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Canada - British Columbia: HP H5N2 Avian Influenza confirmed on 12 farms in Fraser Valley - HP H5N1 avian influenza confirmed on a non-commercial farm in Chilliwack

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  • #31
    Re: Canada - British Columbia: HP H5N2 Avian Influenza confirmed on 10 farms in Fraser Valley

    I compare this with the reaction of the American press to ebola, which IMO was a non-event in USA.


    This new H5N8 virus gives America a new, entirely different reservoir of influenza viruses to select
    from for reassortment with human or swine viruses.
    The last time that this happened was in the ~1950s and two pandemics followed
    that picked new avian segments (2,4,6) in 1957 and (2,4) in 1968 for reassortment
    with circulating human viruses.
    While diversity in segments 4,6 is already big in the wild bird's population,
    diversity in segment 2 isn't. Nor is it in 1,3,5,7 and 2 types in 8.

    Well, this reassortment could also (more likely) happen in Asia, they already
    had the viruses and even the domestic ducks as mixing vessel.
    But now we (we=mankind) get the American types of HAs and NAs that
    weren't available before. Plus the 17g types, and the American H5N2 poultry viruses.

    H5N8 currently doesn't infect humans, at least we have seen no cases so far.
    But we know, how quickly that can change, when it keeps reassorting.
    Fouchier,Kawaoka, etc. may soon show how few mutations are needed
    or what other reassortments may achieve likely transmission in humans.

    H2N2/1957 and H3N2/1968 happened in Asia, but some of the segments are
    closer to American avian viruses:


    >A/Index/1957(H2N2)
    ----------segment 2-------------
    466 106 2274 46 >CY014669,A/turkey/Wisconsin/1/1966,1966//,USA,H9N2,Avian,2
    488 111 2274 30 >GU052881,A/turkey/Canada/1963,1963//,Canada,H6N8,Avian,2
    510 116 2274 26 >GU052524,A/chicken/Scotland/1959,1959//,United Kingdom,H5N1,Avian,2
    510 116 2274 31 >CY130020,A/duck/Ukraine/1/1963,1963//,Ukraine,H3N8,Avian,2
    540 123 2274 17 >CY130028,A/duck/Czechoslovakia/1956,1956//,Czech Republic,H4N6,Avian,2
    ----------segment 4-------------
    578 7 121 134 >CY077449,A/mallard/New Zealand/449-94/2004,2004//,New Zealand,H2N3,Avian,4
    680 115 1689 491 >L11129,A/duck/Germany/1972,1972//,Germany,H2N9,Avian,4
    698 118 1689 86 >CY014710,A/duck/Germany/1215/1973,1973//,Germany,H2N3,Avian,4
    ----------segment 6-------------
    638 90 1410 3 >AY968677,A/turkey/Canada/63,1963//,Canada,H6N2,Avian,6
    638 90 1410 25 >GU052550,A/turkey/England/N28/1973,1973//,United Kingdom,H5N2,Avian,6
    652 92 1410 1137 >AY724264,A/chicken/Hebei/1/2002,2002//,China,H7N2,Avian,6
    673 95 1410 31 >CY005554,A/duck/Hong Kong/7/1975,1975//,Hong Kong,H3N2,Avian,6
    702 99 1410 15 >EU182282,A/turkey/Wisconsin/1966,1966//,USA,H9N2,Avian,6


