to both agents. The 46 influenza A(H3N2) viruses tested for amantadine resistance were all resistant (Table 3).
                    <table class="widthFull" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption> Table 3. Antiviral resistance by influenza virus type and subtype, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="2" id="t3hc1">Virus type and subtype</th> <th colspan="2" id="t3hc2">Oseltamivir</th> <th colspan="2" id="t3hc3">Zanamivir</th> <th colspan="2" id="t3hc4">Amantadine</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="t3hc5" headers="t3hc2"># tested</th> <th id="t3hc6" headers="t3hc2"># resistant (%)</th> <th id="t3hc7" headers="t3hc3"># tested</th> <th id="t3hc8" headers="t3hc3"># resistant (%)</th> <th id="t3hc9" headers="t3hc4"># tested</th> <th id="t3hc10" headers="t3hc4"># resistant (%)</th> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"> <sup>*</sup> NA - not applicable</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" id="t3hr1" headers="t3hc1">A (H3N2)</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc5">27</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc7">27</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc9">46</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc10">46(100%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" id="t3hr2" headers="t3hc1">A (H1N1)</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc9">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc10">0</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" id="t3hr3" headers="t3hc1">B</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc5">10</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc7">10</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc9">NA <sup>*</sup></td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc10">NA <sup>*</sup></td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" id="t3hr4" headers="t3hc1">TOTAL</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc5">37</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc7">37</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc9">46</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc10">46</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Influenza-like Illness (ILI) Consultation Rate

                    The national influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rate decreased in week 47 to 26.8 consultations per 1,000 (Figure 5). To date this season, the rates have been highest among those <20 years of age.
                    Figure 5. Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2014-2015

                    Note: No data available for mean rate for weeks 19 to 39 for the 1996-1997 through 2002-2003 seasons. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively. The calculation of the average ILI consultation rate over 17 seasons was aligned with influenza activity in each season. In BC, AB, and SK, data is compiled by a provincial sentinel surveillance program for reporting to FluWatch. Not all sentinel physicians report every week.
                    Text equivalent for figure 5Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2013-2014

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                    Influenza Outbreak Surveillance

                    In week 47, 16 new outbreaks of influenza A were reported in long-term care facilities (LTCF) (Figure 6). Two additional outbreaks of influenza A were reported, one in a school and one in another setting. To date, 35 outbreaks in LTCF have been reported.
                    Figure 6. Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2014-2015

                    1 All provinces and territories except NU report outbreaks in long-term care facilities. All provinces and territories with the exception of NU and QC report outbreaks in hospitals. Outbreaks of influenza or influenza-like-illness in other facilities are reported to FluWatch but reporting varies between jurisdictions. Outbreak definitions are included at the end of the report.
                    Text equivalent for figure 6Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2013-2014
                    Pharmacy Surveillance

                    During week 47, the proportion of prescriptions for antivirals increased to 23.7 antiviral prescriptions per 100,000 total prescriptions, which is in keeping with previous seasons and consistent with other indicators of influenza circulation (Figure 7).
                    Figure 7. Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2014-15

                    Note: Pharmacy sales data are provided to the Public Health Agency of Canada by Rx Canada Inc. and sourced from major retail drug chains representing over 3,000 stores nationwide (excluding Nunavut) in 85% of Health Regions. Data provided include the number of new antiviral prescriptions (for Tamiflu and Relenza) and the total number of new prescriptions dispensed by Province/Territory and age group. Age-groups: Infant: 0-2y, Child: 2-18y; Adult: 19-64y, Senior: ≥65y.
                    Text equivalent for figure 7Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2013-14

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                    Sentinel Hospital Influenza Surveillance

                    Paediatric Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (IMPACT)
                    In week 47, nine new laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated paediatric (≤16 years of age) hospitalizations were reported by the Immunization Monitoring Program Active (IMPACT) network: 8 cases of influenza A and one case of influenza B (Figure 8a). To date this season, 38 hospitalizations have been reported by the IMPACT network, 34 (90%) of which were cases of influenza A, of these 71% were A(H3N2). The majority of cases (55%) were in children <5 years of age (Table 4). To date, five cases were admitted to the ICU (Figure 9a).
                    Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through IMPACT represents a subset of all influenza-associated paediatric hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
                    Adult Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (PCIRN)
                    Surveillance of laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated adult (≥16 years of age) hospitalizations by the PHAC/CIHR Influenza Research Network (PCIRN) Serious Outcomes Surveillance (SOS) network for the 2014-15 season began on November 15th, 2014 (Figure 8b). To date, nine cases have been reported, all adults ≥65 years of age with influenza A (Table 5). Two cases were admitted to the ICU (Figure 8b).
                    Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through PCIRN represents a subset of all influenza-associated adult hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
                    <table class="widthFull" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter" id="t4"> Table 4 - Cumulative numbers of paediatric hospitalizations with influenza reported by the IMPACT network, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="dr1">Age groups </th> <th colspan="6" id="dc1">Cumulative (Aug. 24, 2014 to November 22, 2014) </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="dc2" headers="dc1">Influenza A </th> <th id="dc7" headers="dc1">B </th> <th id="dc8" headers="dc1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="dc3" headers="dc1 dc2">A Total </th> <th id="dc4" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th id="dc5" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A(H3) </th> <th id="dc6" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A (UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dc1 dc7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dc1 dc8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t4_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                    UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="dr2" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">0-5m </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 2</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc8"> 2(5.3%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr3" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">6-23m </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 7 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 6</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc8"> 7(18.4%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr4" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">2-4y </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 11</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 8</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 3</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc7"> 1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc8"> 12(31.6%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr5" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">5-9y </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 6</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 3</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 3</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc7"> 2</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc8"> 8(21.1%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr6" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">10-16y </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 4</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 5</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 3</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc7"> 1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc8"> 9(23.7%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr7" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">Total </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 34</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 1</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 24</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 9</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc7"> 4</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc8"> 38</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr8" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">% <sup>1</sup></th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 89.5% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 2.9% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 70.6% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 26.5% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc7"> 10.5% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc8"> 100.0% </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
                    <table class="widthFull" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="er1">Age groups </th> <th id="ec1" colspan="6" class="noWrap">Cumulative (15 Nov. 2014 to 22 Nov. 2014)</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="ec2" headers="ec1">Influenza A </th> <th id="ec7" headers="ec1">B </th> <th id="ec8" headers="ec1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="ec3" headers="ec1 ec2">A Total </th> <th id="ec4" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th id="ec5" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H3) </th> <th id="ec6" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t5_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                    UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="er2" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">16-20 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec8"> 0(%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er3" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">20-44 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec8">0(%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er4" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">45-64 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec8">0(%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er5" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">65+ </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 9</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 2</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 7</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec8"> 9(100%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er6" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">Total </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 9</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 2</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 7</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec8"> 9</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er7" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">% <sup>1</sup> </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec3">100%</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0%</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 22%</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 78%</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec8"> 100%</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Figure 8 - Number of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2014-15
                    A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

                    Text equivalent for figure 8aNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
                    B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

                    * See footnote above following the section related to PCIRN-SOS data.
                    Text equivalent for figure 8bNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (>16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
                    Figure 9 - Percentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2014-15
                    A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

                    Text equivalent for figure 9aPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
                    B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

                    Text equivalent for figure 9bPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

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                    Provincial/Territorial Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths

                    In week 47, 22 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations were reported from participating provinces and territories*. Since the start of the 2014-15 season, 145 hospitalizations have been reported; 137 (95%) with influenza A, of which 83% were A(H3N2); 51% were patients ≥65 years of age (Table 6). Three ICU admissions have been reported in adults ≥45 years of age with influenza A. Eleven deaths with influenza A have been reported: one child <5 years of age, one adult 45-64 years and nine adults ≥65 years of age. Detailed clinical information (e.g. underlying medical conditions) is not known for these cases.
                    * Note: Influenza-associated hospitalizations are not reported to PHAC by the following Provinces and Territory: BC, NU, QC, and NB. Only hospitalizations that require intensive medical care are reported by Saskatchewan. ICU admissions are not distinguished among hospital admissions reported from Ontario. Data may also include cases reported by the IMPACT and PCIRN networks. The number of new influenza-associated hospitalizations and deaths reported for the current week may include cases from Ontario that occurred in previous weeks, as a result of retrospective updates to the cumulative total. It is important to note that the hospitalization or death does not have to be attributable to influenza, a positive laboratory test is sufficient for reporting.
                    <table class="widthFull" id="t6" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 6. Cumulative number of hospitalizations with influenza reported by the participating provinces and territories, Canada, 2013-14 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="fr1" rowspan="3">Age groups </th> <th id="fc1" colspan="6">Cumulative (24 August 2014 to 22 November 2014)</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="fc2" colspan="4" headers="fc1">Influenza A </th> <th id="fc7" headers="fc1">B </th> <th id="fc8" headers="fc1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="fc3" headers="fc1 fc2">A Total </th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="fc4" headers="fc1 fc2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="fc5" headers="fc1 fc2">A(H3) </th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="fc6" headers="fc1 fc2">A (UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fc1 fc7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fc1 fc8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="8" class="fontSize85"><sup>1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                    UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr2" headers="fr1">0-4 years </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 19 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 15</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 3</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc8">19 (13%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr3" headers="fr1">5-19 years </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 15</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 14</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc7"> 1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc8"> 16 (11%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr4" headers="fr1">20-44 years </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 13 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 10</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 2</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc7"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc8"> 15 (10%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr5" headers="fr1">45-64 years </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 17 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 15</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc7"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc8"> 19 (13%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr6" headers="fr1">65+ years </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 71 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 58</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 13</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc7"> 3</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc8"> 74 (51%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr7" headers="fr1">Unknown</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 2</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc8"> 2 (1%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr8" headers="fr1">Total </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 137 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 2</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc5">114</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 21</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc7"> 8</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc8"> 145</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr9" headers="fr1">Percentage <sup> 1</sup></th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 94.5% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 1.5% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 83.2% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 15.3% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc7"> 5.5% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc8"> 100.0% </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> See additional data on Reported Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths in Canada: 2009-10 to 2014-15 on the Public Health Agency of Canada website.


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                    • #11
                      Re: Canada FluWatch Weekly Reports 2014-2015 Season Week 48

                      FluWatch report: November 23 to November 29, 2014 (Week 48)

                      Posted 2014-12-05 For readers interested in the <abbr title="Portable Document Format">PDF</abbr> version, the document is available for downloading or viewing:
                      <a href="http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/14-15/w48_14/pdf/fw2014-48-eng.pdf" title="Flu Watch (Version PDF, 288 KB - 10 pages)">FluWatch report: November 23 to November 29, 2014 (Week 48) (<abbr title="Portable Document Format">PDF</abbr> Version - 346 <abbr title="Kilobytes">KB</abbr> - 10 pages)

                      Help with PDF documents

                      Overall Summary
                      • In week 48, laboratory detections of influenza increased sharply for the second consecutive week (twice the number detected in week 47) and hospitalizations with influenza also increased. The majority of laboratory detections and hospitalizations continued to be reported in BC, AB, ON and QC; but with increasing activity in SK and MB.
                      • A(H3N2) continues to be the most common type of influenza affecting Canadians. In both laboratory detections and hospitalizations, the majority of cases have been among seniors ≥65 years of age.
                      • Similar to the previous week, there was a large number of newly-reported laboratory-confirmed outbreaks of influenza in week 48: 21 reported in 5 provinces, of which 17 were in long-term care facilities.

                      Are you a primary health care practitioner (General Practitioner, Nurse Practitioner or Registered Nurse) interested in becoming a FluWatch sentinel for the 2014-15 influenza season? Contact us at FluWatch@phac-aspc.gc.ca
                      Influenza/ILI Activity (geographic spread)

                      In week 48, one region in BC reported widespread activity, 13 regions (in BC(1), AB(3), SK(1), ON(4), QC(3), and NL(1)) reported localized activity and 14 regions (BC(1), AB(2), SK(2), MB(2), ON(1), QC(3), NB(1), PE(1) and YT(1)) reported sporadic activity (Figure 1).
                      Figure 1. Map of overall influenza/ILI activity level by province and territory, Canada, Week 48





                      Note: Influenza/ILI activity levels, as represented on this map, are assigned and reported by Provincial and Territorial Ministries of Health, based on laboratory confirmations, sentinel ILI rates and reported outbreaks. Please refer to detailed definitions at the end of the report. Maps from previous weeks, including any retrospective updates, are available on the FluWatch website.
                      Text equivalent for figure 1Map of overall Influenza activity level by province and territory, Canada
                      Influenza and Other Respiratory Virus Detections

                      In week 48, the number of positive influenza tests increased sharply for the second week in a row, to 630 influenza detections (15.2% of tests), predominantly due to influenza A (Figure 2). To date, 94% of influenza detections have been influenza A, and 99% of those subtyped have been A(H3) (Table 1). The timing of the season and predominant A(H3N2) subtype is similar to the pattern observed during the 2012-13 influenza season. To date, among the cases of influenza A with reported age, the largest proportion was in adults ≥65 years of age (61%) (Table 2).
                      Figure 2. Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2014-15

                      Text equivalent for figure 2Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2013-14
                      In week 48, detections of RSV continued to follow an upward trend, in keeping with its usual pattern of seasonal circulation. Detections of parainfluenza and adenovirus also continue to follow their seasonal patterns of broad winter circulation. Detections of rhinovirus peaked in week 39 and continue to follow a downward trend (Figure 3).
                      For more details, see the weekly Respiratory Virus Detections in Canada Report.
                      Figure 3. Number of positive laboratory tests for other respiratory viruses by report week, Canada, 2014-15


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                      RSV: Respiratory syncytial virus; hMPV: Human metapneumovirus
                      Text equivalent for figure 3Overall Number of Influenza Outbreaks, Canada, by Report Week, 2013-2014
                      <table class="widthFull" id="t1" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 1: Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens
                      by type, subtype and province, Canada, 2014-15
                      </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="ar1" rowspan="3">Reporting provinces <sup>1</sup></th> <th id="ac1" colspan="5">Weekly
                      (November 23 to 29, 2014, 2014)</th> <th id="ac8" colspan="5">Cumulative
                      (August 24 to November 29, 2014)</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="ac2" colspan="4" headers="ac1">Influenza A</th> <th id="ac7" headers="ac1">B</th> <th id="ac9" colspan="4" headers="ac8">Influenza A</th> <th id="ac14" headers="ac8">B</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="ac3" headers="ac1 ac2">A Total</th> <th id="ac4" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H1)pdm09</th> <th id="ac5" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H3)</th> <th id="ac6" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(UnS)</th> <th class="alignCenter" headers="ac1 ac7">B Total</th> <th id="ac10" headers="ac8 ac9">A Total</th> <th id="ac11" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H1)pdm09</th> <th id="ac12" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H3)</th> <th id="ac13" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(UnS)</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ac8 ac14">B Total</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="11" class="fontSize85"><sup>1 </sup> Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
                      <sup>2 </sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                      UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="ar2" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">BC</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 32 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 22 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 10 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 131 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 2 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 118 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 11 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac14"> 9 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar3" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">AB</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 228 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 195 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 33 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac7"> 7 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 589 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 545 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 44 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac14"> 30 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar4" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">SK</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 14 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 9 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 5 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac7"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 25 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 14 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 11 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac14"> 1 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar5" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">MB</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 6 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 5 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 12 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 7 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 5 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac14"> 1 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar6" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">ON</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 82 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 57 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 25 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac7"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 206 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 4 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 147 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 55 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac14"> 16 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar7" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">QC</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 244 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 244 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac7"> 12 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 396 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 396 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac14"> 30 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar8" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">NB</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 3 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 2 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac14"> 0 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar9" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">NS</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac14"> 2 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar10" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">PE</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 2 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 2 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 4 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 3 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac14"> 1 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar11" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">NL</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 2 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac14"> 0 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar12" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">Canada</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 609 </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 287 </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 322 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac7"> 21 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 1369 </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 6 </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 837 </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 526 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac14"> 90 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar13" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">Percentage<sup>2</sup></th> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 96.7% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0.0% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 47.1% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 52.9% </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac7"> 3.3% </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 93.8% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0.4% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 61.1% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 38.4% </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac14"> 6.2% </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>