    >A/Beijing/1/1968(H3N2)
    ----------segment 2-------------
    314 12 381 167 >CY177572,A/duck/Minnesota/51/1975,1975//,USA,H6N2,Avian,2
    321 73 2274 119 >CY181335,A/mallard/Wisconsin/23/1974,1974//,USA,H6N2,Avian,2
    325 74 2274 87 >DQ870886,A/turkey/Oregon/1971,1971//,USA,H7N3,Avian,2
    329 75 2274 186 >GU186638,A/duck/Alberta/35/1976,1976//,Canada,H1N1,Avian,2
    334 76 2274 144 >CY180770,A/duck/Minnesota/3/1975,1975//,USA,H3N8,Avian,2
    334 76 2274 145 >CY180786,A/duck/Minnesota/12/1975,1975//,USA,H3N8,Avian,2
    338 77 2274 121 >CY181255,A/mallard/Wisconsin/13/1974,1974//,USA,H6N8,Avian,2
    338 77 2274 180 >CY177542,A/duck/Minnesota/23/1975,1975//,USA,mixed,Avian,2
    ...
    405 41 1011 183 >GU053161,A/duck/Victoria/9003-09-1400/1976,1976//,Australia,H7N7,Avian,2
    426 97 2274 182 >CY061608,A/duck/Victoria/1976,1976//,Australia,H7N7,Avian,2
    430 98 2274 126 >CY045261,A/shearwater/Australia/751/1975,1975//,Australia,H5N3,Avian,2
    430 98 2274 299 >CY024792,A/chicken/Victoria/1976,1976/01/,Australia,H7N7,Avian,2
    430 98 2274 300 >CY005744,A/duck/New Zealand/164/76,1976/01/01,New Zealand,H11N3,Avian,2
    ----------segment 4-------------
    260 43 1653 150 >M16739,A/duck/33/1980,1980//,Japan,H3,Avian,4
    270 46 1701 67 >AB292410,A/duck/Hong Kong/22A/1976,1976//,Hong Kong,H3N3,Avian,4
    282 48 1701 68 >AB292660,A/duck/Hong Kong/22B/1976,1976//,Hong Kong,H3N6,Avian,4
    284 47 1653 220 >M16743,A/duck/10/1985,1985//,Japan,H3,Avian,4
    308 51 1653 93 >M16737,A/duck/5/1977,1977//,Japan,H3,Avian,4
    317 54 1701 94 >AB277754,A/duck/Hokkaido/5/1977,1977//,Japan,H3N2,Avian,4
    326 54 1653 219 >M16742,A/duck/9/1985,1985//,Japan,H3,Avian,4
    335 57 1701 221 >AB276113,A/duck/Hokkaido/10/1985,1985//,Japan,H3N8,Avian,4
    340 58 1701 147 >AB292402,A/duck/Hong Kong/836/1980,1980//,Hong Kong,H3N1,Avian,4
    354 35 987 92 >D21171,A/duck/Hong Kong/245/1977,1977//,Hong Kong,H3N2,Avian,4
    358 61 1701 105 >AB829334,A/chicken/Hong Kong/37/1978,1978//,Hong Kong,H3N2,Avian,4
    393 67 1701 40 >CY014702,A/duck/Chabarovsk/1610/1972 ,1972//,Russia,H3N8,Avian,4
    I'm interested in expert panflu damage estimates
    my current links: http://bit.ly/hFI7H ILI-charts: http://bit.ly/CcRgT

    Comment


    • #32
      Re: Canada - British Columbia: HP H5N2 Avian Influenza confirmed on 10 farms in Fraser Valley

      Virus Sequencing

      December 17, 2014

      Scientists at the Canadian Food Inspection Agency's (CFIA) National Centre for Foreign Animal Disease (NCFAD) have confirmed that the virus detected in <abbr title="British Columbia">BC</abbr> poultry is highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N2. This virus contains gene segments from the highly pathogenic Eurasian H5N8 virus, including the H5 gene, and segments from typical North American viruses, including the N2 gene.

      This is the first time a Eurasian lineage highly pathogenic H5 virus has caused an outbreak of avian influenza in poultry in North America.

      The appearance of this particular reassortant virus is significant due to its ability to cause high mortality in domestic poultry. The <abbr title="Canadian Food Inspection Agency">CFIA</abbr> continues to take swift action in response to this virus.

      While there are no reports of H5N2 related illness in humans, as a precautionary measure public health officials are monitoring workers who are exposed to affected poultry.

      Wild bird testing conducted to date has not yet detected this strain in Canada. Further studies to evaluate the risk to wild birds are being undertaken.

      Poultry farmers are encouraged to protect their flocks by employing strict biosecurity measures on farm, and immediately reporting suspicious symptoms to the <abbr title="Canadian Food Inspection Agency">CFIA</abbr>.

      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
      -Nelson Mandela

      Comment


      • #33
        Re: Canada - British Columbia: HP H5N2 Avian Influenza confirmed on 10 farms in Fraser Valley