                      <table class="widthFull" id="t2" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 2. Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens by type, subtype and age-group reported through case-based laboratory reporting<sup>3</sup>, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="br1">Age groups (years)</th> <th colspan="5" id="bc1">Weekly
                      (November 23 to November 29, 2014)</th> <th colspan="7" id="bc8">Cumulative
                      (August 24 to November 29, 2014)</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="bc2" headers="bc1">Influenza A</th> <th id="bc7" headers="bc1">B</th> <th colspan="4" id="bc9" headers="bc8">Influenza A</th> <th id="bc14" headers="bc8">B</th> <th colspan="2" id="bc15" headers="bc8">Influenza A and B</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="bc3" headers="bc1 bc2">A Total</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc4" headers="bc1 bc2">A(H1) pdm09</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc5" headers="bc1 bc2">A(H3)</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc6" headers="bc1 bc2">A (UnS)</th> <td headers="bc1 bc7" class="alignCenter">Total</td> <th id="bc10" headers="bc8 bc9">A Total</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc11" headers="bc8 bc9">A(H1) pdm09</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="bc12" headers="bc8 bc9">A(H3)</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc13" headers="bc8 bc9">A (UnS)</th> <td headers="bc8 bc14" class="alignCenter">Total</td> <th id="bc16" headers="bc8 bc15">#</th> <th id="bc17" headers="bc8 bc15">%</th> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="13" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t2_1">1 </sup>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
                      <sup id="footnote_t2_2">2 </sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                      <sup id="footnote_t2_3">3 </sup> Table 2 includes specimens for which demographic information was reported. These represent a subset of all positive influenza cases reported.
                      UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br2" headers="br1"><5</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 48 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 34 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 14 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc7"> 2 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 29 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 2 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 14 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 13 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc14"> 7 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 36 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 3.5% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br3" headers="br1">5-19</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 52 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 35 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 17 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc7"> 4 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 71 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 2 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 36 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 33 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc14"> 9 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 80 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 7.8% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br4" headers="br1">20-44</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 67 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 36 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 31 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc7"> 7 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 87 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 44 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 43 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc14"> 20 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 107 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 10.4% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br5" headers="br1">45-64</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 72 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 27 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 45 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc7"> 7 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 159 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 105 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 54 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc14"> 13 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 172 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 16.8% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br6" headers="br1">65+</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 282 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 83 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 199 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc7"> 12 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 604 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 357 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 246 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc14"> 25 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 629 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 61.4% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br7" headers="br1">Unknown</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc14"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 0.1% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br8" headers="br1">Total</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 521 </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 215 </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 306 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc7"> 32 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 951 </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 5 </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 556 </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 390 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc14"> 74 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 1025 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 100.0% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br9" headers="br1">Percentage<sup>2</sup></th> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 94.2% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0.0% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 41.3% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 58.7% </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc7"> 5.8% </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 92.8% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 0.5% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 58.5% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 41.0% </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc14"> 7.2% </td> <td class="alignRight"> </td> <td class="alignRight"> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>

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                      Influenza Strain Characterizations

                      During the 2014-2015 influenza season, the National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) has characterized 23 influenza viruses [10 A(H3N2) and 13 influenza B]. Two influenza A viruses were antigenically similar to A/Texas/50/2012, and 10 influenza B viruses were antigenically similar to the B/Massachusetts/2/2012 (Yamagata lineage) recommended by the WHO for the 2014-15 seasonal influenza vaccine. Eight influenza A(H3N2) viruses and three influenza B viruses showed reduced titers to antisera produced against strains recommended for the seasonal influenza vaccine (Figure 4).
                      Figure 4. Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2014-2015, N = 23

                      The NML receives a proportion of the number of influenza positive specimens from provincial laboratories for strain characterization and antiviral resistance testing. Characterization data reflect the results of haemagglutination inhibition (HAI) testing compared to the reference influenza strains recommended by WHO.
                      The recommended components for the 2014-2015 northern hemisphere trivalent influenza vaccine include: an A/California/7/2009(H1N1)pdm09-like virus, an A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2)-like virus, and a B/Massachusetts/2/2012-like virus (Yamagata lineage). For quadrivalent vaccines, the addition of a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus is recommended.


                      Text equivalent for figure 4Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2013-2014, N =3
                      Antiviral Resistance

                      During the 2014-2015 influenza season, NML has tested 49 influenza viruses for resistance to oseltamivir and zanamivir and all were sensitive to both agents. The 57 influenza A(H3N2) viruses tested for amantadine resistance were all resistant (Table 3).
                      <table class="widthFull" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption> Table 3. Antiviral resistance by influenza virus type and subtype, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="2" id="t3hc1">Virus type and subtype</th> <th colspan="2" id="t3hc2">Oseltamivir</th> <th colspan="2" id="t3hc3">Zanamivir</th> <th colspan="2" id="t3hc4">Amantadine</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="t3hc5" headers="t3hc2"># tested</th> <th id="t3hc6" headers="t3hc2"># resistant (%)</th> <th id="t3hc7" headers="t3hc3"># tested</th> <th id="t3hc8" headers="t3hc3"># resistant (%)</th> <th id="t3hc9" headers="t3hc4"># tested</th> <th id="t3hc10" headers="t3hc4"># resistant (%)</th> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"> <sup>*</sup> NA - not applicable</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" id="t3hr1" headers="t3hc1">A (H3N2)</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc5">36</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc7">36</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc9">57</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc10">57(100%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" id="t3hr2" headers="t3hc1">A (H1N1)</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc9">0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc10">0</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" id="t3hr3" headers="t3hc1">B</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc5">13</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc7">13</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc9">NA <sup>*</sup></td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc10">NA <sup>*</sup></td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" id="t3hr4" headers="t3hc1">TOTAL</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc5">49</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc7">49</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc9">57</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc10">57</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Influenza-like Illness (ILI) Consultation Rate

                      The national influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rate increased in week 48 to 29.1 consultations per 1,000, which is above expected levels for week 48 (Figure 5). To date this season, the rates have been highest among those <20 years of age.
                      Figure 5. Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2014-2015

                      Note: No data available for mean rate for weeks 19 to 39 for the 1996-1997 through 2002-2003 seasons. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively. The calculation of the average ILI consultation rate over 17 seasons was aligned with influenza activity in each season. In BC, AB, and SK, data is compiled by a provincial sentinel surveillance program for reporting to FluWatch. Not all sentinel physicians report every week.
                      Text equivalent for figure 5Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2013-2014

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                      Influenza Outbreak Surveillance

                      In week 48, 21 new outbreaks of influenza A were reported: 17 in long-term care facilities (LTCF), three in hospitals and one in another institutional or community setting (Figure 6). Among the five LTCF outbreaks in which the influenza subtype was known, all were A(H3N2); the outbreak in another setting was associated with A(H1N1)pdm09. To date this season, 52 outbreaks in LTCF have been reported.
                      Figure 6. Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2014-2015

                      1 All provinces and territories except NU report outbreaks in long-term care facilities. All provinces and territories with the exception of NU and QC report outbreaks in hospitals. Outbreaks of influenza or influenza-like-illness in other facilities are reported to FluWatch but reporting varies between jurisdictions. Outbreak definitions are included at the end of the report.
                      Text equivalent for figure 6Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2013-2014
                      Pharmacy Surveillance

                      During week 48, the proportion of prescriptions for antivirals increased to 35.5 antiviral prescriptions per 100,000 total prescriptions, which is in keeping with previous seasons (Figure 7).
                      Figure 7. Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2014-15

                      Note: Pharmacy sales data are provided to the Public Health Agency of Canada by Rx Canada Inc. and sourced from major retail drug chains representing over 3,000 stores nationwide (excluding Nunavut) in 85% of Health Regions. Data provided include the number of new antiviral prescriptions (for Tamiflu and Relenza) and the total number of new prescriptions dispensed by Province/Territory and age group. Age-groups: Infant: 0-2y, Child: 2-18y; Adult: 19-64y, Senior: ≥65y.
                      Text equivalent for figure 7Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2013-14

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                      Sentinel Hospital Influenza Surveillance