        Avian Influenza ? British Columbia 2014
        Infected Premises


        The following table lists infected premises (IP) identified as part of the ongoing avian influenza situation in British Columbia.
        <table><caption class="align-left">Last updated: 2014-12-18 ? 5:00 <abbr title="Post Meridiem">p.m.</abbr> <abbr title="Eastern Standard Time">EST</abbr> (2:00 <abbr title="Post Meridiem">p.m.</abbr> <abbr title="Pacific Standard Time">PST</abbr>)</caption> <thead> <tr><th class="wrap-none"><abbr title="Infected Premise">IP</abbr> #</th><th>Location</th><th>Date confirmed</th><th>Poultry type</th><th>Approximate # of affected birds</th></tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr> <td>1</td> <td>Chilliwack, <abbr title="British Columbia">BC</abbr></td> <td>December 1</td> <td>Broiler/Breeders</td> <td class="align-right">13,000</td> </tr> <tr> <td>2</td> <td>Abbotsford, <abbr title="British Columbia">BC</abbr></td> <td>December 1</td> <td>Turkeys</td> <td class="align-right">28,000</td> </tr> <tr> <td>3</td> <td>Abbotsford, <abbr title="British Columbia">BC</abbr></td> <td>December 4</td> <td>Broiler/Breeders</td> <td class="align-right">14,000</td> </tr> <tr> <td>4</td> <td>Abbotsford, <abbr title="British Columbia">BC</abbr></td> <td>December 4</td> <td>Broiler/Breeders</td> <td class="align-right">25,000</td> </tr> <tr> <td>5 <sup id="fnb1a-ref">Table Note *</sup></td> <td>Abbotsford, <abbr title="British Columbia">BC</abbr></td> <td>December 6</td> <td>Turkeys</td> <td class="align-right">33,000</td> </tr> <tr> <td>6 <sup id="fnb1b-ref">Table Note *</sup></td> <td>Abbotsford, <abbr title="British Columbia">BC</abbr></td> <td>December 9</td> <td>Turkeys</td> <td class="align-right">33,000</td> </tr> <tr> <td>7</td> <td>Abbotsford, <abbr title="British Columbia">BC</abbr></td> <td>December 10</td> <td>Broiler/Breeders</td> <td class="align-right">19,000</td> </tr> <tr> <td>8</td> <td>Abbotsford, <abbr title="British Columbia">BC</abbr></td> <td>December 10</td> <td>Broiler/Breeders</td> <td class="align-right">8,800</td> </tr> <tr> <td>9</td> <td>Abbotsford, <abbr title="British Columbia">BC</abbr></td> <td>December 11</td> <td>Broiler/Breeders</td> <td class="align-right">7,000</td> </tr> <tr> <td>10</td> <td>Langley, <abbr title="British Columbia">BC</abbr></td> <td>December 13</td> <td>Table Egg Layers</td> <td class="align-right">53,000</td> </tr> <tr> <td>11</td> <td>Langley, <abbr title="British Columbia">BC</abbr></td> <td>December 17</td> <td>Broiler/Breeders</td> <td class="align-right">11,800</td> </tr> <tr> <td>
        ...

        </td> <td>
        </td> <td>
        </td> <td>
        </td> <td class="align-right">Total: 245,600

        </td></tr></tbody></table>
        "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
        -Nelson Mandela

        Comment


        • #34


          Avian Influenza – British Columbia 2014

          Infected Premises


          Last updated: 2014-12-20 – 9:00 p.m. EST (6:00 p.m. PST)

          The following table lists commercial infected premises (IP) identified as part of the ongoing avian influenza situation in British Columbia.
          1 Chilliwack, BC December 1 Broiler/Breeders 13,000
          2 Abbotsford, BC December 1 Turkeys 28,000
          3 Abbotsford, BC December 4 Broiler/Breeders 14,000
          4 Abbotsford, BC December 4 Broiler/Breeders 25,000
          5 Table Note* Abbotsford, BC December 6 Turkeys 33,000
          6 Table Note* Abbotsford, BC December 9 Turkeys 33,000
          7 Abbotsford, BC December 10 Broiler/Breeders 19,000
          8 Abbotsford, BC December 10 Broiler/Breeders 8,800
          9 Abbotsford, BC December 11 Broiler/Breeders 7,000
          10 Langley, BC December 13 Table Egg Layers 53,000
          11 Langley, BC December 17 Broiler/Breeders 11,800
          Total: 245,600
          Table Notes

          Table Note * IP5 and IP6 are located on the same site; however, as they are legally considered separate business entities, they are treated as two separate infected premises.
          Return to table note*referrer


          The following table lists non-commercial infected premises (IPNC) identified as part of the ongoing avian influenza situation in British Columbia.
          01 Aldergrove December 19 Ducks/Chickens/Geese/Turkeys 85
          Total: 85
          CFIA

          Date modified: 2014-12-21
          "Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights that must be our call to arms"
          Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

          ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

          Comment


          • #35
            B.C.?s poultry industry bracing for a long recovery after bird flu outbreak: expert

            BY GEORDON OMAND, THE CANADIAN PRESS FEBRUARY 3, 2015 9:09 AM

            VANCOUVER ? It could be as late as June before British Columbia farms are declared free of the avian flu, but recovering from the international trade implications may take far longer, an expert says.

            Robin Horel, head of the Canadian Poultry and Egg Processors Council, said a clean bill of health from the Canadian Food Inspection Agency is ?just the beginning? and that more work will be needed to resume overseas trade.

            Once the 11 infected commercial facilities in B.C.?s Lower Mainland are cleaned and disinfected, Horel said the CFIA imposes a 21-day restriction before allowing birds back into barns.

            Restocking is followed by a three-month surveillance period, after which a farm can be labelled free of the avian flu.

            ?(But) the 90-day clock hasn?t wound yet because we?re still working on some of the premises,? said Horel, adding that so far only half the farms have been fully cleaned.
            ...
            Read latest breaking news, updates, and headlines. The Province offers information on latest national and international events & more.
            "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
            -Nelson Mandela

            Comment

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