                      Paediatric Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (IMPACT)
                      In week 48, 13 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated paediatric (≤16 years of age) hospitalizations were reported by the Immunization Monitoring Program Active (IMPACT) network: 12 cases of influenza A and one case of influenza B (Figure 8a). To date this season, 51 hospitalizations have been reported by the IMPACT network, 46 (90%) of which were cases of influenza A. Among cases for which the influenza A subtype was reported, 35/37 were A(H3N2). The majority of cases (67%) were in children <5 years of age (Table 4). To date, six cases were admitted to the ICU (Figure 9a).
                      Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through IMPACT represents a subset of all influenza-associated paediatric hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
                      Adult Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (PCIRN)
                      In week 48, 26 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated adult (≥16 years of age) hospitalizations were reported by the PHAC/CIHR Influenza Research Network (PCIRN) Serious Outcomes Surveillance (SOS) network: 25 cases of influenza A and one case of influenza B (Figure 8b). To date this season, 36 cases have been reported; 35 (97%) with influenza A. The majority of cases (83%) were among adults ≥65 years of age (Table 5). Two ICU admissions and one death have been reported, all adults ≥65 years of age with underlying conditions or comorbidities (Figure 8b).
                      Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through PCIRN represents a subset of all influenza-associated adult hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
                      <table class="widthFull" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter" id="t4"> Table 4 - Cumulative numbers of paediatric hospitalizations with influenza reported by the IMPACT network, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="dr1">Age groups </th> <th colspan="6" id="dc1">Cumulative (Aug. 24, 2014 to November 29, 2014) </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="dc2" headers="dc1">Influenza A </th> <th id="dc7" headers="dc1">B </th> <th id="dc8" headers="dc1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="dc3" headers="dc1 dc2">A Total </th> <th id="dc4" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th id="dc5" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A(H3) </th> <th id="dc6" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A (UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dc1 dc7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dc1 dc8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t4_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                      UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="dr2" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">0-5m </th> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 6 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 6</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc7"> 0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc8"> 6 (11.8%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr3" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">6-23m </th> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 8</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 1</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 7</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc7"> 0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc8"> 8 (15.7%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr4" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">2-4y </th> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 17</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 1</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 13</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 3</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc7"> 1</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc8"> 18 (35.3%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr5" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">5-9y </th> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 7</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc4">0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc5">4</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc6">3</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc7"> 3</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc8">10 (19.6%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr6" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">10-16y </th> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 8</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 0</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 5</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 3</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc7"> 1</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc8"> 9 (17.6%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr7" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">Total </th> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 46</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 2</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 35</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 9</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc7"> 5</td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc8"> 51</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr8" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">% <sup>1</sup></th> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 90.2% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 4.3% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 76.1% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 19.6% </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc7"> 9.8% </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc8"> 100.0% </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
                      <table class="widthFull" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="er1">Age groups </th> <th id="ec1" colspan="6" class="noWrap">Cumulative (23 Nov. 2014 to 29 Nov. 2014)</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="ec2" headers="ec1">Influenza A </th> <th id="ec7" headers="ec1">B </th> <th id="ec8" headers="ec1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="ec3" headers="ec1 ec2">A Total </th> <th id="ec4" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th id="ec5" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H3) </th> <th id="ec6" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t5_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                      UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="er2" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">16-20 </th> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2 (6%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er3" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">20-44 </th> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">2 (6%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er4" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">45-64 </th> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2 (6%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er5" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">65+ </th> <td class="alignRight">30</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">2</td> <td class="alignRight">28</td> <td class="alignRight">0</td> <td class="alignRight">30 (83%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er6" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">Total </th> <td class="alignRight">35</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">0</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">3</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">32</td> <td class="alignRight">1</td> <td class="alignRight">36</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er7" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">% <sup>1</sup> </th> <td class="alignRight">97%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">0%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">9%</td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue">91%</td> <td class="alignRight">3%</td> <td class="alignRight">100%</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Figure 8 - Number of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2014-15
                      A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

                      Text equivalent for figure 8aNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
                      B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

                      * Note: Data for week 46 is based on data collected for 1 day only and do not represent the number of hospitalizations for the entire week.
                      Text equivalent for figure 8bNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (>16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
                      Figure 9 - Percentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2014-15
                      A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

                      Text equivalent for figure 9aPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
                      B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

                      Text equivalent for figure 9bPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

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                      Provincial/Territorial Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths

                      In week 48, 50 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations were reported from participating provinces and territories<sup>*</sup>; all but one with influenza A, and 78% were patients ≥65 years of age. Since the start of the 2014-15 season, 224 hospitalizations have been reported; 215 (96%) with influenza A. Among cases for which the subtype of influenza A was reported, 175/177 were A(H3N2). The majority of cases (59%) were ≥65 years of age (Table 6). Three ICU admissions have been reported in adults ≥65 years of age with influenza A. Eighteen deaths with influenza A have been reported: one child <5 years of age, one adult 45-64 years and 16 adults ≥65 years of age. Detailed clinical information (e.g. underlying medical conditions) is not known for these cases.
                      * Note: Influenza-associated hospitalizations are not reported to PHAC by the following Provinces and Territory: BC, NU, QC, and NB. Only hospitalizations that require intensive medical care are reported by Saskatchewan. ICU admissions are not distinguished among hospital admissions reported from Ontario. Data may also include cases reported by the IMPACT and PCIRN networks. The number of new influenza-associated hospitalizations and deaths reported for the current week may include cases from Ontario that occurred in previous weeks, as a result of retrospective updates to the cumulative total. It is important to note that the hospitalization or death does not have to be attributable to influenza, a positive laboratory test is sufficient for reporting.
                      <table class="widthFull" id="t6" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 6. Cumulative number of hospitalizations with influenza reported by the participating provinces and territories, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="fr1" rowspan="3">Age groups </th> <th id="fc1" colspan="6">Cumulative (24 August 2014 to 29 November 2014)</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="fc2" colspan="4" headers="fc1">Influenza A </th> <th id="fc7" headers="fc1">B </th> <th id="fc8" headers="fc1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="fc3" headers="fc1 fc2">A Total </th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="fc4" headers="fc1 fc2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="fc5" headers="fc1 fc2">A(H3) </th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="fc6" headers="fc1 fc2">A (UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fc1 fc7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fc1 fc8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="8" class="fontSize85"><sup>1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                      UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr2" headers="fr1">0-4 years </th> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 21 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 18 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 2 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc8"> 21 (9%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr3" headers="fr1">5-19 years </th> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 20 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 18 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 2 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc7"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc8"> 21 (9%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr4" headers="fr1">20-44 years </th> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 21 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 1 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 18 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 2 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc7"> 2 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc8"> 23 (10%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr5" headers="fr1">45-64 years </th> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 22 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 19 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 3 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc7"> 2 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc8"> 24 (11%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr6" headers="fr1">65+ years </th> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 127 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 98 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 29 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc7"> 4 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc8"> 131 (58%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr7" headers="fr1">Unknown</th> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 4 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 4 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc8"> 4 (2%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr8" headers="fr1">Total </th> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 215 </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 2 </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 175 </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 38 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc7"> 9 </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc8"> 224 </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr9" headers="fr1">Percentage <sup> 1</sup></th> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 96.0% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 0.9% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 81.4% </td> <td class="alignRight bg-colour-blue" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 17.7% </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc7"> 4.0% </td> <td class="alignRight" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc8"> 100.0% </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> See additional data on Reported Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths in Canada: 2009-10 to 2014-15 on the Public Health Agency of Canada website.
                      .../


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                      • #12
                        Re: Canada FluWatch Weekly Reports 2014-2015 Season Week 48

                        FluWatch report: November 30 to December 6, 2014 (Week 49)
                        Posted 2014-12-12


                        For readers interested in the <abbr title="Portable Document Format">PDF</abbr> version, the document is available for downloading or viewing:
                        <a href="http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/14-15/w49_14/pdf/fw2014-49-eng.pdf" title="Flu Watch (Version PDF, 288 KB - 10 pages)">FluWatch report: November 30 to December 6, 2014 (Week 49) (<abbr title="Portable Document Format">PDF</abbr> Version - 346 <abbr title="Kilobytes">KB</abbr> - 10 pages)

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                        Overall Summary
                        • In week 49, laboratory detections of influenza increased sharply for the third consecutive week. The majority of laboratory detections continued to be reported in BC, AB, ON and QC; but with increasing activity in SK and NS.
                        • A(H3N2) continues to be the most common type of influenza affecting Canadians. In both laboratory detections and hospitalizations, the majority of cases have been among seniors ≥65 years of age.
                        • Similar to the previous week, there were a large number of newly-reported laboratory-confirmed outbreaks of influenza: 37 influenza A outbreaks in 6 provinces, of which 32 were in long-term care facilities (LTCF). Among the outbreaks with known subtype all were due to A(H3N2).
                        • The rate of antiviral prescriptions among seniors increased significantly in week 49.

                        Are you a primary health care practitioner (General Practitioner, Nurse Practitioner or Registered Nurse) interested in becoming a FluWatch sentinel for the 2014-15 influenza season? Contact us at FluWatch@phac-aspc.gc.ca
                        Influenza/ILI Activity (geographic spread)

                        In week 49, two regions reported widespread activity (QC (1), BC(1)), six regions reported localized activity (BC(1), AB(3), SK(1), ON(5), QC(2), and NS(1)), and nine regions (in BC(2), AB(2), SK(2), MB(1), QC(3), NB(1), PE(1), YK(1), and NT(1)) reported sporadic activity (figure 1).
                        Figure 1. Map of overall influenza/ILI activity level by province and territory, Canada, Week 49





                        Note: Influenza/ILI activity levels, as represented on this map, are assigned and reported by Provincial and Territorial Ministries of Health, based on laboratory confirmations, sentinel ILI rates and reported outbreaks. Please refer to detailed definitions at the end of the report. Maps from previous weeks, including any retrospective updates, are available on the FluWatch website.
                        Text equivalent for figure 1Map of overall Influenza activity level by province and territory, Canada
                        Influenza and Other Respiratory Virus Detections

                        In week 49, the number of positive influenza tests increased sharply for the third week in a row, to 1,011 influenza detections (19.5% of tests), predominantly due to influenza A (Figure 2). To date, 95% of influenza detections have been influenza A, and 99.5% of those subtyped have been A(H3) (Table 1). The timing of the season and predominant A(H3N2) subtype is similar to the pattern observed during the 2012-13 influenza season when percent positive for influenza peaked in week 52 (35%). To date, among the cases of influenza with reported age, the largest proportion was in adults ≥65 years of age (52.2%) (Table 2).
                        Figure 2. Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2014-15

                        Text equivalent for figure 2Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2013-14
                        In week 49, detections of RSV were similar to the previous week, keeping with its usual pattern of seasonal circulation. Detections of parainfluenza and adenovirus also continue to follow their seasonal patterns of broad winter circulation. Detections of rhinovirus peaked in week 39 and continue to follow a downward trend (Figure 3).
                        For more details, see the weekly Respiratory Virus Detections in Canada Report.
                        Figure 3. Number of positive laboratory tests for other respiratory viruses by report week, Canada, 2014-15


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                        RSV: Respiratory syncytial virus; hMPV: Human metapneumovirus
                        Text equivalent for figure 3Overall Number of Influenza Outbreaks, Canada, by Report Week, 2013-2014
                        <table class="widthFull" id="t1" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 1: Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens
                        by type, subtype and province, Canada, 2014-15
                        </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="ar1" rowspan="3">Reporting provinces <sup>1</sup></th> <th id="ac1" colspan="5">Weekly
                        (November 30 to December 6, 2014)</th> <th id="ac8" colspan="5">Cumulative
                        (August 24 to December 6, 2014)</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="ac2" colspan="4" headers="ac1">Influenza A</th> <th id="ac7" headers="ac1">B</th> <th id="ac9" colspan="4" headers="ac8">Influenza A</th> <th id="ac14" headers="ac8">B</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="ac3" headers="ac1 ac2">A Total</th> <th id="ac4" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H1)pdm09</th> <th id="ac5" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(H3)</th> <th id="ac6" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac1 ac2">A(UnS)</th> <th class="alignCenter" headers="ac1 ac7">B Total</th> <th id="ac10" headers="ac8 ac9">A Total</th> <th id="ac11" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H1)pdm09</th> <th id="ac12" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(H3)</th> <th id="ac13" class=" bg-colour-blue" headers="ac8 ac9">A(UnS)</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ac8 ac14">B Total</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="11" class="fontSize85"><sup>1 </sup> Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
                        <sup>2 </sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                        UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="ar2" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">BC</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 55 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 41 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 14 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac1 ac7"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 180 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 163 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 15 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar2 ac8 ac14"> 11 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar3" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">AB</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 323 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 189 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 134 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac1 ac7"> 11 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 916 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 767 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 149 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar3 ac8 ac14"> 42 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar4" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">SK</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 34 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 12 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 22</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac1 ac7"> 1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 60</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 23</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 37</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar4 ac8 ac14"> 1</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar5" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">MB</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac1 ac7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 14 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 14 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar5 ac8 ac14"> 1 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar6" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">ON</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 132 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 105 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 27 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac1 ac7"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 340 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 4 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 259 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 77 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar6 ac8 ac14"> 18 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar7" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">QC</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 413 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 413 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac1 ac7"> 18 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 824 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 824 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar7 ac8 ac14"> 48 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar8" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">NB</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac1 ac7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 3 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar8 ac8 ac14"> 0 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar9" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">NS</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 6 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 6 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac1 ac7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 7 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 7 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar9 ac8 ac14"> 2 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar10" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">PE</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac1 ac7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 5 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 4 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar10 ac8 ac14"> 1 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar11" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">NL</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 3 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 3 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac1 ac7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 5 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 4 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar11 ac8 ac14"> 0 </td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar12" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">Canada</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 969 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 356</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 613</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac1 ac7"> 34</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 2354</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 6 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 1239</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 1109</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar12 ac8 ac14"> 124</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="ar13" class="alignLeft" headers="ar1">Percentage<sup>2</sup></th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac3"> 96.6% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac4"> 0.0% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac5"> 36.7% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac2 ac6"> 63.3% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac1 ac7"> 3.4% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac10"> 95.0% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac11"> 0.3% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac12"> 52.6% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac9 ac13"> 47.1% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ar1 ar13 ac8 ac14"> 5.0% </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
                        <table class="widthFull" id="t2" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 2. Weekly and cumulative numbers of positive influenza specimens by type, subtype and age-group reported through case-based laboratory reporting<sup>3</sup>, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="br1">Age groups (years)</th> <th colspan="5" id="bc1">Weekly
                        (November 30 to December 6, 2014)</th> <th colspan="7" id="bc8">Cumulative
                        (August 24 to December 6, 2014)</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="bc2" headers="bc1">Influenza A</th> <th id="bc7" headers="bc1">B</th> <th colspan="4" id="bc9" headers="bc8">Influenza A</th> <th id="bc14" headers="bc8">B</th> <th colspan="2" id="bc15" headers="bc8">Influenza A and B</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="bc3" headers="bc1 bc2">A Total</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc4" headers="bc1 bc2">A(H1) pdm09</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc5" headers="bc1 bc2">A(H3)</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc6" headers="bc1 bc2">A (UnS)</th> <td headers="bc1 bc7" class="alignCenter">Total</td> <th id="bc10" headers="bc8 bc9">A Total</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc11" headers="bc8 bc9">A(H1) pdm09</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="bc12" headers="bc8 bc9">A(H3)</th> <th class="bg-colour-blue " id="bc13" headers="bc8 bc9">A (UnS)</th> <td headers="bc8 bc14" class="alignCenter">Total</td> <th id="bc16" headers="bc8 bc15">#</th> <th id="bc17" headers="bc8 bc15">%</th> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="13" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t2_1">1 </sup>Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
                        <sup id="footnote_t2_2">2 </sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                        <sup id="footnote_t2_3">3 </sup> Table 2 includes specimens for which demographic information was reported. These represent a subset of all positive influenza cases reported.
                        UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br2" headers="br1"><5</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 60 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 26 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 34 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc1 bc7"> 6 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 210 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 4 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 138 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 68 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc14"> 19 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 229 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br2 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 9.8% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br3" headers="br1">5-19</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 81 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 27 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 54 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc1 bc7"> 6 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 237 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 153 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 84 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc14"> 25 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 262 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br3 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 11.2% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br4" headers="br1">20-44</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 107 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 43 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 64 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc1 bc7"> 5 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 321 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 186 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 135 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc14"> 16 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 337 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br4 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 14.4% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br5" headers="br1">45-64</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 93 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 26 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 67 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc1 bc7"> 4 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 266 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 112 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 154 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc14"> 25 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 291 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br5 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 12.4% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br6" headers="br1">65+</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 426 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 85 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 341 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc1 bc7"> 7 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 1194 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 456 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 736 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc14"> 31 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 1225 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br6 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 52.2% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br7" headers="br1">Unknown</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc1 bc7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc14"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br7 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 0.0% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br8" headers="br1">Total</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 767 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 207 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 560 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc1 bc7"> 28 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 2229 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 6 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 1045 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 1178 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc14"> 116 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc16"> 2345 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br8 bc8 bc15 bc17"> 100.0% </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="br9" headers="br1">Percentage<sup>2</sup></th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc3"> 96.5% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc4"> 0.0% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc5"> 27.0% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc2 bc6"> 73.0% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc1 bc7"> 3.5% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc10"> 95.1% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc11"> 0.3% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc12"> 46.9% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc9 bc13"> 52.8% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="br1 br9 bc8 bc14"> 4.9% </td> <td class="alignCenter">
                        </td> <td class="alignCenter">
                        </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>

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                        Influenza Strain Characterizations

                        During the 2014-2015 influenza season, the National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) has characterized 25 influenza viruses [11 A(H3N2) and 14 influenza B]. When tested by hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay, two influenza A viruses were antigenically similar to A/Texas/50/2012, and 11 influenza B viruses were antigenically similar to the B/Massachusetts/2/2012 (Yamagata lineage) recommended by the WHO for the 2014-15 seasonal influenza vaccine. Nine influenza A(H3N2) viruses and three influenza B viruses showed reduced titers to antisera produced against strains recommended for the seasonal influenza vaccine (Figure 4). Additionally, 38 A(H3N2) viruses were unable to be tested by HI assay; however, sequence analysis showed that they belonged to a genetic group that typically shows reduced titers to A/Texas/50/2012.
                        Figure 4. Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2014-2015, N = 25

                        The NML receives a proportion of the number of influenza positive specimens from provincial laboratories for strain characterization and antiviral resistance testing. Characterization data reflect the results of haemagglutination inhibition (HAI) testing compared to the reference influenza strains recommended by WHO.
                        The recommended components for the 2014-2015 northern hemisphere trivalent influenza vaccine include: an A/California/7/2009(H1N1)pdm09-like virus, an A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2)-like virus, and a B/Massachusetts/2/2012-like virus (Yamagata lineage). For quadrivalent vaccines, the addition of a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus is recommended.


                        Text equivalent for figure 4Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2013-2014, N =3
                        Antiviral Resistance

                        During the 2014-2015 influenza season, NML has tested 74 influenza viruses for resistance to oseltamivir and zanamivir and all were sensitive to both agents. The 70 influenza A(H3N2) viruses tested for amantadine resistance were all resistant (Table 3).
                        <table class="widthFull" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption> Table 3. Antiviral resistance by influenza virus type and subtype, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="2" id="t3hc1">Virus type and subtype</th> <th colspan="2" id="t3hc2">Oseltamivir</th> <th colspan="2" id="t3hc3">Zanamivir</th> <th colspan="2" id="t3hc4">Amantadine</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="t3hc5" headers="t3hc2"># tested</th> <th id="t3hc6" headers="t3hc2"># resistant (%)</th> <th id="t3hc7" headers="t3hc3"># tested</th> <th id="t3hc8" headers="t3hc3"># resistant (%)</th> <th id="t3hc9" headers="t3hc4"># tested</th> <th id="t3hc10" headers="t3hc4"># resistant (%)</th> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"> <sup>*</sup> NA - not applicable</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" id="t3hr1" headers="t3hc1">A (H3N2)</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc5">60</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr1 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc7">60</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr1 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc9">70</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr1 t3hc4 t3hc10">70(100%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" id="t3hr2" headers="t3hc1">A (H1N1)</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc5">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr2 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc7">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr2 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc9">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr2 t3hc4 t3hc10">0</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" id="t3hr3" headers="t3hc1">B</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc5">14</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr3 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc7">14</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr3 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc9">NA <sup>*</sup></td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr3 t3hc4 t3hc10">NA <sup>*</sup></td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft bg-colour-blue" id="t3hr4" headers="t3hc1">TOTAL</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc5">74</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr4 t3hc2 t3hc6">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc7">74</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr4 t3hc3 t3hc8">0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc9">70</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="t3hr4 t3hc4 t3hc10">70</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Influenza-like Illness (ILI) Consultation Rate

                        The national influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rate increased in week 49 to 44.3 consultations per 1,000, which is above expected levels for week 49 (Figure 5). This week, the rates were highest among the 20 to 64 years of age group. In previous weeks, the ILI consultation rates of this group have been among the lowest.
                        Figure 5. Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2014-2015

                        Note: No data available for mean rate for weeks 19 to 39 for the 1996-1997 through 2002-2003 seasons. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively. The calculation of the average ILI consultation rate over 17 seasons was aligned with influenza activity in each season. In BC, AB, and SK, data is compiled by a provincial sentinel surveillance program for reporting to FluWatch. Not all sentinel physicians report every week.
                        Text equivalent for figure 5Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2013-2014

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                        Influenza Outbreak Surveillance

                        In week 49, 37 new outbreaks of influenza A were reported: 32 in long-term care facilities (LTCF), two in hospitals and three in institutional or community settings (Figure 6). An additional three outbreaks of ILI were reported in schools. Among the outbreaks in which the influenza subtype was known, four LTCF outbreaks and one hospital outbreak were associated with A(H3N2). To date this season, 84 outbreaks in LTCF have been reported.
                        Figure 6. Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2014-2015

                        1 All provinces and territories except NU report outbreaks in long-term care facilities. All provinces and territories with the exception of NU and QC report outbreaks in hospitals. Outbreaks of influenza or influenza-like-illness in other facilities are reported to FluWatch but reporting varies between jurisdictions. Outbreak definitions are included at the end of the report.
                        Text equivalent for figure 6Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2013-2014
                        Pharmacy Surveillance

                        During week 49, the proportion of prescriptions for antivirals increased to 92.8 antiviral prescriptions per 100,000 total prescriptions, which is slightly higher than previous seasons (Figure 7). The rates in all age groups increased from the previous week; however, the rate increased six-fold among seniors.
                        Figure 7. Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2014-15

                        Note: Pharmacy sales data are provided to the Public Health Agency of Canada by Rx Canada Inc. and sourced from major retail drug chains representing over 3,000 stores nationwide (excluding Nunavut) in 85% of Health Regions. Data provided include the number of new antiviral prescriptions (for Tamiflu and Relenza) and the total number of new prescriptions dispensed by Province/Territory and age group. Age-groups: Infant: 0-2y, Child: 2-18y; Adult: 19-64y, Senior: ≥65y.
                        Text equivalent for figure 7Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2013-14

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                        Sentinel Hospital Influenza Surveillance

                        Paediatric Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (IMPACT)
                        In week 49, 28 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated paediatric (≤16 years of age) hospitalizations were reported by the Immunization Monitoring Program Active (IMPACT) network: 26 cases of influenza A and two cases of influenza B (Figure 8a). Among the cases with known age, 57% were 2 to 9 years of age. To date this season, 95 hospitalizations have been reported by the IMPACT network, 82 (86%) of which were cases of influenza A. Among cases for which the influenza A subtype was reported, 96% (55/57) were A(H3N2). Children 2 to 9 years of age represented 60% of cases (Table 4). To date, nine cases were admitted to the ICU (Figure 9a).
                        Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through IMPACT represents a subset of all influenza-associated paediatric hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
                        Adult Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (PCIRN)
                        In week 49, 28 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated adult (≥16 years of age) hospitalizations were reported by the PHAC/CIHR Influenza Research Network (PCIRN) Serious Outcomes Surveillance (SOS) network. All 28 cases were influenza A (Figure 8b). To date this season, 71 cases have been reported; 70 (99%) with influenza A. The majority of cases (86%) were among adults ≥65 years of age (Table 5). Five ICU admissions have been reported and the majority of cases (80%) were adults ≥65 years of age with underlying conditions or comorbidities. One death has been reported (Figure 9b).
                        Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through PCIRN represents a subset of all influenza-associated adult hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
                        <table class="widthFull" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter" id="t4"> Table 4 - Cumulative numbers of paediatric hospitalizations with influenza reported by the IMPACT network, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="dr1">Age groups </th> <th colspan="6" id="dc1">Cumulative (Aug. 24, 2014 to December 6, 2014) </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="dc2" headers="dc1">Influenza A </th> <th id="dc7" headers="dc1">B </th> <th id="dc8" headers="dc1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="dc3" headers="dc1 dc2">A Total </th> <th id="dc4" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th id="dc5" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A(H3) </th> <th id="dc6" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="dc1 dc2">A (UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dc1 dc7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dc1 dc8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t4_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                        UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="dr2" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">0-5m </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 9 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 8</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc7"> 2</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr2 dc1 dc8"> 11(11.6%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr3" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">6-23m </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 16 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 8</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 7</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr3 dc1 dc8"> 16(16.8%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr4" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">2-4y </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 26</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 19</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 6</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc7"> 5</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr4 dc1 dc8"> 31(32.6%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr5" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">5-9y </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 22</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 15</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 7</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc7"> 4</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr5 dc1 dc8"> 26(27.4%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr6" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">10-16y </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 9</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 5</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 4</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc7"> 2</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr6 dc1 dc8"> 11(11.6%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr7" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">Total </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 82</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 2</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 55</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 25</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc7"> 13</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr7 dc1 dc8"> 95</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="dr8" class="alignLeft" headers="dr1">% <sup>1</sup></th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc3"> 86.3% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc4"> 2.4% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc5"> 67.1% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc2 dc6"> 30.5% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc7"> 13.7% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="dr1 dr8 dc1 dc8"> 100.0% </td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
                        <table class="widthFull" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 5 - Cumulative numbers of adult hospitalizations with influenza reported by the PCIRN-SOS network, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th rowspan="3" id="er1">Age groups </th> <th id="ec1" colspan="6" class="noWrap">Cumulative (15 November 2014 to 6 December 2014)</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th colspan="4" id="ec2" headers="ec1">Influenza A </th> <th id="ec7" headers="ec1">B </th> <th id="ec8" headers="ec1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="ec3" headers="ec1 ec2">A Total </th> <th id="ec4" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th id="ec5" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(H3) </th> <th id="ec6" class="bg-colour-blue" headers="ec1 ec2">A(UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="ec1 ec8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="7" class="fontSize85"><sup id="footnote_t5_1">1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                        UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th id="er2" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">16-20 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 2</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 2</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er2 ec1 ec8"> 2(3%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er3" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">20-44 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 3</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 2</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec7"> 1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er3 ec1 ec8">4(6%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er4" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">45-64 </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 4</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 3</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er4 ec1 ec8">4(6%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er5" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">65+ </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 61</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 9</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 52</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec7"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er5 ec1 ec8"> 61(86%)</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er6" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">Total </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec3"> 70</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 11</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 59</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec7"> 1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er6 ec1 ec8"> 71</td> </tr> <tr> <th id="er7" class="alignLeft" headers="er1">% <sup>1</sup> </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec3">99%</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec4"> 0%</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec5"> 16%</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec2 ec6"> 84%</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec7">1%</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="er1 er7 ec1 ec8"> 100%</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Figure 8 - Number of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2014-15
                        A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

                        Text equivalent for figure 8aNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
                        B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

                        * See footnote above following the section related to PCIRN-SOS data.
                        Text equivalent for figure 8bNumber of cases of influenza reported by sentinel hospital networks, by week, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (>16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)
                        Figure 9 - Percentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2014-15
                        A) Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)

                        Text equivalent for figure 9aPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Paediatric hospitalizations (≤16 years of age, IMPACT)
                        B) Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

                        Text equivalent for figure 9bPercentage of hospitalizations, ICU admissions and deaths with influenza reported by age-group, Canada, 2013-14: Adult hospitalizations (≥16 year of age, PCIRN-SOS)

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                        Provincial/Territorial Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths

                        In week 49, 45 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations were reported from participating provinces and territories*; all but one with influenza A, and 67% were patients ≥65 years of age. Since the start of the 2014-15 season, 312 hospitalizations have been reported; 301 (97%) with influenza A. Among cases for which the subtype of influenza A was reported, 99% (245/247) were A(H3N2). The majority of cases (60%) were ≥65 years of age (Table 6). Seven ICU admissions have been reported in adults ≥65 years of age with influenza A. Twenty-three deaths with influenza A have been reported: one child <5 years of age, one adult 45-64 years and 21 adults ≥65 years of age. Detailed clinical information (e.g. underlying medical conditions) is not known for these cases.
                        * Note: Influenza-associated hospitalizations are not reported to PHAC by the following Provinces and Territory: BC, NU, QC, and NB. Only hospitalizations that require intensive medical care are reported by Saskatchewan. ICU admissions are not distinguished among hospital admissions reported from Ontario. Data may also include cases reported by the IMPACT and PCIRN networks. The number of new influenza-associated hospitalizations and deaths reported for the current week may include cases from Ontario that occurred in previous weeks, as a result of retrospective updates to the cumulative total. It is important to note that the hospitalization or death does not have to be attributable to influenza, a positive laboratory test is sufficient for reporting.
                        <table class="widthFull" id="t6" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"> <caption class="alignCenter"> Table 6. Cumulative number of hospitalizations with influenza reported by the participating provinces and territories, Canada, 2014-15 </caption> <thead> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="fr1" rowspan="3">Age groups </th> <th id="fc1" colspan="6">Cumulative (24 August 2014 to 6 December 2014)</th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-yellow"> <th id="fc2" colspan="4" headers="fc1">Influenza A </th> <th id="fc7" headers="fc1">B </th> <th id="fc8" headers="fc1">Influenza A and B </th> </tr> <tr class="bg-colour-grey-light"> <th id="fc3" headers="fc1 fc2">A Total </th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="fc4" headers="fc1 fc2">A(H1) pdm09 </th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="fc5" headers="fc1 fc2">A(H3) </th> <th class="bg-colour-blue" id="fc6" headers="fc1 fc2">A (UnS) </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fc1 fc7">Total</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fc1 fc8"># (%)</td> </tr> </thead> <tfoot> <tr> <td colspan="8" class="fontSize85"><sup>1</sup> Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                        UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.</td> </tr> </tfoot> <tbody> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr2" headers="fr1">0-4 years </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 33 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 28</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 4</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr2 fc1 fc8">33 (11%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr3" headers="fr1">5-19 years </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 25</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 21</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 4</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc7"> 1</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr3 fc1 fc8"> 26 (8%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr4" headers="fr1">20-44 years </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 24 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 1 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 19</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 4</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc7"> 3</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr4 fc1 fc8"> 27 (9%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr5" headers="fr1">45-64 years </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 33 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 25</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 8</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc7"> 2 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr5 fc1 fc8"> 35 (11%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr6" headers="fr1">65+ years </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 182</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 0</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 148</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 34</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc7"> 5</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr6 fc1 fc8"> 187 (60%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr7" headers="fr1">Unknown</th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 4 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 4</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc7"> 0 </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr7 fc1 fc8"> 4 (1%) </td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr8" headers="fr1">Total </th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 301 </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 2</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc5">245</td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 54</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc7"> 11</td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr8 fc1 fc8"> 312</td> </tr> <tr> <th class="alignLeft" id="fr9" headers="fr1">Percentage <sup> 1</sup></th> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc3"> 96.5% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc4"> 0.7% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc5"> 81.4% </td> <td class="bg-colour-blue alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc2 fc6"> 17.9% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc7"> 3.5% </td> <td class="alignCenter" headers="fr1 fr9 fc1 fc8"> 100.0% </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> See additional data on Reported Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths in Canada: 2009-10 to 2014-15 on the Public Health Agency of Canada website.
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                        • #13
                          FluWatch report: December 7 to 13, 2014 (Week 50)

                          Posted 2014-12-19 For readers interested in the PDF version, the document is available for downloading or viewing:
                          FluWatch report: December 7 to 13, 2014 (Week 50) (PDF Version - 633 KB - 10 pages)

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                          Overall Summary
                          • In week 50, laboratory detections of influenza increased sharply for the fourth consecutive week. The majority of laboratory detections continued to be reported in AB, ON and QC; but with increasing activity in SK, MB and NL.
                          • A(H3N2) continues to be the most common type of influenza affecting Canadians. In both laboratory detections and hospitalizations, the majority of cases have been among seniors ≥65 years of age.
                          • Similar to the previous week, there were a large number of newly-reported laboratory-confirmed outbreaks of influenza: 72 influenza A outbreaks in 8 provinces, of which 57 were in long-term care facilities (LTCF).
                          • To date, the NML has found that the majority H3N2 influenza specimens are not optimally matched to the vaccine strain which may result in reduced vaccine effectiveness against the H3N2 influenza virus. However, the vaccine can still provide some protection against H3N2 influenza illness and can offer protection against other influenza strains such as A(H1N1) and B.

                          Are you a primary health care practitioner (General Practitioner, Nurse Practitioner or Registered Nurse) interested in becoming a FluWatch sentinel for the 2014-15 influenza season? Contact us at FluWatch@phac-aspc.gc.ca
                          Influenza/ILI Activity (geographic spread)

                          In week 50, four regions reported widespread activity (in AB), 17 regions reported localized activity (in BC(2), SK, MB(2), ON(5), QC(5), NS, NL), and 16 regions (in NT, YK, BC(3), AB, SK(2), MB(3), ON, QC, NB, PE, and NL) reported sporadic activity.
                          Figure 1. Map of overall influenza/ILI activity level by province and territory, Canada, Week 50





                          Note: Influenza/ILI activity levels, as represented on this map, are assigned and reported by Provincial and Territorial Ministries of Health, based on laboratory confirmations, sentinel ILI rates and reported outbreaks. Please refer to detailed definitions at the end of the report. Maps from previous weeks, including any retrospective updates, are available on the FluWatch website.
                          Text equivalent for figure 1Map of overall Influenza activity level by province and territory, Canada
                          Influenza and Other Respiratory Virus Detections

                          In week 50, the number of positive influenza tests increased sharply for the fourth week in a row, to 1,963 influenza detections (25.9% of tests), predominantly due to influenza A (Figure 2). To date, 96% of influenza detections have been influenza A, and 99.6% of those subtyped have been A(H3) (Table 1). The timing of the season and predominant A(H3N2) subtype is similar to the pattern observed during the 2012-13 influenza season when percent positive for influenza peaked in week 52 (35%). To date, among the cases of influenza with reported age, the largest proportion was in adults ≥65 years of age (56%) (Table 2).
                          Figure 2. Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2014-15

                          Text equivalent for figure 2Number of positive influenza tests and percentage of tests positive, by type, subtype and report week, Canada, 2013-14
                          Detections of RSV increased sharply in week 50 and was the second most frequently detected virus, after influenza. Detections of parainfluenza and adenovirus also continue to follow their seasonal patterns of broad winter circulation. Detections of rhinovirus peaked in week 39 and continue to follow a downward trend (Figure 3).
                          For more details, see the weekly Respiratory Virus Detections in Canada Report.
                          Figure 3. Number of positive laboratory tests for other respiratory viruses by report week, Canada, 2014-15


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                          RSV: Respiratory syncytial virus; hMPV: Human metapneumovirus
                          Text equivalent for figure 3Overall Number of Influenza Outbreaks, Canada, by Report Week, 2013-2014
                          B Total
                          1 Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
                          2 Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                          UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
                          82 0 55 27 2 262 2 218 42 13
                          520 0 310 210 10 1441 0 1203 238 52
                          52 0 23 28 1 113 0 49 62 2
                          22 0 14 8 1 36 0 28 8 2
                          287 0 210 77 4 630 4 477 149 23
                          933 0 0 933 23 1757 0 0 1757 71
                          3 0 2 1 0 6 0 3 3 0
                          4 0 0 4 1 11 0 7 4 3
                          1 0 0 1 0 6 0 4 2 1
                          16 0 12 4 1 21 0 16 5 1
                          1,920 0 626 1,293 43 4283 6 2005 2270 168
                          97.8% 0.0% 32.6% 67.3% 2.2% 96.2% 0.1% 46.8% 53.0% 3.8%
                          Total Total
                          1 Specimens from NT, YT, and NU are sent to reference laboratories in other provinces. Cumulative data includes updates to previous weeks.
                          2 Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                          3 Table 2 includes specimens for which demographic information was reported. These represent a subset of all positive influenza cases reported.
                          UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
                          55 0 7 48 4 281 4 156 121 23 304 8.5%
                          52 0 5 47 2 304 0 167 137 29 333 9.3%
                          120 0 4 116 3 461 0 204 257 19 480 13.4%
                          145 0 34 111 6 427 0 159 268 31 458 12.8%
                          650 0 41 609 8 1963 2 546 1415 42 2005 56.0%
                          0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0.0%
                          1,022 0 91 931 23 3437 6 1232 2199 144 3581 100.0%
                          97.8% 0.0% 8.9% 91.1% 2.2% 96.0% 0.2% 35.8% 64.0% 4.0%

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                          Antiviral Resistance

                          During the 2014-2015 influenza season, NML has tested 93 influenza viruses for resistance to oseltamivir and zanamivir and all were sensitive to both agents. A total of 130 (99%) influenza A viruses tested for amantadine resistance were resistant (Table 3).
                          * NA - not applicable
                          79 0 79 0 129 128 (99.2%)
                          0 0 0 0 2 2 (100%)
                          14 0 14 0 NA * NA *
                          93 0 93 0 131 131
                          Influenza Strain Characterizations

                          During the 2014-2015 influenza season, the National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) has characterized 30 influenza viruses [13 A(H3N2), 2 A(H1N1) and 15 influenza B]. When tested by hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay, one influenza A (H3N2) virus was antigenically similar to A/Texas/50/2012, two influenza A (H1N1) viruses were antigenically similar to A/California/7/2009 and 12 influenza B viruses were antigenically similar to the B/Massachusetts/2/2012 (Yamagata lineage) recommended by the WHO for the 2014-15 seasonal influenza vaccine. Five influenza A(H3N2) viruses and three influenza B viruses showed reduced titers to antisera produced against strains recommended for the seasonal influenza vaccine. Seven of the 13 influenza A (H3N2) viruses were antigenically similar to the A/Switzerland/9715293/2013, which is the influenza A/H3N2 component recommended for the 2015 Southern Hemisphere influenza vaccine (Figure 4). Additionally, 58 A(H3N2) viruses were unable to be tested by HI assay; however, sequence analysis showed that 57 belonged to a genetic group that typically shows reduced titers to A/Texas/50/2012.
                          Figure 4. Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2014-2015, N = 30

                          The NML receives a proportion of the number of influenza positive specimens from provincial laboratories for strain characterization and antiviral resistance testing. Characterization data reflect the results of haemagglutination inhibition (HAI) testing compared to the reference influenza strains recommended by WHO.
                          The recommended components for the 2014-2015 northern hemisphere trivalent influenza vaccine include: an A/California/7/2009(H1N1)pdm09-like virus, an A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2)-like virus, and a B/Massachusetts/2/2012-like virus (Yamagata lineage). For quadrivalent vaccines, the addition of a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus is recommended.


                          Text equivalent for figure 4Influenza strain characterizations, Canada, 2013-2014, N =3
                          Influenza-like Illness (ILI) Consultation Rate

                          The national influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation increased in week 50 to 30.91 consultations per 1,000, which is within expected levels for week 50 (Figure 5). This week, the rates were highest among the 0 to 5 years of age group and lowest among the 5 to 19 years of age group.
                          Figure 5. Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2014-2015

                          Note: No data available for mean rate for weeks 19 to 39 for the 1996-1997 through 2002-2003 seasons. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively. The calculation of the average ILI consultation rate over 17 seasons was aligned with influenza activity in each season. In BC, AB, and SK, data is compiled by a provincial sentinel surveillance program for reporting to FluWatch. Not all sentinel physicians report every week.
                          Text equivalent for figure 5Influenza-like-illness (ILI) consultation rates by report week, compared to the 1996-97 through to 2012-13 seasons (with pandemic data suppressed), Canada, 2013-2014

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                          Influenza Outbreak Surveillance

                          In week 50, 72 new outbreaks of influenza A were reported: 57 in long-term care facilities (LTCF), two in hospitals and 13 in institutional or community settings (Figure 6). An additional six outbreaks of ILI were reported in schools. Among the outbreaks in which the influenza subtype was known, 12 LTCF outbreaks, eight institutional or community setting outbreaks, and one hospital outbreak were associated with A(H3N2). To date this season, 141 outbreaks in LTCF have been reported. The number of outbreaks reported is similar to the number reported in week 51 during the 2012-13 influenza season when influenza A(H3N2) also predominated.
                          Figure 6. Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2014-2015

                          1 All provinces and territories except NU report outbreaks in long-term care facilities. All provinces and territories with the exception of NU and QC report outbreaks in hospitals. Outbreaks of influenza or influenza-like-illness in other facilities are reported to FluWatch but reporting varies between jurisdictions. Outbreak definitions are included at the end of the report.
                          Text equivalent for figure 6Overall number of new influenza outbreaks by report week, Canada, 2013-2014
                          Pharmacy Surveillance

                          During week 50, the proportion of prescriptions for antivirals increased to 150.8 antiviral prescriptions per 100,000 total prescriptions, which is higher than the previous three seasons (Figure 7). The rates were highest in seniors and children (207 and 197 per 100,000 antiviral prescriptions respectively).
                          Figure 7. Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2014-15

                          Note: Pharmacy sales data are provided to the Public Health Agency of Canada by Rx Canada Inc. and sourced from major retail drug chains representing over 3,000 stores nationwide (excluding Nunavut) in 85% of Health Regions. Data provided include the number of new antiviral prescriptions (for Tamiflu and Relenza) and the total number of new prescriptions dispensed by Province/Territory and age group. Age-groups: Infant: 0-2y, Child: 2-18y; Adult: 19-64y, Senior: ≥65y.
                          Text equivalent for figure 7Proportion of prescription sales for influenza antivirals by age-group and week, Canada, 2013-14

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                          Sentinel Hospital Influenza Surveillance

                          Paediatric Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (IMPACT)
                          In week 50, 38 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated paediatric (≤16 years of age) hospitalizations were reported by the Immunization Monitoring Program Active (IMPACT) network: 37 cases of influenza A and one case of influenza B (Figure 8a). Among reported cases, 16 (42%) were <2 years of age, 19 (46%) were 2 to 9 years of age and three (8%) were 10-16 years of age. Three cases, all 5-9 years of age, were admitted to the ICU. To date this season, 139 hospitalizations have been reported by the IMPACT network, 125 (90%) of which were cases of influenza A. Among cases for which the influenza A subtype was reported, 97% (72/74) were A(H3N2). Children <5 years of age represented 62% of cases (Table 4). To date, 12 cases were admitted to the ICU, of which 8 (67%) were 2 to 9 years of age (Figure 9a).
                          Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through IMPACT represents a subset of all influenza-associated paediatric hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
                          Adult Influenza Hospitalizations and Deaths (PCIRN)
                          In week 50, 60 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated adult (≥16 years of age) hospitalizations were reported by the PHAC/CIHR Influenza Research Network (PCIRN) Serious Outcomes Surveillance (SOS) network. Fifty-eight cases (97%) were influenza A (Figure 8b). To date this season, 139 cases have been reported; 137 (98.5%) with influenza A. The majority of cases (86%) were among adults ≥65 years of age (Table 5). Nine ICU admissions have been reported and the majority of cases (77.8%) were adults ≥65 years of age with underlying conditions or comorbidities. Four deaths have been reported, all adults >65 years of age (Figure 9b).
                          Note: The number of hospitalizations reported through PCIRN represents a subset of all influenza-associated adult hospitalizations in Canada. Delays in the reporting of data may cause data to change retrospectively.
                          Total # (%)
                          1 Percentage of tests positive for sub-types of influenza A are a percentage of all influenza A detections.
                          UnS: unsubtyped: The specimen was typed as influenza A, but no result for subtyping was available.
                          17 0 11 6 2 19 (13.7%)
                          24 1 11 12 1 25 (18.0%)
                          37 1 22 14 5 42 (30.2%)
                          34 0 22 12 4 38 (27.3%)
                          13 0 6 7 2 15 (10.8%)
                          125 2 72 51 14 139